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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880701

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency is highly heterogeneous and still unclear. Additional novel variants have been recently detected in the population. The molecular and cellular effects of these previously unreported variants are still poorly understood and require further characterization. To address this problem, we have evaluated the various functions and biochemical consequences of six novel missense variants that lead to mild VLCAD deficiency. Marked deficiencies in fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and other mitochondrial defects were observed in cells carrying one of these six variants (c.541C>T, c.863T>G, c.895A>G, c.1238T>C, c.1276G>A, and c.1505T>A), including reductions in mitochondrial respiratory-chain function and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, and increased levels of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Intriguingly, higher apoptosis levels were found in cells carrying the mutant VLCAD under glucose-limited stress. Moreover, the stability of the mutant homodimer was disturbed, and major conformational changes in each mutant VLCAD structure were predicted by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The data presented here may provide valuable information for improving management of diagnosis and treatment of VLCAD deficiency and for a better understanding of the general molecular bases of disease variability.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879911

ABSTRACT

The electronic stethoscope combined with artificial intelligence (AI) technology has realized the digital acquisition of heart sounds and intelligent identification of congenital heart disease, which provides objective basis for heart sound auscultation and improves the accuracy of congenital heart disease diagnosis. At the present stage, the AI based cardiac auscultation technique mainly focuses on the research of AI algorithms, and the researchers have designed and summarized a variety of effective algorithms based on the characteristics of cardiac audio data, among which the mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) is the most effective one, and widely used in the cardiac auscultation. However, the current cardiac sound analysis techniques are based on specific data sets, and have not been validated in clinic, so the performance of algorithms need to be further verified. The lack of heart sound data, especially the high-quality, standardized, publicly available heart sound database with disease labeling, further restricts the development of heart sound diagnostic analysis and its application in screening. Therefore, expert consensus is necessary in establishing an authoritative heart sound database and standardizing the heart sound auscultation screening process for congenital heart disease. This paper provides an overview of the research and application status of auscultation algorithm and hardware equipment based on AI in auscultation screening of congenital heart disease, and puts forward the problems to be solved in clinical application of AI auscultation screening technology.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Artificial Intelligence , Heart Auscultation/trends , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Humans , Mass Screening/methods
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872266

ABSTRACT

December 2019 witnessed the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan, Hubei province of China, which soon spread nationwide and across national borders to pose a menacing pandemic threat. Children are themselves highly susceptible to infectious diseases in normal times not to mention an epidemic. Coupled with the high incidence of seasonal influenza, it is imperative to strengthen epidemiological screening of children, along with effective isolation, treatment, prevention and control measures. In view of the specifics of the hospital, the authors proposed to further improve the medical emergency procedure, for strictly enforcing screening and isolation regulations, and standardizing medical procedure. They also proposed scientific layout and use of the infection wards. All these measures are designed to control the epidemic and protect the safety of children, families and medical staff.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872260

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of COVID-19 has become the topmost public health threat worldwide. The authors suggested that in addition to strengthening the organization and leadership of the abovementioned work, greater attention be paid to establishing and improving the prevention and control mechanism.Furthermore, special efforts should be given to the safety of the medical workers, by strengthening their infection monitoring and outbreak management. Medical workers in different work areas and positions should be placed under careful protection with due cleaning and disinfection measures. The protection during specimen collection, transportation and medical waste management should also be prioritized. Such special issues in the management of pediatric patients, as allocation of nurses, the screening and management of caregivers, the problem of breastfeeding, and the disinfection of children′s toys and diapers were discussed. This paper also put forward management suggestions for the outpatient department, isolation ward and other key departments, which aim to guide the prevention and control of COVID-19 nosocomial infection in the pediatric outpatient and ward.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871915

ABSTRACT

Laboratory testing plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia. However, the lack of understanding of the virus in the early stage led to great difficulties in biosafety protection for clinical laboratories. Based on the latest researches and findings about the virus, this paper provides some personal opinions on the biosafety prevention in clinical laboratorians under epidemic condition for the reference of laboratory workers.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of the combination of abidol, lopinavir/ritonavir plus recombinant interferon α-2b (rIFNα-2b) and the combination of lopinavir/ritonavir plus rIFNα-2b for patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang province.Methods:A multicenter prospective study was carried out to compare the efficacy of triple combination antiviral therapy and dual combination antiviral therapy in 15 medical institutions of Zhejiang province during January 22 to February 16, 2020. All patients were treated with rIFNα-2b (5 million U, 2 times/d) aerosol inhalation, in addition 196 patients were treated with abidol (200 mg, 3 times/d) + lopinavir/ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) (triple combination group) and 41 patients were treated with lopinavir/ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) (dual combination group). The patients who received triple combination antiviral therapy were further divided into three subgroups: <48 h, 3-5 d and >5 d according the time from the symptom onset to medication starting. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between triple combination group and dual combination group, and compared among 3 subgroups of patients receiving triple combination antiviral therapy. SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:The virus nucleic acid-negative conversion time in respiratory tract specimens was (12.2±4.7) d in the triple combination group, which was shorter than that in the dual combination group [(15.0±5.0) d] ( t=6.159, P<0.01). The length of hospital stay in the triple combination group [12.0 (9.0, 17.0) d] was also shorter than that in the dual combination group [15.0 (10.0, 18.0) d] ( H=2.073, P<0.05). Compared with the antiviral treatment which was started within after the symptom onset of in the triple combination group, the time from the symptom onset to the viral negative conversion was 13.0 (10.0, 17.0), 17.0 (13.0, 22.0) and 21.0 (18.0, 24.0) d in subgroups of 48 h, 3-5 d and >5 d, respectively ( Z=32.983, P<0.01), while the time from antiviral therapy to viral negative conversion was (11.8±3.9), (13.5±5.1) and (11.2±4.3) d, respectively( Z=6.722, P<0.05). Conclusions:The triple combination antiviral therapy of abidol, lopinavir/litonavir and rIFNα-2b shows shorter viral shedding time and shorter hospitalization time, compared with the dual combination antiviral therapy; and the earlier starting triple combination antiviral therapy will result in better antiviral efficacy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811635

ABSTRACT

Laboratory testing plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with Novel Coronavirus pneumonia. However, the lack of understanding of the virus in the early stage led to great difficulties in biosafety protection for clinical laboratories. Based on the latest researches and findings about the virus, this paper provides some personal opinions on the biosafety prevention in clinical laboratorians under epidemic condition for the reference of laboratory workers.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811548

ABSTRACT

December 2019 witnessed the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan, Hubei province of China, which has soon spread nationwide and across national borders, posting a menacing pandemic threat. Children are themselves highly susceptible infectious diseases in normal times not to mention an epidemic period. Coupled with the high incidence of seasonal influenza, it is imperative to strengthen epidemiological screening of children, along with effective isolation, treatment, prevention and control measures. In view of specifics of the hospital, the authors proposed to further improve the medical emergency procedure, strictly enforcing screening and isolation regulations, and standardizing medical procedure. They also proposed scientific layout and use of the infection wards. These measures are designed to control the epidemic and protect the safety of medical staff.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811540

ABSTRACT

The pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which began in December 2019, has become the most serious public health problem, threatening people's health and life. This threat is posing a severe challenge on the diagnosis and treatment of 2019-nCoV infection, the prevention and control of hospital cross infection of medical staff. It is suggested that in addition to strengthening the organization and leadership of the abovementioned work, establishing and improving the prevention and control mechanism deserve greater attention. Furthermore, special attention should be given to the safety of the medical staff, strengthening their infection monitoring and outbreak management. Medical staff in different work areas and positions should be placed under careful protection, cleaning and disinfection measures. The protection during specimen collection, transportation and medical waste management should also be prioritized. This paper also put forward management suggestions for the outpatient department, isolation ward and other key departments. These measures are proposed to provide a guidance for the prevention and control of 2019-nCoV nosocomial infection in the pediatric outpatient and ward.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811497

