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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923022

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of motherwort in the treatment of nerve injury. Methods The active components of motherwort were obtained by searching TCMSP and BATMAN-TCM databases. The action targets of candidate compounds were collected and predicted from TCMSP and SwissTargetPrediction (STP) databases. The target genes corresponding to the active components of motherwort were obtained by using the standardized database of disease targets (Uniprot). The potential targets of motherwort in the treatment of nerve injury were obtained by mapping the disease genes of nerve injury with the three databases of Genecards, DisGenet and OMIM. The network topology analysis software Cytoscape 3.6.0 was used to construct the action target network of motherwort active components. The protein interaction platform database (STRING) was used to construct the interaction relationship between action targets. The target protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by introducing Cytoscape 3.6.0 software. Through STRING database, GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were carried out to analyze the target points of motherwort in the treatment of nerve injury. Results 19 active components were screened from motherwort, involving 654 action targets, including 426 action targets related to nerve injury and 6 key targets. These target genes were mainly involved in biological regulation, oxidative stress response and cell communication and other biological processes. Molecular functions were mainly related to protein binding, ion binding and catalytic reduction. They were enriched outside the cell membrane. Its mechanism was related to signal pathways such as MAPK, Toll-like receptor, PI3K-Akt, TNF, IL-17, and apoptosis. Conclusion The active components of motherwort may play a protective role on nerve injury through anti-inflammation, anti-apoptosis and promoting cell growth.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901436

ABSTRACT

Background@#The H5 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of clade 2.3.4.4 circulate in wild and domestic birds worldwide. In 2017, nine strains of H5N6 AIVs were isolated from aquatic poultry in Xinjiang, Northwest China. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to analyze the origin, reassortment, and mutations of the AIV isolates. @*Methods@#AIVs were isolated from oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs of poultry. Identification was accomplished by inoculating isolates into embryonated chicken eggs and performing hemagglutination tests and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The viral genomes were amplified with RT-PCR and then sequenced. The sequence alignment, phylogenetic, and molecular characteristic analyses were performed by using bioinformatic software. @*Results@#Nine isolates originated from the same ancestor. The viral HA gene belonged to clade 2.3.4.4B, while the NA gene had a close phylogenetic relationship with the 2.3.4.4C H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) isolated from shoveler ducks in Ningxia in 2015. The NP gene was grouped into an independent subcluster within the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 AIVs, and the remaining six genes all had close phylogenetic relationships with the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 HPAIVs isolated from the wild birds in China, Egypt, Uganda, Cameroon, and India in 2016–2017, Multiple basic amino acid residues associated with HPAIVs were located adjacent to the cleavage site of the HA protein. The nine isolates comprised reassortant 2.3.4.4B HPAIVs originating from 2.3.4.4B H5N8 and 2.3.4.4C H5N6 viruses in wild birds. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that the Northern Tianshan Mountain wetlands in Xinjiang may have a key role in AIVs disseminating from Central China to the Eurasian continent and East African.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876712

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differentially expressed proteins between cypermethrin-resistant and -sensitive Culex pipiens pallens, so as to unravel the mechanism underlying the resistance to cypermethrin in Cx. p. pallens. Methods A quantitative proteomic analysis was performed among cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Results A total of 164 differentially expressed proteins were identified between cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens, including 54 up-regulated proteins and 110 down-regulated proteins. A large number of cuticular proteins, larval cuticular proteins, pupal cuticular proteins and cuticular structural constituent proteins, which are associated with cytoskeletal structure and components, were differentially expressed between cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens. Thirteen proteins, which were involved in energy production and conversion, translation, ribosomal structure and biogenesis, lipid transport and metabolism, post-translational modification, protein turnover, chaperones, cytoskeleton and intracellular transportation, were validated to be differentially expressed between cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens, which may serve as potential markers of cypermethrin resistance. Conclusion Multiple insecticide resistance mechanisms contribute to the resistance to cypermethrin in Cx. p. pallens, including cuticular resistance and metabolic resistance, and the cuticular protein genes and cytochrome P450 enzymes may play an important role in the resistance of Cx. p. pallens to cypermethrin.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 471-475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875722

