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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861271

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of CT density combined with texture parameters based on CT plain image in predicting the consistency of large pituitary adenoma. Methods: Totally 50 patients with large pituitary adenoma confirmed by operation and pathology were enrolled and divided into soft group (n=30) and hard group (n=20) according to intraoperative pituitary consistency. The largest slice of the tumor on the CT image was selected, then ROI was manually outlined, CT value of the lesion was measured, and the texture feature parameters were extracted. CT values and texture features were compared between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the variables, and the model for predicting the pituitary adenoma consistency was established. ROC curve was drawn to evaluate its predictive value. Results: There was statistically significant difference in CT value between soft group and the hard group (P=0.031), and AUC in predicting tumor consistency was 0.662. A total of 77 texture parameters were extracted based on plain CT images, and 4 texture parameters were found with statistically significant differences between the two groups, including the Quantile 90, inertia, variance and contrast, with AUC of 0.662, 0.663, 0.672 and 0.663, respectively. AUC of texture feature model established with multivariate Logistic regression analysis in predicting the pituitary adenoma consistency was 0.690, of CT value combined with the texture parameter model was 0.782. Conclusion: The model established with CT value combined with texture parameters has high value in predicting the pituitary adenoma consistency, which is helpful to clinical selection of surgical plans.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807173

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the possibility and diagnostic efficiency of 18F-NaF PET/CT bone scan after oral administration (PO) by comparing with that of intravenous injection (IV).@*Methods@#Fifty patients (19 males, 31 females; average age: (52.8±11.7) years) with cancer who underwent PET/CT scans after oral and intravenous administration of 18F-NaF respectively with an interval of 2-7 d from June 2015 to September 2016 were prospectively enrolled. Single-phase 18F-NaF PET/CT was performed 60 min after IV, and dual-phase 18F-NaF PET/CT was performed 60 and 120 min after PO. All PET/CT images were reviewed, lesions were counted, and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and target/non-target (T/NT) ratios were calculated and compared. Paired t test was used.@*Results@#Forty-one patients (15 males, 26 females; average age: (53.5±10.4) years) who finished all PET/CT scans were enrolled. The images at 120 min after PO was visually similar to the images at 60 min after IV. Three modalities detected the same cases and lesions (35 positive cases: 25 malignant, 8 benign, 2 cases with indefinite diagnosis; 302 lesions: 172 malignant, 108 benign, 22 ambiguous lesions). The SUVmax-PO60 min and SUVmax-PO120 min were lower than the SUVmax-IV60 min in the same lesion (18.22±12.64, 26.60±19.49 vs 28.07±16.34; t values: -12.36 and -3.59, both P<0.05). A total of 194 lesions were included for T/NT ratio analysis. T/NTIV60 min, T/NTPO60 min and T/NTPO120 min were 2.76±1.30, 2.87±1.50, 2.98±1.42, respectively, and T/NTPO120 min was higher than T/NTIV60 min (t=3.18, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#18F-NaF PET/CT images after PO, especially at 120 min post-PO, has similar diagnostic power of lesion-detection and SUVmax-measurement with IV.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667746

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the inhibitory effect and the possible mechanism of tetra-methylpyrazine (TMP) in preventing vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation induced by fine particulate matter (PM2.5). METHODS PM2.520, 200 and 400 mg · L-1 was added to VSMCs for 24 h, the survival of VSMCs was measured by MTT assay, the protein levels of p-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR-1) in the VSMCs were detected by Western blotting, while the levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) in the VSMCs were analyzed by ELISA, radioimmunoassay and nitrate reductase method, respec-tively. TMP 20, 200 and 2000 mg·L-1 or a specific inhibitor of JNK SP60012510μmol·L-1 was added into the VSMCs to observe the effect of TMP. RESULTS Compared with the normal control group, PM2.5200 and 400 mg·L-1 significantly increased the A570 nm vaule, the protein levels of p-JNK and FGFR-1,the levels of VCAM-1 and ET-1, but decreased the level of NO (P<0.01), while there were no significant changes in PM2.520 mg·L-1 group. Compared with the PM2.5200 mg·L-1 group, TMP 200 and 2000 mg·L-1 pre-treatment markedly decreased the A570 nm vaule, the protein levels of p-JNK and FGFR-1, the levels of VCAM-1 and ET-1, but increased the level of NO (P<0.01), while there were no significant changes in TMP 20 mg · L-1 pre-treated group. Moreover, the effects of TMP were significantly enhanced by the co-incubation of TMP 2000 mg · L-1 with SP60012510 μmol · L-1, compared to the TMP 2000 mg · L-1 pre-treated group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION TMP displays a significant inhibitory effect against VSMC proliferation induced by PM2.5. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of JNK phosphor-ylation, and the regulation of FGFR-1 protein expression and VCAM-1, ET-1 and NO levels.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663883

