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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 795-799, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the allocation of antipsycho tics in regions with different economic levels in Shandong province,and to provide reference for strengthening the management of antipsychotics allocation and promoting the balance of regional allocation. METHODS The procurement information of the secondary and tertiary public medical institutions in Shandong province from 2016 to 2019 was collected from the Drug Centralized Bidding and Procurement Information Platform of Shandong Provincial Medical Institutions. The procurement varieties of antipsychotics ,allocation proportion and procurement cost per 10 000 people were analyzed in area with different economic levels in Shandong province. RESULTS From 2016 to 2019,there were 18 kinds of antipsychotics purchased by secondary and tertiary public medical institutions in Shandong province (9 kinds of first- and second-generation antipsychotics respectively ),and the average number of purchased varieties were 3.50-4.42. The average number of purchased varieties in undeveloped areas (3.59-4.48 kinds)were slightly higher than that in developed areas (3.41-4.36 kinds). In these four years ,average allocation proportion of antipsychotics was 17.19%,and most of them showed a fluctuating increase (the average annual increase ranged 4.64%-38.34%). The allocation proportion of second-generation antipsychotics was higher in developed areas than that in undeveloped areas. The purchasing cost per 10 000 people showed an upward trend of fluctuation , ranging from 2.45 to 7 440.20 yuan. Among the 18 antipsychotics procured from 2016 to 2019,61.11%,61.11%,83.33% and 72.22% of them were procured by developed areas with higher procurement costs per 10 000 people than by undeveloped areas. The total procurement cost of essential medicine per 10,000 people in developed areas (11 382.99-39 650.90 yuan)was also higher than that in undeveloped areas (8 353.15-30 561.77 yuan). CONCLUSIONS The allocation proportion of antipsychotics is low in Shandong province ,and the allocation proportion of second-generation antipsychotics in developed areas are higher than that in undeveloped areas.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 343-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922910

