Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis value of the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP), pediatrics end-stage liver disease/model for end-stage liver disease(PELD/MELD) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores in pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) at 28 th day. Methods:Fifty-four PALF patients admitted in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and Infection Department of Pediatrics, Qingdao Women′s and Children′s Hospital from June 1, 2012 to June 1, 2019 were included in the study.According to the survival of PALF patients on the 28 th day, they were divided into the survival group (28 cases) and the death group (26 cases). Baseline characte-ristics and laboratory examination data of PALF patients in both groups were collected and compared.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the prognostic value of CTP, PELD/MELD and SOFA scores in PALF. Results:The mortality rate of 54 PALF patients was 48.1%.Compared with the survival group, PALF patients in the death group were significantly younger than those in survival group [11.0(3.8-39.0) months vs.14.5(7.3-84.0) months]( Z=-2.145, P=0.020). In addition, CTP, PELD/MELD and SOFA scores were significantly higher in the death group than those in survival group [14.0(11.7-15.0) vs.9.0(7.0-10.0), 32.0(29.0-36.0) vs.25.0(22.0-26.0), 13.0(11.0-16.0) vs.6.0(4.0-7.0)]( Z=-5.095, -4.894, -5.502, all P<0.05). Serum lactate level, blood ammonia level, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin and international normalized ratio were significantly higher in the death group than those in survival group [3.4(2.1-5.3) mmol/L vs.1.5(0.8-2.3) mmol/L, 69.5(46.9-102.9) μmol/L vs.41.7(27.3-50.3) μmol/L, 173.0(97.0-237.2) μmol/L vs.71.9(62.0-136.9) μmol/L, 132.3(53.6-206.2)μmol/L vs.59.3(62.0-99.7) μmol/L, 2.6(1.8-3.5) vs.1.7(1.5-1.9)]( Z=-4.027, -3.220, -2.649, -2.648, -3.807, all P<0.05). Prothrombin time (PT) was significantly prolonged in the death group than that of survival group [27.5(19.2-41.9)s vs.17.8(16.9-22.2)s]( Z=-3.489, P<0.05). Compared with those of survival group, serum albumin, alanine transaminase (ALT) and alpha fetoprotein (AFP) levels were significantly lower in the death group [(30.9±1.0) g/L vs.(33.6±0.9) g/L, 379.2(163.3-880.3) U/L vs.962.5(457.0-1 657.3) U/L, 7.5(0.7-115.8) μg/L vs.22.1(7.9-91.3) μg/L]( t=2.049, Z=-2.510, -2.342, respectively, all P<0.05). The incidence of alimentary tract hemorrhage was significantly higher in the death group than that of survival group (22/26 cases vs.11/28 cases)( χ2=13.340, P<0.05). The cut-off value of CTP, PELD/MELD and SOFA scores in predicting the prognosis of PALF were 11.5, 28.5 and 10.0, respectively.Among the three scoring systems, the specificity and positive predictive value of SOFA scores remained the highest.The sensitivity and specific of a combination of three scoring systems in predicting the prognosis of PALF were 92.3% and 89.3%, respectively, and its Youden index was the highest than that of a single scoring of either CTP, PELD/MELD or SOFA ( Z=2.19, P<0.05). Conclusions:CTP, PELD/MELD and SOFA scores have high predictive value for the short-term prognosis of PALF.The combined detection of the three scoring systems can improve the forecasting efficiency of PALD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 115-118, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514303

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of neonatal sepsis caused by gram positive (G +) bacteria,gram negative (G+) bacteria and fungi.Method Clinical data of 202 neonates with sepsis hospitalized from Jan.2012 to May.2015 were studied.According to the different pathogens,202 neonates were divided into gram positive bacteria group,gram negative bacteria group and fungi group.The general information,clinical manifestation,laboratory examination and treatment outcome of the three groups were analysed with Chi square analysis,LSD,Fisher exact probability tests.Result A total of 202 cases of neonatal sepsis were recruited.The detection rate of gram positive bacteria,gram negative bacteria and fungi was 35.2% (71 cases),56.4% (114 cases) and 8.4% (17 cases),respectively.Comparing with gram negative group and fungi group,gram positive group had older gestational age (36.0 ± 3.8 w,compared with gram negative 33.0 ± 3.9 w,fungi group 31.2 ± 3.2 w,P < 0.05),larger birth weight (2 620 ± 925 g compared with gram negative group 1 999 ± 849 g,fungi group 1 595 ± 666 g,P < 0.05),lower nosocomial infection rate (29.6% compared with gram negative group 70.2%,fungi group 94.1%,P <0.05),lower rate of shock,blood glucose disturbance and thrombocytopenia (P < 0.05).There was no statistics difference between the gram negative group and fungi group.Comparing with the other two groups,fungi group was older [20.0 (11.5,39.5) d compared with gram positive group 7.0 (2.0,17.0) d,and gram negative 10.0 (6.0,18.2) d,P < 0.05].The rate of deep venous catheterization in fungi group was higher than that in gram positive group and gram negative group (88.2% compared with gram positive group 25.4%,gram negative group 40.4%,P <0.05).The treatment course of fungi group was longer than that of the gram positive group and gram negative group [22.0 (12.0,37.5) d compared with the gram positive group 14.0 (10.0,17.0) d,gram negative group 14.0 (11.0,18.0) d,P <0.05].The incidence of apnea in the gram negative group was higher than that in gram positive group and fungi group (P < 0.05).The rate of leukocytosis,leukocytopenia and elevated CRP were higher in gram negative and gram positive group (P < 0.05).Conclusion The clinical manifestations and laboratory examinations in neonatal sepsis caused by different pathogens were different,which can help to early identification of different pathogenic infections.However,there is no specific indicators to differentiate neonatal sepsis caused by different pathogens.Early identification of the pathogen needs clinical acumen.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL