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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1068-1099, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929361

ABSTRACT

Drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs), a diverse group of enzymes responsible for the metabolic elimination of drugs and other xenobiotics, have been recognized as the critical determinants to drug safety and efficacy. Deciphering and understanding the key roles of individual DMEs in drug metabolism and toxicity, as well as characterizing the interactions of central DMEs with xenobiotics require reliable, practical and highly specific tools for sensing the activities of these enzymes in biological systems. In the last few decades, the scientists have developed a variety of optical substrates for sensing human DMEs, parts of them have been successfully used for studying target enzyme(s) in tissue preparations and living systems. Herein, molecular design principals and recent advances in the development and applications of optical substrates for human DMEs have been reviewed systematically. Furthermore, the challenges and future perspectives in this field are also highlighted. The presented information offers a group of practical approaches and imaging tools for sensing DMEs activities in complex biological systems, which strongly facilitates high-throughput screening the modulators of target DMEs and studies on drug/herb‒drug interactions, as well as promotes the fundamental researches for exploring the relevance of DMEs to human diseases and drug treatment outcomes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928185

ABSTRACT

Angong Niuhuang Pills(AGNHP) are effective in clearing heat, removing the toxin, and eliminating phlegm for resuscitation. Clinically, it is widely used to treat various diseases such as febrile convulsion due to heat attacking pericardium, but its therapeutic effects on heart failure(HF) have not been well recognized. In this study, the profiles of differential metabolites regulated by AGNHP were identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). The underlying mechanism of AGNHP against HF was illustrated based on the integrated analysis of pharmacological data and metabolic molecular network. The HF model was induced by isoproterenol in mice. After oral administration of AGNHP for one week, cardiac functions in HF mice were evaluated by echocardiography, and serum samples of mice were collected for metabolomics analysis. Eight differential metabolites of AGNHP against HF were screened out through partial least square discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) and input into MetaboAnalyst for the analysis of metabolic pathways. Moreover, the critical metabolic pathways regulated by AGNHP were enriched according to the potential targets of major compounds in AGNHP. After AGNHP treatment, the recovered index of relative content of some metabolites underwent cross-scale fusion analysis with therapeutic efficacy data, followed by "compound-reaction-enzyme-gene" network analysis. It is inferred that the anti-HF effects of AGNHP may be attributed to the metabolism of arachidonic acid, amino acid, glycerophospholipid, and linoleic acid. The cross-scale polypharmacological analysis method developed in this study provides a new method to interpret scientific principles of AGNHP against HF with modern technologies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Metabolomics , Mice
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927945

ABSTRACT

The continuous cropping obstacle of Panax notoginseng is serious, and effective control measures are lacking. Soil disinfection with chloropicrin(CP) has been proven to be effective in reducing the obstacles to continuous cropping of other crops. In order to ascertain the effect of CP in the continuous cropping of P. notoginseng, this paper explored the influences of CP at different treatment concentrations(0,30,40,50 kg/Mu, 1 Mu≈667 m~2) on soil macro-element nutrients, soil enzyme activity, growth and development of P. notoginseng, and the accumulation of medicinal components. The results showed that CP fumigation significantly increased the content of total nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and available phosphorus in the soil, but it had no significant effect on potassium content. The soil protease activity showed a trend of first increasing and then decreasing with the prolonging of the treatment time. Both the soil urease and acid phosphatase activities showed a trend of first decreasing and then increasing with the prolonging of the treatment time. The higher the CP treatment concentration was, the lower the urease and acid phosphatase activities would be in the soil. The protease activity was relatively high after CP40 treatment, which was better than CP30 and CP50 treatments in promoting the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium accumulation in P. notoginseng. The seedling survival rates after CP0, CP30, CP40, and CP50 tratments in October were 0, 65.56%, 89.44%, and 83.33%, respectively. Compared with the CP30 and CP50 treatments, CP40 treatment significantly facilitated the growth and development of P. notoginseng, the increase in fresh and dry weights, and the accumulation of root saponins. In summary, CP40 treatment accelerates the increase in soil nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients and their accumulation in P. notoginseng, elevates the seedling survival rate of P. notoginseng, enhances the growth and development of P. notoginseng, and promotes the accumulation of medicinal components. CP40 treatment is therefore recommended in production.


Subject(s)
Fumigation , Growth and Development , Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated , Panax notoginseng , Soil
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824004

ABSTRACT

The human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), one of the most essential conjugative enzymes, is responsible for the metabolism and detoxification of bilirubin and other endogenous substances, as well as many different xenobiotic compounds. Deciphering UGT1A1 relevance to human diseases and characterizing the effects of small molecules on the activities of UGT1A1 requires reliable tools for probing the function of this key enzyme in complex biological matrices. Herein, an easy-to-use assay for highly-selective and sensitive monitoring of UGT1A1 activities in various biological matrices, using liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (LC-FD), has been developed and validated. The newly developed LC-FD based assay has been confirmed in terms of sensitivity, specificity, precision, quanti-tative linear range and stability. One of its main advantages is lowering the limits of detection and quantification by about 100-fold in comparison to the previous assay that used the same probe substrate, enabling reliable quantification of lower amounts of active enzyme than any other method. The precision test demonstrated that both intra- and inter-day variations for this assay were less than 5.5%. Further-more, the newly developed assay has also been successfully used to screen and characterize the regu-latory effects of small molecules on the expression level of UGT1A1 in living cells. Overall, an easy-to-use LC-FD based assay has been developed for ultra-sensitive UGT1A1 activities measurements in various biological systems, providing an inexpensive and practical approach for exploring the role of UGT1A1 in human diseases, interactions with xenobiotics, and characterization modulatory effects of small mole-cules on this conjugative enzyme.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755569

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the development of cerebral anoxia during controlled hypoten-sion with nicardipine or urapidil after carotid endarterectomy in patients. Methods Forty-four patients of either sex, aged 48-64 yr, scheduled for elective carotid endarterectomy under general anesthesia, requi-ring controlled hypotension after operation, were divided into nicardipine group ( group N ) and urapidil group ( group U) using a random number table method, with 22 patients in each group. Nicardipine at 2. 5μg·kg-1 ·min-1 was intravenously infused in group N, and urapidil 2μg·kg-1 ·min-1 was intravenously infused in group U. After systolic blood pressure was decreased to 130-140 mmHg, the consumption of nicardipine was adjusted to 0. 2 - 0. 5 μg·kg-1 ·min-1 and the consumption of urapidil to 1-2μg·kg-1 ·min-1 in group N and group U, respectively, to maintain systolic pressure at 130-140 mmHg. Heart rate ( HR) , cardiac index ( CI) , bispectral index ( BIS) value, regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and end-tidal pressure of carbon dioxide (PETCO2) were recorded after entering the operating room ( baseline) , at the beginning of controlled hypotension ( T1 ) , and at 5, 10, 20, 30, 60 and 120 min af-ter systolic blood pressure was decreased to the target hypotension ( T2-7 ) . Development of cerebral anoxia( the relative decrease in rSO2>12% of the baseline value) was recorded in controlled hypotension period. Results Compared with the value at T1 , the HR at T2,3 and CI at T3-7 were significantly increased ( P<0. 05), and no significant change was found in rSO2, PETCO2 or BIS value at the other time points in group N (P>0. 05), and rSO2 was significantly decreased at T3-7 (P<0. 05), and no significant change was found in HR, CI, PETCO2 or BIS value at the other time points in group U (P>0. 05). Compared with group N, the HR at T2,3, CI at T3-7 and rSO2 at T3-7 were significantly decreased in group U (P<0. 05). The incidence of cerebral anoxia was significantly higher in group U than in group N ( P<0. 05) . Conclu-sion Controlled hypotension with nicardipine is recommended after carotid endarterectomy in order to avoid the development of cerebral anoxia in the patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754536

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Xingnaojing combined with butylphthalide in the treatment of vascular dementia (VD). Methods One hundred and twenty VD patients admitted to First People's Hospital of Tongxiang from August 1st 2014 to December 1st 2017 were enrolled, all the patients were given routine treatment according to their disease conditions, 53 cases were treated by intravenous drip of butylphthalide and sodium chloride injection (100 mL containing butylphthalide 25 mg and sodium chloride 0.9 g), 100 mL once, 2 times each day (single-use group); another 67 patients were treated with Xingnaojing 20 mL added into 200 mL glucose solution intravenous drip, once a day, on the basis of the treatment in the single-use group (combined group), and both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The changes of mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and activity of daily life (ADL) scores, clinical efficacy and adverse reactions were observed before and after treatment in the two groups. Results The MMSE and ADL scores in both groups were higher after treatment than those before treatment, and the MMSE and ADL scores in the combined group were significantly higher than those in the single-use group (MMSE scores: 26.77±1.30 vs. 25.64±2.81, ADL: 74.77±3.30 vs. 59.23±4.21, both P < 0.05); the clinical efficacy of the combined group was significantly higher than that of the single-use group [97.0% (65/67) vs. 81.1% (43/53), P < 0.05], however, there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the combined group and the single-use group [7.5% (5/67) vs. 7.6% (4/53), P > 0.05 ]. Conclusions After treatment of VD with the combination of Xingnaojing and butylphthalide, the cognitive function and daily living ability of the patients are improved to some extent, the combined treatment is more effective than the single application of butylphthalide, and no obvious adverse reaction occurs during the therapeutic course.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 699-712, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690870

ABSTRACT

Mammalian carboxylesterases (CEs) are key enzymes from the serine hydrolase superfamily. In the human body, two predominant carboxylesterases (CES1 and CES2) have been identified and extensively studied over the past decade. These two enzymes play crucial roles in the metabolism of a wide variety of endogenous esters, ester-containing drugs and environmental toxicants. The key roles of CES in both human health and xenobiotic metabolism arouse great interest in the discovery of potent CES modulators to regulate endobiotic metabolism or to improve the efficacy of ester drugs. This review covers the structural and catalytic features of CES, tissue distributions, biological functions, genetic polymorphisms, substrate specificities and inhibitor properties of CES1 and CES2, as well as the significance and recent progress on the discovery of CES modulators. The information presented here will help pharmacologists explore the relevance of CES to human diseases or to assign the contribution of certain CES in xenobiotic metabolism. It will also facilitate medicinal chemistry efforts to design prodrugs activated by a given CES isoform, or to develop potent and selective modulators of CES for potential biomedical applications.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the inhibitory effect of eight lignan compounds of Fructus Schisandrae chinensis in vitro on carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) and to estimate the herb-drug interaction (HDI) risks of strong CES2 inhibitors selected from the above compounds. METHODS Fluorescein diacetate (FD) was employed as a specific fluorescent probe of CES2. The residual activity of CES2 was detected in human liver microsomes after the intervention with deoxyschizandrin, schisanhenol, schisantherin E, schisandrol A, schisandrol B, gomisin J, gomisin G, and gomisin O at 37℃ for 10 min, respectively. 1% DMSO served as control. Residual activity of CES2 was assessed with metabolite production of FD detected by fluorescent intensity, combined with IC50 values of the above compounds to predict HDI risks between lignans and CES2-metabolizing drugs. RESULTS Compared with control group, the activity of CES2 was significantly inhibited by deoxyschizandrin and schisanhenol (P<0.01), with IC50 values of 8.06 μmol · L- 1 and 8.91 μmol · L- 1, respectively. The other six lignans compounds exhibited mild inhibitory effect on CES2. HDI risk prediction of deoxyschizandrin or schisanhenol indicated that exposure of CES2-metabolizing drugs might increase 11.24 and 0.40 times, respectively. CONCLUSION Deoxyschizandrin and schisanhenol exhibit strong inhibitory effects against CES2 in vitro so that potential HDI risks should be taken into account during administration of drugs containing Fructus Schisandrae chinensis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615859