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a mouse model of IgA nephropathy and to observe its biochemical and pathological characteristics. Methods Twelve BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal group and model group, with 6 mice in each group. Mice in the model group received an intravenous injection of 0. 8 mg/kg superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) into the tail vein once a week for three weeks. At the end of the 4th week, the mice were sacrificed, and the 24 h-urinary protein, urinary microalbumin, the renal function indicators BUN, Scr and UA were measured, levels of liver function indicators ALT, AST, ALP, and the blood lipid levels of TC, TG, and LDL were determined, the renal morphological changes were examined by pathology using HE, PAS, PASM and Masson staining, and by electron microscopy, the IgA deposition in the renal tissue was observed with immunofluorescence, and the liver and small intestine were observed by pathology using HE staining. Results Compared with the normal group, the mice of model group showed increased 24-hour urinary protein and urinary microalbumin (P<0. 01), increased CREA and UA (P<0. 05), but not significantly changed BUN, TP and ALB. The liver function indicator AST was significantly increased (P<0. 05), but ALT and ALP were not significantly changed. The blood lipid TG was significantly decreased (P<0. 05) and LDL increased (P<0. 01), while the TC was not significantly changed. The kidney tissues had moderate histological changes, and immunofluorescence observation showed granular or massive IgA deposition in the renal glomerular mesangium. The liver tissue had some inflammatory cell infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis. The small intestine showed slender and shortened villi with widened inter-villous space and sloughed off epithelial cells, dilated central lacteal, and lymphocyte infiltration. Conclusions A mouse model of IgA nephropathy can be successfully established by tail vein injection of superantigen staphylococcal entrotoxin B.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2283-2286,2292, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663079

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of berberine (Ber) on Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-induced human gastric epithelial cells (GES-1) injury and the underlying mechanism .METHODS: Berberine (5, 10 and 20 μmol/L) and PD98059 (20 μmol/L), a selective inhibitor of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK)1/2 signaling pathway, were added to Hp-infected GES-1 cells.The cell activity and apoptosis, the levels of interleukin (IL)-1βand IL-8, lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) activity and the protein levels of Bax , Bcl-2 and p-ERK1/2 in the GES-1 cells were determined by MTT assay, flow cytometry, ELISA, colorimetry and Western blot, respectively.RESULTS: Compared with control group, Hp significantly inhibited the cell activity , increased the apoptotic rate , LDH activity, IL-1βand IL-8 levels, the Bax and p-ERK1/2 protein levels but decreased the Bcl-2 protein level in GES-1 cells (P<0.05).However, these effects of Hp were reversed by berberine at medium-dose and high-dose, as compared with the Hp-infected GES-1 cells ( P<0.05).Moreover, the protective effects of berberine were significantly enhanced by the co-incubation of berberine with PD98059, as compared with the berberine at higher dose (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Berberine may attenuate Hp-in-duced human gastric epithelial GES-1 cells injury by anti-inflammation, promoting cell growth and anti-apoptosis via the in-hibition of ERK1/2 signaling pathway .

