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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 703-707, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922985

ABSTRACT

The liver is the main place for metabolism in human body, and when severe liver injury is induced by various factors, there will be disorders in the functions of synthesis, metabolism, and biological conversion. This article summarizes the features of the metabolism of nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, and lipids in the presence of liver failure, as well as the assessment of malnutrition and clinical interventions. For patients with liver failure, it is of great importance to identify and correct malnutrition in a timely manner, so as to improve energy metabolism and inflammation and increase survival rate.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 577-581, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922957

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of preoperative serum heat shock protein 90α (HSP90α) level on the survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated by transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 97 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who received TACE alone in Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, from January 1, 2019 to June 1, 2020. With the median of serum HSP90α level as the cut-off value, the patients were divided into high-level group with 48 patients (HSP90α > 135 ng/L) and low-level group with 49 patients (HSP90α ≤135 ng/L). The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the median survival time, and the log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. The log-rank univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to explore the influencing factors for the survival time of patients after surgery. Results There were significant differences between the high-level group and the low-level group in Child-Pugh class ( χ 2 =19.356, P <0.01), tumor necrosis ( χ 2 =9.964, P =0.002), BCLC staging ( χ 2 =22.356, P <0.01), and ECOG score ( χ 2 =6.644, P <0.05). The high-level group had a significantly shorter median survival time than the low-level group ( χ 2 =15.551, P <0.01). HSP90α level (hazard ratio [ HR ]=1.690, P <0.05) and BCLC staging ( HR =2.373, P <0.05) were independent influencing factors for the survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after TACE. Conclusion Preoperative serum HSP90α level is an independent influencing factor for the survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after TACE, and it is expected to become one of the potential indicators for evaluating the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated by TACE.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between cesarean section and sensory integration dysfunction (SID) in preschool children through a prospective cohort study.@*METHODS@#Based on the multicenter mother-infant cohort established by the Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine in 2012, the sensory integration functions (three dimensions: vestibular balance, tactile defensiveness, and proprioception) of 392 preschool children were evaluated by the Chinese Children Sensory Integration Capacity Development Rating Scale in 2017. Births by cesarean section were the exposure factors, and the children born by vaginal delivery were enrolled as controls. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of cesarean section with each dimension of SID.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence rate of SID was 21.9% (86/392) among the preschool children, and the prevalence rates of vestibular balance disorder, tactile over-responsivity, and proprioceptive disorder were 5.9% (23/392), 5.4% (21/392), and 15.1% (59/392) respectively. After adjustment for the confounding factors including maternal age at delivery and maternal educational level and child birth situation, the cesarean section group had a significant increase in the risk of proprioceptive disorder (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cesarean section can significantly increase the risk of proprioceptive disorder in preschool children, especially in boys.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Delivery, Obstetric , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of the tripartite motif containing 31 (TRIM31) gene silencing on the proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma cells and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#The normal bone marrow plasma cells (nPCs) were selected as control, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TRIM31 in human multiple myeloma cell lines (U266, RPMI-8226, NCI-H929 and KMS-11) were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Recombinant lentivirol vector containing shRNA-TRIM31 and its negative control were used to infect U266 cells respectively, and the mRNA expression level of TRIM31 in infected cells was detected by RT-qPCR. Then cell proliferation, colony forming and apoptosis were analyzed by CCK-8, soft agar assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. The protein expression levels of TRIM31, cleaved-caspase-3, BCL-2, Bax, p-Akt (Ser473), Akt and PI3K (p110α) were evaluated by Western blot. In addition, the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway-specific inhibitor LY294002 and TRIM31-shRNA lentivirus were used to interfere with U266 cells, and the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and protein expression of p-Akt (Ser473) and Akt were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with