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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of asiaticoside for fibrosis in lung tissues of rats exposed to silica and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods: 144 SD male rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive drug control group, asiaticoside high-dose group, medium-dose group and low-dose group, each group included 24 rats. Rats in the control group were perfused with 1.0 ml of normal saline, and the other groups were given 1.0 ml 50 mg/ml SiO(2) suspension. Gavage of herbal was given from the next day after model establishment, once a day. Rats in the positive drug control group were administration with 30 mg/kg tetrandrine and rats in the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group were given 20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg and 60 mg/kg asiaticoside for fibrosis respectively. Rats in the control group and the model group were given 0.9% normal saline. The rats were sacrificed in on the 14th, 28th and 56th day after intragastric administration and collect the lung tissues to detect the content of hydroxyproline, TGF-β(1) and IL-18, observe the pathological changes of the lung tissues by HE and Masson staining and determine the expressions of Col-I, a-SMA, TGF-β in lung tissues by Western Blot. Results: On the 14th day, 28th day and 56th day after model establishment, the lung tissues of rats in the model group showed obvious inflammatory response and accumulation of collagen fibers, and the degree of inflammation and fibrosis increased with time. The intervention of asiaticoside could effectively inhibit the pathological changes of lung tissues. The contents of hydroxyproline, IL-18 and TGF-β1 in lung tissues of model group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) , while the level of hydroxyproline, IL-18 and TGF-β1 in asiaticoside groups were significantly decreased, and the difference was statistically signicant (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Col-I, TGF-β1and α-SMA in lung tissue of model group were increased (P<0.05) , while the expression level of Col-I, TGF-β1 and α-SMA were decreased after the intervention of asiaticoside, and the difference was statistically signicant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Asiaticoside can inhibit the increase of Col-I, TGF-β1 and α-SMA content in the SiO(2)-induced lung tissues of rats, reduce the release of TGF-β1 and IL-18 inflammatory factors in lung tissue, and then inhibit the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix in rat lung tissue, and improve silicosis fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dust , Lung , Male , Pulmonary Fibrosis/metabolism , Rats , Silicon Dioxide/adverse effects , Silicosis/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore new methods of treating Graves′ disease (GD) by targeting thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1).Methods:The small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TSHR and the ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) were designed and synthesized. Thirty GD model mice were randomly divided into siRNA treatment group, ICAM-1 mAb treatment group, and untreated GD group (10 mice in each group), and 10 normal mice were taken as blank control. Serum thyroxine (T 4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), TSH receptor-stimulating antibody (TSAb) and TSH-stimulation blocking antibody (TSBAb) were measured before and after treatment. At the end of the treatment, body mass and heart rate of mice in each group were measured, and thyroid uptake of 99Tc mO 4-, thyroid size and pathological changes were evaluated. Independent-sample t test, paired t test and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze data. Results:After three treatments, the body mass of mice in siRNA group and ICAM-1 mAb group were