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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879056

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the effect of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills combined with Western medicine on adverse cardiovascular events and quality of life after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). A total of 7 Chinese and English databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched by computer to collect the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease after PCI with the retrieval time from the database establishment to April 1, 2020. Two researchers independently conducted li-terature screening, data extraction and bias risk assessment. Then, Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 31 RCTs were included, involving 3 537 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that in terms of major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE) after PCI, the combination of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills could significantly reduce the recurrence of angina pectoris, incidence of arrhythmia, heart failure and re-revascularization, and the effect was better than that of Western medicine treatment alone. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the improvement of non-fatal myocardial infarction, cardiac death, stent restenosis, stroke and other adverse cardiovascular events. In terms of improving left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), 6 min walking test(6 MWT), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) and Seattle angina pectoris scale(SAQ), the combination of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills and Western medicine treatment had obvious advantages over Western medicine treatment alone in increasing LVEF, 6 MWT and SAQ, and reducing the level of hs-CRP, with statistically significant differences. There were few adverse reactions in both groups, and there was no significant difference between the two groups. The main manifestations were gastrointestinal reactions, rash, gingiva and other small bleeding, and no serious adverse reactions occurred. The above reactions could disappear after drug withdrawal or symptomatic treatment. The application of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients after PCI could reduce the occurrence of MACE, improve the clinical efficacy, quality of life and prognosis in a safe and reliable manner. However, due to the quantity and quality limitations of included studies, more standardized, rigo-rous and high-quality clinical studies are still needed to further verify the above conclusions.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Medicine , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878848

ABSTRACT

The classification of chronic pain is complex and its pathogenesis is not clear, which led to the limited progress of treatment measures.Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has certain advantages in the treatment of chronic pain, and its mechanism needs further exploration. The ideal animal model is helpful to elucidate the key mechanism of the occurrence and development of chronic pain and play an important role in the discovery of new drug targets, the development of new therapies and the research on the analgesic mechanism of TCM.In recent years, many scholars at home and abroad have done a lot of research to explore the pathogenesis of chronic pain and the mechanism of TCM, which have achieved some results. On this basis, this study summarizes the selection of experimental animals for chronic pain and the commonly evaluation methods of animal models. According to the latest international classification of diseases, this review organizes the induced methods, evaluation indicators, advantages and disadvantages of seven kinds of chronic pain animal models, such as chronic primary pain, chronic cancer-related pain and so on. Next, this review introduces the chronic pain animal models commonly used in TCM research, in order to provide guidance for the targeted selection of animal models when carrying out relevant experiments in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chronic Pain , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 52-55,61, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the kinetic parameters of murine plasma albumin synthesis by deuterated water (2H2O).Methods:Twenty SD rats received 2H2O-labelled intraperitoneal injection and drinking.At the end of the 1st,3rd,5th,6th,10th week,every 4 rats was respectively sacrificed by cardiac puncture for blood collection.Plasma albumin was purified by trichloroacetic acid and ethanol,identified by SDS-PAGE and hydrolyzed by hydrochloric acid.The alanine in albumin and plasma was separated,purified and derived.The deuterium enrichments of alanyl unit in albumin and alanine in plasma were determined by GC-MS.The fractional synthesis rate of albumin and synthetic dynamic equation were calculated.Results:The fractional synthesis rate of plasma albumin was 15.3%/w,and synthetic dynamic equation was ft =1.256 × (1-e-0.153t).Conclusion:The kinetic parameters of plasma albumin synthesis can be measured by 2H2O labeling method,which can be applied in the study of physiological and pathological metabolic mechanism.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 311-315, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348269

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to measure the kinetic parameters of skeletal muscle protein synthesis in rats by deuterated water (HO). Twenty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were labeled byHO through intraperitoneal injection and drinking. At the each end of the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 6th and 10th week after the firstHO labeling, four rats were sacrificed by cardiac puncture for blood plasma and quadriceps femoris sampling. Skeletal muscle protein and free amino acids in plasma were purified, hydrolyzed by hydrochloric acid and derived. The deuterium enrichments ofH-labeled alanyl in skeletal muscle protein and plasma protein-boundH-labeled alanine were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The fractional synthesis rate of skeletal muscle protein and synthetic dynamic equation were calculated. The fractional synthetic rate of skeletal muscle protein was 12.8%/week, and synthetic dynamic equation was f= 0.158 × (1 - e). The results suggest that the kinetic parameters of skeletal muscle protein synthesis can be measured byHO labeling, and the method can be applied in long-term labeling experiment.


Subject(s)
Alanine , Amino Acids , Blood , Animals , Deuterium , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Kinetics , Male , Muscle Proteins , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Protein Biosynthesis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Water
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