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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2684-2688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905021

ABSTRACT

The prevalence rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing year by year and it has become one of the most common chronic liver diseases in the world. Studies have shown that circular RNA (circRNA) is closely associated with NAFLD and is considered a potential diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for NAFLD. This article summarizes the regulatory role of circRNA in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and its value in diagnosis and treatment and points out that circRNA plays an important role in the development and progression of NAFLD and may have important clinical significance in the diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients ASXL2, ZBTB7A gene mutations and the prognosis.@*METHODS@#42 AML Patients treated in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2016 were selected and ASXL2 and ZBTB7A genes of their bone marrow samples were sequenced, the genetic characteristics and prognosis of core-binding factor-AML(CBF-AML) patients with ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ASXL2 (33.3%) and ZBTB7A (9.5%) mutations were found in t (8; 21) AML patients. Compared with wild-type, patients with ASXL2 mutations showed significantly higher white blood cell count at diagnosis [(9.49±1.85)×10@*CONCLUSION@#ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations are frequently found in t (8; 21) AML patients. The mutation of ASXL2 and ZBTB7A genes shows no significant effect on the prognosis of AML patients.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Prognosis , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873252

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the efficacy of modified Qiju Dihuang pills in protecting renal function of patients with early renal impairment with syndrome of Yin deficiency and Yang hyperactivity caused by hypertension and its effect in resisting inflammation and oxidative stress, and improving endothelial function. Method::Randomly divided into control group (59 cases) and observation group (60 cases) by random number table. Patients in control got valsartan capsules, 80 mg/time, 1 time/day. And patients whose blood pressure can't be controlled were added with nifedipine tablets, 10 mg/time, 1 time/day. In addition to the therapy of control group, patients in observation group were added with modified Qiju Dihuang pills, 1 dose/day. The control group took Qiju Dihuang pills.The courses of treatment were 16 weeks. And levels of cystatin C (CysC), urinary N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase (NAG), β2 microglobulin (β2-MG), urinary microalbumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and emodynamics of kidney were detected. Blood pressure, systolic pressure (SBP), diastolic pressure (DBP) and blood pressure renal artery resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) were recorded, and Yin deficiency and Yang hyperactivity were scored. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), adiponectin (ADPN) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) were detected. Result::The total effective rate in observation group was 91.67%(55/60), which was higher than 76.27%(45/59) in control group (χ2=5.255, P<0.05). Levels of SBP and DBP were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). At the 16th week during the treatment, the compliance rate of blood pressure was 90.66%, which was higher than 84.13% in control group (χ2=127.65, P<0.01). And levels of CysC, β2-MG, NAG, UACR, RI, PI, ET-1, SOD, GSH-Px, IL-6, NF-κB and TNF-α were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of NO, SOD and GSH-Px were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::In addition to the therapy for controlling blood pressure with routine western medicine, modified Qiju Dihuang pills can reduce level of the blood pressure, and control blood pressure with the standard, with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects. It can also improve the vasomotor function and the flow of kidney, protect the kidney function, and reduce the degree of injury, so as to delay the process of kidney damage and improve the prognosis.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2441-2445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829629

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association between serum interleukin (IL) and liver pathological changes in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). MethodsA total of 59 patients with CHB who were treated in Putuo District Central Hospital of Shanghai from February 2018 to February 2019 were enrolled as subjects, and liver biopsy was performed for all patients. According to the degree of liver inflammation, the patients were divided into mild inflammation (G1-G2) group and severe inflammation (G3-G4) group, and according to the degree of liver fibrosis, the patients were divided into mild fibrosis (S0-S2) group and severe fibrosis (S3-S4) group. Serum liver function parameters, blood lipids, interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were measured for all patients. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Wilcoxon non-parametric test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A Spearman correlation analysis was also performed. ResultsThe degree of liver fibrosis increased with the increase in liver inflammation (rs=0.538, P<0.001). Compared with the mild inflammation group, the severe inflammation group had significantly higher serum levels of alanine aminotransferase [95.00 (45.00-16925) U/L vs 51.00 (29.00-88.00) U/L, Z=-2.625, P=0.009], aspartate aminotransferase [54.50 (34.75-84.50) U/L vs 38.00 (30.00-49.00) U/L, Z=-2.014, P=0.044], and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase [91.00 (56.72-192.25) U/L vs 44.00 (24.00-100.00) U/L, Z=-2.400, P=0.016]. The severe fibrosis group had a significantly higher serum level of high-density lipoprotein than the mild fibrosis group [0.97 (0.32-1.08) mmol/L vs 1.23 (0.36-1.38) mmol/L, Z=-1.300, P=0.008]. The severe inflammation group had a significantly higher serum level of IL-2 receptor than the mild inflammation group [704.00(418.00-103800) U/ml vs 436.00(335.00-555.00) U/ml, Z=-3.405, P=0.001], and the severe fibrosis group had a significantly higher serum level of IL-2 receptor than the mild fibrosis group [735.00(523.00-890.50) U/ml vs 447.00 (351.50-624.50) U/ml, Z=-5.358, P=0.001]. ConclusionThe degree of liver inflammation is positively correlated with that of liver fibrosis, while the serum level of IL-2 receptor increases with the increase in the degrees of liver inflammation and fibrosis, indicating that IL-2 receptor can reflect the degrees of liver inflammation and fibrosis to some extent.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1880-1882, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825049