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Comparing the benefit of Abidor, lopinavir/ritonavir and recombinant interferon α-2b triple combination antiviral therapy and lopinavir/ritonavir and interferon dual combination antiviral therapy to hospitalized novel coronavirus pneumonia 2019 in Zhejiang province.@*Methods@#A multi-center prospective study was carried out to compare the effect of triple combination antiviral therapy with dual combination antiviral therapy in 15 medical institutions of Zhejiang Province. All patients were treated with recombinant interferon α-2b (5 million U, 2 times/d) aerosol inhalation. 196 patients were treated with abidol (200 mg, 3 times/d) + lopinavir / ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) as the triple combination antiviral treatment group. 41 patients were treated with lopinavir / ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) as the dual combination antiviral treatment group. The patients who received triple combination antiviral therapy were divided into three groups: within 48 hours, 3-5 days and > 5 days after the symptom onset. To explore the therapeutic effects of triple combination antiviral drugs and dual combination antiviral drugs, as well as triple combination antiviral drugs with different antiviral initiate time. SPSS17.0 software was used to analyze the data.@*Results@#The time of virus nucleic acid turning negative was (12.2 ± 4.7) days in the triple combination antiviral drug group, which was shorter than that in the dual combination antiviral drug group [(15.0 ± 5.0) days] (t = 6.159, P < 0.01 ). The length of hospital stay [12 (9, 17) d] in the triple combination antiviral drug group was also shorter than that in the dual combination antiviral drug group [15 (10, 18) d] (H = 2.073, P < 0.05). Comparing the antiviral treatment which was started within 48 hours, 3-5 days and > 5 days after the symptom onset of triple combination antiviral drug group, the time from the symptom onset to the negative of viral shedding was 13 (10,16.8), 17 (13,22) and 21 (18-24) days respectively (Z = 32.983, P < 0.01), and the time from antiviral therapy to the negative of viral shedding was (11.8±3.9) , (13.5±5.1) and (11.2±4.3) d. The differences among the three groups were statistically significant (Z=32.983 and 6.722, P<0.01 or<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The triple combination antiviral therapy of Abidor, Lopinavir/Litonavir and recombinant interferon α-2b showed shorter viral shedding time and hospitalization time compared with the dual combination antiviral therapy. The earlier the time to initiate triple antiviral treatment, the shorter the time of virus shedding.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825678

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among residents with age between 35 and 75 years old in Chongqing and provide evidence for the prevention and control of hypertension. Methods During 2016-2018, 101036 eligible subjects aged 35-75 years from 8 sites of China Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events in Chongqing were interviewed and examined. The data were analyzed by SPSS 20.0. The difference of the prevalence of hypertension of different population were compared chi-square test. Risk factors of hypertension was identified by step backward multivariate Logistic regression model. Results The crude prevalence and age standardization prevalence of hypertension was 40.80% and 33.91% respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression indicated that the risk factors of hypertension were residence, ethnicity, age, medical insurance ,drinking, present smoking , indoor passive smoking , overweight , obesity , central obesity , diabetes and dyslipidemia ,while the protective factors of hypertension of those were education level and income. Conclusion The prevalence of hypertension was high among residents with age between 35 and 75 years old in Chongqing ; Residence, ethnicity, age, medical insurance, education level, income, drinking, present smoking , indoor passive smoking , overweight , obesity , central obesity , diabetes and dyslipidemia are the related factors of hypertension.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828560

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic. All people including children are generally susceptible to COVID-19, but the condition is relatively mild for children. The diagnosis of COVID-19 is largely based on the epidemiological evidence and clinical manifestations, and confirmed by positive detection of virus nucleic acid in respiratory samples. The main symptoms of COVID-19 in children are fever and cough; the total number of white blood cell count is usually normal or decreased; the chest imaging is characterized by interstitial pneumonia, which is similar to other respiratory virus infections and infections. Early identification, early isolation, early diagnosis and early treatment are important for clinical management. The treatment of mild or moderate type of child COVID-19 is mainly symptomatic. For severe and critical ill cases, the oxygen therapy, antiviral drugs, antibacterial drugs, glucocorticoids, mechanical ventilation or even extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be adopted, and the treatment plan should be adjusted timely through multi-disciplinary cooperation.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Child , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Therapeutics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828557

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a grade B infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). In pace with the spreading of the disease, biosafety risk of the biological specimen preservation in biobanks has been significantly increased and biosafety protection during biological specimen preservation become increasingly important. According to the related national rules and the corresponding guidelines of Chinese Medical Association, this paper introduced the etiology about SARS-CoV-2, epidemiology about COVID-19, and the biosafety protection principles of individuals and biological specimen storage places in the process of personal protection, protection of collection, transport, handling, preservation, detection, post-detection disposal and emergencies of biological specimen. Emphasized to carry out a strict biosafety-risk assessment on biological specimen basing on virus load information, infectivity, and sample type (possible contact transmission, aerosol transmission, and fecal oral transmission).


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Containment of Biohazards , Reference Standards , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Assessment , Specimen Handling , Reference Standards
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819044

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect at present. In recent years, the application of 3D printing in the diagnosis and treatment of CHD has been widely recognized, which presents CHD lesions in 3D solid model and provides a better understanding of the anatomy of CHD. In the future, 3D printing technology would improve the surgical proficiency, shorten the operation time, reduce the occurrence of perioperative complications, and create more personalized cardiovascular implants, therefore promote the precision of diagnosis and treatment for congenital heart disease. This article reviews the application of 3D printing technology in preoperative planning, intraoperative navigation and personalized implants of CHD, in surgical training and medical education, as well as in promoting doctor-patient communication and better understanding their condition for patients.


