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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 386-393, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of ultrasonography for detecting the fetal umbilical vein diameter, blood flow volume and normalized volume blood flow and establish normal reference ranges with umbilical vein diameter, blood flow volume and normalized blood flow and Z-scores for umbilical vein diameter and blood volume flow.Methods:This was a prospective study on 907 normal fetuses in the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University and Women and Children Healthcare Hospital of Zhuzhou from March 2019 to December 2020. The umbilical vein diameter (Duv), umbilical vein blood flow volume (Quv) and normalized volume blood flow (nQ = Quv/estimated fetal weight) of the free loop of umbilical vein (FUV) and fetal intra-abdominal umbilical vein (IUV) were collected. And the mean values and 90% confidence intervals of Duv, Quv and nQ in two segments of umbilical veins at different gestational ages were calculated. Regression analysis of Duv, Quv and nQ were performed with gestational age (GA), and the parameters of umbilical vein in different segments were compared. Finally, with gestational age (GA) as the independent variable, Z-scores of the Duv and Quv were built.Results:The mean values and 90% confidence intervals of Duv, Quv, and nQ in 858 (94.6%) normal fetal umbilical veins were successfully obtained. The Duv, Quv of the FUV and IUV increased as pregnancy progressed. The Quadratic curve of Duv and Linear curve of Quv were of the highest fitnesses, respectively( r=0.951, 0.941, 0.986, 0.982; all P<0.001). While nQ increased with GA followed by a decreased trend, and the Quadratic curve was the highest fitting curve of nQ( r=0.610, 0.611; all P<0.001). Duv-FUV was greater than Duv-IUV( P<0.001), nQ-FUV was bigger than Quv-IUV( P=0.001), and he difference was not statistically significant between Quv-FUV and Quv-IUV( P=0.133). Z-scores models of Duv and Quv were successfully established, and all Z-scores were Gaussian distribution. Conclusions:The normal ranges and Z-scores of umbilical vein parameters are useful to improve the evaluation of placental circulation and provide a strong basis for the monitoring of fetus-related diseases and the evaluation of pregnancy prognosis. The choice of FUV or IUV umbilical vein to evaluate placental circulation may depend on the actual situation in clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 483-488, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the variation of renal volume with gestational age(GA), biparietal diameter(BPD), abdominal circumference(AC), femur length (FL) and the Z value calculation formula.Methods:Five hundred and eighty singleton pregnancy women from 20th to 38th gestational weeks in Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were enrolled. Two dimensional ultrasound was performed to record fetal growth parameters and renal longitudinal, transverse, anteroposterior diameters. Renal volume was calculated using ellipsoid volume equation: Volume =6/π×length×width×thickness. Using GA, BPD, AC, FL as independent variables and renal volume as dependent variables, the regression analyses of the mean and the standard deviation(SD) for each parameter were calculated separately. The Z-scores were calculated by the formula: Z-scores=(actual measurements of renal volume-predictive value of renal volume)/SD of predictive value.Results:Five hundred and forty-three cases of normal singleton fetuses were involved.The left and right renal volume were increased along with GA, BPD, AC, FL. Quadratic polynomial regression equations were each fitted to the models( r=0.775, 0.771, 0.811, 0.738, P<0.001; r=0.747, 0.735, 0.754, 0.745, P<0.001, respectively). The SD increased with the increases of independent variables and could be modeled with a simple linear regression( r=0.146, 0.225, 0.071, 0.155, P<0.001; r=0.091, 0.157, 0.091, 0.123, P<0.001, respectively). Z-scores were calculated and proved normally distributed after Shapiro-Wilk test( P>0.05). Conclusions:The normal Z-score reference range of fetal renal volume is established to help assess the normal renal growth and identify fetal renal abnormalities.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 321-324, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop Z-scores for the aortic arch in normal fetuses as a reference for fetuses with suspected coarctation of aorta(CoA).Methods:The aortic arch inner diameters of 610 normal fetuses and 59 CoA fetuses from May 2010 to March 2015 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were measured at the long axis of the aortic arch view. Gestational age(GA), femur length(FL) as the independent variable, the aortic arch inner diameters as the dependent variable, Z-scores were created relating the aortic arch inner diameters to the GA and FL. Z-score=[ln(measured diameter)-ln(predicted diameter)]/root MSE. Z-scores of the CoA fetuses were calculated with the above regression, and compared with the Z-scores of the control group.Results:A simple linear regression model was the best description of the data in each case and correlations between FL and the aortic arch inner diameters were excellent ( P<0.001). There was no significant difference in Z-scores calculated with FL or GA as independent variables ( P>0.05). Z-scores of the control group was between -2 and + 2, Z-scores of the CoA group was significantly lower and below -2( P<0.001). Conclusions:Z-scores of fetal aortic arch are sensitive indicators of fetal coarctation, and are of clinical importance for the diagnosis and follow-up study of CoA.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 231-235, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ultrasonographic features and prognosis of fetal vascular anomalies.Methods:Thirty-one fetuses with vascular anomalies diagnosed from June 2013 to August 2018 in Changsha Hospital for Maternal and Child Health Care were retrospectively analyzed. The location, size, shape, internal echo and blood flow distribution of the lesions were observed by ultrasound carefully, and the prognosis was followed up and analyzed.Results:Among the 31 cases of fetal vascular anomalies, 10 cases were comfirmed by autopsy after induced labor, and 21 cases were confirmed by postpartum local observation or surgery and pathology. Among them, there were 4 cases of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (including 1 case of Parkes-Weber syndrome), 3 cases of hemangioma, 1 case of primary congenital lymphedema and 23 cases of lymphangioma. Thirty-one cases showed lesions coincident with ultrasound localization and diagnosis, including 9 cases of head and neck lesions, 15 cases of trunk lesions, 1 case of upper limb lesion and 6 cases of lower limb lesions. The blood flow spectra of arteriovenous fistulas were found in 3 cases of fetal lesions and no obvious blood flow signals were found in 28 cases of fetal lesions.Conclusions:Prenatal ultrasound examination and follow-up play an important role in the diagnosis and prognostic prediction of fetal vascular diseases. The prognosis of fetal vascular diseases is closely related to the location, size, effect on the surrounding tissue and shunt volume of the lesion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 500-504, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754833

