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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1-6, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience of radiation oncology residency training programs in western coutries, and provide evidence to improve the present Phase-I Radiation Oncology Residency Training Programs in China.Methods:An electronic questionnaire-based survey was conducted among residents and staffs in 6 top cancer centers in China and 5 centers from Europe and North America to collect their feedback regarding the description and comparison of different programs.Results:A total of 70 responses and 4 papers explaining relevant training programs from 26 residents and 23 teachers in Chinese hopsitals and 20 residents and 1 teacher from Europe and North America were received. The Radiation Oncology Residency Training Programs in China were designed into 2 phases, and the results in the current study were involved with the first phase. Program designs were similar in the following aspects: goal, clinical practice-based training, rotation curriculum, interim and final assessment. However, the total timeframe in the investigated Chinese Phase-I programs was shorter than that in western hospitals (2 to 3 years vs. 4 to 5 years). Chinese programs covered major common diseases, whereas rotation design was performed based on each individual disease in western programs. In Chinese programs, the working hours were mainly 40-60 h every week. Although the working hours were commensurate with local workforce regulations, the residents from MSK program had an outstanding longer working time of 60-80 h every week and treated more patients compared with other programs. Conclusions:The investigated Phase-I Radiation Oncology Residency Training Programs in 6 top cancer centers in China share common features in goals, training modes and assessments with western programs. However, our programs have shorter timeframe and less detailed requirements in individual disease than the western programs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 259-261, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of HPV detection in squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical lymph node metastasis from an unknown primary site.Methods:Clinical data of 6 patients who were initially diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical lymph node metastasis from an unknown primary site and eventually diagnosed with HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma were collected, and the process of diagnosis was analyzed.Results:Upon the initial admission, all patients were diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical lymph node metastasis with positive p16 expression, positive HPV-16 subtype and negative EBER expression. No obvious primary lesion was found after comprehensive examination. Subsequently, four of them underwent ipsilateral tonsollar blind biopsy ( n=2) and ipsilateral tonsillectomy ( n=2). All these four patients were pathologically diagnosed with tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma. For the other two cases, MRI detected the thickening complicated with enhancement of ipsilateral wall of oropharynx and tongue root after follow-up for D149 and D545 , respectively. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and tongue root, respectively. Conclusion:For patients with HPV-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical lymph node metastasis from an unknown primary site, the possibility that the primary lesion originates from the oropharyngeal site, especially the tonsil and tongue root, should be highly suspected.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2503-2507, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829358

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the microwave processing technology of yellow wine-processed Corydalis yanhusuo . METHODS:The contents of opioid alkaloid ,berberine hydrochloride and tetrahydropalmatine in C. yanhusuo processed with yellow wine were determined by HPLC. The contents of the extracts were determined by hot dipping method. Based on the single factor tests ,using the appearance of yellow wine-processed C. yanhusuo with microwave processing technology ,the contents of extract,opioid alkaloid ,berberine hydrochloride and tetrahydropalmatine as indexes ,with the amount of yellow wine ,wetting time,microwave power and microwaving time as factors ,the processing technology was optimized with orthogonal test combined with comprehensive weighted scoring method ,and then validated and compared with traditional yellow wine-processed C. yanhusuo . RESULTS:The linear ranges of opioid alkaloid ,berberine hydrochloride and tetrahydropalmatine were 0.100-1.500 μg(R2=0.999 6), 0.012-0.188 μg(R2=0.999 5),0.050-0.750 μg(R2=0.999 8). RSDs of precision ,stability(12 h)and repeatability tests were all less than 2% . The recoveries were 99.15% -100.34%(RSD=0.54% ,n=6),99.52% -100.78%(RSD=0.69% ,n=6), 99.26%-99.79%(RSD=0.28%,n=6). The optimum microwave processing technology included that the amount of yellow wine was 4 g(about 20% of medicinal material amount ),microwave power was 40%,wetting time was 3 hour,processing time was 3 min. The results of three verification tests showed that the contents of extract ,opioid alkaloid ,berberine hydrochloride and tetrahydropalmatine were 15.7%-16.1%,0.061%-0.063%,0.003%-0.004% and 0.061%-0.063%. The comprehensive scores were 97.916,94.730 and 97.217,and RSD were 0.42%,0.38%,0.46%(n=3),respectively. Compared with traditional yellow wine processing technology ,there was no significant difference in the contents of opioid alkaloid and other components ,but no scorched spot and crumbs was found in yellow wine-processed C. yanhusuo with microwave processing technology. CONCLUSIONS:Established method for content determination is simple ,accurate,reliable and reproducible ,and can be used for quantitative analysis of active components in yellow wine-processed C. yanhusuo . Optimized microw ave processing technology is stable and feasible ,and can be used for the processing of yellow wine-processed C. yanhusuo .

