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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2914-2918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906888

ABSTRACT

Liver biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis stage in patients with chronic hepatitis B, but it has certain limitations due to its invasiveness. At present, elastography and serological examination have the advantages of convenience, good repeatability, and dynamic testing and are thus widely used in clinical practice. The accuracy of testing has been supported by a large number of studies, and they have been gradually recommended by various guidelines and expert consensus. However, the diagnostic accuracy of the two methods is affected by factors such as inflammation, obesity, ascites, eating, and intercostal space stenosis, and elastography combined with serological examination can greatly improve the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of liver fibrosis staging. With reference to related articles in China and globally, this article reviews the problems of the two methods in the staging of chronic hepatitis B liver fibrosis.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2737-2741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905033

ABSTRACT

Benign biliary stricture (BBS) refers to complete or incomplete stricture of the biliary tract caused by a series of non-malignant diseases. BBS often has complex and diverse etiologies, and severe complications may occur if it is not adequately treated. Diagnostic methods currently used in clinical practice include imaging, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic ultrasonography, and choledochoscopy, and treatment methods include balloon dilatation, stent implantation, percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, and surgical treatment. At present, endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of BBS has become the preferred method. However, there is still no clear classification of BBS, which needs further investigation. By consulting related literature in China and globally, this article summarizes the issues associated with the endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of BBS.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897474

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between vesicular monoamine transporter 2(VMAT2) density in the striatum and the non-motor symptoms(NMSs) in patients with Parkinson′s disease(PD).Methods:From December 2018 to December 2019, 29 normal controls (16 males, 13 females, age: (48.8±14.2) years), 31 patients with PD at the Hoehn-Yahr (mH-Y) Ⅱ stage (16 males, 15 females, age: (53.4±8.5) years) and 36 patients with PD at mH-Y Ⅲ stage (19 males, 17 females, age: (63.1±8.2) years) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were prospectively enrolled in this study. All subjects underwent 18F-fluoropropyl-(+ )-dihydrotetrabenazine( 18F-FP-(+ )-DTBZ, 18F-AV133) PET/CT imaging, then the specific uptake ratios (SURs) of striatal subregions were measured with the occipital cortex as the reference background region. The clinical data, laboratory data and imaging results were collected. The NMSs of each patient were evaluated with Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Parkinson′s Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Parkinson′s Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL) and Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS). The independent-sample t test and one-way analysis of variance (the least significant difference t test) were used to compare data differences. Finally, the association of the striatal SURs with the clinical symptom scores were evaluated with Pearson correlation analysis and multivariable stepwise regression analysis. Results:Significant differences were found in depression (3.51±1.34 vs 11.36±3.87), anxiety (2.35±1.45 vs 6.00±3.32), sleep disorder (132.90±12.26 vs 110.34±19.69) and life quality (7.58±3.37 vs 24.01±10.15) scores between the mH-Y stage Ⅱ and the stage Ⅲ patients ( t values: from -10.573 to 5.439, all P<0.05), while cognitive scores did not differ significantly between the 2 PD groups ( t=1.067, P>0.05). Compared with healthy control group (1.28±0.22), the PD groups displayed a more marked decrease of SURs in the bilateral putamen and in the caudate nucleus (0.65±0.16 and 0.31±0.14; F=83.11, P<0.05), and the SURs of patients at stage Ⅱ were higher than those of the patients at stage Ⅲ ( t=9.116, P<0.05). NMSs scores of PD patients, with the exception of cognition scores, were correlated with striatal SURs ( r values: from -0.647 to -0.426, all P<0.05). Regression analysis showed that total striatum SURs was the best predictor of PDSS and NMSS scores ( R2 values: 0.234, 0.378, both P<0.001), while contralateral caudate nucleus SURs were best predictor of HAMD scores ( R2=0.402, P<0.001). The SURs of contralateral putamen were best variables for predicting HAMA scores ( R2=0.204, P<0.001). Conclusion:The correlation between the decreased striatal VMAT2 and a broad spectrum of NMSs in patients with PD is established, suggesting that the defect in dopamine supply may be an early abnormality promoting mechanisms leading to the development of NMSs in PD.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889770