significantly lower than that of normal mice ( F=3.50, P=0.025); the heart rates of the mice in two groups were significantly lower than that of untreated GD mice ( F=24.73, P<0.001). Heart rate of mice treated with siRNA decreased significantly, close to that of normal mice. After treatment, the serum T 4((27.58±1.94) vs (65.71±6.89) μg/L, (27.24±3.50) vs (70.84±8.46) μg/L), TSAb ((331.44±43.38) vs (457.33±45.85) mU/L, (275.16±45.80) vs (443.91±42.32) mU/L) and TSBAb ((13.94±1.11) vs (15.83±5.92) mU/L, (14.59±1.02) vs (17.05±6.16) mU/L) levels of mice in both siRNA group and ICAM-1 mAb group significantly decreased ( t values: 4.45-10.87, all P<0.05), while the serum TSH levels of mice in two groups significantly increased ((0.13±0.05) vs (0.04±0.05) mU/L, (1.46±0.34) vs (0.06±0.03) mU/L; t values: -2.22, -5.87, P values: 0.007, <0.001). The elevated TSH level and decreased TSAb level of mice treated with ICAM-1 mAb were significantly different from those treated with siRNA ( t values: 1.03, -1.63, P values: 0.002, 0.031). After treatment, the uptake of 99Tc mO 4- in part of the thyroid lobes of mice was decreased, and the enlargement degree of the corresponding lobes was reduced. The thyroid pathology of mice in the treated groups showed that the absorption vacuoles of thyroid follicles were reduced, and the phenomenon of thinner colloids was improved. No obvious damage was observed in the heart, liver and kidneys of the mice. Conclusions:Both the siRNA targeting TSHR and ICAM-1 mAb have therapeutic effects on GD model mice. The siRNA is better at controlling heart rate, and ICAM-1 mAb is better at increasing TSH and decreasing TSAb. Each of the above treatment methods is safe and effective, which can provide new ideas for GD targeted therapy.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of high suspension and low incision (HSLI) surgery on mixed haemorrhoids, compared with Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy.@*METHODS@#A multi-centre, randomized, single-blind, non-inferiority clinical trial was performed. Participants with mixed haemorrhoids from Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing Rectum Hospital, Air Force Medical Center of People's Liberation Army of China, and Puyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were enrolled from September 2016 to March 2018. By using a blocked randomization scheme, participants were assigned to two groups. The experimental group was treated with HSLI, while the control group was treated with Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy. The primary outcome was the clinical effect evaluated at 12 weeks after operation. The secondary outcomes included the number of haemorrhoids treated during the operation, pain scores, use of analgesics, postoperative oedema, wound healing, incidence of anal stenosis, anorectal manometry after operation, as well as surgical duration, length of stay and total hospitalization expenses. A safety evaluation was also conducted.@*RESULTS@#In total, 246 eligible participants were enrolled, with 123 cases in each group. There was no significant difference in the clinical effect between the two groups (100.00% vs. 99.19%, P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the number of external haemorrhoids treated during the operation and the pain scores after operation were significantly reduced in the experimental group (P0.05). The surgical duration and length of stay in the experimental group were significantly longer than those in the control group, and the total hospitalization expense was significantly higher than that in the control group (all P<0.05). No adverse events were reported in either group during the whole trial or follow-up period.@*CONCLUSION@#HSLI had the advantages of preserving the skin of anal canal completely, alleviating postsurgical pain and promoting rapid recovery after operation. (Registration No. ChiCTR1900022883).

