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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 191-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the social functioning characteristics of children with co ocurrence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) for intervention reference.@*Methods@#The Chinese Version of Swanson Nolan and Pelham, Version IV Scale-Parent Form(SNAP-IV), the Chinese Version of Weiss Functional Impairment Scale-Parent(WFIRS-P), and the Questionnaire-Children with Difficulties (QCD) were applied to 192 children with ADHD, 243 children with co occurrence of ADHD and ODD, who firstly visited the Department of Children Psychological Health of Zhuhai Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, and 118 healthy control children from a school in Zhuhai.@*Results@#The scores of attention deficit factor in SNAP-Ⅳ scale of children in three groups were[1.9(1.7, 2.1), 1.8(1.6, 1.9), 1.0(0.6, 1.2)], the scores of hyperactive impulsivity were[1.8(1.4, 2.1), 1.6(1.1, 1.8), 0.7(0.2, 1.0)] the scores of oppositional defiant were[1.6(1.5, 1.9), 1.0(0.8,1.1), 0.8(0.5, 1.0)], the differences were statistically significant( H=268.44, 237.97, 418.66, P <0.01). The dimensions and total scores of the three groups of children s WFIRS-P scale were family[0.8(0.6, 1.1), 0.6(0.3, 0.8), 0.3(0.1, 0.6)]; learning and school[0.8(0.5, 1.1), 0.8(0.5, 1.0), 0.3(0.1, 0.5)]; life skills[1.0(0.7, 1.2), 0.8(0.6, 1.0), 0.6(0.4, 0.8)]; self management [1.0(0.3, 1.0), 0.7(0.3, 1.0), 0.3(0.0, 0.7)]; social activities [0.7(0.4, 1.0), 0.6(0.3, 0.9), 0.3(0.0, 0.4 )]; adventure activities[0.3(0.2, 0.5), 0.2(0.1, 0.4), 0.1(0.0, 0.2)]; the total score[0.8(0.6, 1.0), 0.6(0.5, 0.8), 0.4( 0.2 , 0.6)], the difference between the groups was statistically significant( H=108.82, 122.45, 60.17, 40.58, 96.17, 76.57, 138.30, P <0.01). The difference between the QCD scale scores of children in the three groups was statistically significant[30.0( 24.0 , 37.0), 32.0(27.0, 40.0), 47.0(37.0, 52.3), H=124.65, P <0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that attention deficit, and oppositional defiant symptoms were associated with both the total WFIRS-P score and the QCD score of children( R 2= 0.40 , 0.25, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Children with co occurrence of ADHD and ODD have more severe deficits in all dimensions of social functioning than children with ADHD, which might be associated with attention deficit and oppositional defiant symptoms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 86-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and treatment strategy of neonatal ureaplasma meningitis.Methods:During 2021, the clinical data of 2 neonates with ureaplasma meningitis treated in Children's Hospital of Hunan Province were retrospectively analyzed. Literature on this subject were searched in the following databases: CNKI, Wanfang Database, Chinese Medical Journal Full-Text Database, CQVIP database, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science (up to March 2022). The key words included “infant”, “neonate”, “newborn”, “ureaplasma”, “mycoplasma urealytium”, “meningitis”, “central nervous system infection”, “brain”. The clinical data, treatment and prognosis of patients from the literature were summarized.Results:Case 1, female, gestational age(GA) 33 +3 weeks, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and ventricular dilatation were found on 2 d after birth. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) routine and biochemistry tests indicated meningitis, but the CSF culture was negative. No improvement after antibiotic treatment. CSF metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and 23S rRNA showed Ureaplasma urealyticum on 30 d after birth. The patient was treated with doxycycline (DOX) for 21 d until mNGS turned negative and DOX was discontinued. However, the disease recurred 23 d later and erythromycin was added with DOX as combined therapy. The patient was followed up until 6 months without neurodevelopmental disabilities. Case 2, male, GA 26 weeks, ICH and ventricular dilatation were found on 10 d after birth. The CSF routine and biochemistry tests indicated meningitis, but the CSF culture was negative. No improvement after antibiotic treatment. CSF mNGS and 23S rRNA showed Ureaplasma parvum. The patient received erythromycin therapy for 32 d and had normal neurodevelopment at 5 months. According to the literature, 43 cases were reported including the 2 cases descirbed above, 17 cases were full-term infants and 26 cases were preterm infants. The median CSF leukocytes, glucose and proteins were 566 cells/mm 3, 0.2 mmol/L and 2.2 g/L. 27 cases were diagnosed based on CSF culture, 6 cases using mNGS, 4 cases with both CSF culture and PCR method and 6 cases with other methods. Macrolides alone were used in 14 cases, macrolides combined with another antibiotic were used in 8 cases, non-macrolide antibiotics were used in 9 cases and 12 cases didn't receive any anti-ureaplasma therapy. All 17 term infants survived, however, 8 cases with hydrocephalus. Among the 26 preterm infants, 8 patients died, 18 patients had periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage and 15 patients had hydrocephalus. Conclusions:Neonatal ureaplasma meningitis has significantly lower CSF glucose level with hydrocephalus as the common complication. For intracranial infections of unknown etiology and no response to treatment, mNGS is helpful in determining the pathogen.Neonatal ureaplasma meningitis should be treated with macrolides alone or as add-on therapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 606-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a blood consumption prediction model for emergency trauma patients based on machine learning algorithm, so as to guide blood collection and blood supply institutions to prepare for the early blood demand of mass casualties in public emergencies.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on trauma patients in the emergency system database of 12 hospitals in Zhejiang Province from January 2018 to December 2020. Patients with chronic medical history such as hematological diseases and tumors, and transferred from other hospitals after external treatment were excluded. The patients were divided into the transfusion group and non-transfusion group according to whether they received blood transfusion. The differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared, and the computer learning algorithm (XGBoost) was used to build the blood consumption prediction model and blood consumption volume prediction model of emergency trauma patients.Results:Totally 2025 patients were included in this study, including 1146 patients in the transfusion group and 879 patients in the non-transfusion group. The blood demand of emergency trauma patients mainly occurred within 3 days of admission (60%). The main variables affecting the blood consumption prediction model of emergency trauma patients were shock index, hematocrit, systolic blood pressure, abdominal injury, pelvic injury, ascites and hemoglobin. Compared with the traditional prediction model, XGBoost model had the highest hit rate of 59.0%. The accuracy of blood consumption prediction model was the highest when seven levels of blood volume were adopted, and the deviation fluctuated between [0~1] U. According to the prediction model, the blood consumption prediction formula was∑ nw× c. Conclusions:The preliminarily constructed prediction model of blood transfusion and blood consumption for emergency trauma patients has better performance than the traditional prediction model of blood transfusion, which provides reference for optimizing the decision-making ability of blood demand assessment of hospitals and blood supply institutions under public emergencies.

