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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 336-349, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016648

ABSTRACT

Small-molecule phenolic substances widely exist in animals and plants, and have some shared biological activities. The metabolism of phenylalanine and tyrosine in the human body, and especially the metabolism of catecholamine neurotransmitters, produces endogenous small-molecule phenols. Endogenous small-molecule phenolic substances are functionally related to the important physiological processes and the occurrence of mental diseases in humans and some animals, which are systematically sorts and summarized in this review. Integrating the previous experimental research and literature analysis on natural small-molecule phenols by our research group, the understanding of the hypothesis that "small-molecule phenol are pharmacological signal carriers" was deepened. Based on above, the concept of "phenolomics" was further proposed, analyzed the research direction and research content which can bring into the knowledge framework of phenolomics. The induction of phenolomics will provide wider perspectives on explaining the pharmacological mechanism of drugs, discovering new drug targets, and finding biomarkers of mental diseases.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 62-69, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013591

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of menthol on hypobaric hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension and explore the underlying mechanism in mice. Methods 10 to 12 weeks old wild type (WT) mice and TRPM8 gene knockout (TRPM8

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 1-6, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013562

ABSTRACT

The goal of achieving elimination of schistosomiasis across all endemic counties in China by 2030 was proposed in the Outline of the Healthy China 2030 Plan. On June 16, 2023, the Action Plan to Accelerate the Elimination of Schistosomiasis in China (2023—2030) was jointly issued by National Disease Control and Prevention Administration and other 10 ministries, which deployed the targets and key tasks of the national schistosomiasis elimination programme in China. This article describes the progress of the national schistosomiasis control programme, analyzes the opportunities to eliminate schistosomiasis, and proposes targeted recommendations to tackle the challenges of schistosomiasis elimination, so as to accelerate the process towards schistosomiasis elimination and facilitate the building of a healthy China.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 39-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012555

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe occurrence rate of dangerous behaviors in patients with severe mental disorders is higher than that of the general population. In China, there is limited research on the prediction of dangerous behaviors in community-dwelling patients with severe mental disorders, particularly in terms of predicting models using data mining techniques other than traditional methods. ObjectiveTo explore the influencing factors of dangerous behaviors in community-dwelling patients with severe mental disorders and testing whether the classification decision tree model is superior to the Logistic regression model. MethodsA total of 11 484 community-dwelling patients with severe mental disorders who had complete follow-up records from 2013 to 2022 were selected on December 2023. The data were divided into a training set (n=9 186) and a testing set (n=2 298) in an 8∶2 ratio. Logistic regression and classification decision trees were separately used to establish predictive models in the training set. Model discrimination and calibration were evaluated in the testing set. ResultsDuring the follow-up period, 1 115 cases (9.71%) exhibited dangerous behaviors. Logistic regression results showed that urban residence, poverty, guardianship, intellectual disability, history of dangerous behaviors, impaired insight and positive symptoms were risk factors for dangerous behaviors (OR=1.778, 1.459, 2.719, 1.483, 3.890, 1.423, 2.528, 2.124, P<0.01). Being aged ≥60 years, educated, not requiring prescribed medication and having normal social functioning were protective factors for dangerous behaviors (OR=0.594, 0.824, 0.422, 0.719, P<0.05 or 0.01). The predictive effect in the testing set showed an area under curve (AUC) of 0.729 (95% CI: 0.692~0.766), accuracy of 70.97%, sensitivity of 59.71%, and specificity of 72.05%. The classification decision tree results showed that past dangerous situations, positive symptoms, overall social functioning score, economic status, insight, household registration, disability status and age were the influencing factors for dangerous behaviors. The predictive effect in the testing set showed an AUC of 0.721 (95% CI: 0.705~0.737), accuracy of 68.28%, sensitivity of 64.46%, and specificity of 68.60%. ConclusionThe classification decision tree does not have a greater advantage over the logistic regression model in predicting the risk of dangerous behaviors in patients with severe mental disorders in the community. [Funded by Chengdu Medical Research Project (number, 2020052)]

5.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2363-2367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998588

