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1.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991695

ABSTRACT

In the outbreak of COVID-19,triage procedures based on epidemiology were implemented in a local hospital in Changsha to control the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and avoid healthcare-associated infection.This re-trospective study analyzed the data collected during the triage period and found that COVID-19 patients were en-riched 7 folds into the Section A designated for patients with obvious epidemiological history.On the other side,nearly triple amounts of visits were received at the Section B for patients without obvious epidemiological history.8 COVID-19 cases were spotted out of 247 suspected patients.More than 50%of the suspected patients were submi-tted to multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis for SARS-CoV-2 infection.Of the 239 patients who were diagnosed as negative of the virus infection,188 were successfully revisited and none was reported as COVID-19 case.Of the 8 COVID-19 patients,3 were confirmed only after multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis.Besides comorbidities,delayed sharing of epidemiological history added complexity to the diagnosis in practice.The triaging experience and strategy will be helpful for the control of infectious diseases in the future.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 186-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942345

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore difference in the mechanism of Shoutaiwan, a representative kidney-tonifying and abortion-preventing formula, and Juyuanjian, a typical spleen-invigorating and abortion-preventing formula in reversing the pathology of decidua of spontaneous abortion (SA) patients and to expound the connotation of "uterine collaterals connecting kidney" and "fetal collaterals connecting spleen" theory. MethodThe targets of SA were retrieved from GeneCards, followed by gene ontology-biological process (GO-BP) annotation. Based on Cytoscape and previous research, the main processes and core targets were screened out. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was used to identify the potential active components of Shoutaiwan and Juyuanjian and the regulatory networks were constructed. SA was induced in rats and the model rats were treated with Shoutaiwan and Juyuanjian at the same unit. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunohistochemistry (IHC), immunofluorescence (IF), and other methods were employed to verify the mechanisms against miscarriage. ResultThe dysregulation of cell adhesion, inflammatory response, cell death, and angiogenesis was the core pathological process of SA. A total of 13 potential specific active components of Shoutaiwan and 14 active components of Juyuanjian were screened out. The regulatory networks showed that the potential active components of the two prescriptions modulated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin (IL)-2, estrogen receptor (ESR)-1, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and other targets to regulate the pathological process of SA. The two can significantly improve the pregnancy rate and the integrity rate and blood supply of decidua cells, control the apoptosis morphology and the expression of estrogen (E2), progesterone (P), and its receptor, and down-regulate the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, IL-2, and IL-6 in decidua tissue of SA rats. At the same time, they up-regulated the expression of anti-apoptotic protein B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and IL-4. Shoutaiwan significantly up-regulated the expression of VEGF, and Juyuanjian significantly down-regulated the expression of E-cadherin (E-Cad). ConclusionBoth Shoutaiwan and Juyuanjian regulate the core pathological process of SA to prevent miscarriage. At the same unit, Shoutaiwan is overall superior to Juyuanjian. Shoutaiwan is better than Juyuanjian in regulating angiogenesis and Juyuanjian is superior to Shoutaiwan in regulating cell adhesion. This conclusion can partly explain the biological basis of "treating the same disease with different methods", and provide objective data reference for the identification of quality marker (Q-marker) of anti-miscarriage Chinese medicine and further study of formula-syndrome metabolome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 14-19, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of infliximab (IFX) therapy for children with Kawasaki disease. Methods: Sixty-eight children with Kawasaki disease who received IFX therapy in Children's Hospital of Fudan University from January 2014 to April 2021 were enrolled. The indications for IFX administration, changes in laboratory parameters before and after IFX administration, response rate, drug adverse events and complications and outcomes of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) were retrospectively analyzed. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test or Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test. Results: Among 68 children with Kawasaki disease, 52 (76%) were males and 16 (24%) were females. The age of onset was 2.1 (0.5, 3.8) years. IFX was administered to: (1) 35 children (51%) with persistent fever who did not respond to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) or steroids, 28 of the 35 children (80%) developed CAA before IFX therapy; (2) 32 children (47%) with continuous progression of CAA; (3) 1 child with persistent arthritis. In all cases, IFX was administered as an additional treatment (the time from the onset of illness to IFX therapy was 21 (15, 30) days) which consisted of second line therapy in 20 (29%), third line therapy in 20 (29%), and fourth (or more) line therapy in 28 (41%). C-reactive protein (8 (4, 15) vs. 16 (8, 43) mg/L, Z=-3.38, P=0.001), serum amyloid protein A (17 (10, 42) vs. 88 (11, 327) mg/L, Z=-2.36, P=0.018) and the percentage of neutrophils (0.39±0.20 vs. 0.49±0.21, t=2.63, P=0.010) decreased significantly after IFX administration. Fourteen children (21%) did not respond to IFX and received additional therapies mainly including steroids and cyclophosphamide. There was no significant difference in gender, age at IFX administration, time from the onset of illness to IFX administration, the maximum coronary Z value before IFX administration, and the incidence of systemic aneurysms between IFX-sensitive group and IFX-resistant group (all P>0.05). Infections occurred in 11 cases (16%) after IFX administration, including respiratory tract, digestive tract, urinary tract, skin and oral infections. One case had Calmette-Guérin bacillus-related adverse reactions 2 months after IFX administration. All of these adverse events were cured successfully. One child died of CAA rupture, 6 children were lost to follow up, the remaining 61 children were followed up for 6 (4, 15) months. No CAA occurred in 7 children before and after IFX treatment, while CAA occurred in 54 children before IFX treatment. CAA regressed in 23 (43%) children at the last follow-up, and the diameter of coronary artery recovered to normal in 10 children. Conclusion: IFX is an effective and safe therapeutic choice for children with Kawasaki disease who are refractory to IVIG or steroids therapy or with continuous progression of CAA.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Coronary Aneurysm/etiology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Infliximab/adverse effects , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 298-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930616