nPCs, the expression levels of TRIM31 mRNA and protein in U266, RPMI-8226, NCI-H929 and KMS-11 cells were significantly increased (P<0.001), especially in U266 cells. After lentivirus infection, the levels of TRIM31 mRNA and protein in U266 cells were significantly decreased (P<0.001). TRIM31 silencing significantly inhibited the proliferation of U266 cells (P<0.05), attenuated the ability of cell cloning, improved cell apoptosis, up-regulated the protein expressions of cleaved-caspase-3 and Bas as well as down-regulated expressions of BCL-2, p-Akt (Ser473) and PI3K (p110α). There was no significant effect on Akt protein. Intervention of LY294002 significantly enhanced the inhibition on cell proliferation and the promotion on apoptosis mediated by TRIM31 gene silencing in U266 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#TRIM31 gene silencing can inhibit U266 cell proliferation and promote its apoptosis, which may be closely related to inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Tripartite Motif Proteins/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 555-561, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of induced membrane technique combined with staged internal fixation for treatment of infected femoral nonunion.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 21 patients with infected femoral nonunion treated from January 2016 to December 2018 in 920th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of PLA. There were 13 males and 8 females, with the age of 18-57 years [(38.9±6.7)years]. The duration of nonunion was 7-78 months [(27.1±11.4)months]. All patients were treated by induced membrane technique in two stages. At stage I, the original internal fixation was removed and debrided thoroughly, then the antibiotic-loaded bone cement and locking compression plate (LCP) were placed. The length of bone defect following debridement was 5-15 cm[(7.4±1.9)cm]. At stage II, the bone defect was reconstructed with bone grafts and fixed with the intramedullary nail and/or LCP. The wound condition, white blood cell count, C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were recorded after stage I surgery and at the last follow-up to measure infection control. The complications and bone healing time were recorded. The bone healing was evaluated by the Paley criteria and the functional recovery of the affected limb was evaluated by the range of motion of the knee at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 23-43 months [(31.9±6.7)months]. The infection recurred in 4 patients after stage I surgery, and the wound healed after repeated debridement. There was no infection recurrence after stage II surgery. The white blood cell count, CRP and ESR were (6.1±1.8)×10 9/L, (10.1±3.1)mg/L, (10.2±3.4)mm/h at the last follow-up, significantly decreased from preoperative (15.0±4.8)×10 9/L, (69.8±14.8)mg/L, (66.2±13.2)mm/h ( P<0.05). The incidence of complications was 43%. Besides infection recurrence in 4 patients after stage I surgery, the donor site at the posterior superior iliac spine in 3 patients showed delayed healing, and the limb shortening occurred in 2 patients with the discrepancy of 3 cm and 4 cm. Bony union was observed in all patients within 6-16 months [(8.8±2.7)months]. The results were excellent in 19 patients and good in 2 patients according to the Paley criteria at the last follow-up. The knee range of motion was significantly improved from preoperative 30.0°(15.0°, 110.0°) to 90.0°(61.5°, 120.0°) at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For infected femoral nonunion, the induced membrane technique combined with staged internal fixation can effectively control infection, achieve bony union, and promote functional recovery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality of life of caregivers of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. The 12-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-12) was used to measure the quality of life of 496 caregivers, and multiple linear regression was performed to analyze the related factors. Results:The score of physical component summary (PCS) of caregivers was (51.67±8.11), and the score of mental component summary (MCS) was (42.10±12.66). The scores of PCS were lower in caregivers with children aged 6 to 18 years (B = -1.783, 95%CI -3.279 to -0.287, P = 0.020), children with emotional instability (B = 2.719, 95%CI 1.254 to 4.184, P < 0.001), female caregivers (B = -3.765, 95%CI -6.578 to -0.953, P = 0.009), and caregivers who were relatively dissatisfied with the policy (B = 1.973, 95%CI 0.367 to 3.578, P = 0.016); and were higher in caregivers with children with speech disabilities (B = 3.463, 95%CI 0.053 to 6.873, P = 0.047). The types of disabilities of children (Bhearing = 9.465, 95%CI 5.107 to 13.823, P < 0.001; Bundetermined = 5.999, 95%CI 1.558 to 10.441, P = 0.008), playmates of children (B = 2.626, 95%CI 0.352 to 4.901, P = 0.024), education level of caregivers (Bhigh middle school = -4.701, 95%CI -8.028 to -1.374, P = 0.006; Bhigh school = -3.610, 95%CI -6.604 to -0.615, P = 0.018), family size (B = 2.616, 95%CI 0.479 to 4.753, P = 0.017) and per capita monthly income (B < 5000 Yuan= -6.572, 95%CI -9.136 to -4.008, P < 0.001; B5000 to < 10000 Yuan = -4.932, 95%CI -7.544 to -2.319, P < 0.001) were associated with the scores of MCS. Conclusion:The quality of life, especially the mental health, of caregivers of children with disabilities is poor. The influencing factors cover multiple dimensions such as caregivers, children, family and social environment.

