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1.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 369-373, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the surgical procedure and clinical effect of the free Flow-through superficial peroneal artery flap for repairing the digit injury with defect of proper palmar digital artery.Methods:From June, 2015 to December, 2019, free Flow-through superficial peroneal artery flap was used to repair the digit injury and to bridge the proper digital artery in 7 digits of 7 patients. There were 2 thumbs, 3 index fingers and 2 middle fingers. The size of defects on digits ranged from 2.5 cm×3.0 cm to 5.0 cm×7.0 cm. The defects of digit proper artery were 1.0 to 3.0 cm. The size of flaps was from 3.0 cm×3.5 cm to 5.5 cm×8.0 cm. The donor areas of the flap were directly sutured or covered with skin graft. Postoperative supportive treatments were given, such as infection prevention, antispasmodic, anticoagulant, analgesia and fluid infusion. The patients were kept in bed for 1 week after surgery. Monthly follow-up review were conducted and the patients were kept with the rehabilitation exercises under medical guidance.Results:All the patients entered postoperative followed-up for 6 to 18 months, with an average of 8 months. All flaps survived without any adverse event. All wounds achieved stage-one-healing. The flaps appeared in good colour, texture, elasticity and the plumps of the digit without obvious bloating. There was no obvious swelling and atrophy of the digits. The skin temperature was normal. According to the Standard for Evaluation of Upper Limb Function by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, 3 digits were excellent and 4 were good. There was no obvious scar at the donor site of shank. The donor site had a good appearance and the limb function was not affected.Conclusion:The free Flow-through superficial peroneal artery flap is an ideal material to repair the defect of digit with the defect of proper digital artery. It has the advantages of simple surgical procedure, reliable blood supply and satisfactory appearance. The defect of proper digit artery can be repaired at the same time of the surgical procedure. The blood supply, appearance and function of the digits could be well recovered and the donor site is not affected.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of different drying methods on the chemical constituents of Trichosanthis Fructus. Method:Trichosanthis Fructus was dried by means of air drying, sun drying, hot air drying (40, 60, 80 ℃) and variable temperature drying (50-80, 80-50 ℃). The contents of nucleosides and flavonoids in Trichosanthis Fructus peels and seeds treated by different methods were compared by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.2% acetic acid aqueous solution (3∶7) (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-15 min, 97-95%B; 15-30 min, 95%-90%B; 30-35 min, 90%-87%B; 35-40 min, 87%-86.5%B; 40-48 min, 86.5%-97%B; 48-50 min, 97%B), the detection wavelength was 260 nm, and the flow rate was 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) was used to compare the changes of volatile components in the samples treated by different treatments. The volatile components were incubated on a SE-54 capillary column (0.32 mm×30 m, 0.25 μm) at 80 ℃ and 500 r·min<sup>-1</sup> for 15 min, the injection temperature was 85 ℃, the injection volume was 400 μL, the analysis time was 35 min, carrier gas was high purity nitrogen, the flow rate of carrier gas was 2.0 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the flow rate of drift gas was 150 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, and the temperature of IMS detector was 45 ℃. Result:The contents of uridine, adenosine and adenine were higher after hot air drying at >50 ℃. Low temperature drying was conducive to maintaining the stability of cytidine, cytosine, rutin, luteolin and 2ʹ-deoxyadenosine. GC-IMS technology could realize the analysis and identification of Trichosanthis Fructus samples after different treatments. There were more volatile components after hot air drying at 80 ℃ and variable temperature drying. Conclusion:Hot air drying at 40 ℃ and 60 ℃ can retain nucleosides and flavonoids, and the volatile components are similar to those in traditional drying methods, which has the advantages of high efficient, controllable and suitable for industrial production.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886700

ABSTRACT

@#Left atrial appendage occlusion is a common procedure for patients with atrial fibrillation history when they underwent cardiac surgery. Before the LAAOS Ⅲ research results, this operation has been lacking strong evidence-based support. LAAOS Ⅲ is a prospective, double-blind, international multicenter, randomized blinded trial. According to the results of LAAOS Ⅲ, the left atrial appendage occlusion can reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism. This article will perform detailed interpretation of LAAOS Ⅲ research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a dosimetric method based on the well-chamber to verify the accuracy of the source positioning and dwelling time for the afterloading machine, aiming to provide a new method for the quality control of afterloading machine.Methods:The principle of this method was explained according to the hardware structure of the well-chamber. Then, the precision of this method was analyzed by the simulation test and data fitting. The feasibility test was also performed. And the advantages and disadvantages of this method were compared with those of the traditional method.Results:The precision of this method for detecting the source positioning was 0.07 mm and the dwelling time was 0.09 s, respectively. In the feasibility test, the standard deviation of the measure value was below 3%.Conclusions:The well-chamber method has high precision and convenient operation. It can be applied in the rapid verification of the relative accuracy of the source positioning and dwelling time of well-chamber.