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1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1525-1536, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894797

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility of cine three-dimensional (3D) balanced steady-state free precession (b-SSFP) imaging combined with a non-local means (NLM) algorithm for image denoising in evaluating cardiac function in children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). @*Materials and Methods@#Thirty-five patients with rTOF (mean age, 12 years; range, 7–18 years) were enrolled to undergo cardiac cine image acquisition, including two-dimensional (2D) b-SSFP, 3D b-SSFP, and 3D b-SSFP combined with NLM. End-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume (SV), and ejection fraction (EF) of the two ventricles were measured and indexed by body surface index. Acquisition time and image quality were recorded and compared among the three imaging sequences. @*Results@#3D b-SSFP with denoising vs. 2D b-SSFP had high correlation coefficients for EDV, ESV, SV, and EF of the left (0.959– 0.991; p < 0.001) as well as right (0.755–0.965; p < 0.001) ventricular metrics. The image acquisition time ± standard deviation (SD) was 25.1 ± 2.4 seconds for 3D b-SSFP compared with 277.6 ± 0.7 seconds for 2D b-SSFP, indicating a significantly shorter time with the 3D than the 2D sequence (p < 0.001). Image quality score was better with 3D b-SSFP combined with denoising than with 3D b-SSFP (mean ± SD, 3.8 ± 0.6 vs. 3.5 ± 0.6; p = 0.005). Signal-to-noise ratios for blood and myocardium as well as contrast between blood and myocardium were higher for 3D b-SSFP combined with denoising than for 3D b-SSFP (p < 0.05 for all but septal myocardium). @*Conclusion@#The 3D b-SSFP sequence can significantly reduce acquisition time compared to the 2D b-SSFP sequence for cine imaging in the evaluation of ventricular function in children with rTOF, and its quality can be further improved by combining it with an NLM denoising method.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888176

ABSTRACT

Leaves of Euryale ferox are rich in anthocyanins. Anthocyanin synthesis is one of the important branches of the flavonoid synthesis pathway, in which flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase(F3'H) can participate in the formation of important intermediate products of anthocyanin synthesis. According to the data of E. ferox transcriptome, F3'H cDNA sequence was cloned in the leaves of E. ferox and named as EfF3'H. The correlation between EfF3'H gene expression and synthesis of flavonoids was analyzed by a series of bioinforma-tics tools and qRT-PCR. Moreover, the biological function of EfF3'H was verified by the heterologous expression in yeast. Our results showed that EfF3'H comprised a 1 566 bp open reading frame which encoded a hydrophilic transmembrane protein composed of 521 amino acid residues. It was predicted to be located in the plasma membrane. Combined with predictive analysis of conserved domains, this protein belongs to the cytochrome P450(CYP450) superfamily. The qRT-PCR results revealed that the expression level of EfF3'H was significantly different among different cultivars and was highly correlated with the content of related flavonoids in the leaves. Eukaryotic expression studies showed that EfF3'H protein had the biological activity of converting kaempferol to quercetin. In this study, EfF3'H cDNA was cloned from the leaves of E. ferox for the first time, and the biological function of the protein was verified. It provi-ded a scientific basis for further utilizing the leaves of E. ferox and laid a foundation for the further analysis of the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids in medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Anthocyanins , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptome
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1063-1069, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886991

ABSTRACT

Abnormal aggregation of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in brain plays a vital role in the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hence, inhibiting Aβ aggregation is one major tactic for therapy of AD. Previous studies have found that tolcapone can inhibit Aβ42 aggregation and reduce the cytotoxicity induced by Aβ42 aggregates, but clinical studies have found that tolcapone has strong liver toxicity. To reduce the liver toxicity of tolcapone, its side chain structure was modified to obtain its derivative phenethyl (E)-2-cyano-3-(3,4 dihydroxy-5-nitrobenzene)-acrylate (PCDNA). Thioflavin T (ThT) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) assays were used to explore the inhibitory effect of PCDNA on Aβ42 fibrillogenesis. The cytotoxicity assays were used to explore the inhibitory effect of PCDNA against the cytotoxicity induced by Aβ42 aggregates. In addition, the depolymerization effect of PCDNA on mature Aβ42 fibrils was also explored. Finally, molecular docking was used to explore the interaction between PCDNA and Aβ42 pentamer. These results lay the foundation for the study of the structural analogues of tolcapone as Aβ inhibitors.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1100-1108, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886980

ABSTRACT