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Excessive intake of sugar-sweetened beverages among children and adolescents could increase the risks of adverse health outcomes, including dental caries and obesity. This study reviewed the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among children and adolescents in China and the international strategies to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage. The aim of the study was to provide a reference for the introduction of relevant policies to control the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in children and adolescents in China. In summary, measures including a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, implementing front-of-pack labelling system, restricting marketing and publicity and education have been adopted to control the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in some countries, while public publicity and education have been adopted in China. It is suggested that comprehensive policies and measures should be adopted to control the intake of sugar-sweetened beverage among Chinese children.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875668

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of upadacitinib on the polarization and inflammation of BV2 microglia after oxygen glucose deprivation/recovery (OGD/R) and to explore its mechanism of action. Methods The experiment was divided into 3 groups: control group, OGD group and upadacitinib treatment group. After BV2 cells were treated with OGD/R, MTT was used to detect cell survival rate. Wound scratch assay was used to detect the cell migration ability. qPCR was used to detect mRNA levels of M1-type polarization markers (CD11b, CD32, iNOS) and M2-type polarization markers (Arg-1, IL-10, CD206) of BV2 cells. ELISA was used to detect the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the culture medium. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of JAK1/STAT6 pathway-related proteins. Results Upadacitinib increased the survival of BV2 cells after OGD/R (P<0.05), reduced the polarization of BV2 cells to M1 type (P<0.05). Upadacitinib significantly decreased the migration ability of BV2 cells induced by OGD/R (P<0.05), reduced the inflammatory factors secreted by BV2 cells induced by OGD/R: IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α (P<0.05). Upadacitinib increased the survival rate of co-cultured PC12 cells (P<0.05). Upadacitinib significantly inhibited the expression levels of p-JAK1 and p-STAT6 proteins in BV2 cells activated by OGD/R induction (P<0.05). Conclusion Upadacitinib decreases polarization of BV2 induced by OGD/R to M1 type and reduces inflammation, which is related to JAK1/STAT6 pathway.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1838-1844, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cervical cancer remains a major public health issue for the Uyghur women and other women living mainly in rural areas of Xinjiang. This study aims to investigate the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer in rural areas of Xinjiang, China.@*METHODS@#Cervical cancer screening was performed on rural women aged 35 to 64 years from Xinjiang, China in 2017 through gynecological examination, vaginal discharge smear microscopy, cytology, and HPV testing. If necessary, colposcopy and biopsy were performed on women with suspicious or abnormal screening results.@*RESULTS@#Of the 216,754 women screened, 15,518 received HPV testing. The HPV-positive rate was 6.75% (1047/15,518). Compared with the age 35-44 years group, the odds ratios (ORs) of HPV positivity in the age 45-54 years and 55-64 years groups were 1.18 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.37) and 1.84 (95% CI: 1.53-2.21), respectively. Compared with women with primary or lower education level, the ORs for HPV infection rates of women with high school and college education or above were 1.37 (95% CI: 1.09-1.72) and 1.62 (95% CI: 1.23-2.12), respectively. Uyghur women were less likely to have HPV infection than Han women, with an OR (95% CI) of 0.78 (0.61-0.99). The most prevalent HPV types among Xinjiang women were HPV 16 (24.00%), HPV 33 (12.70%), and HPV 52 (11.80%). The detection rate of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2+ was 0.14% and the early diagnosis rate of cervical cancer was 85.91%. The detection rates of vaginitis and cervicitis were 19.28% and 21.32%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The HPV infection rate in Xinjiang is low, but the detection rate of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions is higher than the national average level. Cervical cancer is a prominent public health problem in Xinjiang, especially in southern Xinjiang.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alphapapillomavirus , China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Rural Population , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology
7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 81-86, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the composition differences of intestinal microbiota in patients with colon cancer and rectal cancer.Methods:The fecal samples of 72 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from July 2018 to January 2019 were collected, and they were divided into colon cancer group and rectal cancer group, 36 cases in each group. DNA from fecal samples was extracted, and then high-throughput sequencing was performed on DNA. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the diversity and composition differences of intestinal microbiota between the two groups, and the potential cancer-promoting mechanisms of the differential flora were also discussed.Results:From high-throughput sequencing, 2 356 560 original sequences and 32 730 high-quality sequences were obtained from 72 samples. The average length of the sample sequence was mainly in the interval of 401-460 bp. And 1 409 operational taxonomic units (OTU) were acquired after OTU species taxonomy annotation of all the sequences. Alpha diversity analysis showed that Shannon index of the rectal cancer group and the colon cancer group was 2.61±0.56 and 2.43±0.67, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 1.229, P = 0.223); Simpson index of the rectal cancer group and the colon cancer group was 0.17±0.09 and 0.21±0.16, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 1.449, P = 0.151). Differences analysis of both groups and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) showed at the phylum level, Firmicutes were more abundant in the intestine of patients with rectal cancer (LDA = 4.67, P = 0.014), while Proteobacteria were more abundant in the gut of colon cancer patients (LDA = 4.49, P = 0.042). From the perspective of class level, the abundance of Gammaproteobacteria was higher in the intestine of patients with colon cancer (LDA = 4.50, P = 0.033), while the abundance of Erysipelotrichia was higher in the intestine of patients with rectal cancer (LDA = 3.50, P = 0.035). At the order level, the abundance of Erysipelotrichales was higher in the intestine of patients with rectal cancer (LDA = 3.50, P = 0.035); at the family level, the abundance of Porphyromonadaceae was higher in the intestine of patients with rectal cancer (LDA = 3.97, P = 0.033). Conclusion:The compositions of intestinal microbiota in patients with colon cancer and rectal cancer are significantly different, indicating that the different floras may contribute to the progression of colon cancer and rectal cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze phylogenetic structure and molecular characteristics of H5N6 avian influenza virus (AIVs) isolated from live poultry market (LPM).Methods:Oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs from poultry, and environmental samples were collected from LPM in Urumqi in December 2018, AIVs were isolated and identified by inoculation of chicken embryo, hemagglutination test and RT-PCR, the viral whole genome was amplified with the universal primers of influenza A virus, and then sequenced, pairwise sequence alignments, phylogenetic and molecular characteristics analysis were performed by BLAST, Clustal W, MEGA-X and DNAStar software.Results:Six strains of H5N6 AIVs were isolated from poultry samples, the identity between the viral genes was high (99.4%-100.0%), so the isolates were the same source. BLAST analysis revealed that the viral NP sequence had the highest identity (99.7%) with H5N6 AIVs isolated from poultry in Suzhou, while the sequence of the remaining 7 viral genes had the highest identity (99.0%-100.0%) with H5N6 AIVs isolated from environment in Guangdong during 2017 to 2018. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the viral HA belonged to Clade 2.3.4.4C, and the viral HA, NA, PB1, PA, NP, and MP were all clustered together with H5N6 AIVs isolated from mink in Eastern China in 2018, while the PB2 and NS were clustered together with H5N6 AIVs isolated from environment in Guangdong from 2017 to 2018. The HA cleavage site contained multiple basic amino acid residues, which was highly pathogenic AIVs (HPAIVs). S137A and T160A mutations of HA could increase binding to human-type receptor SAα2, 6-Gal. Additionally, the viral multiple mutations, including 59-69 deletion in NA, the L89V, G309D, R477G, I495V, I504V, D391E, and A661E in PB2, as well as the P42S, D92E, and 80-84 deletion in NS1, could enhance the viral virulence and pathogenicity to mammals. Conclusions:The 6 strains of H5N6 HPAIVs isolated from LPM have relatively close genetic relationship with H5N6 AIVs isolated from mink in Eastern China and environment in Guangdong during 2017 to 2018, the viral multiple mutations could increase its pathogenicity to mammals, which could pose a potential risk to public health.