6.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 630-634, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and the mechanism of baicalin in alleviating human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) injury induced by lipocalin-2. METHODS: Lipocalin-2 at different concentration (0, 5, 10, 20 μmol·L-1) and different time gradient (0, 24, 48 and 72 h) were added in HUVEC, the proliferation and apoptosis of HUVEC, contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) in HUVEC supernatant, lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and the expressions of p-JNK, Bax and Bcl-2 in HUVEC were measured by MTT assay, flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA), colorimetry and Western blot, respectively. Different concentration of baicalin (15, 30, 60 mg·L-1) or 10 μmol·L-1 SP600125, the specific inhibitor of JNK pathway, was added into HUVEC to detect the effect of baicalin. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, 10 μmol·L-1 lipocalin-2 could significantly increase the apoptosis, IL-6, MCP-1 contents and LDH activities, p-JNK expression and Bax/Bcl-2 rate but restrain the proliferation in HUVEC (P<0.05). Compared with lipocalin-2 group, 30 mg·L-1 baicalin could significantly restrain the apoptosis, IL-6, MCP-1 contents and LDH activities, p-JNK expression and Bax/Bcl-2 rate but increase the proliferation in HUVEC (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that baicalin could alleviate HUVEC injury induced by lipocalin-2, the protective mechanism is related to the inhibition of JNK pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487362

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect and the mechanism of tanshinone ⅡA in attenuating PM2.5-induced human umbilical vein endothelial EA.hy926 cell injury.METHODS:The samples of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were collected in Guangzhou and made into suspension.Different concentrations (0, 20, 200 and 400 mg/L) of PM2.5 were added to EA.hy926 cells.The viability and apoptosis of EA.hy926 cells, the protein levels of p-p38 MAPK, Bax and Bcl-2 in the EA.hy926 cells, the contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and malonaldehyde ( MDA) , and the activity of superoxide dismutase ( SOD) and lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) in the EA.hy926 cell culture supernatant were measured by MTT assay, flow cytometry, Western blot, ELISA and colorimetry, respectively.Tanshinone ⅡA at different concentrations (5, 10 and 20 μmol/L) or a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK pathway, SB203580 (20μmol/L) , was added into the EA.hy926 cells to observe the effect of tanshinone ⅡA.RESULTS:Compared with control group, PM2.5 significantly increased the apoptosis, the contents of IL-6, TNF-αand MDA, the activity of LDH, and the protein levels of p-p38 MAPK and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, but decreased the viability and SOD activity in the EA.hy926 cells (P<0.05).Compared with PM2.5 group, tanshinone IIA significantly decreased the apoptosis, the contents of IL-6, TNF-αand MDA, the activity of LDH, and the protein levels of p-38 MAPK and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, but increased the viabil-ity and SOD activity in the EA.hy926 cells (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Tanshinone ⅡA attenuates PM2.5-induced EA. hy926 cell injury via the inhibition of p38 MAPK pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236093

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect and the mechanism of puerarin in attenuating PM2.5-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA.hy926) injury, the samples of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were collected and made into suspension. Different concentrations of PM2.5 (0,20, 200, 400 mg•L⁻¹) were used to contaminate EA.hy926 cells for 24 h. The cells survival rate was detected by MTT assay; cells apoptosis of EA.hy926cells was detected by flow cytometry; the protein levels of p-ERK1/2, Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by Western blot; the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), malonaldehyde (MDA), and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured by ELISA. Puerarin at different concentrations (10, 50, 100 μmol•L⁻¹) or a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2 pathway PD98059 (20 μmol•L-1) was added into the EA.hy926 cells to observe the intervention effect and mechanism of puerarin. Compared with the control group, PM2.5 reduced the cells survival rate, up-regulatedp-ERK1/2 protein level and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in a dose dependent manner to promote apoptosis; increased the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, the activity of LDH, but decreased SOD activity in the EA.hy926 cells (P<0.05). Compared with PM2.5 group, puerarin increased the cells survival rate, down-regulated p-ERK1/2 protein level and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in a dose dependent manner to inhibit the apoptosis; decreased the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, the activity of LDH, but increased SOD activity in the EA.hy926 cells (P<0.05). The results indicated that puerarin could attenuate PM2.5-induced EA.hy926 cells injury via the inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 692-696,697, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604026

