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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 26-32, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005230

ABSTRACT

Portal vein thrombosis is one of the common complications of liver cirrhosis. The incidence of portal vein thrombosis is increased with the progression of diseases. The incidence and progression of portal vein thrombosis are associated with multiple factors. The indications of anticoagulant therapy remain to be investigated. At present, portal vein thrombosis is no longer considered as a contraindication for liver transplantation. Nevertheless, complicated portal vein thrombosis will increase perioperative risk of liver transplantation. How to restore the blood flow of portal vein system is a challenge for surgical decision-making in clinical practice. Rational preoperative typing, surgical planning and portal vein reconstruction are the keys to ensure favorable long-term prognosis of liver transplant recipients. In this article, epidemiological status, risk factors, typing and identification of portal vein thrombosis, preoperative and intraoperative management of portal vein thrombosis in liver transplantation, and the impact of portal vein thrombosis on the outcomes of liver transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for perioperative management of portal vein thrombosis throughout liver transplantation.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1304-1308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of T2 mapping in the assessment of myocardial changes and prognosis in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted. A total of 30 patients with acute STEMI admitted to Tianjin First Central Hospital from January 2021 to March 2022 were enrolled as the experimental group. At the same time, 30 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers and outpatients with non-specific chest pain with no abnormalities in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examination were selected as the control group. CMR was performed within 2 weeks after the diagnosis of STEMI, as the initial reference. A plain CMR review was performed 6 months later (chronic myocardial infarction, CMI). Plain scanning includes film sequence (CINE), T2 weighted short tau inversion recovery (T2-STIR), native-T1 mapping, and T2 mapping. Enhanced scanning includes first-pass perfusion, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), and post-contrast T1 mapping. Quantitative myocardial parameters were compared between the two groups, before and after STEMI myocardial infarction. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of native-T1 before myocardial contrast enhancement and T2 values in differentiating STEMI and CMI after 6 months.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistically significant differences in age, gender, heart rate and body mass index (BMI) between the two groups, which were comparable. The native-T1 value, T2 value and extracellular volume (ECV) were significantly higher than those in the control group [native-T1 value (ms): 1 434.5±165.3 vs. 1 237.0±102.5, T2 value (ms): 48.3±15.6 vs. 21.8±13.1, ECV: (39.6±13.8)% vs. (22.8±5.0)%, all P < 0.05]. In the experimental group, 12 patients were re-examined by plain CMR scan 6 months later. After 6 months, the high signal intensity on T2-STIR was still visible, but the range was smaller than that in the acute phase, and the native-T1 and T2 values were significantly lower than those in the acute phase [native-T1 value (ms): 1 271.0±26.9 vs. 1 434.5±165.3, T2 value (ms): 34.2±11.2 vs. 48.3±15.6, both P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of native-T1 and T2 values in differentiating acute STEMI from CMI was 0.71 and 0.80, respectively. When native-T1 cut-off value was 1 316.0 ms, the specificity was 100% and the sensitivity was 53.3%; when T2 cut-off value was 46.7 ms, the specificity was 100% and the sensitivity was 73.8%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The T2 mapping is a non-invasive method for the diagnosis of myocardial changes in patients with acute STEMI myocardial infarction, and can be used to to evaluate the clinical prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Contrast Media , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine/methods , Gadolinium , Myocardium/pathology , Myocardial Infarction , Predictive Value of Tests
3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1025-1028, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004694

