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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of zero-profile anchored spacer (ROI-C) in treating cervical spondylosis with osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#From May 2013 to May 2018, a total of 145 patients with cervical spondylosis were treated by ROI-C through anterior cervical spine approach. Among them, 31 patients were aged ≥60 years and had osteoporosis by bone density measurement, and they were retrospectively analyzed. Including 9 males and 22 females, aged 60-84 years old with an average of (69.12±7.65) years. There were 23 cases of single-segment fusion, 6 cases of two-stage fusion, and 2 cases of three-stage fusion;and 41 devices of ROI-C fusion was placed in the patients. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded;Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores and visual analogue scale(VAS) were respectively used to evaluate the neurological function and neck pain before and after operation. The cervical curvature (expressed as Cobb angle), the height of the intervertebral space at the surgical segment, and the intervertebral fusion were observed at postoperative and follow-up periods were observed by image data.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12-24(15.6±4.4) months after operation. The operation time were from 75 to 113 (101.33±10.25) min and intraoperative blood loss were from 14 to 51 (33.18 ± 16.56) ml. Among these 23 patients with fusion of single segment, the operation time were 75 to 98 (85.47±8.70) min and intraoperative blood loss were 14 to 30(21.18±6.56) ml. JOA scores of all included patients were increased from 9.66±2.12 preoperatively to 14.36±1.24 at the final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#Anterior cervical approach with ROI-C for the treatment of elderly patients with cervical spondylosis and osteoporosis had reliable clinical effect, short operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, and can effectively restore cervical curvature and intervertebral space height, and has advantages of fewer complications and higher successful rate of fusion.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 93-97, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745214

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of multi-modal MRI in the differential diagnosis of pure fibroadenosis and mixed fibroadenosis in the breast. Methods Forty female patients who underwent 3.0 T MRI within 1 week before sugery and confirmed as breast fibroadenosis by pathology in the General Hospital of the PLA Rocket Force from January 2014 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. There were 20 cases of pure fibroadenosis which including mass type and non-tumor type, 10 cases per type. Twenty cases of mixed fibrous adenosis which including 4 cases of mass type and 16 cases of non-mass type. According to the breast imaging reporting and data system-MRI standard, conventional MRI features, time intensity curve (TIC) types and ADC values of the lesions were observed. MRI features and ages of pure fibroadenosis and mixed fibroadenosis were compared using χ2 test (qualitative data) and independent sample t test (quantitative data), P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Statistically significant parameters were then used to perform logistic regression analysis to evaluate predictive value . The efficacy of each MRI parameter in the differential diagnosis of pure fibroadenosis and mixed fibroadenosis was analyzed by ROC. Results Statistically significant differencein the size(P<0.05) but no differences in the shape, T2WI manifestation, marginal, internal enhancement, early enhancement curve, and late enhancement (P>0.05) were observed between pure fibroadenosis and mixed fibroadenosis. There was no significant differences in distribution, internal enhancement, early enhancement curve and late enhancement curve between non-tumor type pure fibroadenosis and mixed fibroadenosis (P>0.05). There were significant differences in age, ADC value and peak signal intensity(P<0.05) while no significant differences in early enhancement rate, maximum enhancement rate and peak time (P>0.05) between patients with pure fibroadenosis and mixed fibroadenosis. Logistic regression analysis suggested that the peak signal intensity was closely related to age. It revealed a positive correlation between ADC value, peak signal intensity and the possibility of mixed fibroadenosis. The regression coefficient value, Wals value, and P value of the ADC value were 3.652, 4.363 and 0.034, respectively. The regression coefficient value, Wals value, and P value of the peak signal intensity were 0.005, 5.463 and 0.019, respectively. The area under ROC curve of ADC value, peak signal intensity, ADC value combined with peak signal intensity were 0.697, 0.701 and 0.786, respectively. Conclusions Significantly differences of peak signal intensity and ADC value were observed in mixed fibroadenosis compared with pure fibroadenosis. The combination of ADC value and peak signal intensity had the highest efficacy in predicting pure and mixed fibroadenosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693445