Subject(s)
Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Models, Anatomic , Preoperative Care , Printing, Three-Dimensional
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of screening for hereditary tyrosinemia (HT) in newborns and its clinical features and genotype.@*METHODS@#The HT screening was conducted among 2 188 784 newborns from November 2013 to November 2018. The tyrosine (TYR)/ succinylacetone (SA) levels were detected by tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS). The clinical characteristics, genetic results and following up data of identified patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The normal ranges (0.5%-95.5%) of TYR and SA were 34.5-280.0 μmol/L and 0.16-2.58 μmol/L, respectively. Three HT cases were confirmed with a detection rate of 1∶729 595. There was 1 case of tyrosinemia type Ⅰ (HTⅠ) (homozygous variations of c.455G>A in gene), 1 case of tyrosinemia type Ⅱ(HTⅡ) (heterozygous variations of c.890G>T and c.408+1G>A in gene), and 1 case of tyrosinemia type Ⅲ (HT Ⅲ) (homozygous variations of c.257T>C in gene). The variations of c.890G>T, c.4081G>A of and c.257T>C of were novel. The positive predictive value of the screening was 3.4%. Case 1 (HTⅠ) with TYR and SA values of 666.9 μmol/L and 3.87 μmol/L respectively, presented cholestasis, mild elevated of liver enzyme and lactic acid, who were although fed with TYR and phenylalanine free milk, but died at 2 months of age. Case 2 (HTⅡ) with higher TYR (625.6 μmol/L) and normal SA at screening, received medical milk treatment; during the 7 months of follow-up the baby showed normal score of Bayley assessment and normal TYR without eye and skin symptoms. Case 3 (HT Ⅲ) with TYR of 1035.3 μmol/L and normal SA at screening; during the 29 months of follow-up the value of TYR fluctuated from 532.1 μmol/L to 1060.3 μmol/L due to irregular medical milk treatment, while the score of Bayley assessment was normal.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HT is rare in the southern Chinese population, and the gene spectrum is scattered. Early treatment with nitisinone is recommended in children with HTⅠ, otherwise the prognosis is poor; the prognosis of children with HTⅡ is good when early treated with special diet; the prognosis of children with HTⅢ needs to be determined with more data.


Subject(s)
Child , Cyclohexanones , Therapeutic Uses , Genotype , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Screening , Nitrobenzoates , Therapeutic Uses , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tyrosinemias , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the epidemiological characteristics, phenotype, genotype, and prognosis of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the neonates who underwent screening with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry from January 2009 to June 2018 and were diagnosed with MCADD by gene detection.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 674 835 neonates underwent neonatal screening, among whom 12 were diagnosed with MCADD. Gene detection was performed for 10 neonates with MCADD and found 13 mutation types at 16 mutation sites of the ACADM gene, among which there were 7 reported mutations (p.T150Rfs*4, p.M1V, p.R206C, p.R294T, p.G310R, p.M328V, and p.G362E), 5 novel mutations (p.N194D, p.A324P, p.N366S, c.118+3A>G, and c.387+1del G), and 1 exon 11 deletion; p.T150Rfs*4 was the most common mutation (4/16). The detection rate of mutation sites in the ACADM gene was 80%. No phenotype-genotype correlation was observed. Dietary guidance and symptomatic treatment were given after confirmed diagnosis. No acute metabolic imbalance was observed within 4-82 months of follow-up. All neonates had good prognosis except one who had brain dysplasia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MCADD is relatively rare in southern China, and p.T150Rfs*4 is a common mutation in the Chinese population. Cases with positive screening results should be evaluated by octanoylcarnitine C8 value and gene detection.


Subject(s)
Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase , Carnitine , China , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Mutation , Neonatal Screening , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772943