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the preparation quality and clinical application effect of pooled platelets with leukocytes reduced. 【Methods】 The quality and clinical effect of the buffy-coated method prepared pooled platelets leukocytes reduced (experimental group, n=40) and apheresis platelets leukocytes reduced (control group, n=40) were compared. 【Results】 The platelet volume (mL), platelet count (×1011), red blood cell contamination (×108) and residual white blood cell (×106) of the experimental group and control group were 278.90±7.92 vs 276.52±8.01, 2.66±0.09 vs 2.66±0.83, 0.54±0.42 vs 0.83±0.84, 0.29±0.54 vs 0.27±0.51, respectively, with no significant difference. The results of bacterial culture were negative, all met the requirements of relevant national standards. In addition, the CCI (×103, 24 h) and PPR (%) were 15.11±9.86 vs 14.61±12.55 and 54.23±18.70 vs 61.41±19.09 respectively, with no significant difference, indicating a certain degree of therapeutic effect. 【Conclusion】 The quality and clinical therapeutic effect of pooled platelets leukocytes reduced were consistent with that of apheresis platelets leukocytes reduced.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 864-875, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971843

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of Yudantong decoction in mice with α-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced cholestasis, as well as its targets and mechanism based on intestinal flora and intestinal barrier function. Methods A total of 24 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, Yudantong decoction group (YDTF group), and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) group, with 6 mice in each group. The mice in the model group, the YDTF group, and the UDCA group were given ANIT 35 mg/kg/day by gavage on days 1, 4, 7, 10, and 13, and those in the YDTF group and the UDCA group were given Yudantong decoction or UDCA by gavage for 15 consecutive days; related samples were collected on day 16. Liver histopathology was observed, and liver function parameters were measured; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression levels of caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and FXR in the liver, and flow cytometry was used to measure the percentages of CD11b + , CD86 + , and CD45 + immune cells in the liver; 16S rDNA sequencing and information analysis were performed for fecal microorganisms; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression of the intestinal FXR/NLRP3 pathway, and immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the protein expression of intestinal E-cadherin and occludin. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data with homogeneity of variance between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Welch test was used for comparison of data with heterogeneity of variance between multiple groups, and the Games-Howell test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results HE staining showed that the model group had partial hepatocyte fatty degeneration, massive necrosis of hepatocytes in hepatic lobules, damage of lobular structure, and massive inflammatory cell infiltration, and the YDTF group and the UDCA group had alleviation of hepatocyte fatty degeneration and hepatocyte necrosis in hepatic lobules, with a reduction in inflammatory cells. Compared with the control group, the model group had significantly higher serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), and total bile acid (TBA) (all P < 0.05); compared with the model group, the YDTF group had significant reductions in the serum levels of ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, TBil, DBil, and TBA (all P < 0.05), and the UDCA group had significant reductions in the serum levels of GGT, TBil, DBil, and TBA (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the model group had significant increases in the levels of caspase-1 and IL-1β and a significant reduction in the expression of FXR in the liver (all P < 0.05); compared with the model group, the YDTF group had significant reductions in the levels of caspase-1 and IL-1β in the liver and the UDCA group had a significant reduction in the level of IL-1β in the liver, and both the YDTF group and the UDCA group had a significant increase in the expression level of FXR in the liver (all P < 0.05). The model group had a significant change in the composition of intestinal flora compared with the control group ( P < 0.05); there was a significant difference in the structure of intestinal flora between the YDTF group and the model group ( P < 0.05), and there was also a significant difference in the composition of intestinal flora between the UDCA group and the control/model groups ( P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the model group had a significant increase in the abundance of intestinal Akkermansia muciniphila and a significant reduction in the abundance of Lactobacillus johnsonii (both P < 0.05); compared with the model group, both the YDTF group and the UDCA group had a significant reduction in the abundance of intestinal Akkermansia muciniphila , and the YDTF group had a significant increase in the abundance of Lactobacillus murinus , while the UDCA group had significant increases in the abundance of Lactobacillus murinus and Bifidobacterium pseudolongum (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the model group had a significant reduction in the protein expression of intestinal FXR, a significant increase in the protein expression of intestinal NLRP3, and significant reductions in the expression of intestinal E-cadherin and occludin (all P < 0.05); compared with the model group, both the YDTF group and the UDCA group had a significant increase in the protein expression of intestinal FXR, a significant reduction in the protein expression of intestinal NLRP3, and significant increases in the expression of intestinal E-cadherin and occludin (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Yudantong decoction can alleviate liver injury in mice with ANIT-induced cholestasis, possibly by improving intestinal flora and enhancing intestinal barrier function.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 517-541, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971724

