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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 840-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with medium and high risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#97 MDS patients above the age of 60 treated in Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from February 2011 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of the MDS patients with medium risk, high risk or very high risk based on IPSS-R category were retrospectively analyzed. According to the difference of treatment regimes, the patients were divided into the transplantation group, chemotherapy group and other treatment group, and the efficacy among the patients in the 3 groups were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#MDS with excess blast (MDS-EB) in the elderly patients with medium and high risk MDS were the most common, 47.4% of the patients with abnormal chromosome karyotypes, and 23.7% with complex karyotypes (≥3). 97.3% of the patients showed at least one gene mutation, and TP53 mutations were detected in nearly 20% of the patients with medium and high risk. Multivariate analysis showed that IPSS-R category and treatment regimes were the factors affecting the prognosis of elderly patients with medium and high risk MDS. The median overall survival (OS) time of the patients in the 3 groups showed significant difference (P=0.012), and the median OS of the patients in the transplantation group was significantly longer than that in the chemotherapy group and other group (P=0.003,P=0.014,respectively), while there was no significant difference in median OS between chemotherapy group and other treatment group (P=0.685).@*CONCLUSION@#Elderly MDS patients with medium and high risk can benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which will prolong their OS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1977-1984, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between U2AF1 gene mutation and clinical manifestations and prognosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 203 MDS patients who accepted Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) was retrospectively analyzed in Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from December 2012 to October 2019. According to whether the patients had U2AF1 gene mutation, the patients were divided into U2AF1 mutated group and non-mutated group, and the relationship between gene mutation characteristics and clinical manifestations and prognosis was analyzed. Then according to the difference of the mutation site of U2AF1, the patients in U2AF1 mutated group were divided into U2AF1@*RESULTS@#The incidence of U2AF1 mutation in MDS patients was approximately 11.3% (23/203), and the mutation frequency of U2AF1 allele was 32.5%. The male ratio in U2AF1 mutated group was significantly higher than that in U2AF1 non-mutated group (P=0.001). There was no patient who had complex karyotypes or TP53 gene mutation in U2AF1 mutated group. There were no significant differences in ages, blood parameters, bone marrow blasts, WHO 2016 classification, IPSS-R category, chromosomal abnormalities like del(5q), -7/del(7q), del(20q), +8, and gene mutation like ASXL1, DNMT3A, RUNX1, SF3B1, and SRSF2 mutation between U2AF1 mutated group and the non-mutated group. Compared with the non-mutated group, there was no significant difference in the overall survival time (P=0.377), the time of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transformation (P=0.681), and the response rate to hypome- thylating agents in U2AF1 mutated group (P=0.556). Besides, no differences were observed in sex, diagnosis age, WHO 2016 classification, IPSS-R category, blood parameters, overall survival time, and AML transformation time between U2AF1@*CONCLUSION@#The U2AF1 gene mutation dose not affect the survival time, AML transformation time, and response rate to hypomethylating agents in MDS patients. Besides, there are no statistical differences in the clinical characteristics and prognosis of MDS patients between U2AF1


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Splicing Factor U2AF/genetics
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 14-19, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether cell preservation solution can prolong the survival time of leukemia cells and increase the survival rate, so as to improve the detection rate of central nervous system leukemia.@*METHODS@#Kasumi cells were added into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) supernatant with or without cell preservation solution to compare cell viability and biological characteristics at different time point. Wright Giemsa staining was used to compare cell morphology; cell counting, CCK-8 method, and trypan blue staining were used to compare the cell number, and flow cytometry was used to compare the cell viability. The expression of AML-ETO tumor fusion gene was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#At different time points (8 h and 24 h), the survival, molecular biological characteristics and RT-PCR result of the cells in CSF with cell preservation solution were significantly better than those in normal cerebrospinal fluid.@*CONCLUSION@#Cell preservation solution can effectively improve the survival time and survival rate of leukemic cells, thereby increase the detection rate of CNS leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Leukemia , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 807-813, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286894

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the incidence and risk factors of sclerodermatous chronic graft-versus-host disease (ScGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 259 patients undergoing allo-HSCT in Nanfang Hospital between January, 2012 and December, 2014 were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chronic GVHD following allo-HSCT occurred in 134 (51.7%) cases, among whom 22 patients showed sclerodermatous features at a median of 12.5 months (range 4-28 months) after the transplantation. The overall incidence of ScGVHD was 8.49% (22/259) in the recipients and 16.4% (22/134) in those with cGVHD. Univariate analysis showed that the conditioning regimen with total body irradiation (P=0.031), GVHD prophylaxis with MMF (P=0.046), presence of chronic GVHD (P=0.008), and donor lymphocyte infusion (P=0.001) were all closely associated with the occurrence of ScGVHD. Multivariate analysis identified chronic GVHD (RR=3.512, 95%CI: 1.235-9.987, P=0.018) and donor lymphocyte infusion (RR=5.217, 95%CI: 1.698-16.029, P=0.004) as the independent risk factors of ScGVHD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ScGVHD following allo-HSCT is not a common complication, and cGVHD and donor lymphocyte infusion are the independent risk factors for ScGVHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft vs Host Disease , Epidemiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Incidence , Risk Factors , Transplantation Conditioning
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 178-182, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259618

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was to analyze the acute heart failure's risk factors and clinical characteristics for the patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) during the early stage (within 100 d) of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 106 cases of CML received allo-HSCT were retrospectively studied in Nanfang Hospital from May 2003 to May 2013. On the basis of existence or absence of acute heart failure during early stage of allo-HSCT (100 d), the patients were divided into heart failure (15 cases) and control group (91 cases). Using Logistic univariate analysis, Fisher' exact test and Pearson X(2) test, the acute heart failure's risk factors and clinical characteristics of both groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median occurrence time of acute heart failure was 3 d (1 d before transplantation to 84 d after transplantation). Logistic univariate analysis indicated that the imatinib treatment history and time, and the prophylaxis regimens for GVHD with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) were all the poor prognostic factors for acute heart failure. Incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD), bacterial infection and adverse prognostic events including death in the heart failure group patients were statistically higher than that in control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acute heart failure mostly happened in the early stage after allo-HSCT, imatinib treatment and GVHD prophylaxis regimens with ATG are the poor prognostic factors for acute heart failure. The patients of heart failure group seem to have higher incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD), bacterial infection and deaths.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Allografts , Antilymphocyte Serum , Benzamides , Heart Failure , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease , Imatinib Mesylate , Incidence , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Piperazines , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1451-1454, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish allo-transplantation model by using mRFP⁺ to eGFP⁺ transgenic mice and to observe the distribution of donor cells and donor-recipient cellular interaction in the bone marrow after semi-solid decalcification (SSD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After myeloablative irradiation, C57BL/6 female eGFP⁺ transgenic mice were infused with (5 × 10⁶) bone marrow cells from FVB male donor mice through tail vein. The control group was infused with PBS. Then the general conditions, engraftment level, hematopoietic recovery, incidence of GVHD and survival of recipients were evaluated after transplantation. In the recovery process, SSD was used to treat the femora before observing the cells distribution, morphology and interaction by confocal microscopy directly or after making frozen section.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>WBC of recipient eGFP⁺ mice was recovered on (20 ± 3.07) d, (93.94 ± 1.59)% in peripheral cells were RFP⁺ cells (n = 10), GVHD happened in 4 of 10 mice within 1 month. During SSD, the hard components were replaced gradually and RFP⁺ cells could be seen mainly in the bone trabecula and surrounded by eGFP⁺ cells under confocal microscope, their interactions could be further observed clearly in bone marrow microenvironment in three-dimensional reconstruction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The double fluorescent allo-transplantation mouse model successfully established, by means of our novel protocol named SSD, the donor and recipient cell location and their interaction can be visually observed, which provides the basis for clinical studies on the distribution and homing of donor cells, and some related explorations after transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Disease Models, Animal , Graft vs Host Disease , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 842-846, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302388

ABSTRACT

PCR is an enabling and preferred technology for the detection of DNA or mRNA in genomic age, and has been widely used in molecular medicine, biotechnology, microbiology and diagnostics. PCR has many excellent traits, such as high specificity and sensitivity, short handle time, reliable and effective results, low demand for sample. In recent years, real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) has acquired an impressive improvement in the detection of mRNA, it has a perfect sensitivity and can quantify some rare mRNA copies as low as less ten. The progress in PCR results in a more strict demand for sample, so it is necessary to take the potential PCR-inhibitory components in peripheral blood and bone marrow samples into account again. This review explores the potential PCR-inhibitory components in peripheral blood and bone marrow samples, and discusses the possible mechanism and solutions for the inhibition effect, also emphasizes the potent effect of the frequently-used anticoagulant heparin sodium in PCR. This article will be helpful to assess the PCR detection results (especially qRT-PCR ) in some degree, for example, can use it to decide whether the PCR detection results are reasonable for some low-expression genes, or use it to eliminate the false negative results generated by PCR-inhibitory components in sample.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Examination , Hematologic Tests , Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1243-1247, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283944