The structure and diversity of the intestinal flora in rats exposed to high altitude hypoxia was investigated. Animal experiments strictly follow the regulations of Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Qinghai University, School of Medicine. SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a moderate altitude hypoxia group, and a high altitude hypoxia group. The pH value of the feces was measured and histopathological changes in the small intestine were determined by HE staining, and the intestinal flora were characterized by 16S rDNA high throughput sequencing technology on the 3rd, 7th, 15th, and 30th day of hypoxia exposure. Compared with the control group, the fecal pH value of rats in the moderate altitude hypoxia group and the high altitude hypoxia group was decreased significantly. The lamina propria and submucosa capillaries were slightly dilated and congested on the 3rd day in the moderate altitude hypoxia group. In the high altitude hypoxia group the submembrane capillaries were dilated and congested, the lamina propria of the mucosa showed mild edema, and the lymphatic vessels were dilated on the 7th day. The composition and diversity of intestinal flora in these rats changed significantly with prolonged exposure to the high altitude hypoxic environment. A total of 35 phyla, 87 classes, 205 orders, 337 families, 638 genera, and 256 species were annotated in the three groups of rats, including Firmicutes, Clostridia, Clostridiales, Ruminococcaceae, Akkermansia, and Lactobacillus_murinus. Compared with the control group, the intestinal flora of the hypoxic groups showed the most significant changes by the 15th day. There were 9 microbiota of gut microorganisms with relative abundance in the moderate altitude hypoxia group, of which Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group bacteria was the most common, there were 19 different microbiota of gut microorganisms with higher relative abundance in the high altitude hypoxia group, of which Ruminococcaceae bacteria was the most common. The results of this study indicate significant changes in the intestinal flora with high altitude hypoxia, and establish a foundation for further research on the initiation and development of diseases and drug metabolism in high altitude hypoxia.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 168-173, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expressions of miRNA-17-92 (miR-17-92) cluster and mitofusin 2 (MFN2) protein in endometrial cancer (EC) and their clinical significances.Methods:A total of 72 EC tissues, 36 endometrial lesions of patients with endometrial atypical hyperplasia, and 22 normal endometrial tissues from total hysterectomy for grade Ⅲ cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from January 2008 to December 2014 were collected; at the same time, all patients' paraffin-embedded tissues were collected. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression level of miR-17-92 in each tissue. Immunohistochemical SP method was used to detect the localization and expression level of MFN2 protein in each paraffin-embedded tissue. The correlation of miR-17-92 and MFN2 protein with clinicopathological features of EC patients was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve of patients with different miR-17-92 and MFN2 levels, and log-rank test was made; Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multivariate survival analysis.Results:The relative expression of miR-17-92 in EC, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrial tissues were 1.49±0.46, 1.01±0.30 and 0.69±0.20, respectively. The expression of miR-17-92 in EC tissues was higher than that in the other endometrial tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.01). The high-expression rates of MFN2 protein in EC, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrial tissues were 20.8% (15/72), 39.4% (13/33) and 85.0% (17/20); the high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in EC tissue was lower than that in the other endometrial tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.012 5). In EC patients, the relative expression of miR-17-92 in patients with histological type Ⅱ was higher than that in patients with histological type Ⅰ ( P < 0.05); the relative expression of miR-17-92 in patients with myometrial invasion depth ≥1/2 were higher than that in patients with myometrial invasion depth <1/2 ( P < 0.05). The high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in patients with histological type Ⅰ was higher than that in patients with histological type Ⅱ ( P < 0.05); the high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) grade Ⅰ was higher than that in patients with FIGO grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ ( P < 0.05). When the EC patients were grouped according to the median relative expression of miR-17-92 (1.421), Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the median overall survival (OS) time of the miR-17-92 low-expression group (36 cases) was not reached, and the high-expression group (36 cases) was 36 months (95% CI 32-42 months), and the difference in OS between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.049); the median OS time of the MFN2 high-expression group (15 cases) was not reached, and the low-expression group (57 cases) was 38 months (95% CI 33-41 months), and the difference in OS between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.046). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the expression levels of miR-17-92 and MFN2 were independent influencing factors for the survival of EC patients ( HR = 3.10, 95% CI 1.36-7.07, P = 0.007; HR = 0.30, 95% CI 0.09-0.99, P = 0.048). Conclusion:The high-expression of miR-17-92 and low-expression of MFN2 protein in EC tissues may be involved in the occurrence and development of EC, and they can be used as indicators for judging the prognosis of EC patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885983

