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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939980

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of trunk control training during unstable sitting on knee pain and function in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. MethodsFrom January, 2019 to December, 2021, 41 patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome in Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 20) and experiment group (n = 21). Both groups accepted routine rehabilitation, and the experiment group accepted trunk control training during unstable sitting in addition, for four weeks. They were assessed with Visual Analogue Scale for pain (VAS) and Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS), and measured stability indexes with Balancer before and after treatment. ResultsAll the VAS score, AKPS score, and the overall, anterior-posterior and left-right stability indexes improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 12.089, P < 0.001); and improved more in the experiment group than in the control group (|t| > 5.864, P < 0.001). ConclusionTrunk control training during unstable sitting may improve knee pain and function, and motor control.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939978

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of neuromuscular training on femoroacetabular impingement. MethodsFrom January, 2017 to November, 2021, 27 patients with femoroacetabular impingement in Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 13) and observation group (n = 14). The control group accepted routine rehabilitation training, and the observation group accpeted neuromuscular training in addition. They were assessed with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, peak torque (PT) of hip flexion and extension, Y-balance test (YBT) and simplified International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12) before and after treatment. ResultsThe VAS score, PT, YBT score and iHOT-12 score improved in the observation group after treatment (|t| > 3.628, P < 0.01), while the VAS score and PT improved in the control group (|t| > 3.409, P < 0.01). After treatment, the VAS score, PT, YBT score and iHOT-12 score were better in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 2.067, P < 0.05). ConclusionNeuromuscular training can relieve the pain of patients with femoroacetabular impingement, and improve the muscle strength and function of hip joint.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939976

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of a perioperative rehabilitation clinical pathway of acetabular fracture in light of orthopedics rehabilitation team approach. MethodsA prospective randomized control trial was conducted in 82 patients with acetabular fractures who had been admitted from the Emergency Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from June, 2019 to January, 2021. The patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 41) and intervention group (n = 41). The control group was managed routinely, while the intervention group received the rehabilitation clinical pathway, for 24 weeks. The Visual Analogue Score (VAS) of pain, the Barthel Index (BI) and Majeed Pelvic Score were compared. ResultsFinally, 76 patients completed the trial. There was no statistical difference in VAS score between two groups in all periods (|Z| < 1.926, P > 0.05). The BI score was higher in the intervention group than in the control group at discharge, two weeks, six weeks and twelve weeks after operation (|Z| > 2.121, P < 0.05); and no significant difference was found before operation and 24 weeks after operation (|Z| < 1.862, P > 0.05). Majeed Pelvic Score was higher in the intervention group than in the control group two weeks, six weeks, twelve weeks and 24 weeks after operation (|Z| > 2.428, P < 0.05). Six, twelve and 24 weeks after operation, the excellent rate of Majeed Pelvic Score was higher in the intervention group than in the control group (χ2 > 6.136, P < 0.05). ConclusionIn comparison with traditional protocol in acetabular fracture, the perioperative rehabilitation clinical pathway was proved effective and of great safety in the light of the integration of orthopedics and rehabilitation mode for improving the function and activities of daily living of patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935764

ABSTRACT

Quetiapine is a psychotropic drug. Excessive use of quetiapine may lead to drowsiness, blurred vision, respiratory depression, hypotension and extrapyramidal reactions. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is rare due to overdose of quetiapine. On 14 February 2020, a patients with coma, respiratory arrest and hypotension due to overdose of quetiapine were admitted to our hospital. After receiving mechanical ventilation、plasma adsorption and anti-inflammatory treatment, the patient's consciousness turned clear, the machine was successfully removed and extubated, and the patient's condition was improved and discharged from hospital. We analyzed the clinical data of the patient with quetiapine poisoning, and discussed the clinical symptoms and chest CT characteristics of ARDS caused by quetiapine poisoning, in order to improve the understanding of quetiapine poisoning and improve the success rate of rescue.


