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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of CO2 laser moxibustion on endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 76 patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis were randomized into a laser moxibustion group and a sham laser moxibustion group, 38 cases in each group. In the laser moxibustion group, moxibustion was applied at bilateral Zigong (EX-CA 1) using CO2 laser moxibustion instrument. In the sham laser moxibustion group, the manipulation of moxibustion was same as the laser moxibustion group, without laser output. The treatment was given once every other day, 30 min each time, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment and follow-up of 3 months after treatment, the scores of Gracely box scale (GBS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed, the usage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the duration of the treatment and the average days of taking drugs were recorded in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05), while those in the sham moxibustion group had no significant differences (P>0.05). Compared with the sham moxibustion group, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up (P<0.05), the cases and average days of taking drugs were less in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CO2 laser moxibustion can improve the pain symptom in patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis, and reduce the use of analgesic drugs.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Carbon Dioxide , Endometriosis/complications , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 13-20, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935975

ABSTRACT

Excessive fluid resuscitation in massive burn patients is a common phenomenon in burn management, and the reasons are mostly related with administering resuscitation of crystalloid alone and pursuing a goal-directed resuscitation with targeting normal hemodynamic parameters in the first 24 h post burn. Tissue edema caused by excessive fluid resuscitation is a vital factor that induces complications including respiratory compromise, abdominal compartment syndrome, and so on. Therefore, in order to control excessive fluid resuscitation and prevent its subsequent complications in massive burn patients, it is necessary to determine the optimal resuscitation regime, set appropriate resuscitation endpoints, and implement precise management of fluid resuscitation.


Subject(s)
Fluid Therapy , Humans , Resuscitation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of ferroptosis in hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury in cardiomyocytes cultured in high-fat high-glucose (HFHG) medium.Methods:Cardiomyocytes H9c2 cells were commonly cultured and divided into 3 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (C group), HFHG-H/R group and Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) plus HFHG-H/R group (Fer-1+ HFHG+ H/R group). H9c2 cells were cultured in a HFHG medium for 12 h and then exposed to 1%O 2-5%CO 2-94%N 2 for 4 h, followed by 2 h reoxygenation in a cell incubator.Fer-1 at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added while the cells were cultured in the HFHG medium in group Fer-1+ HFHG+ H/R.At 2 h of reoxygenation, the cell viability was measured using CCK-8 assay, the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the supernatant was measured using 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine color method, the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured by fluorescent probe DCFH-DA flow cytometry, and the expression of acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the activities of LDH release and ROS were increased, and the expression of ACSL4 and NCOA4 was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of GPX4 in group HFHG+ H/R ( P>0.05). Compared with group HFHG+ H/R, the cell activity was significantly increased, the activities of LDH and ROS were decreased, and the expression of ACSL4 and NCOA4 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of GPX4 in Fer-1+ HFHG+ H/R group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Ferroptosis is involved in the process of H/R injury in cardiomyocytes cultured in HFHG medium.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943043

