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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and analyze the patient experience of residents contracted with primary medical institutions, for providing a basis for improving quality of contracted family doctor services.Methods:Using the Chinese version of the primary care assessment tools(PCAT), a household survey was conducted on 1 400 contracted residents in 9 community health service centers and 9 township health centers in a city from May to June 2020, and their medical experience in primary medical institutions was statistically analyzed. At the same time, interviews were conducted with institutional managers and family doctors. Descriptive statistics and one-way ANOVA were used for data analysis.Results:1 333 valid questionnaires were collected, and the effective recovery rate was 95.2%.The total PCAT scoring was 25.17. Seven dimensions of first contact, continuous, coordination, comprehensiveness, patient and family centered, community-oriented and cultural competence scored in average 3.57, 3.68, 3.54, 3.40, 3.72, 3.67 and 3.59 respectively.372 people(47.1%) had not been referred by the contracted institution before going to the superior hospital or specialized hospital. There were significant differences in the scores of four core dimensions in different types of institutions, age, education level, occupation and income( P<0.001). Conclusions:Given the initial progress of contracted family doctor services in the city, there is still room for improvement. It is suggested to further improve the comprehensiveness, coordinationand accessibility of services, and promote the high-quality development of contracted family doctor services.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of medical preventive integration at primary medical institutions, analyze the problems of medical prevention integration, and put forward optimization suggestions.Methods:From June to July 2020, 169 primary medical institutions in a city were selected as the survey objects to conduct a questionnaire survey on the basic information of institutions and the evaluation indicators of medical preventive integration. The evaluation index system of medical preventive integration was divided into a factual survey and a sensory survey. In addition, 32 relevant personnel were interviewed on the current situation of medical preventive integration at primary medical institutions. The reliability and validity of the data were tested and analyzed, while descriptive analysis and classification extraction analysis were carried out.Results:The reliability and validity analysis proved the data reliability. The factual survey extracted three common factors, namely organization management, performance appraisal distribution and information management. The sensory survey extracted two common factors, namely working mode and personnel training. In terms of organization, management and working methods, the degree of medical preventive integration was low. Among them, 53.8% of the institutions had formulated the medical preventive integration norms, and only 41.4% of them had shared residents′ health information in time.Conclusions:The degree of medical preventive integration of primary medical institutions in the city still need to be improved. In the future, we should strengthen the top-level design, establish the norms and cooperation mechanism of medical preventive integration, improve the awareness of medical preventive integration of medical personnel, improve the information level, and to build a new service model integrating disease prevention, medical treatment and health management.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the willingness of contracted residents to renew the family doctor contract service in Shandong Province, and to explore its influencing factors.Methods:From July to August 2020, 1 500 contracted residents in 3cities of Shandong Province were investigated by questionnaire survey.Descriptive statistical analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and binary logistic regression model were used to analyze the contracted residents′ cognition, utilization, satisfaction evaluation and renewal intention of family doctor contract service. Results:1 445 valid questionnaires were obtained, of which 682(47.2%)were willing to renew their contracts.The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that marital status, educational level, time to see a doctor in contracted institutions, optimism about the development prospect of contracted service policy, whether the proportion of medical insurance reimbursement increased after signing the contract, whether follow-up work was carried out on time, satisfaction with family doctor service attitude and satisfaction with the effect of disease treatment were factors affecting the willingness of contracted residents to renew the contract.Conclusions:The contracted residents in Shandong Province have a high willingness to renew their contracts. On the basis of consolidating and improving the policy cognition and confidence of the contracted residents, we should actively optimize and improve the contracted service quality, ensure the sense of service access of contracted residents, and continuously and effectively realize the comprehensive promotion of the contracted services of family doctors.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cognition and willingness of family physicians on contracted service, and to explore the implementation obstacles and feasible strategies of implementing contracted service of family physicians from the perspective of suppliers.Methods:From July to October 2020, 850 family physicians in community health service centers or township health centers in three cities of Shandong Province were investigated by questionnaire survey and key person interview. Descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression model were used to analyze the willingness of family physicians to provide contracted service. Through questionnaire survey and key person interview, the implementation obstacles and service optimization strategies of family physicians were discussed.Results:791 valid questionnaires were obtained, of which 688(87.0%) approved the implementation of family physician contract service, and 679(85.8%) expressed willingness to provide family physician contract service. Marital status, recognition of service policy, satisfaction of service operation effect, optimistic degree of service development prospect and residents′ first choice of illness were the factors influencing family physician′s service willingness.Conclusions:We should effectively improve the family doctor′s service intention and promote the efficient and orderly implementation of family doctor′s contract service policy through enriching policy supporting measures, innovating the application of " Internet plus" , increasing personnel training, optimizing performance appraisal work and creating favorable public opinion environment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798668