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing year by year and NAFLD has become one of the most common liver diseases in the world. Metabolomics follows the research thoughts of genomics and proteomics and conducts a quantitative analysis of all metabolites in organisms to explore the association between metabolites and physiological and pathological changes, which provides a new way for studying the traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD. This article summarizes the research advances in metabolomics and traditional Chinese medicine syndromes in NAFLD, so as to provide new thoughts and methods for further exploration of NAFLD.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 967-970, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821690

ABSTRACT

italic>Chaetomium globosum WQ, an endophyte derived from Imperata cylindrical, can produce abundant cytochalasan compounds through solid state fermentation. Based on previous research and guided by 1H NMR spectrum and TLC, a new cytochalasan compound was isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of a solid culture of C. globosum WQ using silica gel column chromatography, gel filtration over Sephadex LH-20 and HPLC. The new compound was characterized as 20-iso-chaetoglobosin E (1) by a combination of spectroscopic (HR-MS, 1D and 2D NMR) analyses.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 924-927, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819199

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent chronic liver disease around the world, and its incidence rate is increasing year by year. Oxidative stress is the second hit in the classic “two-hit” pathogenesis of NAFLD, which is currently recognized as one of the pathogeneses of NAFLD. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a group of positive regulators that protect hepatocytes against oxidative stress. It is a key factor for cellular anti-oxidative stress and a key transcription factor that antagonizes liver oxidative stress. It plays an important role in the development and progression of NAFLD and may be a potential treatment target for improving NAFLD. This article reviews the role of oxidative stress and the Nrf2 pathway in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.

8.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 557-560, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823804

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer(OC)is an aggressive and fatal cancer. A growing number of studies have shown that the tumor mi-croenvironment(TME)is involved in the promotion and development of ovarian cancer,immunosuppression and inflammatory response through various mechanisms. TME includes tumor blood vessels and lymphatic vessels,as well as cancer cells,mesenchymal cells,im-mune cells,and extracellular matrix(ECM). Based on recent literature reports,this paper reviews the commonly used three-dimen-sional(3D)cell culture model of ovarian tumor microenvironment,and summarizes many 3D models that do not contain primitive stro-mal cells,aiming to find new approaches for ovarian cancer treatment.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1196-1200, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relation of circulating follicular helper T cell (c Tfh) changes with B cell dysfunction in MDS patients.@*METHODS@#20 patients diagnosed as MDS from Auguct 2015 to October 2017 were enrolled in MDS group, and 20 healthy valuntears matching in age and sex were enrolled in healthy control (HC) group. The perepheral blood in 2 groups were collected, the mononuclear cells (PBMC) from which were isolated by densily gradient contrifugation, at the same time, the serum left in isolation process was reserved for further study. The flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of cTfh such as CD4CXCR5 T cells and its subset CD4CXCR5ICOS T cells, CD4CXCR5PD-1 T cells in PBMC, as well as the ratio of plasmablast CD19CD20CD38 B cells. The ELISA was used to detect the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG. The differences in ratio of cTfh cells and plasmablast B cells, as well as the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG between MDS and HC groups were compared, at the same time, the correlation of cTfh cell ratio with the plasmablast B cell ratio and the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG in MDS patient was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4CXCR5T, CD4CXCR5ICOST cells and CD19CD20CD38B cells and the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG decreased in MDS patients, while the ratio of CD4CXCR5PD-1T cells increased in MDS patients. The ratio of CD4CXCR5T cells, CD4CXCR5ICOST cells positively correlated with the ratio of CD19CD20CD38B cells, as well as with the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG in MDS patients. However, the ratio of CD4CXCR5PD-1T cells negatively correlated with the ratio of CD19CD20CD38B cells, as well as with the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG.@*CONCLUSION@#The ratio of circulating Tfh cells and their subsets showed significant changes, that correlate with B cell dysfunction in MDS patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interleukins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Plasma Cells , Receptors, CXCR5 , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702629