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of high risk factors questionnaire (HRFQ), Asia-Pacific colorectal screening (APCS) score and their combinations with fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in screening advanced colorectal neoplasia, in order to provide an evidence for further optimization of cancer screening program. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used to summarize and analyze the results of colorectal tumor screening in Jiashan County, Zhejiang Province from March 2017 to July 2018. Those with severe diseases that were not suitable for colonoscopy and those with mental and behavioral abnormalities who can not cooperate with the screening were excluded. Those who met any one or more of the followings in the HRFQ questionnaire were classified as high-risk people of HRFQ: (1) first-degree relatives with a history of colorectal cancer; (2) subjects with a history of cancer or any other malignant tumor; (3) subjects with a history of intestinal polyps; (4) those with two or more of the followings: chronic constipation (constipation lasted for more than 2 months per year in the past two years), chronic diarrhea (diarrhea lasted for more than 3 months in the past two years, and the duration of each episode was more than one week), mucus and bloody stools, history of adverse life events (occurring within the past 20 years and causing greater trauma or distress to the subject after the event), history of chronic appendicitis or appendectomy, history of chronic biliary disease or cholecystectomy. In this study, those who were assessed as high risk by HRFQ were recorded as "HRFQ (+)", and those who were not at high risk were recorded as "HRFQ (-)". The APCS questionnaire provided risk scores based on 4 risk factors including age, gender, family history and smoking: (1) age: 2 points for 50-69 years old, 3 points for 70 years old and above; (2) gender: 1 point for male, 0 point for women; (3) family history: 2 points for first-degree relatives suffering from colorectal cancer; (4) smoking: 1 point for current or past smoking, 0 point for non-smokers. The population was divided into low-risk (0-1 point), intermediate-risk (2-3 points), and high-risk (4-7 points). Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS were recorded as "APCS (+)", and those with intermediate and low risk were recorded as "APCS (-)". The hemoglobin threshold for a positive FIT was set to 100 μg/L. Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with positive FIT were recorded as "APCS+FIT (+)". Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with negative FIT, those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle risk with positive FIT, and those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle with negative FIT were all recorded as "APCS+FIT(-)". Observation indicators in this study were as follows: (1) the screening compliance rate of the cohort and the detection of advanced colorectal tumors; (2) positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors; (3) comparison of the detection rate between HRFQ and APCS questionnaire for different colorectal lesions. Using SPSS 21.0 software, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the clinical value of HRFQ and APCS combined with FIT in screening advanced colorectal tumors. Results: From 2017 to 2018 in Jiashan County, a total of 53 268 target subjects were screened, and 42 093 people actually completed the questionnaire, with a compliance rate of 79.02%. A total of 8145 cases underwent colonoscopy. A total of 3607 cases among HRFQ positive population (5320 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 67. 80%; 8 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 88 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. A total of 2977 cases among APCS positive population (11 942 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 24.93%; 17 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 148 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. The positive rate of HRFQ screening was lower than that of APCS [12.6% (5320/42 093) vs. 28.4% (11 942/42 093), χ2=3195. 547, P<0.001]. In the FIT positive population (6223 cases), a total of 4894 cases underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 78.64%; 34 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 224 cases were advanced adenoma. The positive predictive values of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors were 2.67%, 5.54%, 5.44%, and 8.56%; negative predictive values were 94.89%, 96.85%, 96.11% and 96.99%; sensitivity was 29.27%, 50.30%, 12.20 % and 39.02%; specificity was 55.09%, 64.03%, 91.11% and 82.51%, respectively. The ROC curves constructed by HRFQ, APCS, FIT, HRFQ+FIT and APCS+FIT indicated that APCS+FIT presented the highest efficacy in screening advanced colorectal tumors (AUC: 0.608, 95%CI: 0.574-0.642). The comparison of the detection rates of different colorectal lesions between HRFQ and APCS questionnaires showed that there were no significant differences in detection rate of inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps between the two questionnaires (both P>0.05). However, as compared to HRFQ questionnaire, APCS questionnaire had higher detection rates in non-advanced adenomas [26.10% (777/2977) vs. 19.43% (701/3607), χ2=51.228, P<0.001], advanced adenoma [4.97% (148/2977) vs. 2.44% (88/3607), χ2=30.249, P<0.001] and colorectal cancer [0.57% (17 /2977) vs. 0.22% (8/3607), χ2=5.259, P=0.022]. Conclusions: APCS has a higher detection rate of advanced colorectal tumors than HRFQ. APCS combined with FIT can further improve the effectiveness of advanced colorectal tumor screening.


