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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 49-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907032

ABSTRACT

Tumor recurrence is the main issue that affects the long-term survival of recipients after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Accurate preoperative evaluation and proper selection of transplant recipients are the key factors affecting the long-term prognosis of recipients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, C-reactive protein, platelet and fibrinogen (FIB) are major biomarkers that indicate inflammatory response of the host. Multiple studies have found that these biomarkers may not only represent the inflammatory response, but also could be integrated to predict tumor recurrence and long-term survival rate of the recipients following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. These biomarkers mainly consist of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), FIB, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), etc. In this article, research progresses on predictive effect of inflammatory biomarkers on prognosis of liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma were reviewed.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 294-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the cause of an incident of occupational contact dermatitis in a farm in Tianjin Prefecture, so as to provide insights into occupational safety.@*Methods@#The disinfection process, use of disinfectants and individual protective measures in this farm were collected, and a field epidemiological investigation was conducted to collect the demographic characteristics, history of occupational contact, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment data, and onset of disease among individuals with the same type of job. The cause of this incident was analyzed.@*Results@#There were ten interns exposed to potassium hydrogen sulfate compounds simultaneously in this farm, and then, nine interns developed skin flushing across the body, and swelling and itching of the skin. Among these ten interns, five individuals were admitted to hospitals because of severe symptoms and were then clinically diagnosed as systemic contact dermatitis. All five individuals were cured following treatments. Epidemiological survey showed that all cases had a definite history of occupational contact with potassium hydrogen sulfate compounds but without use of any protective agents. In addition, there were thirty-five individuals with the same type of job in this farm that developed similar symptoms when they joined in the disinfection for the first time, and these individuals were self-cured following cessation to contact; however, recurrence of symptoms was found following contacts again.@*Conclusion@#This is a cluster of occupational contact dermatitis caused by exposure to potassium hydrogen sulfate compound.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920367

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of subchronic inhalation of toluene diisocyanate (TDI) on the pathological changes, oxidative stress damage, and HO-1 expression levels in rat liver tissues. Methods Forty healthy 3-week-old SPF-grade Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (control group, low-dose group, medium-dose group, and high-dose group), each with 10 rats. The rats were placed in a HOPE-MED 8050A movable poison cabinet in a cage. TDI was administered to animals by inhalation at doses of 0, 3.06 mg/m3, 12.25 mg/m3, and 49.00 mg/m3, respectively, for 6 hours a day and 5 days a week, and continuously for 13 weeks. The control group was exposed to fresh air. The effect of TDI on pathological changes, oxidative stress damage and HO-1 expression in rat liver tissues was examined. Results Compared with the control group, the rats in the medium and high-dose TDI-exposed groups exhibited vacuolar changes, hepatocyte swelling, steatosis and other pathological changes. With the increase of the TDI dose, the gap between hepatocytes was widened, mitochondria were swollen and vacuolated, and mitochondrial cristae disappeared. The expression levels of HO-1 gene and protein in the liver tissues of the low, medium, and high dose groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the number of HO-1 positive cells in the low, medium and high dose groups increased and the staining increased gradually, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion TDI exposure can cause oxidative damage to rat liver tissues and induce the expression levels of HO-1 gene and protein expression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) through quantitative computed tomography (QCT).Methods:The present study included 76226 participants. Abdominal fat areas were measured using the QCT Pro Model 4 system. Cardiometabolic indices were collected, including systolic and diastolic blood pressures, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterols CMR score was the sum of abnormal blood pressure, fasting glucose, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Restricted cubic spline and ordered logistic regression models were applied.Results:The mean age was 50±13 years and the percentage of men was 58.8%. The level of VAT area was higher in men than in women (191.7±77.1 cm 2 vs 116.4±56.2 cm 2, P<0.0001 for all). After adjustment for age, the cardiometabolic indices except high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased with increasing VAT area. When VAT area was 300 cm 2, age-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of a CMR score ≥ 1 were 14.61 (13.31, 16.04) for men and 5.46 (4.06, 7.36) for women, and the age-adjusted probability of a CMR score ≥ 3 was 31.7% for men and 31.3% for women. Conclusions:QCT-derived VAT is closely related to CMR. The findings suggest that measurement of visceral fat is recommended for the management of abdominal obesity in subjects who agree to undergo lung cancer screening via low-dose CT without additional radiation exposure.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886824

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of welders' pneumoconiosis cases reported from 2001 to 2020 in Tianjin, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating prevention and control strategies for welders' pneumoconiosis. Methods A database was established based on the data of all welders' pneumoconiosis cases reported in Tianjin from 2001 to 2020,and SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results (1) From 2001 to 2020,there were 376 cases of welders' pneumoconiosis reported in Tianjin,with 356 new cases (91.05%). There were fewer progressed and death cases, which were 13 and 7 cases, respectively; (2) The number of new cases showed a trend of increasing firstly and then decreasing with the reporting year. The dust-exposure years were concentrated from 1970 to 1989,with the number of cases accounting for 69.94% of the total; (3) The median dust-exposure year of welders' pneumoconiosis new cases from 2001 to 2020 was 25.92 years. The median diagnosis age was 54.30 years old,which increased with the reporting year(F=20.23,5.13,P0.05); (5) The main industries were general and professional equipment manufacturing industry and ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry. Conclusion The incidence of new cases of welder pneumoconiosis in Tianjin is relatively low and has significantly decreased in recent five years. The age of diagnosis and length of service for dust exposure are on the rise, indicating that the incidence of pneumoconiosis among welders has been effectively controlled. However, the impact of welding fumes on workers' health cannot be ignored. The control and engineering governance should be strengthened to reduce the impact of welding fumes on workers' health, and to achieve the goal of ultimately eliminating welders' pneumoconiosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886817

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the occupational hazards of dust related enterprises in Tianjin, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating regulatory policies and effectively curbing the high incidence of pneumoconiosis. Methods The basic situation of the enterprise, the occupational health management status, and the occupational health status of the workers were described and analyzed. Results Most of the enterprises exposed to dust in Tianjin were small and micro enterprises, manufacturing enterprises and private enterprises. The reporting rate of occupational hazard items was uneven (P < 0.01). As the scale of the enterprise decreased, the comprehensive training rate of occupational health, the training rate of enterprise leaders, the training rate of occupational health management personnel, the comprehensive implementation rate of occupational hazard detection and the detection rate decreased accordingly (P < 0.01). Conclusion Tianjin should focus on the supervision of small and micro enterprises, strengthen the occupational health training of small and micro enterprises, and implement hierarchical and effective supervision for enterprises of different sizes in different regions. Meanwhile, enterprises should bear the main responsibility of occupational health, so as to ensure the continuity of occupational health management measures such as occupational hazard detection and occupational health inspection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884819

ABSTRACT

Objective:The study seeks to explore the factors influencing the psychological status and sleep quality of medical workers amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, in order to provide data sources and theoretical basis for the development of relevant psychological intervention programs.Methods:Employing the convenience sampling method, general information questionnaire (age, gender, marital status, educational background, job status, etc.), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 and Patient Health Questionnaire, epidemic stress index scale, and sleep quality questionnaire were distributed to medical staff between February 18 and April 3, 2020, using the PEM mental health care platform of by ZhongShengKaiXin for medical staff issued. Descriptive, single factor, and correlation analyses, as well as multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data.Results:Overall, 24, 845 questionnaires were collected from 23 provinces, of which 24, 687 were valid, with a recovery rate of 99.36%. The findings showed that the proportion of medical personnel with symptoms of anxiety and depression was 50.58% and 51.37%, respectively; 16.11% had poor or very poor anti-stress ability; and 71.78% reported poor or very poor sleep quality. There was a positive correlation between anxiety, depression, anti-stress ability, and sleep quality ( P<0.05). Anxiety was positively correlated with depression, stress tolerance, and sleep quality( r=0.787, 0.667, and 0.486, all P<0.001); depression was positively correlated with stress tolerance and sleep quality ( r=0.709 and 0.586, both P<0.001); and stress tolerance was positively correlated with sleep quality ( r=0.452, P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis results showed that age, gender, marital status, educational background, professional title, job status, and participation influenced the anxiety levels of medical personnel in the backdrop of the pandemic ( P<0.001). Depression levels of medical staff were influenced by gender, educational background, job position, and participation ( P<0.001), while gender, marital status, educational background, job position, and participation influenced the stress tolerance levels ( P<0.001). The sleep quality of medical workers was influenced by age, gender, job position, participation in the fight against the pandemic, and professional title ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, medical staff reported poor mental health status and sleep quality, which can be attributed to diverse factors. The research findings can be useful for assisting medical staff to strengthen their self-cognition, while also providing certain psychological counseling data and theoretical basis for management departments.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884518