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prognostic value of sarcopenia in patients undergoing pancreati-coduodenectomy.Method Clinicopathologic data and follow-up information of 116 patients undergoing pancre-aticoduodenectomy at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between March 2011 and August 2016 were collected for statistical analysis.Results Among the 116 patients,the prevalence of sarcopenia was 42.2% (n =49).When compared to the rest of the patients who did not have sarcopenia,the sarcopenia group had longer recovery time [(17.33±6.54) d vs.(13.46±9.32) d,P=0.013] and increased risk of complications (complications in general,59.2% vs.38.8%,x2 =4.714,P =0.030;Clavien-Dindo ≥ 3:26.5% vs.10.4%,x2 =5.130,P=0.024).Both the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (P<0.05) and the Cox proportional hazard model (overall survival:hazard ratio =2.285,95% CI =1.521-3.431;recurrence-free survival,hazard ratio =2.167,95% CI=1.445-3.248) indicated sarcopenia as the risk factor for poorer overall survival and recurrence-free survival.Conclusions Sarcopenia was an independent predictor of poor prognosis for patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy.Patients with sarcopenia had higher risk of developing complications after surgery and lower overall survival rate and recurrence-free survival rate.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693628

ABSTRACT

Treatment of H.pylor(Hp)-relatedgastropathy with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) therapy has prominent advantages. Integration of traditional and western medicine can remarkably increase negative conversion ratio, reduce drug resistance rate and effectively decrease adverse reactions and recurrence rate. This paper summarized the research progress of the treatment for Hp-related gastropathy and related mechanism with TCM recently. The content included the aspects of theory, treatment and anti-Hp mechanism of Hp-related gastropathy in TCM, in order to provide relevant reference for clinical medication and scientific research direction in future .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789456

ABSTRACT

The efficacy, safety and adherence of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) are reviewed in this article. Oral daily tenofovir/emtricitabine can significantly decrease the incidence of HIV infection among people at high risk, with no severe adverse effects. PrEP effectiveness is closely associated with medication adherence. To reduce the transmission of HIV, it is suggested that pilot tests should be carried out in high risk population; universal education offered on AIDS prevention and control; drug prices lowered; comprehensive prevention strategy adopted; marketing of PrEP drugs promoted; and the risk of HIV infection reduced.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508259

ABSTRACT

Acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVUGIB)is a commonly seen gastrointestinal emergency.Rockall and Blatchford scoring system are commonly used for risk stratification in ANVUGIB.Aims:To investigate the predictive values of Rockall and Blatchford scoring system for assessing the risk of blood transfusion,surgical intervention and mortality in patients with ANVUGIB.Methods:Five hundred and ninety hospitalized patients with ANVUGIB were scored by Rockall and Blatchford scoring system,respectively.Predictive values of these two scoring systems for assessing the risk of blood transfusion,surgical intervention and mortality were assessed by area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curve (AUC).Results:Rockall and Blatchford scores in patients with blood transfusion,surgical intervention and died were significantly higher than those in patients without blood transfusion,surgical intervention and survived (P <0.01 ).The AUC of Rockall scoring system for predicting blood transfusion,surgical intervention and mortality were 0.785 (95% CI:0.743-0.828,P=0.000),0.765 (95% CI:0.693-0.837,P=0.000),0.835 (95% CI:0.703-0.966,P=0.005),respectively.The AUC of Blatchford scoring system for predicting blood transfusion,surgical intervention and mortality were 0.812 (95%CI:0.775-0.848,P=0.000),0.870 (95%CI:0.811-0.930,P=0.000),0.784 (95% CI:0.614-0.954,P=0.017),respectively.Conclusions:Rockall and Blatchford scoring system have high predictive value for blood transfusion,surgical intervention and mortality in patients with ANVUGIB.Rockall scoring system is better for predicting mortality,while Blatchford scoring system is better for predicting blood transfusion and surgical intervention.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514318