Subject(s)
Adenoma/diagnosis , Aged , Asia , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Constipation , Diarrhea , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Feces , Female , Humans , Male , Mass Screening/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 95-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919608

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute respiratory viral infections pose significant morbidity and mortality, making it essential to diagnose respiratory viral infections rapidly. In this study, the diagnostic efficacy of the Luminex xTAG Respiratory Virus Panel (RVP) FAST v2 test was evaluated on respiratory viral infections. @*Materials and Methods@#Information was retrieved from electronic databases, including Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane Library, for systematic review. Studies that fulfilled predefined inclusion criteria were included. After the extraction of information, statistical software was utilized for quality evaluation, data analysis, and assessment of publication bias. @*Results@#Eighty groups in fourfold tables from nine articles were included to perform statistical analyses. Therein, the mean specificity and mean sensitivity of Luminex xTAG RVP FAST v2 test for the detection of respiratory viral infections were 0.99 (0.98–0.99) and 0.88 (0.87–0.90), respectively. Additionally, the negative and positive likelihood ratios were 0.14 (0.11–0.19) and 87.42 (61.88– 123.50), respectively. Moreover, the diagnostic odds ratio and area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic were 714.80 and 0.9886, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The Luminex xTAG RVP FAST v2 test could be a reliable and rapid diagnostic method for multiple respiratory viral infections.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885149

ABSTRACT

With the recognition of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-related vasculitis and widespread vaccination against viral hepatitis B, the prevalence of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) varied considerably. In our study, patients diagnosed as polyarteritis nodasa (PAN)based on the 1990 American College of Rheumatology(ACR) criteria were reclassified using 2007 European Medicines Agency(EMA) algorithm modified by 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference(CHCC) definitions, aiming to evaluate the new classification criteria for the diagnosis of PAN. A total of 113 PAN patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2002 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, who were classified into three subtypes including 9 patients with cutaneous, 80 with classic and 24 Hepatitis B virus (HBV) associated PAN. All patients were reclassified according to 2007 EMA algorithm using CHCC 2012 definitions. As a result, 7 patients were diagnosed as microscopic polyangiitis(MPA) and 19 patients with unclassified vasculitis based on the new classification criteria. The diagnostic rate of PAN was gradually declined as the classification criteria of vasculitides was update. However, there are quite a few PAN patients in China, whom rheumatologists should pay attention to the early diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879306

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize Chinese families in which both parents and at least one child are diagnosed with malignant diseases and provide reference for cancer screening or early detection in people whose both parents are diagnosed with cancer. Methods Medical records of all clients to the center of cancer screening and prevention of the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital between January 2008 and February 2018 were screened to select families in which both parents and at least one child were diagnosed with malignant diseases. The cancer profiles of fathers, mothers, sons and daughters, their age distribution at diagnosis, and similarity of cancers between two generations were analyzed. The proportions of each cancer in males and females of the cohort were compared with corresponding data from the National Cancer Center Registry of China (NCCRC) in 2013. Results Totally 135 families were identified from records of 33 200 clients. Proportion of lung cancer in fathers (40/135, 29.6%) and in mothers (38/135, 28.1%) were higher than the national data (23.9% in males and 14.9% in females, respectively). The proportion of breast cancer in daughters (35/109, 32.1%) was higher than that of mothers (14/135, 10.4%) and the national data (17.1%). In 71 father-son pairs of cancer, 46.5% (33/71) were of the same systematic disease, and 16.9% (12/71) were of the same cancer. These two indexes were 31.2% (