ABSTRACT

To explore the way of prenatal echocardiography in the diagnosis of fetal double aortic arch . Methods T he data of fetuses diagnosed as double aortic arch in 6 prenatal centers in Hunan in echocardiograms performed at 20-36 weeks of gestation from 2013 to 2018 were reviewed . T he characteristics of echocardiographic with double aortic arch , and the associated malformations were observed ,the clinical outcome were analyzed . Results T he main echocardiographic features of the double aortic arch were three‐vessel‐tracheal view s ,which showed a bifurcation of the ascending aorta and a ring consisted of aortic right and left arch . From this retrospective analysis , 29 double aortic arches were identified ,which 8 cases ( 28% ) combined with cardiac defect and extracardiac abnormalities , 1 case with 22q11 deletion . Among them ,5 cases were confirmed by autopsy ,24 cases were diagnosed by computed tomography angiography ( 8 cases were confirmed by operation ) . Conclusions Systematic prenatal echocardiography in the diagnosis of fetal double aortic arch has significant clinical value in the cliagnose of double aortic arch ,w hether it is associated with other malformations and is important for assessing fetal prognosis .

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 301-306, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754802

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of prenatal diagnosis of fetal double outlet ventricle . Methods T he data of double outlet ventricle from fetal echocardiography in Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and Changde Women and Children Health Hospital of Hunan Province from January 2000 to August 2018 were collected . T he statistical method was used to analyze characteristics of echocardiography ,related‐intracardiac and extracardiac abnormalities ,postnatal echocardiography ,surgery and autopsy findings . Results Ninety‐four fetuses were diagnosed with double outlet ventricle ,including 84 cases of double outlet right ventricle ( DORV ) and 10 cases of double outlet left ventricle ( DOLV ) . T he pregnancy was terminated in 45 cases . Autopsy was offered to all patients after termination of pregnancy ,42 cases were consistent with prenatal diagnosis ,1 case was tetralogy of fallot ,2 cases were transposition of great artery . Forty‐nine cases were decided to continue the pregnancy ,32 cases of them were confirmed by postpartum surgery ,17 cases were confirmed by postnatal echocardiography . Echocardiographic findings of fetal double outlet ventricle was characterized by the origin of the both great arteries arising predominantly or completely( >50% ) from the same ventricle . Conclusions Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of double outlet ventricular has important clinical value ,facilitate appropriate prenatal counseling and postnatal management and it should be differentiated with transposition of the great arteries ,tetralogy of fallot and ventricular septal defect .