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy burdening people globally, with increasing morbidity and mortality nowadays, due to the alternation in the diet type and lifestyle in modern society. Berberine, a type of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, is widely present in numerous medicinal plants, particularly including Coptidis Rhizoma. Mounting evidence reveals that berberine possesses an array of pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammation, anti-bacterium, anti-cancer, anti-diabetes mellitus and so on. In particular, berberine exhibits substantial inhibition on various types of cancers including CRC. Hereby, we sought to systematically review the suppressive effect of berberine on CRC through the diminishment of the proliferation and metastasis, induction of apoptosis, arrest of cell cycle, regulation of inflammatory reaction, the reverse of chemotherapeutic resistance and restoration of gut microbiota in CRC, so as to shed light on the in-depth mechanisms underlying the treatment of CRC with berberine in the clinical setting.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the pharmacological effect of ursolic acid (UA) on colitis-associated colorec?tal cancer (CAC) and its underlying mechanism based on the Wnt signaling pathway. METHODS The CAC model in mice was established by azoxymethane (AOM) combined and dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS), accompanied by treat?ment with various dosages of UA and concomitant appraisal of body weight, stool and physical state of the mice. After the sacrifice of the mice, the tumor and length of the colorectum were measured, followed by retrieval of the liver, spleen, thymus and tumor tissue for downstream assays. The levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1βand C-reactive protein (CRP) in the tumor and serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes of colorectal tissues were observed by HE staining. The levels in tumors of Wnt/β-catenin sig?naling pathway-related proteins Wnt4, GSK-3β, β-catenin, TCF4, LEF1, c-Myc, cyclin D1 and apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 were assayed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The mRNA expressions of Wnt4, GSK-3β,β-catenin, TCF4, LEF1, c-Myc, cyclin D1, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-9 and caspase-3 in tumors were detected by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR). The protein levels of Wnt4, GSK-3β, β-catenin, TCF4, LEF1, c-Myc, cyclin D1, phospho-β-catenin, phospho-GSK-3β, Bcl-2 and Bax in tumors were probed by analyzed by Western blotting (WB). Also, RNA-seq was employed to assess the gut microbiota in the mice. RESULTS UA significantly ameliorated the symptoms of AOM/DSS-induced mouse CAC, evidenced by improved physical state, body weight, survival rate, colorectal length, the mass of liver, thy?mus, spleen, and decreased CAC load and colorectal mass. UA attenuated the levels of IL-6, IL-1β and CRP in the mouse serum and colorectal tumor in a dose-dependent manner. HE staining showed that UA lessened carcinogenesis in the colorectum, with lower infiltration of lymphocytes, versus the control. IHC indicated that UA mitigated the expres?sion of Wnt4,β-catenin, TCF4, LEF1, c-Myc, cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and promoted the GSK-3βexpression, compared with the control. Furthermore, UA diminished the mRNA expressions of Wnt4, β-catenin, TCF4, LEF1, c-Myc, cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and heightened the mRNA levels of GSK-3β, caspase-3, capase-9 and Bax in CAC. The results of mRNA expressions were verified by WB analysis, which revealed that UA impeded the protein expression of Wnt4,β-catenin, c-Myc, cyclin D1, Bcl-2, TCF4, LEF1, and elevated the protein levels of GSK-3βand Bax, phospho-β-catenin in mouse CAC. In addi?tion, UA substantially ameliorated the gut microbiota to store the metabolic function in the mice with CAC. CONCLU?SION Ursolic acid may protect against CAC, potentially by downregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activity and restoration of gut microbiota.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of scutellarin on the apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells via the Hippo signaling pathway in vitro. METHODS MTT colorimetric method was used to detect the influence of scutellar?in on the survival rate of HCT116 cells. And the effect of scutellarin at various concentrations on cell morphology was observed by microscopy. Cell scratch experiment was used to detect the influence of scutellarin on the migration of HCT116 cells. Hoechst33342/PI double staining method was used to detect the effect of scutellarin on the apoptosis of HCT116 cells. Western blotting method was used to assess the action of scutellarin on the expressions of Hippo signal?ing pathway-related proteins Mst1, Lats1, YAP1, p-YAP(Ser127), TAZ, and its downstream effector proteins c-Myc and cyclin D1, as well as apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and Bax in HCT116 cells. RESULTS Scutellarin significantly affected the morphology of HCT116 cells and reduced the survival rate of HCT116 cells. Hoechst33342/PI double stain?ing showed that scutellarin effectively induced the apoptosis of HCT116 cells. Western blotting analysis showed that the expression levels of Hippo signaling pathway-related proteins Mst1, Lats1, YAP1, TAZ and its downstream effector pro?teins c-Myc, cyclin D1 were down-regulated in a concentration-dependent manner by scutellarin, and the expression of p-YAP (ser127) was up-regulated. Moreover, scutellarin substantially lessened the expression level of apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2, and promoted the protein level of Bax. CONCLUSION Scutellarin may inhibit the proliferation and migra?tion of HCT116 cells, while induce its apoptosis, potentially by activation of Hippo signaling pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the inhibition and mechanism of berberine on human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells through canonical Hedgehog signaling pathway. METHODS The effect of berberine on cell morphology was observed by microscopy. MTT colorimetric assay, cell scratch experiment, colony formation assay and Hoechest/PI staining were utilized to detect the activities of berberine on cell viability, cell migration and cell apoptosis. Flow cytome?try was applied to examine the cell apoptosis. The effects of berberine on caspase-3 and caspase-9 were detected by caspase activity detection kit. The expressions of Hedgehog signaling pathway-related proteins SHH, GLI1, PTCH1, SMO, SUFU, apoptosis-related proteins Bax and Bcl-2 as well as cell cycle-related proteins cyclin D1 were detected by Western blotting. Additionally, quantitative real time RT-PCR was employed to assess the mRNA expression levels of Hedgehog signaling pathway-related genes SHH, GLI1, PTCH1, SMO, SUFU, apoptosis-related genes Bax and Bcl-2 as well as cell cycle-related genes cyclin D1. RESULTS Berberine sharply altered the morphology of human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, demonstrated by that migration ability of HCT116 cells was reduced significantly and the nuclei were densely stained. Berberine could induce apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The activities of caspase-3 and caspase-9 were increased prominently. The expression levels of Hedgehog signaling pathway-related protein SUFU and apoptosis-related protein Bax were augmented substantially. The expression levels of Hedgehog signaling pathway-related proteins SHH, GLI1, PTCH1, SMO, apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 as well as cell cycle-related genes cyclin D1 were markedly lessened. Besides, the mRNA expression levels of Hedgehog signaling pathway-related gene SUFU and apoptosis-related gene Bax were augmented substantially. The mRNA expression levels of Hedgehog signaling path?way-related genes SHH, GLI1, PTCH1, SMO, apoptosis-related gene Bcl-2 as well as cell cycle-related gene cyclin D1 were markedly lessened. CONCLUSION Berberine, which is the main component of coptidis rhizoma, can remarkably restrain the growth and proliferation, promote apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells HCT116, and the underlying mechanism may be involved in suppressing the activity of the Hedgehog signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909606

