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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1778-1784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an implementation protocol of clinical decision-support system about pediatric parenteral nutrition administration based on Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist.Methods:From November to December 2021, using 4 dimensions and 16 items of Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist, an multidisciplinary expert consultation was conducted, based on the previous clinical decision-support system and implementation protocol draft, to identify qualitative suggestions and quantitative assessment, and form the final protocol.Results:According to the Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist, experts evaluated the implementation protocol draft, ranked the scores of 4 dimensions, system, content, context, and implementation, successively. Based on 12 updated suggestions, the final protocol included 4 dimensions and 12 interventions, including CDS updates, preparation before launching, experimental application and promotion, and systematic monitoring.Conclusions:The development of Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist-based implementation protocol of clinical decision-support system about pediatric parenteral nutrition administration facilitated the thorough and structured consideration and agreement of multidisciplinary team, thus to optimize protocol and provide foundation for clinical practice.

2.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 768-772, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008130

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the macular structure and microcirculation in both eyes of the patients with myopic anisometropia.Methods Optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)was employed to scan the macular areas in both eyes of 44 patients with myopic anisometropia.The patients were assigned into high and low groups based on the refractive diopter,and the parameters such as retinal thickness,choroidal thickness,vascular density,and perfusion density in the macular areas of both eyes were compared between the two groups.Results Other macular areas except the central and external nasal areas and the choroid of the fovea in the high group were thinner than those in the low group(all P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in retinal vascular density or perfusion density in different areas between the two groups(all P>0.05).Conclusion In the patients with myopic anisometropia,most areas of the retina in the case of high myopia is thinner than that in the case of low myopia,while there is no difference in retinal vascular density or perfusion density in both eyes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anisometropia , Choroid/blood supply , Microcirculation , Myopia , Retina , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 691-702, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007784

ABSTRACT

The plateau environment is characterized by low oxygen, low air pressure, low temperature, and strong ultraviolet rays, etc. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable chronic lung disease. High altitude environment increases COPD prevalence, clinical manifestation and mortality. The therapeutic window of theophylline drugs for COPD is narrow, and the high altitude environment has an influence on the pharmacokinetics of the drugs. This review summarizes the differences in the prevalence, mortality, clinical manifestation and clinical symptoms of COPD in the plateau and plain, providing a basis for identifying the risk factors of COPD in the plateau areas. The effects of plateau hypoxic environment on the pharmacokinetics of COPD drugs were also discussed. It can provide a rationale for more effective prevention and treatment of COPD at high altitude.


Subject(s)
Humans , Altitude , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Oxygen , Hypoxia
4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 432-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004841

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To retrospectively analyze the clinical manifestations, related laboratory examinations and gene mutation of 20 patients with congenital Fibrinogen disorders (CFD) admitted to our hospital from February 2017 to December 2021, so as to improve the understanding of CFD diagnosis. 【Methods】 Clinical characteristics and laboratory examination of 20 CFD patients were collected, and common secondary hypoFibrinemia factors were excluded. Gene sequencing was performed on all exons and flanks of FGA, FGB and FGG genes of 20 patients to find gene mutation sites. The peripheral blood genomic DNA was collected from the family members of two CFD patients, and the genes of the corresponding mutation sites of the proband were detected. 【Results】 The 20 CFD patients had no history of bleeding; 11 female patients had no history of spontaneous abortion; all 20 patients had reduced Fib and prolonged thrombin time (TT). There were 13 gene mutations of different types in 20 patients, among which 90% (18/20) were missense mutations, 5% (1/20) was deletion mutation, and 5% (1/20) was frameshift mutation. Seven patients (35%) had Arg35His mutation at site 104 of the FGA chain, among which 3 new gene mutations have not been reported in China. 【Conclusion】 Most CFD patients with mild or asymptomatic symptoms can be diagnosed by genetic testing and screening. FGA chain Arg35His is a mutation hotspot in this region, and all of them are Uyghur. Whether the mutation of this site is related to ethnicity needs to be confirmed by further studies.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1227-1233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013752

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of simulated high altitude hypoxia on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of atorvastatin calcium in hyperlipidemia rats. Methods The wistar rats with hyperlipidemia induced by high-fat diet were divided into normoxia group and hypoxia group. Rats in the hypoxia group received a 14-day chronic hypoxia exposure at simulated an altitude of 5, 500 m. The two groups were given atorvastatin calcium(20 mg•kg

