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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 96-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To re-eval uate the systematic review and meta-an alysis of umeclidinium bromide and vilanterol trifenatate(UMEC/VIL)in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),so as to provide evidence-based basis for the treatment of COPD. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed (Medline),the Cochrane library ,Embase,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang database ,etc.,the systematic review and meta-analysis of UMEC/VIL in the treatment of COPD were collected from the inception to Apr. 2021. Two reviewers independently screened the literatures and extracted the data. AMSTAR 2 scale,PRISMA statement,and GRADE evaluation system were used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included studies ,the quality of reports and the grade of outcome indexes. The efficacy and safety of UMEC/VIL in the treatment of COPD were reported. RESULTS Six systematic reviews were finally included. The results of AMSTAR 2 scale showed that 1 study was of high quality , 2 were of medium quality and 3 were of low quality. The score of PRISMA statement was between 21.5 and 27,and the quality of the report was relatively perfect. The results of GRADE evaluation showed that more than 60% of the 134 outcome indicators were of medium to high quality of evidence. Comparison of effectiveness and safety showed that UMEC/VIL was superior to placebo , unilateral bronchodilator and salmeterol fluticasone in improving forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)trough,FEV1 peak and forced vital capacity (FVC). In the improvement of transition dyspnea index (TDI),SGRQ and SOBDA scores ,UMEC/ VIL was better than placebo ,unilateral bronchodilator and fluticasone propionate/salme terol. The adverse reaction rate ,acute exacerbation rate ,mortality rate ,withdrawal rate ,pneumonia rate and other negative indicators of UMEC/VIL were not inferior to placebo,unilateral bronchodilator and fluticasone propionate/salme terol. CONCLUSIONS Compared with placebo and unilateral bronchodilator,UMEC/VIL can significantly improve lung function ,symptoms and quality of life ,and has non-inferior effect for negative indicators. Compared with β2 adrenoceptor agonists combined with glucocorticoid ,UMEC/VIL can improve lung function of COPD patients ,but they are similar in other aspects.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 211-221, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913173

ABSTRACT

Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a highly effective anti-tumor method. However, when laser radiation was used to ablate tumors, it usually triggers a series of inflammatory reactions, promoting the further development of tumors and affecting the effect of anti-tumor therapy. Therefore, it is an effective method to improve the anti-tumor effect by suppressing the inflammatory response through the precise targeted delivery of anti-inflammatory drug while realizing the photothermal treatment of tumors. To this end, the redox-responsive linker 3,3'-dithiodipropionic acid was used to bond the classic hydrophobic anti-inflammatory drug 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (18β-GA) and the hydrophilic fragment methoxy-polyethylene glycol (mPEG-NH2) to obtain redox-responsive amphiphilic polymer PEG-DA-GA in this study. Then, photothermal agent IR-780 was encapsulated to prepare redox-responsive polymer micelle PDG/IR-780 NPs. The PDG/IR-780 NPs exhibited uniform particle size of 80.2 ± 5.3 nm and the polydispersity index (PDI) was 0.215 ± 0.079. All animal experiments followed the ethical requirements formulated by the Ethics Committee of Sichuan University. The results showed that PDG/IR-780 NPs could respond to the abundant glutathione (GSH) in tumor cells to promote the disintegration of nanoparticle and the release of 18β-GA, thus significantly improved the killing efficiency on 4T1 cells, when compared with the non-redox-responsive control PSG/IR-780 NPs. When the concentration of 18β-GA was 50 μg·mL-1, the cell viability of 4T1 cells in the PDG/IR-780 NPs group was only (19.29 ± 1.80) %, which was significantly lower than the result of in PSG/IR-780 NPs group (29.30 ± 1.37) %. The results of frozen sections of tumor tissues showed that the designed PDG NPs can promote the tumor-targeted distribution of drugs compared with the free drug group. Eventually, PDG/IR-780 NPs achieved wonderful anti-tumor efficacy on 4T1 triple-negative breast cancer model, revealing the new possibility of the combined therapy strategy of photothermal and anti-inflammatory therapy.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 467-482, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929307