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to assess the effect of Astragalus Polysaccharide (ASPS) on in-vitro hematopoiesis. CFU-GM assays were used to determine the effect of ASPS and thrombopoietin (TPO) on granulocytic-monocyte progenitor cells. The CFU assays were also used to investigate the effect of ASPS on the proliferation of HL-60 cells.HL-60 cells were cultured with serum-free RPMI 1640 medium and treated with or without of different concentrations of ASPS. After 72 h incubation, the number of cells were counted.In addition, the caspase-3 and JC-1 expression was determined by flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining. The results showed that ASPS (100, 200 µg/ml) and TPO (100 ng/ml) significantly promoted CFU-GM formation in vitro. Various concentrations of ASPS and TPO also promoted the colony formation of HL-60 cells, the largest effect of ASPS was observed at a concentration of 100 µg/ml. There were no synergistic effects between TPO and ASPS on cellular proliferation. The results also showed that ASPS significantly protected HL-60 cells from apoptosis in condition of serum-free medium culture, suppressed caspase 3 activation, and reduced the cell apoptosis. It is concluded that ASPS can significantly promote the formation of bone marrow CFU-GM and the proliferation of HL-60 cells, the optimal concentration of ASPS is at 100 µg/ml. In the absence of serum inducing apoptosis, ASPS also significantly reduced the apoptosis of HL-60 cells via suppressing the activation of caspase-3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Astragalus Plant , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , HL-60 Cells , Hematopoiesis , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Thrombopoietin , Pharmacology
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 98-102, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345932

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from a third party donor for secondary poor graft function (PGF) following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five patients with secondary PGF were treated with MSC at a dose of 1 x 10(6)/kg body weight at a median of 47 days (35 to 61) after secondary PGF. MSC were derived from bone marrow (BM) of HLA-disparate third party donors, cultured in vitro and infused without HSC. If absolute neutrophil cell (ANC) and platelet counts (PLT) did not reach the standardization of > 1.5 x 10(9)/L and > 50.0 x 10(9)/L, respectively, within 28-30 days after the first MSC treatment, a second MSC treatment was required.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MSC were infused once in one patient and twice in four patients with an interval of 28 to 30 days. All patients obtained ANC and PLT recovery at a median of 34 (25 to 49) days and 47 (26 to 54) days, respectively, without toxic side effects within follow-up periods of median 761 (204-1491) days. Three patients developed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation at 42, 48, 108 days after MSC infusion, respectively and two of the three coverted to posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSC from a third party donor are effective to patients with secondary PGF following allo-HSCT, whether it might increase the risk of EBV reactivation and EBV-associated PTLD need further observation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Transplantation, Homologous
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 142-145, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331002

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish a method for rapid detecting BK polyomavirus (BKV) and to investigate the feasibility and value used in leukemia patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Primers were designed according to BKV gene sequence; the quantitative standards for BKV and a real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR for BKV were established. The BKV level in urine samples from 36 patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were detected by established method. The results showed that the standard of reconstructed plasmid and real time fluorescent quantitative PCR method were successfully established, its good specificity, sensitivity and stability were confirmed by experiments. BKV was found in 55.56% of urine samples, and the BKV load in urine was 2.46 × 10(4) - 7.8 × 10(9) copy/ml. It is concluded that the establishment of real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR for BKV detection provides a method for early diagnosis of the patients with hemorrhagic cystitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , BK Virus , Case-Control Studies , Cystitis , Virology , DNA Primers , DNA, Viral , Urine , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemorrhage , Virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Polyomavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Virology , Viral Load
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1190-1192, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235166

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the bone marrow and peripheral blood, and explore the relationship between MDSC and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow, peripheral blood and peripheral blood stem cells were obtained from 12 healthy hemopoietic stem cell donors before and on day 5 after G-CSF mobilization. Flow cytometry was employed to examine the number of MDSC, and the relationship between MDSC number and the incidence of GVHD was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In normal physiological conditions, MDSC could be detected in the peripheral blood and bone marrow with a cell percentages of (1.35±0.35)% and (2.44±1.11)%, respectively, showing a significantly higher cell percentage in the bone marrow (P=0.015). On the 5th day after G-CSF mobilization, the percentage of MDSCs increased to (4.01±1.82)% in the peripheral blood and to (4.38±2.19)% in the bone marrow, showing no significant difference between them (P=0.083). The mobilization caused a significant increase in the number of MDSCs in the peripheral blood (P=0.047) but not in the bone marrow (P=0.761). The number of MDSCs in the collected samples showed a significant inverse correlation to the incidence of GVHD (P=0.048).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MDSCs are present in the peripheral blood and bone marrow of healthy donors, with a greater number in the bone marrow. G-CSF can mobilize the MDSCs from the bone marrow to the peripheral blood to increase number of MDSCs in the peripheral blood, which may contribute to a lowered incidence of GVHD in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1314-1318, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261877

ABSTRACT

Imatinib mesylate has been commonly used in the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, a significant number of CML patients treated with imatinib developed thrombocytopenia. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)/platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) plays a significant role in the regulation of thrombopoiesis. It is suggested that imatinib may block the PDGF/PDGFR and PI3-K/Akt pathway, then inducing the apoptosis of megakaryocytes and developing thrombocytopenia in these patients. In this review, the potential molecular mechanism of imatinib-induced thrombocytopenia in the treatment of CML patients is discussed, including imatinib and thrombocytopenia, PDGF/PDGFR and thrombopoiesis, potential mechanism of imatinib-induced thrombocytopenia in treatment of patients with CML and so on.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Benzamides , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombopoiesis
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 438-442, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307915