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of a patient dignosed as tuberculosis and severe malnutrition with coronavirus disease 2019 (critical type) treated with a combination of Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Through the retrospective analysis of the diagnosis and treatment process of this patient, on the basis of Chinese medicine's understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of “old state” and “deficient state”, the critical coronavirus pneumonia combined with pulmonary tuberculosis and severe malnutrition was mostly due to the physical condition and the invasion of epidemic toxin, resulting in dysfunctions of the internal organs such as the lungs, spleens, kidneys and other organs. Based on the understanding of the cause and mechanism of the coronavirus disease, the treatment combined Chinese and Western medical therapies was given. The western medicine was used with the main treatments of oxygen therapy, anti-viral, intestinal nutritional support, and anti-coagulation, while the Chinese medicine was used by tonifying qi, blood, yin, and yang, warming yang and dissipating cold, and clearing heat and dampness, then tonifying qi, nourishing yin and eliminating heat, in which tonifying middle and replenishing qi ran through the whole process. The integrated treatment eventually improved the patient's symptoms and accelerated the negative conversion of nucleic acid of the coronavirus.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 849-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo improve the anti-fall capacity and safety of the smart walkers. MethodsTwo pressure sensors were placed on the handles on both sides of the walker. The confusion matrix was obtained, the corresponding operational intent labels were manually labeled, using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier for model prediction to predict the travel intent of the users. The user wore a gyroscope and the walker was equipped with a laser sensor, to measure the angular velocity, angular acceleration and the distance data, respectively, to detect the user's fall. ResultsThe classifier model established by SVM successfully predicted three operating states of the walker, namely straight ahead, left turning and right turning. The user's fall was detected by the sudden change of the following data: the combined angular velocity was greater than 100°/s, the combined angular acceleration was greater than 1.3 G, the angular acceleration of Z-axis was greater than 0.7 G or less than 0.2 G, and the distance was greater than 600 mm or less than 300 mm. ConclusionThe improvement of the walker can predict the turn intention of the user, and detect the user's fall.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and adverse reactions of image-guided hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (Ig-HypoRT) conbined with contralateral esophageal protection in treatment of patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were admitted to Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients received induction chemotherapy with a platinum-based dual-drug combination regimen, followed by Ig-HypoRT with a total dose of tumor of 60-63 Gy/12- 18 times at 3.5-5.0 Gy/time. Contralateral esophagus was delineated as an organ at risk during radiotherapy, limiting V 45 Gy≤1.8 cc and V 55 Gy ≤0.4 cc. Patients' efficacy, survival and the occurrence of adverse reactions were observed. Results:Among 45 patients, there were 9 cases of complete remission, 31 cases of partial remission, 4 cases of stable disease and 1 case of disease progression, and the effective rate was 88.8% (40/45). The median follow-up time was 34 months, 45 patients had a median overall survival (OS) time of 25.0 months (95% CI 21.7-28.8 months), with 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates of 78.9%, 56.8% and 47.7%, respectively; the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 18.5 months (95% CI 15.0-22.0 months), with 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates of 59.8%, 32.6% and 18.6%, respectively. The 3-year local recurrence rate was 9% (4/45). The incidence of grade 1-2 radioactive esophagitis was 80% (36/45); the incidence of grade 1-2 chest pain was 20% (9/45). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse reactions were 13% (6/45), including 7% (3/45) of grade 3 pulmonary atelectasis, 4% (2/45) of grade 3 radioactive pneumonia, and 2% (1/45) of grade 4 hemoptysis. Conclusions:Ig-HypoRT combined with contralateral esophageal protection for unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC can improve survival rate and reduce esophageal adverse reactions of patients.