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911429

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical features and prognostic significance in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients with DTA (DNMT3A,TET2,ASXL1) mutations. Clinical characteristics of 140 patients diagnosed as de novo MDS at People′s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from September 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Next-generation sequencing was used to detect 34 related genes in MDS patients. DTA mutations and the correlation with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in MDS patients were evaluated. Among 140 MDS patients, DTA mutations was detected in 62 (44.3%) patients. And the positive rate of DTA mutations in IPSS-R lower-risk group was 65.4%, significantly higher than that of higher-risk group (31.8%)( P=0.000). Compared with the non-mutated group, patients with DTA mutations had a lower rate of conversion to leukemia (9.7% vs . 29.5%, P=0.004).Survival analysis showed that PFS in patients with DTA mutations was comparable as that in MDS patients without DTA mutations ( P=0.787), but the median OS was significantly shorter (16 months vs . 20 months, P=0.022).According to IPSS-R classification, the median OS in patients with and without DTA mutation was only statistically significant in the higher-risk group (15 months vs. 18 months, P=0.034).Among 62 patients with DTA mutations, 60 (96.8%) had additional gene mutations. DTA mutations were not independent prognostic factors when mutation frequency is greater than 10% were considered in Cox regression model ( P>0.05). DTA mutations often developed in the early stage of MDS, therefore they were more common in IPSS-R lower-risk subgroup which was correlated to the low rate of conversion to leukemia. In conclusion, DTA mutations are not associated with disease progression, but predict unfavorable survival when other add-on genes are mutated.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the renal injury induced by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic rats and its relationship with solute carrier family7 member11 (SLC7A11).Methods:SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 4 weeks, weighing 100-130 g, were fed with high-fat and high-sucrose diet freely.The weight of the rats was measured once a week.After the weight of the animals reached 240 g, 1% streptozotocin (STZ)-citrate buffer 35 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally to induce type 2 diabetes mellitus.After injection of STZ, the animals were fed with high-fat and high-sucrose diet continuously.Blood samples were collected from the tail vein for determination of blood glucose concentrations 1 week later.When random blood glucose was ≥16.7 mmol/L for 3 times, the model of type 2 diabetes mellitus was considered to be established successfully.After the model was established successfully, the animals were fed with high-fat and high-sucrose diet continuously for 6 weeks.Eighteen rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus were selected and divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: diabetic sham operation group (group DS), diabetic myocardial I/R group (group DIR) and diabetic myocardial I/R+ HIF-1α agonist DMOG group (DIR+ DMOG group). Twelve non-diabetic rats were divided into 2 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-diabetic sham operation group (NS group) and non-diabetic myocardial I/R group (NIR group). The rat myocardial I/R injury model was established by ligating the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120 min reperfusion in anesthetized rats.Blood samples were collected from the right internal carotid artery at 120 min of reperfusion for determination of the serum creatinine (Cr), urea nitrogen (BUN) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) concentrations (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Renal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes (by HE staining method) and for determination of the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 (by Western blot). The damage to the renal tubules was scored. Results:Compared with group NS, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased in group DS and group NIR, the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was down-regulated in group DS, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in group NIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group DS, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in group DIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group NIR, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was down-regulated in group DIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group DIR, the concentrations of serum Cr, BUN and NGAL and renal tubular damage score were significantly decreased, and the expression of HIF-1α and SLC7A11 was up-regulated in group DIR+ DMOG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:HIF-1α is involved in the renal injury induced by myocardial I/R, which is related to regulation of the expression of SLC7A11 in rats.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942862

ABSTRACT

Haining City and Jiashan County in Zhejiang Province are the first areas to carry out colorectal cancer screening in China, which started in the early 1970s and has been going on for more than 40 years. Meanwhile, Haining and Jiashan have also become the first batch of National Demonstration Bases for Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer. In the past 40 years, owing to Professor Zheng Shu who is brave and innovative, with an indomitable spirit, as well as the unremitting efforts and active exploration of all the team members, colorectal cancer screening which was unknown by the public and implemented with difficulties, has gradually been widely accepted and benefited the population. Today, remarkable achievements have been fulfilled in the colorectal cancer screening of Haining and Jiashan which has become the pioneer power in promoting the progress of colorectal cancer prevention and control in China and has certain influence both on China and the world. Meanwhile, a set of colorectal cancer screening strategies suitable for China has been explored and further promoted to be used nationwide, which is of great significance to the prevention and control of colorectal cancer in China. Looking forward to the future, the prevention and control of colorectal cancer in China is still difficult. We will continue to give full play to our existing advantages, not forget our original intention, move forward, explore innovation, and create greater glories!