ABSTRACT

Attributed to the miniaturized body size and active mobility, micro- and nanomotors (MNMs) have demonstrated tremendous potential for medical applications. However, from bench to bedside, massive efforts are needed to address critical issues, such as cost-effective fabrication, on-demand integration of multiple functions, biocompatibility, biodegradability, controlled propulsion and in vivo navigation. Herein, we summarize the advances of biomedical MNMs reported in the past two decades, with particular emphasis on the design, fabrication, propulsion, navigation, and the abilities of biological barriers penetration, biosensing, diagnosis, minimally invasive surgery and targeted cargo delivery. Future perspectives and challenges are discussed as well. This review can lay the foundation for the future direction of medical MNMs, pushing one step forward on the road to achieving practical theranostics using MNMs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 509-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981893

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify immune-related molecular markers in an attempt to predict prognosis of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD). Methods Immune related genes (IREGs) was analyzed based on the TCGA database. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and Cox regression analysis were used to establish risk models. According to the median risk score, COAD patients were divided into high risk and low risk groups. The prognostic difference were compared between the two groups. The function of the model was validated using GEO. Results A total of 1015 IREGs was obtained. The established model consisted of three genes: RAR related orphan receptor C (RORC), leucine-rich repeat Fli-I-interacting protein 2 (LRRFIP2) and lectin galactoside-binding soluble galectin 4 (LGALS4). The high-risk group had significantly poorer prognosis than low-risk group in the GEO database, and it was validated using a GEO database. Further analysis via univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that risk model could function as independent prognostic factor for COAD patients. Conclusion The risk model based on IREGs can predict the prognosis of patients with COAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Lectins
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 513-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984683

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of mildly or severely symptomatic patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM) who underwent alcohol septal ablation (ASA). Methods: This retrospective study cohort consisted of patients with OHCM who received ASA treatment in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2001 to August 2021. These patients were divided into mildly and severely symptomatic groups according to the severity of clinical symptoms. Long-term follow-up was conducted, and the following data were collected: duration of follow-up, postoperatire treatment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, arrhythmia events and pacemaker implantation, echocardiographic parameters, and cause of death. Overall survival and survival free from OHCM-related death were observed, and the improvement of clinical symptoms and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) and the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation were evaluated. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to determine and compare the cumulative survival rates of the different groups. Cox regression analysis models were used to determine predictors of clinical events. Results: A total of 189 OHCM patients were included in this study, including 68 in the mildly symptomatic group and 121 in the severely symptomatic group. The median follow-up of the study was 6.0 (2.7, 10.6) years. There was no statistical difference in overall survival between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 94.2% and 83.9%, respectively, P=0.405); there was also no statistical difference in survival free from OHCM-related death between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 95.2% and 92.6%, respectively, P=0.846). In the mildly symptomatic group, NYHA classification was improved after ASA (P<0.001), among which 37 patients (54.4%) were in NYHA class Ⅰ, and the resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) decreased from 67.6 (42.7, 90.1) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to 24.4 (11.7, 35.6) mmHg (P<0.001). In severely symptomatic group, NYHA classification was also improved post ASA (P<0.001), among which 96 patients (79.3%) improved by at least one NYHA classification, and the resting LVOTG decreased from 69.6 (38.4, 96.1) mmHg to 19.0 (10.6, 39.8) mmHg (P<0.001). The incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation was similar between the mildly and severely symptomatic groups (10.2% vs. 13.3%, P=0.565). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA (HR=1.068, 95%CI 1.002-1.139, P=0.042). Conclusions: Among patients with OHCM treated with ASA, overall survival and survival free from HCM-related death were similar between mildly symptomatic group and severely symptomatic group. ASA therapy can effectively relieve resting LVOTG and improve clinical symptoms in mildly or severely symptomatic patients with OHCM. Age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Heart Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 892-897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997824