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 313-320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hemoglobin (Hb) volatility on cardiovascular prognosis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:Retrospective cohort study was designed. Patients undergoing stable PD for more than 3 months and followed up regularly for at least 1 year were enrolled from May 1, 2013 to October 31, 2014 in the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University. According to the Hb variation based on the mean changes in Hb standard deviation at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months over baseline Hb, all patients were divided into low volatility group (≤10 g/L), moderate volatility group (>10-20 g/L) and high volatility group (>20 g/L), and baseline information were compared among these groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression equation were used to analyze the relationship between Hb variation and cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Besides, the patients were divided into qualified group (Hb≥110 g/L) and substandard group (Hb<110 g/L) by the Hb level at the study endpoint (cardiovascular death and all-cause death) according to KDIGO guidelines and relevant literature. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between Hb variation and cardiovascular death in qualified group or substandard group. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of Hb fluctuation in PD patients.Results:A total of 267 patients were enrolled. There were 160 males (59.93%) in this study. The age was (52.66±13.72) years old, and the median dialysis age was 37(21, 61) months. The patients' baseline Hb (before dialysis) was (80.16±14.89) g/L and at the end of the study Hb was (105.34±22.08) g/L. Body mass index and baseline Hb levels in the high volatility group were lower than those in low volatility group and moderate volatility group (all P<0.05). Both moderate and high volatility groups had lower estimated glomerular filtration rate than that in low volatility group, and high volatility group had higher urea nitrogen level than that in low volatility group (all P<0.05). The amount of erythropoietin usage in the high volatility group was higher than that in moderate volatility group ( P<0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis results showed that there was no significant difference in survival rate for all-cause death (Log-rank χ2=0.735, P=0.693) and cardiovascular death (Log-rank χ2=2.961, P=0.228) in different Hb volatility groups. Cox regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, sex, serum creatinine, and blood albumin, higher Hb volatility was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular death ( HR=0.972, 95% CI 0.947-0.999, P=0.040). After adjusting for related confounding factors, higher Hb volatility was still a protective factor for cardiovascular death in the substandard group ( HR=0.946, 95% CI 0.903-0.992, P=0.022), but there was no significant correlation between Hb fluctuation and all-cause death. Multivariate linear regression analysis results showed that the fluctuation level of Hb was positively correlated with Kt/V ( B=4.682, 95% CI 2.480-6.884, P<0.001) and erythropoietin dosages ( B=0.001, 95% CI 0-0.001, P=0.003), and negatively correlated with baseline Hb ( B=-0.554, 95% CI -0.651--0.457, P<0.001). Conclusions:High Hb variability is a protective factor for cardiovascular death in PD patients with lower Hb level (substandard Hb). Adopting a reasonable program to correct anemia timely to reach the standard level has a greater impact on reducing risk of cardiovascular death in PD patients than Hb variation in anemia treatment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the value of CD4 + and CD8 + T-lymphocyte counts for the diagnostic classification and prognosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods:A total of 95 COVID-19 adult patients admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University from January to March 2020 were recruited. The CD4 + and CD8 + T-lymphocyte counts among ordinary, severe and critical patients, as well among the cured, improved, unimproved and death patients were compared. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to evaluate the value of CD4 + and CD8 + T-lymphocyte counts for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of COVID-19. The comparison among groups was performed by Mann-Whitney U test. Results:A total of 95 COVID-19 cases including 68 common, 11 severe and 16 critical cases were enrolled. The counts of CD4 + and CD8 + T-lymphocyte of patients in common, severe and critical groups were 419 (309, 612), 267 (212, 540), 141 (77, 201)/μL, and 238 (153, 375), 128 (96, 172), 92 (51, 144)/μL, respectively, with significant differences ( Z=24.322 and 15.956, respectively, both P<0.01). The counts of CD4 + and CD8 + T-lymphocyte of the death, unimproved, improved, and cured patients were 149 (143, 349), 315 (116, 414), 344 (294, 426), 745 (611, 966)/μL, and 106 (43, 501), 176(67, 279), 194(188, 432), 429(276, 564)/μL, respectively, with significant differences ( Z=36.083 and 16.658, respectively, both P<0.01). The optimal cut-off point of CD4 + T-lymphocyte counts was 237/μL for critical COVID-19 with AUROC 0.911 (95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.833-0.989, P<0.01), with the sensitivity of 86.1% and specificity of 87.5%. For predicting severe and critical cases, the optimal cut-off point of CD4 + T-lymphocyte counts was 405/μL with AUROC 0.863 (95% CI 0.727-0.999, P=0.001), with the sensitivity of 78.6% and specificity of 74.6%. Conclusions:The conditions of patients with COVID-19 are aggravated with CD4 + and CD8 + T-lymphocyte counts decreasing. CD4 + T-lymphocyte counts may be an indicator for diagnostic classification of COVID-19 and prognostic indicator for severe and critical patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of the sleep quality and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and analyze the different effects of sleep quality on HRQoL among young and middle-aged people.Methods:A cross-sectional study recruited 1 976 participants.All participants completed a self-designed questionnaire for the adults' general condition, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Short-Form health survey (SF-36). All participants were divided into 3 age groups: 18-29-year-old group( n=1 148), 30-44-year-old group( n=586) and 45-59-year-old group ( n=242). SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Chi-square test was used to analyze the general characteristics of the three age groups.Non-parametric test was used to analyze the scores of the three age groups in different dimensions of sleep quality. One-way ANOVA was used to analyze the mean scores of the three age groups in different dimensions of HRQoL. Stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the effect of sleep quality on HRQoL among the three groups after control the confounding factors such as marital status, education, smoking, drinking and exercise habits and past medical history. Results:In terms of sleep quality, the total PSQI scores of 18-29-year-old, 30-44-year-old and 45-59-year-old groups(4(2, 6), 4(2, 6), 4(2, 6)) showed statistically significant differences ( Z=10.951, P=0.004). In terms of HRQoL, there were statistically significant differences in physical component summary scores (18-29-year-old: 82.51±12.62, 30-44-year-old: 80.72±13.63, 45-59-year-old: 82.04±13.07, F=3.667, P=0.026) and mental component summary scores(18-29-year-old: 76.09±15.46, 30-44-year-old: 77.20±16.14, 45-59-year-old: 81.82±14.14, F=13.649, P<0.001) among young and middle-aged people in different age groups.Regression analysis found that daytime dysfunction was an independent influencing factor for HRQoL in young and middle-aged population ( β=-0.308--0.425, all P<0.01). Sleep disorders significantly decreased Physical Component Summary of HRQoL in young-aged people ( β=-0.127--0.215, all P<0.01). The use of hypnotic drugs significantly reduced the scores in the physiological field in the young adults aged 30-44 ( β=-0.076, P<0.05). The duration of sleep significantly decreased the scores in the mental domain of young adults aged 30-44 ( β=-0.112, P<0.01). Subjective sleep quality was an independent factor that significantly decreased HRQoL in young adults aged 18-29 and 30-44 years ( β=-0.089--0.169, all P<0.01). Conclusion:Sleep quality and HRQoL of young and middle-aged people in different age groups show different characteristics.The effect of sleep quality on HRQoL is different among people in different ages.Taking targeted interventions for people of different ages to improve the sleep quality may be an effective way to improve their HRQoL.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and precautions of laparoscopic pyeloplasty for children with hydronephrosis combined with renal trauma.Methods:The clinical data of 6 cases with hydronephrosis and renal trauma admitted to the Department of Pediatric Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2016 to August 2019, aged from 5 to 11 years old (average age 7 years old) were reviewed.These patients had suffered renal trauma for 1 to 4 days.All patients had the symptoms of pain in the affected kidney, and 4 patients had hematuria.The renal pelvis diameter of all patients was more than 25 mm.The patients underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty and renal rupture repairment, with the ureteral stent, perirenal drainage tube and catheter placed inside the body during the operation.Results:All operations were completed successfully without any blood transfusion and open surgery.Intrao-perative time was from 2.5 to 3.5 hours.Two cases had renal parenchymal contusion in the front lower pole of kidneys and 4 cases in the lateral lower pole.Five cases had renal cortex and pelvis rupture, and 1 case had renal cortical fracture and subcapsular hematoncus.After the operation, the perinephric drainage tube was pulled out in 3 to 5 days, the catheter was pulled out in 7 to 10 days, and the ureteral stent was removed in 6 to 8 weeks.All children recovered well and hydronephrosis was ameliorated.The glomerular filtration rates and fractional renal function were all improved.Conclusions:One stage laparoscopic pyeloplasty is safe and effective for the treatment of hydronephrosis with renal trauma in children.Renal trauma in children usually occurs at the lower pole of the kidney.Early operation is needed if hydronephrosis is aggravated and symptoms are not relieved after the trauma.Intraoperative impairment of renal parenchymal rupture can be conducted.For intraoperative bleeding in grade 3 renal injury, renal parenchyma suturation and removal of necrotic renal tissue should be adopted to arrest bleeding.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882294