4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 749-752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985818

ABSTRACT

The gallbladder is the most common site of tumor occurrence among biliary tract cancer. Gallbladder cancer accounts for approximately 0.6% of new cancers and 0.9% of cancer-related deaths. The risk factors identified for the development of gallbladder cancer include being female,>65 years of age, asymptomatic gallstone disease,and obesity. Surgical resection is the only curative treatment for early-stage gallbladder cancer, and some intermediate or advanced gallbladder cancers can be radically cured by extended resection. However, the extent of liver resection or lymph node dissection and whether to combine it with bile duct removal, revascularisation,and multiple organ resection remain somewhat controversial. After neoadjuvant treatment, up to a third of patients with locally advanced gallbladder cancer benefit from secondary surgical treatment. Only a small proportion of patients with gallbladder cancer at high risk for recurrence will benefit from postoperative adjuvant therapy. With the advent of different target-targeted drugs and the use of genetic tests in biliary tract cancer, targeted therapy and PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors may become the new standard of care for gallbladder cancer and need to be further explored.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 877-884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985607

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between muscle mass and quality of life in adults in Shaanxi adults. Methods: The data in this analysis were part of the baseline survey of the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China from June 2018 to May 2019 in Shaanxi Province. The participants' quality of life, including physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS), was assessed by the 12-Item Short Form Survey, and the Body Fat Determination System measured muscle mass. A logistic regression model with adjustment for confounding factors was established to analyze the association between muscle mass and quality of life in different genders. Further, sensitivity and subgroup analyses were conducted to explore its stability. Finally, a restricted cubic spline was employed to investigate the dose-response relationship between muscle mass and quality of life in different genders. Results: A total of 20 595 participants were included, with an average age of 55.0, and 33.4% were male. After controlling for potential confounders, compared with the Q1 group, the risk of low PCS was reduced by 20.6% (OR=0.794, 95%CI: 0.681-0.925) and the risk of low MCS was lower reduced by 20.1% (OR=0.799, 95%CI: 0.689-0.926) in female Q5 groups. Compared with the Q1 group, the risk of low PCS was reduced by 24.4% (OR=0.756, 95%CI: 0.644-0.888) in the male Q2 group. However, no significant association between muscle mass and MCS in males has been found. In females, restricted cubic spline analysis showed a significant linear dose-response relationship between muscle mass and PCS and MCS. Conclusions: There is a positive association between muscle mass and quality of life in Shaanxi adults, especially females. With the increase in muscle mass, the physical and mental functions of the population continue to improve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Male , Quality of Life , Cohort Studies , Adipose Tissue , China , Muscles
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971081

ABSTRACT

Biogenetics plays an important role in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder in adolescents. Various genetic polymorphism studies have updated the understanding of adolescent depressive disorder. However, due to the influence of gene-environment interaction and age of puberty, the influence of gene polymorphisms on adolescent depressive disorder is complicated to clarify. Investigating and clarifying the relationship between gene polymorphisms and adolescent depressive disorder will promote the research on the pathogenesis of this disorder and provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of this disorder. This article reviews the genetic polymorphisms related to adolescent depressive disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gene-Environment Interaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 39-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970943

ABSTRACT

It is difficult to insert long-term dialysis catheters after severe stenosis or occlusion of the internal jugular vein and innominate vein. We used REcanalisation and balloon-oriented puncture for Re-insertion of dialysis catheter in nonpatent central veins (REBORN) in seven patients with severe central venous lesions, and all patients were inserted with long-term dialysis catheters successfully. None had severe complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pulmonary embolism during operation. All catheters functioned well after postoperative follow-up of 2 months. REBORN provides a novel approach to establish difficult dialysis pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling , Renal Dialysis , Jugular Veins , Punctures
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 101-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970453