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents , Dibenzothiazepines , Drug Overdose/therapy , Humans , Quetiapine Fumarate/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 126-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935488

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of NTRK3 gene rearrangement thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC). Methods: The PTC cases without BRAF V600E mutation were collected at Fujian Provincial Hospital South Branch from January 2015 to January 2020. The cases of NTRK3 gene rearrangement PTC were examined using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The clinical data, histopathological characteristics, immunohistochemical features and molecular pathological changes were retrospectively analyzed. Data from the TCGA PTC dataset and the literature were also studied. Results: A total of 3 PTC cases harboring NTRK3 gene rearrangement were confirmed. All the patients were female, aged from 26,49,34 years. Histologically, two of them demonstrated a multinodular growth pattern. Only one case showed prominent follicular growth pattern; the other two tumors showed a mixture of follicular, papillary and solid growth patterns. All tumors showed a typical PTC nuclear manifestation, with some nuclear pleomorphism, vacuolated foci and oncocytic features. The characteristic formation of glomeruloid follicular foci was present in two cases which also showed psammoma bodies, and tumoral capsular or angiolymphatic invasion. The background thyroid parenchyma showed chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Mitotic rates were low, and no cases had any tumor necrosis. The pan-TRK and TTF1 testing was both positive in 3 cases, while S-100 and mammaglobin were both negative in them. FISH studies confirmed the NTRK3 gene rearrangement in all 3 cases. Studies on the TCGA datasets and literature revealed similar findings. Conclusions: NTRK3 gene rearrangement PTC is rare. It may be easily misdiagnosed due to the lack of histological and clinicopathological characteristics. Molecular studies such as pan-TRK immunostaining, FISH and even next-generation sequencing are needed to confirm the diagnosis. Immunohistochemistry of pan-TRK performed in the PTC cases without BRAF V600E mutation can be used as a good rapid-screening tool. With the emergence of pan-cancer tyrosine receptor kinase inhibitors, proper diagnosis of these tumors can help determine appropriate treatments and improve their outcomes.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Receptor, trkC , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 282-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935141

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of composite clinical worsening (cCW) events and its components on the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (CHD-PAH). Methods: This is a retrospective study. Patients who were diagnosed with CHD-PAH in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between January 2007 and July 2018, were included, and their baseline clinical data including demographic, clinical manifestations and New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification were collected retrospectively. All-cause deaths and clinical worsening events were recorded, which included syncope, PAH related hospitalization, NYHA classification deterioration and ≥ 2 PAH related clinical symptoms (dyspnea, hemoptysis, edema, chest pain, palpitations, cyanosis) appearance/progress. Three kinds of cCW events were defined: cCW1 (included PAH related hospitalization, NYHA classification deterioration), cCW2 (increased syncope on the basis of cCW1) and cCW3 (increased ≥ 2 PAH related clinical symptoms appearance/progress on the basis of cCW2). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the long-term survival of the included patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the impact of cCW events and their components on the risk of all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 525 patients with CHD-PAH were included in this study. The median age at diagnosis was 20.7 (11.2, 30.3) years. There were 43.8% children (<18 years), and 68.8% female patients. There were 431 patients (82.1%) with NYHA classification II. A total of 180 patients had PAH symptoms at diagnosis. The median follow-up time was 4.5 (2.6, 6.7) years. Forty-seven patients (9.0%) died during the follow-up period. Survival rates at 1, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of PAH were 98.0%, 89.9% and 84.4%, respectively. Cox multivariate analysis showed that NYHA classification deterioration (HR=3.901, 95%CI 1.863-8.169, P<0.001), ≥2 PAH symptoms appearance/progress (HR=4.458, 95%CI 1.870-10.625, P<0.001), PAH-related hospitalization (HR=4.058, 95%CI 1.851-8.896, P<0.001) and syncope (HR=11.313, 95%CI 4.860-26.332, P<0.001) were independent predictors of increased risk of death. All 3 kinds of cCW events were significantly associated with the significantly increased risk of death, and cCW2 was highly predictive to increased risk of death (HR=15.476, 95%CI 4.346-37.576, P<0.001). Conclusions: The overall long-term prognosis of CHD-PAH patients in this study is relatively good. cCW events and its components (NYHA classification deterioration, ≥2 PAH symptoms occurrence/worsening, PAH-related hospitalization and syncope) have adverse influence on all-cause death in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Child , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension/complications , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/complications , Male , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933616