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 531-533, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818814

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze correlation between overweight and obesity among primary school students in Lanzhou with exercise and environmental factors around schools, and to provide a reference for reducing the overweigh and obesity rate of students.@*Methods@#Using cluster random sampling method, a total of 3 600 pupils from grade 4 to grade 6 in 8 primary schools in 4 districts of Lanzhou were investigated. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between overweight and obesity, exercise and environmental factors surrounding schools.@*Results@#The overweight rate was 13.8% (18.0% for boys and 9.5% for girls) and the obesity rate was 10.8%(11.7% for boys and 9.8% for girls), there was statistical significance in the differences of overweight rate between genders(χ2=55.10, P<0.01). There was no statistical significance in the differences of obesity rate between genders(χ2=3.39, P=0.07). The primary environmental factors causing overweight and obesity among boys included number of Internet cafes(OR=1.81), while for girls it was number of fast food restaurants(OR=2.39).@*Conclusion@#Too many Internet cafes and fast food restaurants surrounding school associates with higher risk of obesity among students. Public health interventions should be implemented targeting surrounding environment of schools, which might help reducing the occurrence of overweight and obesity in primary school students.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 245-249, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708175

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was conducted to evaluate treatment-related toxicities,the patterns of failure,overall survival(OS)and progression-free survival(PFS)by comparing IFI with ENI in combination with chemotherapy. Methods Eligible patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy and randomized into either an IFI or ENI arm. The primary end points wereacute treatment-related toxicities. The secondary end points were patterns of failure,OS and PFS. Kaplan?Meier survival rate of the method for calculating the Logrank test difference method. Results Between April 2012 and October 2016,a total of 228 patients were enrolled from nine centers in china. Grade≥3,Grade≥2 radiation esophagitis and pneumonitis in the IFI arm were significantly lower than that of the ENI arm(P=0.018,0.027).No significant differences were observed in overall failure rates,loco-regional failure,distant failure rates,in-field and out-field lymph node failure between the two arms(P=0.401,0.561,0.510,0.561,0.681).The 1-,2-, 3-,4-yearand median OS in the ENI arm and IFI arm were 84.1%,57.3%,39.4%,31.6%,28 months and 83.6%,62.1%,44.5%,31.5%,32 months(P=0.654),respectively. The 1-,2-,3-yearand median PFS in the ENI arm and IFI arm were 71.9%,42.3%,32.7%,20 months and 70.1%,45.0%,35.9%,22 months (P=0.885),respectively. Conclusions Compared to ENI,IFI resulted in decreased radiation pneumonitis and esophagitis without sacrificing loco-regional lymph nodal control,PFS and OS in thoracic ESCC. Clinical Trial Registry Chinese Clinical trail registry,registration number:NCT01551589.