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Capecitabine is an extensively used oral prodrug of 5-fluorouracil in treatment of colon cancer and is known to cause hand-foot syndrome (HFS). As the target enzyme for capecitabine, thymidylate synthase (TYMS) plays a key role for 5-fluorouracil metabolism and has been associated with some side effects caused by capecitabine. The aim of our study is to identify the possible genetic predictors of capecitabine-induced HFS (CAP-HFS) in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Whole exons of TYMS were sequenced for 288 extreme phenotype HFS patients, including 144 severe or early-onset (first 2 cycles) moderate HFS extreme cases and 144 extreme controls with no reported HFS. The associations between polymorphisms and CAP-HFS were analyzed using logistic regression under an additive model. @*Results@#We identified a novel risk mutation (c.1A>G, chr18:657743), was associated with severe HFS in an extreme case who was affected during the first cycle of treatment. Moreover, we identified three new variants, rs3786362, rs699517, rs2790, and two previously reported variants, 5’VNTR 2R/3R and 3′-untranslated region 6-bp ins-del, which were significantly associated with CAP-HFS (p < 0.05). In silico analysis revealed that the effect of these polymorphisms in the TYMS region on the development of HFS might not be restricted solely to the regulation of TYMS expression, but also the TYMS catalytic activity through the indirect effect on ENOSF1 expression. @*Conclusion@#This study identified new polymorphisms in TYMS gene significantly associated with CAP-HFS, which may serve as useful genetic predictors for CAP-HFS and help to elucidate the underlying mechanism of HFS.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869150

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application of 13N-NH 3, 11C-methionine (MET) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in the diagnosis and evaluation of suspected cerebral glioma. Methods:From September 2010 to December 2017, ninety patients (54 males, 36 females; age: (40.0±14.0) years) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University with suspected glioma based on clinical diagnosis, who underwent 13N-NH 3, 11C-MET and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging, were prospectively enrolled in the study. All patients were confirmed by histology or clinical and radiological follow-up. Images were interpreted by visual evaluation (higher radioactive uptake in lesions than that in the contralateral normal brain parenchyma was considered as positive (+ ), equal/lower were considered as negative (-)) and semi-quantitative analysis (the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) of lesion (L) to the mean SUV of normal white matter (WM) (L/WM ratio)). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used and the area under curves (AUCs) were calculated and compared. The diagnostic efficacies of 3 imaging methods and the combination for diagnosing gliomas and the abilities to differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGG) and low-grade gliomas (LGG) were compared. Results:In 90 patients, 30 HGG, 27 LGG, 10 non-glioma brain tumors and 23 non-neoplastic lesions (NNL) were diagnosed. On visual evaluation, the sensitivities for differentiating tumors from NNL were 62.7%(42/67), 94.0%(63/67) and 35.8% (24/67) for 13N-NH 3, 11C-MET and 18F-FDG PET/CT respectively, while the specificities were 95.7%(22/23), 56.5% (13/23) and 65.2% (15/23), and the accuracies were 71.1%(64/90), 84.4%(76/90) and 43.3% (39/90). Taking the metabolic patterns of + /+ /+ , + /+ /- and + /-/- ( 11C-MET/ 13N-NH 3/ 18F-FDG) as the diagnosis standard of tumor lesions, the specificity and accuracy of the combined method increased to 73.9%(17/23) and 88.9%(80/90) with the sensitivity remaining the same (94.0%, 63/67). ROC curve analysis (L/WM) showed that the sensitivity, specificity and AUC were 64.2%(43/67), 100%(23/23) and 0.819 for 13N-NH 3 PET/CT, and 89.6%(60/67), 69.6%(16/23) and 0.840 for 11C-MET PET/CT ( z=-0.316, P>0.05). The accuracy for differentiating high and low grade glioma were 86.0% (49/57), 87.7%(50/57) and 93.0%(53/57) for 13N-NH 3, 11C-MET and 18F-FDG PET/CT, with the AUC of 0.896, 0.928 and 0.964, respectively ( z values: -0.554 to 1.334, all P>0.05). Conclusions:13N-NH 3 PET/CT imaging has remarkably high specificity but low sensitivity for the differentiation of brain tumors from NNL. 11C-MET PET/CT imaging was found to be highly useful for detection of brain tumors. However, like 18F-FDG, high MET uptake is frequently observed in some NNL. 13N-NH 3, 11C-MET and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging all appear to be valuable for evaluating the histological grade of gliomas, and the combination of them is more useful for the accurate diagnosis of glioma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Yiqi Huoxue Xiaozheng Formula on cell apoptosis in rats with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); To preliminarily explore its mechanism of action. Methods Totally sixty 8-week-old male SD rats were randomly devided into normal group, positive control group, Yiqi Huoxue XiaozhengFormula low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, with 10 rats in each group. Except for the rats in normal group, rats in other groups were treated with castrate and testosterone propionate injection to replicate BPH model. The normal group and the model group were given normal saline for gavage; Yiqi Huoxue Xiaozheng Formula low-, middle-, and high-dose groups were given Yiqi Huoxue Xiaozheng Formula 10, 20, 40 mg/100 g for gavage, respectively; rats in positive control group were given Longkai Granule suspension 11 mg/100 g for gavage, once a day, for 30 d. Twenty-four hours after the last administration, the rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation. The prostate tissue was taken. The protein expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax in the prostate tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results Compared with the normol group, the expression of Bax in the prostate tissue of the model group decreased significantly, while the expression of Bcl-2 increased significantly; Compared with the model group, the expression of Bax in the prostate tissue of rats in administration groups increased significantly, while the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly reduced, and Yiqi Huoxue Xiaozheng Formula high-dose group was superior to other groups. Conclusion Yiqi Huoxue Xiaozheng Formula can improve benign prostatic hyperplasia by promoting the apoptosis of rat prostate tissue, and its mechanism is related to the increase of the expression of Bax protein and the decrease of Bcl-2 protein expression in prostate tissue.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 519-523, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737994