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the influence of HLA compatibility on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This retrospective study involved 121 CML patients including 90 in chronic phase, 8 in accelerated phase and 23 with blast crisis. Of these patients, 85 received related and 36 had unrelated donor allo-HSCT. The conditioning regimens included total body irradiation with cyclophosphamide in 37 patients, and modified BUCY protocol in 84 patients. Cyclosporine A (CsA) and methotrexate (MTX) were used for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in patients undergoing HLA-matched sibling donor transplants. CsA, MTX, antihuman thymocyte globulin and mycophenolate were used in all the patients undergoing HLA-mismatched related donor and unrelated donor transplants. The prognostic factors of CML were evaluated using Cox regression and the cumulative overall survival and the disease-free survival were estimated using Kaplan and Meier survival analysis model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of II-IV acute GVHD was 26.1% in HLA-matched and 53.3% in HLA-mismatched cases (P=0.006), with a 5-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD of 47.4% and 49.6%, respectively (P=0.947). The 5-year cumulative incidences of disease relapse was 16.7% in the total patients, with a 5-year cumulative overall survival (OS) of 70.5% and disease-free survival (DFS) of 63.4%. The 5-year OS was 78.2% in HLA-matched cases, as compared with 47.6% in HLA-mismatched cases. Multivariate analysis with Cox regression model identified HLA mismatch, II-IV acute GVHD, and advanced phase as the risk factors affecting the OS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HLA mismatch can significantly increase the incidence of II-IV acute GVHD following allo-HSCT and decrease the long-term survival rate, which is not related to the donor source.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , HLA Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Histocompatibility Testing , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Allergy and Immunology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Conditioning , Methods , Transplantation, Homologous
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 762-765, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the proliferation and differentiation of bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells were isolated from bone marrow of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) patients and were treated with 0, 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml of G-CSF for 48, 96, 144 hs. CD34 cells from normal bone marrow were used as controls. Cell proliferation was determined by trypan blue dye exclusion, cell-cycle and antigen differentiation were determined by flow cytometry and cell morphology was observed under light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells was increased obviously in all groups. After cultured for 48 and 96 h, the number of bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells at G-CSF 10 ng/ml group was significantly higher than that in G-CSF 0 ng/ml group (P < 0.05) , the number of normal CD34 cells was increased only in the presence of G-CSF. After cultured for 48, 96 and 144 h, the cell number in G-CSF 100 ng/ml group was significantly higher than that in G-CSF 0 ng/ml group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively). After cultured for 144 h, the cell percentages in G0/G1 phase for bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells in G-CSF 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml groups were significantly less than that in G-CSF 0 ng/ml group (P < 0. 05), and that for normal CD34 cells in G-CSF 10, 100, 1000 ng/ml groups were significantly less than that of G-CSF 0 ng/ml group after cultured for 48 and 96 h. The expressions of CD34 on bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells and normal CD34+ cells were decreased along with the culture duration, accompanied by the expression of CD33 and CD13 increased first and decreased later, which was not correlated with the concentration of G-CSF. Both bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells and normal CD34+ cells showed mature morphology along with proliferation and differentiation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>G-CSF promotes proliferation of both bcr/abl(+)-CD34+ cells and normal CD34+ cells, but not necessary for the former, and the former differentiates more rapidly than the latter does, but both was independent of G-CSF.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Metabolism , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Metabolism , Pathology , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1494-1512, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effect of unrelated donor bone marrow (BM) transplantation and peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation in light of hemopoietic reconstitution, immune reconstitution, infection, incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and other complications in patients with leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical outcomes of 16 patients receiving unrelated PBSC graft mobilized by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) were compared with 30 patients receiving unrelated BM transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Engraftment was achieved in 97.83% of the total patients. Compared with BM transplantation group, PBSC graft contained significantly more nucleated cells (P=0.000), resulting in a significantly shorter time-to-neutrophil (16.21-/+3.09 vs 12.81-/+4.15 days, P=0.003) and platelet engraftment (20.31-/+7.19 vs 15.50-/+6.91 days, P=0.035). T cell reconstitution differed little between the two groups at different time points after transplantation. The incidences of early-stage infection were 37.50% and 50.00% (P=0.644) in the PBSC and BM groups, respectively. In PBSC and BM groups, the incidences of grades I to IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) were 56.25% and 70.00% (P=0.456), 18.75% and 13.79% (P=0.661) for grades III to IV aGVHD, and 30.77% and 36.36% (P=0.413) for chronic GVHD (cGVHD), respectively. The nonrelapse transplant-related mortality (TRM) rates were 18.75% in PBSC group and 33.33% in BM group (P=0.295). The relapse occurred in 18.75% and 6.90% (P=0.226) of the patients in the two groups, respectively, and the 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 62.19% and 56.23% (P=0.615), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>G-CSF-mobilized PBSCs allow more rapid engraftment in unrelated donor recipients in comparison with conventional BM, but T cell reconstitution and the incidence of infection between the two groups differ little, nor are there significant differences in the incidence or severity of aGVHD and cGVHD, nonrelapse TRM or 2-year DFS rates between the two groups.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Methods , Graft vs Host Disease , Pathology , Leukemia , General Surgery , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 525-528, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243919

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the hemopoietic reconstitution, immune reconstitution, infection, incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and clinical outcome between unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation and bone marrow (BM) transplantation for leukemias.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical results of 21 leukemia patients receiving G-CSF mobilized PBSC graft from unrelated donors were compared with that of 32 patients receiving unrelated BM transplants.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with BM grafts, the PBSC graft contained significantly more nucleated cells (P = 0.000), and resulted in a significantly shorter time-to-neutrophil (12.43 +/- 3.67 vs 16.16 + 2.99 days) and platelet engraftment (14.67 +/- 6.19 vs 21.23 +/- 8.25 days), (P = 0.000 and 0.003, respectively). T cell reconstitution between the two groups differed little after transplantation. The incidences of early-stage infection (42.86% vs 53.13%), the probabilities of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (61.90% vs 71.88%), the grades III to IV aGVHD (23.81% vs 15.63%), the chronic GVHD (47.06% vs 43.48%) and the probabilities of relapse (6.90% vs 12.50%) between PBSC and BM groups all has no statistical significance (NS). The 2-year disease free survival (DFS) rates of the two groups were (50.14 +/- 12.00) % and (59.81 +/- 8.99)%, respectively also have no NS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>G-CSF-mobilized unrelated donor PBSCs engraft more rapidly in the recipients as compared with conventional BM grafts. The T cell reconstitution, the incidence of infection, the incidence and severity of aGVHD and cGVHD, and the 2-year DFS rates between the two groups all have no significant differences.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Methods , Disease-Free Survival , Leukemia , General Surgery , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
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