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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 12-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of acteoside (ACT) in inhibiting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human hepatoma HCCLM3 cells by regulating the ERK1/2 pathway. Methods CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation. The invasion and migration of HCC cells were detected by scratch and Transwell tests. The mRNA and protein expression levels of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway and EMT-related genes (E-cadherin and N-cadherin) were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot analyses. Results ACT reduced the activity of HCCLM3 cells and inhibited the proliferation of HCC cells, and the effects had certain correlation with drug concentration and time. ACT inhibited the migration and invasion process of HCCLM3 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. ACT downregulated the mRNA and protein expression of genes related to the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. It increased the mRNA and protein expression levels of the EMT-related gene E-cadherin but decreased those of N-cadherin. Conclusion ACT could inhibit EMT and the invasion and migration of HCCLM3 cells in human hepatoma, and the underlying mechanism is closely related to the downregulation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 645-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of the deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm in improving the CT image quality of abdominal phantoms under different radiation doses by comparing the DLIR algorithm with the conventional Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) technique.Methods:Two groups with tube voltages of 100 kV and 120 kV (also referred to as the 100 kV and 120 kV groups, respectively) were involved. Each group was further divided into six subgroups based on different volumetric CT dose indices (CTDI vol: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 15 mGy). Subsequently, CT images based on the filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm were obtained and were then reconstructed using the ASIR-V algorithm with different weights (ASIR-V 50%, 80%, and 100%) and the DLIR algorithm with different levels (DLIR-L, M, and -H). As a result, 84 groups of images were obtained in total. Afterward, this study compared and analyzed the variations in CT values, noise, signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs), and subjective scores of various parts in various CTDI vol subgroups under different reconstruction conditions. In addition, the subjective scores of the image quality were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis H test, while objective indices and radiation doses were compared through the univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the paired t test. Results:Under the same tube voltage, there were statistically significant differences in the noise, SNRs, and CNRs of various parts in various CTDI vol subgroups under different reconstruction conditions ( F = 415.39, 315.30, P < 0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference in the noise, SNRs, and CNRs of images constructed using ASIR-V 50% and DLIR-L ( P > 0.05). Under different tube voltages, the subjective scores of both groups show statistically significant differences (100 kV group: H = 13.47, P = 0.036; 120 kV group: H = 12.99, P = 0.043). Moreover, two physicians offered consistent subjective scores, with Kappa values > 0.70. Among these images, DLIR-H images showed the highest subjective scores, followed by DLIR-M and ASIR-V 50% images, which had roughly consistent subjective scores. Moreover, the subjective scores of the 100 kV group were slightly higher than those of the 120 kV group. With the ASIR-V 50% images of the subgroup with a CTDI vol of 15 mGy as references, the DLIR-L, -M, and -H reduced radiation doses by more than 30%, 70% and 85%, respectively on the premise that diagnostic requirements were met. Conclusions:The DLIR algorithm can not only significantly reduce the image noise and improve the image quality, but also effectively decrease the radiation doses on the premise of meeting the diagnostic requirements. It is recommended that 100 kV tube voltage combined with a medium- or high-level DLIR algorithm should be applied to low-dose abdominal CT scans in clinical applications.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 810-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971836