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 506-509,515, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the polymorphism of the (MTHFR) C677T and its correlation with the severity of hypertension in Shanxi Province.Methods:A total of 306 patients with essential hypertension from the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2017 to January 2018 were selected as subjects. The clinical data of these patients were extracted from the hospital information system. The biochemistry index, including homocysteine (Hcy) were collected from the hospital laboratory test system and the polymorphism of MTHFR C677T gene was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the severity of hypertension.Results:The frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes in patients with essential hypertension in Shanxi were 22.22%, 47.06% and 30.72. The C677T genotype and allele frequency revealed no signifcant departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the population from the Shanxi region. Compared with MTHFR 677CC, MTHFR 677CT and MTHFR 677TT genotypes could increase the severity of hypertension by 2.29-fold and 2.24-fold. Smoking, family history of hypertension , Hcy and TG were independent risk factors for increasing the severity of essential hypertension ( OR=2.04, 1.81, 1.04, 1.26). Conclusions:MTHFR C677T genotype, smoking, family history of hypertension, Hcy and triglycerides could be important genetic and high-risk factors for development of severe hypertension , which will help to identify populations at high-risk of hypertension and may facilitate the development of hypertension control strategies.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1411-1416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) gene and its associated gene mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and analyze its clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The genomic DNA-PCR method was used to detect the exon of RUNX1 gene, and the gene mutations were analyzed by genetic sequencing. NPM1, DNMT3A, FLT3-ITD, IDH1/2, K/N-RAS, CEPBA, TET2, and WT1 co-mutations were also detected. Patients were followed up to determine efficacy and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among 171 patients, the RUNX1 gene mutation was detected in 17 cases, and the mutation rate was 9.9%. The type of RUNX1 gene mutation was 9 missense mutations, 4 frameshift mutations, and 4 nonsense mutations. The peripheral blood leukocyte count of the patients in mutation group was 3 (1-101) ×10@*CONCLUSION@#AML patients with RUNX1 gene mutation shows unique clinical and biological characteristics, RUNX1 mutation can be regarded as a molecular marker of poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Mutation
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 269-276, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781574

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#China's two-child policy has led to a trend of aging in pregnancy which was associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to identify the clinically cutoff maternal age for adverse obstetric outcomes in China.@*METHODS@#This secondary analysis of a multicenter retrospective cohort study included data of childbearing women from 39 hospitals collected in urban China during 2011 to 2012. Logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of adverse outcomes in different age groups in comparison to women aged 20 to 24 years. The adjustments included the location of the hospital, educational level, and residence status. Clinically cutoff age was defined as the age above which the aOR continuously become both statistically (P  2) significant.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 108,059 women were recruited. In primiparae, clinically cutoff maternal ages for gestational diabetes (aOR: 2.136, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.856-2.458, P < 0.001), placenta previa (aOR: 2.400, 95% CI: 1.863-3.090, P < 0.001), cesarean section (aOR: 2.511, 95% CI: 2.341-2.694, P < 0.001), hypertensive disorder (aOR: 2.122, 95% CI: 1.753-2.569, P < 0.001), post-partum hemorrhage (aOR: 2.129, 95% CI: 1.334-3.397, P < 0.001), and low birth weight (aOR: 2.174, 95% CI: 1.615-2.927, P < 0.001) were 27, 31, 33, 37, 41, and 41 years, respectively. In multiparae, clinically cutoff ages for gestational diabetes (aOR: 2.977, 95%CI: 1.808-4.904, P < 0.001), hypertensive disorder (aOR: 2.555, 95% CI: 1.836-3.554, P < 0.001), cesarean section (aOR: 2.224, 95% CI: 1.952-2.534, P < 0.001), post-partum hemorrhage (aOR: 2.140, 95% CI: 1.472-3.110, P < 0.001), placenta previa (aOR: 2.272, 95% CI: 1.375-3.756, P < 0.001), macrosomia (aOR: 2.215, 95% CI: 1.552-3.161, P < 0.001), and neonatal asphyxia (aOR: 2.132, 95% CI: 1.461-3.110, P < 0.001) were 29, 31, 33, 35, 35, 41, and 41 years, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early cutoff ages for gestational diabetes and cesarean section highlight a reasonable childbearing age in urban China. The various optimized cutoff ages for different adverse pregnancy outcomes should be carefully considered in childbearing women.