8.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 217-223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)combined with Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang(Middle Jiao-supplementing and Qi-boosting Decoction)in the treatment of rectocele of Qi sinking due to spleen deficiency.Methods:A total of 108 patients with rectocele(grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ)were randomly divided into a Chinese medicine group and a Tuina+Chinese medicine group,with 54 cases in each group.Both groups were treated with Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang,and the Tuina+Chinese medicine group was treated with additional Tuina manipulation.The score of clinical symptoms and grade of rectocele were observed and compared between the two groups.Results:After treatment,39 cases were cured,10 cases were effective,and 5 cases failed in the Tuina+Chinese medicine group,making a total effective rate of 90.7%.In the Chinese medicine group,26 cases were cured,16 cases were effective,and 12 cases failed,making a total effective rate of 77.8%.The efficacy difference between the two groups was statistically significant,checked by the rank-sum test(P<0.05).After treatment,the grades of rectocele in the two groups were statistically different from those before treatment(P<0.05),and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).After treatment,the score of each item and the total score of traditional Chinese medicine symptoms in the two groups were lower than those before treatment,and the differences within the group were statistically significant(P<0.05).The score of each item and the total score of the Tuina+Chinese medicine group were lower than those of the Chinese medicine group,and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Tuina plus Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang has better clinical efficacy than Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang alone in the treatment of rectocele of Qi sinking due to spleen deficiency.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 385-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995566

ABSTRACT

The end of the COVID-19 infection peak in 2022 prompts a backlog of cardiovascular surgical patients to gradually return to the hospital, resulting in a surge in cardiovascular surgeries. However, against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, the clinical practice of cardiovascular surgery faces many problems. Therefore, organized by Beijing Anzhen Hospital, experts in cardiovascular surgery and related fields have formulated hospital expert experience on perioperative treatment principles of cardiovascular surgery for patients infected with COVID-19. This article summarizes the clinical decision-making of patients requiring cardiovascular surgery after COVID-19 infection, and advises on the corresponding recommendations according to the existing evidence-based medical evidence as well as the actual clinical practice experience of relevant experts. The main content of the article includes special requirements for cardiovascular surgical treatment indications in patients with COVID-19 infection, selection of surgical timing, special requirements of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative management, etc., which aims to provide COVID-19-infected patients with guidance on rational decision-making when receiving cardiovascular surgery.

10.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effectiveness of manual therapy based on posture decoding for patients with lower crossed syndrome (LCS).Methods:Thirty-six LCS patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 18. The observation group received manual therapy based on posture decoding, while the control group was treated with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), both in 20min sessions, once a week for 4 weeks. Before the experiment, after one, two and four weeks of treatment and followed-up 4 and 8 weeks later, both groups were evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and finger-floor distance (FFD). Anterior pelvic tilt angles (ASIS-PSISs), sacral slopes (SS), lumbar curve index (LCI) and surface EMG flexion-relaxation ratios (FRRs) were also recorded from both groups before and after the treatment.Results:After one and four weeks of the treatment, the average VAS, ODI, and FFD had decreased significantly in both groups, with all significantly lower in the observation group, on average. At the final follow-up, the average VAS and ODI scores of both groups were significantly lower than before the treatment, with those of the observation group significantly lower than the control group′s averages. After 4 weeks of treatment significant differences were observed also in the group′s average ASIS-PSISs, SSs and LCIs compared with before the treatment. And right after the treatment the left and right surface electromyography FRRs of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group.Conclusion:Manual therapy based on posture decoding can significantly improve the pelvis forward angle and lumbar motion of LCS patients, relieving back pain and relaxing back muscles.

11.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 408-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any stimulatory effect of intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) on the cerebral swallowing cortex and the cerebellar swallowing motor area and to explore the related mechanisms.Methods:Forty-four healthy right-handed subjects were divided at random into a dominant cerebellum group ( n=15), a non-dominant cerebellum group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=14). In the dominant cerebellum group, iTBS was administered to the cerebellum of the dominant hemisphere, and the other hemisphere was given sham stimulation. In the non-dominant cerebellum group, it was the opposite. The dominant cerebellum received the sham stimulation. In the control group both hemispheres received sham stimulation. Before and after the stimulation, single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to the representative regions of suprahyoid muscles in bilateral brain and cerebellum to observe changes of the latency and amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs). Results:After the intervention the MEP amplitude of the bilateral swallowing cortex and the stimulated cerebellum had increased in the non-dominant cerebellum group, with increased MEP amplitude only from the stimulated cerebellum of the dominant cerebellum group. Compared with the control group, the non-dominant cerebellum group showed the greatest improvement in MEP amplitude of the stimulated bilateral cerebral cortex and cerebellum. Improvement in the dominant cerebellum group was significantly smaller. However, there were no significant differences in MEP latency or the percentage change in MEP latency from baseline among the three groups.Conclusions:Applying iTBS to either the non-dominant or the dominant cerebellum excites the brain areas related to swallowing, but in different ways.

