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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920794

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis within three years after treatment, determine its related factors, and make suggestions for improving the short-term quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis after treatment. Methods A telephone survey was used to investigate registered tuberculosis patients in Shanghai in 2018 using the short form 12 (SF-12) and the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test questionnaire (CAT). Results A total of 975 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis who had completed the treatment were included in the study. The total physiological score was determined to be 49.18±10.25, and the total psychological score was 50.27±8.03 (t=5.62,P<0.000 1). The average CAT score was 13.31±6.08. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that quality of life was positively associated with high educational level, high monthly family income, and frequent physical exercise, whereas negatively associated with comorbidities, low self-care ability, and changing jobs. Conclusion We should pay more attention to the patients with pulmonary tuberculosis coexistent with COPD and other lung diseases. Measures should be implemented for the improvement in the quality of life, including providing financial support, encouraging regular exercise, and improving lung function.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4482-4490, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921524

ABSTRACT

Protein and Enzyme Engineering is the core and required course for colleague students majored in biotechnology, which plays an important role in the professional training system. In accordance with the "Guidelines for the Development of Ideological Education in Higher Education Institutions" issued by the Ministry of Education, we explored the combination of course teaching with ideological education by considering the features of the biotechnology major and the course and setting up rational teaching objectives. This paper described the strategy, design, implementation and evaluation approaches that were used in the course of "Protein and Enzyme Engineering" to achieve a good integration. The practice starts from story-telling, discussion of life, case study, hot issues discussion, literature discussion and presentations. The scientific spirits, civic character, global vision, eco-civilization and legal consciousness, as well as their native land emotion and cultural confidence, were boosted. The natural integration of the ideological education into the whole process of this course helped to better achieve the goal of curriculum education while promoting teaching excellence.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Curriculum , Humans , Students , Universities
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 973-978, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911824

ABSTRACT

Levetiracetam (LEV) is the second generation of broad-spectrum antiepileptic drugs. Compared with other antiepileptic drugs, LEV has unique antiepileptic mechanism, good efficacy and tolerance, and its target is synaptic vesicle protein 2A. With the widespread use of LEV, more and more adverse reactions have been reported, especially mental related adverse reactions. This paper reviewed the research progress of LEV pharmacogenomics related targets, metabolism, adverse reaction related genetic variation and efficacy prediction, so as to provide decision-making for the application of LEV individualized treatment in clinical practice, improve the quality of life of epileptic patients and reduce the disease burden of patients with epilepsy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinicopathological risk factors of retroperitoneal liposarcoma recurrence-free survival after surgical resection, and establish a prediction model based on clinicopathological risk factors.Methods:We conducted a retrospective analysis for retroperitoneal liposarcoma patients undergoing surgical resection at Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Zhongshan Hospital (South), Fudan University, during Jul 2014 and Jun 2020. The clinical and pathological data were collected. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to select independent risk factors.Result:A total of 271 patients were included, and 127 (46.9%) were recurred. In the recurrence group, more patients were assessed as recurrent disease ( χ2=15.289, P<0.05), the proportion of tumors invading organs was higher ( χ2=10.123, P<0.05), and FNCLCC graded higher ( χ2=7.650, P<0.05). The median follow-up time for all patients was 25 months (1-58 months). The 1, 2, and 3-year recurrence-free survival rates were 61.4%, 40.3%, and 30.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis suggests that recurrent disease, organ invasion, poorly differentiated pathological types, and high FNCLCC grades are poor prognostic factors for postoperative recurrence (all P<0.05); Multivariate analysis showed that recurrent disease ( OR=3.135, 95% CI: 2.058-4.762, P<0.05), organ invasion ( OR=2.577, 95% CI: 1.214-5.464, P<0.05) and high FNCLCC grade ( P<0.05) is an independent prognostic factor for postoperative recurrence. Conclusion:Presentation status,FNCLCC grade and organ invasion were independent risk factors for retroperitoneal liposarcoma recurrence after surgery.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Tanreqing injection in the treatment of elderly chronic bronchitis. Method:CBM,CNKI,WanFang Data,VIP,PubMed,The Cochrane Library,Embase and other databases were retrieved by computer to screen out randomized controlled trials of Tanreqing injection in the treatment of elderly chronic bronchitis. The retrieval time was from the establishment to December 2019. After two researchers independently screened out the literatures according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,extracted data and evaluated the literature quality,made meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3 software,and performed Egger test by Stata 14.0 software to evaluate publication bias. In case of any publication bias,clipping and supplementation method was further used to evaluate the effect of bias on the results. Result:A total of 48 studies were included,including 4 356 patients with diabetic nephropathy. The results of Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional antibiotic therapy,the group of combination with Tanreqing injection was better than the control group in effective rate and lowering serum c-reactive protein (CRP) level,with statistically significant differences. The results of the publication bias test showed that a developmental bias in the effective rate. Further analysis based on the non-parametric clipping and supplementation method showed stable results of meta-analysis and no impact from potential publication bias. The adverse reactions had no statistically significance. Conclusion:This study shows that Tanreqing injection has a significant effect in treating chronic bronchitis in the elderly,and can reduce the serum CRP level of the patients. Compared with the conventional therapy group,the incidence of adverse reactions is not significantly increased,and the results need further clinical tests.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2738-2748, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888885

