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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prevalence of gout and related factors in community population, thereby provide evidence for comprehensive prevention and control of gout in community.Methods:A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling was used to survey the permanent residents of 20 to 75 years old in the 3 selected streets (towns), univariate analysis was performed using logistic regression by SPSS statistical software.Results:The prevalences of hyperuricemia and gout were 9.82% and 5.75% respectively(male 18.88% and 7.94%, female 3.79% and 4.29%)in Jiading Shanghai. The positive rate of family history was 17.13%, and the relationship between family history and gout was significant( OR=3.140, 95% CI 2.365-4.169, P<0.01). Age( OR=1.034, 95% CI 1.021-1.047), body mass index ( OR=1.102, 95% CI 1.074-1.131), waist-hip ratio ( OR=4.876, 95% CI 1.153-20.622), sleep quality ( OR=1.310, 95% CI 1.159-1.480), other animal meat ( OR=1.117, 95% CI 1.007-1.240), fresh water fish ( OR=1.138, 95% CI 1.005-1.288), and processed meat ( OR=1.145, 95% CI 1.033-1.270) were closely related to gout ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Sex, alcohol drinking, marine fish, and soybean milk/soymilk were related to gout ( P<0.05 or P<0.01), but showed a protective effect ( OR<1.000). Conclusion:Reducing uric acid production through less consumption of purine-rich food such as animal meat as well as processed meat and weight control would be helpful in preventing gout.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888083

ABSTRACT

As recorded, agarwood has the function of improving qi reception and relieving asthma, but the underlying mechanism is unclear and rarely reported. Therefore, this study explored the anti-asthmatic effect of the alcohol extract of agarwood produced by the whole-tree agarwood-inducing technique(Agar-Wit) in the asthma mouse model induced by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin(OVA) + Al(OH)_3 combined with intranasal administration of OVA and the mechanism, and compared the anti-asthmatic effects of agarwood induced with different methods. Firstly, the anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects of Agar-Wit agarwood in mice were evaluated based on the asthma frequency, lung tissue injury, and peripheral inflammatory white blood cell(WBC) count and eosinophil count. Then, the levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), IL-17, and IL-10 in serum of mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA) and the expression of inflammation-and apoptosis-related genes in tissues was measured by reverse transcription polyme-rase chain reaction(RT-PCR) so as to preliminarily explore the anti-asthmatic mechanism. RESULTS:: showed that the alcohol extract of Agar-Wit agarwood significantly reduced asthma frequency, relieved pathological injury, improved peripheral WBC count and eosinophil count, decreased the levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-17, elevated the level of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, and down-regulated the mRNA expression of IL-1 R, tumor necrosis factor receptor R(TNFR), nuclear transcription factor-kappa B(NF-κB), Bax, and caspase 3, but had no significant influence on the expression of high-mobility group box 1(HMGB1) protein, caspase 8, and Bcl-2. The effect of Agar-Wit agarwood alcohol extract was better than that of wild agarwood alcohol extract and alcohol extract of agarwood induced with the burning-chisel-drilling method at the same dose. In conclusion, Agar-Wit agarwood can significantly alleviate inflammation and asthma, which is related to its anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Asthmatic Agents , Asthma/drug therapy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Disease Models, Animal , Lung , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B , Ovalbumin , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873562

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between daily diet and physical activity with myopia in middle school students in Shanghai, so as to provide evidence for the prevention of myopia. Methods A stratified cluster random sampling of 795 students from two middle schools and one high school in Jiading District of Shanghai was selected. Data was extracted from 2017 adolescent health related behaviors surveillance in Shanghai. Results The reported rate of myopia among middle and high school students was determined to be 57.2%. The proportion of middle school students reporting no drinking soda, no eating desserts and no eating fried foods during the past week were 45.2%, 16.4% and 31.1%, respectively. The proportion of reporting eating fresh fruit, eating vegetables, drinking a cup of milk or yogurt among middle school students every day were 45.8%, 73.2% and 40.7%, respectively. The proportion of physical activity over 60 minutes and moderate intensity exercise over 30 minutes every day were 25.6% and 15.4%, respectively. The proportion of no drinking soda, no eating fried foods, eating fresh fruit every day, eating vegetables every day, and physical activity over 60 minutes during the past week in the non-myopia group were significantly higher than those in the myopia group(P < 0.01). Middle school students eating fresh fruit every day and physical activity over 60 minutes every day were determined to be protective factors for myopia(P < 0.01). Conclusion The proportions of Middle and high school students in Shanghai reporting healthy diet and physical activity are relatively low. Healthy diet and sufficient physical activity may be protective against myopia.