12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 641-646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical effect of minimally invasive femoral head replacement and proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) internal fixation at the same time in the treatment of elderly patients with comminuted intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From April 2020 to October 2020, 76 elderly patients with comminuted intertrochanteric fracture treated by minimally invasive femoral head replacement and PFNA were analyzed retrospectively. There were 35 patients in the prosthetic group, including 24 females and 11 males with an average age of (86.2±6.1) years old. There were 41 patients in PFNA group including 28 females and 13 males with an average age of (84.6±5.3) years old. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time, hospitalization time and complications were observed and compared between two groups. Harris hip score was performed at 1, 6 and 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 13 to 17 months with an average of (14.3±1.4) months. The operation time of the prosthesis group was longer than that of the PFNA group (P<0.05);the amount of bleeding in PFNA group was less than that in prosthesis group (P>0.05);the time of ambulation in prosthetic group was earlier than that in PFNA group(P<0.05);the number of complications in the prosthesis group was less than that in the PFNA group(P<0.05); the Harris score of prosthesis group was significantly higher than that of PFNA group at 1 and 6 months after operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in Harris score between two groups at 12 months after operation(P>0.05);the number of complications in the prosthesis group was less than that in the PFNA group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Minimally invasive femoral head replacement is a good choice for the elderly patients with commuited intertrochanteric fracture. It can improve the quality of life and reduce the burden of family members and society.

13.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 614-624, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infection after receiving the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine could create a strong immunity barrier.@*METHODS@#Blood samples were collected at two different time points from 124 Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infected patients and 124 controls matched for age, gender, and vaccination profile. Live virus-neutralizing antibodies against five SARS-CoV-2 variants, including WT, Gamma, Beta, Delta, and Omicron BA.1, and T-lymphocyte lymphocyte counts in both groups were measured and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The neutralizing antibody titers against five different variants of SARS-CoV-2 were significantly increased in the vaccinated population infected with the Omicron BA.1 variant at 3 months after infection, but mainly increased the antibody level against the WT strain, and the antibody against the Omicron strain was the lowest. The neutralizing antibody level decreased rapidly 6 months after infection. The T-lymphocyte cell counts of patients with mild and moderate disease recovered at 3 months and completely returned to the normal state at 6 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infection mainly evoked humoral immune memory in the original strain after vaccination and hardly produced neutralizing antibodies specific to Omicron BA.1. Neutralizing antibodies against the different strains declined rapidly and showed features similar to those of influenza. Thus, T-lymphocytes may play an important role in recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Breakthrough Infections , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , T-Lymphocytes , China/epidemiology , Antibodies, Viral
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 471-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980746

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the rules of acupoint selection for aphasia treated with acupuncture and moxibustion using data mining technology.@*METHODS@#From January 1, 2000 to April 1, 2022, the articles for clinical researches of acupuncture and moxibustion for aphasia published in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase were searched. Using Microsoft Excel 2021, the database was set up to analyze the use frequency of acupoint, meridian tropism, acupoint distribution and the use of specific points. SPSS26.0 was adopted for factor analysis, SPSS Modeler 18.0 was for association rule analysis of prescriptions, and Gephi 0.9.5 was to plot the co-occurrence network diagrams of acupoints and meridians.@*RESULTS@#A total of 140 articles were collated, including 146 acupuncture and moxibustion prescriptions and 189 acupoints. The total use frequency of these acupoints was 1 211. Lianquan (CV 23), Jinjin (EX-HN 12), Yuye (EX-HN 13), Baihui (GV 20) and Yamen (GV 15) were the top 5 acupoints of the high use frequency for aphasia treated with acupuncture and moxibustion. Among 189 acupoints collected, the extra points and empirical points were mostly selected. The top 3 involved meridians were the governor vessel, the gallbladder meridian of foot-shaoyang and the conception vessel. These acupoints were mostly distributed on the head, face and neck region. The use frequency of five-shu points was the highest among the specific points. The acupoint combinations of high frequency referred to Yuye (EX-HN 13)-Jinjin (EX-HN 12), Yuye (EX-HN 13)-Lianquan (CV 23)-Jinjin (EX-HN 12), and Fengchi (GB 20)-Yuye (EX-HN 13)-Jinjin (EX-HN 12). Factor analysis extracted 10 common factors for acupoint compatibility in treatment of aphasia with acupuncture and moxibustion.@*CONCLUSION@#In clinical treatment of aphasia with acupuncture and moxibustion, the local acupoints are preferred. The core acupoints include Lianquan (CV 23), Jinjin (EX-HN 12), Yuye (EX-HN 13), Baihui (GV 20) and Yamen (GV 15). The acupoint prescription is modified flexibly according to syndrome differentiation to enhance the therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Data Mining , Aphasia/therapy
15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1617-1626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978831