ABSTRACT

As an important immune organ,spleen also plays a crucial role in stabilizing hematologic system.Previous reports support that splenectomy must be performed after the ligation of spleen vessels.At recent time,with the deep knowledge of the anatomy and function of spleen,the surgeons have tried to preserve this organ after the ligation of the vessels.From March 2012 to April 2016,five patients in our hospital have undergone the distal pancreatectomy with spleen preservation after the ligation of splenic vessels,and all the patients' outcomes were satisfactory in the follow-up.This essay aims to discuss the safety and feasibility of preserving spleen after the ligation of the vessels by reporting our own experience and reviewing related literatures on this topic.

15.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 714-717, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612138

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the value of fecal tumor M2-PK in the detection of colorectal adenoma and to evaluate its potential as a screening tool for colorectal adenoma.Methods Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the fecal tumor M2-PK in stool samples of 65 patients with colorectal adenoma and 25 controls.At the same time,the peripheral blood tumor markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA),carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9,CA24-2 and fecal occult blood test (FOBT) were detected in the colorectal adenoma group.Results The detection value of fecal tumor M2-PK in the colorectal adenoma group showed a significant increase,compared with the control group((6.033±4.123) U/ml vs.(2.782±1.464) U/ml,t=-3.839,P=0.000).The highest detection value was found in the group where the diameter of adenoma was greater than or equal to 2 cm ((8.775±6.548) U/ml,t=9.635,P=0.034).The larger the diameter of adenoma,the higher the positive rate of fecal tumor M2-PK (85.7% vs.41.7% vs.29.6%,χ2=11.977,P=0.003).In the colorectal adenoma group,The positive detection rate of fecal tumor M2-PK was significantly higher than that of CEA,CA19-9,CA24-2 and FOBT (46.2% vs.6.2% vs.1.5% vs.1.5% vs.27.7%,?2=76.607,P=0.000).Conclusion Fecal tumor M2 pyruvate kinase has a good clinical value in the diagnosis of colorectal adenoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790726

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the breakthrough point of pharmaceutical care for a patient with bronchiectasis ,diabe-tes and gout .Methods The clinical pharmacist recommended appropriate antibiotics and gout medications .The dosage and therapy regimen were optimized based on the patient′s renal function ,allergy and disease history .Results The physician ac-cepted the suggestions from clinical pharmacists .The patient recovered well with no adverse drug reactions .Conclusion With the knowledge of clinical pharmacist ,clinical treatment plan was optimized .The patient received better pharmaceutical care .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852960

ABSTRACT

The package insert is an important source of drug information which plays a critical role in guiding patients taking the medicine. Package inserts of 60 over-the-counter (OTC) oral drugs produced in the US and OTC oral traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were collected respectively in order to compare their macrostructure and contents. The results show that there are more moves in package inserts of TCM while the contents of those US drugs are more detailed and complete. The results further deepen the understanding of package inserts as a genre and contribute to the improvement of package inserts of TCM.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1727-1732, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278753