ABSTRACT

Rejection and adverse reactions caused by long-term use of immunosuppressants severely affect the survival rate and quality of life of organ transplant recipients. Immune tolerance induction plays a key role in improving the survival rate and quality of life of organ transplant recipients. In recent years, tremendous progress has been achieved in adoptive re-transfusion of regulatory cells. In this article, research progress in regulatory T cell (Treg), myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) and regulatory B cell (Breg) in animal experiment and clinical application was reviewed, and the main clinical problems of adoptive re-transfusion of regulatory cells, the application of chimeric antigen receptor Treg and the concept of cell therapy in immune evaluation were summarized, aiming to deepen the understanding of regulatory cell therapy, promote the application of regulatory cells in immune tolerance of organ transplantation, and improve clinical efficacy of organ transplantation and the quality of life of recipients.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 330-334, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate superior mesenteric artery preferential approach in the borderline resectable pancreatic head cancer.Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 90 patients with borderline resectable pancreatic head cancer who underwent radical pancreatoduodenectomy at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University from Jan 2015 to Dec 2021 were analyzed.Results:After exploring the superior mesenteric artery in the lower colon area to confirm the vascular invasion meet the resection criteria, the blood supply is cut off first, then the tumors were resected en bloc, with the invaded vessels resected and reconstructed or replaced. All 90 patients successfully completed the operation without perioperative death. Pathology established pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year disease-free survival rates of patients in the arterial priority approach group were 68.2%, 60.4%, and 54.3%, while the 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year disease-free survival rates of patients by conventional approach were 58.4%, 26.4%, and 11.7% ( P=0.001). Conclusion:The superior mesenteric artery preferential approach in the inferior colon region can prolong the survival time of patients after surgery, and reduce the recurrence.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 552-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989498

ABSTRACT

Hilar cholangiocarcinoma(HCCA) is a relatively rare disease with great invasiveness. Traditionally, radical resection has been considered the cornerstone of its treatment. However, only less than 40% of cases can be resected. Surgical resection is complex, risky and difficult to achieve R0 resection and may lead to various postoperative complications. In recent years, the combination of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with liver transplantation(LT) has provided an option for patients with unresectable diseases, and strict patient screening criteria has allowed LT protocol to achieve promising therapeutic effects in PCCA. In order to provide an intellectual background for the choice of LT protocol in the clinical treatment of HCCA patients, this article will review the application standards of LT in HCCA, summarize the application status of LT in patients with different resectability, compare the prognostic effect of resection and LT, and introduce the advantages of LT in the treatment of HCCA associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis(PSC).

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 236-240,F3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lymph node metastasis on the prognosis of patients with G2 phase stage pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm(pNEN).Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the case data of 368 patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in G2 phase stage from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016 in SEER database, including 174 males and 194 females. According to whether lymph nodes were metastatic, they are divided into lymph node non metastatic (N0) group ( n=272) and lymph node metastatic (N1) group ( n=96). The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the overall survival rate (OS) of patients in the N0 and N1 groups. The COX proportional risk model was used to evaluate whether N stage was an independent risk factor affecting prognosis. Count data were expressed as cases and percentage(%), and Chi-square test was used for comparison between the groups. Results:Among all patients, the OS of patients in the N0 group was better than that of patients in the N1 group. The OS of N0 patients at 1, 3, and 5 years was 96.3%, 92.7%, and 85.6%, respectively, while the OS of N1 patients at 1, 3, and 5 years was 92.6%, 82.1%, and 82.1%, respectively ( P=0.014). Multivariate analysis showed that age ( HR=2.245, 95% CI: 1.126-4.475, P=0.022) and N stage ( HR=0.457, 95% CI: 0.237-0.883, P=0.020) were independent prognostic factors for G2 phase pNEN patients. Conclusion:Lymph node metastasis is one of the independent prognostic factors in patients with G2 phase stage pNEN.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 369-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935156