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the time-effect relationship of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea (PD) due to stagnation and congelation of cold-damp, thus explore the optimal choice of moxibustion duration, and provide evidence for achieving satisfactory efficacy in moxibustion treatment. Methods: A total of 90 patients with PD due to stagnatin and congelation of cold-damp were divided into three groups by the random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. All the patients in the three groups were given moxibustion treatment at Guanyuan (CV 4), 20 min in group A, 40 min in group B and 60 min in group C. The changes in the pain measurement score in the three groups were observed after treatment. Results: After treatment, there were significant differences in the clinical efficacy among the three groups (P<0.05); the clinical efficacy was better in group B and group C than that in group A (P<0.05), and that in group B was better than that in group C (P<0.05). Besides, the pain measurement score changed significantly after treatment in the three groups (all P<0.05), and the between-group differences were also statistically significant (P<0.05); the pain measurement scores in group B and group C were lower than that in group A (P<0.05), and that in group B was lower than that in group C (P<0.05). Conclusion: Given the same stimulating frequency and intervention time of moxibustion, 40-minute duration demonstrates relatively better efficacy for PD due to stagnation and congelation of cold-damp.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 157-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of fibula flap in the repair of large segment of composite tissue defect in upper limb.Methods:From April, 2015 to June, 2019, 7 patients with large composite tissue defects in upper limbs were treated. All of them with various skin, vessel, nerve, tendon and other tissue defects. Repairing was well planned before surgery according to the type, location and size of defect. While in repairing of the bone and skin defect, fibula flap was taken from the shank and to repair the defects of nerve, tendon and vessels in upper limb. Regular followed-ups were made after surgery.Results:The 7 fibula flaps all survived. Postoperative follow-up ranged between 8 to 36 (averaged of 15) months. All the reconstructed limbs were in satisfactory appearance and function recovery. All the patients were able to manage their daily activities and live independently. The shape and function of donor sites were good. According to the Enneking system, the outcomes were graded as excellent in 4 cases and good in 3, with the average score was 25.9 points.Conclusion:Free grafting of vascularised fibula flap is especially feasible to be used in the repair of large bone tissue defect of upper limb. It repairs the defects of skin, vessel, nerve and tendon with the flap from a single donor site.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885151

ABSTRACT

A 49-year-old male was admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital presented with fever for more than half a year. The patient was diagnosed as Sjogren′s syndrome at local hospital. After oral prednisone 60 mg per day was given, the fever alleviated, but recurred after prednisone tapered to 40 mg/d. Both blood culture and stool culture were positive for Salmonella enteritidis. Antibiotics including ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cilastatin-imipenem were sequentially administrated for 4 weeks, yet not effective. Although there were not respiratory symptoms or certain abnormalities on high-resolution chest CT, arterial blood gas indicated hypoxemia. Serum lactate dehydrogenase and β2 micro-globulin were elevated, and the lung function test demonstrated significant impairment of diffusion function. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)scan suggested that high fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was diffusely seen in both lungs. The patient was finally diagnosed as pulmonary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) by transbronchial lung biopsy. This case aims to emphasize the differentiation diagnoses of pulmonary intravascular lymphoma from common situations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the hub differentially expressed genes(DEGs)of glomerular pathological changes and potential pathways in molecular process of type 2 diabetic nephropathy(DN)based on bioinformatics technology.Methods:The differentially expressed genes of Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO)dataset GSE96804 in DN and normal kidney tissues were analyzed by R 3.6.2 software. DEGs were further assessed by Gene Ontology(GO)function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)signal pathway analysis. Subsequently, the hub genes and their associated pathways were analyzed using String 11.0 and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software.Results:A total of 168 DEGs were obtained in the dataset. Among them, seven hub genes were identified, including ALB, FN1, EGF, PTGS2, PLG, KDR, and LOX. Three hub genes, ALB, EGF, PLG, exerted a direct action on glomerulus. GO enrichment analysis of DEGs was mainly manifested in extracellular matrix organization, extracellular structure organization, platelet degranulation and other biological