ABSTRACT

Radiation pneumonia is a part of radiation-induced lung injury, and its injury and repair is a complex pathophysiological process involving with the participation and interaction among numerous cells and cytokines. Early diagnosis and treatment of radiation pneumonia can alleviate lung injury and protect lung fuction. Compared with infectious pneumonia, there is no obvious difference in symptoms and physical signs. However, the symptoms are relatively mild, the total count of white blood cells is not significantly elevated or only the classification of neutrophils is relatively high. Hormone can stimulate the increase of white blood cells, which should be delivered prior to relevant examination. CT scan is a sensitive tool to make the diagnosis of radiation pneumonia, which can be utilized for staging, guiding treatment and prognosis evaluation. The lung injury changes of radiation pneumonia on CT scan can be observed 7-10 d later than relevant symptoms. Besides symptomatic treatment, such as cough relief and phlegm elimination, hormone is the key treatment of radiation pneumonia. It is recommended to deliver long-acting dexamethasone or prednisone with an initial small dose, adjusted to effective dose according to disease condition, maintained for 3-4 weeks, and gradually reduced to avoid the recurrence of radiation pneumonia. Pulse therapy for hormone is likely to lead to insufficient or excessive dose and affect the therapeutic effect. Insufficient dose can cause the occurrence of recurrent radiation pneumonia.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influencing factors of low back pain and the relationship of the influence of bad working posture, weight load and frequency of load and the dose-response relationship among the occupational workers of key industries in China. METHODS: A total of 57 501 employees from 15 key industries in China were selected as research subjects using stratified cluster sampling method. The occurrence of low back pain in the past one year, as well as occupational factors such as job type, labor organization and work posture were investigated by using the Chinese version Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China was 16.4%(9 448/57 501). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of low back pain in females was higher than that in males(P<0.01). Married, obese, occasional and frequent smokers, and a history of lower back disease were associated with increased risk of low back pain(all P<0.05). The risk of low back pain was associated with older age, higher education level, and lower frequency of physical exercise(all P<0.01). The risk of low back pain was higher with longer working time, greater back curvature, and the high frequency of long standing and sitting position work, uncomfortable working posture, repeated operation per minute, and lifting>5 kg weight(all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The influencing factors of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China include bad working posture, high frequency load, weight load and other individual factors. There is a dose-response relationship with low back posture load and frequency of load.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820928

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of decreased air pollutants concentrations on the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Methods A prospective cohort was designed in Tianjin where the air quality gradually improved from 2014 to 2018. A total of 5 077 community residents (18-90 years old) were recruited as the baseline population from 2013 to 2014. From 2014 to 2018 follow-up was carried out year by year to observe the new incidence of T2DM in the cohort. The HR and 95%CI (95% confidence interval) were calculated with the multiple Cox proportional hazard regression model to evaluate the effect of the decrease in the concentrations of SO2, NO2, and particulate matters with diameters 10, PM2.5) on the incidence of T2DM. Results The cohort was followed up year by year from 2014 to 2018, with a cumulative follow-up of 25 385 person-years over the 5 years. At the same time, the air quality of Tianjin was significantly improved. Statistical analysis results after covariate adjustment revealed that the risk of T2DM in the population decreased by 0.172, 0.124, and 0.210 times, for a decrease of 10 μg/m3 in the annual average concentrations of SO2, PM10, and PM2.5 each, respectively (SO2:HR=0.828,95%CI=0.757-0.907;PM10:HR=0.876,95%CI=0.816-0.941;PM2.5:HR=0.790,95%CI=0.694-0.899). Conclusion The implementation of environmental protection measures to improve air pollution could reduce the risk of T2DM in the population and control the increasing prevalence.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825672