6.
China Oncology ; (12): 487-495, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616284

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. The new technology of mammography is helpful in breast cancer diagnosis. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) with conventional imaging methods in the diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions.Methods:During the period from Mar. 2015 to Dec. 2015, 227 patients with suspected lesions (by palpation or sonography) underwent further imaging exam in our hospital. The sonography, full-field digital mammography (FFDM), DBT and breast MRI were performed on all the patients. A double-blind assessment was carried out according to BI-RADS (version 2013) by experienced radiologists. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of all methods, referring to the pathological data as the golden standard; the difference in the efficiency of DBT from the other methods was determined byZ-test.Results:Thirty patients were excluded for the unsatisfactory images, and 205 lesions (132 malignant and 73 benign lesions) were detected in the remaining 197 patients. Area under the curve (AUC) of sonography, FFDM, DBT, DBT+FFDM and MRI based on the BI-RADS were 0.8308, 0.8592, 0.9167, 0.9198, and 0.9354, respectively. The AUC of DBT was significantly higher than those of sonography (Z=7.36,P=0.0067) and FFDM (Z=4.89,P=0.0271), while there was no significantly difference between DBT and MRI (Z=0.02,P=0.9002) or FFDM+DBT (Z=0.69,P=0.4048).Conclusion:DBT could significantly improve the diagnostic performance for breast lesions compared with sonography and FFDM, providing a comparable efficiency to MRI. As a new mammography technology, DBT has good clinical application prospect.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 220-226, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488159

ABSTRACT

[ Abstract] Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of preoperative three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy for esophageal carcinoma.Methods We retrospectively analyzed 103 esophageal carcinoma patients who received preoperative 3DRT with or without concurrent chemotherapy from 2004 to 2014 in Cancer Hospital CAMS.The median radiation dose was 40 Gy, and the TP or PF regimen was adopted for concurrent chemotherapy if needed.The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival ( DFS) were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival difference and univariate prognostic analyses were performed by the log-rank test.The Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results The number of patients followed at 3-years was 54.The 3-year OS and DFS rates were 61.1% and 54.9%, respectively, for all patients.There were no significant differences between the 3DRT and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) groups as to OS (P=0.876) and DFS (P=0.521).The rates of complete, partial, and minimal pathologic responses of the primary tumor were 48.0%, 40.2%, and 11.8%, respectively.There were significant differences in OS and DFS between the complete, partial, and minimal pathologic response groups (P=0.037 and 0.003). No significant difference in pathologic response rate was found between the 3DRT and CCRT groups (P=0.953).The lymph node metastasis rate was 26.5%, and this rate for the complete, partial, and minimal pathologic response groups was 14%, 30%, and 67%, respectively, with a significant difference between the three groups (P=0.001).The OS and DFS were significantly higher in patients without lymph node metastasis than in those with lymph node metastasis (P=0.034 and 0.020).The surgery-related mortality was 7.8% in all patients.Compared with the 3DRT group, the CCRT group had significantly higher incidence rates of leukopenia (P=0.002), neutropenia (P=0.023), radiation esophagitis (P=0.008), and radiation esophagitis ( P=0.023).Pathologic response of the primary tumor and weight loss before treatment were independent prognostic factors for OS and DFS (P=0.030,0.024 and P=0.003,0.042). Conclusions Preoperative 3DRT alone or with concurrent chemotherapy can result in a relatively high complete pathologic response rate, hence increasing the survival rate.Further randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm whether preoperative CCRT is better than 3DRT in improving survival without increasing the incidence of adverse reactions.

8.
China Oncology ; (12): 801-812, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501538

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) represents approximately 5%~10%of malignant neoplasms. For CUP patients, identiifcation of tumor origin allows for more speciifc therapeutic regimens and improves outcomes.Methods:By retrieving the gene expression data from ArrayExpress and Gene Expression Omnibus data repositories, we established a comprehensive gene expression database of 5 800 tumor samples encom-passing 22 main tumor types. The support vector machine-recursive feature elimination algorithm was used for feature selection and classiifcation modelling. We further optimized the RNA isolation and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTQ-PCR) methods for candidate gene expression proifling and applied the RTQ-PCR assays to a set of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples.Results:Based on the pan-cancer transcriptome database, we identiifed a list of 96-tumor speciifc genes, including common tumor markers, such as cadherin 1 (CDH1), kallikrein-re-lated peptidase 3 (KLK3), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Furthermore, we successfully translated the microarray-based gene expression signature to the RTQ-PCR assays, which allowed an overall success rate of 88.4% (95%CI: 83.2%-92.4%) in classifying 22 different tumor types of 206 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. Conclusion:The 96-gene RTQ-PCR assay represents a useful tool for accurately identifying tumor origins. The assay uses RTQ-PCR and routine formalin-ifxed, paraffn-embedded samples, making it suitable for rapid clinical adoption.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 611-614, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480476