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the knowledge, attitude and practice of edema in patients with critically illness of ICU nurses, and to analyze its influencing factors.Methods:After developing the Knowledge-Attitude-Practice Scale of Edema Status in Critically Ill Patients for ICU nurses by Delphi expert consultation method, the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of edema status of ICU nurses in six tertiary hospitals in Shanghai City was investigated by using convenience sampling method.Results:A total of 292 ICU nurses were investigated by questionnaire. The total scores of knowledge dimension, attitude dimension and practice dimension of critical patients with edema in ICU nurses were 38.27 ± 5.52, 58.33 ± 8.34 and 43.04 ± 8.05, respectively. Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that age ( β=0.28, P<0.05) was the main factor affecting ICU nurses′ knowledge about edema state of critically ill patients; age( β=0.20, P<0.05) and education ( β=0.28, P<0.05) were the factors affecting ICU nurses' attitude towards edema state of critically ill patients; and years of nursing work ( β=0.28, P<0.05) was the factor affecting the practice of critically ill patients of ICU nurses. Conclusions:The level of knowledge and attitude towards edema in critically ill patients of ICU nurses is good, but the level of behavior is general. Nursing managers should strengthen the training related to edema for ICU nurses, further to form a standardized prevent-treatment plan and nursing process in order to actively improve the nursing practice of edema in critically ill patients.