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of monitored anesthesia care (MAC) under the guidance of bispectral index in surgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma in elderly patients.Methods Sixty patients (33 males, 27 females, aged 65-85 years, ASA physical status Ⅱ-Ⅳ) undergoing sphenotresia drainage of chronic subdural hematoma from March, 2014 to May, 2015 were randomly divided into BIS-guided monitored care anesthesia group (group M) and local anesthesia group (group C).Propofol and remifentanil were intravenously infused into patients from group M to maintain BIS index 65-75, vital signs stability and no movement.Local anesthesia was performed before skin incision for each patient.The frequency of medication, the incidence of adverse events were record.The satisfied degree of sedation and analgesia were also evaluated.Results The frequency of movement, local anesthesia drug and additional use of esmolol, were significantly less in group M than those in group C.The satisfaction degree of sedation and analgesia were significantly higher in group M than those in group C (P<0.05).There was no significant difference of respiratory depression and airway obstruction between the two groups.No nausea vomiting reflex and respiration occurred in all groups.Conclusion Bispectral index guidance can be safely applied in surgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma in elderly patients, which can supply more sedative and analgesic satisfaction than local anesthesia.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1041-1046, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290128

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Differentiating intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) from cerebral infarction as early as possible is vital for the timely initiation of different treatments. This study developed an applicable model for the ambulance system to differentiate stroke subtypes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 26,163 patients initially screened over 4 years, this study comprised 1989 consecutive patients with potential first-ever acute stroke with sudden onset of the focal neurological deficit, conscious or not, and given ambulance transport for admission to two county hospitals in Yutian County of Hebei Province. All the patients underwent cranial computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging to confirm the final diagnosis based on stroke criteria. Correlation with stroke subtype clinical features was calculated and Bayes' discriminant model was applied to discriminate stroke subtypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 1989 patients, 797, 689, 109, and 394 received diagnoses of cerebral infarction, ICH, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and other forms of nonstroke, respectively. A history of atrial fibrillation, vomiting, and diabetes mellitus were associated with cerebral infarction, while vomiting, systolic blood pressure ≥180 mmHg, and age <65 years were more typical of ICH. For noncomatose stroke patients, Bayes' discriminant model for stroke subtype yielded a combination of multiple items that provided 72.3% agreement in the test model and 79.3% in the validation model; for comatose patients, corresponding agreement rates were 75.4% and 73.5%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The model herein presented, with multiple parameters, can predict stroke subtypes with acceptable sensitivity and specificity before CT scanning, either in alert or comatose patients. This may facilitate prehospital management for patients with stroke.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Classification , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Stroke , Classification , Diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249227