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) knockdown on chemosensitivity to oxaliplatin in human gastric cancer cell line SGC7901.Methods Small interfering RNA (siRNA) fragments were designed and synthesized for EZH2 mRNA sequence and divided into siRNA-1 group,siRNA-2 group and siRNA-3 group.They were transfected into gastric cancer cell line SGC7901.The negative control group and blank control group were set up at the same time.The expressions of EZH2 mRNA and protein in the SGC7901 cells were detected by quantitative real-time polyme-rase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting.CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell proliferation inhibition rates of SGC7901 cells treated by different concentrations of oxaliplatin.Results After transfection of EZH2 siRNA,the relative expression levels of EZH2 mRNA in siRNA-1 group,siRNA-2 group,siRNA-3 group were 0.615 ±0.190,0.241 ±0.152 and 0.450 ± 0.097.The relative expression levels of EZH2 mRNA of the three groups were lower than that in the negative control group (1.165 ± 0.376),and the differences were statistically significant (P =0.028;P =0.002;P =0.007).After transfection of the best siRNA fragment into SGC7901 gastric cancer cells,the relative expre-ssion levels of EZH2 protein in interference group,blank control group and negative control group were 0.036 ± 0.017,0.362 ± 0.026 and 0.398 ± 0.036,and the diffe-rence among the three groups was statistically significant (F =157.745,P < 0.001).The difference between interference group and negative control group was statistically significant (P =0.001),as compared with the blank control group (P =0.002).When oxaliplatin concentration was 2,4,8 and 16 μg/ml,the differences of cell proliferation inhibition rate among interference group,negative control group and blank control group were statistically significant [(18.107 ± 2.822)%,(5.867±2.272)%,(5.333 ±1.883)%,F=28.185,P=0.001;(54.953 ±2.550)%,(22.177±1.871)%,(20.077±6.032)%,F=74.206,P<0.001;(60.337±1.641)%,(34.597± 3.592)%,(30.227 ±5.273)%,F=54.897,P<0.001;(78.340 ±2.081)%,(61.857 ±3.507)%,(63.077 ± 8.473) %,F =8.586,P =0.017].There was no significant difference among groups of oxaliplatin at the concentration of 32 μg/ml [(83.450 ±3.715)%,(72.190 ±3.948)%,(70.731 ± 17.080)%,F=1.358,P =0.326].The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of oxaliplatin in siRNA group,negative control group and blank control group were 5.178,12.643,13.601 μg/ml.Conclusion Down-regulation of EZH2 gene expression can significantly inhibit the proliferation of gastric cancer cells,and effectively enhance the sensitivity of gastric cancer cells to oxaliplatin,which indicates EZH2 may play important roles in the development of gastric cancer chemotherapy.These results provide an important theoretical basis for gene therapy of gastric cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the difference in the effectiveness between proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and proximal femoral locking compression plate (PFLCP) for intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients combined with hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction. Methods: The clinical data of 67 cases of intertrochanteric femoral fractures combined with hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction between October 2013 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 32 cases were treated with PFNA internal fixation (PFNA group), and 35 cases were treated with PFLCP internal fixation (PFLCP group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, injury side, modified Evans classification of fracture, preoperative medical disease, and interval from injury to operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative bed time, incidence of perioperative complications, time of fracture healing, and hip Harris score at 6 months and 1 year after operation were recorded and compared. Results: Both groups were followed up 12-24 months with an average of 14 months. Compared with the PFLCP group, the PFNA group had shorter operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, and shorter bed time, and the differences were significant ( P0.05); However, the joint deformity and activity score of the PFNA group was significantly better than that of the PFLCP group ( t=4.112, P=0.000). Conclusion: For intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients with cerebral infarction hemiplegia, the PFNA has shorter operative time, less intraoperative blood loss, shorter bed time after operation, and better short-term hip function when compared with the PFLCP.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311548