5.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 29-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950258

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the active ingredients, potential targets, and mechanism of Rhizoma coptidis by bioinformatics method, and to explore the hypoglycemic effect of Rhizoma coptidis by in vitro experiments. Methods: The chemical components of Rhizoma coptidis were collected through database search, and oral bioavailability and drug-likeness were used for preliminary screening. The targets of Rhizoma coptidis and diabetes-related targets were collected by database retrieval and reverse docking techniques, and the biological process of cross-set proteins was analyzed. The inhibitory effects of Rhizoma coptidis on α-glucosidase, α-amylase activity, and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) were determined via in vitro experiments. In addition, the effects of Rhizoma coptidis on pre-adipocyte differentiation, absorption of glucose by adipocytes, and the level of intracellular triglyceride were investigated using the adipocyte differentiation model. Results: There were 11 potentially active ingredients in Rhizoma coptidis. IL-6, caspase-3, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), MYC, and estrogen receptor 1 were considered as the key genes. The bioinformatics analysis showed that Rhizoma coptidis played an anti-diabetic role mainly via biological processes and signaling pathways including hormone receptor activity, glutathione binding, steroid binding, etc. In vitro experiments showed that the extract of Rhizoma coptidis inhibited the activities of α-glucosidase and α-amylase, and the generation of AGEs; meanwhile, the extract promoted the absorption of glucose by adipocytes. In addition, the extract of Rhizoma coptidis decreased triglyceride level. Conclusions: Our network pharmacology and in vitro experiments demonstrate the anti-diabetic effects and possible underlying mechanisms of Rhizoma coptidis extract.

6.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 29-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942822

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the active ingredients, potential targets, and mechanism of Rhizoma coptidis by bioinformatics method, and to explore the hypoglycemic effect of Rhizoma coptidis by in vitro experiments. Methods: The chemical components of Rhizoma coptidis were collected through database search, and oral bioavailability and drug-likeness were used for preliminary screening. The targets of Rhizoma coptidis and diabetes-related targets were collected by database retrieval and reverse docking techniques, and the biological process of cross-set proteins was analyzed. The inhibitory effects of Rhizoma coptidis on α-glucosidase, α-amylase activity, and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) were determined via in vitro experiments. In addition, the effects of Rhizoma coptidis on pre-adipocyte differentiation, absorption of glucose by adipocytes, and the level of intracellular triglyceride were investigated using the adipocyte differentiation model. Results: There were 11 potentially active ingredients in Rhizoma coptidis. IL-6, caspase-3, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), MYC, and estrogen receptor 1 were considered as the key genes. The bioinformatics analysis showed that Rhizoma coptidis played an anti-diabetic role mainly via biological processes and signaling pathways including hormone receptor activity, glutathione binding, steroid binding, etc. In vitro experiments showed that the extract of Rhizoma coptidis inhibited the activities of α-glucosidase and α-amylase, and the generation of AGEs; meanwhile, the extract promoted the absorption of glucose by adipocytes. In addition, the extract of Rhizoma coptidis decreased triglyceride level. Conclusions: Our network pharmacology and in vitro experiments demonstrate the anti-diabetic effects and possible underlying mechanisms of Rhizoma coptidis extract.

7.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 29-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865432

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the active ingredients, potential targets, and mechanism of Rhizoma coptidis by bioinformatics method, and to explore the hypoglycemic effect of Rhizoma coptidis by in vitro experiments. Methods: The chemical components of Rhizoma coptidis were collected through database search, and oral bioavailability and drug-likeness were used for preliminary screening. The targets of Rhizoma coptidis and diabetes-related targets were collected by database retrieval and reverse docking techniques, and the biological process of cross-set proteins was analyzed. The inhibitory effects of Rhizoma coptidis on α-glucosidase, α-amylase activity, and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) were determined via in vitro experiments. In addition, the effects of Rhizoma coptidis on pre-adipocyte differentiation, absorption of glucose by adipocytes, and the level of intracellular triglyceride were investigated using the adipocyte differentiation model. Results: There were 11 potentially active ingredients in Rhizoma coptidis. IL-6, caspase-3, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), MYC, and estrogen receptor 1 were considered as the key genes. The bioinformatics analysis showed that Rhizoma coptidis played an anti-diabetic role mainly via biological processes and signaling pathways including hormone receptor activity, glutathione binding, steroid binding, etc. In vitro experiments showed that the extract of Rhizoma coptidis inhibited the activities of α-glucosidase and α-amylase, and the generation of AGEs; meanwhile, the extract promoted the absorption of glucose by adipocytes. In addition, the extract of Rhizoma coptidis decreased triglyceride level. Conclusions: Our network pharmacology and in vitro experiments demonstrate the anti-diabetic effects and possible underlying mechanisms of Rhizoma coptidis extract.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 186-190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912720