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of allicin against EA. hy926 endothelial cell injury in-duced by PM2. 5 and the possible mechanism. Meth-ods The samples of fine particulate matter ( PM2. 5 ) were collected and made into suspension. Different concentrations of PM2. 5 ( 20 , 200 , 400 mg · L-1 ) were added to EA. hy926 cell. The viability and apop-tosis of EA. hy926 cell, the protein levels of p-ERK1/2, Bax and Bcl-2 in the EA. hy926 cell, the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) , interleukin-6 ( IL-6 ) , and malonaldehyde ( MDA ) , the activities of su-peroxide dismutase ( SOD ) and lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) in the EA. hy926 cell culture supernatant were measured by MTT assay, flow cytometry, Western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA ) and colorimetry, respectively. Allicin at different con-centrations(5,20,40 mg·L-1 ) or a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2 signaling pathway PD98059 ( 20 μmol · L-1 ) was added into the EA. hy926 cell to observe the effect of allicin. Results Compared with control group, PM2. 5 significantly increased the apoptosis, the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, the activity of LDH, the protein levels of p-ERK1/2 and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, but decreased the viability and SOD activity in the EA. hy926 cell(P<0. 05). Compared with PM2. 5 group, allicin significantly decreased the apoptosis, the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, the activity of LDH, the protein levels of p-ERK1/2 and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, but increased the viability and SOD activity in the EA. hy926 cell ( P <0. 05 ) . Conclusion Allicin displays a significant protective effect against EA. hy926 endothelial cell injury induced by PM2 . 5 and its mechanism may be related to the attenuations of in-flammation and oxidative stress via the inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 420-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779186

ABSTRACT

In search of more effective anticancer agents, twelve compounds were designed and synthesized via microwave-assisted reactions of cinnamoyl chloride with α-hydroxyphosphonate. The structures of all the compounds were confirmed by IR, NMR and elemental analysis. Bioassay of the compounds were tested. They exhibited certain antitumor activities. Especially, compound 3c had obvious inhibitory effect on growth of SGC-7901 cells in vitro at 20 μmol·L-1, and compound 3h showed better inhibitory effect on growth of SGC-7901 cells in vitro at 5 μmol·L-1, the inhibition ratio were 68.8% and 48.0%, respectively.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3464-3467, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the inhibitory effects of berberine on EA.hy926 human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA. hy926 cells) injury induced by particulates with no more than 2.5 μm air aerodynamic diameter in atmospheric (PM2.5),and its p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK)signal pathway mechanism. METHODS:PM2.5 samples were collected and hatched EA.hy926 cells with concentrations of 0(blank control),20,200 and 400 mg/L for 24 h. The survival rate and apoptosis rate of cells,contents of IL-6,TNF-α and MDA,activities of SOD and LDH,protein levels of p-p38 MAPK,Bcl-2 and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) were detected. The above indexes of EA.hy926 cells in blank control group,PM2.5 group (200 mg/L PM2.5), p38 MAPK pathway-specific blocker SB203580 group (20 μmol/L SB203580+200 mg/L PM2.5),berberine low-,medium- and high-concentrations groups(5,10,20 μmol/L berberine+200 mg/L PM2.5)were also determined. RESULTS:Compared with blank control,survival rate of cells,SOD activity and Bcl protein decreased after 200,400 mg/L PM2.5 hatched;apoptosis rate of cells, contents of IL-6,TNF-α and MDA,LDH activity,protein levels of p-p38 MAPK and Bax increased (P<0.05),in concentra-tion-dependent manner. Compared with PM2.5 group,survival rate of cells,SOD activity and Bcl-2 protein increased in berberine medium-,high-concentrations groups and SB203580 group;apoptosis rate of cells,contents of IL-6,TNF-α and MDA,LDH ac-tivity,protein levels of p-p38 MAPK and Bax decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Berberine attenuates PM2.5-induced EA. hy926 cells injury via the inhibition of p38 MAPK pathway.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496604