ABSTRACT

Real world study (RWS),a further verification and supplement for explanatory randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention measures in real clinical environment,has increasingly become the focus in the field of research on medical and health care services.However,some people mistakenly equate real world study with observational research,and argue that intervention and randomization cannot be carried out in real world study.In fact,both observational and experimental design are the basic designs in real world study,while the latter usually refers to pragmatic randomized controlled trial and registry-based randomized controlled trial.Other nonrandomized controlled and adaptive designs can also be adopted in the RWS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 519-523, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736526

ABSTRACT

Real world study (RWS),a further verification and supplement for explanatory randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention measures in real clinical environment,has increasingly become the focus in the field of research on medical and health care services.However,some people mistakenly equate real world study with observational research,and argue that intervention and randomization cannot be carried out in real world study.In fact,both observational and experimental design are the basic designs in real world study,while the latter usually refers to pragmatic randomized controlled trial and registry-based randomized controlled trial.Other nonrandomized controlled and adaptive designs can also be adopted in the RWS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708943

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical values of L-6-18 F-fluoro-3,4-dihydroxyphenylala-nine ( 18 F-DOPA) PET in the diagnosis and severity assessment of early-stage Parkinson's disease ( PD) . Methods Thirty-eight patients (24 males, 14 females; age:34-74 years) with early-stage PD (Hoehn-Yahr ( H-Y) staging:1-2) and 5 age-matched healthy volunteers ( all males;age:45-65 years) from July 2016 to March 2017 were included and underwent 18 F-DOPA PET scan in this retrospective study. The stria-tal-to-occipital ratio ( SOR) was calculated and compared between PD patients and healthy volunteers. The unified PD rating scale ( UPDRS) Ⅲ score and H-Y staging were used to evaluate the clinical symptoms. Two-sample t test and Pearson correlation analysis were used. Results In the control group, 18 F-DOPA SORs in bilateral putamen and caudate nucleus were 2.50±0.24 and 2.61±0.23, respectively. In PD group, the SORs of ipsilateral and contralateral putamen nucleus were 2.02±0.27 and 1.80±0.26 respectively, lower than those in the control group ( t values:-4.006,-5.440, both P<0.01) . The SORs of ipsilateral and contralater-al caudate nucleus were 2.16±0.32 and 2.08±0.28 respectively, lower than those in the control group ( t val-ues:-2.990,-4.047, both P<0.01). The SORs of contralateral putamen and caudate nucleus were signifi-cantly lower than those of the ipsilateral striatum respectively (t values:-6.431,-3.837, both P<0.01). Fur-thermore, the SORs in the striatum (putamen and caudate nucleus) were negatively correlated with UPDRSⅢscore, H-Y staging, and duration of disease (r values:from-0.526 to-0.369, all P<0.05). Conclusions 18F-DOPA PET can reflect the changes in the striatum neurons, and it may be an important method in the diag-nosis and assessment of early-stage PD patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697181