ABSTRACT

Tumor metastasis is responsible for most mortality in cancer patients, and remains a challenge in clinical cancer treatment. Platelets can be recruited and activated by tumor cells, then adhere to circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and assist tumor cells extravasate in distant organs. Therefore, nanoparticles specially hitchhiking on activated platelets are considered to have excellent targeting ability for primary tumor, CTCs and metastasis in distant organs. However, the activated tumor-homing platelets will release transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), which promotes tumor metastasis and forms immunosuppressive microenvironment. Therefore, a multitalent strategy is needed to balance the accurate tumor tracking and alleviate the immunosuppressive signals. In this study, a fucoidan-functionalized micelle (FD/DOX) was constructed, which could efficiently adhere to activated platelets through P-selectin. Compared with the micelle without P-selectin targeting effect, FD/DOX had increased distribution in both tumor tissue and metastasis niche, and exhibited excellent anti-tumor and anti-metastasis efficacy on 4T1 spontaneous metastasis model. In addition, due to the contribution of fucoidan, FD/DOX treatment was confirmed to inhibit the expression of TGF-β, thereby stimulating anti-tumor immune response and reversing the immunosuppressive microenvironment. The fucoidan-functionalized activated platelets-hitchhiking micelle was promising for the metastatic cancer treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928055

ABSTRACT

This study established a method for rapid quantification of terpene lactone, bilobalide, ginkgolide C, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B in the chromatographic process of Ginkgo Folium based on near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS). The effects of competitive adaptive reweighting sampling(CARS), random frog(RF), and synergy interval partial least squares(siPLS) on the performance of partial least squares regression(PLSR) model were compared to the reference values measured by HPLC. Among them, the correlation coefficients of prediction(Rp) of validation sets of terpene lactone, bilobalide, and ginkgolide C were all higher than 0.98, and the relative standard errors of prediction(RSEPs) were 5.87%, 6.90% and 6.63%, respectively. Aiming at ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B with relatively low content, the genetic algorithm joint extreme learning machine(GA-ELM) was used to establish the optimized quantitative analysis model. Compared with CARS-PLSR model, the CARS-GA-ELM models of ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B exhibited a reduction in RSEP from 15.65% to 8.52% and from 21.28% to 10.84%, respectively, which met the needs of quantitative ana-lysis. It has been proved that NIRS can be used for the rapid detection of various lactone components in the chromatographic process of Ginkgo Folium.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ginkgo biloba , Lactones/analysis , Least-Squares Analysis , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared/methods
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927371

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture on visual acuity, intraocular pressure, visual field, retinal and choroidal thickness on optic disc and macular area in patients with optic atrophy.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 patients with optic atrophy were treated with acupuncture. Acupuncture was given at Chengqi (ST 1), Shangjingming (Extra), Qiuhou (EX-HN 7) and Fengchi (GB 20) etc., 30 min each time, once a day, for 14 days. The visual acuity, intraocular pressure, visual field indexes (mean deviation [MD], pattern standard deviation [PSD] and visual field index [VFI]), optic disc retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, macular retinal thickness and choroidal thickness of optic disc and sub-foveal were compared before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the visual acuity was increased (P<0.05), the MD value was decreased (P<0.05), the thickness of nerve fiber layer on the upper temporal side of optic disc was thinner (P<0.05), and the choroidal thickness of average, nasal side and lower temporal side of optic disc was increased (P<0.05). There was significant correlation between visual field MD and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in different quadrants before and after treatment (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could improve visual acuity, increase choroidal thickness in part of optic disc area in patients with optic atrophy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Optic Atrophy/therapy , Optic Disk/diagnostic imaging , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 453-459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922914

ABSTRACT

Based on near infrared spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography, this paper established the regression relationship between near infrared spectroscopy and index component content of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid, so as to realize the rapid detection of index component content based on near infrared spectroscopy. Magnolol, honokiol and hesperidin were used as the quality indexes of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid. After using the first derivative and normalization pretreatment method, characteristic variables were screened by CARS, and the correction model was finally established by partial least-squares regression (PLSR) method. The method accuracy was evaluated with the external validation, and the prediction results were tested for significance. The results indicated that when the near infrared spectrum was scanned through the bottle, the model's correlation coefficients of prediction (Rp) were higher than 0.99, the root mean square errors of the prediction models (RMSEP) were all less than 0.008 4, and the relative standard errors of prediction set (RSEP) were all less than 2.83%. There was no significant difference in the predicted results between these two kinds of model. The models established in the non-destructive way have good performance and high prediction accuracy. The rapid and nondestructive way has application value in the quality control of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906100