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of urinary iodine concentration (UIC) on response to 131I treatment in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with different risk stratifications. Methods:A total of 181 patients with DTC (75 males, 106 females, age: (44.1±12.5) years), who received the first 131I treatment in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital between January 2018 and February 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into low- to intermediate-risk and high-risk groups. The treatment response was categorized into excellent response (ER) and non-excellent response (non-ER). Factors being evaluated including age, sex, preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (ps-Tg), UIC, etc. Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:The UIC and ps-Tg in the low- to intermediate-risk group ( n=113) was 111.60(55.80, 204.65) μg/L and 2.08(0.63, 4.91) μg/L, respectively. Compared with the ER subgroup ( n=86), non-ER subgroup ( n=27) had higher UIC and ps-Tg level ( z values: -2.585, -4.511, both P<0.05). In the high-risk group ( n=68), UIC was 115.40(61.23, 167.28) μg/L and ps-Tg was 16.65(4.52, 43.45) μg/L. Compared with the ER subgroup ( n=20), non-ER subgroup ( n=48) had higher ps-Tg level ( z=-4.677, P<0.01), while the UIC was not significantly different between ER and non-ER subgroups ( z=-0.013, P>0.05). The multivariate logistic analysis indicated the ps-Tg level was the significant variable for non-ER in low- to intermediate-risk group (odds ratio( OR)=6.157(95% CI: 1.046-36.227); OR=22.965(95% CI: 3.591-146.857), both P<0.05) and high-risk group ( OR=9.696 (95% CI: 1.379-68.169), P<0.05); a high UIC could be an indicator of non-ER only in the low- to intermediate-risk group ( OR=3.715(95% CI: 1.201-11.488), P<0.05). Conclusions:The non-ER is associated with UIC in the low- to intermediate-risk group; however, UIC does not affect the non-ER in the high-risk group. Higher ps-Tg level is associated with non-ER in patients with low- to intermediate-risk and high-risk DTC.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic factors of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with positive thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and varying ages after operation and 131I treatment. To explore the value of TgAb level and its change in the prognosis of DTC patients. Methods:Clinical data of 131 TgAb positive DTC patients were retrospectively analyzed. According to age, they were divided into young group(age<55 years, n=95) and elder group (age≥55 years, n=36). According to response, it was divided into excellent response group (110 cases) and non-excellent response group (21 cases). χ2 test and t test were used to compare the clinicopathological features between excellent response group and non-excellent response group. By logistic regression analysis, the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the TgAb value of persistent or recurrent DTC, and the Kaplan-Meier regression curve was used to analyze the time of TgAb becoming negative. P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:In young patients, the higher serum TgAb level before 131I treatment and the lateral lymph node metastasis were the independent influencing factors of poor prognosis [ OR=0.89(95% CI 0.83-0.95), OR=0.15(95% CI 0.05-0.52); both P<0.05]. In elder group, extraglandular invasion and higher serum TgAb before 131I treatment were associated with poorer prognosis [ OR=0.05(95% CI 0-0.83), OR=0.91(95% CI 0.76-1.13); P<0.05]. The serum TgAb thresholds for predicting DTC persistence/recurrence were 315.5 IU/mL(246.0 IU/mL in the young group and 516.5 IU/mL in the elder group). The mean time TgAb sera turned negative was (26.37±2.22) months [(23.28±2.37) months for young group and (32.64±4.07) months for elder group]. The TgAb decreased >50% in one year of the patients who had a lower probability of disease persistence/recurrence than the group without ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The high level of serum TgAb before 131I treatment and lateral lymph node metastasis were independent factors of poor prognosis in young patients, while in elder patients, extraglandular tumor invasion and the high level of serum TgAb before 131I treatment were independent factors of poor prognosis. The rate of TgAb change one year after treatment may be used as an early marker for predicting the disease status of TgAb positive patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 744-749, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the risk of acute kidney disease and disorders (AKD) in patients with coronary heart disease or non-valvular atrial fibrillation who were taking rivaroxaban for the first time in our hospital.Methods:A retrospective case-control analysis was performed using the hospital database to screen for patients with coronary heart disease or non-valvular atrial fibrillation who were taking rivaroxaban for the first time for more than 3 months during January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019. A total of 279 patients with serum creatinine reviewed within 3 months were as the rivaroxaban group, and 317 patients with coronary heart disease or non-valvular atrial fibrillation who did not take rivaroxaban during the same period in our hospital were selected as the control group. The general condition and the incidence of AKD were compared between the two groups, and the influencing factors of AKD were analyzed by logistic regression analysis.Results:The prothrombin time and international normalized ratio were higher in the rivaroxaban group than those in the control group (both P<0.01). There was no significant difference in age, gender, serum creatinine and urea level between the two groups. The incidence of AKD in the rivaroxaban group was 4.30%(12/279), and the incidence of AKD in the control group was 1.26%(4/317). The relative risk ( RR) of the two groups of patients was 3.409. Logistic regression analysis showed that older age (≥75 years old, OR=1.166, 95% CI 1.012-1.343, P=0.033) and diabetes ( OR=34.261, 95% CI 1.639-716.326, P=0.023) were risk factors for AKD in patients taking rivaroxaban. Rivaroxaban was a risk factor for AKD in patients with coronary heart disease or non-valvular atrial fibrillation ( OR=3.500, 95% CI 1.115-10.988, P=0.032). Conclusions:The incidence of AKD in patients taking rivaroxaban for the first time due to coronary heart disease or non-valvular atrial fibrillation was 4.30%. Taking rivaroxaban is a risk factor for AKD in patients with coronary heart disease or non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Older age and diabetes are the risk factors for AKD in the rivaroxaban group.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869182