ABSTRACT

Medical insurance payment model is transforming from project-based purchases to service bundle-based strategic purchases. The new form of bundled purchases should found on a scientifically-led design process of such bundles. The core to bundled purchase would be the payment standard, and the key to its success would be process control. Establishment of such a foundation, a core, and a key, would promote the current price standards, and lead service providers to a standardized medical service standard, so as to ensure a precise rewarding system of payment and service. The big data diagnosis-intervention packet(DIP)is able to fulfill mentioned ambitions by integrating insurance payment and supervision into one management. DIP is a full-process payment mode that encompasses pre-service estimation, in-service process control, post-service grading, and resource allocation. It is an innovative practice in line with China′s national conditions for the modern governance of medical security and medical services.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 967-972, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911823

ABSTRACT

TAF1 gene encodes TATA-box binding protein-associated factor-1, which serves as a scaffold for the assembly of the transcription factor ⅡD and participates in the transcription of many genes in eukaryotic cells. Human TAF1 possesses intrinsic protein kinase activity, histone acetyltransferase activity as well as ubiquitin-activating and conjugating activity, and these activities have been mapped to different domains. Currently, TAF1 has been identified as the causative gene of X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism and X-linked mental retardation. What′s more, a series of functional analysis have demonstrated the importance of TAF1 gene in cell cycle and cell growth, and its relationship with neurodevelopment and tumorigenesis has also been reported. This review summarizes the research progress of TAF1 including structure, phenotypes and biological function.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 793-798, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate and compare the normativity of overview report of systematic review (Overviews) of acupuncture and moxibustion at home and abroad so as to further improve the report quality of Overviews of acupuncture and moxibustion in China and provide reliable evidences.@*METHODS@#The articles relevant with Overviews of acupuncture and moxibustion at home and abroad were retrieved by computer from the databases of CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, China BioMedical Literature database (SinoMed), PubMed, Embase and Conchrane Library, dated from the time of establishment to February 12, 2019. The preferred reporting items for Overviews (PRIO-harms) was adopted to evaluate their normativity and make the comparison of the articles between China and foreign countries.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13 articles of Overviews of acupuncture and moxibustion were included, 9 articles of them were of Chinese version and the rest were of English version. The results of PRIO-harms indicated that the proportions of the item numbers related to adequate, partial and inadequate adherence of Chinese version were 3.7%, 63.8% and 32.5%, and those of English version were 12.0%, 57.4% and 30.6% respectively. The reports on the item 10 "additional search for primary studies", the item 12 "data items" and the item 26 "Dual/(co-)authorship" were inadequate adherence by 100% in the articles of both Chinese and English version.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall information of English article report is better than Chinese one, but the reports of either Chinese or English articles are not so satisfactory. It is suggested that the Overviews report should be in reference to the specification in PRIO-harms and the Chinese researchers should study the advantages of English article report and improve the normalization and report quality so as to obtain the high-quality evidences in evidence-based medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Moxibustion
11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 728-731, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the knowledge of the disease and demands of medical intervention in high-risk individuals of arteriosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD).Methods:The 10-year ASCVD incidence risk prediction model was used to screen ASCVD high-risk individuals from Luohu district of Shenzhen city. From October 2018 to April 2019,a semi-structured in-depth interview was conducted among ASCVD high-risk individuals selected by stratified sampling method according to age, gender and educational level. The original data were analyzed with Colaizzi′s seven-step analysis method.Results:Total 37 interviewees were enrolled with an average age of (65.2±8.9) years and with an average ASCVD risk value of (14.2±3.2). Three themes were extracted from the interview, including: (1) Majority interviewees had better Knowledge about the hazards and risk factors of ASCVD; (2) Most of the interviewees had lower medical demands; (3) The interviewees were more likely to focus on symptomatic diseases or diseases disturbing them.Conclusions:The asymptomatic high-risk ASCVD individuals generally have better awareness of ASCVD and less demands for intervention. The result indicates that for health education, not only the knowledge, but also the attitude and behavior should be enhanced.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1325-1330, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829119