ABSTRACT

Oleanolic acid (OA) is a pentacyclic triterpenoid chemical component that exists in natural plants with a molecular formula of C30H48O3 and a molecular weight at 456.71 g·mol-1. OA is widespread in traditional Chinese herbal medicine (Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, Achyranthis Bidentate Radix, Red Sage) and berries (blueberries, grapes). In recent years, because of the extensive pharmacological effects of OA, its advantages in disease treatment have become increasingly prominent and gradually attracted the attention of pharmaceutical researchers. OA has effective therapeutic effects on a series of chronic diseases such as inflammation, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases through mul?tiple signaling pathways and various targets. Especially in cancers, such as colorectal cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer and other malignancies, OA presents substantial efficacy. However, its poor aqueous solubility, needy bioavailability, and unsatisfactory pharmacological activity excessively restrict its clinical application. More impor?tantly, the improper utilization of OA can cause adverse reactions, toxic effects and even damage to organs in some spe?cific situations. With the discovery of various pharmacological effects, the complex action mechanisms of OA, the contin?uous progress in structural modification of OA, as well as the synthesis of OA derivatives, its application is expand?ing gradually. Among numerous studies, there is a clear indication that OA and its derivatives, if fully developed, may provide an alternative and cheaper treatment for a variety of chronic diseases. However, the specific molecular mecha?nisms of OA and its derivatives as an alternative therapy and supplementary therapy for cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases remain to be clarified. Therefore, it is necessary to further study the pharmacokinet?ics, pharmacological activity, specific targets and related mechanisms of OA to lay a solid foundation for drug devel?opment and the application of OA in clinical settings.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909601

ABSTRACT

Pulsatilla chinensis is a widely used traditional Chinese herb, which contains 56 types of chemical constit?uents, mainly including triterpenoid saponins, organic acids, coumarins and lignans. The largest portion of the ingredi?ents in Pulsatilla chinensis is the family of triterpenoid saponins, in which anemoside B4 is the major effective compound and indexing component. The main components of Pulsatilla chinensis can metabolize into a vast array of active prod?ucts in vivo, which play vital roles in its biological activity. Mounting evidence reveals that Pulsatilla chinensis exerts a wide range of therapeutic activities, such as anti-cancer, immunoregulation, anti-inflammation and anti-schistosome, with fewer adverse reactions, via various signaling pathways and multiple targets. It was documented that the active ingre?dient of Pulsatilla chinensis can lessen the drug resistance and synergize the effects of other natural products includ?ing paclitaxel, as well as ameliorate the clinical efficacy of chemical drugs, such as adriamycin. However, Pulsatilla chi?nensis was also reported to be possibly the main cause of hemolysis and chronic liver injury. The efforts should be made to deeply investigate the pharmacological actions and underlying mechanisms of Pulsatilla chinensis, with a focus on the anti-cancer efficacy, and develop new drugs based on the components of Pulsatilla chinensis for future utilization in the clinical setting.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909590