ABSTRACT

Craniovertebral junction anomalies are a group of diseases characterized by the pathological changes of occipital bone,atlantoaxial bone,cerebellar tonsil,surrounding soft tissue,and nervous system,which are caused by a variety of factors.Chiari malformation is a common type of craniovertebral junction anomalies,the conventional surgical therapy of which is posterior fossa decompression.Currently,scholars represented by Goel have proposed a new theory on the classification,pathogenesis,and treatment of Chiari malformation based on posterior atlantoaxial fixation (Goel technique).This article introduces the progress in Goel technique,aiming to provide reference for the clinical work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arnold-Chiari Malformation/surgery
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 539-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and various immune cell composition in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 104 patients with AML undergoing allo-HSCT in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the hematopoietic reconstitution and occurrence of GVHD were analyzed. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of various types of immune cells in the grafts, the number of graft composition in patients with different degrees of aGVHD was calculated and compared, and to analyze the correlation between the severity of aGVHD in AML patients after allo-HSCT and the immune cell components in the graft.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the time of hematopoietic reconstitution between the high number group of total number of nucleated cells (TNC) and the low number group, while the time of neutrophil and platelet reconstruction in the high number of CD34 group was significantly faster than that in the low number of CD34 group (P<0.05), and the total hospital stay also tends to be shorten. Compared with patients in 0-Ι aGVHD group, both HLA-matched and HLA-haploidentical transplantation, the infusion amounts of CD3+ cells, CD3+CD4+ cells, CD3+CD8+ cells, NK cells and CD14+ monocytes were higher in patients of Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05); In addition, in patients with HLA-haploidentical transplantation, the number of CD4+CD25+ cells in Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD group was significantly lower than that in 0-Ι aGVHD group (P<0.05), and the same trend was also observed in HLA-matched transplanted patients, but the difference was not significant (P=0.078).@*CONCLUSION@#High number of CD34+ cells in the graft is beneficial to hematopoietic reconstitution in AML patients. To a certain degree, high number of CD3+ cells, CD3+CD4+ cells, CD3+CD8+ cells, NK cells and CD14+ cells tend to increase the occurrence of aGVHD, but high number of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells is beneficial to reduce the incidence of aGVHD in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Graft vs Host Disease
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2904-2918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981444