ABSTRACT

Synthetic lethality is a proven effective antitumor strategy that has attracted great attention. Large-scale screening has revealed many synthetic lethal genetic phenotypes, and relevant small-molecule drugs have also been implemented in clinical practice. Increasing evidence suggests that CDKs, constituting a kinase family predominantly involved in cell cycle control, are synthetic lethal factors when combined with certain oncogenes, such as

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between T/N take-up value and the clinic feature of breast cancer, and explore the predictive ability of T/N take-up value for breast cancer prognosis.Methods:Breast cancer patients treated at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and undergoing BSGI examination before surgery from Jan 2014 to Nov 2018 were collected. The relationship between T/N take-up value and the clinical features of breast cancer and DFS was analyzed.Results:A total of 419 breast cancer patients were collected. The median follow-up time after operation was 34 months. At the end of the follow-up, 43 cases relapsed and 376 cases did not. The average T/N values of CC position and MLO position before surgery were 2.74 and 2.58. The T/N value of CC is related to tumor stage (χ 2=22.077, P<0.05), lymph node metastasis ( Z=2.138, P<0.05) and degree of invasion ( Z=3.371, P<0.05). The T/N value of MLO is related to tumor stage (χ 2=23.091, P<0.05), lymph node metastasis ( Z=2.531, P<0.05) and degree of invasion ( Z=2.99, P<0.05). The best cut-off values of CC position and MLO position calculated by ROC curve are 2.59 and 2.97. Univariate analysis showed that tumor staging ( HR: 2.039, 95% CI: 1.404-2.962, P=0.001), T/N value at CC position ( HR: 4.349, 95% CI: 2.141-8.883, P<0.001) and T/N value at MLO position ( HR: 2.767, 95% CI: 1.520-5.039, P<0.001) is an independent risk factor for the prognosis of breast cancer. Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that tumor stage ( HR: 1.959, 95% CI: 1.302-2.946, P=0.001) and T/N value at MLO position ( HR: 3.498, 95% CI: 1.531-7.992, P=0.003) are independent risk factor of breast cancer prognosis. Conclusion:The BSGI T/N value has a certain correlation with breast cancer DFS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882979