7.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1142-1151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902431

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate microstructural damage in high myopia (HM) patients using 3T diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study included 30 HM patients and 33 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) with DKI. Kurtosis parameters including kurtosis fractional anisotropy (FA), mean kurtosis (MK), axial kurtosis (AK), and radial kurtosis (RK) as well as diffusion metrics including FA, mean diffusivity, axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity derived from DKI were obtained. Group differences in these metrics were compared using tract-based spatial statistics. Partial correlation analysis was used to evaluate correlations between microstructural changes and disease duration. @*Results@#Compared to HCs, HM patients showed significantly reduced AK, RK, MK, and FA and significantly increased AD, predominately in the bilateral corticospinal tract, right inferior longitudinal fasciculus, superior longitudinal fasciculus, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, and left thalamus (all p < 0.05, threshold-free cluster enhancement corrected). In addition, DKI-derived kurtosis parameters (AK, RK, and MK) had negative correlations (r = -0.448 to -0.376, all p < 0.05) and diffusion parameter (AD) had positive correlations (r = 0.372 to 0.409, all p < 0.05) with disease duration. @*Conclusion@#HM patients showed microstructural alterations in the brain regions responsible for motor conduction and visionrelated functions. DKI is useful for detecting white matter abnormalities in HM patients, which might be helpful for exploring and monitoring the pathogenesis of the disease.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1142-1151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894727

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate microstructural damage in high myopia (HM) patients using 3T diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study included 30 HM patients and 33 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) with DKI. Kurtosis parameters including kurtosis fractional anisotropy (FA), mean kurtosis (MK), axial kurtosis (AK), and radial kurtosis (RK) as well as diffusion metrics including FA, mean diffusivity, axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity derived from DKI were obtained. Group differences in these metrics were compared using tract-based spatial statistics. Partial correlation analysis was used to evaluate correlations between microstructural changes and disease duration. @*Results@#Compared to HCs, HM patients showed significantly reduced AK, RK, MK, and FA and significantly increased AD, predominately in the bilateral corticospinal tract, right inferior longitudinal fasciculus, superior longitudinal fasciculus, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, and left thalamus (all p < 0.05, threshold-free cluster enhancement corrected). In addition, DKI-derived kurtosis parameters (AK, RK, and MK) had negative correlations (r = -0.448 to -0.376, all p < 0.05) and diffusion parameter (AD) had positive correlations (r = 0.372 to 0.409, all p < 0.05) with disease duration. @*Conclusion@#HM patients showed microstructural alterations in the brain regions responsible for motor conduction and visionrelated functions. DKI is useful for detecting white matter abnormalities in HM patients, which might be helpful for exploring and monitoring the pathogenesis of the disease.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922616

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibroblastoma (IMT) is a rare solid tumor, and its etiology and pathogenesis are unclear. Crohn's disease is a non-specific intestinal inflammatory disease. The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, and imaging examinations of IMT are not specific, making diagnosis difficult. A case of Crohn's disease combined with IMT of abdominal wall was admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology at the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, on Nov. 21, 2017. This patient was admitted to our hospital because of repeated right lower abdominal pain for 4 years. A 6 cm×5 cm mass was palpated in the right lower abdomen. After completing the transanal double-balloon enteroscopy and computed tomographic enterography for the small intestinal, the cause was still unidentified. The patient underwent surgery due to an abdominal wall mass with intestinal fistula on Sept. 12, 2018 and recovered well currently. According to histopathology and immunohistochemistry, he was diagnosed with Crohn's disease combined with IMT. Up to July 2020, the patients still took azathioprine regularly, without abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and other discomfort, and the quality of his life was good.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Crohn Disease/complications , Humans , Intestine, Small , Male , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/surgery
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a family which has two siblings with SCN2A mutation caused by germline mosaicism suffering from autism spectrum disorder/development delay (ASD/DD).@*METHODS@#Clinical data was collected for the proband and his parents. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out on the proband and his parents. Suspected mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing of the proband, his parents and brother. To detect whether there is a low proportion of somatic mosaicism in the parents, a droplet digital PCR was conducted. The result of ddPCR showed that the father was germline mosaicism (0.233%).@*RESULTS@#NGS has identified a de novo splicing mutation of the SCN2A gene, c.605+1G>A, in the proband and his brother. Combined with its clinical phenotype and inheritance pattern, SCN2A was judged to be the pathogenic gene. Above findings strongly suggested parental germline mosaicism.@*CONCLUSION@#ASD/DD in siblings with SCN2A mutations caused by germline mosaicism. Paternal mosaicism should be considered as one of the important inheritance patterns for counseling parents with a child carrying SCN2A mutation. The ddPCR can help to reveal very low proportion of germline mosaicism.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Germ Cells , Humans , Male , Mosaicism , Mutation , /genetics , Siblings
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3361-3367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921431