4.
J Genet ; 2020 May; 99: 1-18
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215519

ABSTRACT

The relationship between the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expression and oesophageal cancer prognosis has been widely studied, but less consensus has been reached. We conducted this study to evaluate the relationship between the expression of lncRNAs and the prognosis and clinical pathology of oesophageal cancer. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library until 25 January 2019. Studies that evaluated the associations of a specific lncRNA with survival and/or clinicopathology of oesophageal cancer were included. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs), odds ratios (ORs), and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using fixed or random-effect models. Sensitivity analysis was used to verify the stability of results. Publication bias was detected using Begg tests and adjusted utilizing the trim-and-fill method if a bias existed. A total of 51 studies comprising 6510 patients and regarding 41 lncRNAs were included in the present systematic review and meta-analysis. The results showed that dysregulation of lncRNAs was associated with overall survival, disease-free survival, and progression-free survival. The expression of lncRNAs was related to some certain clinicopathological parameters of oesophageal cancer, including tumour size, T classification, lymph node metastasis, tumour node metastasis (TNM) stage and differentiation. Among these findings, lncRNA AK001796, CASC9, HOTAIR, MALAT1 and UCA1 were identified and were expected to be ideal biomarkers for the prognosis and clinicopathology of oesophageal cancer. Although significant publication bias was observed in some studies, the results were not changed after adjustment using the trim-and-fill method. Abnormal lncRNA-expression profiles could serve as a promising indicator for prognostic evaluation of patients with oesophageal cancer. The combination of these lncRNAs will contribute to clinical decision-making in the future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of early treatment of suspension moxibustion for Bell's palsy and its influence on the prognosis, and to explore whether the early treatment of suspension moxibustion has non-inferiority effect to hormone treatment and whether suspension moxibustion combined with hormone treatment has the synergistic effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 132 patients with acute-stage Bell's palsy were divided into a hormone group (94 cases) and a moxibustion group (38 cases) by non-random method, and the hormone group was further randomly divided into a hormone with moxibustion group (48 cases) and a hormone without moxibustion group (46 cases). The acupuncture and oral administration of mecobalamin capsule were used as basic treatment. Acupuncture was applied at Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Quanliao (SI 18), Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Yifeng (TE 17), etc., with the needles retained for 30 min, once a day, 5 consecutive days per week; there was an interval of 2 days between two weeks, and a total of 4-week treatment was given. The oral administration of mecobalamin capsule was given 0.5 mg each time, 3 times a day for 4 weeks. The patients in the moxibustion group, on the basis of basic treatment, were treated with the suspension moxibustion at Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Wangu (GB 12), Yifeng (TE 17) of affected side, 5 min per acupoint, once a day, 5 consecutive days per week; there was an interval of 2 days between two weeks, and a total of 4-week treatment was given. The patients in the hormone without moxibustion group, on the basis of basic treatment, were treated with prednisone acetate tablets. The patients in the hormone with moxibustion group, on the basis of basic treatment, were treated with suspension moxibustion and prednisone acetate tablets. All the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The House-Brcackmann facial nerve grading (H-B) global score and facial disability index (FDI) scale were used to evaluate the curative effect in the three groups before treatment, 2 weeks and 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment; the efficacy was compared among the three groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the H-B grading and FDI scores were significantly improved 2 weeks and 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment (0.05); the H-B grading and FDI scores in the hormone with moxibustion group were superior to those in the moxibustion group and the hormone without moxibustion group 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment (0.05). At the end of follow-up, the cured rate in the hormone with moxibustion group was 81.3% (39/48), which was superior to 68.4% (26/38) in the moxibustion group and 60.9% (28/46) in the hormone without moxibustion group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The three treatment methods are all safe and effective for acute-stage Bell's palsy. The suspension moxibustion combined with hormone therapy are superior to suspension moxibustion or hormone therapy alone. Early treatment of suspension moxibustion is safe and effective for Bell's palsy, and has obvious synergistic effect with hormone. For the patients who cannot use hormone, suspension moxibustion could replace hormone, which is non-inferior to hormone.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotype-phenotype correlation of Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFCS) caused by MAP2K1 gene variants.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood sample from a child patient and his parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the patient. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient was a 1-year-8-month old Chinese male who manifested short stature, psychomotor retardation, relative macrocephaly, distinctive facial features, and congenital heart disease. WES test revealed a heterozygous missense c.389A>G (p.Tyr130Cys) variant in the MAP2K1 gene. Sanger sequencing has confirmed the variant as de novo. According to ACMG/AMP guidelines, the variant was classified as pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with previously reported CFCS cases due to MAP2K1 variants. The patient showed obvious behavioral problems, good appetite and tricuspid regurgitation, which may to be novel features for CFCS.