processes, extracellular matrix, secretory granule lumen, platelet alpha granule and other cell components, chaperone binding, copper ion binding, antioxidant activity, and other molecular functions. DEGs mainly regulated metabolic process, which was related to fatty acid degradation signal pathway, exogenous substance metabolism related to CYP enzyme and drug metabolism signal pathway.Conclusion:A bioinformatics analysis of DN from the perspective of glomerulopathy is helpful to understand the potential molecular mechanism of DN and provide reference for further validation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 232-236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the attitudes of Chinese medical students toward the elderly and their willingness to practice in geriatrics, and to investigate the influence of geriatrics education on their attitudes.Methods:Medical students studying diagnostics in four medical universities were enrolled in a cross-sectional survey and, for the intervention study, graduate trainees from non-geriatrics specialties taking a geriatrics course were interviewed before and after the course.An electronic questionnaire was used to collect general information, the experience of interacting with the elderly, attitudes towards the elderly and the willingness to develop careers in geriatric medicine.Changes in attitudes towards the elderly and their willingness to practice in geriatrics before and after the 40-hour geriatric medicine course were compared.Results:A total of 648 medical students completed the cross-sectional survey, with the highest score in compassion for the elderly(3.54±0.54)and the lowest score for medical services for elderly patients(3.36±0.78). Only 2.2%(14/648)of the students showed strong interest in geriatric medicine.The results of the intervention from 42 graduate trainees showed that the average scores of revised Geriatric Attitude Scale(r-GAS)were 3.80±0.43 and 3.92±0.40 before and after the course, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant( t=2.148, P=0.038). At the end of the course, 7 trainees(16.7%, 7/42)showed great interest in geriatrics, significantly different from 2 trainees(4.8%, 2/42)before the course( χ2=8.211, P=0.025). Conclusions:Chinese medical students show a serious lack of interest in geriatrics, and geriatrics education can improve their attitudes towards the elderly and their willingness to work in geriatrics.With the rapid population aging in China, it is urgent to strengthen the education of geriatric medicine.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate arthrography-assisted reduction in minimally invasive treatment of tibial plateau fractures.Methods:From January to May 2019, 9 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated by arthrography-assisted minimally invasive surgery at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hong-Hui Hospital. They were 6 males and 3 females with an average age of 45.5 years (from 27 to 63 years). According to the Schatzker classification, there were 6 cases of type Ⅱ, one of type Ⅲ and 2 cases of type Ⅳ. Arthrography was used to determine the lowest filling point of contrast medium after intra-articular injection and to ensure satisfactory reduction of articular surface after fracture reduction and bone grafting, followed by minimally invasive percutaneous plate implantation. Comparisons were made between preoperation and 6 months postoperation in the range of knee motion and knee scores of The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). Knee X-ray films were evaluated by the Rasmussen imaging system at 6 months postoperation. Collapse of articular surface was recorded pre- and post-operation as well as postoperative complications.Results:All the 9 patients were followed up for 6 to 9 months (average, 7 months). All patients achieved bony union within 12 weeks postoperation. The preoperative knee flexion (60.7°±13.1°) and HSS (51.9±5.7) were significantly improved to 122.4°±10.8° and 84.9±5.3 at 6 months postoperation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between preoperation and 6 months postoperation in knee extension (4.4°±2.5° versus 4.6°±2.9°) ( P>0.05). The collapse of articular surface was improved from preoperative 9.5 mm (from 5 to 15 mm) to postoperative 1.3 mm (from 0 to 3 mm). The Rasmussen imaging scores at 6 months postoperation showed 6 excellent and 3 good. No such postoperative complications occurred as incision infection, joint stiffness, loosening or breakage of implants. Conclusion:Arthrography helps minimally invasive treatment of tibial plateau fracture because it can better display fracture collapse during operation and accurately judge indirect reduction of articular surface.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the role and value of advanced venipuncture virtual training system in nursing clinical skills training for different venipuncture cases.Methods:Forty pre-service nurses were randomly selected from clinical departments to carry out training, and 40 trainees were respectively tested on the theory and operation of virtual venipuncture technology before and after training by the system software. A self-control study was conducted before and after training (random case selection assessment). Then a questionnaire was used to evaluate the training effect. SPSS 19.0 was performed for t test and repeated measure-ment ANOVA analysis. Results:Forty nurses participated in venipuncture training and passed the examination smoothly. The results of theoretical and operational assessment before and after training show significant differences.Conclusion:After training the pre-service nurses with the advanced virtual venipuncture system, the flexibility and accuracy of the operation are significantly improved, and the venipuncture operation can be accomplished skillfully and quickly.