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Sema4D in peripheral blood T cells and serum of patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis and its correlation with clinical indicators. Methods A total of 20 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 68 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis, and 20 healthy controls who attended The 940 th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of Chinese People's Liberation Army from October 2020 to November 2021 were enrolled. According to Child-Pugh class, the patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis were divided into Child-Pugh class A group with 24 patients, Child-Pugh class B group with 24 patients, and Child-Pugh class C group with 20 patients. After peripheral blood samples were collected to isolate serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), flow cytometry was used to measure the expression of membrane-bound Sema4D (mSema4D) + CD4 + T cells and mSema4D + CD8 + T cells in PBMCs, and ELISA was used to measure the expression of soluble Sema4D (sSema4D) in serum; their correlation with viral replication and liver inflammation markers was analyzed. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for further comparison between two groups; a Spearman correlation analysis was also performed. Results There were significant differences in the expression of mSema4D + CD4 + T cells and mSema4D + CD8 + T cells between the CHB group, the hepatitis B cirrhosis group, and the control group ( F =43.092 and 13.344, both P < 0.001), while there were significant differences between any two groups ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of mSema4D + CD4 + T cells and mSema4D + CD8 + T cells gradually decreased with increasing Child-Pugh class ( F =14.093 and 17.154, both P < 0.05), and there were significant differences between any two groups ( P < 0.05). The content of sSema4D was 1.54(1.42-1.71) ng/mL in the control group, 1.08(1.07-1.38) ng/mL in the CHB group, and 4.87(2.13-14.97) ng/mL in the hepatitis B cirrhosis group, with a significant difference between the three groups ( H =32.366, P < 0.001) and between any two groups ( P < 0.05). The content of sSema4D was 2.42(0.59-5.65) ng/mL in the Child-Pugh class A group, 4.92(2.75-12.73) ng/mL in the Child-Pugh class B group, and 14.18(4.59-18.43) ng/mL in the Child-Pugh class C group, with a significant difference between the three groups ( H =11.889, P =0.003) and between any two groups ( P < 0.05). In patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis, the level of sSema4D was positively correlated with the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and HBV DNA quantification ( r =0.294 and 0.430, both P < 0.05). Conclusion Sema4D is lowly expressed on T cell membrane and highly expressed in serum of patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis, and sSema4D may be involved in the development and progression of hepatitis B cirrhosis by affecting the levels of ALT and HBV DNA.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 666-671, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and prognostic factors of 125I seeds implantation for primary hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods:From December 2011 to January 2021, 102 primary hepatocellular carcinoma patients (86 males, 16 females; median age 61 years) who underwent 125I seeds implantation from 5 hospitals in China were enrolled in this retrospective study. Local progression-free survival (LPFS), overall survival (OS) and the prognostic factors were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the distribution curve of survival time, and LPFS rate and OS rate were calculated. Log-rank test and Cox regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of survival. Results:The median follow-up time was 38 months until April 2021. The local control rate was 96.1%(98/102). The 1-, 3- and 5-year LPFS rate were 61.3%, 25.5% and 12.7%, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rate were 73.9%, 39.1% and 22.6%, respectively. There were 75 patients with progressive disease, including 42 patients with intrahepatic recurrence and metastasis after seed implantation, and 55 patients died. Multivariate analyses showed that short-term efficacy complete response (CR) (hazard ratio ( HR)=0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.58) was protective factor related to LPFS; short-term efficacy CR ( HR=0.25, 95% CI: 0.13-0.47) was the protective factors related to OS; Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) C stage ( HR=2.33, 95% CI: 1.27-4.27), intrahepatic progression and extrahepatic metastasis ( HR=3.18, 95% CI: 1.28-7.86; HR=3.23, 95% CI: 1.27-8.21) were independent risk factors related to OS. No sever adverse effects were observed. Conclusions:125I seeds implantation is safe and effective for the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. BCLC stage, short-term efficacy and post-implantation progression are independent factors related to survival time.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1810-1816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a reference for the hierarchical management of clinical nurses in top three hospitals, the hierarchical management evaluation system was conducted and evaluated in the present study.Methods:On the context of three-dimensional structure theory of medical quality, the Delphi method was applied to conduct two rounds of correspondence consultation among 23 nursing experts, and then related indexes were established based on the evaluation results and recommendations.Results:An evaluation system for hierarchical management of clinical nurse in top three hospitals was finally constructed, which included 3 first-grade and 19 second-grade indexes. The effective recovery rate of the two rounds of expert questionnaires and authority Cr of two rounds of expert consultation were 100% and 0.915, respectively. The Kendall coefficients of concordance for significance and operability of the first-grade and second-grade indexes were 0.353/0.515 and 0.344/0.469, respectively ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The hierarchical management of clinical nurses in top three hospitals constructed based on three-dimensional structure theory has reliability and feasibility.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1554-1564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927800