ABSTRACT

Through a systematic review and analysis on the related literature and guidlines at home and abroad on the prehabilitation of gastrointestinal neoplasms, this paper sorts out the implementation contents and evaluation methods of the trimodal prehabilitation which includes three aspects: exercise, nutrition and psychology, and found that there is still not standardized content at present. This paper provides the foundation for later evidence-based research. And designed to provide evidence for trimodal prehabilitation nursing practice content, in order to promote the enhanced recovery of the patients with gastrointestinal neoplasm after surgery better.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics, common images, pathogens, and gene mutation types of chronic granulomatosis disease (CGD) in 19 children.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, treatment, and prognosis of 19 patients diagnosed with CGD in Hong Kong University-Shenzhen Hospital from December 2012 to December 2018 were analyzed.Results:The 19 patients were all males and confirmed as CGD by the dihydrorhodamine test and gene sequencing.The age of the first infection was mostly 1 month after birth(13 cases), and the age of clinical diagnosis ranged from 2 months to 10 years.Sixteen mothers were carriers.The patients presented with pulmonary fungal infection (19/19 cases), Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG)-osis (14/19 cases), lymphadenitis (14/19 cases), perianal abscess (9/19 cases), skin abscess (5/19 cases) and ulcerative colitis (2/19 cases). There were 59 positive cultures.Pathogens included fungi (9 cases), Klebsiella pneumonia (8 cases), mycobacteria (7 cases), Streptococcus Viridans (5 cases), Escherichia coli (3 cases), gram-positive bacteria (3 cases), Staphylococcus aureus (3 cases), and Burkholderia cenocepacia (2 cases). Gene mutations were found in all 19 patients, including 17 cases of CYBB, 1 case of CYBA and 1 case of NCF2.The type of mutations included nonsense mutations (6 cases), deletion mutations (5 cases, including 2 large fragment deletions), splice mutations (3 cases) and missense mutations (5 cases). Five mutations were novel.Splice mutations in 3 cases often led to skin abscess, perianal abscess and lymphadenitis.Two patients with large deletion mutations had more serious infection than other patients. Conclusions:In China, CGD is characterized with pulmonary infection and disseminated BCG-osis.Mycobacteria are common pathogens of CGD, and fungi are dominant pathogens of CGD.The most common infection is respiratory infection. Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli often lead to perianal abscess.The relationship between gene mutation types and clinical phenotypes requires further verification by big data.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between drug evidence and core prescription for depression.Methods:We retrieved literature of TCM for depression from CNKI, VIP and Wangfang databases to November 2019, 30th as well as there cords from Ancient and Modern Medical Records Cloud Platform (V 1.5). The Excel 2010 was used to establish the standardized database of medical records. After the standardization of medicines, Ancient and Modern Medical Records Cloud Platform (V1.5) statistics methodswere used for association rules analysis, complex networks, and analysis of drugs’ frequency, medical characteristics, core prescription drugs.Results:A total of 632 effective prescriptions were included, involving a total of 527 drugs. The results of frequency of herbs showed that 23 kinds of high-frequency herbs were obtained. Bupleuri Radix was the most frequently used medicine. Most herbs are warm or flat, with pungent, sweet and bitter in taste, belonging to the lung, liver, heart and spleen meridians. A total of 25 drug-pair association and 13 TCM association were obtained by association rule analysis. Conclusions:TCM treatment for depression is mainly based on soothing the liver and regulating qi, clearing the heart and calming the nerves. Bupleuri Radix, Curcumae Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen are the basic prescriptions. Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix, Albiziae Cortex, Polygalae Radix, Poria are used as reference.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Xiaoyu-Jiangzhi capsules on blood lipid, carotid artery atherosclerosis (CAA) and plaque in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE -/-) mice. Methods:The ApoE -/- mice were fed with high-fat food to establish carotid atherosclerosis model. The ApoE -/- mice were randomly by weight divided into model group, Atorvastatin group, low- and high-dose Xiaoyu-Jiangzhi capsules group. The C57BL/6cnc mice were used as control group and fed with normal diet. The Atorvastatin group was given atorvastatin suspension 1.3 mg/kg, low and high dose groups were given Xiaoyu-Jiangzhi capsule suspension 325 and 975 mg/kg, and the control group and model group were given equal volume of distilled water. The mice were gavaged with 0.1 ml/10 g body weight, once a day, and the weight of mice was recorded weekly. After 12 weeks of continuous intragastric administration, the blood lipid and liver /body weight index of the mice were measured. Carotid arteries were sliced to conduct oil red O staining and VG staining for the pathological analysis. Results:After 12 weeks of drug administration, the weight of mice in the high-dose group was significantly lower than the model group. The level of TC (25.92 ± 4.21 mmol/L vs. 30.39 ± 4.67 mmol/L) and LDL-C (7.97 ± 2.14 mmol/L vs. 10.26 ± 1.97 mmol/L) in the high-dose group significantly decreased ( P<0.05), the level of HDL-C in the low and high-dose group significantly increased ( P<0.05). The pathological results showed that after 12 weeks of administration, the carotid artery lipid deposition blockage rate in the Atorvastatin group and the high dose group were significantly smaller than the model group( P<0.05), and no vascular plaque has been formed. Conclusion:The Xiaoyu-Jiangzhi capsules could reduce LDL-C, increase HDL-C levels, reduce the constriction of arterial stenosis and slow down the formation process of carotid plaque.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) treatment on the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with central precocious puberty (CPP) or early and fast puberty (EFP).@*METHODS@#PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles on GnRHa treatment for children with CPP or EFP. Stata 12.0 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of related data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 10 studies were included, and the total sample size was 720 children, with 475 children in the GnRHa treatment group and 245 children in the control group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with the control group, the GnRHa treatment group had significantly better final adult height (@*CONCLUSIONS@#GnRHa treatment is safe and effective in improving the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with CPP or EFP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Height , Child , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious/drug therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2366-2378, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887803