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To identify the inhibitory effect of ursolic acid on the colorectal cancer HCT116 cells in vitro and in vivo, and to explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS The smoothened (SMO) gene-silenced human colorectal cancer HCT116hSMO- cell line was established by transfection with the lentivirus carrying SMO shRNA. The cytotoxic effect of ursolic acid on HCT116hSMO-cells was determined by MTT assay. The effect of ursolic acid on the migration of HCT116hSMO- cells was studied by wound healing assay. The effect of ursolic acid on apoptosis of HCT116hSMO-cells was explored by Hoechst33342/PI double staining and flow cytometry. The effects of ursolic acid on the expressions of apoptotic marker gene Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting (WB) analysis. RT-qPCR and WB were used to examine the relationship between GLI1, c-Myc expression and PI3K/Akt pathway to further investigate the mechanism of GLI1 activation in HCT116hSMO- cells. The effects of ursolic acid on the expressions of GLI1, p-Akt, Akt, c-Myc, SHH and SUFU of nonca?nonical Hedgehog pathway were evaluated by RT-qPCR and WB assays. Xenograft nude mouse model bearing HCT116hSMO- cells was established and intraperitoneally treated with ursolic acid to investigate the effect on tumor growth in vivo. The body weight and tumor size of mice were assessed regularly every 2 d. The effect of ursolic acid on the apoptosis of tumor tissue was determined by TUNEL assay. The expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, GLI1, p-Akt, Akt, c-Myc, SHH, SUFU mRNA and proteins were measured by RT-qPCR and WB. The levels of Bcl-2, Bax, GLI1, p-Akt, c-Myc and SHH proteins in tumor tissues were also evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS Ursolic acid significantly inhibited the growth and migration of HCT116hSMO-cells in vitro, compared with the control (P<0.05). Meanwhile, ursolic acid also induced apoptosis of HCT116hSMO- cells in vitro (P<0.05). Furthermore, SC79 (Akt activator) enhanced the expressions of p-Akt, GLI1 and c-Myc, which could be abolished by ursolic acid, and the effect was equal to Akt inhibitor LY294002. The expressions of Bcl-2, GLI1, p-Akt, c-Myc, SHH mRNA and proteins were reduced by ursolic acid, while the levels of Bax and SUFU were increased. Ursolic acid could inhibit the growth and induce the apoptosis of colorectal cancer xeno?graft in vivo. Similarly, lower levels of Bcl-2, GLI1, p-Akt, c-Myc and SHH, and higher expression of Bax and SUFU were noted in ursolic acid-treated mice. CONCLUSION Ursolic acid can inhibit the growth and induce apoptosis of HCT116hSMO- cells both in vitro and in vivo. And the mechanism is related to the suppression of PI3K/Akt-mediated noncanonical Hedgehog signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the therapeutic effect of scutellarin on colitis-associated cancer (CAC) and its underlying mechanism based on Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS The mouse model of CAC was estab?lished by azomethane oxide (AOM) and sodium dextran sulfate (DSS), followed by scutellarin treatment, with recording the body weight, diarrhea and hematochezia. After sacrificing the mice, the colorectal length and colorectal tumor were assessed. The levels of pro-inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-6 in mice's sera were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The colorectal lesions were appraised by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Theβ-catenin level in CAC tissues was probed by immunofluorescent analysis. The apoptosis-related genes Bax and Bcl-2, and Wnt signaling pathway-related genes β-catenin, GSK-3β, TCF4, c-Myc and cyclin D1 were detected by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR). Finally, Western blotting analysis (WB) was employed to examine the expressions of the apoptosis and Wnt signaling pathway-related proteins. RESULTS Scutellarin significantly improved AOM/DSS-caused weight loss, colorectal length shortening, and tumor growth in mice (P<0.01). Meanwhile, colorectal lesions could be substantially alleviated by scutellarin. ELISA results showed that the levels of pro-inflammatory factors TNF-αand IL-6 were drastically lessened (P<0.01). Scutellarin also sharply inhibited the nuclear translocation of β-catenin, as evidenced by the reduction in the nuclear level ofβ-catenin protein. In addition, scutellarin attenuated the mRNA expres?sion of Wnt signaling pathway-relatedβ-catenin, TCF4, c-Myc and cyclin D1, whereas it heightened GSK-3βmRNA level. These results were consolidated by WB analysis, which indicated that scutellarin could mitigate the protein levels of phospho-GSK-3β,β-catenin, TCF4, c-Myc and cyclin D1, with the increase in GSK-3β protein in CAC tissue. Moreover, scutellarin could induce the apoptosis of CAC, demonstrated by enhanced expression of Bax and diminished expression of Bcl-2 in both mRNA and protein levels. CONCLUSION Scutellarin may ameliorate colitis-associated colorectal cancer by weakening Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between enlarged perivascular spaces and other imaging markers of cerebrovascular disease in patients with ischemic stroke.Methods:Totally 287 patients with ischemic stroke hospitalized in neurology department from January 2018 to January 2019 were selected. According to the severity of EPVS in different parts of the brain, the correlations between the severity of EPVS in different parts of the brain and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), white matter hyperintensity (WMH), lacunar infarcts (LIs) were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 software was used for analysis. Chi-square test, independent sample t-test, rank-sum test and non parametric Mann-Whitney U test were used for group comparison, and Logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. Results:EPVS was common and severe in patients with ischemic stroke. Periventricular white matter hyperintensity(PWMH)( β=1.604, P<0.001, OR=4.971, 95% CI=2.015-12.263), CMBs ( β=1.224, P=0.018, OR=3.339, 95% CI=1.232-9.383) and LIs ( β=0.626, P=0.047, OR=1.871, 95% CI=1.009-3.470) were independent risk factors for BG-EPVS. PWMH ( r=0.614), DWMH ( r=0.622), LIs ( r=0.532) were positively correlated with the severity of BG-EPVS (all P<0.01). Conclusion:The imaging makers of CSVD are related to BG-EPVS, which can affect the severity of brain BG-EPVS in patients with ischemic stroke.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908273