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effects of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in mildly symptomatic patients (NYHA class Ⅱ) with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy(HOCM). Methods: This retrospective study included 150 mildly symptomatic patients with HOCM hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from March 2001 to December 2017, consisting of medical therapy group (n=102) and ASA group (n=48). Baseline clinical data were collected, patients were followed up to a mean of 6.0 (3.5, 8.1) years. Overall and HCM-related mortality events (including chronic heart failure, atrial fibrillation related stroke, sudden cardiac death) were observed in the two groups. Moreover, the improvement of NYHA function classification and left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) were also evaluated. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Age of this cohort was (52.9±14.5)years, 92 cases(61.3%) were male. In the follow-up, LVOTG was reduced from (85.8±35.4)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (27.7±19.8)mmHg (P<0.001) in the ASA group, and from (66.3±35.0)mmHg to (56.5±27.7)mmHg in medical therapy group(P<0.01). At the last clinical follow-up, there were 32 patients (66.7%) whose LVOTG were<30 mmHg, septal thickness decreased from (20.3±3.8)mm to (16.1±3.4)mm (P<0.001), NYHA classification was also remarkably improved (P<0.001). New-onset atrial fibrillation tended to be lower in the ASA group compared to medical therapy group (9.3%(4/43) vs. 20.8%(20/96),P=0.096). Eleven patients (10.8%) in the medical therapy group and 2 patients (4.2%) in the ASA group died during the follow-up. One patient received pacemaker during the peri-procedural period, 1 patient was implanted with two-chamber pacemaker due to Ⅲ° atrioventricular block at 10 years after operation in the ASA group. Survival free of all-cause mortality of ASA group at 5 and 10 years was 97.9% and 97.9%, respectively, which was comparable to the medical therapy group (P=0.231). Survival free of HCM-related mortality was similar between the two groups (P=0.397). Conclusions: Compared with medical therapy in mildly symptomatic patients with HOCM, long-term survival rate is similar after ASA. Meanwhile, ASA can remarkably reduce LVOTG and improve the clinical status of the patients. Therefore, ASA may be used as an alternative therapy for mildly symptomatic HOCM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/therapy , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Heart Septum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 509-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934773

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes and significance of lymphocyte subsets in the recipients with acute rejection after liver transplantation. Methods The recipients presenting with acute rejection after liver transplantation were assigned into the rejection group (n=17), and their counterparts with stable liver function were allocated into the control group (n=17) according to the ratio of 1∶1 by propensity score matching method. The incidence of acute rejection after liver transplantation was analyzed, and the concentration of tacrolimus in the recipients was compared between two groups. The absolute value and proportion of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood were compared between two groups. The diagnostic value of lymphocyte subsets for acute rejection after liver transplantation was assessed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The absolute value and proportion of lymphocyte subsets in the rejection group were compared before and after treatment. Results Among 17 recipients in the rejection group, 4 cases developed acute rejection within postoperative 28 d, and 13 cases had acute rejection within postoperative 29-180 d. No significant difference was noted in the tacrolimus concentration between two groups (P=0.295). Compared with the control group, the proportions of peripheral blood T cells, CD4+T cells, B cells and natural killer (NK) T cells were significantly increased in the rejection group (all P < 0.05). The elevated proportion of NKT cells in the early stage after liver transplantation was an independent risk factor for acute rejection following liver transplantation[odds ratio (OR) 1.774, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.059-2.971, P=0.029]. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of CD4+T cells, B cells and NKT cells was 0.76, 0.73 and 0.77, respectively. The AUC of combined use of CD4+T cells, B cells and NKT cells was 0.89, with a cut-off value of 0.69, sensitivity of 0.706 and specificity of 0.941. After corresponding treatment, all recipients were gradually recovered, and liver functions were eventually restored to normal in the rejection group. After treatment, the proportion of T cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells and NK cells was significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The elevated proportion of NKT cells indicates an increased risk of acute rejection after liver transplantation. Combined use of CD4+T cells, B cells and NKT cells may deliver early detection and diagnosis of acute rejection after liver transplantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the perioperative safety and long-term prognosis of allogeneic vein replacement in abdominal surgery.Methods:Clinical data of 115 patients receiving allogeneic vein replacement from Jan 2013 to Dec 2020 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:The most common operation was radical pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer (75.7%), and the most common vascular replacement sites were the junction of portal vein system (53.9%), followed by superior mesenteric vein (23.5%) and portal vein (18.3%). In our group, 6 patients died (5.2%), 31 patients had complications (27.0%), and 2 patients had portal vein thrombosis (1.7%). During the follow-up period, 8 cases (7.5%) had mild stenosis, 12 cases (11.5%) had moderate stenosis and 14 cases (13.2%) had severe stenosis. The half-year, one-year and two-year incidence of moderate and severe stenosis were 8.0%, 24.4% and 34.5% respectively.Conclusions:The early and mid-term result of allogeneic vein replacement is satisfactory. Use of postoperative anticoagulation may help reduce the incidence of thrombogenesis or stenosis .