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mediating effect of coping styles on the relationship between social support and self-management among young patients with newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes(T2DM).Methods A total of 169 young patients with newly-diagnosed T2DM at China-Japan Friendship Hospital were investigated with the Medical Coping Mmodes Questionnaire,Social Support Rating Scale and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities.Results Among young patients with newly-diagnosed T2DM,there was a positive correlation between social support and confronce coping style(r =0.250,P<0.01).The confronce coping style was positively correlated with self-management(r=0.367,P<0.01).Confronce coping style could explain 15.3%variance of self-management(P<0.01).Confronce coping style had a mediating effect on the relationship between social support and self-management.Conclusions Confronce coping style has a predictive role on self-management among young patients with newly-diagnosed T2DM,and confronce coping style has a mediating effect between social support and self-management.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694823

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between prognostic nutritional index(PNI) and prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients before radiochemotherapy.Methods A total of 153 newly diagnosed NPC patients in Sichuan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively reviewed.The hematological parameters and clinical characteristics before radiochemotherapy were collected,and the follow up for these patients was conducted.The effects of pretreatment hematological parameters and PNI on overall survival were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method.The variables identified as statistically significant differences were further analyzed with multivariate Cox regression analysis.Results The 3,5 and 10-year overall survival were 89.54%,83% and 75.16%.Both PNI and white blood cell count (WBC) before radiochemotherapy were the independent prognostic indicators for NPC in Cox regression analysis.The 3,5 and 10-year overall survival of NPC in PNI ≤49.45 group were lower than those of PNI > 49.45 group.Conclusion PNI and WBC should be the independent prognostic indicators for NPC and closely relate to overall survival of NPC patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692295

ABSTRACT

A two-dimensional liquid chromatography method was developed for the analysis of rice leaves proteomics based on the coupling of hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-reversed-phase liquid chromatography with online tandem mass spectrometry. The influence of pH value of chromatographic mobile phase on the orthogonality of the hydrophilic interaction-reversed-phase two-dimensional liquid chromatography was evaluated by the changes of standard peptide retention. The results indicated that the better orthogonality (R2=0.34113) was achieved from the system with hydrophilic interaction columns(pH 9.3) in the first and C18columns(pH 3.3) in the second LC dimension. Coupled with multiple fraction concatenation strategy,the orthogonality of two-dimensional liquid chromatography was further evaluated in the analysis of complex rice leaf proteins. The results showed that more than 50% of the total peptides were identified less than two times, and the peptides obtained from first-dimension were well distributed across the elution window,indicating that the method showed significant orthogonality in the identification of complex rice leaf proteins. Based on the proteome discoverer software,207345 peptides belonged to 2930 protein clusters were identified.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692273

ABSTRACT

A metabolic profiling analysis method for metabolomic studies of rice leaf was established based on HSS T3 combined with XBridge Amide Q-TOF LC/MS by comparing the influences of different extraction methods in rice leaves of metabolites. The extraction and separation of rice leaf metabolites using three different methods including methanol-chloroform-water,methanol-chloroform-ammonia,methanol-methyl tert-butyl ether -water and different chromatographic systems were compared by the numbers of peaks, identified metabolites and the metabolic pathways. The results showed that the method of methanol-chloroform-water reached the highest coverage rate of metabolites in rice leaves,and the maximum number of unique metabolites including prephenic acid, luteolin, α-linolenic acid, aconitic acid, gibberellin A12 aldehyde, isovitexin, L-Glutamate were detected. Metabolites with different polarity in rice leaf could be detected by HSS T3 and XBridge Amide. A total of 16 kinds of organic acids, 17 kinds of nucleotides, 21 kinds of amino acids, 66 kinds of fatty acids,11 kinds of phospholipids and 7 kinds of sphingolipids were identified. XBridge Amide had an absolute advantage in detecting phospholipids and sphingolipids. The metabolic pathways involved purine metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, arginine metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, phospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism and vitamin B2 synthesis. It showed certain complementarity between the two columns in identifying metabolites and involved the metabolic pathways. The established method is expected to be useful for the metabolomic studies of rice.