ABSTRACT

Protracted bacterial bronchitis(PBB)is one of the main causes of chronic cough in children.At present, the pathogenesis of PBB is mainly related to airway persistent bacterial infection, airway inflammatory response, immune dysfunction, airway deformity and airway microbial population disorder, especially airway persistent bacterial infection and airway inflammatory response.This reviwe summarizes the progress on the pathogenesis of PBB, in order to improve the understanding of clinical workers on PBB.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1421-1427, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide assistance for the smooth implementation of classification management policies of retail pharmacies in Guangdong province and the scientific supervision of retail pharmacies by relevant departments. METHODS :In this study,key interviews were conducted among 68 interviewees,involving experts from Guangdong drug regulatory department ,head of retail pharmacies and research experts on relevant policies of universities. The current situation ,problems and suggestions of the classification management policy of retail pharmacies in Guangdong province were summarized. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS : The implementation of the classification management policies for retail pharmacies in Guangdong province operated well. Drug regulatory authorities at all levels could conduct daily supervision in accordance with policy requirements. Retail pharmacies operated in strict accordance with the classification management policy and established a relatively complete quality management system. However ,there were still problems such as difficulty in policy implementation ,insufficient policy clarity ,increased regulatory pressure and regulatory risks from government regulatory agencies ,rising operating costs and increasing pressure in retail pharmacies,the large gap of licensed pharmacists ,difficult to investigate and deal with “affiliation of certificate ”behavior,and difficult survival for remote pharmacies ,and the impact on the convenience of drug use of the public. It is suggested to improve the content of the policy ,introduce related supporting measures ,strengthen the construction of the supervisory team ,increase policy publicity,improve the ways and methods to investigate and deal with the “affiliation of certificate ”behavior of licensed pharmacists, and help retail pharmacies to diversify their operations and chain operations. It is recommended that relevant government departments should further improve the content of the policy and actively adjust the supervision methods to make the policy better implemented.

15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 165-173, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880921

ABSTRACT

TET2, a member of ten-eleven translocation (TET) family as α-ketoglutarate- and Fe

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878708

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN),a chronic diabetic microvascular complication with a high incidence among diabetic patients,increases the risk of diabetic foot and amputation.Many methods are available for screening and evaluating DPN,including traditional 10 g monofilament,tuning fork and vibration perception,and tendon reflex tests,which should be combined with some nerve function score systems to improve the detection rate and accuracy for DPN.In recent years,a number of noninvasive new techniques have been developed for the evaluation of nerve injury,such as corneal confocal microscopy,quantitative sensory testing,current perception threshold test,sympathetic sudomotor function evaluation,and quantitative detection of skin advanced glycation end products.This paper reviews these noninvasive methods for screening and evaluating DPN to help clinicians detect and focus on DPN early.