6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 311-316, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009501

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic treatment of ankle impingement syndrome (AIS) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to address symptoms caused by impingement in the ankle joint. This syndrome occurs when there is abnormal contact between certain bones or soft tissues in the ankle, leading to pain, swelling, or limited range of motion. Traditionally, open surgery was the standard approach for treating AIS. However, with advancements in technology and surgical techniques, arthroscopic treatment has become a preferred method for many patients and surgeons. With improved visualization and precise treatment of the arthroscopy, patients can experience reduced pain and improved functionality, allowing them to return to their daily activities sooner. In this paper, we reviewed the application and clinical efficacy the of arthroscopic approach for treating AIS, hoping to provide a reference for its future promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle Joint/surgery , Ankle , Joint Diseases/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy/methods , Pain
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5235-5243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008720

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum dried with two different methods(air drying and heating) on inflammation in acute lung injury(ALI) mice in vivo and in vitro. Lipopolysaccharide(LPS) was sprayed into the airway of wild type C57BL/6J male mice to establish the model, and the drug was injected into the tail vein 24 h after modeling. Lung function, lung tissue wet/dry weight(W/D) ratio, the total protein concentration, interleukin 6(IL-6), IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF), and pathological changes of the lung tissue were used to evaluate the effects of different gypenosides on ALI mice. The results showed that total gypenosides(YGGPs) and the gypenosides substituted with one or two glycosyl(GPs_(1-2)) in the air-dried sample improved the lung function, significantly lowered the levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in BALF, and alleviated the lung inflammation of ALI mice. Moreover, GPs_(1-2) had a more significant effect on inhibiting NO release in RAW264.7 cells. This study showed that different drying methods affected the anti-inflammatory activity of G. pentaphyllum, and the rare saponins in the air-dried sample without heating had better anti-inflammatory activity.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Gynostemma , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Lung , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology
8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 82-87, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of ferroptosis in hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury in cardiomyocytes cultured in high-fat high-glucose (HFHG) medium.Methods:Cardiomyocytes H9c2 cells were commonly cultured and divided into 3 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (C group), HFHG-H/R group and Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) plus HFHG-H/R group (Fer-1+ HFHG+ H/R group). H9c2 cells were cultured in a HFHG medium for 12 h and then exposed to 1%O 2-5%CO 2-94%N 2 for 4 h, followed by 2 h reoxygenation in a cell incubator.Fer-1 at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added while the cells were cultured in the HFHG medium in group Fer-1+ HFHG+ H/R.At 2 h of reoxygenation, the cell viability was measured using CCK-8 assay, the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the supernatant was measured using 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine color method, the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured by fluorescent probe DCFH-DA flow cytometry, and the expression of acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the activities of LDH release and ROS were increased, and the expression of ACSL4 and NCOA4 was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of GPX4 in group HFHG+ H/R ( P>0.05). Compared with group HFHG+ H/R, the cell activity was significantly increased, the activities of LDH and ROS were decreased, and the expression of ACSL4 and NCOA4 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of GPX4 in Fer-1+ HFHG+ H/R group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Ferroptosis is involved in the process of H/R injury in cardiomyocytes cultured in HFHG medium.

9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 612-620, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943043