ABSTRACT

Anti-thyroid drug (ATD), radioactive iodine (RAI) and thyroidectomy are treatment options for Graves disease (GD). Treatment strategies for Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) patients include thyroid function control, oral or intravenous corticosteroids, orbital radiotherapy or orbital decompression surgery. However, current treatments for GD and GO are also less ideal because they target the signs and symptoms rather than the pathogenic mechanisms. The development of treatment strategies that targeting the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) or insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) alone or in combination may yield effective and better tolerated treatments for GD and GO. This paper reviews the progress and limitations of the 2 methods.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 526-532, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1) in toluene diisocyanate(TDI) induced nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3(NLRP3) inflammasome activation in human bronchial epithelial cells(HBECs). METHODS: i) The TDI-human serum albumin(HSA) stimulation experiment: the HBECs in logarithmic growth phase were randomly divided into control group, low-, medium-and high-dose groups that were pretreated with TDI-HSA with the final concentration of 0.00, 40.00, 80.00 and 120.00 mg/L for 12 hours. ii) The HMGB1 expression inhibition experiment: the HBECs in logarithmic growth phase were divided into control group, TDI-HSA group, TDI-HAS+negative-siRNA group, and TDI-HAS+HMGB1-siRNA group. The cells in TDI-HAS+negative-siRNA group and TDI-HAS+HMGB1-siRNA group were infected with HBECs with negative-siRNA lentivirus and HMGB1-siRNA lentivirus, respectively. Cells in these two groups and the TDI-HSA group were treated with 120.00 mg/L of TDI-HSA for 12 hours. The cells in the control group were not treated with TDI-HAS. iii) The expression of HMGB1, NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD(ASC), pro-caspase-1 and caspase-1 p20 proteins in all groups were detected by Western blot. The number of NLRP3 and caspase-1 inflammasome in TDI-HSA stimulation experiment was observed by immunofluorescence method. RESULTS: i) TDI-HSA stimulation experiment: the relative protein expression of HMGB1 and ASC was higher in HBECs of medium-and high-dose groups than that of control group(all P values were <0.01). The relative protein expression of NLRP3 and casepase-1 p20 and the number of NLRP3-caspase-1 inflammasome were higher in HBECs of 3 dose groups than that of control group(all P values were <0.01). The number of NLRP3-caspase-1 inflammasome in HBECs increased obviously in low-, medium-and high-dose groups as compared to the control group(all P values were <0.05). The number of NLRP3-caspase-1 inflammasome in HBECs increased with the increase of TDI-HSA dose(all P values were <0.01). ii) The HMGB1 expression inhibition experiment: the relative protein expression of HMGB1, NLRP3, ASC, pro caspase-1 and caspase-1 p20 in HBECs were higher in the TDI-HSA group and TDI-HSA + negative-siRNA group than those of the control group(all P values were <0.01). The above indexes of HBECs were lower in the TDI-HAS + HMGB1-siRNA group than those in the TDI-HSA group and TDI-HSA + negative-siRNA group(all P values were <0.01).CONCLUSION: TDI treatment in HBECS can induce the increase of HMGB1 protein expression and activate NLPR3 inflammasome. Inhibition of HMGB1 expression can down-regulate the expression of NLPR3 and its related proteins.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 121-128, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular mechanism of curcumin in inhibiting the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain like receptor family pyrin domain-containing(NLRP3) inflammatory bodies induced by silica(SiO_2) in mouse alveolar macrophages(AM). METHODS: AMs were isolated from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of specific pathogen free C57 BL/6 mice and divided into 6 groups. Among them, the AM of the control group received no stimulation; the AM in the SiO_2 stimulation group was stimulated with SiO_2 suspension at the final mass concentration of 50 mg/L; the AM in nuclear factor(NF-κB)inhibition group was pretreated with 5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-urea-thiophene-3-formamide with a final concentration of 200 nmoL/L for 1 hour, the AM in the low-, medium-and high-dose curcumin groups were pretreated with curcumin with the final concentrations of 20, 40 and 50 μmol/L for 1 hour, respectively, and then stimulated with SiO_(2 )suspension with a final concentration of 50 mg/L. Samples were collected after 6 hours of incubation. The mRNA expression of NLRP3 inflammasome related genes such as NLRP3, Caspase-1 and interleukin(IL)-1β was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The secretion level of maturation IL-1β(mIL-1β) and IL-18 in AM was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The protein expression and secretion level of cleaved Caspase-1, precursor-IL-1β(pro-IL-1β) and mIL-1β were analyzed by Western blotting. RESULTS: The mRNA relative expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-1β, and the secretion levels of mIL-1β and IL-18, and the protein relative expression of Caspase-1, pro-IL-1β and mIL-1β, as well as the secretion levels of cleaved Caspase-1 and mIL-1β increased in the SiO_2 stimulated group compared with the control group(P<0.05). Except for the relative expression and the secretion level of cleaved Caspase-1, the other 8 indexes in the NF-κB inhibition group were lower than that in the SiO_2 stimulation group(P<0.05). Except for the relative expression of cleaved Caspase-1 and mIL-1β proteins in the low-dose curcumin group, the relative expression of all the above 10 indexes was lower in the three curcumin treated groups than that in the SiO_2 stimulation group(P<0.05). In addition, all the above indexes decreased with the increase of curcumin intervention dose(P<0.05). The mRNA relative expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β, and the protein relative expression of pro-IL-1β increased in the medium-dose curcumin group(P<0.05), the secretion levels of mIL-1β and IL-18, as well as the protein relative expression and secretion levels of cleaved Caspase-1 and mIL-1β decreased(P<0.05), compared with the NF-κB inhibition group. CONCLUSION: Curcumin can inhibit SiO_2-induced AM NLRP3 inflammasome activation in a dose-response relationship. This process may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway by curcumin and the down-regulating NLRP3 inflammasome-related genes at the transcriptional level. The important mechanism may be that curcumin directly blocks the activation, assembly, and downstream shearing of NLRP3 in inflammasomes.