ABSTRACT

Ajania belonging to the subtribe Artemisiinae of Anthemideae(Asteraceae) is a genus of semi-shrubs closely related to Chrysanthemum. There are 24 species of Ajania in northwestern China, most of which are folk herbal medicines with strong stress tolerance. Modern medical studies have demonstrated that the chemical constituents of Ajania mainly include terpenoids, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, alkynes, and essential oils. These compounds endow the plants with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antimalarial, antioxidant, and insecticide effects. In this study, we reviewed the research progress in the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Ajania, aiming to provide reference for the further research and development of Ajania.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chrysanthemum , Alkynes , Antimalarials , Antioxidants/pharmacology
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 325-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To validate the feasibility of the gamma analysis method in the study of prescription dose conversion between logistic nanodosimetry model (LNDM) and microdosimetric kinetic model (MKM) basing on the Chinese self-developed model LNDM by applying clinical experiences of National Institute of Radiological Science (NIRS).Methods:Physical dose distributions derived from the MKM- and LNDM-based carbon ion treatment plans were compared via the method of gamma analysis under the open-source treatment planning platform matRad. In this way, the prescribed dose conversion factor between the MKM- and LNDM-based treatment plans was obtained. Using water phantoms, the influence of geometric shape, size, depth of target volume (TV), prescribed dose and field setting on the conversion factor was investigated comprehensively. Moreover, preliminary verification of the acquired conversion factor was conducted on the C-shape model and a case of liver cancer patient.Results:The conversion factor depended on the field setting rather than the TV shape. Under the condition of single field, the conversion factor was positively correlated with the size and depth of TV, and the prescribed dose. Moreover, the conversion factor was successfully verified using the C-shape model and the patient with liver cancer, where the gamma passing rates (2%/2 mm) of the physical dose distribution generated by the MKM and LNDM treatment plans were 92.79% and 91.19%, respectively.Conclusions:The conversion factors (f=D LNDM/D MKM) obtained in this study might provide guidance for the prescribed dose setting during the carbon ion treatment planning based on the LNDM. Besides, the gamma analysis method could be used for the study of the prescribed dose conversion between different models.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 515-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of deep learning-based restoration of obscured thyroid ultrasound images.Methods:A total of 358 images of thyroid nodules were retropectively collected from January 2020 to October 2021 at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and the images were randomly masked and restored using DeepFillv2. The difference in grey values between the images before and after restoration was compared, and 6 sonographers (2 chief physicians, 2 attending physicians, 2 residents) were invited to compare the rate of correctness of judgement and detection of image discrepancies. The ultrasound features of thyroid nodules (solid composition, microcalcifications, markedly hypoechoic, ill-defined or irregular margins, or extrathyroidal extensions, vertical orientation and comet-tail artifact) were extracted according to the Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-TIRADS). The consistency of ultrasound features of thyroid nodules before and after restoration were compared.Results:The mean squared error of the images before and after restoration ranged from 0.274 to 0.522, and there were significant differences in the rate of correctness of judgement and detection of image discrepancies between physicians of different groups(all P<0.001). The overall accuracy rate was 51.95%, the overall detection rate was 1.79%, there were significant differences also within the chief physicians and resident groups (all P<0.001). The agreement rate of all ultrasound features of the nodules before and after image restoration was higher than 70%, over 90% agreement rate for features such as solid composition and comet-tail artifact. Conclusions:The algorithm can effectively repair obscured thyroid ultrasound images while preserving image features, which is expected to expand the deep learning image database, and promote the development of deep learning in the field of ultrasound images.