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of chimney stent for reconstruction of left subclavical artery (LSA) in thoracic endovascular aotic repair (TEVAR) for acute Stanford type B aortic dissection with insufficient anchorage zone and non-thrombotic false lumen.Methods:TEVAR with chimney stent for LSA in 39 cases of acute Stanford type B aortic dissection with insufficient anchorage zone and non-thrombotic false lumen was done from Feb 2013 to Jan 2021.Results:Covered chimney stents was used in 11 cases and bare chimney stents in 28 cases. There was no postoperative stroke, left upper limb ischemia, paraplegia, hemiplegia and death. No stent migration, reverse tear and dissection rupture were observed. One bare stent was obstructed after 18 months, and all the remaining stents were patent during follow-up. The rate of immediate type Ⅰa endoleak in covered chimney stent group and bare chimney stent group were 0(0/11) and 32.1%(9/28) respectively ( P=0.04). The distance from proximal tear to LSA in covered chimney stent group, endoleak subgroup and non-endoleak subgroup in bare chimney stent were (5.1±2.3)mm, (14.4±5.2)mm and (7.8±7.0)mm respectively ( P<0.05). False lumen thrombosis was formed in endoleak subgroup 2-8 weeks after operation, and endoleak disappeared. Conclusions:There is a correlation between immediate type Ⅰa endoleak in bare chimney stent for LSA and the distance from proximal tear to LSA, covered chimney stent can reduce the incidence of immediate type Ⅰa endoleak in TEVAR for acute Stanford type B aortic dissection with insufficient anchorage zone and non-thrombotic false lumen.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932582