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM)is a kind of plasma tumor originated from B cell line. Its incidence ranks in second place of hematopoietic malignancies. Although continued progress was made in treatment of MM,the survival rate and prognosis of MM patients are still not satisfactory. Further understanding of the pathogenesis of MM may provide information to develop new treatment strategies, so as to improve survival rate and ameliorate its prognosis. Many researches have demonstrated that bone marrow microenvironment plays an important role in MM pathogenesis, which regulates the biological properties of MM cells, including migration and proliferation, through miRNA, mRNA and protein contained in the exosomes released from the cells in the tumor microenvironment. Recently, as the tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes, exosomal microRNA become a hot spot in research. Compared with those of the normal ones, exosomes in MM have less miR-15a and/or more miR-135b and miR-21. These differences will accelerate the progression of MM via PI3K/Akt/eNOS/VEGF pathway, FIH-HIF pathway, MAPK/ERK/Ras pathway and so on, that are expected to become the new targets for the treatment of MM. This review summarizes the role and the possible mechanism of exosomes in the progression of MM.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1255-1258, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301741

ABSTRACT

More and more studies have demonstrated that bone marrow microenvironment, the fundament of the multiplication and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells, plays a crucial role in leukemia progression and resistance to treatment. It provides a permissive environment for minimal residual disease and contributes to relapse and multidrug resistance. Mesenchymal stem cells are a kind of important stromal cells in bone marrow niche. In recent researches, MSC have been shown to be one of the major factors modulating the biological features of leukemia cells. The cross-talk between MSC and leukemia cells can take place not only by direct contact, but also by exosome exchange. Exosomes are nano-sized vesicles released by a variety of cells, which contain protein, RNA and mRNA. They are effective tools for transportation between cells, and play an important role in many physiological and pathological processes. Exosome is a new topic in the research of leukemia and microenvironment. The exosome research will help elucidate the mechanism of leukemia, thus providing new ideas for the treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658015

ABSTRACT

Objective · To investigate the impacts of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection on the metabolomic phenotype of HepG2 human hepatoma cells.Methods · With gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), metabolite composition of HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells (derived from HepG2 cells transfected with a plasmid containing HBV) were analysed. Results · GC-MS analysis mainly found 34 metabolites in both HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells,including glycine (Gly), alanine (Ala), valine (Val), leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), proline (Pro), serine (Ser), threonine (Thr), methionine (Met), cysteine (Cys), cystine, aspartic acid (Asp), glutamic acid (Glu), pyroglutamic acid, phenylalanine (Phe), tyrosine (Tyr), tryptophan (Trp), hypoxanthine, uracil,myo-inositol, lactic acid, succinic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, urea, cholesterol, etc. These metabolites were involved in multiple metabolic pathways including glycolysis and metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids, purines and pyrimidines. Compared with HepG2 cells,HepG2.2.15 cells had significantly higher levels in lactic acid, linolenic acid, Ala and Cys, but lower levels in Leu, Ile, Val, Phe, Met, Trp, Pro, Tyr, myoinositol and uracil. Conclusion · HBV infection dysregulates the metabolism of amino acids and fatty acids in hepatocytes. GC-MS analysis provides complimentary information about HBV-induced metabolic changes of host cells.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660677

ABSTRACT

Objective · To investigate the impacts of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection on the metabolomic phenotype of HepG2 human hepatoma cells.Methods · With gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), metabolite composition of HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells (derived from HepG2 cells transfected with a plasmid containing HBV) were analysed. Results · GC-MS analysis mainly found 34 metabolites in both HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 cells,including glycine (Gly), alanine (Ala), valine (Val), leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), proline (Pro), serine (Ser), threonine (Thr), methionine (Met), cysteine (Cys), cystine, aspartic acid (Asp), glutamic acid (Glu), pyroglutamic acid, phenylalanine (Phe), tyrosine (Tyr), tryptophan (Trp), hypoxanthine, uracil,myo-inositol, lactic acid, succinic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, urea, cholesterol, etc. These metabolites were involved in multiple metabolic pathways including glycolysis and metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids, purines and pyrimidines. Compared with HepG2 cells,HepG2.2.15 cells had significantly higher levels in lactic acid, linolenic acid, Ala and Cys, but lower levels in Leu, Ile, Val, Phe, Met, Trp, Pro, Tyr, myoinositol and uracil. Conclusion · HBV infection dysregulates the metabolism of amino acids and fatty acids in hepatocytes. GC-MS analysis provides complimentary information about HBV-induced metabolic changes of host cells.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 378-383, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737650