ABSTRACT

With the change of medical model, the impact of common psychological disorders on the occurrence, development and treatment has been paid more attention to. If the diagnosis is not timely, it can result in serious long-term effects on the wellbeing of women, their partners and infants. We reviewed the recent foreign studies on the common psychological problems of perinatal women and summarize the epidemiology, identification and interventions, so as to understand the impact on the offspring. It is of great significance to strengthen the training for health professionals in wider psychosocial assessment and to adopt effective intervention methods to alleviate the adverse psychological state of perinatal women.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of microRNA-106a(miR-106a) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#Serum samples of 64 patients with newly diagnosed RCC were collected as the study group, and serum samples of 40 healthy individuals were used as the control group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to determine the expression level of miR-106a in each group. The correlation between miR-106a expression and clinicopathological characteristics of the patients was studied with single factor analysis and multiple Logistic regression model. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze its correlation with the prognosis of patients.@*RESULTS@#Before surgery, compared with the control group (1.17± 0.58), RCC patients with high- (9.15± 0.96) and low-expression(3.45± 0.37) had increased expression of miR-106a. Postoperatively, the expression level of miR-106a in both groups of patients decreased to 1.53± 0.18 and 1.75± 0.21, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) of the diagnostic value of serum miR-106a for RCC was 0.782 (95% CI: 0.661-0.902). With an optimal cutoff value of 0.531, the sensitivity was 78.10% and the specificity was 75.00%. Serum miR-106a level of RCC patients with TNM stage T3 or T4, clinical stage II or III, lymph node metastasis, and recurrence were significantly increased. The high expression of serum miR-106a in RCC patients has an independent relationship with the tumor TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Of the 64 follow-up patients, 4 were lost and 30 had died. Among them, the median survival time of patients in the miR-106a high expression group was 30 months, which was significantly shorter than that of the low expression group (52 months).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum level of miR-106a is elevated in RCC patients, and may be used as a molecular marker for the diagnosis of RCC. High serum expression of miR-106a is an independent predictor for tumor TNM stage and lymph node metastasis, as well as an independent predictor for poor prognosis of RCC patients.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888153