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of conventional western medicine therapy and oral traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compound in the prevention and treatment of radiotherapy-inducedoral mucositis (RTOM) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Methods:A randomized, single-center, and open-label controlled experiment was conducted. Software Stata was used to generate random numbers, and 100 subjects were randomly assigned to two groups ata 1∶1 ratio, namely the integrated Chinese and western medicine group(the integrated group) and the conventional western medicine group. This study focused on the incidence of level-ⅢRTOM, followed by these verity degree of RTOM, therisk of malnutrition, and safety.Results:The incidences of level-III RTOM in the integrated group and the conventional western medicine group were 18% and 46%, respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=9.007, P=0.003). Compared to the integrated group, the conventional western medicine group showed a significantly increase dseverity degree of RTOM ( OR=3.269, 95% CI: 1.627-6.567, P<0.001) and higher risk of malnutrition ( OR=3.021, 95% CI: 1.786-5.109, P<0.001). Moreover, compared to the integrated group, the conventional western medicine group showed decrease dincidence of thirst (48.97% and 72.00% respectively; χ2=5.493, P=0.019) and decreased incidence of neutrophilcount reduction(12.24% and 30.00%, respectively, χ2=4.668, P=0.031). The incidence of mild/moderate adverse events related to TCM compound was 4.08%(2/49), and no serious adverse events related to TCM compound were observed. Conclusions:Compared to the conventional western medicine regimen, the integrated Chinese and western medicine regimen IS more effective in the prevention and treatment of RTOM. Meanwhile, its clinical application is safe and reliable.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of lysosomal membrane permeabilization(LMP)inuranyl acetate-induced death of human kidney proximal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells.Methods:HK-2 cells were exposed to uranyl acetate at concentrations of 100, 300 and 600 μmol/L for 24 h, then in tracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)and mitochondrial superoxide were measured by DCFH-DA and MitoSOX probe, respectively. HK-2 cells were divided into four groups: blank control group, NAC or CA-074 Me group, uranyl acetate exposure group and uranyl acetate exposure plus NAC or CA-074 Me group. Two-color immune of luorescence staining was used to detect the co-localization of galectin-1 and lysosomal associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1) to measure the extent of LMP, and to detect the non- co-localization of cathepsin B and LAMP-1 to reflect the release of cathepsin B in lysosomes. Calcein-AM/PI double staining method was used to detect cell death. One-color immune of luorescence staining of cleaved-caspase-3 expression was used to detect apoptosis. Results:Intracellular ROS and mitochondrial superoxide levels were significantly increased in HK-2 cells after exposure with 100, 300 and 600 μmol/L uranyl acetate for 24 h, about 1.1-2.5 times or 4.0-28 times, respectively( tROS=17.98, 11.84, 11.75, P< 0.05; tmitochondrial superoxide=6.14, 16.02, 13.06, P< 0.05), and they also increased with uranyl acetate concentrations ( tROS=10.10, 10.37, 5.59, P< 0.05; tmitochondrial superoxide=21.50, 15.16, 5.93, P< 0.05). The percentage of co-localization of galectin-1 and LAMP-1 and the percentage of non- co-localization of cathepsin B and LAMP-1 were markedly increased in HK-2 cells after exposure with 600 μmol/L uranyl acetate for 24 h, 5.4-6.7 times or 1.5-2.1 times, respectively ( tGalectin-1=15.85, 12.70, P< 0.05; tCathepsin B=5.95, 6.69, P< 0.05), but these increases were inhibited by NAC ( tGalectin-1=4.74, P<0.05; tCathepsin B=4.51, P< 0.05). Moreover, the cell death rate and the cleaved-caspase-3 expression level were also significantly increased in HK-2 cells after exposure with 600 μmol/L uranyl acetate for 24 h, about 28-47 times or 2.4-6.0 times, respectively( tPI=30.40, 10.34, P<0.05; tCleaved-caspase-3=18.49, 9.52, P<0.05), and these increases were obviously diminished by CA-074 Me ( tPI= 6.76, P<0.05; tCleaved-caspase-3=13.47, P<0.05). Conclusions:Exposure to uranyl acetate induces a burst of intracellular ROSthat leads to LMP and consequently causes leakage of cathepsin B from lysosomes to cytoplasm, in turn triggering the lysosomal-dependent cell death and mitochondrial-regulated apoptosis of HK-2 cells.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the humeral head necrosis after open reduction and anatomic locking plate fixation of complex proximal humeral fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 20 patients who had been treated for humeral head necrosis after surgery of complex proximal humeral fracture at Department of Traumatic Orthopaedics, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from September 2012 to June 2020. They were 7 males and 13 females with an average age of 57.4 years (from 35 to 84 years). Analyzed were their fracture types, time for diagnosis of humeral head necrosis, length of the medial residual bone, thickness of the humeral head and shoulder function.Results:The 20 patients were followed up for 8 to 104 months (average, 48.3 months). According to the Neer classification, there were 8 three-part fractures and 12 four-part fractures; shoulder dislocation was complicated in 10 cases. According to the AO-OTA classification, there were 16 type C fractures and 4 type B fractures. The length of the medial residual bone averaged 4.8 mm (from 0 to 10.7 mm); the medial soft tissue hinge was damaged in 18 cases and the thickness of the humeral head averaged 20.6 mm (from 13.6 to 33.0 mm). All fractures got united at the first stage after an average time of 8.4 weeks (from 5 to 12 weeks). The time for diagnosis of humeral head necrosis averaged 16.5 months (from 8 to 24 months). At the final follow-up, the Constant-Murley score of the affected side averaged 53.4 (from 22 to 74) while that of the healthy side 85.5 (from 53 to 98), with a ratio of affected side to healthy side of 62.43% (from 27.95 to 82.70%).Conclusions:Necrosis of the humeral head was common after surgery for complex proximal humerus fractures, most of which were three- or four-part ones or combined with shoulder dislocation. In most of the patients, the medial soft tissue hinge was damaged and the length of the residual medial bone usually shorter than 8 mm. Necrosis of the humeral head happened late after surgery. The function of the affected shoulder was significantly lower than that of the healthy side.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 200-203, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the epidemic trend of human brucellosis in Qinghai Province, so as to provide basis for scientific prevention and control of the disease.Methods:In 2019 and 2020, at the national and provincial brucellosis monitoring sites in Qinghai Province, a total of 18 counties (cities and districts, hereinafter referred to as counties), no less than 400 serum samples were sampled every year for brucellosis Rose-Bengal plate agglutination test (RBPT) and serum tube agglutination test (SAT), which would be tested and judged according to the criteria of "Diagnosis for Brucellosis" (WS 269-2019).Results:In 2019, a total of 1 612 people were monitored in national brucellosis monitoring sites, 93 were RBPT positive, 54 were SAT positive, 54 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 3.35% (54/1 612). In 2020, 1 677 people were monitored in national brucellosis monitoring sites, 151 were RBPT positive, 80 were SAT positive, 80 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 4.77% (80/1 677). There were significant differences in RBPT positive rate, SAT positive rate and prevalence rate among national monitoring sites between the two years (χ 2 = 12.52, 4.24, 4.24, P < 0.05). In 2019, a total of 6 043 people were monitored in provincial brucellosis monitoring sites, 128 were RBPT positive, 91 were SAT positive, 87 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 1.44% (87/6 043). In 2020, 5 664 people were monitored, 108 were RBPT positive, 59 were SAT positive, 52 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 0.92% (52/5 664). There was no significant difference in RBPT positive rate among provincial monitoring sites between the two years (χ 2 = 0.66, P = 0.416), and the differences in SAT positive rate and prevalence rate were statistically significant among provincial monitoring sites between the two years (χ 2 = 4.98, 14.57, P < 0.05). Conclusion:In 2019 and 2020, there are human brucellosis in national and provincial brucellosis monitoring sites in Qinghai Province.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between inducible carbon monoxide synthase (iNOS) and delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP), and explore its mechanism of action in DEACMP.Methods:This study was designed as prospective cohort study. Patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning who met the diagnostic criteria and were admitted to Emergency Intensive Care Unit(EICU) of our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as subjects. Patients were divided into the DEACMP group and non-DEACMP group according to the occurrence of DEACMP. Serum samples were collected on the first 24 h after admission and on day 7 and 14 after admission, and the serum nitric oxide (NO), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), inducible carbon monoxide synthase (iNOS), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) level were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The generalized estimating equation was used to estimate the difference of NO, nNOS, iNOS and eNOS between DEACMP and non-DEACMP patients.Results:A total of 78 patients with carbon monoxide poisoning were included in our study finally, including 49 (62.82%) males and 29 (37.18%) females, with an average age of (53.96±14.95) years, 20 (25.64%) patients with DEACMP, and 1 (1.28%) death. Univariate analysis showed that patients with DEACMP had an average increase of 3 h (95% CI: 1.00, 5.00) in carbon monoxide exposure time and a 5-point decrease in GCS score (95% CI: 1.00, 6.00) than the patients without DEACMP, and the proportion of patients with severe carbon monoxide poisoning in the DEACMP group was higher than that of the non-DEACMP group (90.00% vs. 32.76%). According to the analysis of generalized estimation equation, on day 7 and 14 after admission, Compared with non-DEACMP patients, neither by performing unadjusted nor adjusted analysis with the iNOS of DEACMP patients was significantly higher than that in non-DEACMP patients regardless of whether exposure time, GCS score, coma time or severity of carbon monoxide poisoning were adjusted or not ( P <0.01 or P <0.05). Except for the level of nNOS in the GEE model adjusted with carbon monoxide exposure time, the levels of NO, nNOS and eNOS showed no significant difference between DEACMP and non-DEACMP patients ( P >0.05). Conclusions:The expression of iNOS level is increased in DEACMP patients, and its continuous expression may be involved in the pathogenesis of DEACMP.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930110