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the genotypes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) circulating in intravenous drug users (IDUs) in Pudong new district,Shanghai,and explore the population growth and selection pressure of the HCV strains isolated.Methods A total of 200 serum specimens sampled from IDUs in local methadone maintenance treatment clinic in Pudong were used for amplification of a HCV NS5B 377-nt partial sequence.Mean evolutionary rate and effective number of infections were estimated based on the 377-nt partial sequences of the HCV strains isolated from IDUs and isolated contemporarily from local voluntary blood donors,men who have sex with men and reported hepatitis C cases by using BEAST software.Selection pressure sites were identified with online Datamonkey software for subsequent comparison with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drug binding sites.Results A total of 39 (19.5%) serum specimens were positive for HCV RNA.The genotypes were determined based on the HCV NS5B 377-nt partial sequences as follows:subtype 3a (n=14),3b (n=13),lb (n=7),6a (n=4) and 6n (n=1).The partial sequences of the HCV strains isolated in IDUs shared high homology with the sequences of the HCV strains isolated in other populations.The Bayesian Skyline Plot indicated that the estimated infections with HCV subtype 1b increased exponentially during the 1990s,whereas that of subtypes 3a and 3b increased slowly since the mid-1990s.In the NS5B 377-nt partial sequences of the HCV strains isolated in IDUs,there were two positive selection sites and seventy-eight negative selection sites recognized.The mutation rate was as low as 2.2% in the 377-nt partial sequences corresponding to the known seven DAA drug binding sites.Conclusions HCV subtype 3a and 3b were the predominant genotypes in the IDUs in Pudong.Subtype lb was prevalent in different populations and evolved very rapidly,and more infections might be caused,suggesting further attention to its prevention,control and treatment.Although DAA treatment based on HCV NS5B binding sites targeting local IDUs might be effective,it is still necessary to strengthen the surveillance.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 378-383, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736182

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the genotypes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) circulating in intravenous drug users (IDUs) in Pudong new district,Shanghai,and explore the population growth and selection pressure of the HCV strains isolated.Methods A total of 200 serum specimens sampled from IDUs in local methadone maintenance treatment clinic in Pudong were used for amplification of a HCV NS5B 377-nt partial sequence.Mean evolutionary rate and effective number of infections were estimated based on the 377-nt partial sequences of the HCV strains isolated from IDUs and isolated contemporarily from local voluntary blood donors,men who have sex with men and reported hepatitis C cases by using BEAST software.Selection pressure sites were identified with online Datamonkey software for subsequent comparison with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drug binding sites.Results A total of 39 (19.5%) serum specimens were positive for HCV RNA.The genotypes were determined based on the HCV NS5B 377-nt partial sequences as follows:subtype 3a (n=14),3b (n=13),lb (n=7),6a (n=4) and 6n (n=1).The partial sequences of the HCV strains isolated in IDUs shared high homology with the sequences of the HCV strains isolated in other populations.The Bayesian Skyline Plot indicated that the estimated infections with HCV subtype 1b increased exponentially during the 1990s,whereas that of subtypes 3a and 3b increased slowly since the mid-1990s.In the NS5B 377-nt partial sequences of the HCV strains isolated in IDUs,there were two positive selection sites and seventy-eight negative selection sites recognized.The mutation rate was as low as 2.2% in the 377-nt partial sequences corresponding to the known seven DAA drug binding sites.Conclusions HCV subtype 3a and 3b were the predominant genotypes in the IDUs in Pudong.Subtype lb was prevalent in different populations and evolved very rapidly,and more infections might be caused,suggesting further attention to its prevention,control and treatment.Although DAA treatment based on HCV NS5B binding sites targeting local IDUs might be effective,it is still necessary to strengthen the surveillance.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1901-1904, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311605

ABSTRACT

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a disease originated from malignant hematopoietic stem cell disorder. In CML, mesenchymal stem cells(MSC) have been changed in the bone marrow microenvironment, which can protect the leukemia cells from apoptosis induced by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and lead to the resistance to TKI by the secretion of soluble factors, involvement in cell-cell adhesion, and so on. This review mainly focuses on the changes of the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in CML, as well as the role and mechanism of MSC in the CML resistance of TKI. The concrete probrems dicussing in this review are role of MSC in bone marrow microenviroment, characteristics of MSC in CML, the related mechanisms of MSC in drug resistance and so on.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465526