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of high risk factors questionnaire (HRFQ), Asia-Pacific colorectal screening (APCS) score and their combinations with fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in screening advanced colorectal neoplasia, in order to provide an evidence for further optimization of cancer screening program. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used to summarize and analyze the results of colorectal tumor screening in Jiashan County, Zhejiang Province from March 2017 to July 2018. Those with severe diseases that were not suitable for colonoscopy and those with mental and behavioral abnormalities who can not cooperate with the screening were excluded. Those who met any one or more of the followings in the HRFQ questionnaire were classified as high-risk people of HRFQ: (1) first-degree relatives with a history of colorectal cancer; (2) subjects with a history of cancer or any other malignant tumor; (3) subjects with a history of intestinal polyps; (4) those with two or more of the followings: chronic constipation (constipation lasted for more than 2 months per year in the past two years), chronic diarrhea (diarrhea lasted for more than 3 months in the past two years, and the duration of each episode was more than one week), mucus and bloody stools, history of adverse life events (occurring within the past 20 years and causing greater trauma or distress to the subject after the event), history of chronic appendicitis or appendectomy, history of chronic biliary disease or cholecystectomy. In this study, those who were assessed as high risk by HRFQ were recorded as "HRFQ (+)", and those who were not at high risk were recorded as "HRFQ (-)". The APCS questionnaire provided risk scores based on 4 risk factors including age, gender, family history and smoking: (1) age: 2 points for 50-69 years old, 3 points for 70 years old and above; (2) gender: 1 point for male, 0 point for women; (3) family history: 2 points for first-degree relatives suffering from colorectal cancer; (4) smoking: 1 point for current or past smoking, 0 point for non-smokers. The population was divided into low-risk (0-1 point), intermediate-risk (2-3 points), and high-risk (4-7 points). Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS were recorded as "APCS (+)", and those with intermediate and low risk were recorded as "APCS (-)". The hemoglobin threshold for a positive FIT was set to 100 μg/L. Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with positive FIT were recorded as "APCS+FIT (+)". Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with negative FIT, those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle risk with positive FIT, and those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle with negative FIT were all recorded as "APCS+FIT(-)". Observation indicators in this study were as follows: (1) the screening compliance rate of the cohort and the detection of advanced colorectal tumors; (2) positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors; (3) comparison of the detection rate between HRFQ and APCS questionnaire for different colorectal lesions. Using SPSS 21.0 software, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the clinical value of HRFQ and APCS combined with FIT in screening advanced colorectal tumors. Results: From 2017 to 2018 in Jiashan County, a total of 53 268 target subjects were screened, and 42 093 people actually completed the questionnaire, with a compliance rate of 79.02%. A total of 8145 cases underwent colonoscopy. A total of 3607 cases among HRFQ positive population (5320 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 67. 80%; 8 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 88 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. A total of 2977 cases among APCS positive population (11 942 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 24.93%; 17 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 148 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. The positive rate of HRFQ screening was lower than that of APCS [12.6% (5320/42 093) vs. 28.4% (11 942/42 093), χ2=3195. 547, P<0.001]. In the FIT positive population (6223 cases), a total of 4894 cases underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 78.64%; 34 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 224 cases were advanced adenoma. The positive predictive values of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors were 2.67%, 5.54%, 5.44%, and 8.56%; negative predictive values were 94.89%, 96.85%, 96.11% and 96.99%; sensitivity was 29.27%, 50.30%, 12.20 % and 39.02%; specificity was 55.09%, 64.03%, 91.11% and 82.51%, respectively. The ROC curves constructed by HRFQ, APCS, FIT, HRFQ+FIT and APCS+FIT indicated that APCS+FIT presented the highest efficacy in screening advanced colorectal tumors (AUC: 0.608, 95%CI: 0.574-0.642). The comparison of the detection rates of different colorectal lesions between HRFQ and APCS questionnaires showed that there were no significant differences in detection rate of inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps between the two questionnaires (both P>0.05). However, as compared to HRFQ questionnaire, APCS questionnaire had higher detection rates in non-advanced adenomas [26.10% (777/2977) vs. 19.43% (701/3607), χ2=51.228, P<0.001], advanced adenoma [4.97% (148/2977) vs. 2.44% (88/3607), χ2=30.249, P<0.001] and colorectal cancer [0.57% (17 /2977) vs. 0.22% (8/3607), χ2=5.259, P=0.022]. Conclusions: APCS has a higher detection rate of advanced colorectal tumors than HRFQ. APCS combined with FIT can further improve the effectiveness of advanced colorectal tumor screening.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/diagnosis , Asia , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Constipation , Diarrhea , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Feces , Mass Screening/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 13-20, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935975

ABSTRACT

Excessive fluid resuscitation in massive burn patients is a common phenomenon in burn management, and the reasons are mostly related with administering resuscitation of crystalloid alone and pursuing a goal-directed resuscitation with targeting normal hemodynamic parameters in the first 24 h post burn. Tissue edema caused by excessive fluid resuscitation is a vital factor that induces complications including respiratory compromise, abdominal compartment syndrome, and so on. Therefore, in order to control excessive fluid resuscitation and prevent its subsequent complications in massive burn patients, it is necessary to determine the optimal resuscitation regime, set appropriate resuscitation endpoints, and implement precise management of fluid resuscitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluid Therapy , Resuscitation
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 95-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919608