7.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1397-1405, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813001

ABSTRACT

To investigate whether ischemic postconditioning (IPTC) can promote the recovery of left ventricular impaired regional or global longitudinal systolic function.
 Methods: The trial was divided into a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) group, an PCI+IPTC group and a control group. Thirty-two patients with anterior acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent the first emergency PCI in the PCI group, 28 patients with anterior acute STEMI underwent the combination of PCI and IPTC in the PCI+IPTC group, while 30 patients underwent coronary angiography in the control group. Two-dimensional dynamic echocardiography was collected before operation, 0.5 h, 1 day, 3 days, 1 week, 1 month and 6 months after operation, respectively. The longitudinal strain parameters at different time points were analyzed and compared in the 3 groups.
 Results: The regional longitudinal strain of infracted segments in the PCI+IPTC group after the operation within 1 week was higher than that in the PCI group (P0.05). There was no significant difference in the long-term regional and global longitudinal strains of left ventricle between the PCI+IPTC group and the PCI group (both P>0.05).
 Conclusion: The IPTC can improve the short-term longitudinal systolic function of the reperfused myocardium in patients with acute anterior wall STEMI after PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction , Ischemic Postconditioning , Myocardium , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1190-1193, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705973

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultrasound-guided coarse needle biopsy (US-CNB)in the diagnosis of benign and malignant solid tumors.Methods The clinical data of 317 patients with solid liver lesion detected by US-CNB were reviewed retrospectively.93 cases were diagnosed by pathology after operation,and 196 cases were diagnosed by biopsy,imaging and follow-up.The material satisfaction rate,diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors and postoperative complications were discussed in this study.Results Of the 317 cases,289 cases were successfully taken,28 cases were failed,and the success rate was 91.2%.The overall sensitivity of US-CNB to tumor and non tumor were 98.7% and 95% respectively,with the specificity of 95% and 98.7% respectively.The positive predictive values were 98.7% and 95%respectively,and the negative predictive values were 95% and 98.7%,respectively.No serious complications occurred after puncture.Conclusions Ultrasound-guided coarse needle biopsy is a safe,accurate and effective method to diagnose solid tumors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 132-137, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514009

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the diagnostic approach and clinical outcomes of fetal intraabdominal extralobar pulmonary sequestration (IEPS).Methods Three cases of IEPS were diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound in our center.The data of these 3 cases and 43 cases in prior studies from 1986 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.The prenatal sonographic features,treatment,and outcomes were collected.Results The gestational age of diagnosis IEPS was (24.5±5.9)weeks,the male-to-female ratio was 3-4∶1,78.3% (36/46) of IEPS masses located on the left side,47.8% (22/46) of lesions were homogenous and hyperechoic,8.7% (4/46) of cases associated anomalies,78.3% (36/46) of patients were preformed resection and postoperative recovery and subsequent course were uncomplicated.Feeding arteries were detected in 15.2% (7/46) cases and confirmed by surgery or autopsy.Conclusions Prenatal ultrasound has the diagnostic accuracy of IEPS.Feeding arteries noted on color Doppler are strongly indicators of IEPS.Postsurgical outcomes are favorable.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1938-1940, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610002

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of thrombus removal of external hemorrhoid combined with procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids(PPH) in the treatment of circumferential mixed hemorrhoid with incarceration.Methods A total of 118 cases of circumferential mixed hemorrhoid with incarceration were divided into two groups:experimental group of 60 cases was treated by thrombus removal combined with PPH;control group of 58 cases was treated by Milligan-Morgan.We observed the differences of postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS)score,edema,bleeding,residual skin tag,wound healing time,anal stenosis,fecal incontinence,anorectal manometry and satisfaction in the two groups.Results There was significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in postoperative edema,bleeding and residual skin tag(χ2=6.63,4.19,6.64,P0.05).Postoperative VAS score,wound healing time,satisfaction,anal resting and anal maximal squeeze pressure between the two groups were all statistically different(P<0.01).Conclusion The operation of thrombus removal of external hemorrhoid combined with PPH can effectively reduce the postoperative complications and promote recovery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 771-775, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665121