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of radionuclide salivagram in children with pulmonary aspiration.Methods From March 2012 to June 2015,a total of 62 patients (37 males,25 females;age range:2 d-14 years) with suspected pediatric aspiration pneumonia were enrolled in this retrospective study.All patients underwent gastroesophageal reflux (GER) imaging and(or) radionuclide salivagram.Detection rate of pulmonary aspiration by the two imaging techniques was compared with x2 test.Results Of 62 patients,14 were diagnosed as pulmonary aspiration,including 1 detected by GER imaging,and 13 detected by salivagram.The detection rate for pulmonary aspiration by radionuclide salivagram (26.0%,13/50) was significantly higher than that by GER imaging (3.1%,1/32;x2=7.211,P<0.05).Eight of the 13 cases with pulmonary aspiration diagnosed by radionuclide salivagram underwent upper gastrointestinal radiography,and 5 cases had visible contrast agent in the airway.Conclusion Radionuclide salivagram has a higher detection rate for pulmonary aspiration compared to GER imaging,and has good concordance with the traditional upper gastrointestinal radiography.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489257

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize 628F-Py-AMD3465,to investigate its biodistribution in mice and to perform the microPET/CT imaging on mice bearing human lung cancer cell (A549).Methods AMD3465 quaternary ammonium salt precursor was directly labeled with 18F,then 628F-Py-AMD3465 was synthesized through nucleophilic reaction,hydrolysis,neutralization and the product was purified using HPLC.The labeling yield and radiochemical purity were analyzed by HPLC.Fifteen Kunming mice were injected with 5.55 MBq of 628F-Py-AMD3465 and sacrificed at 5,20,40,60 and 120 min postinjection.The selected tissues were harvested and weighed,and the radioactivity in the tissues was measured by an automated γ-spectrometer.The %ID/g was calculated.MicroPET/CT studies were performed on A549-bearing mice after injecting 6-18F-Py-AMD3465 through vena caudal.Paired t test was used.Results 6-18F-Py-AMD3465 was successfully synthesized with the labeling yield of (9.0±2.0)%,the total synthesis time was about 60 min,and the radiochemical purity was more than 98%.Biodistribution studies showed that the radiouptake was higher in the kidneys and bladder of normal mice,which demonstrated that 6-18 F-Py-AMD3465 was mainly excreted through the kidneys.Biodistribution in A549-bearing mice was similar to that in normal mice.The tumor/muscle ratio at 40 min was 5.0,but the radiouptake of the tumor was still lower than that of the normal lung:(8.05±0.35) %ID/g vs (9.33±0.66) %ID/g;t=5.26,P<0.05.MicroPET/CT imaging showed that the high-uptake location of 6-18F-Py-AMD3465 in tumor-bearing mice was similar to the normal mice,and the tumor uptake reached the maximum level at 45 min post-injection (SUV 0.67).Conclusions 6-18F-Py-AMD3465 can be synthesized by a simple method.A lower uptake could be shown in the tumor compared to that in the lung and the tracer has limited diagnostic value for lung cancer.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect and its molecular mechanism of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) inhibitor (GS-459679) on acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice.@*METHODS@#The model of liver injury was established by administration of acetaminophen (APAP) (300 mg/kg, i.p.) on C57BL/6 mice. Forty-eight male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups, consisting of control group, GS group (GS-459679, 30 mg/kg, i.p.), APAP-induced group, and GS combined with APAP-induced group. For GS combined with APAP-induced group, mice were treated with GS 30 min prior to administration of APAP. After mice were euthanized at 6 h or 12 h, respectively, serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were analyzed, and mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were tested. The activity of glutathione (GSH), oxidized GSH (GSSG) and malondialdehyde were quantified. In addition, ASK1, P-ASK1, JNK and P-JNK protein levels were tested in all groups.@*RESULTS@#The ASK1 and P-ASK1 levels were up-regulated in APAP-induced group. Compared to the control group, serum levels of ALT and AST, and mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were increased in APAP-induced group. Meanwhile, the levels of MAD and GSSG, and the ratio of GSSG/GSH were higher and the JNK was activatedin APAP-induced group compared with that in control group. However, compared to APAP-induced group, GS combined with APAP-induced group displayed a decrease of protein expression levels of ASK1, P-ASK1 and P-JNK, a reduction of serum levels of ALT and AST, a decrease in TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA levels, and a low ration of GSSG/GSH.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GS-459679 treatment effectively down-regulates ASK1 and P-ASK1 expression. Addition of GS-459679 decreases the generation of liver metabolites and inflammatory factors, reduces oxidative stress reaction, inhibits JNK activation, and then protects the responsiveness to APAP-induced liver injury.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the regulation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway on interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) secreted in human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) induced by visfatin and the intervention of berberine. Methods: HUVEC was cultured for the in vitro experiment, visfatin was added at different concentration (0, 50, 100, and 200 μg/L) and in different times (0, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h) to obserbe the effect on HUVEC. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of HUVEC, apoptosis rate was measured by Flow Cytometer, the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α in HUVEC supernatant were determined by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) assay, and the protein expressions of p-JNK, Bax, and Bcl-2 in HUVEC lysate were determined by Western blotting. Berberine (50 μmol/L) and SP600125 (10 μmol/L) were added to interfere HUVEC and to detect the effect of berberine. Results: Compared with the control group, visfatin (100 μg/L) could significantly decrease the proliferation of HUVEC, induce HUVEC apoptosis, and increase the IL-6 and TNF-α contents in HUVEC supernatant. Meanwhile, it could increase p-JNK and Bax expression, decrease Bcl-2 expression after 24 h. Compared with visfatin group, berberine and SP600125 could increase the proliferation of HUVEC while decrease the IL-6 and TNF-α contents in HUVEC supernatant, restrain p-JNK and Bax expression while increase Bcl-2 expression in HUVEC. Conclusion: Berberine could decrease the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α in HUVEC supernatant and ease the injury induced by visfatin, the protective mechanism is related to the inhibition of JNK signal pathway activation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338066