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) excessive patterns and clinical characteristics of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with chronic pulmonary heart disease (CPHD) in high altitude environment.Methods:Patients with acute exacerbation of COPD complicated with CPHD admitted to the Pulmonology Department of Qinghai Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from December 2016 to November 2017 were selected. Demographic data and clinical medical characteristics data of the patients were collected, and TCM patterns differentiation was conducted. The correlation between each pattern type and clinical characteristics and all collected laboratory indexes were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.Results:Phlegm obstructing lung pattern showed a negative correlation relationship with mMRC score [ OR=0.419, 95% CI (0.219-0.802), P=0.009], PCT [ OR=8.132×10 -11, 95% CI (1.632×10 -16-4.1×10 -5), P<0.001], Hb [ OR=0.971, 95% CI (0.952-0.989), P=0.002] and PaCO 2[ OR=0.914, 95% CI (0.853-0.980), P=0.011]; turbid phlegm obstructing lung pattern showed a negative correlation relationship with gender(0 male, 1 female) [ OR=0.427, 95% CI (0.204-0.892), P=0.024], Hb [ OR=0.960, 95% CI (0.945-0.975), P<0.001], and there was a positive correlation relationship with LVEF [ OR=1.061, 95% CI (1.006-1.118), P=0.028]; phlegm-heat obstructing lung pattern showed a negative correlation relationship with Hb [ OR=0.950, 95% CI (0.927-0.974), P<0.001]and cardiac function grade [ OR=0.468, 95% CI (0.248,0.881), P=0.019], and there was a positive correlation relationship with PCT [ OR=1.118×10 8, 95% CI (1.466×10 4-8.523×10 11), P<0.001] and D-D [ OR=2.283, 95% CI (1.300-4.010), P=0.004]; there was a negative correlation between phlegm and stasis blocking lung pattern with cardiac function grade[ OR=0.309, 95% CI (0.167-0.570), P<0.001], and there was a positive correlation relationship with Hb[ OR=1.060, 95% CI (1.042-1.078), P<0.001]; there was a negative correlation between wet phlegm and blood stasis heat pattern with PCT [ OR=1.266×10 -13, 95% CI (1.658×10 -21-0.1×10 -4), P<0.001], SaO 2 [ OR=0.934, 95% CI (0.892-0.979), P=0.004], LVEF [ OR=0.896, 95% CI (0.826-0.971), P=0.008], D-D [ OR=0.030, 95% CI (0.002-0.508), P=0.015], and there was a positive correlation relationship with CRP [ OR=1.042, 95% CI (1.018-1.067), P<0.001], RBC [ OR=3.411, 95% CI (1.684-6.910), P<0.001], cardiac function grade [ OR=8.573, 95% CI (2.410-30.504), P<0.001], pulmonary arterial pressure difference [ OR=2.091, 95% CI (1.243-3.516), P=0.005]. Conclusions:Male patients are more prone to phlegm and turbidities than female patients. PCT and D-D were the main risk factors of phlegm-heat obstruction syndrome. Elevated hemoglobin is a risk factor for patients with phlegm stasis and lung syndrome. Heart function classification is the main risk factor of phlegm-dampness-stasis heat syndrome.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for an individual with a para-Bombay phenotype.@*METHODS@#A proband with mismatched forward and reverse serotypes for the ABO blood group was identified. Weakly expressed ABH blood type antigen on the surface of red blood cells was verified by absorption and release test, and the blood group substances in saliva was detected by sialic acid test. Exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene and exons of the FUT1 and FUT2 genes were subjected to direct sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to be of O type by forward ABO serotyping and AB type by reverse ABO serotyping, though H and substance A and B were detected in her saliva. DNA sequencing revealed that she has harbored c.35C/T, c.328G/A, and c.504delC compound heterozygous variants of the FUT1 gene. Haploid analysis showed that her FUT1 genotype was h328A/h35T+504delC, which has been uploaded to the NCBI website (No. MW323551).@*CONCLUSION@#The para-Bombay phenotype of the proband may be attributed to the novel compound heterozygous variants including c.504delC of the FUT1 gene, which may affect its function by altering the activity of FUT1 glycotransferase.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , China , Female , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early and middle stage efficacy and complications of minimally invasive extraperitoneal oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 22 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases underwent OLIF from October 2017 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 males and 8 females, aged from 51 to 72 years with an average of (63.15±7.22) years. There were 6 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 5 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 4 cases of adjacent vertebral disease, 3 cases of degenerative lumbar scoliosis, 3 cases of discogenic low back pain, and 1 case of recurrence after posterior lumbar decompression. Posterior minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation was performed in 13 cases and Stand-alone fixation in 9 cases. Intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative drainage volume, landing time were recorded. The intervertebral disc height(IDH), intervertebral foramen height(IFH), intervertebral foramen area( IFA), canal diameter(CD), canal area(CA) were measured before and after operation. The imaging changes (including location of fusion cage, interbody fusion, and cage subsidence) and complications were observed. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), numerical rating scales (NRS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were compared before and 3, 6, 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 22 patients successfully completed the operation. The intraoperative blood loss was 25 to 280 ml with an average of (95.45±79.07) ml and that of simple anterior approach was 25 to 70 ml with an average of (45.71±15.42) ml. The operation time was 75 to 210 min with an average of (137.72±37.66) min, and the simple anterior operation time was 75 to 105 min with an average of (91.40±15.96) min. The total drainage volume was 10 to 110 ml with an average of (56.23±31.15) ml, and the time to go down to the ground was 24 to 72 hours (54.48±18.24) hours after operation. Postoperative IDH improved (6.63±2.61)mm(P<0.05), the IFH improved (5.35±2.47)mm (P<0.05), the IFA improved (97.67±33.58)mm2(P<0.05), the CD improved (3.31±1.61) mm(P<0.05), the CA improved (57.52±31.39) mm2(P<0.05). Five patients got interbody fusion at 6 months after operation and all 22 patients got interbody fusion at 12 months after operation. There was 5 cases of fusion cage subsidence, all of which occurred in the cases without posterior fixation(using Stand-alone fixation). There was no serious complication such as big blood vessel injury, ureter injury, dural sac injury and nerve root injury. Peritoneal injury occurred in 1 case, postoperative transient thigh pain, decrease of quadriceps femoris muscle strength in 4 cases and sympathetic nerve injury in 1 case. The symptoms of lumbago and radicular pain of lower extremities were alleviated obviously 3 days after operation. The ODI, NRS and JOA scores at 6, 12 months after operation were significantly improved(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with definite indications by OLIF can achieve satisfactory clinical results, and it has advantages of less intraoperative bleeding, fast time to land, less complications, good imaging improvement and indirect decompression. But the operation time and fluoroscopy time are longer in the early stage, and complications such as peritoneal injury and lumbar plexus over traction may occur. The long-term incidence of settlement of fusion cage with Stand-alone technology is higher.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928247