Subject(s)
China , Ectodermal Dysplasia , Genetics , Facies , Failure to Thrive , Genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Variation , Heart Defects, Congenital , Genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , MAP Kinase Kinase 1 , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the influence of botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) injections in the facial plastic surgery incision.Methods:A systematic literature search for studies which were published on PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central, CNKI and VIP, was performed from January 1998 to Octomber 2019. " Facial wound" , " Keloid" , " Scar" , " Cicatrix hypertrophy" , " Botulinum toxin" , " Boutulin" , " Botox" were set as the key words. We included trails related to the influence of botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) injections in the facial plastic surgery incision. The data were extracted and Rev Man 5.3 was used for meta-analysis.Results:Participants included seven randomized controlled trial of 450 patients. The Vancouver scar scale score of BTXA group was higher than those in the control group ( Z=23.92, P<0.01). The visual analogue scale score of BTXA group was higher than that of the control group ( Z=8.60, P<0.01). The scar width of BTXA group was less than that in the control group ( Z=10.84, P<0.01). Patients' satisfactory rate of BTXA group was higher than that of the control group ( Z=2.83, P<0.01). Conclusions:The injection treatment of BTXA for facial hyperplastic scar has certain curative effect, without obvious side effects, but the authenticity and stability of therapeutic effect have to be verified by more high quality research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and pathological features and immunophenotyping of keloidal cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma (FH) and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical data were colleceted from March 2015 to March 2019 and retrospectively analyzed, including 12 cases of FH, 5 males and 7 females, aged 14-76 years, with average age (37.67±17.71) years and 9 cases of DFSP, 5 males and 4 females, aged 19-64 years, with average age (42.56±13.82) years. The clinical manifestations, histopathological features and immunophenotyping of FH and DFSP were compared.Results:The clinical manifestations of all cases were keloid-like lesions. All patients underwent surgical treatment. 12 cases of FH were diagnosed in the postoperation routine pathological examination and immunohistochemical staining, CD68 was positive in 10 cases, 9 cases of SMA were positive and all of S-100 were negative. 9 cases of DFSP were diagnosed and 2 cases were fibrosarcomatous DFSP among them. For the 7 cases of DFSP, CD34 were all positive, 5 cases of CD68 were negative, 6 cases of SMA were negative. For 2 cases of fibrosarcomatous DFSP, CD34, CD68 and SMA were all negative. During the follow-up period from 6 months to 4 years, there was no recurrence of FH cases, and 3 cases of DFSP recurred, 2 cases were fibrosarcomatous DFSP among them, and 1 case of fibrosarcomatous DFSP presented distant metastasis.Conclusions:The clinical manifestations and pathological features of some FH and DFSP are similar to keloids in a certain extent, and there is a little difficulty for clinical differential diagnosis. Early diagnosis and standardized treatment are crucial for prognosis.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 668-671,676, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754207