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To define the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability.@*Methods@#On the basis of document analysis, Delphic method was used to consult and argument the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability from October 2015 to November 2015.@*Results@#Twenty and 16 specialists were consulted in two rounds of the consulting. According to these consultations, the acceptance rate of the specialists for the seven consulting units increased from 74.29% to 93.16%.@*Conclusions@#The vulnerability of village doctors was identified, as a status in which their self-ability and support against their exterior environment could not to cope with the disturbances they faced, while the vulnerability was co-determined by disturbance and response ability of village doctors.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cognition and willingness of nursing staff to Internet plus nursing service, and analyze the related factors that affect their participation in Internet plus nursing service.Methods:From April to May 2019, 150 nurses from three hospitals in Weifang were investigated by questionnaire and key person interview. Descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the intention of nursing staff to participate in Internet plus nursing service. The interview mode was used to analyze the appropriate mode of Internet plus nursing service from the perspective of nursing staff.Results:142 valid questionnaires were obtained, of which 137(96.5%)indicated willingness to provide Internet plus nursing services, and 135(95.1%) realized the necessity of the service. Education, marriage, nurses′judgment on the necessity of the service and their own subjective judgment of their competence were the factors affecting nurses′ participation in the Internet plus nursing service.Conclusions:Multiple factors affect the choice of nursing staff′s behavior in Internet plus nursing service.From the perspective of nursing staff, the Internet plus nursing service mode needs joint efforts from many aspects.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To define the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability.Methods:On the basis of document analysis, Delphic method was used to consult and argument the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability from October 2015 to November 2015.Results:Twenty and 16 specialists were consulted in two rounds of the consulting. According to these consultations, the acceptance rate of the specialists for the seven consulting units increased from 74.29% to 93.16%.Conclusions:The vulnerability of village doctors was identified, as a status in which their self-ability and support against their exterior environment could not to cope with the disturbances they faced, while the vulnerability was co-determined by disturbance and response ability of village doctors.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735129

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the motives and tactics of township health centers ( THC) to participate in the countywide medical communities of Shandong province. Methods Such tools as the new institutionalism, rational choice and social network theories, as well as the constituent ratios and Pearson correlation coefficient of data were used in a survey in August 2018 with managers of 264 THCs in Shandong. It aimed to learn from the respondents their motives, tactics, and behaviors to participate in such communities. Results Theoretical analysis of the results found that their participation was bound by both institutional environment and technical environment. For example, compliance tactics, accompanied by efficiency, was adopted to cope with stress from institutional environment. Exploratory tactics, accompanied by legitimacy, was adopted to cope with stress from technical environment. The figures showed 87. 5% of 264 THCs investigated participated in such communities, and their main motives were in turn to follow government requests (86. 1% ) and to seek development opportunities (69. 7% ). The critical criteria of partner selection were in turn technological level (83. 5% ) and matching of resources (77. 9% ). Of 231 THCs which participated in the communities, 95. 2% joined in countywide medical communities, and 28. 6% participated in other forms of medical alliances. Conclusions THCs showed high organizational convergence in their participation, and adopted diversified strategies of participation in medical alliance.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735128