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to determine the methylation profile of four CpGs and the genotypes of two CpG-SNPs located in promoter region of DIO2 in patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). We also analyzed the interaction between the CpGs methylations and CpG-SNPs. Methods Whole blood specimens were collected from 16 KBD patients and 16 healthy subjects. Four CpGs and two CpG-SNPs in the promoter regions of DIO2 were detected using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The CpGs methylation levels were compared between samples from KBD patients and healthy subjects. The methylation levels were also analyzed in KBD patients with different CpG-SNP genotypes. Results The mRNA expression of DIO2 in whole blood of KBD patients was significnatly lower than in healthy controls (P <0.05). The methylation levels of DIO2-1_CpG_3 in KBD patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P <0.05). The methylation levels of four CpGs were not significantly different between KBD patients and healthy controls. The methylation level of DIO2-1_CpG_3 in the promoter region of DIO2 in KBD patients with GA/AA genotype was significantly higher than that of KBD patients with GG genotype (P <0.05). Conclusion The methylation level of DIO2 increases in KBD patients. Similar trends exist in KBD carriers of variant genotypes of CpG-SNPs DIO2 rs955849187.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Humans , Iodide Peroxidase/genetics , Kashin-Beck Disease/genetics , Methylation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923964

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the oral health, related knowledge and behavior of 12-year-old children in Guoluo Prefecture, Qinghai Province, and provide scientific evidence for policy-making of oral health programs. Methods Six counties were selected by using a multi-stage and stratified sampling strategy. Oral health examination and survey questionnaire were performed according to the instructions of the Fourth National Oral Epidemiology Study. The oral health examination included dental caries and periodontal status. The questionnaire investigated oral health knowledge and behavior. Results The prevalence of caries was 71.6% (288/402)and their DMFT was 2.04±1.90. Approximately 1.2% of deciduous teeth were filled. In the children, 81.3% (327/402) had teeth brush every day, while only 42.0% (169/402) brushed twice or more per day. Moreover, 10.2% (41/402) used fluoride toothpaste; in contrast, 62.2% (250/402) did not use toothpaste appropriately. In addition, the survey on dietary habits showed that 41.3% of the children consumed sweetened food once or more per day. Conclusion Oral health education should be further strengthened to promote oral health in children.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923942