ABSTRACT

N-methyladenosine (mA), catalyzed by the methyltransferase complex consisting of Mettl3 and Mettl14, is the most abundant RNA modification in mRNAs and participates in diverse biological processes. However, the roles and precise mechanisms of mA modification in regulating neuronal development and adult neurogenesis remain unclear. Here, we examined the function of Mettl3, the key component of the complex, in neuronal development and adult neurogenesis of mice. We found that the depletion of Mettl3 significantly reduced mA levels in adult neural stem cells (aNSCs) and inhibited the proliferation of aNSCs. Mettl3 depletion not only inhibited neuronal development and skewed the differentiation of aNSCs more toward glial lineage, but also affected the morphological maturation of newborn neurons in the adult brain. mA immunoprecipitation combined with deep sequencing (MeRIP-seq) revealed that mA was predominantly enriched in transcripts related to neurogenesis and neuronal development. Mechanistically, mA was present on the transcripts of histone methyltransferase Ezh2, and its reduction upon Mettl3 knockdown decreased both Ezh2 protein expression and consequent H3K27me3 levels. The defects of neurogenesis and neuronal development induced by Mettl3 depletion could be rescued by Ezh2 overexpression. Collectively, our results uncover a crosstalk between RNA and histone modifications and indicate that Mettl3-mediated mA modification plays an important role in regulating neurogenesis and neuronal development through modulating Ezh2.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Metabolism , Adult Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Cell Proliferation , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Methyltransferases , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Neurogenesis , Genetics , Neurons , Cell Biology , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and variations of ACADVL gene in 9 neonates with very long chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD).@*METHODS@#VLCADD was suspected based on the results of neonatal screening by tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS), with tetradecenoylcarnitine ± tetradecenoylcarnitine/octanoylcarnitine (C14: 1 ± C14: 1/C8) as the mark indexes. Infants with positive outcome were confirmed by sequencing of the ACADVL gene.@*RESULTS@#Among 9 VLCADD cases, one case lost during follow-up, the observed phenotypes comprised 2 with severe early-onset form, 1 with hepatic form and 5 with late-onset form. Optimal outcome was acquired for all patients except the 2 early-onset cases. In total 16 ACADVL variations were detected among the 9 infants, which included 8 novel variations (c.96-105del GCCCGGCCCT, c.541C>T, c.863T>G, c.878+1G>C, c.895A>G, c.1238T>C, c.1276G>A, and c.1505T>A) and 11 missense variations. There were 9 genotypic combinations, including 1 homozygote and 8 compound heterozygotes. Except for two patients carrying null variations, all had a good outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#VLCADD is relatively rare in southern China, for which late-onset form is common. Carriers of null variations of the ACADVL gene may have relatively poorer clinical outcome. Above results will provide valuable information for the diagnosis and management of VLCADD.


Subject(s)
Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase, Long-Chain , Genetics , Carnitine , China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics , Mitochondrial Diseases , Genetics , Muscular Diseases , Genetics , Neonatal Screening
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745156

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a pediatric echocardiographic normal reference system based on clinical BigData and overcome limitations such as insufficient sample size and diverse in methods of normalization . Methods Measurements were extracted from total 71 831 pediatric echocardiography reports in the past 5 years by using the Natural Language Processing ( NLP) technology . Among them ,a total of 12 732 reports were labeled as normal and were used to establish the normal reference system . A local regression ( LOESS ) approach was used to optimize both the reference value and variance across 5 grow th variables ( aortic diameter ,left atrium diameter ,left ventricle end‐diastolic endocardial diameter ,left main coronary artery diameter ,and right main coronary artery diameter) . T wo Z scores adjusted for age/sex and body surface area ( BSA ) were established respectively . In addition , 4 459 echocardiography reports with BSA information were used to evaluate these two Z scores . Results T wo Z scores generated from 4 459 reports showed pretty good normal distribution . T here were close strong correlations among two Z scores with Z scores generated based on the Pediatric Heart Network ( PHN ) . T he average correlation coefficient between BSA‐adjust Z scores and PHN Z scores was 0 .954 . T he average correlation coefficient between age/sex‐adjust Z scores and PHN Z scores was 0 .895 . T he results of this project were available as Z score calculator using the following link :http ://hdb .nbscn .org/zscore . Conclusions BigData provides a more efficient and better approach to establish normal reference systems in pediatric echocardiography .

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 912-920, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775500

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are closely associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, their precise roles in AD pathogenesis remain controversial. One of the reasons behind the different results reported by different groups might be that astrocytes were targeted at different stages of disease progression. In this study, by crossing hAPP (human amyloid precursor protein)-J20 mice with a line of GFAP-TK mice, we found that astrocytes were activated specifically at an early stage of AD before the occurrence of amyloid plaques, while microglia were not affected by this crossing. Activation of astrocytes at the age of 3-5 months did not affect the proteolytic processing of hAPP and amyloid plaque loads in the brains of hAPP-J20 mice. Our data suggest that early activation of astrocytes does not affect the deposition of amyloid β in an animal model of AD.


Subject(s)
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Alzheimer Disease , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Astrocytes , Metabolism , Brain , Pathology , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Glutamine , Metabolism , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Microfilament Proteins , Metabolism , Mutation , Genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism
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