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application method and effect of online teaching of pediatrics in undergraduate clinical medicine.Methods:From March to August, 2020, two classes of pediatrics were selected as research objects: 67 students from Batch 2016 "5+3" clinical medicine class were taught by providing recorded teaching resources and online communication and answering questions (hereinafter referred to as "recorded courses"); 39 students from Batch 2015 "5+3" clinical medicine class were taught by live courses and online communication and answering questions (hereinafter referred to as "live courses"). Through the questionnaire survey on the two groups of students, the effect of the two online teaching methods were compared and the medical students' views and suggestions on them were collected. SPSS 26.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:Most of the students in the two groups (98.1%) agreed with the effect of the online teaching of pediatrics and thought it could meet their learning needs. There was no significant difference in the online teaching effect between recorded courses group and live courses group ( P > 0.05). However, they had a poor recognition with the implementation of complete online teaching in the future, while they preferred the combination of online teaching with practical exercises in offline hospitals. Conclusion:Online teaching of pediatrics has been recognized by medical students. The two online teaching methods have their own advantages: recorded courses are more planned and the content is more rigorous; live courses are more interactive and flexible. However, considering that medicine is a highly practical subject, it still needs to be supplemented by offline practice while giving full play to the advantages of online teaching.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883414

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of free position delivery on maternal labor pain, labor control, maternal and infant outcomes and pelvic floor muscle function.Methods:Forty-eight pregnant women who took delivery in free position in the Third People′s Hospital of Bengbu from April to December 2018 were selected as the study group, and 48 pregnant women who took sitting position delivery at the same period were selected as the control group at a 1∶1 ratio. The pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were compared. The duration of labor time and the amount of bleeding were observed. Simplified McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and labor agentry cale (LAS) were used to evaluate the pain and the labor control of mothers 2 h after delivery. The neonatal asphyxia was evaluated by neonatal Apgar score. The Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and the Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression status of mothers in the two groups 6 weeks after the delivery. The pelvic floor muscle function of the pregnant women in the two groups was compared 6 weeks after the delivery.Results:The rate of maternal transfer to cesarean section in the study group was lower than that in the control group [4.17%(2/48) vs. 16.67%(8/48)] , and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.019, P = 0.045). The time of the first and the second stage of labor, the total duration of labor, and the amount of bleeding in the study group were lower than those in the control group [(472.69 ± 55.24) min vs. (515.25 ± 67.26) min, (43.26 ± 5.23) min vs. (52.34 ± 5.56) min, (535.24 ± 38.22) min vs. (582.68 ± 40.16) min, (179.12 ± 25.65) ml vs. (195.34 ± 24.31) ml], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the time of the third stage of labor between the two groups ( P>0.05). After the delivery, the scores of verbal response scale (VRS), visual analogue scale (VAS), present pain intensity scale (PPI) and HAMA, HAMD in the study group were lower than those of the control group [(6.24 ± 1.21) scores vs. (7.68 ± 1.32) scores, (21.25 ± 2.98) scores vs.(27.95 ± 3.75) scores, (2.78 ± 0.29) scores vs. (3.49 ± 0.85) scores, (6.35 ± 0.18) scores vs. (7.54 ± 0.16) scores, (4.38 ± 0.12)scores vs.(5.54 ± 0.25) scores], the score LAS in the study group was higher than that of the control group [(175.18 ± 15.64) scores vs. (122.65 ± 14.85) scores], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The Apgar scores of neonates in the study group was higher than that of the control group at 1 min and 5 min after the delivery, but there was no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in abnormal pelvic floor muscle strength, muscle strength fatigue and abnormal vaginal pressure between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of adverse outcomes in the study group was lower than that in the control group [13.04%(6/46) vs. 35.00%(14/40)] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Free posture delivery can reduce the rate of transfer to cesarean section, shorten the delivery process, and reduce the amount of bleeding. It also can alleviate the anxiety, pain of mothers, increase the labor control, and reduce the incidence of adverse labor outcomes, but its impact on maternal pelvic floor muscle function needs to be further explored.