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the oral health, related knowledge and behavior of 12-year-old children in Guoluo Prefecture, Qinghai Province, and provide scientific evidence for policy-making of oral health programs. Methods Six counties were selected by using a multi-stage and stratified sampling strategy. Oral health examination and survey questionnaire were performed according to the instructions of the Fourth National Oral Epidemiology Study. The oral health examination included dental caries and periodontal status. The questionnaire investigated oral health knowledge and behavior. Results The prevalence of caries was 71.6% (288/402)and their DMFT was 2.04±1.90. Approximately 1.2% of deciduous teeth were filled. In the children, 81.3% (327/402) had teeth brush every day, while only 42.0% (169/402) brushed twice or more per day. Moreover, 10.2% (41/402) used fluoride toothpaste; in contrast, 62.2% (250/402) did not use toothpaste appropriately. In addition, the survey on dietary habits showed that 41.3% of the children consumed sweetened food once or more per day. Conclusion Oral health education should be further strengthened to promote oral health in children.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 425-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923144

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to assess brain oxygenated hemoglobin (Oxy Hb) activation in college students with different sleep quality under the verbal fluency task (VFT), so as to better provide a theoretical basis for the neural mechanism for sleep quality improvement of college students.@*Methods@#A simple random sampling method was used to investigate 96 college students from one university during 2020 and 2021. According to the results of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI), participants were divided into 3 groups: good sleep quality group( n =45), moderate group( n =33), and poor group( n =18). The 53 channel near infrared spectroscopy to collect cerebral blood oxygen signals under the VFT task. Association between oxygenated hemoglobin with sleep quality was analyzed.@*Results@#About 18.75% of college students reported sleep quality problems, including long sleep latency (0.97±0.97) and poor subjective sleep quality (0.96±0.72). There was a significant negative correlation between PSQI score and average oxygenated hemoglobin (Avg HbO) index of dorsolateral prefrontal lobe ( r =-0.23, P =0.03). The Avg HbO index differed significantly between good and poor sleep quality groups on dorsolateral prefrontal lobe( P =0.05).@*Conclusion@#This study verified that there is a positive correlation between sleep quality and cognitive ability among college students. The fNIRS technique could accurately collect blood oxygen signals from dorsolateral prefrontal lobe during cognitive tasks, which proves to be an effective tool for identifying sleep quality of college students.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 277-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922906

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a kind of disease characterized by progressive increase of pulmonary vascular resistance and occlusive vascular remodeling. Hypoxic inductive factor-2α (HIF-2α) plays an important role in the abnormal proliferation of pulmonary vascular cells and pulmonary vascular remodeling. This review focuses on the role of HIF-2α in pulmonary hypertension at the cellular and the global level, and candidates targeting HIF-2α for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, in order to better understand the pathogenesis of PH and find effective treatments.

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