ABSTRACT

Graph-theory-based pathway analysis is a commonly used method for pathway searching in genome-scale metabolic networks. However, such searching often results in many pathways biologically infeasible due to the presence of currency metabolites (e.g. H+, H2O, CO2, ATP etc.). Several methods have been proposed to address the problem but up to now there is no well-recognized methods for processing the currency metabolites. In this study, we proposed a new method based on the function of currency metabolites for transferring of functional groups such as phosphate. We processed most currency metabolites as pairs rather than individual metabolites, and ranked the pairs based on their importance in transferring functional groups, in order to make sure at least one main metabolite link exists for any reaction. The whole process can be done automatically by programming. Comparison with existing approaches indicates that more biologically infeasible pathways were removed by our method and the calculated pathways were more reliable, which may facilitate the graph-theory-based pathway design and visualization.


Subject(s)
Genome , Metabolic Networks and Pathways
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1390-1407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927788

ABSTRACT

It is among the goals in metabolic engineering to construct microbial cell factories producing high-yield and high value-added target products, and an important solution is to design efficient synthetic pathway for the target products. However, due to the difference in metabolic capacity among microbial chassises, the available substrate and the yielded products are limited. Therefore, it is urgent to design related metabolic pathways to improve the production capacity. Existing metabolic engineering approaches to designing heterologous pathways are mainly based on biological experience, which are inefficient. Moreover, the yielded results are in no way comprehensive. However, systems biology provides new methods for heterologous pathway design, particularly the graph-based and constraint-based methods. Based on the databases containing rich metabolism information, they search for and uncover possible metabolic pathways with designated strategy (graph-based method) or algorithm (constraint-based method) and then screen out the optimal pathway to guide the modification of strains. In this paper, we reviewed the databases and algorithms for pathway design, and the applications in metabolic engineering and discussed the strengths and weaknesses of existing algorithms in practical application, hoping to provide a reference for the selection of optimal methods for the design of product synthesis pathway.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Biosynthetic Pathways , Metabolic Engineering , Metabolic Networks and Pathways/genetics , Systems Biology
8.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 118-121, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of local excision under ultrasonography with immediate mammoplasty in granulomatous lobular mastitis.Methods:Fifty-three patients with granulomatous lobular mastitis admitted from Jan 2017 to Jul 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Combined with sonographic findings and clinical manifestations, patients were divided into four types: type Ⅰ, single mass; Type Ⅱ, single mass located in one quadrant with one or no skin lesion; Type Ⅲ, multi-quadrant involved with one or no skin lesion; Type Ⅳ, multiple abscesses with multiple lesions in the skin. Twenty-five patients underwent wide local excision (control group); Twenty-eight patients underwent local excision under ultrasonography with immediate mammoplasty (experiment group). Patients with erythema nodosum or in type Ⅳ were given antibiotics and corticosteroid therapy preoperatively for 1 week and postoperatively for 5 days. The others went straight to surgery.Results:All patients were followed up for 1 year. In the experiment group, 28 patients had primary wound healing, and 3 patients had poor wound healing after operation (all were of type Ⅳ). The control group had 6 cases of recurrence(were of type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ). There was significant difference of the recurrence rate between the two groups (0 vs. 24%, χ 2=6.033, P=0.014), and the aesthetic effect of local excision under ultrasonography with immediate mammoplasty was better than that of wide local excision(93% vs. 68%, χ 2=5.330, P=0.020). Conclusion:The recurrence rate of local excision under ultrasonography with immediate mammoplasty is low, and with a satisfactory cosmetic effect.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 214-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of first-episode hematogenous metastasis in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who received non-surgical treatment after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and its impact on survival and prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 230 ESCC patients who met the inclusion criteria and received radical radiotherapy in Tengzhou Central People′s Hospital and Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2011 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Logistic regression analysis and survival were used to analyze the risk factors and prognosis of blood group metastasis after treatment.Results:In 230 patients with thoracic esophageal cancer, 70 cases (30.4%) developed hematogenous metastasis for the first time.Compared with patients without hematogenous metastasis, the median overall survival was 15 months and 20 months (χ 2=7.249, P=0.007), and the median progression free survival was 9 months and 13 months (95% CI was 7.2-10.8 months and 10.8-15.2 months, respectively χ 2=21.664, P<0.001). Logistic multivariate analysis showed that there was significant difference in the occurrence of hematogenous metastasis among different N stages (χ 2=30.764, P<0.001). N stage was an independent factor for judging hematogenous metastasis, and the increased N stage increased the risk of hematogenous metastasis (OR value were 6.000, 12.629 and 48.167, respectively; 95% CI were 1.712-21.025, 3.546-44.976 and 10.848-213.858, respectively; all P<0.05). The overall survival time of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy before hematogenous metastasis was longer than that of patients with sequential chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy alone (χ 2=10.002, P=0.007). Stratified analysis showed that adjuvant chemotherapy after concurrent chemoradiotherapy could prolong the overall survival of patients with N2 and N3 (χ 2=11.025, P=0.001). Conclusion:N staging is an independent factor to judge the hematogenous metastasis.ESCC patients with hematogenous metastasis after chemoradiotherapy have poor prognosis.N2, N3 patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy after adjuvant chemotherapy have clinical benefits.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 836-842, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the technical method and clinical efficacy of CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation (RISI) assisted by 3D-printed coplanar template(3D-PCT) in the treatment of metastatic tumors of chest wall, and analyze the influence of dosimetric parameters on the treatment efficacy. Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted for 55 patients with metastatic tumors of chest wall treated with 3D-PCT-assisted 125I radioactive seed implantation in Tengzhou Central People′s Hospital from January 2014 to March 2021.Preoperative plans were made using a brachytherapy treatment planning system, and dosimetric parameters were assessed at 3d after surgery. During regular CT reexaminations after surgery, the local control rate and overall survival (OS) rate were calculated and the pain relief degree and complications were assessed. The Logrank test and Cox regression were used for univariate and multivariate analyses of local control time (LCT). Meanwhile, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to analyze the critical values of dosimetric parameters and to predict the LCT. Results:The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates ofthe 55 patients were 72.7% (40/55), 21.8% (12/55), and 16.4% (9/55), respectively.The local control rates of 3, 6, 12, and 24 months were 96.4%(53/55), 86.5%(45/52), 85.0%(34/40), and 91.7%(11/12), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between postoperative and postoperative dosimetric parameters of GTV, particle number, D90, D100, V100, V150, V200, CI, EI, and HI ( P> 0.05). Compared with postoperative V90, the postoperative V90 decreased with a statistically significant difference( P=0.006). As indicated by the univariate Cox regression analysis, the pathological grade, D90, D100, V90, and V200had significant effects on the LCT( P<0.05). Among them, the pathological grade and D90 were independent influencing factors of the LCT, while the other factors showed no statistically significant difference according to the multivariate Cox regression analysis.The LCT of patients with D90≥127 Gy was significantly longer than that of patients with D90<127 Gy (χ 2=16.61, P=0.000). The pain relief rate was 80.8%(21/26) after three months. Five cases suffered from grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ radioactive dermatitis and one case experienced grade Ⅲ radioactive dermatitis. Conclusions:The 3D-PCT-assisted CT-guided 125I radioactive seed implementation can achieve precise and controllable dose and definite efficacy in the treatment of metastatic tumors of chest wall, with few complications.The LCT was remarkably prolonged in the case of D90≥127 Gy, and D90 is an independent influencing factor of the LCT.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 521-525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of signal sequence receptor subunit 1 (SSR1) and its prognostic value in hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:Search the expression data and relevant clinical data of SSR1 in hepatocellular carcinoma patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to June 20, 2021, and download relevant public data. The expression levels of SSR1 in 334 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma with complete information and data were analyzed retrospectively. The expression difference of SSR1 gene between hepatocellular carcinoma and adjacent tissues was analyzed by Wilcoxon signed rank test. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were divided into high expression group and low expression group based on the median value of SSR1 expression level (14.660). χ 2 test was conducted to analyze the relationship between SSR1 expression and clinicopathological features. Cox regression and Log-rank survival test were used to analyze the relationship between SSR1 gene expression, clinicopathological features and overall survival rate in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to determine the factors affecting prognosis. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to predict the possible regulatory pathways. Result:Bioinformatics analysis based on TCGA database showed that the expression level of SSR1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (16.320±7.231) was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissue (7.473±1.410). The difference between groups was statistically significant ( t=8.621, P<0.001).The overall survival rate of patients with high SSR1 gene expression group was lower than that of patients with high SSR1 gene expression group (χ 2=10.1, P<0.001). The high expression of SSR1 gene was related to sex (χ 2=4.392, P=0.036), Stage (χ 2=6.264, P=0.012), T stage (χ 2=4.561, P=0.033) and Grade classification (χ 2=14.015, P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that patients with high expression of SSR1 gene got worse risk of death ( HR=1.030, 95% CI:1.002-1.060, P=0.036), and SSR1 gene expression was an independent predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that the high expression of SSR1 was related to ubiquitination, cell cycle, RNA degradation, mTOR signal pathway, Wnt signal pathway and MAPK signal pathway. Conclusion:SSR1 gene is significantly up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma, which is related to gender, Stage, T stage and Grade classification. Ubiquitination, cell cycle, RNA degradation, mTOR signal pathway, Wnt signal pathway and MAPK signal pathway may be the key pathways for SSR1 to promote the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 579-584, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and validate an clinical prediction model for the risk of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL).Methods:Breast cancer patients who were prepared to undergo axillary lymph node dissection were propsectively enrolled, indocyanine green combined with Photodynamic Eye (PDE) was applied to reveal the arm lymphatic flow . The arm lymphatic fluorescence images were collected to calculate the proportion of arm lymph flow above and below the axilla vein. Volumetric measurements of both arms and subjective questionnaire were performed to evaluate the occurrence of lymphedema. A difference in volume between the arms >10% was defined as lymphedema. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between each factor and BCRL. The stepwise forward method was used to include multiple factors in the logistic regression analysis to establish the prediction model.Results:Three hundred and twelve patients were enrolled. Fourty-five (14.4%) patients developed BCRL. Using the coefficients obtained from multivariate analysis, BMI ( OR 95% CI: 1.34 (1.25-1.77), P<0.05), chemotherapy ( OR 95% CI: 2.26 (1.97-2.63), P<0.05), regional lymph node radiotherapy ( OR 95% CI: 1.59 (1.05-2.41), P<0.05) and the proportion of arm lymph flow above the level of the axillary vein ( OR 95% CI: 0.70 (0.68-0.81), P<0.05) were identified as independent predictive factors for BCRL, and the following prediction equation was derived: Y=0.369×(BMI at surgery)+0.713×(taxane-based chemotherapy)+0.862×(radiotherapy)-9.058×(proportion of the arm lymph above the axillary vein)-6.859 8. The ROC curve was screened to the optimal boundary value of 0.118 6 by the Youden's index. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of prediction of this model were 93.3%, 79.4%, 73.3%, 98.6%, respectively. Conclusion:With the guidance of the predictive model, particular patients who need the preservation of axillary lymphatic system can be identified, and timely intervention can be carried out.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V20) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V30) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients′age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS.@*Conclusions@#Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients′ age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients′ prognosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 490-494, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755057