ABSTRACT

Objective By investigating the obesity of the adult population in Hunan,we explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) [including waist circumference (WC),waist-to-hip ratio (WHR),waist-to-body ratio (WHtR) and H-type hypertension] in predicting H-type hypertension.Methods A multi-stage random sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey,physical examination and laboratory testing on 4 012 adults > 30 years old in 6 districts of Hunan Province.The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive effects of BMI,WC,WHR and WHtR on H-type hypertension.Results ROC curve analysis indicated that the area under curve (AUC) of the evaluation of H-type hypertension of WC,WHtR,WHR and BMI in men were:0.637,0.640,0.601,0.639,of which the largest were combination of WC + BMI and WHtR + BMI,both being 0.647.In women,the AUC of individual indexes WC,WHtR,WHR and BMI for evaluating H-type hypertension were 0.660,0.670,0.660 and 0.604 respectively.The combination of WHtR and WHR had the largest AUC,which was 0.675.The WC for evaluating H-type hypertension in youth people had the largest AUC (0.732);the WC + BMI,WHR + BMI for evaluating H-type hypertension in middle-aged people had the largest AUC,all being 0.687;the WC predicted the largest AUC of H-type hypertension in elderly people (0.590).Conclusions WC,WHtR,WHR and BMI are important predictors of H-type hypertension.The optimal indicators for different genders and ages are different,and the combined indicators are better than the individual indicators.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278696

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy and relevant adverse reactions of homebred decitabine regimen and traditional chemotherapy regimen in treatment of patients with intermediate or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight patients suffered from newly diagnosed intermediate or high-risk MDS from December 2011 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them 29 patients were treated by traditional chemotherapy regimen, and 19 patients were treated by decitabine regimen [15 mg/(m·d), ivgtt, d1-5]. The clinical efficacy and relevant adverse reactions in two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall response rate (ORR) of decitabine group was 78.9% (15/19), after 2 cycles of treatment, among them 5 achieved complete remission(CR), 5 achieved partial remission(PR), and 5 achieved hematologic improvement (HI); the ORR of traditional chemotherapy group was 65.9% (16/29), including 6 CR, 5 PR, 8 HI, the ORR and remission rate (PR+CR) in decitabine treatment group were not statistically significantly different from the that in traditional chemotherapy group (x=0.458,P>0.05; x=0.499, P>0.05). After 4 cycles of treatment, the ORR in decitabine group was 84.2% (16/19), including 5 CR, 9 PR and 2 HI. The ORR in traditional chemotherapy group was 68.9% (20/29), including 6 CR, 5 PR and 9 HI. The ORR of decitabine group was not statistically significantly different from the that in traditional chemotherapy (x=0.726,P>0.05), but the remission rate was statistically significantly different(x=4.534,P<0.05). The overall survival and progression-free survival in the decitabine group were different statistically significantly different from the traditional chemotherapy (P<0.05; P<0.01). The incidences of III-IV grades adverse reactions of hemoglobin, platelet and neutrophile in the patients treated with decitabine and traditional chemotherapy group were 52.6% and 79.3% (P>0.05), 57.9% and 86.2%(P>0.05), 84.2% and 96.6%(P>0.05), respectively. The infection rates were 26.3% and 79.3%(P<0.05), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The homebred decitabine can effectively treat intermediate-or high-risk MDS, also can be well tolerated. So, it is worth to be clinically popularized.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690702