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.@*Methods@#The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. 31 patients with a mean age (63.1±4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71±173.15)ng/ml were enrolled. Their BMI mean (24.6±3.0)kg/m2. Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72±1.64)ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification, all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases, grade 2in 7 cases, grade 3 in 4 cases, grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases. The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage, 2 cases in T2b stage, 17 cases in T2c stage, 1 case in T3a stage, 4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage. SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians. SUVmax was 12.49±9.38. SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.@*Results@#The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases, negative in 12 cases, vascular positive in 5 cases, negative in 20 case, positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases. 2 patients were low risk, 7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D′Amico classification. Based on the basis of PSA(≤10 or>10) and Gleason score(≤6 or>6), 6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score, 5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score, 9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score, 11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score. SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP(r=0.434, P=0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli(14.78±10.68 vs. 8.17±2.81, P=0.005). No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA, testosterone, pathologic T stage, surgical margin, nerve invasion, pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification. SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P=0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%. The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax≥11.34. SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01±5.40 vs. 4.98±2.11, P=0.007).@*Conclusions@#SUVmax measured on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798781

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the feasibility of using the PTW729 2D array ion-chamber to verify the relative dose distribution calculated with the Acuros BV algorithm. Both advantages and disadvantages of the method were analyzed to provide reference for practical clinical practices.@*Methods@#Based on self-built measurement phantoms, the dose distribution on the same slice of the phantom was measured with PTW729 and film, respectively, under the same measurement condition and plan. The dose distributions obtained by the two method were compared with the result calculated with Acuros BV, separately, by using γ analytical tool. And the stability of the PTW729 was tested.@*Results@#The γ comparison value was 95.9% between the film and Acuros BV, 98.9% between the PTW729 and Acuros BV and 88.0% between the film and PTW729, with 95.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0%, in their stability test respectively.@*Conclusions@#PTW729 2D array ion-chamber can be applied to the rapid verification of Acuros BV algorithm-calculated relative dose distribution.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872765

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-tumor effect mechanism of atractylenolide Ⅱ by studying its effect on macrophage polarization. Method:Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) was used to induce THP-1 cells differentiation into macrophages, and methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide(MTT)colorimetric assay was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of atractylenolide Ⅱ on macrophage growth at different time points to screen out the safe concentration of atractylenolide Ⅱ. The macrophages were treated with different concentrations of atractylenolide Ⅱ for 24 hours and then were co-cultured with gastric cancer cells. The survival of the two types of cells was observed under light microscope. The proliferation of gastric cancer cells was detected by MTT assay to determine the effective administration concentrations of atractylenolide Ⅱ. Cells were divided into blank group, model group, atractylenolide Ⅱ high dose group (200 mg·L-1), atractylenolide Ⅱ medium dose group (100 mg·L-1), and atractylenolide Ⅱ low dose group(50 mg·L-1). Wound healing assay was carried out to observe the effects of different concentrations of atractylenolide Ⅱ on the migration and morphology of gastric cancer cells. The expression levels of M1 and M2 macrophage