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of consolidation chemotherapy after thoracic radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy for patients with oligometastatic non?small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) . Methods Sixty?six NSCLC patients with more than five metastases from 2008 to 2013 were enrolled, and image?guided radiotherapy with conventionally fractionated or hypofractionated doses were performed for these patients. Platinum?based doublets chemotherapy was applied for both concurrent chemoradiotherapy and consolidation chemotherapy. Short?term outcome, adverse reactions, and survival rate were assessed for the patients after treatment. Results Sixty?four patients completed the treatment. The median biologically equivalent dose for planning target volume of thoracic primary tumor lesions was 72 Gy, with a median number of chemotherapy cycles of 4. The objective response rate for thoracic lesions was 70%. The follow?up rate was 97%. The 1?, 2?, and 3?year overall survival ( OS) rates were 72%, 53%, and 31%, respectively, with a median OS time of 25 months;the 1?, 2?, and 3?year progression?free survival ( PFS) rates were 56%, 26%, and 7%, respectively, with a median PFS time of 14 months. The incidence of grade 2?3 acute radiation pneumonitis and radiation esophagitis was 1% and 17%, respectively, and the incidence of grade 3?4 decreases in leukocytes, hemoglobin, and platelet count was 39%, 11%, and 16%, respectively. Conclusions Radical radiotherapy combined with concurrent and consolidation chemotherapy for oligometastatic NSCLC can achieve good short?term outcome and long?term survival, with tolerable adverse effects.

10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 851-861, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757640

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) that exert function by posttranscriptional suppression have recently brought insight in our understanding of the role of non-protein-coding RNAs in carcinogenesis and metastasis. In this study, we described the function and molecular mechanism of miR-139-5p in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its potential clinical application in CRC. We found that miR-139-5p was significantly downregulated in 73.8% CRC samples compared with adjacent noncancerous tissues (NCTs), and decreased miR-139-5p was associated with poor prognosis. Functional analyses demonstrated that ectopic expression of miR-139-5p suppressed CRC cell migration and invasion in vitro and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistic investigations revealed that miR-139-5p suppress CRC cell invasion and metastasis by targeting AMFR and NOTCH1. Knockdown of the two genes phenocopied the inhibitory effect of miR-139-5p on CRC metastasis. Furthermore, the protein levels of the two genes were upregulated in CRC samples compared with NCTs, and inversely correlated with the miR-139-5p expression. Increased NOTCH1 protein expression was correlated with poor prognosis of CRC patients. Together, our data indicate that miR-139-5p is a potential tumor suppressor and prognostic factor for CRC, and targeting miR-139-5p may repress the metastasis of CRC and improve survival.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Therapeutics , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HCT116 Cells , HEK293 Cells , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , RNA Interference , Receptor, Notch1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Autocrine Motility Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid , Survival Analysis , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 160-162, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447278

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and analyze the long-term curative effects and complications for early stage thoracic esophageal cancer patients treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and 252Cf neutron brachytherapy (NBT).Methods From May 2002 to May 2012,26 patients with early stage squamous cell carcinoma who underwent EBRT and 252Cf NBT were respectively analyzed.Patients were treated 5 days per week at 2 Gy/day for a total dose of 50 Gy with EBRT.The total radiation dose to the reference point was 12-16 Gy-eq in 3-4 fractions with 4 Gy-eq/fraction with 252Cf NBT.The 1-,3-and 5-year follow-up rates were all 100 %.Results The 1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were 95.5 %,95.5 % and 83.5 %,respectively.The early complication rates for grades 1 and 2 radiation esophagitis were 76.9 % (20/26) and 23.1% (6/26),respectively.The late complication rates for grades 0 and 1 (according to the RTOG/EORTC standard) were 84.6 % (22/26) and 15.4 % (4/26),respectively.Barium esophagography after treatments confirmed that the complete response rate was 100 %.Twenty-two patients were confirmed by endoscopy to have either normal mucosa or inflammation change.Conclusion EBRT combined with 252Cf NBT is an effective and safe treatment for early stage esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4409-4413, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433613