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 371-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923584

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of tolerogenic dendritic cell (tolDC) in inducing immune tolerance in liver transplantation. Methods Liver transplantation rat models of spontaneous tolerance [Brown Norway (BN)→Lewis, tolerance group, n=6] and acute rejection (AR) (Lewis→BN) were established. In AR rat models, tolDC transfusion was performed in the study group (tolDC group, n=6) and no intervention was given in the control group (AR group, n=6). The survival time of rats in each group was observed. The transplant liver tissues of rats were prepared for pathological examination in each group. The expression of myeloid dendritic cell (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) in rat peripheral blood, transplant liver, spleen and lymph nodes in each group was detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of serum interleukin (IL)-10 and interferon (IFN)-γ in each group were measured by enzyme-linked immune absorbent assay. Results Pathological manifestations of rats in the AR group mainly included inflammatory cell infiltration and tissue structural disorder in transplant liver, and the survival time was 7-14 d. In the tolDC and tolerance groups, the transplant liver tissues were almost normal, and the longest survival time exceeded 100 d. Compared with the AR group, the expression levels of CD11+mDC in peripheral blood, transplant liver, spleen and lymph nodes of rats were significantly down-regulated in the tolerance and tolDC groups (all P < 0.05), and those of CD86 and major histocompatibility complex (MHC)Ⅱon the surface of CD11+mDC were also significantly down-regulated (all P < 0.05). Compared with the AR group, the expression levels of pDC in peripheral blood, transplant liver, spleen and lymph nodes of rats were significantly up-regulated in the tolerance and tolDC groups (all P < 0.05), whereas those of MHCⅡon the surface of pDC were all significantly down-regulated (all P < 0.05). Compared with the AR group, the expression levels of serum IL-10 were significantly up-regulated, and IFN-γ were significantly down-regulated in the tolerance and tolDC groups (all P < 0.05). Conclusions As tolDC subsets, mDC and pDC play a positive role in regulating the incidence of graft immune tolerance in rats after liver transplantation.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1100-1108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of JAG1 on the malignant phenotype of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its role in angiogenesis in breast cancer microenvironment.@*METHODS@#The expressions of Notch molecules were detected in human TNBC 231 and 231B cells using RT-qPCR. Five female nude mice were inoculated with 231 cells and another 5 with 231B cells into the mammary fat pads, and 4-6 weeks later, the tumors were collected for immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence tests. 231 cells and 231B cells were treated with recombinant JAG (rJAG) protein and DAPT, respectively, and changes in their malignant phenotypes were assessed using CCK-8 assay, Hoechst 33258 staining, wound healing assay, Transwell chamber assay and endothelial cell adhesion assay. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in the expressions of proteins related with the malignant phenotypes of 231 and 231B cells. The effects of conditioned medium (CM) derived from untreated 231 and 231 B cells, rJAG1-treated 231 cells and DAPT-treated 231B cells on proliferation and tube formation ability of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and tube-forming assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression of JAG1 was higher in 231B cells than in 231 cells (P < 0.05). Tumor 231B showed higher expression of VEGFA and CD31. Compared with 231-Blank group, the migration, invasion and adhesion of 231 cells in 231-rJAG1 were significantly enhanced (P < 0.05). Protein levels of Twist1 and Snail increased (P < 0.01), anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased (P < 0.05), while DAPT inhibited the related phenomena and indicators of 231B. The 231-rJAG1-CM increased the cell number and tubule number of HUVEC (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JAG1 may affect the malignant phenotype of TNBC and promote angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Jagged-1 Protein/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Sincalide/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-6, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940281