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop a native adaptive behavior scale for children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD) and to explore its reliability and validity.@*Methods@#Items of ASD adaptive behavior rating scale were selected based on the scale development theory, ASD knowledge and adaptive behavior concept through preliminary survey and statistical, and 301 ASD children aged 2 to 12 from hospitals in Guangzhou, Huizhou, Shenzhen who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition were selected, data was analyzed by the item analysis.@*Results@#After item analysis and exploratory factor analysis, the final version of the scale contains 58 items, and 64.24% of the total variation could be explained by 6 factors; The Cronbach’s α coefficient of the full scale was 0.98, and the coefficient value of dimen sional factors were 0.94,0.93,0.91,0.95,0.88,0.94. The test-test reliability r of full scale was 0.86, the r of the factor were 0.88,0.81,0.81,0.87,0.88,0.79. The criterion-related validity r with the ABAS-Ⅱ scale was -0.77, the criterion-related validity r with the CARS scale was 0.64.@*Conclusion@#The ASD Child Adaptive Behavior Scale showed good reliability and validity, and could be used widely.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 67-73, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780556

ABSTRACT

Cionbufagin has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. It is of great value in the treatment of bone cancer pain, but its mechanism is still unclear. To generate a bone metastasis model of breast cancer, 4×105 Walker-256 cells were inoculated into the left hind limb of SD rats. The experimental protocol was approved by the Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Medical College of China Three Gorges University. Rats were randomly divided into sham, model, cionbufagin, morphine, saline, minocycline, microglia inhibitor (RS102895) and co-treatment with cionbufagin and minocycline group. The cionbufagin (5 mL·kg-1, i.p.), morphine (8 mg·kg-1, i.p.) and co-treatment groups (included cionbufagin 5 mL·kg-1, i.p.) received continuous administration from day 9 to day 21. The saline, minocycline (2.5 μg·μL-1, 20 μL), RS102895 (1.5 μg·μL-1, 20 μL) and co-treatment groups (included minocycline 2.5 μg·μL-1, 20 μL) received continuous administration by intrathecal cannulation from day 12 to day 21. Bone destruction of the left hind limb of rats was detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E). The pain threshold before treatment and at day 2, 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 17 and 20 was measured by behavioral indexes. Activation and expression of a microglia marker (Iba-1) was determined by immunofluorescence and Western blot. The level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rat spinal cord was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). H&E results showed that cionbufagin effectively inhibited the destruction of bone marrow in rats with bone cancer pain; cionbufagin treatment significantly increased the mechanical and thermal pain threshold. Immunofluorescence showed that cionbufagin effectively inhibited the activation of microglia in the spinal dorsal horn. Western blot analysis confirmed that the activation of microglia in the spinal dorsal horn was inhibited by cionbufagin treatment. It was also found that the CCL2/CCR2 pathway may be involved in the analgesic effect of cionbufagin. These results suggest that cionbufagin can effectively alleviate bone cancer pain, possibly by inhibiting the release of inflammatory factors and the activation of spinal microglia cells through the CCL2/CCR2 pathway.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 1150-1155, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of motherwort injection in the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding-ovulatory dysfunction(AUB-O),and provide data support for broadening the clinical application range of motherwort injection.METHODS: A multicenter,randomized,prospective study was used.The patients who were diagnosed with AUB-O in Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2018 were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group according to random numbers.There were 75 cases in the experimental group,7 cases were lost,and 68 cases were the final cases;another 75 cases were in the control group,4 cases were lost,and there were 71 cases in the end.In the control group,only the tranexamic acid was given.On the basis of this,the experimental group was given intramuscular injection of motherwort injection 2 mL/time,b.i.d.,for 3 consecutive days.The clinical TCM symptom scores,blood loss,blood routine,coagulation function,endometrial thickness and effective rate were compared between the two groups.All data were statistically analyzed using IBM SPSS 21.0.RESULTS: After treatment,the total effective rate of the experimental group was 97.06%,which was significantly better than that(84.51%)of the control group(P0.05),but on the 2nd day and the 3rd day after treatment,the difference was statistically different(P<0.05),and the cumulative amount of bleeding after 3 days of treatment was statistically different(P<0.05).The endometrial thickness of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group(P<0.01).CONCLUSION: Motherwort injection combined with basic therapy is effective in the treatment of AUB-O.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 889-895, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776246