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the active components and molecular mechanism of Shenmai Injection in the treatment of atrial fibrillation(AF) based on the application of network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The chemical components of single herbs of Shenmai Injection were collected from TCMSP and TCMID, with the standard chemical name and PubChem CID(referred to as CID) obtained from PubChem database. The active components were screened using SwissADME, and their targets were predicted using SwissTargetPrediction. Targets related to AF treatment were identified using GeneCards, OMIM, and other databases. Venn diagram was constructed using Venny 2.1 to obtain the intersection targets. The single herb-active component-potential target network was constructed using Cytoscape, and the clusterProfiler R function package was used to perform the gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of intersection targets was generated based on the STRING database. The hub target protein was identified by visualization using Cytoscape, and then docked to its reverse-selected active components. The analysis showed that there were 65 active components with 681 corresponding targets in Shenmai Injection, 2 798 targets related to AF treatment, and 235 intersection targets involving 2 549 GO functions and 153 KEGG pathways. Finally, hub target proteins, including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha(PIK3 CA), and estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), were screened out by PPI network visualization. The molecular docking was performed for 39 active components screened out in reverse, among which 30 active components de-monstrated high affinity. Among them, homoisoflavanoids CID 10871974, CID 5319742, and CID 10361149 had stronger affinity docking with AKT1. This study preliminarily indicates that Shenmai Injection treats AF through multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. Homoisoflavonoids of Ophiopogon japonicus are its important active components, which target AKT1 to regulate metabolism, inflammation, and apoptosis in AF treatment.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887882

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer has become the most common cancer for women in China.Lack of effective therapeutic targets,triple negative breast cancer(TNBC)has poorer prognosis compared with other subtypes of breast cancer.Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes(TILs)are a group of heterogeneous lymphocytes around the tumor,which are believed as immunoreactive products of host immune response to tumor antigens.At present,there have been reports on the predictive effect of TILs on the prognosis of breast cancer,and the available studies focus mainly on TNBC.This article briefly reviews the recent progress of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in immunotherapy of TNBC.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , China , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Prognosis , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/therapy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887871

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of abbreviated comprehensive geriatric assessment(aCGA)in elderly female breast cancer patients. Methods Eight aspects of the traditional CGA were simplified to form the aCGA assessment table,based on which the patients were classified into three grades of A,B and C according to the total scores.This study enrolled the elderly female patients with breast cancer aged 70 years and above who were treated in PUMC Hospital from June 2018 to January 2020.Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)scoring and aCGA grading were performed respectively,and the results of the two methods were compared. Results Of the 162 patients,111(68.5%)were classified by the aGGA method as grade A,43(26.5%)as grade B,and 8(5.0%)as grade C;131(80.9%)cases have concurrent diseases,and the most common complications were hypertension(