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the role of the opening and sharing management mode (OSMM) of undergraduate experiment teaching instruments in fostering talents under the "Double first-class" initiative, the importance of laboratory information management system (LIMS) in the OSMM was discussed, in light of the experience and shortcomings of developing an OSMM in the experimental teaching center of environment and ecology college at Xiamen university. Some approaches were put forward to promote OSMM development and improve the utility of teaching equipments, so as to maximize the utility of the instruments, guarantee the regular teaching and scientific research, promote the sustainable and healthy development of colleges and universities, and achieve the desirable progress of the ongoing national "Double first-class" initiative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Information Management , Laboratories , Students , Universities
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 999-1016, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921305

ABSTRACT

Cellular primary cilium, located on the surface of virtually all mammalian cells, is a strictly conserved organelle which regulates cell biological process and maintains cell homeostasis by modulating cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, polarity, signal cascades and other life activities. Some diseases caused by mutations in genes encoding structural proteins or accessory proteins of primary cilia are collectively termed as "ciliopathies", which can occur in embryo, infancy and even adulthood. Ciliopathies not only involve a single organ, but also involve multiple organs and multiple systems, showing variable symptoms and overlapping symptoms. This review mainly summarizes the effects of ciliopathy-associated gene mutations on bone, tooth, skin, liver and bile duct, kidney, brain, retina, heart and other organs, uncovers their molecular mechanisms and provides some novel insights into therapy of ciliopathies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cilia , Ciliopathies/genetics , Humans , Proteins , Retina , Signal Transduction
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888168

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic the-rapy in treating hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) patients compared with minimally invasive surgery or basic treatment. In this study, the four Chinese databases, the four English databases, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and ClinicalTrail.gov, all above were systematically and comprehensively retrieved from the time of database establishment to September 10, 2020. Rando-mized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria established in advanced. The methodological quality of included studies was evaluated by the tool named "Cochrane bias risk assessment 6.1". Meta-analysis of the included studies was performed using RevMan 5.4, and the quality of outcome indicators was evaluated by the GRADE system. Finally, 17 studies were included, involving 1 852 patients with HICH, and the overall quality of the included studies was not high. According to Meta-analysis,(1)CSS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-3.50,95%CI[-4.39,-2.61],P<0.000 01);(2)NIHSS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-4.78,95%CI[-5.55,-4.00],P<0.000 01);(3)the cerebral hematoma volume of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-4.44,95%CI[-5.83,-3.04],P<0.000 01);(4)ADL score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=20.81,95%CI[17.25,24.37],P<0.000 01);(5)the GCS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=2.41,95%CI[1.90,2.91],P<0.000 01). The GRADE system showed an extremely low level of evidence for the above outcome indicators. Adverse reactions were mentioned only in two literatures, with no adverse reactions reported. The available evidence showed that acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy had a certain efficacy in patients of HICH compared with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy. However, due to the high risk of bias in the included studies, its true efficacy needs to be verified by more high-quality studies in the future.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/therapy , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888167