ABSTRACT

Food-borne pathogens pose great risks to human health and public safety, and the formation of biofilm exacerbates their pathogenicity and antimicrobial resistance. Enzymes can target special substances in the biofilm to disintegrate the biofilm of food-borne pathogens, which has great potential for applications. This review summarized the progress of using enzymes to disintegrate the biofilms of food-borne pathogens, highlighting quorum-quenching enzymes, C-di-GMP metabolic enzymes, as well as extracellular matrix hydrolases. Finally, challenges and perspectives on developing enzymes into effective products for disintegrating the biofilms of food-borne pathogens were discussed.


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Humans , Quorum Sensing
14.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1148-1150
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213770

ABSTRACT

Background: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune mediated fibro inflammatory condition characterized by abundant IgG4-positive (IgG4+) plasma cell infiltrated lesions and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. Tubulointerstitial nephritis and glomerular lesions are the most common renal IgG4-RDs. However, solitary mass lesion is rarely observed in renal IgG4-RD. Materials and Methods: We reported a 55-year-old male patient with a space-occupying lesion in the right kidney detected during a routine ultrasound medical examination. Computed tomography indicated a 20 mm × 15 mm × 18 mm mass located at the lower pole of the right kidney. Both T1-weighted imaging and T2-weighted imaging magnetic resonance imaging scans showed a hypointense mass. Diffusion-weighted imaging (b value = 800) showed slightly hyperintensity. Results: The lesion was diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma clinically based on the laboratory and radiological findings and treated with laparoscopic resection. However, the postoperative histological examination results indicated the lesion IgG4-RD of the kidney. Conclusion: We should consider pseudotumor-like IgG4-RD as a differential diagnosis for solitary renal lesion although the incidence is low