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer/statistics & numerical data , History, 20th Century , Humans , Mass Screening/methods , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a patient-reported outcomes (PRO) scale for post-stroke aphasia based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) holism. Methods:Referring to the TCM holism, the theoretical model was established following the standard process for the development of the PRO scale. An item pool was established and optimized with case review, patient interview, expert questionnaire survey and consensus conference. The PRO scale was established finally. Results:A pool of post-stroke aphasia items based on the holistic view of TCM was constructed in the physical, psychological and social model. The Expert Comment Form for the PRO Scale for Aphasia after Stroke was formed after sorting out the item pool. After expert surveys and meeting discussion, 40 items were finally selected to form the first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM. Conclusion:The first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM has been developed based on the TCM holism and the concept of PRO, which can be evaluated clinically.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes in bone height of the maxillary sinus floor at different sinus ridge heights after transcrestal sinus floor elevation (tSFE) with the simultaneous implantation of short implants.@*METHODS@#A total of 74 Bicon short implants were implanted into 37 patients during the same period of maxillary sinus elevation. The residual bone height (RBH)<4 mm group has 43 sites, and the RBH≥4 mm group has 31 sites. After 5 years of follow-up observation, the implant survival rate and the change in bone height achieved in the maxillary sinus over time were measured and analyzed via clinical examination and X-ray imaging.@*RESULTS@#In the 74 implantation sites, the elevation height of the sinus floor was (6.64±1.32) mm and the bone height of the sinus floor was (3.35±1.29) mm 5 years after loading. No statistical difference was observed in the bone resorption of the implant neck between the RBH<4 mm and RBH≥4 mm groups. Meanwhile, a statistical difference was noted in the bone height obtained in the maxillary sinus between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#When RBH in the maxillary posterior tooth area was <4 mm, the simultaneous implantation of Bicon short implants with tSFE can achieve a high implant survival rate and bone gain in the maxillary sinus, but does not increase the absorption of the alveolar ridge bone.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of miR-181b in CD19+ B lymphocytes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), to analyze the relationship between its expression and the prognosis of CLL patients, and to predict the potential target gene of miR-181b in CLL by using bioinformatics.@*METHODS@#Eight-four patients with CLL treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from June 2013 to June 2018 were selected. and 20 healthy people were selected as control group. RNA was extracted from CD19+B lymphocytes of peripheral blood by magnetic bead sorting, the expression level of miR-181b was detected, and it's expression differences in different IPI groups were analyzed. The correlation between the expression level of miR-181b and PFS of CLL patients also was analyzed. miR-181b target genes were predicted by online database and literatures, and gene annotation analysis and relevant signal pathway analysis were performed for candidate target genes.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of miR-181b in CLL patients was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.01); The expression level of miR-181b in the low-risk group was higher than that in high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference between low-risk group and medium-risk group (P=1.00). The expression level of miR-181b in medium-risk group was higher than that in high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P<0.05), but there was no difference between high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P=1.00). ROC curve results showed that the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.792 (P<0.01).When the expression level of miR-181b was at the threshold value of 0.279, it showed a better sensitivity (62.9%) and specificity (91.8%). Survival analysis results suggested that compared with the high expression group, the miR-181b low expression group had poor PFS (log rank: P=0.047). Prediction of miR-181b by using the starBase, targetscan and picTar database and its combination with literature reports indicated that CARD11, ZFP36L1, RUNX1, NR4A3, ATP1B1, PUM1 and PLAG1 related with blood diseases, and up-regulated CARD11 and ZFP36L1 participated in lymphoid tumor formation by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting cell aging.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of miR-181b in CLL group are significantly lower than that in the controls group, and the low expression of miR-181b relates with poor prognosis of CLL patients. Through bioinformatics prediction and combined with literature reports, it is speculated that CARD11 and ZFP36L1 as target genes of miR-181b may be participated in the occurrence and development of CLL. Further experiments are needed to verify this result.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865201