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of asthma and the characteristics of acute attacks in children aged 3-14 in different administrative areas of Wuxi, and to analyze the correlation of asthma with the outdoor environmental factors.Methods:A total of 10 175 children aged 3-14 were randomly selected from 5 different administrative regions in Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province for childhood asthma epidemiological survey from January to December in 2017.Results:The complete questionnaires were collected from 8 318 children with a response rate of 81.70%.There were 6 734 valid questionnaires.Asthma occurred to 259 children, and the prevalence rate was 3.84%.The prevalence of asthma in male and female children was 4.89% (163 cases) and 2.82% (96 cases), respectively.The ratio of male patients to female patients was 1.70∶1.00, and the difference was significant ( χ2=19.72, P<0.01). Children were most prone to suffer from asthma attacks at the turn of seasons (87/259 cases, 33.59%). The frequency of asthma was the lowest from June to August (9/259 cases, 3.47%). Among 244 cases attacked by acute asthma, the prevailing time period of acute attacks was irregular in 88 patients (36.07%), bedtime in 64 cases (26.23%). In different regions of the city, the lowest prevalence rate of asthma was found in Binhu District (50/1 830 cases, 2.73%), the highest prevalence rate of asthma was found in Xinwu District (71/1 502 cases, 4.72%), the difference between the highest and lowest prevalence rates of asthma was significant ( χ2=13.19, P<0.05). In terms of the air quality in different admi-nistrative regions of Wuxi, the nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) concentration, the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration, PM 10 and PM 2.5 in Binhu District were lower than other 4 regions.In different seasons in Wuxi city, the sulfur dioxide(SO 2) concentration, the NO 2 concentration, the CO concentration, PM 10 and PM 2.5 from June to August were significantly lower than those in other months.The prevalence of asthma in children in different administrative districts of Wuxi was weakly positively correlated with the SO 2 concentration, the NO 2 concentration and PM 10 ( r=0.10, P<0.01; r=0.22, P<0.01; r=0.06, P<0.01, respectively). The prevalence of asthma was weakly negatively associated with the ozone(O 3) concentration ( r=-0.06, P<0.01). Acute asthma attacks were weakly positively correlated with the SO 2 concentration ( r=0.22, P<0.01), the NO 2 concentration ( r=0.28, P<0.01), the CO concentration ( r=0.23, P<0.01), PM 10 ( r=0.18, P<0.01) and PM 2.5 ( r=0.18, P<0.01), and weakly negatively correlated with the O 3 concentration ( r=-0.40, P<0.01). Conclusions:The prevalence of asthma in Wuxi is higher in boys than in girls, and the frequency of asthma attacks is related to the season.The SO 2, NO 2, CO, PM 10, PM 2.5 and O 3 concentration affect the prevalence and acute attacks of asthma.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 97-102,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical outcomes of tibial bone transport over an intramedullary nail in combination with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate for treatment of segmental bone defect.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted by enrolling 11 surgically treated patients with tibial segmental bone defect after the debridement for tibial infection or osteomyelitis who were admitted in Lower Limb Surgery Ward of Traumatic Orthopedic Department, Xi′an Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from Jan. 2018 to Jan. 2020. The collected clinical materials and data included gender, age, injury mechanism, smoke or alcohol, comorbidities, intraoperative bleeding loss, bone defect length, resorption time of calcium sulphate, bone transport time, external fixation time, external fixation index, complications and Paley bone and functional criteria. SPSS 24.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 31 months (average 23.2 months). All patients achieved bone healing and the infection was eradicated with no sign of recurrence. The mean length of defect was (8.1±1.6) cm, mean resorption time of calcium sulphate was (6.6±2.6) months, bone transport time was (11.4±2.8) weeks, external fixation time was (4.7±1.2) months, external fixation index was (0.58±0.07) month/cm and full weight bearing time was (6.1±1.4) months. The complication rate was 36.4% including deep vein thrombosis, delayed union of the docking site, pin tract infection and sterile draining of the wound. Paley bone evaluation results were excellent and good in 10 patients (90.9%) and functional results were excellent and good in 11 patients (100%).Conclusion:Tibial bone transport over an intramedullary nail in combination with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate is a safe, reliable and successful method for segmental bone defect and eradication of infection which reduces external fixation time and complication rate, allows patients perform weight bearing and return to daily life earlier.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological trend of varicella(chickenpox)in Urumqi, this retrospective study was performed by using the school surveillance data between 2014 and 2018. Methods:Descriptive epidemiology method was used to analyze the data of varicella cases from school infectious disease prevention and control information management system from 2014 to 2018. Results:A total of 4 910 cases of varicella were reported in primary and secondary schools, with an average incidence of 290.73/100 000 per year. Primary school students accounted for 60.6%, middle school students for 27.4% and high school students for 12.0%. Among them, there were 2 595 boys and 2 315 girls with sex ratio of 1.12∶1. Two seasonal peaks of varicella incidence were observed every year, from March to June and from November to January of next year. Conclusion:Primary schools are the major places of varicella outbreak and should be the priority places for prevention and control, but the prevention and education in boarding schools should not be neglected. In areas with high incidence of varicella, it is vital to focus on prevention to avoid the infectious diseases spreading and outbreak.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities and analyze the influencing factors. Methods:From August to September, 2020, a one-to-one interview was conducted using a convenience sampling method to determine the depression status of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities in Shanghai. Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) was used to evaluate the depression status. The data were analyzed with univariate analysis from three aspects: caregiver, care recipient and environment. Then, the statistically significant variables were included in a dichotomous logistic regression. Results:The depression rate of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities was 35.9%. Among the caregiver factors, female caregivers had a higher risk of depression than male (OR = 2.193, 95%CI 1.131 to 4.254, P = 0.002). Among the care recipient factors, poor sleep quality (OR = 1.942, 5%CI 1.113 to 3.386, P < 0.05), emotional instability (OR = 17.456, 95%CI 2.534 to 120.240, P < 0.05) and types of disability (ORintelligence = 5.401, 95%CI 1.995 to 14.624; ORmental = 3.712, 95%CI 1.615 to 8.530; ORphysical = 2.913, 95%CI 1.330 to 6.379; P < 0.05) were associated with the depression of caregivers. Among the environmental factors, caregivers in rented housing had a higher risk of depression than those in owner-occupied housing (OR = 1.727, 95%CI 1.135 to 2.627, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities is not optimistic, with higher rates of reported depression among female caregivers, caregivers in rented housing; caregivers of children with intellectual, mental and physical disabilities, and poor sleep quality and emotional instability.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the nutritional status and influencing factors among children with disabilities in developed areas. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 480 caregivers of children with disabilities aged two to 18 years in Shanghai were investigated their heights and weights, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The influencing factors were analyzed from the dimensions of children's personal, family and social characteristics based on the Ecological System Theory. Chi-square test and binary Logistic regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors associated with the nutritional status of children with disabilities. Results:The prevalence of thinness, overweight and obesity in 480 children was 23.75%, 13.54% and 13.33%, respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that potato intake (OR = 0.420, 95%CI 0.197 to 0.893, P < 0.05) and caregivers' perception of child's weight (OR underweight = 4.188, 95%CI 1.488 to 11.787, P < 0.01) were associated with children's thinness. Types of disability (OR autism= 0.142, 95%CI 0.034 to 0.591, P < 0.01), the role of caregiver (OR father= 5.519, 95%CI 1.110 to 27.440, P < 0.05), and caregivers' perception of the child's weight (OR overweight = 5.669, 95%CI 1.112 to 28.903, P < 0.05) were associated with children's overweight/obesity. Conclusion:The prevalence of malnutrition among children with disabilities in Shanghai is higher than those typically-developing, especially thinness and obesity. The nutritional status is greatly affected by the type of disability, dietary intake and family characteristics.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of the quality of life of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 285 family caregivers of children with disabilities were enrolled in Shanghai. The EuroQol-5 Dimension Questionnaire Youth Version (EQ-5D-Y) was used to measure the quality of life of 285 children with disabilities. The impact of individual factors, caregiver factors, and environmental factors (family factors and social factors) on children's quality of life were analyzed using multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. Results:The score of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was (71.66±22.33). The quality of life were poorer for children with physical disabilities (B = -13.623, 95%CI -25.282 to -1.965, P = 0.022) or multiple disabilities (B = -14.911, 95%CI -27.445 to -2.377, P = 0.020), combined diseases (B = -8.995, 95%CI -14.780 to -3.210, P = 0.002), emotional instability (B = -4.414, 95%CI -7.433 to -1.395, P = 0.004), poor partnerships (B = 4.965, 95%CI 1.748 to 8.181, P = 0.003), no pre-school education (B = -7.757, 95%CI -12.954 to -2.561, P = 0.004) and grandparents as the main caregiver (B = -7.999, 95%CI -14.288 to -1.710, P = 0.013). Conclusion:The quality of life for children with disabilities is relatively poor and influenced by multiple factors such as children's individual, caregivers, and environment. The main influencing factors are individual factors and caregiver factors.

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