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the change in life style, social environment, and national childbearing policy, the proportion of high-risk pregnant women has increased significantly, triggering the spectrum of obstetric diseases to constantly change, which has brought new challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been proved effective in dealing with a variety of obstetric diseases, and various treatment methods are available, which can serve as alternative means for solving refractory obstetric diseases. However, most obstetric clinicians are currently less aware of the therapeutic effects of TCM, which has significantly hindered its participation in clinical treatment. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the outstanding young obstetricians of TCM and western medicine to discuss 15 obstetric diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, including hyperemesis gravidarum, threatened abortion, ectopic gestation, cough during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility, postpartum hypogalactia, residual pregnancy tissue in uterine cavity, puerperal infection, pantalgia after childbirth, hematoma/undesirable healing after caesarean section, postpartum urinary retention, ileus after cesarean section, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postnatal depression. The suggestions for their treatment with TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine were also proposed, aiming to provide patients with effective and personalized treatments in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of obstetric diseases, thus benefiting the public. At the same time, more obstetrical clinicians are expected to understand the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM and draw on the strengths of both TCM and western, thereby promoting the establishment of an obstetric diagnosis and treatment system with Chinese characteristics.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective components, targets, and possible mechanisms of Wenshen Yangxue prescription in improving endometrial receptivity of aged female mice based on network pharmacology and experimental verification. Method:Based on Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular mechANism of Traditional Chinese Medicine (BATMAN-TCM) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the components and targets of Wenshen Yangxue prescription were retrieved, and the targets of ovulatory dysfunctional infertility were collected from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards with "anovulatory sterility" and "anovulatory infertility" as keywords. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed based on STRING and the core targets of Wenshen Yangxue prescription against ovulatory dysfunctional infertility were screened by Cytoscape, followed by Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of the core targets in DAVID database. Then, the "medicinal-component-target-pathway" network was established and the core targets were verified by animal experiment. Result:A total of 253 components and 326 targets of Wenshen Yangxue prescription, 819 disease targets, and 74 common targets were screened out. The common targets were mainly involved in the biological processes such as positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process, positive regulation of cell proliferation, response to estradiol, aging, response to oxidative stress, and angiogenesis. The GO term of response to oxidative stress and five of the top 20 KEGG pathways were analyzed. According to the "medicinal-component-target-biological process/pathway" network, 41 chemical components in 20 medicinals participated in hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, forkhead box O (FOXO) signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor (TLR) signal pathway, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway by affecting 35 targets. The results of animal experiment showed that the prescription could increase the expression of PI3K, phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), forkhead box O3A (FoxO3A), and phosphorylated FoxO3A (p-FoxO3A) in uterus of aged female ICR mice. Conclusion:Wenshen Yangxue prescription interferes with oxidative stress and PI3K/Akt/FoxO3A signaling pathway by influencing Akt1, dual oxidase 2 (DUOX2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and other targets, thereby improving endometrial receptivity of aged female mice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive performance of machine learning model based on vascular risk factors in early prediction of vascular cognitive impairment. Methods:From April to September, 2020, 70 subjects were enrolled and collected information of the demographics and vascular risk factors. They were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and then divided into normal group, vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) group and dementia group. The differences of vascular risk factors among the three groups were detected with one-way ANOVA, and the significant factors were selected to establish predictive models with support vector machine (SVM) and extreme learning machine (ELM). The predictive performance of two models was compared with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:There were 32 cases in the normal group, 23 in VaMCI group and 15 in dementia group. Systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein and blood uric acid were significantly different among the three groups (F > 3.318, P < 0.05). The area under curve was the most (0.911) in SVM model predicting for VaMCI (P < 0.01), and the predictive efficacy was better for SVM model. Conclusion:SVM predictive model based on vascular risk factors may be more effective for predicting VaMCI.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1217-1228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887068

ABSTRACT

Nucleocytoplasmic transport is the basic cellular activity of eukaryotic cells, which plays a role in cell physiological and pathological processes. A large amount of evidences indicate that impaired nucleocytoplasmic trafficking has emerged as a mechanism contributing to the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. The regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport is crucial to elucidate the pathogenesis and intervention in the neurodegenerative diseases. This article summarizes the evidences in disturbed nucleocytoplasmic transport of neurodegenerative diseases in the past two decades, further explores the directions and provides a theoretical basis for the pathogenesis and drug targets in neurodegenerative diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879182