ABSTRACT

The internationally-accepted Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) were applied to evaluate the literature quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding acupuncture for chronic neck pain in past 10 years. The literature of RCTs regarding acupuncture for chronic neck pain was searched by computer; the English literature was searched in PubMed and EMbase, while the Chinese literature was searched in CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database. The literature published from January 2008 to January 2018 was searched. As a result, 29 Chinese articles and 10 English articles were included. According to CONSORT, among Chinese articles, 28 articles (96.6%) described baseline data, 23 articles (79.3%) described randomization, 0 articles (0.0%) described allocation concealment, 3 articles (10.3%) described blind method; among English articles, 6 articles (60.0%) described baseline data, 8 articles (80.0%) described randomization, 8 articles (80.0%) described allocation concealment, and 7 articles (70.0%) described blind method. According to STRICTA, among Chinese articles, 8 articles (27.6%) described needle instrument selection, 18 articles (62.1%) described needle depth, 24 articles (82.8%) described needling sensation, and 0 articles (0.0%) described acupuncturist' qualifications; among English articles, 5 articles (50.0%) described needle instrument selection, 8 articles (80.0%) described needle depth, 3 articles (30.0%) described needling sensation, and 4 articles (40.0%) described acupuncturist' qualifications. In conclusion, the reporting of acupuncture details in Chinese literature is superior to that in English literature, while the reporting of trial design in English literature is slightly superior to that in Chinese literature. Moreover, both Chinese and English literature need to further improve clinical trial design to improve the reporting quality of clinical evidence based on CONSORT and STRICTA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Neck Pain , Therapeutics , PubMed , Publications , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 460-463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737981

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality and related determinants among centenarians in Hainan.Methods A cross-sectional study of centenarians from 16 cities/counties was carried out in Hainan province between June 2014 and June 2016.Data related to demography,chronic diseases and lifestyles of the centenarians were collected.Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to assess the quality of sleep while multivariable logistic Regression model was used to determine the risk factors on the quality of sleep.Results Of the 730 centenarians in this study,225 suffered from sleep disorders (30.8%).The average score of PSQI was (6.44 ± 3.05),with the top three problems related to sleep as sleep inefficiency (48.5%),sleep latency (35.5%),and daytime dysfuntion (20.6%) among the centenarians.Results from the multivariate logistic analysis showed that incontinence,cardiovascular disease and chronic pain were risk factors,while habitual afternoon nap,and regular diet appeared as protective factors (P<0.05),related to sleep disorder.Conclusions Quality of sleep had been a problem to the centenarians in Hainan.Intervention on risk factors of sleep disorder should be helpful on these centenarians.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 460-463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736513