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBy observing and comparing the effect of wheat-sized moxibustion on the quality of life and interleukin (IL)-10 expression in stageⅢ~Ⅳtumor patients of two different traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) patterns by using QLQ-C30 questionnaire, to see whether wheat-sized moxibustion can improve the quality of life, regulate oncology-related immune system, and enhance the survival rate of the stageⅢ~Ⅳtumor patients.MethodForty-two tumor patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group and were differentiated into TCM patterns. The treatment group was intervened by conventional Chinese and Western medicine plus 2 weeks of wheat-sized moxibustion. QLQ-C30 questionnaire was adopted for evaluation before and after treatment, and peripheral blood was drawn to detect the expression of IL-10.ResultWheat-sized moxibustion improved the quality of life, especially fatigueand poor appetite; the expression of IL-10 dropped after wheat-sized moxibustion.Conclusion Wheat-sized moxibustion can improve the quality of life of the tumor patients and down-regulate the expression of IL-10.

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1234-1237, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464389

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of albuminuria in type 2 diabetes nephropathy patients. Methods 870 hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in the study. The patients were divided into normal buminuria group (n = 634) and persistent albuminuria group (n = 236) according to the 24h urinary albumin excretion. Diabetic chronic complication and related biochemical indicators were analyzed. Independent risk factors associated with diabetic nephropathy were analyzed. Results The differences in duration of diabetes, age, SBP, DBP, Hb, HbA1C, UA, TG, CHOL-C, HDL-C, diabetic retinopathy (DR), cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease were statistically significant between two groups (P < 0.01). Regression analysis showed that independent risk factors of albuminuria of DN included duration of diabetes, SBP, Hb, UA, TG and DR. Conclusions Such risk factors of duration of diabetes, SBP, UA, TG, Hb and DR may be associated with the occurrence and severity of albuminuria of DN.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478840

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of treating glioma in combination with drugs multiply by comparing the size of tumor and the survival time of different groups in rat glioma after targeted blood-brain barrier (BBB ) disruption by MRI-guided focused ultrasound.Methods The stereotaxis instruments and the 10 μl gas-tight syringes were used to inject gliosarcoma cells into the targeted area of the brain in 50 male Sprague-Dawley rats.The glioma-bearing rat model was established.Each rat received either:(1 )no treatment (control;n =8);(2)single liposomal doxorubicin (DOX;n = 10);(3)multiple DOX (n =10);(4)single Avastin (AVS)and DOX (n =10);(5)multiple AVS and DOX (n =10).The SonoVue microbubble ultrasonic contrast agent and DOX or AVS were injected into the tail vein respectively on day 12 after implantation.The tumor size was measured by MRI on pre-treatment,immediacy and once a week of post-treatment after targeted BBB disruption by focused ultrasound,and the life span in rat glioma was recorded.Results The mediam survival of different groups in rat glioma(The range of the life span 13-90 d):no treatment (7 d);single DOX (12 d);multiple DOX (1 5 d);single AVS + DOX (22 d), multiple AVS+ DOX (30 d).There was significant difference of the groups on mediam survival comparison (P < 0.01 ).The tumor growth pattern after post-treatment of different groups in rat glioma except control:single DOX was noticeable fast and multiple AVS+DOX was visibly delayed comparable to other groups,and finally the tumor size of multiple AVS + DOX even became small.Conclusions The microbubble blasting enhances the local tissue permeability and promotes the drug delivery of chemotherapy and anti-angiogenesis locally in glioma-bearing rats by MRI-guided focused ultrasound.Especially,the combination with drugs multiply has a synergism efficacy that may enhance the effectiveness of chemotherapy,reduce tumor growth,and even become small of the tumor size,and increase survival time significantly after BBB disruption.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468581