15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 527-537, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756984

ABSTRACT

Accumulative evidence has shown the adverse effects of a geomagnetic field shielded condition, so called a hypomagnetic field (HMF), on the metabolic processes and oxidative stress in animals and cells. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we evaluate the role of HMF on the regulation of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. We found that HMF exposure led to ROS decrease, and that restoring the decrease by additional HO rescued the HMF-enhanced cell proliferation. The measurements on ROS related indexes, including total anti-oxidant capacity, HO and superoxide anion levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and expression, indicated that the HMF reduced HO production and inhibited the activity of CuZn-SOD. Moreover, the HMF accelerated the denaturation of CuZn-SOD as well as enhanced aggregation of CuZn-SOD protein, in vitro. Our findings indicate that CuZn-SOD is able to response to the HMF stress and suggest it a mediator of the HMF effect.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Metabolism , Magnetic Fields , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Neuroblastoma , Metabolism , Stress, Physiological , Superoxide Dismutase-1 , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507665

ABSTRACT

Primary liver adenosquamous carcinoma is a rare kind of liver malignant tumor with very poor prognosis. Clinical data of 5 cases were analyzed retrospectively, four male and one female, whose average age was 60.2 years (50-67 years) old. Adenosquamous carcinoma contains both adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma histologically, and squamous carcinoma cells are dominant (>80%). Four cases underwent surgical resection and one received liver transplantation. The postoperative follow-up period ranged from 6 to 35 months and the mean survival time of these cases was about 15 months. Three patients died during the follow-up period. The survival rates 1 and 2 years after operation were 60% and 20%, respectively.

17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 624-637, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757395

ABSTRACT

Living organisms are exposed to the geomagnetic field (GMF) throughout their lifespan. Elimination of the GMF, resulting in a hypogeomagnetic field (HMF), leads to central nervous system dysfunction and abnormal development in animals. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying these effects have not been identified so far. Here, we show that exposure to an HMF (<200 nT), produced by a magnetic field shielding chamber, promotes the proliferation of neural progenitor/stem cells (NPCs/NSCs) from C57BL/6 mice. Following seven-day HMF-exposure, the primary neurospheres (NSs) were significantly larger in size, and twice more NPCs/NSCs were harvested from neonatal NSs, when compared to the GMF controls. The self-renewal capacity and multipotency of the NSs were maintained, as HMF-exposed NSs were positive for NSC markers (Nestin and Sox2), and could differentiate into neurons and astrocyte/glial cells and be passaged continuously. In addition, adult mice exposed to the HMF for one month were observed to have a greater number of proliferative cells in the subventricular zone. These findings indicate that continuous HMF-exposure increases the proliferation of NPCs/NSCs, in vitro and in vivo. HMF-disturbed NPCs/NSCs production probably affects brain development and function, which provides a novel clue for elucidating the cellular mechanisms of the bio-HMF response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Physiology , Female , Magnetic Fields , Male , Mice , Nestin , Metabolism , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229556