ABSTRACT

To overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Xingnaojing Injection(XNJ) in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). The systematic reviews concerning XNJ in the treatment of ICH were retrieved from four Chinese databases, four English databases, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and ClinicalTrail.gov, with the retrieval time set from their inception to September 2020. Following the independent screening and data extraction by two researchers, a measurement tool to assess systematic evaluation 2(AMSTAR 2) and grades of recommendation, assessment, development and evaluation(GRADE) system were used to evaluate the metho-dological, reporting and evidence qualities of the 10 included systematic reviews. The results showed that XNJ was superior to the wes-tern medicine or conventional treatment in improving the effective rate and National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) score, Barthel index(BI), and Glasgow coma scale(GCS) score and Chinese stroke scale(CSS) score, and reducing the mortality and cerebral hematoma volume, without inducing obvious adverse reactions. In general, the methodological, reporting and evidence qualities of the 10 included systematic reviews were poor. The AMSTAR 2 scores showed that key items No. 2 and No. 16 failed to meet the stan-dard, resulting in poor methodological quality. There was only one outcome indicator graded by GRADE as intermediate quality, 43% indicators as low quality, 42% indicators as extremely low quality, and none as high quality. These available evidences have suggested that the methodological, reporting and evidence qualities of the systematic evaluation concerning XNJ for the treatment of ICH need to be improved. Most evidences support that XNJ was better than the western medicine or conventional treatment in the treatment of ICH, but the methodological quality and the reliability of outcome indicators in relevant systematic review were low. More high-quality studies are still required for further verification.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Systematic Reviews as Topic , United States
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888164

ABSTRACT

The study aims to analyze the outcome indicators of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) in recent three years, and thus provide suggestions for the future studies in this field. Four English databases, four Chinese databases and two online registration websites of clinical trials were searched. The RCTs published between January 2018 and September 2020 were screened. The risk of bias was assessed and outcome measures were classified. A total of 151 839 articles were retrieved, of which 44 RCTs were included for analysis after screening. The outcome measures of the included RCTs were classified into 7 categories, among which the symptoms/signs category showed the highest reporting rate. National Institute of Health stroke scale(72.73%) was the most frequently reported outcome indicator, while the vo-lume of intracerebral hemorrhage determined by computerized tomography(36.36%) was the most frequently reported lab test outcome. Most studies collect the outcomes at the end of treatment, while 9 studies reported long-term outcomes 3 months or more after onset. Compared with those of international clinical trials, the application of some of the outcomes was reasonable, focusing on patients' symptoms, quality of life and objective outcomes. However, there were still several problems: unclear primary and secondary outcome measures, insufficient attention to long-term prognosis, insufficient attention to social function, few TCM outcomes, lack of measurement blindness and the use of unreasonable composite outcomes. It is recommended that researchers should rationally design the outcome indicators of clinical trials and develop the core outcome set.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888037

ABSTRACT

The effect of oral or nasal feeding with Chinese patent medicine on hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage was systematically evaluated by using the method of network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, CBM), three English databases(Medline, EMbase, Cochrane Library) and ClinicalTrials.gov were retrieved through computers. According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicine combined with Western medicine in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were screened out according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and Stata 16.0 software was used to analyze the outcome indicators. A total of 3 888 literatures were retrieved, and 30 studies involving 6 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were finally included. The total sample size was 2 758 cases, including 1 401 cases in the treatment group and 1 357 cases in the control group. According to the results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of improving the degree of nerve function defect, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Tongxinluo Capsules>combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>conventional Western medicine;(2)in terms of reducing the amount of residual cerebral hematoma, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(3)in terms of improving ability of daily living, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Shenzhi Huoxue Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(4)in terms of improving total effective rate, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills=combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined Tongxinluo Capsules>conventional Western medicine treatment. The results showed that in addition to conventional Western medicine therapy, the combined use with Chinese patent medicine can improve the clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the differences in the number and quality of various Chinese patent medicines included in the studies, and the lack of direct comparison of Chinese patent medicines, the ranking results still need to be verified by multi center, large-sample-size randomized double-blind trials in the future, so as to provide more reliable evidence support for clinical drug use.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888036