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe clinical efficacy in treating cutaneous deficiency of traumatic shank amputation stump with full-thickness skin graft combined with vacuum sealing drainage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2009 to December 2012, 15 patients with cutaneous deficiency of traumatic shank amputation stump were treated with full-thickness skin graft combined with vacuum sealing drainage. Among patients, there were 11 males and 4 females with an average age of 41.5 (ranged from 25 to 62) years old. Ten cases were caused by traffic accident and 5 cases were caused by heavy object, 9 cases on left and 6 cases on right. Six patients with smashed wound were treated with debridement and amputation, combined with vacuum aspiration in-emergency; 9 patients caused by infection and necrosis were treated with debridement and amputation, combined with vacuum aspiration, and full-thickness skin graft were performed at stage II. The skin defect area of residual limbs ranged from 40 cm x 20 cm to 25 cm x 15 cm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 3 months to 1 year. Full-thickness skin graft of residual limbs were survived,and obtained satisfactory walking function with prosthetic. Residual skin increased thicken, wearproof without rupture and pain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Full-thickness skin graft combined with vacuum sealing drainage in treating cutaneous deficiency of traumatic shank amputation stump could reserve the length of residual limbs, increase survival rate of skin graft with less scar of survival skin, get good wearability and it is conducive to prosthetic wear. It is a simple and easy treatment method.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Amputation Stumps , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Leg Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Methods , Skin , Wounds and Injuries , Skin Transplantation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on lung injury induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion (l/R) in rats.Methods Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 4-5 months,weighing 250-300 g,were randomized into 4 groups (n =10 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S); group I/R; dexmedetomidine pretreatment group (group D1) and dexmedetomidine postconditioning group (group D2).Renal I/R was induced by right nephrectomy and occlusion of the left kidney for 45 min followed by reperfusion in animals anesthetized with intraperitoneal chloral hydrate.In group D1,dexmedetomidine was infused intravenously starting from 30 min before ischemia until beginning of ischemia.In group D2,starting from onset of reperfusion until 30 min of reperfusion,dexmedetomidine was infused intravenously for 10 min at a rate of 1 μg· kg-1 · h-1,and then infused for 20 min at 0.5 μg· kg-1 · h 1.Blood samples were collected at 6 h of reperfusion to determine serum creatinine,blood urea nitrogen,interleukin-1β (IL-1β),IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentrations,and IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations in broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF).Lungs were removed for microscopic examination and for determination of wet/dry lung weight ratio.Results Compared with group S,wet/dry lung weight ratio,serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen concentrations,and IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 concentrations in serum and BALF were significantly increased in the other three groups (P < 0.05).The parameters mentioned above were significantly lower in D1 and D2 groups than in I/R group (P < 0.05).Microscopic examination showed that the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in D1 and D2 groups as compared with I/R group.Conclusion Both dexmedetomidine pretreatment and postconditioning can attenuate lung injury induced by renal I/R and inhibition of inflammatory responses is involved in the mechanism.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 999-1001, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420819

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficiency of transduction of recombinant adenovirus-mediated human endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) into lung tissue by repeated intratracheal transfection in rats.Methods Sixty 3-4 month old male Wistar rats weighing 220-280 g were randomly divided into 2 groups:control group (group C,n =10) and eNOS gene transduction group (group T,n =50).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 35 mg/kg,tracheally intubated and mechanically ventilated (VT 2.5 ml,RR 60 bpm,FiO2 1.0).Recombinant adenovirus carrying human eNOS gene was given as gift by Professor Gerard from Texas University,Southwest Medical Center.In group T 50 μl of the recombinant adenovirus in concentration of 5 × 109 PFU/ml was instilled into trachea every 5 minutes for 12 times,while in group C equal volume of vector conservation solution was instilled instead.Pulmonary arterial blood samples were obtained at 2,5,7,14 and 21 d after intratracheal transfection (n =10 at each time point) for determination of serum NO concentration.The animals were immediately sacrificed after blood sample collection for determination of expression of eNOS protein in the lung tissue and RNA.The eNOS expression in the trachea,bronchus,lung,liver,spleen and kidney was detected by immuno-histochemistry.Results The serum NO concentrations were significantly higher at all time points in group T than in group C.The eNOS expression was detected in the epithelial cells of trachea and bronchi,and endothelial cells of alveoli and pulmonary blood vessels in group T but not in group C.eNOS expression was not detected in liver,spleen and kidney at 7 d after intratracheal transfection in group T.Conclusion Human eNOS gene mediated by recombinant adenovirus was transducted into rat lung tissue with normal enzyme activity by repeated intratracheal administration without being detected in distant organs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 394-402, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354718