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the neuroprotective effects of icariin on formaldehyde (FA)-treated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and the possible mechanisms involved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SH-SY5Y cells were divided into FA treatment group, FA treatment group with icariin, and the control group. Cell viability, apoptosis, and morphological changes were determined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK 8), flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy, respectively. The phosphorylation of Tau protein was examined by western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FA showed a half lethal dose (LD50) of 0.3 mmol/L in SH-SY5Y cells under the experimental conditions. Icariin (1-10 µmol/L) prevented FA-induced cell death in SH-SY5Y cells in a dose-dependent manner, with the optimal effect observed at 5 µmol/L. After FA treatment, the absorbance in FA group was 1.31±0.05, while in the group of icariin (5 µmol/L) was 1.63±0.05. Examination of cell morphology by confocal microscopy demonstrated that 5 µmol/L icariin significantly attenuated FA-induced cell injury (P <0.05). Additionally, Icariin inhibited FA-induced cell apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. Results from western blotting showed that icariin suppressed FA-induced phosphorylation at Thr 181 and Ser 396 of Tau protein, while having no effect on the expression of the total Tau protein level. Furthermore, FA activated Tau kinase glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β) by enhancement of Y216 phosphorylation, but icariin reduced Y216 phosphorylation and increased Ser 9 phosphorylation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Icariin protects SH-SY5Y cells from FA-induced injury poßsibly through the inhibition of GSK-3β-mediated Tau phosphorylation.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Death , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Shape , Cell Survival , DNA Fragmentation , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Formaldehyde , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Metabolism , Humans , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Phosphorylation , tau Proteins , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491463

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of glutamine synthetase ( GS ) in prostate cancer and the utility of 13 N?NH3 PET/CT in detecting prostate cancer. Methods The uptake ratio of 13 N?NH3 and the expression of GS in PC3 and DU145 cells were measured by Western blot and PCR methods. A total of 34 patients with suspected prostate cancer underwent 13 N?NH3 PET/CT imaging and prostate biopsy. Immunohistochemistry staining of GS was performed and Gleason scores of tumors were evaluated. One?way analysis of variance, the least significant difference?t test and Spearman correlation analysis were used to an?alyze data. Results The uptake of 13 N?ammonia in PC3 and DU145 cells elevated along with the decrease of glutamine in medium. The expression of GS mRNA and protein also increased when glutamine was de?creased. In biopsy samples, the mean GS expression scores of prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatitis were 7.76±2.57, 3.98±2.60, 3.34±0.36, respectively (F=36.85, t1=7.97, t2=4?45, all P<0.05), which had a weak correlation with Gleason scores (rs=0.52, P<0.05). In 34 patients, the mean SUVmax of prostate cancer segments (1.56±0.58 and 1.14±0.22;F=5.966, t1=2.63, t2=2.65, all P<0.05). There was a weak correlation between GS expression scores and the uptake of 13 N?ammonia in prostate cancer (rs=0.47, P<0.05). Conclusions Up?regulated expression of GS is common in prostate cancer cells. GS is the main reason for the uptake of 13 N?ammonia, which is a useful tracer for prostate cancer imaging.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481052

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of 13N-NH3 and 18F-FDG PET/CT in the evaluation of untreated gliomas.Methods A total of 45 consecutive patients (29 males,16 females;age range 14-75 years,average age (47.47± 15.64) years) with final diagnosis of glioma from August 2009 to May 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.PET/CT imaging was performed with both 18F-FDG and 13N-NH3.Imaging results were analyzed by tumor-to-gray matter (T/G) ratios.ROC curve analysis was conducted to determine the optimal T/G cutoff values between low-grade and high-grade gliomas.One-way analysis of variance was applied to assess the differential efficacy of the two tracers in different grade of glioma.Results Forty-eight separate lesions were identified (WHO grade Ⅱ,n=16;grade Ⅲ,n=12;and grade Ⅳ,n=20).The sensitivities of 13N-NH3 PET/CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT on predicting high-grade gliomas were 91%(29/32) and 66% (21/32),respectively.The optimal T/G cutoff values for 18F-FDG and 13N-NH3 were 0.64 and 0.86 with the AUC of 0.910 and 0.943,respectively.The sensitivity and positive predictive value of predicting high-grade gliomas with optimal cutoff values were 84% (27/32) and 93% (27/29)for 18F-FDG PET/CT,those for 13N-NH3 PET/CT were 94% (30/32) and 94% (30/32),respectively.Conclusion 13N-NH3 PET/CT is superior to 18F-FDG PET/CT not only in separating low-grade gliomas from high-grade ones,but also in the detection of high-grade gliomas for better tumor to normal gray matter contrast.

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