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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805153

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the situation of ticks carrying pathogens in border areas of Heilongjiang province.@*Methods@#From 2009 to 2018, tick specimens were collected in Yichun, Daxing′anling area and Jiamusi in Heilongjiang province. A total of 2 530 ticks were studied, including 800 Ixodes persulcatus and 1 730 Dermacentor silvarum. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (OHFV), langat virus (LGTV), powassan virus (POWV) were detected by real-time RT-PCR. Spotted fever group rickettsia (SFGR) and Borrelia burgdorferi sensulato (B.b.s.l) were detected by PCR in ticks collected from Jiamusi area.@*Results@#All tick speciments collected were negative for TBEV, SFTSV, OHFV, LGTV and POWV. Tick specimens from Jiamusi carried SFGR and B. b.s.l.with positive rates of 59.5% and 8.9%.@*Conclusions@#The ticks in border areas of Heilongjiang province carry spotted fever group rickettsia and Borrelia burgdorferi, and the carrying rate of spotted fever group rickettsia is high. The monitoring and control of ticks and tick-borne diseases should be strengthened.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and distribution characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis in China in 2014, and to provide scientific basis for formulating specific prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#The epidemic data were obtained from the "infectious disease report information management system" , using Excel 2016, GIS and other software to summarize and analyze the cases of tick borne encephalitis (TBE) reported, using the number of cases, incidence, composition ratio and other indicators to analyze and describe the TBE epidemiological characteristics in China in 2014.@*Results@#In 2014, a total of 322 cases of TBE were reported in 9 provinces in China, with an annual incidence of 0.024/100, 000 and 1 death of patient. The provinces with high number of cases were Jilin province, Inner mongolia autonomous region and Heilongjiang province, and the number of cases in the other six provinces is no more than two. TBE was distributed in spring and summer, and it is concentrated in May to July. The age of the affected population was mostly concentrated in 40-49 years old, the male-female ratio was 1.6∶1 (198/124), and the patients were dominantly farmers, household and unemployed workers, and forestry workers, they accounted for 49.40% (159/322), 26.40% (85/322) and 18.60% (60/322) of the national TBE cases respectively. The three hospitals that reported the most TBE cases in 2014 were Inner mongolia forestry general hospital, Jiangyuan People′s hospital of Baishan city, Jilin province and Mudanjiang forestry central hospital of Heilongjiang province. The number of reported cases in these three hospitals accounted for 68.6% of the whole country. The laboratory diagnosis rate of Inner mongolia forestry general hospital was the highest (91.9%).@*Conclusions@#In 2014, the incidence of TBE in China has continued to rise compared with the previous two years. The geographical focus is mainly on the forest areas of Daxing′anling, Xiaoxing′anling and Changbai Mountain.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805909

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analysis the genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in mosquitoes from Shandong province.@*Methods@#Mosquitoes were collected between August and September in Weishan county, Junan county, and Kenli county of Shandong province in 2016. Viruses were isolated by BHK-21 cell and identified by molecular method . Real-Time RT-PCR was conducted to detect the Japanese encephalitis virus carried by the mosquitoes.@*Results@#A total of 8418 mosquitoes divided into 81 pools including 3 species, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Anopheles sinensis and Armigeres obturbans. Eight Japanese encephalitis viruses were isolated; 23 pools were positive by JEV specific real-time RT-PCR. Phylogenetic analysis on E sequence of JEV showed all JEV strains belonged to genotype Ⅰ JEV, and new strains that were homogenous with previous JEV strains isolated from Shandong.@*Conclusions@#Genotype Ⅰ JEV was the dominant genotype in Shandong province.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808835

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect integrated HIV DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells.@*Methods@#A total of 30 HIV-seropositve individuals were enrolled in this study, including 10 subjects with a detection limit of 20 copies/ml of plasma, 10 patients with drug resistance and 10 patients with no history of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Cultivated ACH2 cells carried a single copy of the integrated HIV genome. We have built pMD19T-CD3 plasmid and calculated the copy number. We used oligonucleotides ULF1 specific for the long terminal repeats (LTR) regions and two oliligonucleotides specific for human Alu sequences to pre-amplified the integrated HIV DNA. Samples and serial dilutions of ACH2 cells were all pre-amplified, the products of which were used for the second round fluorescence amplifications. The Lambda T primers, UR2 primers and HIV Taqman probes were used for second round amplifications in integrated HIV DNA assay. The CD3IN5 primers, CD3IN3 primers and CD3 Taqman probes were used for CD3 quantification.@*Results@#Serial 5-fold dilutions of the plasmid were used as standards for CD3 gene quantifications. The equation of the linear regression was y=-2.731x+ 43.01(R2=0.953). The cellular input was quantified by number of human genome equivalents (CD3 gene, 2 copies/cell). The copies of ACH2 cells was 4.271×104, which was the cellular input of the ACH2 cells. Serial 5-fold dilutions of ACH2 cells were used to generate a standard curve for the integrated HIV DNA assays. The equation of the linear regression was y=-3.146x+ 39.11 (R2=0.968). The ratio between the number of copies of the integrated HIV DNA form and the number of cells (CD3 copies) was calculated to obtain the frequency of cells. Based on the test between different groups, each group had no difference (P> 0.05).@*Conclusions@#This method presented advantage in detection of the lower copies of virus. It hinted that the current antiretroviral therapy can not effectively attack against latent viral reservoirs. It also provided a basis for new therapeutic intervention.

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