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare and analyze the consistency and difference between metageno-mic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and conventional bacterial culture in the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in maxillofacial space infection, as well as to provide a new detection method for the early clinical identification of pathogenic bacteria in maxillofacial space infection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with oral and maxillofacial space infections in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2020 to June 2020 were collected. mNGS and conventional bacterial culture methods were used to detect pus. We then analyzed and compared the test results of the two methods, including the test cycle, positive detection rate, anaerobic bacteria, facultative anaerobes and aerobic bacteria detection rates, distribution of pathogenic bacteria, relative species abundance, and resistance genes.@*RESULTS@#The average inspection period of mNGS was (18.81±3.73) h, and the average inspection period of bacterial culture was (83.25±11.64) h, the former was shorter than the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with conventional bacterial culture, mNGS has the characteristics of short test time, high sensitivity, and high accuracy. Thus, it is a new detection method for the early identification of pathogenic bacteria in maxillofacial space infection and is beneficial to the early clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Metagenomics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Technology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879025

ABSTRACT

To prove that ursolic acid(UA)could activate the autophagy of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells by inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway. The effect of UA on the viability of HCT116 cells was determined by MTT assay. The effect of UA on the proliferation and migration of HCT116 cells was detected by crystal violet staining and scratch test. In the study on autophagy, the time points were screened out first: the autophagy fluorescence intensity of UA acting on HCT116 at different time points were detected by Cell Meter~(TM) Autophagy Assay Kit; Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy protein P62 at different time points. Then, Cell Meter~(TM) Autophagy Assay Kit was used to detect the effect of UA on autophagy fluorescence intensity of HCT116 cells. The effect of different doses of UA on the expressions of LC3Ⅱ and P62 proteins in HCT116 cells were detected by Western blot. Further, AdPlus-mCherry-GFP-LC3 B adenovirus transfection was used to detect the effects of UA on autophagy flux of HCT116 cells; UA combined with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine(CQ) was used to detect the expression of LC3Ⅱ by Western blot. In terms of mechanism, the effect of UA on hedgehog signaling pathway-related proteins in HCT116 cells was detected by Western blot. The results showed that UA inhibited the activity, proliferation and migration of HCT116 cells. UA enhanced the fluorescence intensity of autophagy in HCT116 cells, while promoting the expression of LC3Ⅱ and inhibiting the expression of P62, in a time and dose dependent manner. UA activated the autophagy in HCT116 cells, which manifested that UA resulted in the accumulation of fluorescence spots and strengthened the fluorescence intensity of autophagosomes; compared with UA alone, UA combined with autophagy inhibitor CQ promoted the expression of LC3Ⅱ. UA reduced the expressions of PTCH1, GLI1, SMO, SHH and c-Myc in hedgehog signaling pathway, while increased the expression of Sufu. In conclusion, our study showed that UA activated autophagy in colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, which was related to the mechanism in inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway activity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms , Hedgehog Proteins/genetics , Humans , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand clinical characteristics, treatment effects and prognosis of children with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) presented with hemolytic uremic syndrome(HUS).Methods:The medical records of children with MMA were collected in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2012 to January 2019, the clinical manifestations, laboratory, imaging material, inspection results, renal pathological, gene analysis, treatment effect, and prognosis of MMA children with renal damage were analyzed, and were followed-up for 1-7 years.Results:Thirty cases were diagnosed as MMA with secondary renal damage.Eight cases(26.67%) showed as MMA-HUS.Age was from 1 month and 14 days to 12 years and 10 months old.There were 4 males and 4 females.The concentration of urine methylmalonic acid increased by 10-62 times.All were combined with hyperhomocysteine(HCY). The level of serum methylmalonic acid(1.5-11.8 mg/L), propylene carnitine(6.33-9.77 μmol/L)and the ratio of propylene /ethylene carnitine (0.24-0.29)were increased.Manifested as the mental and physical development retardation, anemia, jaundice, renal dysfunction, platelet reduction, hematuria, proteinuria in 8 cases, hypertension in 6 cases, frequent vomiting and convulsions in 2 cases.Two cases had a positive family history.Renal pathology showed that mesangial cells and mesangial matrix proliferation broadening, electron dense deposits no mesangial area, renal tubular epithelial cell swelling degeneration, immunofluorescence was negative.Two cases were genetically analyzed. One case was a CblC type MMACHC compound heterozygous mutation[c.80A>G(p.Q27R); c.217C>T(p.R73X)] and CblX type HCFC1 heterozygous mutation [c.3757G>A(p.R1253C)] double mutation; 1 case was a CblC type MMACHC compound heterozygous mutation[c.365A>T(p.H122L); c.609 G>A(p.W203X)]. Children diagnosed were treated with vitamin B 12, etc.Four cases of children gave up.The others, after treatment, were improved. Conclusions:MMA-HUS might be associated with multiple organ failure.Early diagnosis was the key, timely treatment could effectively control the disease, improve the prognosis.It should be followed up for ever.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the inter-observer consistency of Smart 3D super microvascular imaging (Smart-3D SMI) in evaluating the blood flow of breast lesions.Methods:Prospective study on Smart-3D SMI images of 225 cases of continuous breast lesions in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to December 2018. Two sonographers conducted qualitative evaluation of vascular architecture(VA) under Smart-3D SMI, and took the mean value of three measurements evaluations of vascular index(VI). Weighted Kappa was used to test the consistency of the vascular architecture, and Bland-Altman scatter plot was used to calculate the 95% consistency limit of the measured data for the VI value. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze whether the absolute difference of VI between observers was correlated with the mean value of VI.Results:The Weighted Kappa coefficient of Smart-3D SMI for the evaluation of VA by two sonographers was 0.839 (95% CI was 0.795-0.881, P<0.001), showing strong inter-observer consistency. Bland-Altman plot analysis of VI value showed that the value of 95.11% was within the clinically acceptable range and had good consistency, and there was a correlation between the difference of VI value between observers and the value of VI mean ( r s=0.639, P<0.001). Conclusions:There is a good inter-observer consistency in evaluating the blood vascular architecture and quantitatively measuring the blood flow abundance by Smart-3D SMI.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847577