ABSTRACT

Tong (dredging) method in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) emphasizes soothing the stagnated Qi, blood, and body fluid in zang-fu organs, meridians, and collaterals to remove pathogens, reinforce vital Qi, and balance Yin and Yang of the human body. Tong method can be adopted to disperse sweat pore, attack pathogenic Qi, harmonize Yin and Yang, as well as tonify deficiency, and resolve stagnation. It has been proved effective in treating coronary heart disease (CHD), which falls into the category of "chest impediment and heart pain" in TCM, with the key pathogenesis lying in blood vessel obstruction. Therefore, dredging blood vessels is the primary therapeutic principle for CHD. Specifically, there are four aspects. The first is dispersing and dredging the sweat pore of the heart. If the sweat pore is occluded by pathogenic cold, which makes Yang-qi undissipated, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Piperis Longi Fructus, Alpiniae Officinarum Rhizoma, and Asari Radix et Rhizoma can be prescribed for warming and dredging heart Yang. If the Yang-qi of the heart and chest stagnated in the body, which hinders Qi and blood to nourish the myocardium, resulting in chest pain, Poria and Alismatis Rhizoma can be prescribed. For CHD due to atherosclerosis and inflammation, heat-clearing, toxin-removing, and inflammation-resisting Chinese medicinal herbs such as Coptidis Rhizoma and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma are recommended. The second is attacking and dredging the collaterals of the heart. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, etc. can be prescribed for blood stasis, Trichosanthis Fructus, Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus, Pinelliae Rhizoma, etc. for phlegm, and Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum, Euodiae Fructus, etc. for pathogenic cold. Since the chronic disease can affect collaterals, Moschus and Santali Albi Lignum can be added to promote blood circulation and remove the obstruction of collaterals of the heart. The third is harmonizing and dredging the mind. Cinnamomi Ramulus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Cinnamomi Cortex, etc. are selected for restoring the coordination between the heart and the kidney. According to the specific syndrome, the methods of nourishing the mind and calming the nerves through tranquilizing the mind, calming down the mind, and inducing resuscitation can be selected using such Chinese medicines as Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Polygalae Radix, and Draconis Ossa. The fourth is tonifying and dredging the Qi and blood of the heart. The deficiency syndrome of CHD is divided into Qi deficiency and kidney deficiency. Invigorating Qi and strengthening the heart are the first essentials for the treatment of CHD. In Qi invigoration, Qi and blood must be strengthened simultaneously to strengthen the heart and clear the pulse. Hence, Bazhentang modified by Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos can be chosen. In kidney Qi tonifying, kidney and heart must be strengthened simultaneously, and the methods of tonifying kidney and activating blood can be used. Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Astragali Radix are considered as the first choice for tonifying heart Qi, and Epimedii Folium and Morindae Officinalis Radix for tonifying kidney Qi, which are added with Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata to obtain the kidney-tonifying and blood-activating prescription. It is suitable for treating CHD due to kidney deficiency and blood stasis. Simultaneous treatment of heart and kidney is more suitable for middle-aged and elderly patients and chronically ill patients. Tong method can be used in various clinical diseases as well as CHD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 582-586, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on long-term prognosis of patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) treated with combined allograft revascularization.Methods:The data of patients with BRCP who were treated at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2016 to March 2021 were retrospectively analysed. Of 52 patients who underwent radical surgery combined with allograft revascularization in this study, there were 24 males and 28 