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute respiratory viral infections pose significant morbidity and mortality, making it essential to diagnose respiratory viral infections rapidly. In this study, the diagnostic efficacy of the Luminex xTAG Respiratory Virus Panel (RVP) FAST v2 test was evaluated on respiratory viral infections. @*Materials and Methods@#Information was retrieved from electronic databases, including Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane Library, for systematic review. Studies that fulfilled predefined inclusion criteria were included. After the extraction of information, statistical software was utilized for quality evaluation, data analysis, and assessment of publication bias. @*Results@#Eighty groups in fourfold tables from nine articles were included to perform statistical analyses. Therein, the mean specificity and mean sensitivity of Luminex xTAG RVP FAST v2 test for the detection of respiratory viral infections were 0.99 (0.98–0.99) and 0.88 (0.87–0.90), respectively. Additionally, the negative and positive likelihood ratios were 0.14 (0.11–0.19) and 87.42 (61.88– 123.50), respectively. Moreover, the diagnostic odds ratio and area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic were 714.80 and 0.9886, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The Luminex xTAG RVP FAST v2 test could be a reliable and rapid diagnostic method for multiple respiratory viral infections.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 397-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of CO2 laser moxibustion on endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 76 patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis were randomized into a laser moxibustion group and a sham laser moxibustion group, 38 cases in each group. In the laser moxibustion group, moxibustion was applied at bilateral Zigong (EX-CA 1) using CO2 laser moxibustion instrument. In the sham laser moxibustion group, the manipulation of moxibustion was same as the laser moxibustion group, without laser output. The treatment was given once every other day, 30 min each time, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment and follow-up of 3 months after treatment, the scores of Gracely box scale (GBS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed, the usage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the duration of the treatment and the average days of taking drugs were recorded in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05), while those in the sham moxibustion group had no significant differences (P>0.05). Compared with the sham moxibustion group, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up (P<0.05), the cases and average days of taking drugs were less in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CO2 laser moxibustion can improve the pain symptom in patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis, and reduce the use of analgesic drugs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Carbon Dioxide , Endometriosis/complications , Moxibustion , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 43-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942862

ABSTRACT

Haining City and Jiashan County in Zhejiang Province are the first areas to carry out colorectal cancer screening in China, which started in the early 1970s and has been going on for more than 40 years. Meanwhile, Haining and Jiashan have also become the first batch of National Demonstration Bases for Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer. In the past 40 years, owing to Professor Zheng Shu who is brave and innovative, with an indomitable spirit, as well as the unremitting efforts and active exploration of all the team members, colorectal cancer screening which was unknown by the public and implemented with difficulties, has gradually been widely accepted and benefited the population. Today, remarkable achievements have been fulfilled in the colorectal cancer screening of Haining and Jiashan which has become the pioneer power in promoting the progress of colorectal cancer prevention and control in China and has certain influence both on China and the world. Meanwhile, a set of colorectal cancer screening strategies suitable for China has been explored and further promoted to be used nationwide, which is of great significance to the prevention and control of colorectal cancer in China. Looking forward to the future, the prevention and control of colorectal cancer in China is still difficult. We will continue to give full play to our existing advantages, not forget our original intention, move forward, explore innovation, and create greater glories!


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer/statistics & numerical data , History, 20th Century , Mass Screening/methods , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1356-1364, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a patient-reported outcomes (PRO) scale for post-stroke aphasia based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) holism. Methods:Referring to the TCM holism, the theoretical model was established following the standard process for the development of the PRO scale. An item pool was established and optimized with case review, patient interview, expert questionnaire survey and consensus conference. The PRO scale was established finally. Results:A pool of post-stroke aphasia items based on the holistic view of TCM was constructed in the physical, psychological and social model. The Expert Comment Form for the PRO Scale for Aphasia after Stroke was formed after sorting out the item pool. After expert surveys and meeting discussion, 40 items were finally selected to form the first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM. Conclusion:The first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM has been developed based on the TCM holism and the concept of PRO, which can be evaluated clinically.