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the effect of tumor length on the prognosis in stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with definitive radiotherapy and to evaluate the role of tumor length in clinical stage for non-operative ESCC patients.Methods The data of 2 086 ESCC patients who were treated with definitive radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals (3JECROG) were analyzed.The effect of tumor length on overall survival (OS) was analyzed and stratified analysis of tumor length was done in different stages of ESCC.Results The median OS and median progression-free survival (PFS) time of the whole group were 25.6 months and 18.2 months respectively.The Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment moda,aga,alinical stage and tumor length were independent prognostic factors.The median,1-,3-,and 5-year OS were 28.9 months,77.3%,45.0%,and 36.3% versus 21.9 months,69.9%,37.9%,and 28.1% for patients with ≤ 5 cm and patients > 5 cm respectively (P<0.05).For stage Ⅱ patienta,abe median OS were 42.1 and 38.9 months respectively in ≤ 5 cm group and>5 cm group (P=0.303).And for stage Ⅲ patienta,abe median OS were 23.9 and 19.3 months respectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).The median OS with N1was 24.1 and 18.4 montha,aespectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).Conclusions The tumor length was an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ patients treated definitive radiotherapy.The tumor length may be helpful in clinical staging of ESCa,aspecially for stage Ⅲ and N1.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 405-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer and investigate the prognostic factors.Methods Medical record of 2 132 patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer who underwent definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy in 10 hospitals from January 2002 to December 2016 from were retrospectively analyzed.Among these patients,37.9% of them were aged ≥ 70 years,33.9% with neck and upper esophageal tumors and 66.1% with middle and lower esophageal and borderline tumors.The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph node gross tumor volume (GTVnd) was 41.6 cm3.Among them,32% were stage Ⅱ] and 68% were stage Ⅲ.A total of 723 patients received 3DCRT and 1 409 cases received IMRT.Patients received an equivalent dose in 2 Gy (EQD2) ≥ 60 Gy accounted for 86.1%,and 41.1% of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Results The median follow-up time was 60.8 months.The 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 73.9%,41.7% and 32.6%,and the 1-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 62.2%,37.3% and 32%,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume,EQD2 and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS.The OS and PFS did not significantly differ among the low-risk,low-/moderate-risk,moderate-/high-risk and high-risk groups according to age≥70 years,tumor diameter>5 cm,tumor volume ≥41.6 cm3 and stage Ⅲ (P<0.001).After the propensity score matching (PSM) method,neither 3DCRT nor IMRT yielded significant advantages in OS or PFS (P=0.971;P=0.658).However,IMRT tended to yield survival benefits in low-risk patients (P=0.125).Conclusions Both 3DCRT and IMRT yield relatively high OS rate in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer.The prognosis model established in this investigation can properly predict the survival of patients.Low-risk patients tend to obtain survival benefits from IMRT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 861-866, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752542