ABSTRACT

To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method for five flavonoids in Rhododendron anthopogonoides and verify its feasibility and applicability in the medicinal materials of R. anthopogonoides. With hyperoside as the internal reference, relative correction factors(RCF) of rutin, quercetin, quercitrin and kaempferol were established by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) analysis. RCFs were used to calculate the content of each component, system durability and relative retention time. Simultaneously, QAMS and external standard method(ESM) were used to determine the content of five flavonoids in 12 batches of R. anthopogonoides from different origins. The results were statistically analyzed to verify the accuracy and feasibility. The fingerprints and cluster analysis data of R. anthopogonoides analyzed and discussed differences among the batches. According to the results, the RCFs of rutin, quercetin, quercetin and kaempferol in R. anthopogonoides were 1.242 6, 0.990 5, 0.535 0, and 0.781 3, respectively. The RCFs represented a good reproducibility under different experimental conditions. Besides, there was no significant difference between QAMS and ESM. Besides, the fingerprint and cluster analysis data showed the consistency between the classification and with the origin distribution of the herbs. In conclusion, the QAMS method shows a good stability and accuracy in the quality control of R. anthopogonoides.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , Rhododendron
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879128

ABSTRACT

In the past few years, continuous manufacturing(CM) has been put forward by the FDA. Pharmaceutical enterprises are encouraged to promote the implementation of CM, which has become a hot research direction of pharmaceutical technology. In February 2019, the FDA issued a draft guideline for the implementation of CM, which greatly promoted the development of CM and provided reference for continuous manufacturing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The production process of TCM is a complex system. With the innovation of production equipment and the promotion of automation and informatization of TCM production, the exis-ting policies, regulations and traditional production control capacity are difficult to meet the market demand for high-quality TCM pro-ducts. In this paper, we reviewed the new technologies and methods of quality control in accordance with the characteristics of TCM production by referring to modern manufacturing technology, information technology and quality control technology. Based on the "QbD" theory and "PAT" technology, process knowledge system(PKS), an advanced control strategy, was proposed to provide a reference for the implementation of CM in TCM production.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Technology, Pharmaceutical
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2286-2305, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888863

ABSTRACT

Despite considerable progresses in cancer treatment, tumor metastasis is still a thorny issue, which leads to majority of cancer-related deaths. In hematogenous metastasis, the concept of "seed and soil" suggests that the crosstalk between cancer cells (seeds) and premetastatic niche (soil) facilitates tumor metastasis. Considerable efforts have been dedicated to inhibit the tumor metastatic cascade, which is a highly complicated process involving various pathways and biological events. Nonetheless, satisfactory therapeutic outcomes are rarely observed, since it is a great challenge to thwart this multi-phase process. Recent advances in nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems have shown great potential in the field of anti-metastasis, especially compared with conventional treatment methods, which are limited by serious side effects and poor efficacy. In this review, we summarized various factors involved in each phase of the metastatic cascade ranging from the metastasis initiation to colonization. Then we reviewed current approaches of targeting these factors to stifle the metastatic cascade, including modulating primary tumor microenvironment, targeting circulating tumor cells, regulating premetastatic niche and eliminating established metastasis. Additionally, we highlighted the multi-phase targeted drug delivery systems, which hold a better chance to inhibit metastasis. Besides, we demonstrated the limitation and future perspectives of nanomedicine-based anti-metastasis strategies.

14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 428-438, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#High-fat diet (HFD) and inflammation are two key contributors to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Shenling Baizhu powder (SLBZP), a classical herbal compound, has been successfully used to alleviate NAFLD. However, its specific mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we assessed the anti-NAFLD effect of SLBZP in vivo.@*METHODS@#Rats were fed an HFD with or without SLBZP or with probiotics. At the end of week 16, an echo magnetic resonance imaging (EchoMRI) body composition analyser was used to quantitatively analyse body composition; a micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging system was used to evaluate whole body and liver fat; and the Moor full-field laser perfusion imager 2 was used to assess liver microcirculation, after which, all rats were sacrificed. Then, biochemical indicators in the blood and the ultrastructure of rat livers were evaluated. Protein expression related to the liver Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) signalling pathway was assessed using Western blot analysis. Further, high-throughput screening of 29 related inflammatory factors in liver tissue was performed using a cytokine array.@*RESULTS@#SLBZP supplementation reduced body weight, serum free fatty acid, and insulin resistance index (P < 0.05). It also ameliorated liver microcirculation and ultrastructural abnormalities. EchoMRI and micro-CT quantitative analyses showed that treatment with SLBZP reduced fat mass and visceral fat (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). In addition, SLBZP decreased the expression of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated TLR4/NLRP3 signalling pathway-related proteins and altered the expression levels of some inflammatory cytokines in liver tissues.@*CONCLUSION@#SLBZP can inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome activation and interleukin-1β release by suppressing LPS-induced TLR4 expression in rats with HFD-induced NAFLD. Thus, SLBZP may be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory damage and associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Liver , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Powders , Rats , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , X-Ray Microtomography
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787655

ABSTRACT

To investigate the histopathologic, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic characteristics of dedifferentiated liposarcomas with meningothelial-like whorls(DDLMW). Six cases of DDLMW diagnosed at Jiangsu Province Hospital(the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University) from March 2012 to August 2018 were enrolled. The cases were analyzed by routine HE staining, immunohistochemistry(MDM2, CDK4 and p16) and fluorescent in-situ hybridization(FISH) on MDM2 gene. Related literatures were also reviewed. Three of the 6 patients were male.The patient ages ranged from 40 to 77 years (mean, 58 years). Four tumors occurred in the retroperitoneum and two in the mediastinum. Histologically, the tumors showed, in addition to foci of well-differentied liposarcoma, characteristic, scattered meningothelial-like concentrical whorls. The whorls were composed of tightly, concentrically arranged, spindle to ovoid cells with mild to mederate cytological atypia. Metaplastic bone was present within or in their immediate vicinity in four case. The tumors cell also showed strong and diffuse immunoreactivity to MDM2, CDK4 and p16, but no immunoreactivity to S-100 protein, SMA, SOX10, EMA, CD21, CD23 or CD35. The Ki-67 labeling indexes were low, while FISH showed high levels of MDM2 amplification in all cases. DDLMW is a rare morphologic variant of dedifferentiated liposarcoma. The whorls in DDLMW do not represent perineurial or follicular dendritic differentiation. Recognition and familiarity with its existence, as well as combined application of immunohistochemical staining and MDM FISH, are important to avoid confusion with other lesions.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Zikun decoction (ZKD) in treatment of Yin deficiency and blood dryness in delayed menorrhea due to decreasing ovarian reservation.Method:A total of 60 cases were randomly divided into two groups.The observation group was given ZKD orally,and the control group was treated with complex packing estradiol tablets/estradiol and dydrogestero for three months.The control group began to take medicine on the first day of menstruation for 28 days, while the observation group began to take medicine on the fifth day of menstruation, and stopped taking medicine on the first day of the next menstruation. Three menstrual cycles were followed up. The clinical syndrome scores, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), inhibin B (INHB), FSH/LH, Estradiol (E2), anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) scores of the patients before and after treatment were compared.Result:After treatment, there was no significant difference in clinical efficiency between observation group and control group, but the traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score of observation group was significantly reduced (P<0.05), observation group and control group had the same curative effect in improvement of FSH, FSH/LH, AMH and AFC (P<0.05), but ZKD was better than complex packing estradiol tablets/estradiol and dydrogestero in improvement of INHB.Conclusion:ZKD has a good treatment effect in the treatment of DOR. It can effectively improve patients' sex hormone levels, increase antral follicle count, improve the ovarian reserve function and promote menstruation.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846933