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the flavonoids of Erigeron canadensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents of EtOH extraction from the whole plant of E. canadensis were isolated and purified by repeated column chromatography. These compounds were identified by their physical and spectral data.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twelve flavonoids were isolated and identified as quercetin-7-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside(1),quercetin(2), luteolin(3), apigenin(4),5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-methoxy flavone(5), quercetin-3-alpha-rhamnopyranoside(6), quercetin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside(7), apigenin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside(8), luteolin-7-O-beta-D-glucuronide methyl ester(9),4'-hydroxy baicalein-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside(10),baicalein(11),rutin(12).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 1 was isolated from the Compositae family for the first time. Compound 5 and 9 were firstly isolated from the genus Erigeron. Compound 3,4,7,8 and 11 were isolated from E. canadensis for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Conyza , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313579

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) gene on cell growth and invasion of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recombinant lentivirus vector for shRNA delivery of EZH2 was constructed and transfected into 293FT cells. After collecting the viral particles, the NPC cell line 5-8F cells were transfected. The effects of EZH2 silence on cell proliferation and cell cycle were detected using MTT assay, plate colony formation assay and flow cytometry. The migration and invasion of 5-8F cells were determined by wound healing assay and matrigel invasion assay, respectively. The expressions of EZH2 and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related markers at mRNA and protein levels were examined by real-time PCR and Western blot respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of EZH2 mRNA and protein in the transfected 5-8F cells were obviously reduced. MTT assay showed that EZH2 downregulation significantly inhibited the growth of 5-8F/shEZH2 cells (P < 0.001). Colony formation rate (84.44%) of 5-8F/shEZH2 cells was lower than control (31.56%, P = 0.001). Cell cycle analysis showed that most 5-8F/shEZH2 cells were arrested in G0/G1 phase, with a very low ratio of cells in S phase. Wound healing assay indicated that the migration ability of cells silencing EZH2 decreased significantly, and the 48-hour relative migration distance of 5-8F/ShEZH2 cells and control cells was 0.58 ± 0.05, and 0.81 ± 0.02, respectively (P < 0.000). Matrigel invasion assay, showed the invasive capacity of cells silencing EZH2 was significantly inhibited, with less penetrating cells (72.23 ± 4.08) compared to control (150.95 ± 16.27), P < 0.000. The mRNA expressions of epithelial markers E-cadherin and Keratin 18 in the cells silencing EZH2 increased by 177% and 158% respectively, and the mRNA expressions of mesenchymal markers β-catenin and N-cadherin decreased by 18.04% and 41.18% respectively. Similar results also were obtained with Western blot analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EZH2 significantly enhanced the proliferation and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro, which might be mediated by inducing EMT.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 , Genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322501