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is trying to analysis the homology between four lentogenic Class I genotype 3 Newcastle disease virus isolates from different hosts with NDV strain NDV 08-004, which was the first obtained complete genome sequence virus of class I genotype 3. The full-length genome of NDV isolates, JS/3/09/Ch, ZJ/3/10/Ch, AH/2/10/Du and JS/9/08/Go,were determined by RT-PCR and then an alyzed. All the genomes are 15 198 nucleotides (nt) in length. Compared with the full genome sequences of Class II NDV stains (genotype IV-IX),four isolates has a 6-nt deletion in the non-coding region of nuclear phosphoprotein gene between nucleotides 1 640-1 641 and 12-nt insertion in the coding region of phospho protein gene between nucleotides 2 381-2 382. All the isolates have the motifs 112EQ/RQE/GRL117 at the cleavage site of the fusion protein, which is typical of lenogenic NDV strains, and it is in agreement with the result of pathogenic tests. The full-length genome of 4 genotype 3 NDV isolates shared 93% nucleotide identity with NDV08-004. The results of alignment of 6 viral genes showed that NP gene shared the highest identity (98.3%-96.4%) and P gene shared the lowest identity (96.1%-91.9%). The results show the following two points. First, it is concluded that the isolates from different hosts share the same genotype has the insignificant divergence in the genetic information. Second, it is proposed that the mutation rates of NP/F/L genes are lower than P/M/HN genes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genome, Viral , Genetics , Genomics , Genotype , Host Specificity , Genetics , Newcastle disease virus , Classification , Genetics , Phylogeny
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313855

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To introduce treatment method of replantation of severed thumb trauma with proximal arterial, and to evaluate its efficacy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2007 to March 2009,13 patients with severed thumb in serious injury of proximal arterial were treated with vein graft of volar forearm,bridging between dorsal carpal branch of radial artery on nasopharyngeal fossa and distal stump of ulnar proper digital artery. Among them, there were 11 males and 2 females with an average age of 34.5 years ranging from 16 to 50 years. Seven cases were in the left thumb,6 in the right thumb. Eight cases were complete separation, incomplete separation in 5 cases. Ten cases recieved emergency reimplantation, 3 cases with the arterial crisis after conventional replantation were explorated and repaired.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thumb of 13 cases all survived. All patients were followed-up for 8 to 17 months (averaged, 11 months). Replantation thumb obtained satisfactory appearance. According to Chinese Medical Association Society of Hand Surgery Trial criteria, the results were excellent in 9 fingers, good in 3 fingers, 1 poor finger. Two point discrimination of finger pulp was 5 to 8 mm (averaged 6.5 mm).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>By repairing artery of thumb with vein graft of volar forearm, bridging between dorsal carpal branch of radial artery on nasopharyngeal fossa and distal stump of ulnar proper digital artery,complex severed thumb replants on surgery position comfortable,without affecting the blood supply of the hand, expanding the indications for replantation and improving the success rate of replantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radial Artery , General Surgery , Replantation , Methods , Thumb , General Surgery , Ulnar Artery , General Surgery , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To introduce the method of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) transection through palmar mini-incision for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and evaluate its efficacy and safety.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2006 to September 2007, 15 patients (18 hands) with CTS were treated with palmar longitudinal mini-incision decompression. There were 2 males and 13 females, with an average age of 48 years (ranged 34 to 69) and an average course of 18 months (ranged 8 to 26). The main clinical symptom including the radial numbness or pain of the 3 and a half fingers, wrist pain and radiation to the forearm, the night awake history of numbness, thenar muscle atrophy, positive Tinel sign and Phalen sign. Median nerve electrophysiology showed that sensory nerve conduction velocity (SCV) slowed down and sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) decreased or missed, short abductor muscle of thumb had spontaneous potential in severe cases. Clinical effect were evaluated according to the Global symptom score (GSS) scoring in aspect of pain, numbness, paraesthesia, weakness and nocturnal awakening.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Postoperative wound smoothly healed in all patients and no complications occurred. All patients were followed up from 20 to 28 months with an average of 24 months. Symptoms of 1 patient had not incomplete relief, other patient's symptoms disappeared and muscle force of abductor pollicis brevis reinforced. Postoperative GSS scoring obviously improved than preoperative (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome through palmar mini-incision decompression has advantages such as higher safe, shorter operative time, less invasive, smaller scar, which can cut off carpi transversum ligament and thoroughly decompress median nerve under direct sight, it is a safe and effective operative approach.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , General Surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2584-2588, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292840