ABSTRACT

To prepare the asiaticoside nanoemulsions (ASI-NEs) and asiaticoside nanoemulsions-based gels (ASI-NBGs), compare them with the commercial cream of asiaticoside (ASI-C) in terms of transdermal characteristics, and investigate the transdermal mechanism of ASI-NEs and ASI-NBGs. Their transdermal characteristics were studied by using Franz diffusion cells. The effect of topical ASI-NEs and ASI-NBGs on ultrastructure of rabbit skin was evaluated by using HE staining method. The localization and the permeation pathway of asiaticoside were visually investigated by using laser scanning confocal microscope (CLSM). The transdermal studies in vitro showed that the cumulative amount of ASI permeated from ASI-NEs and ASI-NBGs at 12 h after application were (3 504.30±180.93), (1 187.40±128.88) μg·cm⁻² respectively, 6.57, 2.23 times of that in the control group of ASI-C; the drug deposition of ASI-NEs and ASI-NBGs in skin was (159.48±7.47), (120.53±5.71) μg·cm⁻² respectively, 5.93, 4.48 times of that of ASI-C. HE staining of the rabbit skin after application of ASI-NEs and ASI-NBGs showed that the epidermis structure was basically intact; stratum corneum was loosed and the keratin fragment was increased; at the same time, the gap of prickle cell was increased and the basal cells were arranged loosely. The study of CLSM showed that significant percutaneous enhancer effect was observed for ASI-NEs after the topical application of 6 h, as the fluorescent compound was penetrated in the dermis and diffused uniformly. The fluorescence area and the integral optical density (IOD) were 28.81, 32.51 times of that in the FITC aqueous solution group, respectively. The fluorescent preparations showed strong fluorescence in the epidermis, but weak in deeper layers; with the increase of treatment time, the fluorescence in deeper layer was increased and stronger in skin appendages. The prepared ASI-NEs and ASI-NBGs have good transdermal characteristics and the transdermal mechanism is related to breaking the ultrastructure of stratum corneum and penetrating by the path of skin adnexa.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 462-467, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808775

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oseltamivir in the treatment of suspected influenza in children.@*Method@#A multicenter, randomized and open-label trial was conducted among 229 individuals with suspected influenza which were collected from the clinic of 5 hospitals in Guangdong province (Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center, Shenzhen Baoan District Maternity and Child Care Service Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Dongguan Maternity and Child Care Service Centre, Yuexiu District Children′s Hospital of Guangzhou) from April to July 2015. They were randomized either to oseltamivir group (oseltamivir 30-75 mg, twice daily for 5 days) or control group who were given symptom relief medicines for 5 days.@*Result@#No significant difference was found between two groups in influenza symptoms of the patients before the treatment(P>0.05). Altogether 229 individuals (114 in oseltamivir group, 115 in control group) were analyzed for efficacy, in which 73 individuals (42 oseltamivir, 31 control), 31.9%, were identified as influenza-infected through laboratory test. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the duration of fever although shortened. In the 229 individuals , the cumulative alleviation proportion between oseltamivir and control group was not significantly different (P>0.05): the median duration of illness was 69.9 hours (95% CI 65.3-91.5) in oseltamivir group and 75.4 hours (95%CI 63.9-91. 7) in control group; the median duration of fever was 40.4 hours (95%CI 31.5-53.4) in oseltamivir group and 44.0 hours (95%CI 33.2-50.0) in control group. In the 73 individuals, the cumulative alleviation proportion between oseltamivir and control group was significantly different (P<0.05). The median duration of illness was 61.2 hours (95%CI 48.0-121. 0) in oseltamivir group, being significantly shorter than that of 116.0 hours (95%CI 91.5-175.0) in control group. But it was not significantly different that the median duration of fever was 32.8 hours (95%CI 24.0-47.0 ) in oseltamivir group and 55.8 hours (95%CI 43.6-78.3 ) in control group (P>0.05). And the median duration of fever in 60 individuals (38 oseltamivir, 22 control) was significantly different between two groups(P<0.05), who had finished a course of taking oseltamivir in the 73 individuals, 34.8 hours (95%CI 24.0-48.5 ) in oseltamivir group being significantly shorter than that of 53.3 hours (95%CI 43.6-104.0 ) in control group. There was certain difference in side effects rate between the two groups (oseltamivir 10%, control 2%, P<0.05). The main side-effects were gastrointestinal symptoms (stomachache, diarrhea, poor appetite, vomiting).@*Conclusion@#The duration of illness and fever in suspected influenza patients treated with oseltamivir was shorter than those in the patients treated with no oseltamivir, the difference was not statistically significant, when 31.9% was confirmed with positive result of virus test in suspected influenza in children. But in these patients with positive result of virus test, the duration of illness was significantly shortened with treatment with oseltamivir as compared with no treatment with oseltamivir, and it would be better if full oseltamivir course was completed for reducing the duration of fever. Oseltamivir treatment was safe with mild side effects.