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of prenatal ultrasound in the diagnosis of inferior vena cava malformation.Methods The ultrasonographic features of 95 cases of fetal inferior vena cava malformation were retrospectively analyzed,and compared with autopsy or postpartum follow-up.Results Among the 95 cases of fetal inferior vena cava malformation,39 cases were confirmed by autopsy,56 cases were diagnosed by neonatal ultrasonography,5 cases were confirmed by angiography or operation.Among them,37 cases were interrupted inferior vena cava,37 cases were double inferior vena cava,21 cases were left inferior vena cava.Forty of the 95 cases were terminate pregnancy(due to intracardiac or extracardiac malformations)or neonatal deaths(42.1%),and 55 cases had good prognoses(57.9%).Conclusions Prenatal ultrasound has important clinical value in diagnosing of inferior vena cava malformation,clearing whether it is associated with other malformations and assessing fetal prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1024-1028, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707604

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application valve of prenatal ultrasound in diagnosis of fetal isolated levocardia ( IL ) . Methods Thirty-eight IL fetuses diagnosed in three prenatal diagnosis centers from 2000 to 2016 were reviewed with their prenatal ultrasound features and cardiac and extracardiac malformations . Results Thirty-eight IL cases included 19 cases of left isomerism ( LI) ,14 cases of right isomerism( RI) and 5 non-classified cases . The overall incidence of malformations in IL patients was 97 .4%with 94 .7% in LI patients and 100% in RI patients . The incidence of cardiac malformations was 92 .1%with 84 .2% in LI patients and 100% in RI patients . The most common congenital heart diseases were:right ventricle outlet obstruction , univentricular physiology and atrioventricular septal defect . Anomalous pulmonary venous connection was more commonly seen in LI patients than in RI patients . The most common extracardiac malformation was duodenal obstruction( 86 .9% ) . Inferior vena cava interruption and polysplenia were more commonly seen in LI patients .Juxtaposition of aorta and inferior vena cava and asplenia were more commonly seen in RI patients . Conclusions IL is very rarely seen in population with high incidence of congenital heart diseases and extracardiac malformations .

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1966-1968, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494496

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the Lactulose Oral Solution's influence in PPH postoperative complications and patients′ satisfactory rate for constipation and to find more intervention measures for reducing the complications. Methods A hundred and twenty cases of hemorrhoids with constipation were randomly divided into the two groups: the experimental group, the control group in 60 cases in each group. All patients’ postoperative bleeding, anal edema, stool impaction and satisfaction were observed and compared within 30 days. Results In the control group, the postoperative bleeding’ cases were of 23, anal edema’s were of 20 and stool impaction‘s were of 8. The incidence was 38.3%, 33.3% and 13.3% severally. The satisfactory patients were of 49 and the degree of satisfaction was of 81.7%. In the experimental group, the postoperative bleeding’ cases were of 12, anal edema’s were of 8 and stool impaction's was of 1. The incidence was 20%, 13.3% and 1.7% respectively. The cases who were satisfactory were of 58 and the degree of satisfaction was 96.7%. The postoperative bleeding , anal edema , stool impaction and satisfaction were different statistically in the two groups above (P < 0.05). Conclusion It can reduce PPH postoperative complications and increase patients′satisfaction by using Lactulose Oral Solution in patients with constipation and it will have a certain clinical value if these patients take this oral solution routinely.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 103-106, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489591

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of serum potassium concentration in rectal cancer patients from the admission to before the operation,to provide clinical evidence for preventing serum potassium disorder during and after their operation.Methods Monitoring of the changes of serum potassium concentration of 40 cases of rectal cancer patients according to three time points including the first day of admission,before taking of cathartics and the morning before operation.They were divided into different groups according to their age(young,middle age and elderly group),gender(male and female group),diet(normal,decreased slightly and serious decline group) and course(long,middle and short course group) of disease.The serum potassium concentration was observed between each time point of each group and SPSS13.0 statistical software was used to analyze the changes above.Results The mean of all patients' serum potassium concentration was (4.09 ± 0.62) mmol/L on the first day of admission,was (3.83 ± 0.46) mmoL/L before taking of cathartics that was decreased compared to the former and there was significant difference (P < 0.01),it was (3.36 ±0.40) mmol/L on the morning of operation and had significant difference with the above two groups (P < 0.01).It hadn't significant difference between different gender and age groups at different time points (P > 0.05) except between the young group and the elderly group in the morning of the operation (P < 0.05).There were statistically significant differences between the different diet condition and different course at anytime point (P < 0.01).Conclusions The rectal cancer patients were possiblely in hypokalemia before operation,the causes might be relative to the long course of disease,the decreased diet,the aged and infirm,the diet structure change after admission and taking cathartics cleaning intestinal tract.