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality and related determinants among centenarians in Hainan.Methods A cross-sectional study of centenarians from 16 cities/counties was carried out in Hainan province between June 2014 and June 2016.Data related to demography,chronic diseases and lifestyles of the centenarians were collected.Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to assess the quality of sleep while multivariable logistic Regression model was used to determine the risk factors on the quality of sleep.Results Of the 730 centenarians in this study,225 suffered from sleep disorders (30.8%).The average score of PSQI was (6.44 ± 3.05),with the top three problems related to sleep as sleep inefficiency (48.5%),sleep latency (35.5%),and daytime dysfuntion (20.6%) among the centenarians.Results from the multivariate logistic analysis showed that incontinence,cardiovascular disease and chronic pain were risk factors,while habitual afternoon nap,and regular diet appeared as protective factors (P<0.05),related to sleep disorder.Conclusions Quality of sleep had been a problem to the centenarians in Hainan.Intervention on risk factors of sleep disorder should be helpful on these centenarians.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 211-216, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712490

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status of the HR and payroll system at county public hospitals in Guangxi,and to put forward basic path and targeted policy suggestions of the reform.Methods In June 2016,a field survey was made on the HR and payroll status of county-level public hospitals in 14 prefecture level cities in Guangxi,along with descriptive and inferential analysis.Results During 2013 to 2015 period,the total income of the sample hospitals had increased to some extent, mainly due to rise of hospitals'business revenue.The multiple of medical workers''wages, given some rise, remained stable compared to average wages of urban employees,as their monthly after-tax income ranged but 3 001-5 000 yuan in most cases.A large salary gap was found between those within the staffing plan and those beyond, and the latter has higher turnover rate.The performance appraisal system is poorly accepted by medical workers,as only 1.34%of them hold their current pay as ideal.Conclusions The reforms should prioritize the payroll system, better the performance appraisal system, upgrade the staffing plan management and innovate HR recruitment mode.These measures should constitute the reform of the HR and payroll system at county public hospitals.

19.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1345-1350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710308

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the distribution of volatile components and inorganic elements from Vernonia amygdalina Del..METHODS Volatile components and inorganic elements in different parts of V.amygdalina were analyzed and measured by HS-SPME-GC-MS and ICP-OES techniques.RESULTS Forty-four,sixty-seven,fifty-seven chemical compounds were identified from the root,stem and leaves of V.amygdalina,accounting for 83.9%,92.0%,83.9% of the volatile components,respectively.Nineteen inorganic elements in total were detected,and the contents of As,Be,Bi,Co were too low to detect;The three inorganic elements with the highest content in root,stem and leaves were Mg,Al and Fe.CONCLUSION There are abundant volatile components and inorganic elements in V.amygdalina,with varying distribution in its different parts.

20.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 121-124, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667331

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of QT dispersion in myocardial remodeling and prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Methods Totally 76 patients admitted to hospital due to HFpEF in the period between years 2013-2015 were recruited.A 12-lead ECG,chest radiograph,echocardiogram,and serum for biochemical analysis were obtained at baseline.Patients were followed for 10.3 ± 2.6 months,the basic information of patients,medication details,laboratory examination,echocardiography and other clinical data,and the mortality rate and the incidence of the disease were collected and analyzed.Results During the follow-up,11 patients died (14.5%) with QT dispersion for 81.6 ± 25.7ms.65 patients survived,including 27 cases of readmission for cardiovascular events (35.5%) with QT dispersion for 73.8 ± 24.7ms.The remaining 38 patients without cardiovascular events (50%) with QT dispersion 64.8 ± 28.7ms.Univariate analysis showed that QTcmax and QTcd were the risk factors for death and cardiovascular events in HFpEF patients (P < 0.05).Cox's proportional hazards regression model analysis found that QTcd was the independent risk factors for death and cardiovascular events in HFpEF patients (P < 0.05).Pearson's correlation analysis showed that QTcd was significantly related with left ventricular end systolic diameter (P < 0.05),left ventricular end diastolic diameter (P < 0.05).Conclusion QT dispersion has clinical value in the diagnosis of myocardial remodeling and prognosis in patients with HFpEF.

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