ABSTRACT

Objective To study neonatal umbilical cord blood vitamin D status and related factors.Method From January to March 2016,pregnant mothers and their neonates admitted to our hospital were enrolled.According to maternal intake of vitamin D in the third trimester,they were assigned into non supplement group,< 400 IU/d group and ≥ 400 IU/d group.Binary Logistic regression was used to examine factors related to neonatal umbilical cord blood vitamin D status.The predictive value of maternal third trimester vitamin D intaken and umbilical cord blood vitamin D level were determined using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve.Result A total of 109 newborns were enrolled in the study.The median concentration of 25 (OH)D in the umbilical cord blood was (17.5 ± 7.7) ng/ml.The incidences of 25 (OH) D sufficiency,insufficiency and deficiency was 33.9% (37/109),22.0% (24/109) and 39.4%(43/109),and 4 cases(4.6%) had serious deficiency.The median concentration of 25 (OH)D were (12.9 ± 6.5),(18.2 ± 6.9),(21.7 ± 8.4) ng/ml in the non-supplementation group,< 400 IU/d intake group and ≥400 IU/d intake group,respectively,with statistically significant differences(P < 0.05).The three groups had similar birth weight,height,bregma and head circumference (P > 0.05).25 (OH) D level in neonatal umbilical cord blood was positively correlated with the amount of maternal third trimester vitamin D supplementation (P < 0.05).The Youden index was highest (0.403) when vitamin D supplement was 187 IU/d,the corresponding sensitivity was 0.514,the specificity was 0.889 and the area under the ROC curve was 0.777 (95% CI 0.685 ~ 0.870).Conclusion Vitamin D insufficiency is common in neonatal umbilical cord blood among our patients.The maternal third trimester vitamin D supplementation dosage is related to the neonatal umbilical cord blood vitamin D level,which has a certain predictive value for vitamin D level in newborn.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872424

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus rehabilitation training in treating post-stroke deglutition disorders of qi-deficiency blood stasis pattern. Methods: Sixty-six patients with post-stroke deglutition disorders of qi-deficiency blood stasis patter were divided into an observation group and a rehabilitation group using the random number table method. The two groups both received conventional medications and supportive treatment for stroke. In addition, the observation group received acupuncture plus rehabilitation training while the rehabilitation group only received the same rehabilitation training. The interventions were conducted 3 times a week for a total of 4 weeks in both groups. They were evaluated using Kubota water swallowing test (KWST), Fujishima Ichiro food intake level scale (FILS) and symptoms score of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) before and after treatment, and at the 1-month follow-up. The therapeutic efficacy was assessed at the 1-month follow-up. Results: The KWST grading and FILS result after treatment and at the follow-up were significantly different from those before treatment in both groups (all P<0.001); the results of these two items at the follow-up were not significantly different from those after treatment in the two groups (all P>0.05). There were significant differences in the KWST grading and FILS result between the two groups after treatment and at the follow-up (all P<0.05). The TCM symptoms score changed significantly after treatment and at the follow-up compared with that before treatment in both groups (all P<0.001). The TCM symptoms grading efficacy at the follow-up was significantly different from that after treatment in the observation group (P<0.05), while the difference was statistically insignificant in the rehabilitation group (P>0.05). The TCM symptoms grading efficacy in the observation group was significantly different from that in the rehabilitation group after treatment and at the follow-up (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the conventional treatment for stroke, acupuncture plus rehabilitation training or use of rehabilitation training alone both can improve the clinical symptoms in post-stroke deglutition disorders of qi-deficiency blood stasis pattern, but acupuncture plus rehabilitation training can produce more significant efficacy and better long-term efficacy in improving TCM symptoms.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic resection and surgical resection for gastric schwannomas arising from the muscularis propria layer.Methods:Thirty-eight consecutive cases of gastric schwannomas diagnosed by histopathology between October 2011 and July 2016 were divided into the endoscopy group(including endoscopic submucosal excavation and endoscopic full-thickness resection) and the surgery group. Complications, complete resection rate and cost-effectiveness were analyzed.Results:The age was 52±10 years (range, 41-63 years) with 11(28.9%) males and 27(71.1%) females. The most common site of gastric schwannomas was the body (71.1%) and the antrum (21.1%). All 38(100%) lesions were protruded. The maximum diameter of the lesions was 2.5±1.2 cm (range 0.6-4.5 cm). Under endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), 60.5% lesions were heterogeneous hypoechoic, and 15 (39.5%) hypoechoic. The complete resection rate of endoscopy group was 100.0% (17/17). The median operation time of the endoscopy group was 54 minutes. Perforations occurred in 11 patients (64.7%, 11/17), and metal clips or the nylon rope combined with metallic clips were used to close the defect in the endoscopy group. Compared with the surgery group, the length of hospital stay was significantly shorter (4.6±0.6 d VS 9.6±4.4 d, P<0.001); the time to the first fluid diet was significantly shorter (1.2±0.4 d VS 2.7±0.7 d, P<0.001), and the costs were significantly lower (21 965.0±9 342.4 yuan VS 34 253.3±10 520.9 yuan, P<0.001) in the endoscopy group. S100 immunoreactivity was present in all tumors. Local recurrence and distant metastasis did not occur during the median 34 months of follow-up. Conclusions:Endoscopic resection appears to be safe and effective for diagnosis and treatment of gastric schwannomas from the muscularis propria layer. The cost-effectiveness of endoscopic resection is significantly higher than surgical resection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Changsulin ? with Lantus ? in treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods:This was a phase Ⅲ, multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, active-controlled clinical trial. A total of 578 participants with T2DM inadequately controlled on oral hypoglycemic agents were randomized 3∶1 to Changsulin ? or Lantus ? treatment for 24 weeks. The efficacy measures included changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2h postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG), 8-point self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) profiles from baseline, and proportions of subjects achieving targets of HbA1c and FPG. The safety outcomes included rates of hypoglycemia, adverse events (AEs) and anti-insulin glargine antibody. Results:After 24 weeks of treatment, mean HbAlc decreased 1.16% and 1.25%, FPG decreased 3.05 mmol/L and 2.90 mmol/L, 2hPG decreased 2.49 mmol/L and 2.38 mmol/L in Changsulin ? and in Lantus ?, respectively. No significant differences could be viewed in above parameters between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were also no significant differences between Changsulin ? and Lantus ? in 8-point SMBG profiles from baseline and proportions of subjects achieving the targets of HbA1c and FPG (all P>0.05). The rates of total hypoglycemia (38.00% and 39.01% for Changsulin ? and Lantus ?, respectively) and nocturnal hypoglycemia (17.25% and 16.31% for Changsulin ? and Lantus ?, respectively) were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Most of the hypoglycemia events were asymptomatic, and no severe hypoglycemia were found in both groups. No differences were observed in rates of AEs (61.77% vs.52.48%) and anti-insulin glargine antibody (after 24 weeks of treatment, 6.91% vs.3.65%) between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Changsulin ? shows similar efficacy and safety profiles compared with Lantus ? and Changsulin ? treatment was well tolerated in patients with T2DM.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905348

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the effect of acupoint catgut embedding on motor function of rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion, and explore its possible mechanism. Methods:A total of 48 three-month old healthy specified pathogen free male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups with 16 rats in each group. The right external carotid artery was severed only in sham operation group. Right middle cerebral artery occlusion was induced for 90 minutes under isoflurane anesthesia using a monofilament in model group and acupoint catgut embedding group. Ninety minutes after reperfusion, the acupoint catgut embedding group accepted acupoint catgut embedding on Baihui (DU20) acupoint and anterior oblique line of vertex-temporal. After one, three, seven and 14 days of reperfusion, they were assessed with Neurological Evaluation and Screen Prehensile Test. After 14 days of reperfusion, the infarct volume was measured with TTC staining; the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and Synapsin I was detected with immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results:Compared with the sham operation group, the neurological score significantly decreased (t > 11.851, P < 0.001), the prehensile time significantly decreased (t > 6.190, P < 0.001), the expression of GFAP increased (P < 0.05), and the expression of Synapsin I decreased (P < 0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the neurological score significantly increased (t > 3.464, P < 0.001), the prehensile time significantly increased (t > 3.642, P < 0.001), the cerebral infarction volume significantly decreased (F = 93.426, P < 0.001), the expression of GFAP decreased (P < 0.05), and the expression of Synapsin I increased (P < 0.05) in the acupoint catgut embedding group. Conclusion:Acupoint catgut embedding could promote the recovery of motor function of rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, which may be related with inhibiting the proliferation of astrocytes, increasing the regeneration of axons in the ischemic penumbra and enhancing synaptic connection.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1688-1695, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827923