ABSTRACT

10.3969/j.issn.2095-4344.2013.24.006

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 217-221, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425903

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the value of the international union against cancer (UICC)stage,pathologic complete response (pCR),and the estimated treatment response as various means for prognostic stratifying patients after surgery in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus who received preoperative radiotherapy (RT).MethodsA retrospective review was performed on 311 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received RT before the esophagectomy. Data collected included the demographics,the RT details,the pathologic findings,and the survival.Prognostic survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and Logrank test.ResultsThe follow-up rate was 96.5%,89 and 43 patients,respectively were followed up more than 5 and 10 years.In univariate analysis,residual disease and the number of positive lymph node were predictors of the overall survival ( T-pCR,x2 =11.53,P =0.001 ;0,1 -3,≥4,x2=42.13,P=0.000,respectively).Further study found the 7th stage system of UICC cannot (can or cannot) entirely predict the prognosis of this group of patients.If categorizing the stages of their lymph nodes into three groups:N0(0),N1 (1-3) and N2(≥4)),and the modified UICC system can accurately distinguish ypStage Ⅰ with ypStage Ⅱ ( T0.3 N 1 M0 + T3 N0 M0 ) ( x2 =11.15,P =0.001 ) and ypStage Ⅱ with ypStage Ⅲ ( T4 N0-1 M0 and T0-3 N2 M0 ) ( x2 =23.39,P =0.000 ).ConclusionsThe pathologic post-radiotherapy T stage and the number of positive lymph node are predictors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma receiving preoperative radiotherapy.The modified UICC stage system can be a better survival predictor than the 7th UICC stage system.

14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 107-110, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391636

ABSTRACT

Objectives To measure the microstructural differences in the brains of participants with amnestic mild cognitive impairment ( aMCI) and compare with a control group using a magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging ( DTI) technique with fully automated image analysis tools. Methods A standardized clinical and neuropsychological evaluation was conducted on each subject 31 participants (15 participants with aMCI, 16 healthy elderly adults) underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based DTI. To control the effects of anatomical variation, the diffusion images of all participants were registered to standard anatomical space. Voxel-by-voxel comparisons showed significant regional reductions in white matter regions of fractional anisotropy (FA) in the participants with aMCI as compared with the controls. Results Significantly decreased FA value measurements (P<0. 001) were observed in the right frontal white matter in participants with aMCI. Moreover, there was a statistically significant difference between the patients with aMCI and controls in considering the small regions of bilateral superior frontal gyrus white matter (P < 0.001). Conclusions White matter damage of frontal lobe may play an important role in histopathologic changes associated with amnestic mild cognitive impairment

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 18-22, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391398

ABSTRACT

Objective To study if tumor retraction assessed by endiscopic uhrasonography (EUS) during radiotherapy has prognostic value in esophageal carcinoma, which may further predict the radiosensi-tivity. Methods The maximal tumor thickness was measured by EUS before radiotherapy and at 40 Gy in patients with esophaged carcinoma. Response was defined as at least 50% reduction in tumor thickness. Re-suits A total of 51 patients were included. The median follow-up time was 28.5 months. The median sur-vival time was 24.3 months. The treatment was radiotherapy alone, concurrent chemoradiotherapy and pre-operative treatment in 35, 10 and 6 patients, respectively. Tumor response was assessed by EUS in 18 pa-tients (34%). The 2-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 69% and 59% for responders, comparing with 37% and 29% for non-responders (χ~2= 5.78, P = 0.016 and χ~2= 3.97, P =0.046, respectively). In radiotherapy alone group, the 2-year OS and PFS were significantly higher in responders (n = 11) comparing with non-responders (n =24)(60% vs 44% ,χ~2 =5.84,P =0.016 and 20% vs 10% ,χ~2 =4.20, P =0. 040). In preoperative radio (chemo) therapy group (n =6), pathological-ly complete response, partial response and minimal response were observed in 4, 1 and 1 patients, respec-tively. EUS detected tumor response in 4 of 5 (80%) patients with tumor regression, and non-response in 1 of 1 patient without tumor regression. Conclusions The prognosis is better in patients with esophageal car-cinoma responding to neoadjuvant treatment identified by EUS than that of non-responders.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 512-516, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385974