females, aged (60.3±10.6) years old. These patients were divided into two groups based on whether they received neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery. There were 19 patients in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and 33 patients in the vascular replacement group. Outpatient clinic and telephone follow-up were used. The clinical data and prognostic differences between the two groups were then analysed.Results:Of 52 patients who underwent surgery successfully, 14 patients (26.9%) developed postoperative complications. The incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula was significantly lower in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group than the vascular replacement group (0 vs. 21.2%, P<0.05). The median survivals were 15 and 13 months in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the vascular replacement groups, respectively, with a significant difference in cumulative postoperative survival between the two groups ( P=0.039). For patients with BRPC, CA19-9>400 U/ml ( RR=4.540, 95% CI: 2.332-8.836, P<0.001) was an independent risk factor for long-term survival after surgery. Conclusions:Neoadjuvant chemotherapy reduced the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula and improved survival prognosis in patients with BRPC. A high preoperative serum CA19-9 level was an independent risk factor for long-term survival in patients with BRPC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 576-581, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of allogenic vein replacement in treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, and to analyze risk factors of long-term stenosis.Methods:The clinical data of 77 patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who underwent surgery from January 2013 to December 2021 at the Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 43 females, aged (61.4±10.8) years old. The peri-operative data, long-term prognosis and stenosis of allogenic vein were analysed. Risk factors of stenosis were analyzed by the Cox proportional hazards model. Patients were followed up by outpatient visits or by telephone.Results:Pancreatic cancer had invaded the junction of portal vein/superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in 41 patients, SMV in 22 patients and portal vein in 14 patients. The length of venous resection was (3.7±1.0) cm, the tumor longest diameter was (3.8±1.6) cm, lymph node metastasis was present in 57 patients, R 0 resection was carried out in 70 patients, and the postoperative complication rate was 29.9% (23/77). The survival rates in 6 months, 1-year and 2-year were 84.1%, 52.3% and 32.9% respectively. Mild venous stenosis occurred in 4 patients (5.2%), moderate stenosis in 9 patients (11.7%) and severe stenosis in 11 patients (14.3%). A vascular resection length of more than 3 cm ( RR=4.602, 95% CI: 1.657-12.781, P=0.003) and tumor recurrence ( RR=8.529, 95% CI: 1.129-64.448, P=0.038) were independent risk factors for long-term moderate and severe stenosis of allogeneic vein. Conclusion:It was safe and feasible for allogenic vein to be used to reconstruct the portal venous system in resection of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Long-term stenosis of the allogenic vein was related to a length of vascular resection of more than 3 cm and recurrence of tumor.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 567-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957004

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most common malignant digestive tumors with high malignancy and poor five-year survival. Due to the biological behavior of tumor and local adjacency, pancreatic cancer is frequently invaded to adjacent portal vein, superior mesenteric vein, and splenic vein, making surgical resection difficult. For pancreatic cancer with invasion of spleno-mesenterico-portal confluence, the difficulty of surgical R 0 resection is further increased, so it is important to reasonably resect the invaded vessels and complete vascular reconstruction. In this research, we summarized the different revascularization approaches in our center, aiming to analyze the surgical treatment strategy for pancreatic cancer with invasion of spleno-mesenterico-portal confluence.

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