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Zinc finger and BTB domain-containing protein 46 (Zbtb46) is a transcription factor identified in classical dendritic cells, and maintains dendritic cell quiescence in a steady state. Zbtb46 has been reported to be a negative indicator of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We found that Zbtb46 was expressed at a relatively higher level in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) compared to mature cells, and higher in AML cells compared to normal bone marrow (BM) cells. However, the role of Zbtb46 in HSPCs and AML cells remains unclear. Therefore, we sought to elucidate the effect of Zbtb46 in normal hematopoiesis and AML cells.@*METHODS@#We generated Zbtb46 and Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice. The deletion of Zbtb46 in Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection of double-stranded poly (I). poly (C) (poly(I:C)), and referred as Zbtb46 cKO. After confirming the deletion of Zbtb46, the frequency and numbers of HSPCs and mature blood cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Serial intraperitoneal injection of 5-fluorouracil was administrated to determine the repopulation ability of HSCs from Zbtb46 and Zbtb46 cKO mice. The correlation between Zbtb46 expression and prognosis was analyzed using the data from the Cancer Genome Atlas. To investigate the role of Zbtb46 in AML cells, we knocked down the expression of Zbtb46 in THP-1 cells using lentiviral vectors expressing small hairpin RNAs targeting Zbtb46. Cell proliferation rate was determined by cell count assay. Cell apoptosis and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation were determined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The percentages and absolute numbers of HSPCs and mature blood cells were comparable in Zbtb46 cKO mice and its Zbtb46 littermates (Zbtb46vs. Zbtb46 cKO, HPC: 801,310 ± 84,282 vs. 907,202 ± 97,403, t = 0.82, P = 0.46; LSK: 86,895 ± 7802 vs. 102,210 ± 5025, t = 1.65, P = 0.17; HSC: 19,753 ± 3116 vs. 17,608 ± 3508, t = 0.46, P = 0.67). The repopulation ability of HSCs from Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice was similar to those from Zbtb46 control (P = 0.26). Zbtb46 had elevated expression in AML cells compared to total BM cells from normal control. Knockdown of Zbtb46 in THP-1 cells led to a significant increase in cell apoptosis and reduced cell growth and proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#Collectively, our data indicate that Zbtb46 is essential for survival and proliferation of AML cells, but dispensable for normal hematopoiesis.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 830-832, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822499

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Longitudinal data were used in this study to examine the predictive effects of psychological stress in early puberty on subsequent anxiety and depression symptoms.@*Methods@#Objects from a puberty cohort of 998 children from 4 primary schools in Chongqing were included. Psychological stress was measured during their early puberty, and anxiety and depression were followed up after 4 years. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influence of psychological stress on anxiety and depression level in their middle puberty.@*Results@#The average score of psychological stress during early puberty was (34.79±24.78), and scores of anxiety and depression were (11.20±10.89) and (12.06±6.69), respectively, with detection rates of 14.03% and 15.63%. Girls had higher anxiety and depression scores than boys(F=51.58,5.48,P<0.05). The depression scores of children with different parents’ educational levelsand perceived parental relationship were different(F=6.74, 7.38, 10.49, P<0.05). The results of multiple linear regression showed that girls(β=4.38), higher psychological stress(β=0.13), older age (β=0.89) were risk factors for higher anxiety level. Children with higher psychological stress(β=0.05), older age(β=0.57), perceived worse parents’ relationship(β=1.19), lower maternal education (β=-1.00) had higher depression scores(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The psychological stress level, and age during early puberty had a positive predictive effect on anxiety and depression after 4 years. Simultaneously, girls were more prone to anxiety, and poor parental relationship and low maternal literacy were risk factors for children’s depression.

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