ABSTRACT

Objectives To evaluate relationship between PM2.5 exposure and the risk of lung cancer. Methods Searched Chinese literatures with cohort studies from CNKI and Wanfang databases and English literatures with cohort studies from Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science (from inception to April 2020),and the key words were “particulate matter”、“particle”、“PM2.5”、“lung cancer”、“lung carcinoma”、“lung tumor”、“lung tumour”、“lung neoplasm”、“lung adenocarcinoma”、“incidence”、“morbidity”. Used NOS to assess the quality of these studies , and used Stata 15.1 software to perform meta -analysis. Results A total of 6 articles were included.The fixed effect model was selected after heterogeneity test. (P>0.1, I2<50%)The Meta-analysis showed that the risk of lung cancer may increase for per 10 μg/m3 of PM2.5 exposure (pooled RR= 1.07, 95%CI:1.06-1.09). The results of sensitivity analysis showed that no significant changes in the combined effect were observed after excluding any study, indicating that the results of this meta-analysis were relatively stable. Conclusion The risk of lung cancer may increase with increased exposure to PM2.5 in air pollution.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development of health management (physical examination) institutions in 2018 and provide supporting data for the development of the industry.Methods:Using the method of questionnaire survey, the data of 348 health management institutions in 30 provinces in 2018, including institution scale (area, number of people served, income), Manpower (number of medical staff, number of medical staff with Graduate Education), scientific research ability and level (number of published papers, number of scientific research projects undertaken), appropriate technology application, etc., were obtained. Then according to the province and city where the institution is located and the property of ownership, the institutions were classified and their data were analyzed.Results:In 2018, the area of health management (physical examination) institutions was 3 000 (2 000, 4 434) m 2, the annual number of people served was 5.00 (3.37, 7.97) ×10 4, the annual income was 37.91 (23.91, 61.68) million yuan RMB, and the average cost of subjects was 788 (550, 1 046) yuan RMB. There was a positive correlation between the average cost of subjects and the local per capita GDP ( r=0.438, P<0.05). The top five provinces are Beijing, Zhejiang, Chongqing, Guangdong and Sichuan. The differences of number of people served, the annual income, the average cost of subjects, number of medical staff, number of medical staff with Graduate Education, number of scientific research projects undertaken, proportion of group examination in provincial capital city, prefecture city and county city were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the excellent independent private physical examination institutions and the excellent public physical examination institutions ( P>0.05) in the above indexes, but the number of excellent independent private physical examination institutions was relatively small ( n=28, 8.05%). Conclusions:In 2018, China′s health management (physical examination) institutions have a good development momentum, the service scale continues to expand, and the quality and efficiency continue to improve. However, the development of health management (physical examination) institutions is still uneven, and there are regional differences. Some excellent independent private health examination institutions are close to or reach the level of excellent public health examination institutions, but the number is still small.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the quantitative diagnostic value of controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in health checkup groups with asymptomatic nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.Methods:A multicenter prospective study was conducted among Chinese individuals undergoing regular health checkups; a total of 173 subjects were investigated. Human body indexes such as height, weight, and blood pressure were measured, and complete blood count, liver function, blood lipid, FibroScan, and MRI-PDFF examinations were performed. Correlation between MRI-PDFF and CAP was described using Spearman′s and Pearson′s coefficients. Diagnostic efficacy of the CAP was evaluated using the subject work characteristic curve and the area under this curve, and the optimal cut-off value was determined according to the Youden index.Results:The average age and body mass index of the subjects were 45.0±10.5 years and 25.8±4.0 kg/m 2, respectively. A linear correlation was found between CAP and lg transformed magnetic resonance imaging-based proton density fat fraction results (Pearson′s coefficient 0.772, P<0.001). When optimized for ≥90% sensitivity, the CAP cutoff for staging ≥S1 steatosis was 244 dB/m. Conclusions:The CAP result was significantly correlated with the liver fat fraction measured by MRI-PDFF, and capable of differentiating steatosis grades. CAP can be used as a tool for screening fatty liver in health checkup groups.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868592