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the dynamic changes of anatomy and the dosimeter distribution those changes influenced. Methods Initially simplified intensity modulated radiation therapy (sIMRT)were performed to twenty-nine patients with phase Ⅲ - Ⅳa esophageal carcinoma from January 2007 to March 2009. The target volumes and involving organs were contoured on the primary spiral CT pictures.After sIMRT planning being finished, secondary CT scan was acquired to rectify the treatment center. For eleven patients at every other week and eighteen patients at the fourth week, spiral CT images were acquired according to the same treatment center, and thereafter fused with the first CT images. Firstly, the law of change and the best time of replanning were searched:the changed gross tumor volume (GTV), gross node volume (GTVnd), plan target volume (PTV) and normal organs (lung, spinal cord, heart and outline) on the fusion interface were modified by a single physician, the changes for each structure throughout treatment were measured by system software. Secondly, dose distributions were computed and evaluated for replanning CT using the same beams arrangement as the initial plan. Cumulative dose was estimated using weighted average and compared with the original plan. Results For eleven patients, The law of change:the volume of outlines and GTV gradually decreased, and the change come to peak in the fourth week. The conformal index for PTV gradually decreased, whereas the heterogeneous index gradually increased. For twenty-nine patients on the fourth week, the dose of GTV were more than 60 Gy. The dose of PTV-D95 and CTV-D99 decreased ( t = 1.49, P = 0. 147 and t = 2. 07, P = 0. 048 respectively). The dose of CTV-D99 in two patients deceased to 54 Gy or less. The cord-Dmax and lung V30 increased significantly ( t = - 2. 42, P = 0. 022 and t = -2. 26,P =0. 032). Conclusions During the course of sIMRT for esophageal cancer, the volume of GTV decreased and the change come to peak in the fourth week. It is the best time for evaluating the change of dose of target volume using CT-CT fusion. For some patients, revise of the treatment plan is needed to ensure adequate target volume dosage and safety of normal tissues.

17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 721-730, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294584

ABSTRACT

The shape of dental arch for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment is of great significance. This paper presents an automated method for detecting the dental arch form. Firstly, 3D teeth data model is retrieved by the 3D-optical measuring system. Secondly, the occlusal plane is computed by interactively picking up four feature points. Thirdly, the feature point set is filtered by the rule and two-step curve fitting method is used to obtain the dental arch form. Finally, some examples are tested in this work and the results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is effective and feasible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Graphics , Computer Simulation , Dental Arch , Models, Dental , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Malocclusion , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Pattern Recognition, Automated
18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 47-51, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397083

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) for esophageal carcinoma and identify prognostic factors in this patient group.Methods From May 2002 to Jun 2005,132 patients with unresectable or inoperable esophageal cancer were treated with 3DCRT in our hospital.Their chnical data were analyzed retrospectively.ResultsThe 1-and 2-year local control rates was 65.4% and 52.1% in the whole group,respectively.The overall 1-and 2-year survival rate was 50.7% and 32.2% ,respectively.The median survival time was 13 months.The 1-and 2-year survival rate was 56.7%and 36.7% in stageⅠ + Ⅲ ,respectively,with 35.2% and 14.7% in stage IV.The median survival time were 15 months and 9 months for stage Ⅰ +Ⅲ and Ⅳ,respectively(x2 = 8.17,P = 0.004). Of patients with stage Ⅰ + Ⅲ disease who were absent of perforation sign before radiotherapy,with lesion length less than 8.0 cm and whole course given by 3DCRT,the 1-and 2-year survival rate was 73.0% and 49.9%,respectively.Univariate analysis revealed that condition of alimentation,absence of perforation sign, short lesion length,early TNM stage were associated with good survival.Multivariate analysis confirmed that absence of perforation sign and lesion length were independent prognostic factors for survival. Conclusions 3DCRT is effective for esophageal carcinomas in terms of survival and local control.Further improvement could be achieved with muhi-modality treatment.Absence of perforation sign and lesion length are independ ent prognostic factors for survival.

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