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1227-1230, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619162

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical and pathological influence of high uric acid on idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) Methods A retrospective study with 314 patients diagnosed with IMN from January 2014 to June 2016 was conducted and the clinical pathological influence of high uric acid on IMN was analyzed.Results (1) Of the total,the prevalence of hyperuricaemia patients was 23.2% (73 cases);(2) The difference of age,course of the disease,blood pressure and symptoms between hyperuricaemia IMN patients and IMN patients with normal uric acid was statistically significant (P < 0.05);(3) Laboratory test indexes such as blood lipid and renal function between hyperuricaemia IMN patients and IMN patients with normal uric acid indicated statistical significance (P < 0.05);(4) The pathological damage was aggravated in hyperuricaemia IMN patients (P < 0.05).Conclusion High uric acid can enhance the clinical and pathological damage of IMN,and comprehensive and effective treatments should be conducted to delay the development of disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615220

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of enteric pathogens causing acute gastroenteritis (AGE) among children to measure the incidence of coinfections,and to compare the clinical characteristics of those infected with one versus multiple agents.Methods A retrospective study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2014.All patients between 1 month and 14 years of age admitted to the Pediatric department with a diagnosis of AGE were eligible for enrollment.Two stool samples for each patient were tested for gastrointestinal pathogens.We summarized the clinical severity of episodes,describing the duration of diarrhea,duration and frequency of vomiting,fever.All patients underwent medical evaluation with estimation of dehydration.Results One or more etiological agents were detected in 3595 out of 4728 patients(76.0%),while we did not detect any etiological agent in 1133 (24.0%).Rotavirus was detected in 1889 (40.0%),adenovirus in 412 (8.7 %),norovirus in 309 (6.5 %),verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) in 274 (5.8 %),Salmonella spp.in 276(5.8%),Klebsiella pneumoniae in 123 (2.6%),Shigella spp.in 78 (1.6%),Staphylococcus aureus in 70 (1.5%),C.perfringens in 126(2.7%).In 1370 children out of 4728(29.0%),we found evidence of coinfection.with rotavirus and norovirus was the most common 150 (3.2%),rotavirus and C.perfringens was also common 127(2.7%).Children with coinfection had a more severe clinical presentation.The difference has statistical significance.Conclusion Rotavirus is still the most common pathogen in children with acute diarrhea,followed by NV,adenovirus,Salmonella spp.and VTEC.Rotavirus with norovirus infection was the most common.VTEC combined with three kinds of virus infection had the highest incidence.Children with multiple viral infections were more severe than those of single virus infection in the duration of vomiting and dehydration.There was no significant difference in the duration of fever and diarrhea and the frequency of diarrhea.Children infected by viruses and bacteria had a more severe clinical presentation such as fever,vomiting and diarrhea lasting for a long time,more serious diarrhea and dehydration than those with single bacteria and single virus infection.The difference has no significant difference in degree and duration of diarrhea.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impacts of malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life(OHRQoL) of children.Methods:The study sample comprised 118 children seeking orthodontic treatment.Each participant of the children and parents was assessed by the orthodontic treatment need and OHRQoL using the index of orthodontic treatment need and Michigan-OHRQoL.Results:The objective impacts of the teeth to parents and children were consistent;parents evaluated higher than the children themselves in the subjective impacts of their teeth.The impacts were more influential on the children whose parents with higher income and the parents with higher education.Conclusion:Malocclusion affects the oral health related quality of life evaluated by both the children and their parents.

16.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 29-32, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666738

ABSTRACT

The medical aid policy aimed at reducing medical expense of the poor group,which could not solve impoverished problem effectively.People who lack health ability could not get out of poverty ultimately.Health poverty became the direct reason for low income of residents,which blocked the realization of their rights to health and increased the difficulties to complete the objective of helping the poor by 2020.Medical aid policy was the last line of defense in social security system,therefore,policies to relieve health poverty could combine with medical aid policy.Given this,the destination of medical aid system should tend to combine reducing medical expense and improving health ability of poor people.To ensure the realization of citizen's right to health and reduce illness-related poverty,it needed to improve the system and public health service system,emphasize health education and promote social organization participation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505426