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 416-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of preoperative enhanced CT combined with serum cytokeratin fragment 19 (CYFER21-1) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:160 patients with NSCLC admitted to Linyi Cancer Hospital from October 2018 to October 2021 were retrospectively selected. All patients received surgical treatment in our hospital, and 84 patients with lymph node metastasis (metastatic group) and 76 patients without lymph node metastasis (non-metastatic group) were confirmed after surgery. The features of enhanced CT images and serum CYFER21-1 and NSE levels were compared between the two groups before operation, and the value of each index in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in patients with NSCLC alone and in combination was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The proportions of patients with lesion diameter ≥3.0 cm, pleural depression, lymph node enlargement shown by CT, lymph node short diameter ≥10 mm, lymph node boundary ambiguity and lymph node enhancement in metastatic group were significantly higher than those in non-metastatic group, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). Serum CYFER21-1 and NSE levels in metastatic group were significantly higher than those in non-metastatic group, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). The area under curve (AUC) of CYFER21-1 and NSE levels in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in NSCLC patients were 0.652 and 0.845, respectively, and the diagnostic cut-off values were 4.81 ng/ml and 24.14 ng/ml, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of CYFER21-1+ NSE+ enhanced CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in NSCLC patients were 91.67% and 94.74%. Conclusions:Preoperative enhanced CT is of certain clinical value in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in NSCLC patients. Combined with serum CYFER21-1 and NSE levels, enhanced CT can further improve the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 148-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of 99mTc-methylenediphosphonate(MDP) whole body bone scintigraphy in early brucellosis patients with bone and joint injuries. Methods:According to the Diagnosis for Brucellosis (WS 269-2019), combined with epidemiological history, clinical manifestations and serological tests, from November 2020 to April 2021, 15 early brucellosis patients (the course of disease was within 6 months) who had not received any drug treatment diagnosed at the Department for Brucellosis Prevention and Control, Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control were selected as the research subjects, and 99mTc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy was performed on the patients to evaluate the images and analyze the pathological changes. Results:The 99mTc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy of 15 patients with early brucellosis showed abnormalities, and the abnormal concentration of radionuclides mainly occurred in the 8th to 12th thoracic vertebrae (T8-12), the 1st to 2nd lumbar vertebrae (L1-2) and L4-5. Among them, the thoracic vertebrae abnormalities were T8, T9, T10, T11 and T12 in 1 case each; lumbar vertebrae abnormalities were 1 case of L1, 1 case of L2, 4 cases of L4, and 5 cases of L5. Conclusions:The 99mTc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy is abnormal in patients with early brucellosis. Bone scintigraphy has certain value in the diagnosis of bone and joint injuries in patients with early brucellosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 115-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991265

ABSTRACT

There are still many existing problems in the training of medical undergraduates and microsurgery talents in China, such as lack of scientific research ability and scientific literacy of medical undergraduates, insufficient practical ability, short of scientific research opportunities for medical undergraduates, and inadequate talent reserve in microsurgery. In view of the above shortcomings, Wannan Medical College has established a training course on microneurosurgery technology for medical undergraduates, and made a preliminary exploration to solve the above problems. Through the training, undergraduates not only improve their practical ability, but also stimulate their interest in microsurgery, which will help them adapt to clinical and scientific research work at an early stage. Neurosurgical microscopic technology training with emphasis on extracurricular expansion as main content, plays an important role in the cultivation of undergraduate microscopic skills, the establishment of basic theories of neurosurgery, the improvement of scientific research accomplishment and the expansion of extracurricular vision.