surface markers CD86 and CD206 were detected by flow cytometry analysis(FCM). Quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)and Western blot were used to detect M1, M2 macrophage-associated tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α, human leukocyte antigen 2 (HLA-DRA), CD80, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, interleukin (IL) -10 and IL-6 genes and protein expression. Western blot was used to detect intracellular phosphatidyl inositol kinase (PI3K) and p-PI3K protein expression in macrophages. Result:When the concentration of atractylenolide Ⅱ was 1, 10, 50, 100, 200 mg·L-1, it showed no inhibition on macrophage growth. As compared with the model group, macrophages treated with 50, 100, 200 mg·L-1 atractylenolide Ⅱ significantly inhibited tumor cell proliferation (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the migration rate of tumor cells in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200,100 mg·L-1) groups decreased (P<0.05). The expression levels of CD86 on M1 macrophage surfacen in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200,100,50 mg·L-1) groups were increased(P<0.05,P<0.01), and the expression levels of CD206 on M2 macrophagen in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200 mg·L-1) group were decreased (P<0.05). The expression levels of M1 macrophage-associated cytokines TNF-α, HLA-DRA, CD80 mRNA in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200,100 mg·L-1) groups were increased(P<0.05,P<0.01), and TNF-α protein expression in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200 mg·L-1) group was increased (P<0.05), M2 type macrophage-associated cytokine TGF-β mRNA expression levels in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (50 mg·L-1) group were decreased, and IL-10, IL-6 protein expression levels in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200 mg·L-1) group were decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The expression levels of p-PI3K protein in the atractylenolide Ⅱ (200,100 mg·L-1) groups were also decreased(P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:Atractylenolide Ⅱ could induce the polarization of macrophages to M1 type by reducing the expression of p-PI3K in macrophages and inhibiting the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 153-156, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869616

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma is one of the common malignant tumors in genitourinary cancer.20%-30% of patients have distant metastases.However,current biomarkers used for diagnosis,recurrence monitoring,and prognosis assessment are still uncertain.Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that are detached from the primary tumor or metastases,and invade and presenting in peripheral blood vessels.Therefore,CTCs is regarded as a key step in the process of tumor metastasis.However,current studies on CTCs of renal cell carcinoma are facing with problems such as inconsistent detection methods and limited clinical applications.This article reviews the progress in the detection and clinical application of CTCs of renal cell carcinoma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869584

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.Methods The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed.31 patients with a mean age (63.1 ± 4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71 ± 173.15) ng/ml were enrolled.Their BMI mean (24.6 ± 3.0) kg/m2.Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72 ± 1.64) ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification,all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases,grade 2in 7 cases,grade 3 in 4 cases,grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases.The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage,2 cases in T2b stage,17 cases in T2c stage,1 case in T3a stage,4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage.SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians.SUVmax was 12.49 ± 9.38.SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.Results The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases,negative in 12 cases,vascular positive in 5 cases,negative in 20 case,positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases.2 patients were low risk,7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D'Amico classification.Based on the basis of PSA(≤ 10 or > 10) and Gleason score (≤6 or > 6),6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score,5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score,9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score,11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score.SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP (r =0.434,P =0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli (14.78 ± 10.68 vs.8.17 ± 2.81,P =0.005).No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA,testosterone,pathologic T stage,surgical margin,nerve invasion,pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification.SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P =0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%.The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax ≥ 11.34.SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01 ± 5.40 