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid in treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, four Chinese databases, four English databases, clinical trials registration center(ClinicalTrials.gov) and Chinese clinical trial registry were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to September 9, 2020. According to the set criteria, the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.4.1 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. Eleven studies were finally included, with a total sample size of 1 221 cases, 612 cases in the treatment group and 609 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine had no significant difference compare with conventional Western medicine in reducing National Institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) after 2 weeks of treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(MD=-1.59,95%CI[-3.46,0.29],P=0.10), but was superior to conventional Western medicine after 30 d of treatment(MD=-1.16,95%CI [-1.39,-0.94],P<0.000 01). Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine in improving Glasgow coma scale(MD=1.00,95%CI[0,2.00],P=0.05) and reducing the incidence of secondary brain insults(RR=0.38,95%CI[0.24,0.59],P<0.000 1), but there was no significant difference in increasing Barthel index(MD=1.00,95%CI[-0.30,2.30],P=0.13). In terms of effective rate, studies using Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines, NHISS or Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) had shown that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine(RR_(Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines)=1.27,95%CI[1.10,1.46],P=0.001;RR_(NHISS)=1.26,95%CI[1.13,1.40],P<0.000 1;RR_(GOS)=1.54,95%CI[1.22,1.93],P=0.000 2). In reduction of hematoma volume, Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment(MD_(2 week)=-2.31,95%CI[-3.12,-1.49],P<0.000 01;MD_(4 week)=-2.04,95%CI[-2.41,-1.68],P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. In terms of adverse reactions, two of the included studies reported mild adverse reactions, and the rest of studies were not mentioned, so this study was not able to make a positive evaluation of the safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid. This study showed that compared with conventional Western medicine, combined Naoxueshu Oral Liquid may be better for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the high bias risk in the included studies, more large-sample and high-quality RCTs are still needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs , Stroke
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885529

ABSTRACT

Maternal heart disease has emerged as one of the major diseases threatening pregnant women's safety and long-term cardiovascular health. It is worth noting that there is a large gap in pregnancy prognosis with various cardiovascular diseases. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has published a practice bulletin named "Pregnancy and Heart Disease" in April 2019, which addressed the prevalence, risk factors, and heart disease effects on pregnancy and the puerperium. It outlined the common types and tiered care recommendations for cardiovascular diseases during pregnancy and puerperium.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 553-559, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the clinical features of KCNQ2-associated epilepsy and the novel mutations and unreported clinical phenotype of KCNQ2 gene, so as to provide help for treatment selection and prognosis evaluation.Methods:Among 979 patients with epilepsy and developmental delay who were admitted to the Department of Neurology,Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from July 2015 to October 2019, a total of 13 patients were selected from 12 families with KCNQ2 gene mutation by whole exome sequencing technology. Suspected mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing on the probands and their parents to identify the source. The clinical phenotype and genotype were analyzed according to these results.Results:Among the 13 patients with epilepsy, the onset age of four cases were older than six months [two cases in infancy (epilepsy encephalopathy), one case in early childhood (epilepsy encephalopathy) and one case in adolescence (benign epilepsy)]. Eight cases were treated with oxcarbazepine, of whom five cases were seizure free, and two cases showed partial response (>50%). Two cases treated with topiramate were seizure free. Five novel mutations were found in this research, including c.379T>G(p.Y127D), c.1A>C(initial codon mutation), c.708G>C(p.W236C), c.1027G>T(p.A343S) and c.1649T>G(p.V550G).Conclusions:Although it was rare in clinical work, the variation of KCNQ2 gene existed in patients with childhood-onset epilepsy and adolescent-onset epilepsy. Meanwhile, five novel mutations of KCNQ2 gene were reported, which further expanded its gene spectrum. This research supported that oxcarbazepine was the efficient medicine for the KCNQ2-associated epilepsy. Genetic testing showed great help to the treatment of epilepsy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 495-498, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885451

ABSTRACT

ATP1A3 gene mutations are associated with a wide spectrum of neurological symptoms. This article describes a case in children, which is caused by mutation of ATP1A3 gene. A seven years old boy presented with symptoms of fever-induced generalized dystonia, dysarthria, and paroxysmal weakness. Gene sequencing results showed that the ATP1A3 gene in the boy had heterozygous mutations of c.1838C>T. Combined with the clinical manifestations, gene mutations and literatures, the patient was diagnosed as a phenotypic overlap of an atypical form of rapid onset dystonia-parkinsonism and paroxysmal weakness. The results of genetic testing can contribute to the early diagnosis of patients with atypical and overlapping phenotypes in ATP1A3 spectrum disorder.

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