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Everlasting cellular proliferation is the fundamental feature during gliomagenesis and Ki-67 is one of the classical proliferation markers in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, the driver genes or core pathways for cellular proliferation in GBM have not been elucidated systematically.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We evaluated by immunohistochemistry the prognostic value of Ki-67 expression in the clinical outcome of 156 Chinese patients with GBM and a total of 64 GBM samples were selected for further Agilent genome-wide microarray analysis. On the basis of the microarray data from Tiantan (n = 64) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) (n = 202) database, differentially expressed genes between the GBM subgroups with high or low level of Ki-67 expression were identified using Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM). Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG Pathway analyses were then undertaken for the Ki-67 associated genes to identify the most significant biological processes and signaling pathways.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We confirmed that Ki-67 was an independent prognostic indicator in the largest Chinese patient cohort of 156 GBM samples via immunohistochemical staining. Survival analysis of Ki-67 over-expression revealed a highly significant association with a worse clinical outcome (P = 0.010 for progression-free survival; P = 0.007 for overall survival). Comparative and integrated analysis between Tiantan and TCGA database identified a 247-gene "proliferation signature" (205 up-regulated and 42 down-regulated genes) that distinguished Ki-67 expression phenotypes. GO and KEGG Pathway analyses further indicated that Ki-67 expression phenotype was associated with distinct changes in gene expression associated with the regulation of cellular growth and proliferation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Proliferation marker Ki-67 is an independent prognostic indicator in Chinese GBM patients. And Ki-67 associated proliferation signature identified through genome-wide microarray analysis may provide potential targets for anti-proliferation therapy in GBM.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Methods , Glioblastoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Ki-67 Antigen , Genetics , Metabolism , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413399

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the prognosis after acute cerebral infarction using a combination of indicators. Methods Two hundred and seventeen patients with acute cerebral infarction admitted from October 2005 to December 2008 were studied. Logistic regression analysis of the data from 112 of the patients admitted from October 2005 to March 2007 was used to select 20 indicators for study. The indicators were combined into prognostic indexes using a multi-layer perception (MLP) neural network (NN) model. Data on the subsequent 105 patients were usedto appraise the model. Results The agreement of the prediction results of the NN model with the real recovery observations was rated as "excellent" in 39 cases, "OK" in 27 and "bad" in 32. The sensitivities were 95.1%,87.1% and 96.9% respectively. On average, the differences between the predicted results with the NN model andthe real recovery were not significant. Conclusion The NN model delivered good precision in predicting the outcome of acute cerebral infarction and it is worthy of further investigation.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3042-3048, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292757

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Previous studies have shown that glioma patients have lower blood IgE levels than controls. To evaluate its potential as a surrogate biomarker for glioma, we measured plasma IgE levels in glioma patients and healthy controls, and correlated them with clinicopathological factors and the patients' outcome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We used enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) to determine the plasma IgE levels of 25 normal subjects and 252 glioma patients (85 patients with grade II glioma, 46 patients with grade III glioma, and 121 patients with glioblastoma). We also collected longitudinal plasma samples from glioblastoma patients and compared the plasma IgE levels before operation, one week after operation, in the middle of radiotherapy, after two cycles of chemotherapy, and after recurrence. The correlations between plasma IgE levels and the outcomes of the patients were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Plasma IgE levels were significantly lower in glioma patients (P = 0.004); patients with low-grade glioma have lower IgE levels than patients with high-grade glioma do (P = 0.029). In 24 patients with both preoperative plasma and two-cycle chemotherapy plasma samples, IgE levels increased after successful removal of the tumor (P = 0.021), and the increase correlated with the patients' survival (increase > 100 ng/ml vs. ≤ 100 ng/ml, 127.5 weeks vs. 62.3 weeks. P = 0.012, log-rank). Plasma IgE level increase of > 100 ng/ml has a specificity of 80% and a sensitivity of 78% to predict the patients' long survival (> 18 months).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results suggest that plasma IgE level correlates with clinical and pathological factors in glioma patients. It has the potential to be a biomarker for glioma patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomarkers , Blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Glioblastoma , Blood , Therapeutics , Glioma , Blood , Therapeutics , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Male , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome
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