15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 656-660, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911429

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical features and prognostic significance in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients with DTA (DNMT3A,TET2,ASXL1) mutations. Clinical characteristics of 140 patients diagnosed as de novo MDS at People′s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from September 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Next-generation sequencing was used to detect 34 related genes in MDS patients. DTA mutations and the correlation with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in MDS patients were evaluated. Among 140 MDS patients, DTA mutations was detected in 62 (44.3%) patients. And the positive rate of DTA mutations in IPSS-R lower-risk group was 65.4%, significantly higher than that of higher-risk group (31.8%)( P=0.000). Compared with the non-mutated group, patients with DTA mutations had a lower rate of conversion to leukemia (9.7% vs . 29.5%, P=0.004).Survival analysis showed that PFS in patients with DTA mutations was comparable as that in MDS patients without DTA mutations ( P=0.787), but the median OS was significantly shorter (16 months vs . 20 months, P=0.022).According to IPSS-R classification, the median OS in patients with and without DTA mutation was only statistically significant in the higher-risk group (15 months vs. 18 months, P=0.034).Among 62 patients with DTA mutations, 60 (96.8%) had additional gene mutations. DTA mutations were not independent prognostic factors when mutation frequency is greater than 10% were considered in Cox regression model ( P>0.05). DTA mutations often developed in the early stage of MDS, therefore they were more common in IPSS-R lower-risk subgroup which was correlated to the low rate of conversion to leukemia. In conclusion, DTA mutations are not associated with disease progression, but predict unfavorable survival when other add-on genes are mutated.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 593-597, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the renal injury induced by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic rats and its relationship with solute carrier family7 member11 (SLC7A11).Methods:SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 4 weeks, weighing 100-130 g, were fed with high-fat and high-sucrose diet freely.The weight of the rats was measured once a week.After the weight of the animals reached 240 g, 1% streptozotocin (STZ)-citrate buffer 35 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally to induce type 2 diabetes mellitus.After injection of STZ, the animals were fed with high-fat and high-sucrose diet continuously.Blood samples were collected from the tail vein for determination of blood glucose concentrations 1 week later.When random blood glucose was ≥16.7 mmol/L for 3 times, the model of type 2 diabetes mellitus was considered to be established successfully.After the model was established successfully, the animals were fed with high-fat and high-sucrose diet continuously for 6 weeks.Eighteen rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus were selected and divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: diabetic sham operation group (group DS), diabetic myocardial I/R group (group DIR) and diabetic myocardial I/R+ HIF-1α agonist DMOG group (DIR+ DMOG group). Twelve non-diabetic rats were divided into 2 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-diabetic sham operation group (NS group) and non-diabetic myocardial I/R group (NIR group). The rat myocardial I/R injury model was established by ligating the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120 min reperfusion in anesthetized rats.Blood samples were collected from the right internal carotid artery at 120 min of reperfusion for determination of the serum creatinine (Cr), urea nitrogen (BUN) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) concentrations (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Renal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes (by HE staining method) and for determination of the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 (by Western blot). The damage to the renal tubules was scored. Results:Compared with group NS, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased in group DS and group NIR, the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was down-regulated in group DS, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in group NIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group DS, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in group DIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group NIR, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was down-regulated in group DIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group DIR, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly decreased, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in group DIR+ DMOG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:HIF-1α is involved in the renal injury induced by myocardial I/R, which is related to regulation of the expression of SLC7A11 in rats.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 239-242, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885149

ABSTRACT

With the recognition of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-related vasculitis and widespread vaccination against viral hepatitis B, the prevalence of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) varied considerably. In our study, patients diagnosed as polyarteritis nodasa (PAN)based on the 1990 American College of Rheumatology(ACR) criteria were reclassified using 2007 European Medicines Agency(EMA) algorithm modified by 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference(CHCC) definitions, aiming to evaluate the new classification criteria for the diagnosis of PAN. A total of 113 PAN patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2002 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, who were classified into three subtypes including 9 patients with cutaneous, 80 with classic and 24 Hepatitis B virus (HBV) associated PAN. All patients were reclassified according to 2007 EMA algorithm using CHCC 2012 definitions. As a result, 7 patients were diagnosed as microscopic polyangiitis(MPA) and 19 patients with unclassified vasculitis based on the new classification criteria. The diagnostic rate of PAN was gradually declined as the classification criteria of vasculitides was update. However, there are quite a few PAN patients in China, whom rheumatologists should pay attention to the early diagnosis and treatment.