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) on cell proliferation and cell cycle in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recombinant lentivirus that encoded EBNA1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was prepared. The C666-EBNA1 (CE) cells were transduced with lentivirus and selected by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) to repress EBNA1 expression. The protein expression levels of EBNA1 were examined by Western blot. The effect of EBNA1 silence on cell proliferation was analyzed by MTT assay and cell growth assay, respectively. Cell cycle was assessed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein levels of cell cycle regulators were examined by real-time PCR and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recombinant lentivirus encoded EBNA1 shRNA was successfully constructed. The EBNA1 expression in CE cells was significantly reduced by lentivirus-mediated RNA interference. The results of cell counting and MTT assay showed that EBNA1 down-regulation significantly inhibited cell growth in CE-shRNA EBNA1 cells (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the percentage of cells in G0-G1 phase was increased from (62.43 ± 6.62)% to (89.66 ± 0.64)% (t = -7.091, P = 0.002), and that in S phase was decreased from (34.93 ± 7.36)% to (7.82 ± 2.44)% (t = 6.095, P = 0.004). The mRNA expressions of c-myc, CDK4, CDK6 and pRb were decreased by 65.60%, 34.06%, 41.05% and 55.29% respectively with the similar results in protein expression levels.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Suppression of EBNA1 may inhibit the growth of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro and induce a G1-phase cell cycle arrest, which might be mediated by down-regulation of c-myc, CDK4, CDK6 and pRb.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lentivirus , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Transduction, Genetic
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and toxicity of the kangai injection combination of fludarabine (Flud), cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (FLAG) in refractory/relapsed acute leukemia (AL) patients.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>From 2004 to 2010 in our hospital, the 49 cases of refractory/relapsed acute luekemia were randomly divided into treatment group (28 cases) and control group (21 cases). The control group were treated by kangai injection plus FLAG regimen, and the control group were treated by FLAG regimen.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The remission rate of treatment and total effective rate treatment group were 57.1% (16/28) and 71.4% (21/28), the control group were 52.3% (11/21) and 61.9% (13/21), there were no significant differences in the two groups. Duration of neutrophils less than 0.5 x 10(9)/L in treatment group was (14 +/- 6) day, control group was (23 +/- 3) day, Duration of platelet less than 25 x 10(9)/L in treatment group was (17 +/- 6) day, control group was (31 +/- 2) day, treatment group of III-IV degree of infection was 6.9% (1/28) and control group was 23.8% (5/21) between the two groups were significantly different (P < 0.05). treatment group of III- IV degree of gastrointestinal; toxicity was 10.7% (3/28) and control group was 28. 5% (6/ 21).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Kangai injection plus FLAG regimen could increase the remission rate, shorten the period of bone marrow suppression, significantly reduced the incidence and degree of infection, play a important role in attenuated efficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Injections , Leukemia , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Vidarabine
20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 517-518, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642522

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey and analyze characteristics of brucellosis epidemic in Dalian City for the purpose of setting up prevention and control measures for the disease. Methods In 2007, the basic situation of people of 7-60 years old and in close contact with livestock was surveyed in Dalian according to the "Surveillance standard for brucellosis"(GB 16885-1997). Blood was collected in brucellosis suspicious or high-risk groups for the laboratory examination, using rose bengal test for qualitative detection and test-tube agglutination test(SAT) method for quantitative detection of serum antibodies; At the same time, brucellosis cases found in the routine monitoring and confirmed in and this survey in the department of endemic disease prevention in the center for disease control and prevention of Dalian City underwent questionnaire surveys. Results All 1563 people were epidemiologically surveyed of brucellosis, 1310 were male, 253 female,livestock care givers accounted for 56.05% (876/1563). 240 blood samples were serologically surveyed, the detection rate was 3.75%(9/240). This survey confirmed 2 cases of brucellosis patients, 3 cases confirmed in routine monitoring. 3 cases were infected via contacting infected brucellosis cows, and the 2 cases were imported. Conclusions To strengthen the quarantine of livestock and timely treat the infected livestock should be the key of control of brucellosis. At the same time, professionals of livestock should be educated to protect themselves.

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