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a multiple myeloma specimen bank applied for molecular biological researches and to explore the methods of specimen collection, transportation, storage, quality control and the management of specimen bank.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow and blood samples were collected from multiple myeloma patients, plasma cell sorting were operated after the separation of mononuclear cells from bone marrow specimens. The plasma cells were divided into 2 parts, one was added with proper amount of TRIzol and then kept in -80 °C refrigerator for subsequent RNA extraction, the other was added with proper amount of calf serum cell frozen liquid and then kept in -80 °C refrigerator for subsequent cryopreservation of DNA extraction after numbered respectively. Serum and plasma were separated from peripheral blood, specimens of serum and plasma were then stored at -80 °C refrigerator after registration. Meantime, the myeloma specimen information management system was established, managed and maintained by specially-assigned persons and continuous modification and improvement in the process of use as to facilitate the rapid collection, management, query of the effective samples and clinical data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 244 portions plasma cells, 564 portions of serum, and 1005 portions of plasma were collected, clinical characters were documented.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A multiple myeloma specimen bank have been established initially, which can provide quality samples and related clinical information for molecular biological research on multiple myeloma.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of total flavonoids of Herba Epimedium (FHE) on BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway in promoting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Passage 3 BMSCs were randomly divided into the control group, the experimental group, and the inhibitor group. BMSCs in the control group were cultured in 0.2% dimethyl sulfoxide + Osteogenuxic Supplement (OS) fluid + DMEM/F12 culture media. BMSCs in the experimental group were intervened by 20 microg/mL FHE. BMSCs in the inhibitor group were intervened by 20 microg/mL FHE and 1 microg/mL NOGGIN recombinant protein. At day 9 alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured. Calcium nodules were stained by alizarin red staining and the density was observed. The transcription expression of osteogenic differentiation-related proteins (type I collagen, osteocalcin, and osteopontin) and related factors of BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway was assayed by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, ALP activities were enhanced and the density of calcium nodules significantly increased; type I collagen, osteocalcin, and osteopontin expression levels were increased in the experimental group. The expression of osteogenesis-related transcription factor was also increased in the experimental group. Noggin recombinant protein inhibited FHE promoting BMSCs osteogenesis in the inhibitor group. Compared with the experimental group, ALP activity decreased (P < 0.05), the density of calcium nodules was lowered, expression levels of type I collagen, osteocalcin, osteopontin significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in the inhibitor group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>20 microg/mL FHE promoted osteogenic differentiation process of BMSCs by BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Epimedium , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Osteocalcin , Metabolism , Osteogenesis , Osteopontin , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sp7 Transcription Factor , Transcription Factors , Metabolism
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1437-1442, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332673

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cytogenetic characteristics of the various plasma cell dyscrasia using the CD138 MACS-FISH, to elucidate the application value of MACS-FISH in the genetic diagnosis of plasma cell dyscrasia, and to explore the standardization of FISH detection for plasma cell dyscrasia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 232 patients with newly diagnosed plasma cell dyscrasia were collected, including 203 cases of MM, 24 cases of AL amyloidosis and 5 cases of MGUS, whose cytogenetic abnormalities were detected by MACS-FISH, and the differences of the positive detection rates of chromosome karyotype analysis, C-FISH and MACS-FISH in MM cytogenetic abnormality were compared. The sensitivity of C-FISH and MACS-FISH were analyzed and compared according to the proportion of bone marrow plasma cells. The correlation between the positive cell rates of C-FISH and MACS-FISH and the proportion of plasma cells were analyzed respectively. The differences in the clone size detected by C-FISH and MACS-FISH were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of cytogenetic abnormality of MM, AL amyloidosis and MGUS detected by MACS-FISH were 85.9%, 62.5%, 60%, respectively. The incidence rate of MM cytogenetic abnormality detected by Chromosome karyotype analysis and C-FISH were 20.0% and 64.7%, respectively, which were significantly lower than that of MACS-FISH(P<0.001). The positive rate of 14q32 translocation, del(14q32), t(11;14), +17p13 and the coexistence of 2 and ≥3 kinds of cytogenetic abnormalities detected by MACS-FISH were significantly higher than that detected by C-FISH(P<0.05). When the plasma cell ratio was less than or equal to 5%, the positive detection rate of MACS-FISH was significantly higher than that of C-FISH (P=0.001), and there was no significant difference in different plasma cell proportion group of MACS-FISH. However, when the plasma cell ratio was less than or equal to 5%, the positive detection rate of C-FISH detection was significantly lower than that of the other 3 groups (P=0.013,P=0.001,P<0.001). The positive cell rates of all cytogenetic abnormalities in C-FISH group and +1q21 and 14q32 translocation in MACS-FISH group were significantly positively correlated with the proportion of plasma cells(P<0.05). The clone size of various cytogenetic abnormalities in MACS-FISH group were significantly higher than that in C-FISH group(P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MACS-FISH may significantly enhance the detection rate of cytogenetic abnormalities in various plasma cell dyscrasia, and it can better reflect the cytogenetic abnormality of plasma cell dyscrasia and its clone size. MACS-FISH may be recommended as a standard method for the genetic diagnosis of plasma cell dyscrasia, the risk stratification of MM and SMM, as well as the genetic diagnosis and research of MGUS and AL amyloidosis.</p>

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