ABSTRACT

The policy model of G. C. Edwards was used to study the policies on building a countywide medical community ( CMC), and identify problems in such aspects as policy communication, resources, disposition and bureaucratic structure. The analysis found that enriching health resources at primary level and powerful government support are creating ideal environment for the construction of CMC. But due to its preliminary development, rooms of improvement of its policy design, and unclear enforcement standards, there appear behavioral polarizations at local health authorities. For example, some are proactive to explore and accumulate rich experiences, while the most take a wait and see stand, or even take administrative means to cope with their authorities by forming medical communities in form only. A small part of county hospitals, thanks to support from the government and inherent conditions, take active measures in this direction as policy frontrunners. On the other hand, most county hospitals prefer to be policy followers in order to avoid cost and risks of the reform. In the worst cases, a few county hospitals have become free riders of the policy, and attempt to take advantages of their primary health institutions. Primary health institutions warmly embrace CMC, but their limited service capability constitutes roadblocks in CMC construction. What is more, poor communication and collaboration mechanisms among systems and authorities hinder the effective policy synergy and health service integration of CMS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756685

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the implementation effects of China′s contracted service policy for family physicians. Methods Systematic evaluation method was used to extract, describe and analyze the literature information of the research on the implementation effect of family physicians contracted service policy. Results A total of 80 papers of four types were rounded up, including 47 on the effect of health management on patients with chronic diseases, 11 on the effect of health management on the elderly, 15 on the effect on the first diagnosis in the community, and 7 on the effect on the control of medical expenses.The research is mostly distributed in the developed areas in the east. The family physicians contracted service promotes the health management effect of patients with chronic diseases and the elderlies, improves the first visit ratio of residents at their community, and effectively controls the medical expenses.Existing research shows that such a service has achieved initial success.However, the research also identified such common problems as the shortage and low competence of family physicians, low quality, resource integration and inadequate policy publicity. Conclusions The contracted service policy in China has begun to play the role of " health gatekeeper" and " cost gatekeeper" to some extent.It is suggested to strengthen the training of general practitioners, establish and perfect incentive mechanism, and improve the construction of information platform, while the implementation effect of contracted services for family physicians deserve further study in a broader scope, deeper level and design specifications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756684

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the policy texts related to the contracted service of family physicians, and probe into the key points and existing problems of the policy in the process of promoting the contracted service of family physicians in China, for the purpose of providing references for the optimization and perfection of the system. Methods A total of 54 relevant policy texts issued by the Central Government from 2011 to 2019 were selected, for establishing a two-dimensional analysis framework based on policy tools and stakeholders.By means of quantitative analysis of policy text and literature research method, we analyzed the relevant policy texts. Results Study of the 54 texts found 52.8% (124/235)mentioned commands and regulatory tool use, 27.2% (64/235) mentioned capacity building tool use, 13.2% (31/235) mentioned information and exhortation tool use, 5.1% (12/235)only mentioned incentive tool use, and 1.7% (4/235) only mentioned system change tool use; while most of them(34.3% and 32.7% )mentioned government and physicians, and only a few(17.6% and 15.4% )mentioned patients and medical entities. Conclusions It is suggested to optimize the policy tools mixture, and increase the use of incentive tools to physicians, and explore new forms of system change tools.It is also proposed to pay more attention to resource allocation of primary medical institutions, and to patient awareness and satisfaction.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756683

ABSTRACT

The family physicians contracted service is an important means to promote hierarchical diagnosis and treatment and realize healthy Chinese strategy. With the continuous introduction of family physicians contracted service policy, it is very important to raise awareness, effectively promote and put into place.This study analyzed the family physicians contracted service policy from the perspective of public policy, and used the multiple streams theory framework to analyze the driving factors of the policy proposed. In addition, it explored the influence of problem stream, policy stream, and political stream on the policy launch process.These efforts can help improvement the policy awareness in the process, and help ensure sustainable progress of the policy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755883