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze risk factors for diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in inpatients with type 2 diabetes.Methods A total of 930 inpatients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in the study and grouped according to different levels of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),albuminuria,and diabetic retinopathy.Logistic regression analysis was adopted to explore the risk factors for DKD in inpatients with type 2 diabetes.Results (1) The prevalence of albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was increased with declining eGFR (P < 0.05).(2) The prevalences of DKD and non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were 22.26% and 8.92%,respectively.Compared with patients with NDRD,patients with DKD had longer diabetic duration,higher levels of systolic blood pressure,serum creatinine,and urinary albumin excretion,and lower levels of hemoglobin[(125.40 ± 21.95 vs 138.18 ± 19.67) g/L],serum albumin[(37.45 ± 5.54 vs 40.55 ± 3.55) g/L],and eGFR[(89.66 (59.10-108.25) vs 103.15 (85.39-114.88) ml · min-1 · (1.73 m2)-1,all P<0.05].(3) Logistic regression analysis showed that age,diabetic duration,systolic blood pressure,serum uric acid,diabetic retinopathy,and hypertension are the independent risk factors for diabetic kidney disease in inpatients with type 2 diabetes,while serum albumin was the protective factor (all P<0.01).Conclusions A variety of clinic risk factors were associated with DKD.Better control of blood pressure,serum uric acid,and hypoalbuminemia should be performed to delay the progress of DKD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Zuogui pill, Yougui pill and the relative compositions on the differentiation towards germ cells of stem cells.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The rat drug sera for Zuogui pill, Yougui pill and the common composition of Zuogui pill and Yougui pill were prepared respectively as the experimental drugs; the mouse embryonic stem cell 1B10 (MESC-1B10) was used as the representative of stem cells; the above rat drug sera were used to intervene MESC-1B10 and the process was traced by microscopy imaging; after 72 h of the intervention, the RNAs were extracted from the different intervened MESC-1B10, cDNAs were synthesized immediately and finally the Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to measure the expression patterns of the 10 reproductive-differentiation-related genes for each intervention.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The rat drug serum of Zuogui pill (ZGW-RS) significantly up-regulated Oct-4 and SCP3 and significantly down-regulated GDF-9 and Stra8; the rat drug serum of Yougui pill (ZGW-RS) significantly up-regulated Oct-4, GDF-9, Mvh and SCP3 and significantly down-regulated Stra8, Itga6 and Itgb1; the rat drug sera for the common composition of Zuogui pill and Yougui pill (ZGWYGW-RS) significantly up-regulated Oct-4, SCP3 and ZP3 and significantly down-regulated GDF-9, Stra8, Itga6 and Itgb1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ZGW-RS can initiate the change towards meiosis, but can not start the reproductive differentiation of MESC-1B10; YGW-RS can initiate the change towards meiosis, and can also start the reproductive differentiation of MESC-1B10 towards female germ cells; ZGWYGW-RS can initiate the change towards meiosis, and can lightly start the reproductive differentiation of MESC-1B10 towards female germ cells but the inductive effect is smaller than YGW-RS. The experimental results, on one hand, strengthen the knowledge about the influence of the relative compositions of Zuogui pill and Yougui pill on the reproductive differentiation of stem cells, on the other hand, help to explain the mechanism of the treatment of the infertility by Zuogui pill and Yougui pill.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Female , Germ Cells , Cell Biology , Infertility , Drug Therapy , Male , Mice , NIH 3T3 Cells , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462378

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of treating glioma in combination of two kinds of drugs by comparing the size of tumors and the survival time of different groups in rat glioma after targeted blood‐brain barrier (BBB) disruption by focused ultrasound under MRI‐guide. Methods The stereotaxis instruments and the 10 μl gas‐tight syringes were used to inject gliosarcoma cells into the targeted area of the brain in 40 male Sprague‐Dawley rats. The glioma‐bearing rats models were established. Rats were divided into 4 groups to receive different treatment :(1) no treatment (control, n = 8), (2) IV Avastin (Avastin only, n =10), (3) IV liposomal doxorubicin (DOX only, n =10), (4) IV Avastin and liposomal doxorubicin (Avastin+DOX, n =10). The SonoVue microbubbles and DOX or Avastin were injected into the tail vein respectively on the 12th day after implantation. The tumor size was measured by MRI on immediacy, once a week after targeted BBB disruption by focused ultrasound, and the life span in rat glioma was recorded. Results The average survival time of different groups in rat glioma was as follows :no treatment(17 ± 4)d, Avastin(20 ± 4)d, DOX(25 ± 5)d, DOX+ Avastin(40 ± 5)d. The tumor size after post‐treatment of different groups in rat glioma was as follows :no treatment(5 7.0 ± 4 3.0)mm, Avastin(4 3.0 ± 2 5.0)mm, DOX(4 1.2 ± 3 1.0)mm, DOX + Avastin(2. 20 ± 1. 30)mm. There was significant increased in average survival time and decreased in tumor size after a combination treatment DOX+ Avastin compared with other groups( P < 0 0.1). Conclusions The microbubble blasting by MRI‐guided focused ultrasound enhances the local tissue permeability and promotes the drug delivery of chemotherapy and anti‐angiogenesis locally in glioma‐bearing rats. Especially, the combination of two kinds of drugs has a synergism efficacy that may reduce tumor growth and increase survival time significantly after BBB disruption.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458238

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the apoptosis induction of Bullatacin on A549 cell line of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Methods The MTT assay was used to detect the growth inhibition rates of A549 cells cultured with Bullatacin in different concentrations (6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, 100μg/mL). 25μg/mL Bullatacin was used to culture A549 cells for 0, 12, 24, 48 h. The cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were measured by flow cytemetry. The protein expressions of ERK, JNK, and p38 were studied by Western blot. Results Dosage dependence was obviously showed after the different concentrations of Bullatacin were used to A549, and 25 μg/mL;Bullatacin blocked A549 cell in G0/G1 periods and induced its apoptosis. Compared with the blank group, protein expressions of P-ERK, P-JNK, and P-p38 were all increased by different degrees. Conclusion Bullatacin significantly inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of A549 cell. Its mechanism is related to activity of MAPK pathway thought the phosphorylation of the three protein kinases by Bullatacin.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232715

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To test the hypothesis that psoralen induces rat mesenchymal stem cells (RMSCs) to differentiate towards male germ cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RMSCs were induced by psoralen at the final concentration of 3.0 µg/ml, and the morphological changes of the cells were detected microscopically and the cell proliferation changes were measured by MTT assay. The expressions of 7 representative marker genes of male germ cells, namely Oct-4, Stra8, RVLG, SCP3, TNP2, Itgb1, and Itga6, were investigated in the induced cells by real-time quantitative PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RMSCs showed no obvious morphological changes after induction with 3.0 µg/ml psoralen for 72 h. Psoralen induction for 5 days did not significantly affect the proliferation of RMSCs; Psoralen induction for 72 h, however, significantly up-regulated the genes Oct-4, Stra8, SCP3, and Itgb1 (P<0.05) without affecting the expressions of the genes RVLG, TNP2, or Itga6 (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Psoralen may participate in the differentiation of RMSCs towards male germ cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Ficusin , Pharmacology , Germ Cells , Cell Biology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Rats , Up-Regulation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275881

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of maternal decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) exposure on the sexual development in male offspring rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three BDE-209 exposure groups and one control group. The three BDE-209 exposure groups were given BDE-209 (100, 300, and 900 mg/kg) by gavage on gestational days 12∼18, and the control group was given corn oil. The body weight and body length of each newborn male rat was measured at postnatal days 4, 10, 16, and 21. Twelve newborn male rats were randomly selected from each group; anogenital distance was measured at postnatal day 21, serum testosterone was measured, and the organ coefficient of testis was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The newborn male rats in all exposure groups showed declining trends in body weight and body length compared with those in the control group, and the 900 mg/kg BDE-209 exposure group had significantly lower body weight and body length than the control group at postnatal days 4, 10,16, and 21 (P < 0.01). At postnatal day 21, the 100, 300, and 900 mg/kg BDE-209 exposure groups had anogenital distances of 17.82±2.35 mm, 16.32±1.66 mm, and 15.80±1.34 mm, respectively, demonstrating a significant decrease with increased exposure dose (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was found when comparing these values with that of the control group (16.64±2.38 mm) (P > 0.05). There were no significant differences in serum testosterone and organ coefficients of testis and epididymis between the control group and BDE-209 exposure groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Maternal exposure to BDE-209 has adverse effect on the growth of male offspring rats, but it leads to no significant changes in sexual development.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers , Toxicity , Male , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Rats , Sexual Development
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