10.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2019; 29 (1): 4-7
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-202890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse the impact of dezocine-remifentanil intravenous anaesthesia on perioperative signs, serum tumour necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha], and interleukin-6 [IL-6] in liver cancer patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation [RFA]


Study Design: An experimental study


Place And Duration Of Study: Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, from January 2017 to February 2018


Methodology: Eighty patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma [SHCC] were selected as the research object. They were divided into Group A and Group B with the random number table method, with 40 cases in each group. Group A were given dezocine-remifentanil intravenous anaesthesia and Group B were given midazolam-remifentanil intravenous anaesthesia. Patients' situations in the surgery were compared between the two groups. Changes in heart rate [HR], mean arterial pressure [MAP] and blood oxygen saturation [SpO2] were recorded before the surgery [T0], at 5 minutes after the RFA [T1] and at the end of the RFA [T2]. Levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha; [TNF-alpha;] and interleukin-6 [IL-6] on the 12 day after the RFA were compared between the two groups


Results: The wake-up time in Group A was shorter than Group B [p<0.001], and the VAS pain score in Group A was lower than Group B [p<0.001]. At T1, the MAP in Group A was higher than Group B [p<0.001]. There was no significant difference in MAP between the two groups at T0 and T2 [p=0.881, 0.696, respectively]. At T1 and T2, the HR in Group A was lower than Group B [all p<0.001]. There was no significant difference in HR between the two groups at T0 [p=0.684]. There was no significant difference in SpO2 between the two groups at T0, T1 and T2 [p=0.654, 0.884 and 0.798, respectively]. On the 1st day after the RFA, the level of TNF-alpha;, IL-6 in Group A were lower than those of Group B [all p<0.001]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative complications between the two groups [p=0.644]


Conclusion: Compared with midazolam-remifentanil intravenous anaesthesia, the dezocine-remifentanil method has a better analgesic effect, shorter wake-up time, and can effectively regulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha; and IL-6. However, the effect of remifentanil on the respiratory function is dose-dependent. Therefore, respiratory cycle monitoring and management should be strengthened during the surgery

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804683

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of microRNA-29b-3p (miRNA-29b-3p) and miRNA-34c-3p in the process of pulmonary fibrosis, we detected the expression levels of miRNA-29b-3p and miRNA-34c-3p in the lung tissue of rats exposed to silica and A549 cells.@*Methods@#SPF male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 1, 7, 14, 21, 28 d control group and silica (SiO2) dusting group, with 6 rats in each group. One-time non-exposure method was used to infuse 1ml SiO2 suspension. The rat SiO2 dusting group was established in the liquid, and the control rats were intratracheally injected with 1 ml of sterile physiological saline in the same manner. The lung tissues of each group were collected at the corresponding time points after dusting. Three of the rats were taken out for pathological observation, and the other three were used to screen differentially expressed miRNAs in lung tissue by miRNA microarray technology. A549 cells were cultured at the in vitro cell level and divided into control group, SiO2 stimulation group and TGF-β1 stimulation group, and cells were collected at 12, 24 and 48 h after treatment. The expression levels of miRNA-29b-3p and miRNA-34c-3p in rat lung tissue and A549 cells were verified by real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), target gene prediction of miRNA-29b-3p and miRNA-34c-3p and perform GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis.@*Results@#The weight growth rate of the control group was significantly higher than that of the SiO2 dusting group. Compared with the control group, the lung mass and lung coefficient of the SiO2 dusting group were significantly increased (P<0.05). The inflammatory response of the lungs in the control group was significantly reduced at 21 and 28 days, and the inflammatory cells infiltrated in the lung tissue of the SiO2 group. The rats in the control group had a small amount of collagen at 21 and 28 days. A large amount of collagen fiber deposition began to appear in the lung tissue of rats exposed to SiO2 for 21 days. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of miRNA-29b-3p and miRNA-34c-3p in the SiO2 dusting group were significantly down-regulated, and there was significant difference compared with the control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of miRNA-29b-3p and miRNA-34c-3p in A549 cells treated with SiO2 and human recombinant TGF-β1 were significantly lower than those in the control group at 24 h and 48 h, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Down-regulation of miRNA-29b-3p and miR-34c-3p in rat lung tissue A549 cells may be associated with the development of early silicosis and is expected to be an indicator of early silicosis diagnosis and prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804569