vs.4.98 ± 2.11,P =0.007).Conclusions SUVmax measured on preoperative 68 Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 837-844, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Tumor microenvironment is a complex and dynamic community, which plays a crucial role in tumor progression via the co-evolution of cancer cells and tumor stroma. Among them, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and tumor neo-vessels are two key components in the tumor microenvironment during cancer invasion. In addition, programmed cell death ligand 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) also plays an important role in tumorigenesis and development, and the clinical strategies to block PD-1/PD-L1 pathway could have great benefits for cancer patients. This study was aimed at analyzing the quantitative expression and prognostic significance of TAMs, tumor neo-vessels and PD-L1 in tumor microenvironment and exploring the relations between the expression of above components with the patients' prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#Clinico-pathological data and surgical specimens of 92 patients with NSCLC were collected, and immunohistochemistry was used to stain the expression of TAMs, tumor neo-vessels and PD-L1 on tumor tissue and peri-tumor tissues. The inverted microscopy was used to take pictures and Image-pro Plus 6.0 software was used for quantitative analysis. The clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS) were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median OS of 92 NSCLC cases was 22.5 month. The expression of TAMs, tumor neo-vessels and PD-L1 in tumor tissue and peri-tumor tissues were not statistically significant (P>0.05). According to the cutoff of above key three components in tumor microenvironment, all the cases could be classified into high, middle and low expression groups. The survival analysis demonstrated that the OS in high expression group of TAMs (P=0.016) and PD-L1 (P=0.002) was shorter than the other two groups, respectively, with statistical significance. The OS in high tumor neo vessels group was shorter than the other two groups. However, there was no statistical significance between these three group (P=0.626). Combined with above the three components, all the cases could be classified into low, middle and high density groups. The survival analysis demonstrated that the median OS of combined high density group was shorter than the other two groups (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis by Cox regression indicated that pathological type, TAMs and PD-L1 expression were the independent prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The key components of TAMs and PD-L1 in tumor microenvironment are closely related to the prognosis of NSCLC patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828075

ABSTRACT

Steroidal saponins, which are the characteristic and main active constituents of Polygonatum, exhibit a broad range of pharmacological functions, such as regulating blood sugar, preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and anti-tumor. In this study, we performed RNA sequencing(RNA-Seq) analysis for the flowers, leaves, roots, and rhizomes of Polygonatum cyrtonema using the BGISEQ-500 platform to understand the biosynthesis pathway of steroidal saponins and study their key enzyme genes. The assembly of transcripts for four tissues generated 129 989 unigenes, of which 88 958 were mapped to several public databases for functional annotation, 22 813 unigenes were assigned to 53 subcategories and 64 877 unigenes were annotated to 136 pathways in KEGG database. Furthermore, 502 unigenes involved in the biosynthesis pathway of steroidal saponins were identified, of which 97 unigenes encoding 12 key enzymes. Cycloartenol synthase, the first key enzyme in the pathway of phytosterol biosynthesis, showed conserved catalytic domain and substrate binding domain based on sequence analysis and homology modeling. Differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were identified in rhizomes as compared to other tissues(flowers, leaves or roots).The 2 437 unigenes annotated by KEGG showed rhizome-specific expression, of which 35 unigenes involved in the biosynthesis of steroidal saponins. Our results greatly extend the public transcriptome dataset of Polygonatum and provide valuable information for the identification of candidate genes involved in the biosynthesis of steroidal saponins and other important secondary metabolites.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Gene Expression Profiling , Polygonatum , Saponins , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcriptome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of the expression alteration of Tim-3 with the T cell and B cell dysfunction in peripheral blood of multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#30 patients diagnosed as MM from October 2016 to October 2018 were selected and enrolled in MM group, and 30 healthy persons whose sex and age was matched with the MM patients were selected and enrolled in healthy control group (HC). The blood samples from MM patients and HC were collected, and the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were separated by density gradient centrifugation, then the serum was kept for