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of endotoxin in blood,Escherichia coli,lactobacillus,bifidobacterium,enterococci in feces of HCC patients.Methods Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the difference between HCC group and normal group in the expression in bifidobacterium,lactobacillus,enterococcus and Escherichia coli,and the difference of endotoxin level.Results The expression levels of Escherichia coli and enterococcus in HCC group were significantly higher than those in normal control group (P< 0.05).Bifidobacterium and lactobacillus in primary liver cancer group significantly decreased compared with the normal group (P < 0.05).The serum endotoxin level in HCC group was significantly higher than that in normal control group (P < 0.05).Bifidobacterium and lactobacillus increased in HCC group.Enterococcus and escherichia coli decreased in HCC group.There was a significant positive correlation between endotoxin content and tumor number and tumor diameter in HCC patients.Conclusion Bifidobacterium,lactobacillus decreased,enterococcus and Escherichia coli increased in HCC patients.These changes along with the increase of endotoxin may relate to the development of HCC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712625

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze problems in the development of medical service at private hospitals, and provide references for promoting the development of these hospitals and implementing policies for encouraging this sector′s growth. Methods The data were collected from the statistical yearbook published by the National Health Commission of the People′s Republic of China, and descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the medical service workload and medical service efficiency of private hospitals in China since the new healthcare reform. Results Private hospitals accounted for 56. 39% of the total number of hospitals in China, accounting for 21. 69% of beds by the end of 2016. From the perspective of medical service workload, the service volume of these hospitals had increased yet at a small pace. The number of patients and inpatients received accounted for 12. 90% and 15. 84% respectively of all the hospitals in China. From the point of service efficiency, by the end of 2016, the bed utilization ratio was 62. 8%, the daily medical visits to their doctors were 5. 5 persons-times, and the daily number of hospitalized beds per doctor was 2. 2 beds. These numbers lag far behind public hospitals. The development of private hospitals varied with regions in imbalance. Conclusions Improving the social image, attracting talents and improving service quality are key to improving the medical service capacity of private hospitals.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712516

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the resources allocation and service provision of hospital rehabilitation departments in China from 2009 to 2016, for finding problems and providing references for improvement of hospital rehabilitation system in China. Methods Using the statistical yearbook of health and family planning in China from 2010 to 2017,descriptive analysis was made to describe the rehabilitation service and resources allocation of hospital rehabilitation departments in China in recent years. Results From the perspective of service volume, the quantity of rehabilitative services was increasing year by year, and the number of patients discharged from the hospital has increased rapidly among the total number of hospital discharged inpatients countrywide. By the end of 2016, this proportion was 1.26%. From the perspective of resources allocation, by the end of 2016, the proportion of the rehabilitation beds was just 2.62% of all hospital beds. Personnel staffing was poor by the end of 2016, as there were only 0.02 practicing rehabilitation doctors (assistants) per every 1 000 population. Conclusions It is imperative to strengthen the resources of hospital rehabilitation departments, increase the number of hospital beds and personnel,and improve the pay for these staff, to ensure their service capability. It is also an important guarantee to provide the people with healthcare that is all-dimensional and full lifecycle.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712493

ABSTRACT

Objective To make a comprehensive analysis of the satisfaction and preferences of rural doctors'incentive measures,and to identify the incentives that need to be optimized.Methods The method of multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to investigate the rural doctors in Shandong province in 2015.This survey called into play the sample mean and standard deviation for descriptive analysis.And according to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory, the scoring and ranking of different levels and specific incentive measures were calculated.The important quadrant model which combined with motivational preference and satisfaction of incentive measures was used to analysis them.Results The top preference for rural doctors was survival demand,scoring 4 284.Among the specific incentives,the top wss lower medical practice risk,scoring 945.75.In combination with satisfaction analysis, 7 incentive measures, including improving welfare and policy assurance, were now in the state of low satisfaction and high preference. Conclusions In terms of demand level,the survival incentive factor tops the needs of rural doctors.In the specific incentive measures, the seven incentives, such as lower practice risk, deserve more attention. Relevant departments should actively improve and implement these seven measures in order to maximize their motivation for rural doctors.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 356-362, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619644