16.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 351-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006089

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the role of RRM2 in prostate cancer and the mechanism. 【Methods】 The data of prostate cancer expression profile were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The correlation between RRM2 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis of prostate cancer was analyzed. The protein expressions of RRM2 in 55 cases of prostate cancer and 38 benign tissues were determined with immunohistochemistry (IHC). The effects of RRM2 on the biological process of prostate cancer were assessed with bioinformatic analysis. The biological process of RRM2 affecting the progression of prostate cancer was verified with Western blot and flow cytometry. 【Results】 RRM2 was highly expressed in prostate cancer, and the expression was positively correlated with the clinical stage, pathological grade and metastasis of prostate cancer (P<0.05). Higher RRM2 expression predicted poorer survival. RRM2 co-expression positively correlated genes were involved in cell cycle pathways, pyrimidine nucleotide metabolism, and biological processes such as RNA transport. Cell cycle pathways were significantly enriched. RRM2 was highly correlated with CDK1 and PCNA molecules. RRM2 knockdown reduced the protein expressions of CDK1 and PCNA in DU145 and LNCap cell lines, which were arrested in the G2/M phase. 【Conclusion】 RRM2 promotes tumor progression by interfering with G2/M cycle of prostate cancer cells.

17.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1079-1085, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005945

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the impact of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) FGD5-AS1 on the malignant biolo-goical behavior of bladder cancer (BC) cells by regulating micro RNA (miR)-129-5p/cyclin dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) axis. 【Methods】 Human BC cell line T24 was cultured from tumor tissue and paracancerous tissue of 105 patients with confirmed BC. The expressions of FGD5-AS1, miR-129-5p and CDK6 mRNA in tissue samples and T24 cells were detected with RT-qPCR. T24 cells were randomly divided into control group, si-NC group, si-FGD5-AS1 group, si-FGD5-AS1+inhibitor NC group and si-FGD5-AS1+miR-129-5p inhibitor group. The cell viability, migration, invasion andapoptosis were detected with CCK-8, Wound healing test, Transwell assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase3 and CDK6 were detected with Western blot. The relationship between FGD5-AS1 and miR-129-5p, between miR-129-5p and CDK6 were verified with double luciferase reporter gene experiment. 【Results】 FGD5-AS1 and CDK6 mRNA were highly expressed in BC tissue, while miR-129-5p was lowly expressed (P<0.05). After FGD5-AS1 silencing, the expression of FGD5-AS1,A450 value, cell scratch healing rate, cell invasion number, and expressions of Bcl-2 and CDK6 were significantly lower, while the apoptosis rate and expressions of miR-129-5p, Bax and Caspase3 were significantly higher (P<0.05). Inhibition of miR-129-5p expression reversed the effects of FGD5-AS1 silencing on various indexes of BC cells (P<0.05). FGD5-AS1 negatively regulated the expression of miR-129-5p, and miR-129-5p negatively regulated the expression of CDK6. 【Conclusion】 Silencing FGD5-AS1 may inhibit the expression of CDK6 protein by up-regulating miR-129-5p, thus inhibiting the proliferation, migration and invasion of BC cells and promoting cell apoptosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1140-1142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003951

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the possible molecular pathogenesis of a child with hemophilia A accompanied by coagulation factor Ⅺ reduction by testing coagulation-related indicators and genotyping in the child and his family. 【Methods】 Peripheral blood from the patient and his parents for detection of coagulation factors Ⅷ, Ⅸ, Ⅺ, Ⅻ, VWF∶Ag, lupus anticoagulants and F VIII, F XI inhibitors were collected. All exons and flanking sequences of the genes encoding FⅧ and FⅪ were sequenced and bioinformatically analyzed. 【Results】 The child had low FⅧ and FⅪ activity and no parental abnormalities were observed. The sequencing results showed that there was a c. 1834(exon12) C>T heterozygous mutation in the FⅧ gene and a c. 1817 (exon15) G>A heterozygous mutation in the FⅪ gene, which was de novo. Bioinformatics analysis shows that the FⅪ mutation changes the original protein structure and increases the number of carboxyl groups. 【Conclusion】 For patients with prolonged APTT, in addition to excluding factors that interfere with APTT testing, all coagulation factors related to APTT should be tested to clarify the diagnosis.

19.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 729-742, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003593

ABSTRACT

@#Based on our previous work, the study herein designed and synthesized eight glycoconjugates of natural product harmine (14a-14h)by introducing a cyclohexylmethyloxyl group at its C7 position and coupling a methyl-2-amino-β-D-glucopyranoside to the N9 position through different lengths of alkyl chains.In vitro anti-tumor activity screening and structure-activity relationship studies showed that the antitumor activity of the conjugates increased with the lengthening of the alkyl chain in the linker.Compound 14h exhibited significantly better proliferative inhibitory activity against MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells than harmine.As compared to harmine, the introduction of the carbohydrate moiety improved the water solubility of compound 14h and enhanced its tumor cell selectivity through the Warburg effect.Mechanism of action studies revealed that compound 14h induced apoptosis and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in MDA-MB-231 cells, and inhibited tumor cell migration by interfering with epithelial-mesenchymal transition process.This study provides a new approach for the development of antitumor drugs based on harmine.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3046-3050, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of different enteral nutrition (EN) drugs for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and their gastrointestinal tolerance. METHODS A total of 118 SAP patients admitted to the Pancreatic Center of Jiangsu Provincial People’s Hospital from January 1, 2022 to June 30, 2023 were collected and divided into short-peptide EN drugs (SP) group (41 cases), dietary fiber-free intact protein EN drugs (TP-MCT) group (40 cases) and dietary fiber-containing intact protein EN drugs (TPF-DM) group (37 cases) according to the types of EN. All three groups of patients were given continuous pumps of EN drugs via nasal feeding for 24 hours, with a target energy dose of 25-30 kcal/kg. The blood nutritional indexes [albumin (ALB), total protein (TP), hemoglobin (Hb), globulin (GLB)], inflammation indexes [white blood cells (WBC), percentage of neutrophils (N%), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6)], clinical outcomes indexes [time of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), length of hospital stay, duration of resuming oral diet, the rate of cases without improvement, mortality rate] and the occurrence of gastrointestinal tolerance were collected from 3 groups before medication and 7 d after medication. RESULTS After treatment, ALB and TP in 3 groups were significantly higher than before treatment (P<0.05); CRP and N% of 3 groups, PCT of TP-MCT group and IL-6 of SP group were significantly lower than corresponding group before medication (P< 0.05); PCT of TP-MCT group and IL-6 of SP group were significantly lower than those of other two groups at corresponding period (P<0.05). There were no statistical significances in ALB, TP, CRP or N% among the three groups after medication, and in Hb, GLB or WBC among the three groups before and after treatment (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in clinical outcome indexes among 3 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions in the TP-MCT group was the lowest (32.50%), and significantly lower than those in the SP group (46.34%) and TPF-DM group (48.65%) (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Different EN preparations can improve the nutritional status and reduce the inflammatory response in SAP patients to different extents, among which SP and TP-MCT are more effective, and TP-MCT shows the better gastrointestinal tolerance.

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