18.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 27-34, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879306

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize Chinese families in which both parents and at least one child are diagnosed with malignant diseases and provide reference for cancer screening or early detection in people whose both parents are diagnosed with cancer. Methods Medical records of all clients to the center of cancer screening and prevention of the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital between January 2008 and February 2018 were screened to select families in which both parents and at least one child were diagnosed with malignant diseases. The cancer profiles of fathers, mothers, sons and daughters, their age distribution at diagnosis, and similarity of cancers between two generations were analyzed. The proportions of each cancer in males and females of the cohort were compared with corresponding data from the National Cancer Center Registry of China (NCCRC) in 2013. Results Totally 135 families were identified from records of 33 200 clients. Proportion of lung cancer in fathers (40/135, 29.6%) and in mothers (38/135, 28.1%) were higher than the national data (23.9% in males and 14.9% in females, respectively). The proportion of breast cancer in daughters (35/109, 32.1%) was higher than that of mothers (14/135, 10.4%) and the national data (17.1%). In 71 father-son pairs of cancer, 46.5% (33/71) were of the same systematic disease, and 16.9% (12/71) were of the same cancer. These two indexes were 31.2% (

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1167-1175, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905348

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the effect of acupoint catgut embedding on motor function of rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion, and explore its possible mechanism. Methods:A total of 48 three-month old healthy specified pathogen free male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups with 16 rats in each group. The right external carotid artery was severed only in sham operation group. Right middle cerebral artery occlusion was induced for 90 minutes under isoflurane anesthesia using a monofilament in model group and acupoint catgut embedding group. Ninety minutes after reperfusion, the acupoint catgut embedding group accepted acupoint catgut embedding on Baihui (DU20) acupoint and anterior oblique line of vertex-temporal. After one, three, seven and 14 days of reperfusion, they were assessed with Neurological Evaluation and Screen Prehensile Test. After 14 days of reperfusion, the infarct volume was measured with TTC staining; the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and Synapsin I was detected with immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results:Compared with the sham operation group, the neurological score significantly decreased (t > 11.851, P < 0.001), the prehensile time significantly decreased (t > 6.190, P < 0.001), the expression of GFAP increased (P < 0.05), and the expression of Synapsin I decreased (P < 0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the neurological score significantly increased (t > 3.464, P < 0.001), the prehensile time significantly increased (t > 3.642, P < 0.001), the cerebral infarction volume significantly decreased (F = 93.426, P < 0.001), the expression of GFAP decreased (P < 0.05), and the expression of Synapsin I increased (P < 0.05) in the acupoint catgut embedding group. Conclusion:Acupoint catgut embedding could promote the recovery of motor function of rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, which may be related with inhibiting the proliferation of astrocytes, increasing the regeneration of axons in the ischemic penumbra and enhancing synaptic connection.

20.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 367-373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872424

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus rehabilitation training in treating post-stroke deglutition disorders of qi-deficiency blood stasis pattern. Methods: Sixty-six patients with post-stroke deglutition disorders of qi-deficiency blood stasis patter were divided into an observation group and a rehabilitation group using the random number table method. The two groups both received conventional medications and supportive treatment for stroke. In addition, the observation group received acupuncture plus rehabilitation training while the rehabilitation group only received the same rehabilitation training. The interventions were conducted 3 times a week for a total of 4 weeks in both groups. They were evaluated using Kubota water swallowing test (KWST), Fujishima Ichiro food intake level scale (FILS) and symptoms score of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) before and after treatment, and at the 1-month follow-up. The therapeutic efficacy was assessed at the 1-month follow-up. Results: The KWST grading and FILS result after treatment and at the follow-up were significantly different from those before treatment in both groups (all P<0.001); the results of these two items at the follow-up were not significantly different from those after treatment in the two groups (all P>0.05). There were significant differences in the KWST grading and FILS result between the two groups after treatment and at the follow-up (all P<0.05). The TCM symptoms score changed significantly after treatment and at the follow-up compared with that before treatment in both groups (all P<0.001). The TCM symptoms grading efficacy at the follow-up was significantly different from that after treatment in the observation group (P<0.05), while the difference was statistically insignificant in the rehabilitation group (P>0.05). The TCM symptoms grading efficacy in the observation group was significantly different from that in the rehabilitation group after treatment and at the follow-up (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the conventional treatment for stroke, acupuncture plus rehabilitation training or use of rehabilitation training alone both can improve the clinical symptoms in post-stroke deglutition disorders of qi-deficiency blood stasis pattern, but acupuncture plus rehabilitation training can produce more significant efficacy and better long-term efficacy in improving TCM symptoms.

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