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences and characteristics of the dose distribution of the two optimization methods in the three dimensional brachytherapy,and provide the basis for clinieal treatment.Methods Excel 2007 was used to generate random number.And a total of 21 patients of cervical cancer were selected from those who have completed the treatment.Inverse simulated annealing optimization (IPSA) plans were designed for graphical optimization (GO) plans.The dose volume histogram (DVH) parameters of the targets (V100%,V150%) and the organs (D1 cm3,D2cm3) of the two methods were analyzed.Results The targets dose of both plans could meet the prescription requirements.There was no statistically significant difference in the dose parameters of all targets (P > 0.05).The closes of D1 cm3 and D2cm3 in the bladder of IPSA plan were significantly lower than that of the GO plan (t =3.596,3.490,P < 0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in the dose parameters of rectum (P > 0.05).Conclusions For cervix brachytherapy,the GO and IPSA have no effect on targets dose,but IPSA optimization can reduce the maximum dose of bladder.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503783

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the setup errors of external?beam and intracavitary radiotherapy for cervical cancer based on the data of cone?beam computed tomography ( CBCT) , and to provide a basis for clinical practice. Methods Sixty patients with stage ⅡA?ⅢB cervical cancer who were admitted to our hospital and underwent external?beam and intracavitary radiotherapy from March to June, 2015 were enrolled as subjects. Sixty patients with stage ⅡA?ⅢB cervical cancer undergoing conventional external?beam radiotherapy within the same period were also enrolled. The CBCT?based setup errors, containing setup errors in x, y, and z directions and three?dimensional vector deviation, in the initial treatment were obtained from each patient. Comparison of errors between the two treatment approaches was made by independent?samples t test. Results Fitting the data to a linear model revealed that the setup errors in x, y, and z directions increased with the increase in the distance between the position reference point and the center point of the target volume. External?beam radiation combined with intracavitary radiation had significantly reduced setup errors in x, y, and z directions than the conventional external?beam radiation ( 0.13± 0?12 vs. 0.31± 0?24, P=0?000;0.23±0?18 vs. 0.47±0?36, P=0?001;0.18±0?11 vs. 0.27±0?18, P=0?001). Conclusions In order to reduce the setup errors, CT scan needs not only a reference marker as close as possible to the center of the tumor, but also a reliable and accurate approach for postural fixation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237721

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of Yinghua Pinggan granule (YHPG) against influenza A/H1N1 virus in vivo and on the immunologic function of infected mice. The intranasal influenza virus infection was adopted in ICR mouse to establish the influenza virus pneumonia model. At the 3rd and 7th day after the infection, the lung index and pathologic changes in lung tissues of mice were detected. Realtime PCR and flow cytometry were employed to observe the virus load in lung tissues and the levels of CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood. The result showed that at the 3rd and 7th day after the infection, YHPG (15, 30 g x kg(-1)) can significant decrease in the lung index and virus load in lung tissues of mice infected with influenza virus, alleviate the pathologic changes in lung tissues, significantly increase the levels of CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ ratio and reduce the levels of CD8+ in whole blood. This indicated that YHPG can inhibit the influenza virus replication, alleviate pulmonary damage and adjust the weak immunologic function of infected mice, with a certain therapeutic effect on mice infected by H1N1 virus in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Genetics , Physiology , Influenza, Human , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Virology , Lung , Pathology , Virology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Virus Replication
20.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 473-476, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477887

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) gene 2848G/A polymorphism and primary antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) associated small vasculitis (AAV). Methods A case-control study was performed among 135 patients diagnosed with AAV and 140 disease-free control and we test the serum biochemical parameter. Polymorphism was analyzed by polymerase chain restricted fragments length polymorphism. As for statistic method, according to the character of data, we performed t-test, chi-square test, Spearman grade related analysis and one-way ANOVA. Results ① The frequencies of AA, GG, GA genotype of TLR9 2848 in AAV patients were 14.07%, 38.52%, and 47.71%, respectively; ② Significant increase in IgM was observed in AA genotype than GG+GA genotype in AAV patients (F=4.561, P0.05). Conclusion AA, GA and GG genotypes are detected in TLR9 2848G/A in patients with AAV in Guangxi, without significant correlation with susceptibility to primary AAV in Guangxi.

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