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of ursolic acid in Hippophae rhamnoides L. on hepatocyte apoptosis in rats with alcoholic liver disease based on the mitochondria-cytochrome c pathway. Methods A total of 50 specific pathogen-free male Wistar rats were divided into normal control group, alcohol model group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose ursolic acid groups using a random number table, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in the normal control group were given normal saline by gavage once a day for 8 weeks; the rats in the alcohol model group were given alcohol at increasing concentrations by gavage for 8 consecutive weeks; the rats in the low-, middle-, and high-dose ursolic acid groups were given ursolic acid at a dose of 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg, respectively, followed by an equal volume of alcohol as the model group 1 hour later. Serum liver function parameters were measured for each group; HE staining was used to observe liver histopathology; an electron microscope was used to observe hepatocyte ultrastructure; the TUNEL method was used to measure hepatocyte apoptosis; Western Blotting was used to measure the protein expression levels of cytochrome c and activated caspase-3 in hepatocyte mitochondria and cytoplasm. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the alcohol model group, the middle- and high-dose ursolic acid groups had significant reductions in the serum level of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and cholinesterase (all P < 0.05). The rats in the alcohol model group had disordered arrangement of hepatic cords with marked hepatocyte edema and fatty degeneration, while those in the middle- and high- dose ursolic acid groups had basically normal arrangement of hepatic cords and a significant improvement in hepatocyte fatty degeneration, as well as a significant increase in the number of hepatocyte mitochondria and a significant improvement in morphology. Compared with the alcohol model group, the middle- and high-dose ursolic acid groups had significantly lower hepatocyte apoptosis rate and protein expression levels of cytochrome c and caspase-3 in cytoplasm (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Ursolic acid in Hippophae rhamnoides L. can improve the liver function and histomorphology of rats with alcoholic liver disease, possibly by inhibiting the release of cytochrome c in hepatocyte mitochondria, the activation of caspase-3, and the apoptosis of hepatocytes via the mitochondria-cytochrome c pathway.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1596-1602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978712

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Reduning injection (RI) on influenza A virus (IAV) and its mechanism. We evaluated the cytotoxicity of RI in A549 and MDCK cells by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Western blot and cytopathic effect (CPE) assays were applied to test the effects of RI on viral protein, CPE and virus virulence to evaluate its inhibitory effect. The proteins level of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), phosphorylation of P38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) were detected by Western blot. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the RNA expression of interferon-α/β (IFN-α/β). The relative luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze the promoter activity and transcriptional regulation of Nrf2. The results indicated that RI inhibited IAV-induced MDCK cytopathies in a dose-dependent manner, decreased M2 protein of influenza virus and viral titer, indicating that it has definite effect on inhibiting IAV. RI promotes the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK and ERK1/2, activates the activity of Nrf2 nuclear transcription factor, increases the expression of Nrf2 protein in the nucleus, thus up-regulates the expression of HO-1 protein, and ultimately increases the IFN-α/β mRNA level. In summary, our results demonstrated that RI inhibits the replication of IAV by activating MAPK/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, revealing a new mechanism of RI against influenza virus, and providing theoretical basis for clinical treatment of influenza virus.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 539-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978496