15.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 840-844, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483324

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct Z-score models for normal fetal heart size measurements derived from fetal echocardiography.Methods Fetal echocardiography were performed in 910 normal singleton fetuses from 14th to 40th gestational weeks.Fetal transverse heart diameter (HD),heart length (HL),heart circumference (HC) and heart area (HA) were derived from a standard four-chamber view during end diastole.Using fetal somatic sizes as independent variables and heart sizes as dependent variables,the regression analyses of the mean (M) and the standard deviation (SD) for each parameter were calculated separately.A group of fetal heart diseases were assessed using these models.Results Strong correlations were found between fetal heart sizes and somatic sizes.Linear-cubic regression equations were each fitted to the models of the means of the heart sizes,whereas linear-quadratic equations were fitted to the models of the SDs.HD (r =0.984-0.986) was a dependent variable that provided the highest correlation coefficient with all of the fetal sizes,followed by HL (r =0.981-0.984),HC (r =0.981-0.982) and HA (r =0.978-0.979).All fetuses with Ebstein' s anomaly and most with homozygous α thalassemia-1 demonstrated Z scores reflective of increased heart sizes.Conclusions The fetal heart sizes Z-scores models had been constructed.The calculation of Z-scores for heart sizes as a function of fetal somatic size is feasible and simple.They might be useful for quantitative assessment of some cardiac diseases and used as new predictive indicators for homozygous α-thalassemia-1 particularly.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 520-522, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480094

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to provide clinical evidence of reducing postoperative complications of procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids and observe the effects of constipation on postoperative complications of procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids.Methods One hundred and sixty cases of hemorrhoid were divided into two groups according to whether suffering from constipation:there were eihgty cases who were suffered from constipation in the experimental group and eighty cases who were not suffered from constipation in the control group.All patients' postoperative bleeding,anal edema,stool impaction and satisfaction were observed within 30 days and these data were compared and analysed by using SPSS 13.0 software.Results In the experimental group,the postoperative bleeding incidence was 37.5 % (30/80),the anal edema incidence was 31.3 % (25/80),the stool impaction inci dence was 8.6% (7/80),and the patients' satisfaction rate was 88.6% (71/80).In the control group,the postoperative bleeding incidence was 18.6% (15/80),the anal edema's incidence was 15.0% (12/80),the stool impaction incidence was 1.3% (1/80),and the patients' satisfaction rate was 97.5% (78/80).All the indexes above were different statistically in the two groups (P < 0.05).Conclusion constipation could increase complications and reduce the degree of satisfaction after procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids.

17.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 566-570, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476427