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the prevalence and correlation factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in urban and rural areas in Minhang district of Shanghai through the social economic and clinical data of the elderly population.Methods Jiangchuan Street and Pujiang town were randomly selected to represent the urban and rural population in Minhang district of Shanghai,respectively.Based on the over-60-year old people health examination program,6151 objectives with complete clinical-epidemiological data and bio-chemical index were investigated.The prevalence of CKD in urban and rural areas was compared,and the correlation factors for the urban and rural CKD were evaluated by multiple logistic regression analysis.Results (1) The survey objectives with an average age of (69.57+7.04) years,including 4345 cases of the city residents and 1806 cases of rural residents,were enrolled.The age structures of urban and rural showed differences,population over 80 years old account for 13.1% of the rural total,significantly higher than 7.4% in the urban population (P < 0.001).(2) The prevalence rates of diabetes,hyperuricemia,hyperlipidemia and hyperlipidemia in urban residents were higher than those in rural residents,which were 26.4% vs 13.7%,9.9% vs 2.3%,53.7% vs 37.4%,51.4% vs 15.6% (all P< 0.01).The awareness rates of kidney disease and hyperlipidemia showed significant differences in urban and rural areas,which were 32.9% vs 44.2%,84.6% vs 62.8% (all P < 0.01).Compared with those in rural areas,the treatment rates of hypertension and high blood lipids in urban residents were increased (all P < 0.01).(3) The prevalence of CKD was 23.4%.Female CKD prevalence was higher than male,respectively 26.3% and 18.5% (P < 0.01).In urban CKD prevalence was 22.2%,lower than 25.2% in rural.The prevalence rate of hematuria in urban areas was lower than in rural areas,but the prevalence rate of decline in renal function was higher (all P < 0.05).With the increase of age,the prevalence rate of CKD was increased (P < 0.01).(4) Age (OR=1.072),smoking history (OR=1.543),previous history of kidney disease (OR=1.351),diabetes (OR=1.373),hyperuricemia (OR=2.498),obesity (OR=1.364),history of interventional therapy (OR=1.896) had positive correlation with CKD in city elderly population,while the higher education (OR=0.676,OR=0.604) and drinking (OR=0.585) had negative correlation (all P < 0.05).Age (OR=1.032),female (OR=1.860) had positive correlation with CKD in rural elderly population (all P < 0.05).Conclusions CKD has been a common chronic progressive disease of the aged in Minhang district.The prevalence of CKD is higher in urban areas than in rural.Age is a common factor for CKD in urban and rural.Previous smoking,history of kidney disease,diabetes,hyperuricemia,obesity,history of interventional therapy,education and drinking have correlation with urban CKD patients.Female has correlation with rural CKD population.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611664

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the outcomes of the subsidy mechanism reform for China's public hospitals through a financial perspective.Methods An evaluation index system was built using data from China's health (family planning) statistics yearbooks 2009-2016, for comparison of the constituent ratio and chain relative ratio growths of public hospitals in various years.Results Year 2015 found a lower growth rate of medical revenues of these hospitals;year-by-year drop of drug income ratio, yet a gradual rise of income from examinations and materials, and a drop of technical service income growth and its ratio of the total income;a year-by-year drop of drug income surplus growth, and an expanding deficit in medical services;a slower growth of medicine expense growth, with the asset-liability ratio rising to 45.3%, and salary ratio rising to 30.6%.Conclusions The reform on compensating mechanism at public hospitals is demonstrating its impacts on public hospitals, namely slower growth of medical revenue, weakened compensating role of drug income, lower surplus, and higher asset-liability ratio among other financial risk exposure.These hospitals are encouraged to take proactive measures to control costs, including tighter medical service cost control,to secure sufficient and timely government fiscal subsidy, and other funding measures to cope with debts of the hospitals.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490788

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzed legally the following predicaments of legitimization of rural doctors in China:no legitimacy protection for their practice,vague criteria for practicing medicine,conflicts between legal regulations for medical practice and rural realities,and lack of a liability insurance system.The authors,based on an exploration of the legislative framework for rural doctors,made four corresponding legislative proposals as follows:to clearly define the legal scope and identity of rural doctors,to establish a qualification and employment system for rural doctors,to develop practicing norms applicable for rural doctors,and to set standards for their income.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465518

ABSTRACT

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a essential disorder result in disability of children. Various treatments, especially rehabilitation, have been used and made some success for CP. This paper reviewed a number of literatures published last decade. The level of evidence and rec-ommendation grade of various treatments was evaluated according to Cochrane.

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