further study. The ratios of CD3CD4Tim-3T cells, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells and the CD19+CD20-CD38+B cells were analysed by flow cytometry (FCM),and the concentration of T cell-related cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-αand B cell-related antibodies IgA, IgM and IgG were measured by ELISA. At the same time, the differences of the ratios of CCD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells and plasmablast and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG between the MM patient and HC were estimated, and the correlation of the ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells with the ratio of plasmablast and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG in MM patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells increased in MM patients, while the ratio of CD19+CD20- CD38+B cells and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG decreased in MM patients. And there was a negative correlation of the ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T cells with CD19+CD20-CD38+B cells and the concentration of IFN-γ, IgA, IgM and IgG in MM patients, while the ratio of CD3CD8Tim-3T cells just negatively correlated with the concentration of TNF-α.@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of Tim-3 on CD4 and CD8 cells elevates in the peripheral blood of MM patients, which also correlates with the function suppression of T and B cells.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Metabolism , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Multiple Myeloma
17.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 482-486, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821878

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveGut microbiota plays an important role in Parkinson′s disease, but the mechanisms behind this remain unknown. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of intestinal microbiota in patients with Parkinson′s disease, and to study the changes of intestinal Prevotella_copri and their role in this disease.Methods The study was carried out in 46 patients with Parkinson′s disease and their spouses. The spouse has been living with the patient for a long time, not suffering from any disease. Fecal samples from all subjects were collected using sterile containers. The bacterial DNA was extracted on ice following the Kit protocol. We used the BGISEQ-500 high-throughput sequencing platform to conduct metagenomic shotgun sequencing, to explore the changes of patients′ intestinal microbiota through bioinformatics, and to analyze the function and role of differential microorganisms in disease.ResultsCompared to healthy spouse, the gut microbiota of patients with Parkinson′s disease was significantly changed, which was characterized by decreased Prevotellaceae and Prevotella_copri, but by significantly elevated Bacteroides_stercoris and Escherichia_coli. Prevotella_copri was decreased with age increasing. The correlation analysis showed a significantly negative correlation between the abundance of Prevotella_copri and age, H-Ystage, UPDR total score, and UPDRS Ⅲ score. Results of the random forest model indicated five items including Prevotella_copri had good predictive value for the disease. The functional analysis stated pathways associated with super-pathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis, 4-aminobutanoate degradation. The glucose-1-phosphate degradation and methyl phosphonate degradation significantly increased in patients, while pathways associated with aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, chorismate biosynthesis, thiamin formation, and pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage significantly decreased. Pathways of Prevotella_copri were mainly concentrated in UMP biosynthesis, S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle, and guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis.ConclusionStructural composition and metabolic functions of gut microbiota were significantly changed in patients with Parkinson′s disease. Prevotella_copri plays an important role in the occurrence and progression of the disease and can be used as a potential biomarker for Parkinson′s disease.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868401

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility of using the PTW729 2D array ion-chamber to verify the relative dose distribution calculated with the Acuros BV algorithm.Both advantages and disadvantages of the method were analyzed to provide reference for practical clinical practices.Methods Based on self-built measurement phantoms,the dose distribution on the same slice of the phantom was measured with PTW729 and film,respectively,under the same measurement condition and plan.The dose distributions obtained by the two method were compared with the result calculated with Acuros BV,separately,by using γ analytical tool.And the stability of the PTW729 was tested.Results The γ comparison value was 95.9% between the film and Acuros BV,98.9% between the PTW729 and Acuros BV and 88.0% between the film and PTW729,with 95.0%,i00.0%,and 100.0%,in their stability test respectively.Conclusions PTW729 2D array ion-chamber can be applied to the rapid verification of Acuros BV algorithm-calculated relative dose distribution.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different intensity intermittent exercise on the body function of obese rats, and to provide basis for the prevention and treatment of obesity.@*METHODS@#Eighty SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (n=20) and high-fat diet group (n=60). After adaptive feeding for 8 weeks, 8 normal diet rats and 32 high-fat obese rats were selected for follow-up experiments. The experimental rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8): control diet-sedentary (CS),with ordinary feed and without any exercise; high diet-sedentary (HS), with high-fat feed feeding and without any exercise; high diet-continual exercise(HC), 60 min/day,5 days/week with 6 weeks; high diet-long time-low frequency interval exercise(HLL), 30 min/time,twice/day (intermittent 6 h), 5 days/week with 6 weeks; high diet-short time-high frequency interval exercise(HSH), 20 min/ time, 3 times/d (intermittent 3 h), 5 days/week with 6 weeks. The training intensity of rats in each exercise group was 25 m/min. After 6 weeks, rats in each groups were weighed, and resting metabolic rate(RMR), fasting blood glucose(FBG), triglyceride(TG) and other biochemical indexes were detected, and fat and muscle weight were measured.@*RESULTS@#Before experiment, there were no significant differences in RMR, FBG and TG in each groups(P>0.05).The body weight of HSH, HLL, HC and HS groups was higher than that of CS group (P<0.05). After the experiment, RMR of the HSH,HLL and HC groups was significantly higher than that of HS and CS groups (P<0.05), but without significant difference among the HSH,HLL and HC groups (P>0.05).The body weight of HSH, HLL and HC groups was significantly lower than that of HS group (P<0.05), but the three groups was not significant (P>0.05); perirenal fat(PF), idymis fat(EF), perirenal fat/weight(PF/W) and epididymis fat/weight(EF/W) of HSH, HLL, HC group were significantly lower than those of HS group (P<0.01), while there was no statistical difference among the three groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in gastrocnemius(GM) and quadricep(QF) of each group (P>0.05), gastrocnemius/weight(GM/W) and quadriceps/weight (QF/W) in HSH,HLL and HC groups were higher than those of HS group (P<0.05),while there was no significant difference among HSH,HLL and HC groups (P>0.05);FEB,TG of HSH,HLL,HC group were lower than those of CS and HS group (P<0.05),but the difference with HS group was more significant (P<0.01),there was no significant difference among training groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#6 weeks of intermittent exercise of different intensity had a good intervention effect on the body composition of obese rats, and high diet-short time-high frequency interval exercise (HSH) may be more effective.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Composition , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat , Male , Obesity , Therapeutics , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1196-1200, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relation of circulating follicular helper T cell (c Tfh) changes with B cell dysfunction in MDS patients.@*METHODS@#20 patients diagnosed as MDS from Auguct 2015 to October 2017 were enrolled in MDS group, and 20 healthy valuntears matching in age and sex were enrolled in healthy control (HC) group. The perepheral blood in 2 groups were collected, the mononuclear cells (PBMC) from which were isolated by densily gradient contrifugation, at the same time, the serum left in isolation process was reserved for further study. The flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of cTfh such as CD4CXCR5 T cells and its subset CD4CXCR5ICOS T cells, CD4CXCR5PD-1 T cells in PBMC, as well as the ratio of plasmablast CD19CD20CD38 B cells. The ELISA was used to detect the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG. The differences in ratio of cTfh cells and plasmablast B cells, as well as the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG between MDS and HC groups were compared, at the same time, the correlation of cTfh cell ratio with the plasmablast B cell ratio and the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG in MDS patient was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4CXCR5T, CD4CXCR5ICOST cells and CD19CD20CD38B cells and the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG decreased in MDS patients, while the ratio of CD4CXCR5PD-1T cells increased in MDS patients. The ratio of CD4CXCR5T cells, CD4CXCR5ICOST cells positively correlated with the ratio of CD19CD20CD38B cells, as well as with the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG in MDS patients. However, the ratio of CD4CXCR5PD-1T cells negatively correlated with the ratio of CD19CD20CD38B cells, as well as with the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG.@*CONCLUSION@#The ratio of circulating Tfh cells and their subsets showed significant changes, that correlate with B cell dysfunction in MDS patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interleukins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Plasma Cells , Receptors, CXCR5 , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
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