ABSTRACT

Surgical resection is the most important treatment of thymoma. However, the role of postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy (PORT) has been controversial. The survival benefits of two-dimensional radiotherapy are not significant. However, precision radiotherapy has significantly changed tumor radiotherapy. The value of PORT for thymoma may also be altered. At present, the effect of radiotherapy in patients with positive surgical margins or inoperable resection is confirmed. For patients with complete surgical resection, Masaoka-Koga stage Ⅰ patients do not require PORT. Whether PORT should be given for stage Ⅱ patients remains debated if stage Ⅱ b, large volume and B2/B3 type were considered during radiotherapy. The role of PORT for stage Ⅲ patients is also in disputed, whereas a majority of findings support the application of PORT. Precision technology is recommended during PORT. The clinical target volume suggests that the three-dimensional expansion of the tumor bed is 0.5 cm, including the mediastinal pleura involved by the tumor and 0.5-1.0 cm along the anterior and posterior direction of the mediastinal pleura, the cranial and caudal direction, the lung side is expanded within the 0.5 cm, and the vascular wall around the tumor and part of the vascular space, so as to avoid including too much normal tissue. The dose for complete resection is 45-50 Gy and 54-60 Gy or slightly higher for incomplete resection, which may increase the benefits and reduce the risk of PORT.The application of new radiotherapy techniques such as particle therapy can gain the advantage of dosimetric distribution, and whether it can be transformed into clinical benefits needs to be further explored.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755104

ABSTRACT

For the treatment of early non-small cell lung cancer,surgery is still one of the most important curative treatments.Lung segment or subsegment resection under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is becoming more and more popular.With the development of radiotherapy technology,Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) has achieved the similar or the same curative effect as surgery.It has become an indisputable curative treatment for patients who can not or refuse surgery,and there are still some disputes among those who can operate.Therefore,this review will elaborate on these treatment methods in order to help update the concept and provide more treatment methods and obtain more benefits for patients.Although it is no randomized clinical trial to compare SBRT with surgery,we suggest that SBRT is the curative treatment for patients who can not or refuse surgery.Especially for the elderly,or patients with cardiopulmonary diseases,diabetes and other high-risks.SBRT should become the main treatment methods,because its curative effect is not inferior to surgery and its complications are fewer and lighter.Therefore,for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer in the early stage,it is more importent to choose individualized treatment methods so as to more benefit.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745466

ABSTRACT

Objective The present study aimed to establish a bone mineral density (BMD) reference database in China and to investigate the prevalence of osteoporosis in Chinese adults aged 50 years and older using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Method A total of 75321 examineers over 25 years old who underwent health checkups in 7 health check centers between 2008 and 2018 were included. All centers used a GE Lunar-DXA system to measure BMD of the lumbar spine (L1-L4), femoral neck, and total femur. The same European Spine Phantom (ESP) was used for scanning 10 times at every center, a regression equation was generated, and BMD data were cross-calibrated in each center. Peak BMD and standard deviation (SD) were identified according to 5-year age groups, and T scores were calculated based on the peak BMD and SD. Osteoporosis was defined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The prevalence of osteoporosis was standardized based on 2010 national census data for the Chinese population. Result The mean BMD values decreased with age, were highest in North China, followed by Northeast China, East China, and Southwest China, respectively, and increased with body mass index. Males aged 20-30 years and females aged 35-40 years had peak BMD values. Peak BMD values of the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total femur were 1.09 g/cm2, 0.97 g/cm2, and 0.97 g/cm2 in males, and 1.11 g/cm2, 0.84 g/cm2, and 0.88 g/cm2 in females, respectively. Among all scanned sites, the prevalence of osteoporosis was highest in the femoral neck in males (4.58%) and in the lumbar spine in females (23.38%). The age-standardized prevalence of osteoporosis at any site was 6.46% in males and 29.13% in females aged 50 years and older. Based on the 2010 national census data, 10879115 males and 49286542 females currently have osteoporosis. Conclusion Mean BMD values varied according to geographic region, body mass index, age group, and sex in Chinese adults. The age-standardized prevalence of osteoporosis was 6.46% in males and 29.13% in females aged 50 years and older.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of millimeter wave (MMW) exposure on apoptosis of human melanoma A375 cells and explore the mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Through electromagnetic field calculation we simulated MMW exposure in cells and calculated the specific absorption rate (SAR). The optimal irradiation parameters were determined according to the uniformity and intensity of the SAR. A375 cells were then exposed to MMV for 15, 30, 60, or 90 min, with or without pretreatment with the caspase-3 inhibitor AC-DEVD-fmk (10 μmol/L) for 1 h at 90 min before the exposure. CCK-8 assay was used to assess the changes in the viability and Annexin-V/ PI staining was used to detect the apoptosis of the cells following the exposures; Western blotting was used to detect the expression of caspase-3 in the cells.@*RESULTS@#The results of electromagnetic field calculation showed that for optimal MMV exposure, the incident field needed to be perpendicular to the bottom of the plastic Petri dish with the antenna placed below the dish. CCk-8 assay showed that MMW exposure significantly inhibited the cell viability in a time-dependent manner ( < 0.05); exposures for 15, 30, 60, and 90 min all resulted in significantly increased apoptosis of the cells ( < 0.05). The cells with MMW exposure showed significantly increased expression of caspase-3. The inhibitory effect of MMW on the cell viability was antagonized significantly by pretreatment of the cells with AC-DEVD-fmk ( < 0.05), which increased the cell viability rate from (36.7±0.09)% to (59.8±0.06)% ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#35.2 GHz millimeter wave irradiation induces apoptosis in A375 cells by activating the caspase-3 protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Electromagnetic Fields , Enzyme Activation , Humans , Magnetic Field Therapy , Melanoma , Pathology , Therapeutics , Time Factors
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805120

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control measures of silicosis by analyzing the epidemiological characteristics of silicosis cases reported in Tianjin city during 2001-2015.@*Methods@#The database of silicosis cases reported in Tianjin from 2001 to 2015 was established and analyzed by SPSS 24.0 software.@*Results@#2 213 cases of silicosis were reported during 2001~2015 in Tianjin, 2015 of them were new cases, and fewer reports of promoting stage cases and death cases, which were129 and 69 cases. The new cases were increasing by years, mainly stage I silicosis accounting for 99.2%, the years of dust exposure were concentrated from 1970 to 1989, accounting for 69.58%. From 2001 to 2015, the median length of service at the onset of silicosis was 19.30 years, the age of the onset of silicosis is decreasing. The median of onset age in new cases of silicosis was 53.28 years, and increased year by year. There were significant differences in indirect dust working age and diagnostic age in different reporting years. Most cases were distributed in non-mental mineral product industry, and ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry. The work types of these cases are various.@*Conclusion@#The increasing incidence of silicosis and the shortening of dust-exposed working years suggest that the form of silicosis hazards is still severe in Tianjin. According to the epidemic characteristics of silicosis, we should strengthen the supervision and management of key industries and special investigation, carry out silicosis census and silicosis screening of dust-removal workers, and take pertinent measures to prevent and control the occurrence of silicosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804924

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the characteristics and influencing factors of new occupational diseases in Tianjin from 2008 to 2017, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of prevention and control measures for occupational diseases in Tianjin.@*Methods@#In 2018, data on the new occupational disease in Tianjin from 2008 to 2017 were collected from the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System. Statistical analysis was performed on the basic situation, the nature of the company, and the distribution of the industry.@*Results@#A total of 5201 cases of occupational diseases were reported in Tianjin from 2008 to 2017, mainly including pneumoconiosis (92.37%) , followed by occupational poisoning (2.88%) , and the third occupational ENT disease (2.31%) . The male cases were higher than females, with a median age of 56 years and a median of 20 years of service. The most reported area was Hedong District (26.86%) . The economic type and scale of the cases belonged to state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises. The industry is mainly composed of non-metallic mineral products, and there are significant differences in the composition ratios of its economic type (χ2=19240.00, P<0.01) , enterprise size (χ2=3883.00, P<0.01) and industry (χ2=52050.00, P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#Pneumoconiosis, occupational poisoning and occupational ENT diseases are the key prevention and control occupational diseases in Tianjin city. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of occupational diseases in large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises, and to respond to occupational disease hazards in such key industries as the manufacturing industry so as to protect the health of occupational groups.

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