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses based on the theory of Kirkpatrick Model. Methods The draft of evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was drawn up through literature survey and interview method first, and then it was constructed by using Delphi method and statistical analysis. Results Through two rounds of expert consultations, the experts′ suggestions were revised and summarized, and then the evaluation index system was constructed, including 4 grade I indexes, 14 gradeⅡindexes, and 56 gradeⅢindexes. The positive coefficients of the two rounds of expert consultation were 96.15% and 100.00% , respectively, with authoritative coefficient of 0.877. The Kendall Harmony Coefficients of importance and operability of grade I, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ indexes were 0.640, 0.378, 0.296, and 0.707, 0.515, 0.416, respectively (P< 0.01). Conclusions The enthusiasm, authority level and coordination degree of the experts were all at a high level. The evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was of high importance and operability.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 861-866, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801516

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses based on the theory of Kirkpatrick Model.@*Methods@#The draft of evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was drawn up through literature survey and interview method first, and then it was constructed by using Delphi method and statistical analysis.@*Results@#Through two rounds of expert consultations, the experts′ suggestions were revised and summarized, and then the evaluation index system was constructed, including 4 grade I indexes, 14 grade Ⅱindexes, and 56 grade Ⅲ indexes. The positive coefficients of the two rounds of expert consultation were 96.15% and 100.00%, respectively, with authoritative coefficient of 0.877. The Kendall Harmony Coefficients of importance and operability of grade I, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ indexes were 0.640, 0.378, 0.296, and 0.707, 0.515, 0.416, respectively (P< 0.01).@*Conclusions@#The enthusiasm, authority level and coordination degree of the experts were all at a high level. The evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was of high importance and operability.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 959-964, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708300