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793315

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the levels of serum Vitamin D(VD) from preconception to pregnancy in Jiading district of Shanghai, and explore the risk factors of VD concentration deficiency in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. Methods A total of 94 women who planned to have antenatal care and delivery in Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Jiading district of Shanghai from September 2016 to December 2018 were recruited as the study participants. Chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) was used to examine the concentration of women’s serum VD from preconception to pregnancy. A total of 282 serum samples were detected. Results The prevalence of VD deficiency among 94 women from preconception to pregnancy were 40.4%,57.4% and 48.9% respectively. Results of the mixed linear model showed that women who had dyed or permed hair within the past 1 year had significantly lower serum VD levels during pregnancy (P<0.05), and women who often drank milk and ate deep-sea fish during pregnancy had higher VD levels during pregnancy (P<0.05). Conclusions VD deficiency was common among women in Jiading district of Shanghai, and it should be emphasized to supplement VD before and during pregnancy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between basilar artery (BA) dolichosis and clinical outcome of patients with acute isolated pontine infarction.Methods:Consecutive patients with acute isolated pontine infarction within 7 d after onset admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Hefei Hospital of Anhui Medical University were enrolled. The demographic, clinical and MRI data were collected. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the clinical outcome at 3 months after the onset. 0-2 was defined as good outcome, and >2 was defined as poor outcome. A binary multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation between BA dolichosis and clinical outcome of the patients. Results:A total of 116 patients with acute isolated pontine infarction were enrolled. There were 69 (59.5%) males and 47 (40.5%) females, with a median age of 65 years (interquartile range: 57-76 years). There were 39 patients (33.6%) in BA dolichosis group and 77 (66.4%) in non-BA dolichosis group. The BA diameter ( P=0.021), theoretical length (basilar artery length, BAL) ( P<0.001), bending length (BL) ( P<0.001) and the proportion of patients with BA bending ( P<0.001) in the BA dolichosis group were significantly higher than those of the non-BA dolichosis group. There were 93 (80.2%) patients in good outcome group and 23 (19.8%) in poor outcome group. The baseline National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score ( P<0.001), approximate length of BA ( P=0.007), BAL ( P=0.020), BL ( P=0.005) and the proportion of patients with BA dolichosis ( P=0.002) and bending ( P=0.008) in the poor outcome group were significantly higher than those in the good outcome group. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the approximate length of BA was significantly positively correlated with BL ( r=0.597, P<0001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BA dolichosis (odds ratio 5.441, 95% confidence interval 1.814-16.320; P=0.003) and the higher baseline NIHSS score (odds ratio 1.696, 95% confidence interval 1.291-2.228; P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes in patients with acute isolated pontine infarction. Conclusion:BA dolichosis is common in patients with acute isolated pontine infarction. BA dolichosis may be an independent risk factor for poor outcome in patients with acute isolated pontine infarction at 3 months after onset.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum uric acid level and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from July 2017 to July 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. They were divided into 4 groups (Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4) according to the sex-specific serum uric acid quartiles. The demographic data, baseline clinical data, laboratory indicators and HRV recorded by 24-h dynamic electrocardiogram in each group were compared. The independent correlation between HRV time domain parameters RR (normal-to-normal, NN) interval standard deviation (standard deviation of the NN intervals, SDNN), RR interval mean standard deviation (standard deviation of the average NN intervals, SDANN) and serum uric acid level was analyzed through multiple linear regression model.Results:A total of 141 patients were enrolled in the study, including 100 males (70.92%), aged 61.55±12.92 years. The median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 2 (interquartile range: 1-4), and the serum uric acid level was 302.87±73.48 μmol/L. There were significant differences in the NIHSS score ( P<0.034), the proportion of patients with hypertension ( P=0.015), the estimated glomerular filtration rate ( P<0.001), and the HRV time domain parameters (all P<0.001) between each quartile group. The proportion of patients with low HRV (SDNN <100 ms) in the lowest serum uric acid level quartile group was significantly higher than that in other quartile groups ( P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that serum uric acid levels were significantly and positively correlated with SDNN (standardized β=0.321, P<0.001) and SDANN (standardized β=0.266, P=0.001). Conclusions:The low level of serum uric acid in patients with acute ischemic stroke indicates that HRV is low, which may suggest that the mechanism of oxidative stress is involved in the decrease of HRV in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E415-E421, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862363

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the harmfulness of micro-miniature unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to human body, especially to head caused by accidental uncontrolled crash. Methods The dynamic numerical simulation analysis was carried out by using ABAQUS software. The free-falling UAV was simplified in different geometric shapes to impact human head and the damage degree of human head caused by the impact was analyzed. Based on the biological tissue performance parameters, human head and neck was simplified as a mass-spring system and the head was modeled with actual skin texture. Results When the UAV fell from 10 m with weight of 0.5 kg, the abbreviated injury scale (AIS) of the disc-shaped UAV was 1.04, and the AIS of the corn-shaped and sphere-shaped UVA were 1.95 and 2.48. For the UAV with the same geometric shape, as the mass and the falling height increased, both impact acceleration of the head and the AIS increased. When the UAV impacted human head at different angles, the disc-shaped UAV exhibited the smallest impact acceleration, AIS and damage degree. The corn-shaped and sphere-shaped UVAs had small differences in impact acceleration and AIS, but their damage degrees were large. Conclusions When the uncontrolled micro-miniature UAV impacts human head, the mass, height or contact shape of the UAV have a significant influence on the damage degree of human head.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878868