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The details of clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fracture with intravertebral clefts are poorly understood at present. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between clinical symptoms and imaging features of osteoporotic vertebral fracture with intravertebral clefts. METHODS: Clinical data of 168 patients with single-level osteoporotic vertebral fracture with intravertebral clefts were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical symptoms were evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale score and Oswestry Disability Index. The incidence of delayed neurologic deficit was recorded. X-ray was used to measure the local kyphosis angle and vertebral instability, and CT was used to diagnose the posterior wall fracture of the vertebral body. The relationship between clinical symptoms and imaging features of osteoporotic vertebral fracture with intravertebral clefts was analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The Visual Analogue Scale score and Oswestry Disability Index were 7.7±1.6 and (62.9±19.2)%, respectively. Delayed neurologic deficit occurred in 37 patients (22.0%). Local kyphosis angle and vertebral instability was (16.8±7.7)° and (7.9±4.4)°, respectively. The incidence of posterior wall fracture was 89.8%. (2) The Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index were significantly correlated with vertebral instability (r=0.33, P < 0.001; r=0.53, P < 0.001), but had weak correlation with local kyphosis angle (r=-0.16, P=0.03; r=-0.16, P=0.03). (3) The incidence of vertebral instability in patients with delayed neurologic deficit was significantly higher than that in patients without delayed neurologic deficit (P < 0.001), but there was no difference in local kyphosis angle between two groups (P=0.18). All patients with delayed neurologic deficit had posterior wall fracture, but only 2/3 patients with posterior wall fracture had delayed neurologic deficit. (4) In summary, vertebral instability is one of the factors leading to clinical symptoms of osteoporotic vertebral fracture patients with intravertebral clefts. The vertebral instability may be the main cause of delayed neurologic deficit. In order to treat back pain and delayed neurologic deficit effectively, it is important to control vertebral instability of osteoporotic vertebral fracture patients with intravertebral clefts.

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