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regional cerebral blood flow perfusion in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD)by three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasound (3D PD).Methods The vascular index (VI),flow index (FI)and vascular/flow index (VFI)in the main arterial territories [middle cerebral artery (MCA ),anterior cerebral artery (ACA ) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA )] were prospectively compared in 1 12 fetuses with CHD and 1 12 normal fetuses using 3D PD.Correlations between the 3D PD indices and neurodevelopment scores were assessed.Results Compared with the controls,the VI,FI and VFI of the three main arteries were significantly increased in fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)and left sided obstructive lesions (LSOL)(P < 0.001 ).The mean psychomotor development index (PDI)and mental development index (MDI)scores were significantly lower than normal (P <0.001).ACA VI and ACA VFI were positively correlated with PDI (r =0.377,P =0.01 5 and r =0.389,P = 0.012,respectively)but were not correlated with MDI.Conclusions Cerebral blood flow perfusion in three main arteries was significantly increased in fetuses with HLHS/LSOL,and blood flow perfusion in ACA area was significantly increased in fetuses with TGA.ACA-VI,ACA-FI had association with neurodevelopment scores.3D PD ultrasound might help to identify cases of brain vasodilatation earlier and inform parental counseling.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 16-18, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outcome and prenatal diagnosis feasibility of fetal congenital cardiac diventiculum.Methods The data of 12 fetuses with congenital cardiac diventiculum were retrospectively reviewed.The prenatal and postnatal medical records,including the characteristics of diverticulum,presence of abnormalities,karyotype and the outcomes of each pregnancy were collected.Results The overall incidence of cardiac diventiculum was 0.03% (12/40 564) and the rate of incidence between left and right ventricle was 2 ∶ 1.Mean size of diventiculum was (69.75 ± 28.73)mm2,mean diameter of the diventiculum neck was (3.58 ± 0.80) mm and mean thickness of diventiculum wall was (1.54± 0.29)mm.Seven cases (58.4%) as an isolated malformation,5 cases (41.6%) combined with cardiac defect and extracardiac abnormalities,2 cases (16.7 %) with chromosomal abnormalities.Five cases underwent termination of pregnancy,1 case died in uterus and 6 cases were born live.The mean follow-up periods was (62.33±-36.52)month.Of the 6 follow-up cases,4 cases (66.7%) remained asymptomatic,one case underwent drug therapy because of arrhythmia and one case combined with VSD underwent operation.Conclusions Echocardiography could be an useful tool to demonstrate and monitor congenital cardiac diventiculum prenatally and postnatally.The outcome of cardiac diventiculum depends on the size,progression,and the combined abnormalities and complications.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 212-214,220, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601966

ABSTRACT

Objectives To construct reference range of fetal optic tract mean diameter and to report the measured optic tract mean diameter in fetuses with agenesis of the septum pellucidum (SP).Methods Three-dimensional volumes of the optic chiasm were acquired in 254 normal fetuses during routine sonographic examination at 21 ~ 40 weeks' gestation and the diameters of posterior left and right optic tracts were measured offline.A polynomial regression approach was used to calculate reference charts for the fetal optic tract mean diameter.In addition,16 three-dimensional volumes were acquired in fetuses with SP agenesis for offline measurement of optic tract diameter.The complete follow-up data were obtained in 7 of these 16 cases.Results In normal fetuses,the optic tract diameter increased linearly throughout gestation.Normal charts and equations were constructed.Among 7 fetuses with SP agenesis and complete follow-up,one had postnatal normal vision,two had hypoplastic optic tract,and four underwent termination of pregnancy.Three cases of normal childbirth were tested after the baby was born as a bundle of apparent dysplasia,including 1 case of neonatal characterized by lack of vision at the one year old and 2 cases of impaired vision.Four cases of termination of pregnancy included 1 case with tracking pathological confirmation of optic nerve hypoplasia,and the other 3 cases without tracking the pathological results.Conclusions We present new reference charts for fetal optic tract mean diameter.In fetuses with agenesis of the SP,sonography of the optic tract might be a useful tool to assess its development and may help prenatal counseling.

20.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 486-494, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the superiority, feasibility and clinical signifi cance of the four-dimensional spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) in detection of the right ventricle function of fetus.@*METHODS@#Th e STIC dynamic images of 180 normal fetal hearts at 24+0 to 37+6 weeks of gestation were obtained by the three-dimensional (3D) probe. Th e post-process evaluation was done off -line with the virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) software. The computer recorded the right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESV), and then calculated the right stroke volume (RSV), the right cardiac output (RCO) and the right ejection fraction (REF). RCO was standardized by biometric measurements obtained at prenatal screening, including head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL) and estimated fetal weight (EFW).@*RESULTS@#The overall successful rate in image acquisition was 83.89% and the repeatability was favorable. After the standardization of fetal biometric parameters (HC, AC, FL) and the right ventricle function indexes (RVEDV, RVESV, RSV), RCO was increased with the gestational age while the REF and RCO/EFW fluctuated within a certain range.@*CONCLUSION@#STIC technique can accurately and objectively measure the fetal ventricular volume and it might be a potential strategy in the clinical assessment of the fetal cardiac function.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Biometry , Fetal Heart , Diagnostic Imaging , Physiology , Gestational Age , Stroke Volume , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Ventricular Function, Right
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