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the survival and prognostic factors of esophageal cancer treated with definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy by applying novel radiation techniques including three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods Clinical data of 2762 patients with non-operated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed.The prognostic factors were also identified and analyzed. Results The median follow-up time was 60. 8 months. The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 71. 4%,48. 9%,39. 3%,and 30. 9%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 59.5%,41.5%,35.2%,and 30%,respectively.The median survival was 23 months.The median time to progression was 17. 2 months.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age, primary tumor location, clinical stage, tumor target volume, EQD2 and treatment mode were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Conclusions In this first large-scale multi-center retrospective analysis of definitive ( chemo) radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in China, the 5-year OS of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is significantly improved by 3DCRT, IMRT combined with chemotherapy drugs. However, the findings remain to be validated by prospective clinical trials with high-level medical evidence.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 514-517, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618042

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the dose distribution of postoperative plans with preoperative plans for 3D printing coplanar template assisted radioactive seed implantation,and to explore the accuracy of the technique in seed implantation.Methods From November 2015 to December 2016 a total of 32 patients were selected and underwent 3D printing coplanar template assisted radioactive seed implantation in Tengzhou Central People's Hospital of Shandong province.There were 36 implanted lesions,including l0 in the lungs,5 in neck lymphs,3 in pelvic cavities,3 in vertebral body,2 in pancreas,2 in abdominal lymph nodes,2 in portal veins,and 9 in the other parts.All patients were given preoperative planning and guided by the coplanar templates.Compared with the preoperative plan,all levels needles inserted at the same time.According to preoperative planning the implantation surgery was completed accurately.The postoperative dosimetry was evaluated.The preoperative and postoperative dosimetry parameters were compared,including Dg0,D100,V90,V100.V150,V200 and conformal index (CI),external index (EI),and homogeneity index(HI).The paired t test was used to perform the statistical analysis.Result There was no significant differences in Dg0,D100,V90,V100,V150,V200,CI,EI and HI between before and after operation(P > 0.05).Conclusions The dose parameters in postplan showed no difference compared with preplan in this study.For fixed and moving organ tumors,3D printing coplanar template assisted radioactive seed implantation has good therapeutic accuracy,and may be a standardized surgicalmethod for seed implantation in the future.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 376-379, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493480

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristic MRI features of sporadic inclusion?body myositis(sIBM). Methods Clinical and MR imaging data of 6 patients with sIBM diagnosed by muscle biopsy from May 2013 to November 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients showed insidious onset of lower limb muscle weakness and diagnosed as sIBM by muscle biopsies. All patients were evaluated by the score of the severity of fatty infiltration, inflammation and atrophy in MRI. Results All patients were observed fatty infiltration with different degrees. The fatty infiltration in thighs was characterized in a decreasing order of frequency:gluteus maximus (6 cases), vastuslateralis (6 cases), vastusintermedius (6 cases), vastusmedialis (6 cases), sartorius (5 cases), adductor magnus (5 cases), rectus femoris (4 cases), semi?membranosus (4 cases), semi?tendinosus (4 cases), biceps femoris (4 cases), gracilis (3 cases), adductor longus(2 cases).The fatty infiltration in thighs was characterized in a decreasing order of severity:vastuslateralis (3.2 points), vastusintermedius (3.2 points), vastusmedialis (3.0 points), adductor magnus (3.0 points), gluteus maximus (2.7 points), bicepsfemoris (2.2 points), semi?membranosus (2.1 points), semi?tendinosus (2.1 points), rectus femoris (1.5 points), sartorius (1.3 points), gracilis (0.8 points), adductor longus (0.7 points). All patients showed the features of distal distribution andsymmetry. Inflammation was observed in 3 patients. 1 patient only involved the vastuslateralis, the other 2 patients were observed muscle inflammation with different degrees in 12 muscles. Atrophy was observed in 5 patients. The atrophy in thighs was characterized in a decreasing order of frequency:vastuslateralis (5 cases), vastusintermedius (5 cases), vastusmedialis (4 cases), adductor magnus (4 cases), semi?membranosus (2 cases), rectus femoris (1 cases), sartorius (1 cases) and gluteus maximus;there was no atrophy in adductor longus, gracilis,semi?tendinosus, biceps femoris. Conclusion The MRI characteristic manifestations of sIBM is fatty infiltration and atrophy in the distal portion, particularly involving the vastuslateralis, vastusintermedius, vastusmedialis and adductor magnus.

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