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compounds combined with levodopa medicine in the treatment of Parkinson's disease(PD), and screen basic herbs to provide certain evidence-based medical proof and program for better guidance on clinical drug use. Six databases were searched to screen out the randomized controlled trial on the TCM compounds combined with levodopa medicine in the treatment of PD. Literature quality of the included studies was evaluated by improved Jadad rating scale, and the Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.3 software. After the data of the basic TCM compounds involved were sorted out, the strong association rules were found by using Apriori algorithm of SPSS Modeler 18.0 software, and then the basic herbs for the treatment of PD could be picked out. A total of 20 studies were eventually included, involving 1 784 patients. Ten studies were of high-quality literature, Jadad score≥4 points. Meta-analysis showed that efficacy of TCM combined with levodopa medicine was better than levodopa medicine alone in lowering Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale(UPDRS) score: UPDRS Ⅰ(MD=-0.43, 95%CI[-0.62,-0.24], P<0.000 1), UPDRS Ⅱ(MD=-2.72, 95%CI[-3.24,-2.21], P<0.000 01), UPDRS Ⅲ(MD =-1.97, 95%CI[-2.69,-1.25], P<0.000 01), UPDRS Ⅳ(MD=-0.28, 95%CI[-0.46,-0.11], P=0.002). And the improvement in UPDRS score reduction rate of TCM combined with levodopa medicine was better than that in levodopa medicine alone: effective rate(OR=4.81, 95%CI[3.50, 6.62], P<0.000 01). Data mining results showed that the basic prescription for treating PD consisted of Paeoniae Radix Alba-Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-Gastrodiae Rhizoma in general. According to each part of UPDRS, the basic prescription for treating mentation, behavior and mood(UPDRS Ⅰ) consists of Paeoniae Radix Alba-Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle, Among which Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle might have unique efficacy. The basic prescriptions for treating UPDRS Ⅱ and UPDRS Ⅲ consisted of Paeoniae Radix Alba-Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, or Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Angelicae Sinensis Radix(two drug combinations). However, in the treatment of UPDRS Ⅳ, the drugs were scattered. But due to the limitations in the quantity and quality of clinical studies, the results obtained still need further research and clinical confirmation of its efficacy.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Levodopa , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Parkinson Disease
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of cerebrospinal fluid containing Tongqiao Huoxuetang (TQHXT) on oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs), in order to explore the underlying mechanisms. Method:Primary BMECs were extracted by enzymatic digestion, and the cells were randomly divided into six groups: the normal control group, the OGD/R group, the TQHXT group(20%), the nimodipine(NMDP) group (10 μmol·L-1), the cabozanix group (1 μmol·L-1) and the combination group. Except for the normal control group, the cells in the other groups were rapidly reoxygenated for 24 h after 2 h of oxygen-glucose deprivation, the OGD/R modeling was performed, and the rats were administered with drugs by groups. BMECs were identified by cell immunofluorescence staining, morphological and ultrastructural changes of OGD/R-induced BMECs were observed, and changes in cell transmembrane resistance (TEER) were detected. The levels of nitric oxide (NO), the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the fluorescence intensity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the content of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) were measured with kits. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration and cell apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry, and the expression of CD34 was observed. The protein expressions of zonula occluden-1 (ZO-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), adhesion kinase (FAK), and Paxillin were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the cells in the OGD/R group were shrinking and rounded, TEER value and ZO-1 protein expression in cells were significantly decreased, the contents of NO, LDH and ROS in cells were significantly increased, the content of tPA was significantly decreased, the concentration of Ca2+ and the apoptosis in the cells were significantly increased, CD34 was expressed in cells, and the protein expressions of VEGF, FAK and Paxillin were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with the OGD/R group, cell damage in the TQHXT group was significantly improved, the TEER value and ZO-1 protein expression in cells were significantly increased, the contents of NO, LDH and ROS in cells were significantly reduced, the content of tPA was significantly increased, the concentration of Ca2+ and the apoptosis in the cells were significantly reduced, CD34 expression increased in cells, and the protein expressions of VEGF, FAK and Paxillin were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:CSF containing TQHXT protects BMECs from OGD/R injury possibly by promoting angiogenesis through the VEGF-VEGFR2/FAK/Paxillin signaling pathway.

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