Subject(s)
Cornea , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot , Diabetic Neuropathies/diagnosis , Humans , Mass Screening , Microscopy, Confocal
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888223

ABSTRACT

In order to study the effect of light with different wavelengths on the motion behavior of carp robots, phototaxis experiment, anatomical experiment, light control experiment and speed measurement experiment were carried out in this study. Blue, green, yellow and red light with different wavelength were used to conduct phototaxis experiments on carp to observe their movement behavior. By dissecting the skull bones of the carp to determine the appropriate location to carry the light control device, we independently developed a light control carrying device which was suitable for any illumination intensity environment. The experiment of the light-controlled carp robots was carried out. The motion behavior of the carp robot was checked by using computer binocular stereo vision technology. The motion trajectory of the carp robot was tracked and obtained by applying kernel correlation filter (KCF) algorithm. The motion velocity of the carp robot at different wavelengths was calculated according to their motion trajectory. The results showed that carps' sensitivity to different light changed from strong to weak in the order of blue, red, yellow and green, so that using light with different wavelengths to control the speed of the carp robot has certain laws to follow. A new method to avoid brain damage in carp robots control can be provided in this study.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Animals , Carps , Motion , Phototaxis , Robotics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912505

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critically ill patients with complex etiology and high morbidity, which is closely related to the patient's mortality rate, hospital stay and long-term poor outcomes. Therefore, timely detection of AKI in the early reversible stage is particularly important to prevent its progression to renal failure and initiating renal replacement therapy. Therefore, exploring the relevant biomarkers in the occurrence and development of acute kidney injury has important clinical significance for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-7 (IGFBP-7) are used as cell cycle arrest proteins, which has shown certain advantages in the early diagnosis, risk stratification, prognosis judgment, and treatment effect of acute kidney injury. Cell cycle arrest protein [TIMP-2]×[IGFBP-7] plays a role in acute kidney injury caused by various reasons and can be used as a reference index for disease prognosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of array comparative genomic hybridization(aCGH) in the unexpected detection of Duchenne muscular dystrophy ( DMD) gene duplication/deletion in prenatal diagnosis. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 cases with DMD gene duplication/deletion detected by aCGH among 5 025 prenatal diagnosis samples without family history of DMD in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from July 2018 to December 2019. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method was used to verify the above results. The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guideline was referred for pathogenicity analysis of the detected duplicates/deletions. Descriptive analysis was adopted in analysis. Results:The total unexpected DMD gene duplication/deletion rate was 0.62% (31/5 025), among which 25 cases were with microduplication/microdeletion ≤ 200 kb and six were >200 kb; there were 24 cases of deletion, seven cases of duplication; exon or intron duplication/deletion were accounted for 19 and 12 cases, respectively. According to the five classification standards of ACMG guideline, there were 17 cases with pathogenic variants and 14 cases with uncertain pathogenicity/likely benign variants. Of the 19 with exon mutations, 17 cases were DMD intragenic variants, and two cases involved variants in and outside DMD gene, which were verified by MLPA whose results were all positive. Conclusions:The duplication/deletion of exon region of DMD gene detected by aCGH technique is accurate and reliable, which plays an important role in the diagnosis of DMD. For these cases involved both internal and external regions of DMD gene, aCGH can identify the upstream and downstream breaking points of DMD gene, thus providing the basis for ACMG grading.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 990-993, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical and histopathological characteristics of nevoid melanoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical and histopathological data collected from 3 patients with nevoid melanoma diagnosed in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from 2000 to 2020.Results:Among the 3 patients with nevoid melanoma, 2 were females and 1 was male. Skin lesions initially manifested as black macules and papules. After surgical resection, 2 patients developed new nodular lesions or recurrent skin lesions which enlarged into plaques. Histopathological examination showed proliferation of epithelioid melanocytes in the epidermis and dermis, with cytological atypia and some deeply stained nuclei. Immunohistochemical study revealed positive staining for Melan-A and S100 in tumor cells in the skin lesions, diffusely positive staining for HMB45 in dermal tumor cells, locally negative staining for HMB45 in the deep dermis, increased Ki67 proliferation index, and active expression of cyclin D1.Conclusion:Nevoid melanoma is easy to be misdiagnosed as pigmented nevi or seborrheic keratosis; when recurrence or metastasis occurs in patients with histologically diagnosed pigmented nevi, attention should be paid to the possibility of nevoid melanoma.

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