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the repairing effect of adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) on lung injury induced by silica in rats.@*Methods@#Primary ADSCs-GFP was obtained from rats. ADSCs-GFP was injected into tail vein of silicosis model rats. The expression of green fluorescence in lungs was observed regularly to determine the homing ability of ADSCs. Primary ADSCs of rats were obtained and randomly divided into control group, exposure group, vehicle group and ADSCs group. Silicosis rat model was established by non-exposed tracheal drip method. 24 hours after silica exposure, rats in ADSCs group were injected with ADSCs of 1×106/kg body weight through tail vein, and the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed and evaluated 28 days after intervention. To explore the early intervention mechanism of ADSCs on pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis model rats, apoptosis-related proteins were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#28 days after exposure to silica, rats in the exposure group showed obvious pulmonary fibrosis. Compared with exposure group and vehicle group, ADSCs group showed less pulmonary inflammation, less silica nodules and less collagen deposition area. Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of Caspase-3 and cytochrome C protein decreased and Bcl-2 protein increased after ADSCs transplantation.@*Conclusion@#ADSCs infusion has an obvious intervention effect on postponing early silicosis fibrosis in rats exposed to silica, and its mechanism is related to the regulation of apoptotic process.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To screen the changes of microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in lung tissues of early silicosis rats, and provide a basis for functional analysis of differential microRNA.@*Methods@#SPF Wistar male rats were randomly divided into a negative control group and SiO2-exposed groups, with 30 rats in each group. The model of silicosis in rats was established by intratracheal instillation of 1 ml SiO2 suspension, and the control rats were treated with 1mL in the same way to sterilize normal saline. The lung tissues of two group were collected at the 1, 7, 14, 21, 28 d after SiO2-exposed. Three of the rat lung tissues were used for pathological observation, and the other three were used to screen differentially expressed miRNAs in lung tissue by miRNA microarray technology. miRNA chip screening and RT-qPCR were used to verify the expression levels of miRNA-423-5p and miRNA-26a-5p in the two groups. miRNA-423-5p and miRNA-26a-5p are predicted by target genes and analyzed by GO (gene ontology) enrichment analysis and KEGG (kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway analysis.@*Results@#In the control group, the inflammatory response of lung tissue 21 and 28 days was significantly reduced compared with 1, 7 and 14 days, and the inflammatory cells infiltrated in the lung tissue of the SiO2-exposed rats. The rats in the control group had a small amount of collagen at 21 and 28 days, but a large amount of collagen fiber deposition began to appear in the lung tissue of rats exposed to SiO2 after 21 days. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of micro RNA-423-5p was significantly up-regulated and the expression of microRNA-26a-5p was significantly down-regulated in the SiO2-exposed rats lung tissues dust at different time points (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#The up-regulation of miRNA-423-5p and the down-regulation of miRNA-26a-5p in lung tissues of early silicotic rats may be related to the occurrence and development of early silicosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801376

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between plasma cytokine level and cognitive function in patients with stable schizophrenia and explore the possible role of cytokine in the occurrence mechanism of cognitive impairment in them.@*Methods@#A total of 75 stable patients who met the mental disorder diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV (patient group) and 40 healthy people (control group) were included in the essay.The method of enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to detected the concentrations of plasma proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-8, TNF-α and IFN-γ as well as the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 in all research objects.The MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) was used to assess the cognitive function of patients.The relationship between plasma cytokines and cognitive function of patients were analyzed when the differences of the plasma cytokines concentrations were compared between the patient group and the control group.@*Results@#(1)Compared with the control group, plasma IL-8 (2.80(2.13)pg/ml vs 0.23 (0.80)pg/ml), TNF-α (1.16(0.47)pg/ml vs 0.67(0.15)pg/ml) in the patient group showed statistically significant difference (P<0.01). (2)In the partial correlation analysis of plasma cytokines and cognitive functions in patients, TNF-α was negatively correlated with the attention/vigilance dimensions(r=-0.29, P=0.03).@*Conclusion@#Stable schizophrenia patients have some problems with cytokine level.There is a correlation between TNF-α level and attention/vigilance dimensions.What's more, cytokine level immunological abnormalities may play some role in the development of cognitive impairment occurrence in patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the anti-osteoporotic effect of Ligustrum lucidum and the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling pathways. Methods: L. lucidum aqueous extract was orally administrated to ovariectomized (OVX) rats for 14 weeks. Then the femurs were removed and stained with hematoxylin & eosin (HE) and Safranin O/Fast Green staining, respectively, to evaluate the change of bone microstructure. The histomorphological parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) of the femurs were measured by micro-CT. Furthermore, rat serum GH level was determined by ELISA assay, and IGF-1 protein expression in liver and bone was determined by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. Results: L. lucidum prevented the disorganized femoral trabeculae and inhibited the decrease in BMD and glycosaminoglycan content in OVX rats. In addition, L. lucidum significantly inhibited the decrease of serum GH levels and improved IGF-1 protein expression of liver and bone in OVX rats. Conclusion: L. lucidum may prevent against osteoporosis through inhibition of bone loss and improvement of bone microstructure via regulating GH/IGF-1 signaling pathway.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 167-173, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881772