ABSTRACT

Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) causes severe disease in tomato and other Solanaceous crops around globe. To effectively study and manage this viral disease, researchers need new, sensitive, and high-throughput approaches for viral detection. In this study, we purified PepMV particles from the infected Nicotiana benthamiana plants and used virions to immunize BALB/c mice to prepare hybridomas secreting anti-PepMV monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). A panel of highly specific and sensitive murine mAbs (15B2, 8H6, 23D11, 20D9, 3A6, and 8E3) could be produced through cell fusion, antibody selection, and cell cloning. Using the mAbs as the detection antibodies, we established double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA), Dot-ELISA, and Tissue print-ELISA for detecting PepMV infection in tomato plants. Resulting data on sensitivity analysis assays showed that both DAS-ELISA and Dot-ELISA can efficiently monitor the virus in PepMV-infected tissue crude extracts when diluted at 1:1310720 and 1:20480 (weight/volume ratio (w/v), g/mL), respectively. Among the three methods developed, the Tissue print-ELISA was found to be the most practical detection technique. Survey results from field samples by the established serological approaches were verified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and DNA sequencing, demonstrating all three serological methods are reliable and effective for monitoring PepMV. Anti-PepMV mAbs and the newly developed DAS-ELISA, Dot-ELISA, and Tissue print-ELISA can benefit PepMV detection and field epidemiological study, and management of this viral disease, which is already widespread in tomato plants in Yunnan Province of China.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prognostic factors for the breast cancer patients with spinal metastasis, and establish a prognostic scoring model. Methods: A total of 160 breast cancer patients with spinal metastasis in Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2008 to January 2016 were retrospectively identified. The clinical characteristics and prognosis were analyzed by univariate and multivariate survival analysis to explore the prognostic factors. And then a prognostic scoring model was developed according to the regression coefficient for each independent prognostic factor. Results: The 160 breast cancer patients with spinal metastasis whose average age was 56.8 years (range 22-82 years) were identified, and the median follow-up was 40 (24, 55) months. The multivariate Cox analysis showed that the patients' general condition, hormone receptor expression, visceral metastasis, and serum carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) level significantly influenced survival (P<0.05). According to the regression coefficients, a survival prediction scoring model comprising these factors was established, which ranged from 0 to 6 points. Three risk groups with different prognoses were identified : low risk group (0-1 point), intermediate risk group (2-4 points), and high risk group (5-6 points). Conclusion: The general condition, hormone receptor expression, visceral metastasis, and serum CA125 level were independent prognostic factors for the breast cancer patients with spinal metastasis. And the prognostic scoring model comprising these four clinical factors can effectively predict the patients' prognoses.

19.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833848

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To determine the value of salivary pepsin in discriminating sub-types of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and GERD-related disorders. @*Methods@#Overall, 322 patients with different sub-types of GERD and 45 healthy controls (HC) were studied. All patients took Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GerdQ) and underwent endoscopy and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring and manometry. Salivary pepsin concentration (SPC) was detected by using colloidal gold double-antibody immunological sandwich assay. Oral esomeprazole treatment was administrated in the patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and extra-esophageal symptoms (EES). @*Results@#Compared to HC, patients with erosive esophagitis, NERD, EES, EES plus typical GERD symptoms, or Barrett’s esophagus had a higher prevalence of saliva and SPC (all P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the positive rate for pepsin in patients with functional heartburn or GERD with anxiety and depression, compared to HC. After esomeprazole treatment, the positive rate and SPC were significantly reduced in NERD (both P < 0.001) and in EES (P = 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively). Of the 64 NERD patients, 71.9% (n = 46) were positive for salivary pepsin, which was significantly higher than the rate (43.8%, n = 28) of pathological acid reflux as detected by 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring (P = 0.002). @*Conclusions@#Salivary pepsin has an important significance for the diagnosis of GERD and GERD-related disorders. Salivary pepsin and 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring may complement with each other to improve the diagnostic efficiency.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793327

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the buying commercial homosexual sex behaviors among young gay men/bisexual men, and analyze the socio-cultural factors influencing the buying commercial homosexual sex behaviors. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed on risk sexual behaviors for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with an anonymous questionnaire among 824 young homosexual/bisexual men in Guiyang City, Zunyi City, Anshun City and Tongren City of Guizhou Province in 2016. Respondents were selected by a classified snowball sampling method combined with an interview at AIDS voluntary consultation and testing clinics. Results About 7.8%(95% CI:5.9%-9.6%)of respondents reported the buying commercial homosexual sex behaviors in the last year. The report rate was 13.0% for homosexual men, higher than 5.7% for bisexual men (P<0.001). The influencing factors of the buying commercial homosexual sex behaviors were average monthly income (OR=6.54, P=0.005), age (OR=3.59, P=0.011), age of liking the same-sex (OR=2.85, P=0.004), marital status (OR=2.62, P=0.005), household registration (OR=2.38, P=0.011), increased risk of oral sex (OR=0.42, P=0.019), possibility of HIV infection (P<0.005), and the dusckisure of sexual orientation (OR=0.17, P=0.001). Conclusions Young homosexual/bisexual men, especially bisexual men, had a higher report rate of the buying commercial homosexual sex behaviors. The socio-cultural factors influencing the buying commercial homosexual sex behaviors included age of liking the same-sex, increased risk of oral sex, possibility of HIV infection, and the disclosure of sexual orientation.

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