ABSTRACT

Objective To elucidate the mechanism of dl-3-N-butylphthalide (NBP) on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rat models. Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group (Sham group), model group (IRI group), NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate group (PDTC group), low-dose NBP group (NBP-L group) and high-dose NBP group (NBP-H group), with 8 rats in each group. Serum creatinine (Scr), serum cystatin C(Cys-C), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 levels were detected in all groups. Pathological injury of renal tissues in each group was observed by Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression levels of inflammatory factors and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway and cell pyroptosis-related proteins in renal tissues were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining. Results Compared with the Sham group, renal tissue injury was more severe, and the levels of Scr, Cys-C, BUN and serum IL-1β and IL-18 were all up-regulated in the IRI group. Western blot showed that the relative expression levels of NOD-like receptor protein (NLRP3), Gasdermin D(GSDMD), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase)-1, IL-18, IL-1β, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 proteins were all up-regulated, and immunohistochemical staining revealed that the expression levels of NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65, IL-1β, IL-18 and NLRP3 proteins were all up-regulated in the IRI group. Compared with the IRI group, renal tissue injury was alleviated, and the levels of Scr, Cys-C, BUN and serum IL-18 and IL-1β were down-regulated in the PDTC, NBP-L and NBP-H groups. Western blot showed that the expression levels of NLRP3, GSDMD, Caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 proteins were down-regulated, and immunohistochemical staining indicated that the expression levels of NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, IL-1β, IL-18 and NLRP3 proteins were down-regulated in the PDTC, NBP-L and NBP-H groups, respectively. Compared with the NBP-L group, renal tissue injury was mitigated, and the levels of Scr, Cys-C, BUN, serum IL-18 and IL-1β were all down-regulated in the NBP-H group. Western blot showed the expression levels of NLRP3, GSDMD, Caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 proteins were down-regulated in the NBP-H group. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that the expression levels of NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, IL-1β, IL-18 and NLRP3 proteins were down-regulated in the NBP-H group. Conclusions NBP may down-regulate the activity of NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway and reduce the expression levels of cell pyroptosis-related proteins and inflammatory factors after renal IRI, thereby suppressing cell pyroptosis and alleviating renal IRI.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 333-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical effect of real-time virtual sonography (RVS) surgical navigation combined with indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology in the anatomical liver segmentectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The clinical data of 35 patients who underwent anatomical liver segmentectomy using RVS surgical navigation combined with indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Peking University International Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 22 males and 13 females, aged (60.0±10.0) years. RVS is real-time virtual sonography, which fuses real-time intraoperative ultrasound images with corresponding preoperative CT or MRI images to guide the surgical plane. Methods of operation, time of operation, intraoperative blood loss, operative margin, hospital stay and postoperative complications were analyzed. Postoperative complications were graded by Clavien-Dindo system. The 1-year overall survival and tumor-free survival rates of patients were followed up by outpatient or telephone review.Results:Anatomical liver segmentectomy was performed on 36 patients, including 1 patient (2.9%) of segment Ⅱ, 1 patient (2.9%) of segment Ⅲ, 5 patients (14.3%) of segment Ⅳ, 6 patients (17.1%) of segment Ⅴ, 10 patients (28.6%) of segment Ⅵ, 7 patients (20.0%) of segment Ⅶ, 4 patients (11.4%) of segment Ⅷ, and 1 patient (2.9%) of segments Ⅴ+ Ⅷ. The operation time of 35 patients was (310.2±81.6) min, with an intraoperative blood loss of [ M( Q1, Q3)] 390.0(250.0, 500.0) ml. The hospital stay was (11.6±2.1) d. There was no postoperative death. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 cases (8.6%), of which 2 cases (5.7%) were ascites, Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ; Postoperative hemorrhage occurred in 1 case (2.9%), Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ. HCC was confirmed by pathology in all cases, and the operative margins were negative. The median follow-up time was 14 months (12 to 20 months). The 1-year overall survival rate after surgery was 100.0%(35/35), three patients (8.6%) had tumor recurrence, and the 1-year tumor-free survival rate was 91.4% (32/35). Conclusion:RVS surgical navigation combined with indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology could be feasible in anatomical segmental hepatectomy for HCC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 447-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the effects of low-dose ionizing radiation on the thyroid of medical radiation workers.Methods:Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 27 articles, involving 22 937 individuals, were screened finally from relevant literature published from 1996 to 2022. Meta-analysis was carried out using Stata 16.0 for serum levels of triiodothyronine (T 3), free triiodothyronine (FT 3), thyroid hormone (T 4), free thyroid hormone (FT 4), thyrotropin-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid nodule rates. As well, subgroup analysis were carried out of thyroid function in different types of radiation workers. Results:The standardized mean difference (SMD) at T 3 and T 4 levels for radiation workers was -0.19 (-0.37, -0.01) and -0.34 (-0.38, -0.30), lower than that of control group ( Z=2.07, -16.06, P<0.05). The SMD at FT 4 levels for radiation workers was 0.22 (0.06, 0.39), higher than control group ( Z=2.61, P<0.05). The relative risk of thyroid nodules in radiation workers was 1.47 (1.19, 1.82), higher than that of control group ( Z=-3.58, P<0.05). The analysis result for subgroup showed that the SMD for T 3, T 4 and TSH levels in the interventional radiology workers were -0.29 (-0.51, -0.07), -0.31 (-0.47, -0.15) and -0.43 (-0.73, -0.13) ( Z=-2.55, -3.86, -2.82, P<0.05), respectively, and the SMD for T 4 levels in the nuclear medicine workers was -0.26 (-0.45, -0.07), which meaned a reduced risk compared to the control group ( Z=-2.70, P<0.05). Conclusions:Long-term low doses of ionising radiation may have adverse effects on thyroid hormone and thyroid nodule in radiation workers, particularly in interventional radiology workers, and attention should be focused on their radiation protection.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 702-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare 3D-printing-assisted surgery and conventional surgery in the treatment of Schazker type Ⅵ tibial plateau fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 50 patients with type Ⅵ tibial plateau fracture who had been treated from January 2019 to December 2021 at the 5 Departments of Orthopedics in The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, The First People's Hospital of Jiujiang, Pingkuang General Hospital, Ganzhou People's Hospital, and Nanchang Hongdu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their different treatment methods. In the 3D printing group of 25 cases treated by 3D-printing-assisted surgery, there were 14 males and 11 females, with an age of (42.5±9.1) years; in the conventional group of 25 cases treated by conventional surgery, there were 13 males and 12 females with an age of (42.2±9.3) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, fracture healing time, postoperative complications, the Rasmussen radiological scores and the American Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee function scores at 6 and 12 months after operation.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, indicating comparability ( P>0.05). The operation time [(125.4±10.6) min], intraoperative blood loss [(206.2±16.3) mL], intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency [(9.2±2.7) times] and fracture healing time [(3.0±0.7) months] in the 3D printing group were all significantly less than those in the conventional group [(168.2±14.1) min, (303.2±20.4) mL, (15.5±3.5) times and (4.1±0.8) months] while the Rasmussen radiological scores (17.6±1.2 and 17.9±0.6) and HSS knee scores (90.8±6.4 and 91.5±5.6) at 6 and 12 months after operation in the 3D printing group were all significantly higher than those in the conventional group (16.2±2.6 and 16.7±2.2; 84.5±9.2 and 87.6±8.0) (all P<0.05). In the 3D printing group, there were 1 case of wound infection and 1 case of wound dehiscence after operation. In the conventional group, there were 2 cases of wound skin necrosis, 3 cases of wound dehiscence, 1 case of traumatic arthritis, 2 cases of wound infection, and 1 case of screw loosening. The incidence of complications in the 3D printing group (8.0%, 2/28) was significantly lower than that in the conventional group (36.0%, 9/25) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Schatzker type VI tibial plateau fractures, compared with conventional surgery, 3D-printing-assisted surgery can lead to better curative outcomes, because it is conducive to lowering surgical difficulty, reducing postoperative complications, and promoting fracture union and functional recovery of the knee.

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