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OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and cell cycle in bone marrow cells in benzene-induced aplastic anemia(AA) mouse model. METHODS: Specific pathogens free male CD1 mice were randomly divided into control group and exposure group(n=10, each group). The mice in exposure group were subcutaneously injected with benzene at a dose of 2 mL/kg body weigh diluted 1 ∶1 in corn oil, while the mice in control group were treated with equal volume of corn oil, 3 times a week for a total of 25 times. After exposure, the blood routine and reticulocyte percentage of peripheral blood of mice were examined. The femur histopathology was performed. The levels of benzene and its metabolites hydroquinone, and phenol in blood, liver and bone marrow were tested by solid-phase extraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The level of ROS and the changes of cell cycle in bone marrow mononuclear cells(BMMNCs) were determined by flow cytometry. The protein expression of Cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4(CDK4) in BMMNCs was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Since the 10 th benzene exposure, the body mass of mice in the exposure group was lower than that in the control group at the same time point(P<0.05). After the benzene exposure, all the counts of white blood cell, red blood cell, platelet, and hemoglobin level and reticulocyte percentage in peripheral blood of mice in the exposure group were decreased when compared with the control group(P<0.05). Bone marrow histopathological examination showed that bone marrow hematopoietic cells were decreased and non-hematopoietic cells were increased in the exposure group. In this study, a mouse model of AA induced by benzene was successfully established. The levels of benzene, hydroquinone and phenol in exposure group increased in blood, liver, and bone marrow compared to control group(P<0.05). Furthermore, the level of benzene from high to low were blood, liver and bone marrow, while the levels of hydroquinone and phenol were mainly stored in the blood and bone marrow in exposure group. Compared with the control group, the level of ROS, S phase fraction, and the relative protein expression of Cyclin D1 and CDK4 in BMMNCs increased, while the G1 phase fraction decreased in exposure group(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that benzene and its metabolites induce an increase of ROS level and S phase cell arrest, that play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of benzene-induced AA.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of toluene diisocyanate(TDI) on the activation of autophagy and expression of inflammatory cytokines interleukin(IL)-4 and IL-6 in normal human bronchial epithelial cells(16 HBE). METHODS: i) We prepared TDI-human serum albumin(HSA) and determined the mass concentration of TDI in TDI-HSA. ii) The cells were treated with TDI-HSA and HSA at concentrations of 0.00-400.00 mg/L for 12 hours. CCK-8 assay was used to determinate the cell viability, and TDI-HSA and HSA doses were selected for subsequent experiments. iii) The cells were treated with TDI-HSA and HSA at doses of 0.00-120.00 mg/L for 12 hours, and the levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS) in the cells were detected by flow cytometry. The levels of IL-4 and IL-6 in the cell supernatant were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. iv) The cells were treated with TDI-HSA at doses of 0.00-120.00 mg/L for 12 hours, and the autophagy activity was observed under transmission electron microscope. Western blot was utilized to detect the expression of Beclin1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain(LC3β) and P62. RESULTS: i) The mass concentrations of TDI in 40.00, 80.00 and 120.00 mg/L TDI-HSA groups were 0.44, 0.89 and 1.33 mg/L respectively. ii) The results of CCK-8 showed that TDI-HSA and HSA at doses below 120.00 mg/L did not affect cell viability, and 0.00-120.00 mg/L was selected as the TDI-HSA and HSA treatment doses for subsequent experiments. iii) The level of ROS in cells and the levels of IL-4 and IL-6 in the supernatant of 16 HBE cells in the TDI-HSA group at 40.00, 80.00, and 120.00 mg/L were higher than that in HSA group at the same dose(P<0.01). The level of ROS in cells and the levels of IL-4 and IL-6 in the supernatant of 16 HBE cells increased with the increase of TDI-HSA doses(P<0.01). iv) Transmission electron microscopy showed that the number of autophagic lysosomes in 16 HBE cells increased significantly, and the number of mitochondrial vacuoles increased in 40.00, 80.00, 120.00 mg/L TDI-HSA group compared with 0.00 mg/L group. With the increase of TDI-HSA dose, the relative expression of Beclin1 protein and LC3β-Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio in 16 HBE cell supernatant increased(P<0.05), and the relative expression of P62 protein decreased(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: TDI-HSA induces increased expression of ROS and inflammatory factors and induces autophagy activation in 16 HBE cells. Autophagy may be an important factor for the development of airway inflammation in TDI-induced occupational asthma.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755661

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Objective To construct a model of Graves'disease ( GD ) with ( or ) Graves'ophthalmopathy ( GO) in BALB/c mice by immunization with pcDNA3. 1/TSHR289. Methods pcDNA3. 1/TSHR289 was injected into the bilateral gastrocnemius muscle of 35 model mice and electroporation was immediately performed. 10 control mice were injected with sterile saline and electroporated, while 5 blank mice were injected with sterile saline only. Each group of mice was immunized at 1, 4, 7, and 10 weeks, respectively. Serum total T4 , TSH, TSAb, and TSBAb were measured before immunization, 2 weeks after each immunization, as well as 5 and 8 weeks after the last immunization. CT scan was used to evaluate the morphological changes of the eyes of the mice.99m TcO4- imaging was used to measure the thyroid uptake function, and the pathological changes of the thyroid and orbital tissues were evaluated by HE staining. Results After the 2nd time immunization, the serum concentrations of TT4 , TSAb and TSBAb in GD mice were significantly higher than those of control and blank groups( F=13.781, 31.435, 36.112, P<0.01, respectively).The TSH continued to be significantly lower than that of control and blank groups(F=13.966, P<0.01) . After the 4th time immunizations, the ability of uptaking99m TcO4- in GD mice thyroid was significantly enhanced compared with the control group. The thyroid goiter with a large amount of lymphocyte infiltration, and the thyroid follicle was thin. CT scan of GO mice showed thickening and swelling of the extraocular muscles, and no abnormalities in tendon and muscle attachment points. HE staining showed thickening of extraocular muscle fibers, lymphocyte infiltration of extraocular muscles and orbital tissue, increased hyaluronic acid, and infiltration of fat cells. Conclusion GD or GO model can be successfully induced by multiple intramuscular injection of pcDNA3.1/TSHR289 in BALB/c mice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753925

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Objective To investigate the level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in stable schizophrenia patients, and to explore the relationship between serum VEGF level and clinical symptoms. Methods Seventy-five patients with stable schizophrenia and 40 healthy controls were enrolled. The levels of serum VEGF were detected by flow multiplex protein analysis. The clinical symptoms of patients were assessed by positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS). Results The level of serum VEGF was significantly lower in patients group than in healthy control group [medians (lower and upper quartiles) were 3.77 (2.61, 5.14) pg/mL vs. 6.21 (4.37, 11.16) pg/mL, P<0.01]. There was no significant difference in serum VEGF levels between patients with different gender, smoking or family history of mental illness (P>0.05). The level of VEGF was negatively correlated with the total score of PANSS (r=-0.27, P=0.03), negative symptom subscale score (r=-0.25, P=0.04), lack of response score (r=-0.26, P=0.02), but not with other PANSS scores (P>0.05). Conclusion The serum level of VEGF in patients with stable schizophrenia is lower than that in healthy control group. There is, to some degree, a relationship between the level of VEGF and the severity of clinical symptoms in patients with stable schizophrenia.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824252

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between plasma cytokine level and cognitive function in patients with stable schizophrenia and explore the possible role of cytokine in the occurrence mechanism of cognitive impairment in them.Methods A total of 75 stable patients who met the mental disorder diagnostic criteria of DSM-ⅣV (patient group) and 40 healthy people (control group) were included in the essay.The method of enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to detected the concentrations of plasma proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β,IL-8,TNF-α and IFN-γas well as the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 in all research objects.The MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) was used to assess the cognitive function of patients.The relationship between plasma cytokines and cognitive function of patients were analyzed when the differences of the plasma cytokines concentrations were compared between the patient group and the control group.Results (1) Compared with the control group,plasma IL-8 (2.80 (2.13) pg/ml vs 0.23 (0.80) pg/ml),TNF-α (1.16 (0.47) pg/ml vs 0.67 (0.15) pg/ml) in the patient group showed statistically significant difference (P<0.01).(2)In the partial correlation analysis of plasma cytokines and cognitive functions in patients,TNF-α was negatively correlated with the attention/vigilance dimensions(r=-0.29,P=0.03).Conclusion Stable schizophrenia patients have some problems with cytokine level.There is a correlation between TNF-α level and attention/vigilance dimensions.What's more,cytokine level immunological abnormalities may play some role in the development of cognitive impairment occurrence in patients.

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