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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931211

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019,severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has been found to be the culprit in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19),causing a global pandemic.Despite the existence of many vaccine programs,the number of confirmed cases and fatalities due to COVID-19 is still increasing.Furthermore,a number of variants have been reported.Because of the absence of approved anti-coronavirus drugs,the treatment and management of COVID-19 has become a global challenge.Under these circumstances,drug repurposing is an effective method to identify candidate drugs with a shorter cycle of clinical trials.Here,we summarize the current status of the application of drug repurposing in COVID-19,including drug repurposing based on virtual computer screening,network pharmacology,and bioactivity,which may be a beneficial COVID-19 treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851276

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the antitussive effect of Sauropus spatulifolius, screen the active part of its antitussive effect, and study its antitussive mechanism. Methods The acute toxicity of different extraction sites of S. spatulifolius were studied by modified Karber’s method; The model was made with ammonia liquor to induce cough. The spray time that caused half of the mice to cough was calculated by sequential method with aim to screen the active sites. Capsaicin was used to induce cough, and the mechanism of action of extracts from various parts of S. spatulifolius on opioid receptor and ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) of mice was explored. Results The LD50 of 75% ethanol, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and 95% ethanol extracts was 7.30, 17.00, 69.68, and 75.88 g/kg, respectively; The maximum tolerance dose (MTD) of petroleum ether extracts was 117.71 g/kg; Extracts from 75% ethanol and ethyl acetate had antitussive effects, and its antitussive effect was related to opioid receptor and KATP pathway. Conclusion The fractions from 75% ethanol and ethyl acetate are the active parts of S. spatulifolius for relieving cough, and its antitussive mechanism is related to the KATP pathway and opioid receptors in the excited central system.

3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(4): 337-342, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective In the present study, we aimed to assess the associations of C1q gene polymorphisms with autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) susceptibility. Subjects and methods A set of 1,003 AITD patients (661 with Graves' disease and 342 with Hashimoto's thyroiditis) and 880 ethnically- and geographically-matched controls from Chinese Han population were included. Five common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs294185, rs292001, rs682658, rs665691 and rs294179) in C1q gene locus were genotyped. Frequencies of genotypes and alleles were compared between patients and controls, and haplotype analysis was also performed. Results There was no statistically significant difference between AITD patients and controls in the frequencies of alleles of rs294185 (P = 0.41), rs292001 (P = 0.71), rs682658 (P = 0.68), rs665691 (P = 0.68) and rs294179 (P = 0.69). There was also no statistically significant difference between AITD patients and controls in the frequencies of genotypes of rs294185 (P = 0.72), rs292001 (P = 0.89), rs682658 (P = 0.83), rs665691 (P = 0.90) and rs294179 (P = 0.43). Stratified analyses showed that none of those five SNPs in C1q gene were associated with Graves' disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (all P values > 0.05). Haplotype analysis revealed that there were no obvious genetic associations of C1q gene polymorphisms with AITD susceptibility. Conclusions We, for the first time, identified the associations between C1q gene SNPs and AITD, and our findings suggested that five common SNPs in C1q gene were not associated with AITD susceptibility in Chinese Han population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Complement C1q/genetics , Graves Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Hashimoto Disease/genetics , Genetic Association Studies/methods , Case-Control Studies , Linkage Disequilibrium/genetics , China/ethnology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Asians/genetics
4.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 942-945,946, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601355

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the volatile oil extraction and inclusion process of Wenweiyang capsules. Methods An orthogonal test was adopted in this study. The extraction technology was optimized for the yield of volatile oil regarding the amount of water loaded, grain size of medicinal material, and decoction time as factors. The inclusion technology was optimized for the inclusion yield and volatile oil inclusion rate using the ratio ofβ-CD:oil, amount of water and grinding time as factors. Results The optimized extraction parameters were as follows:breaking medicinal material through 10 mesh screen, adding 6 fold volume of water and extracting for 5 h. The optimized inclusion progress was grinding at theβ-CD:oil ratio of 81, loading equivalent amount of water and grinding for 30 minutes. The average yield of volatile oil is 1. 72%, the average inclusion rate is 93. 01% and the average volatile oil inclusion rate is 74. 82%. Conclusion The extraction and inclusion technology is simple, reliable, which can effectively retain the volatile oil and provide evidence for the preparation of Wenweiyang capsules.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251572

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate clinical outcomes of tendon allograft reconstruction with arthroscopy minimally invasive technique at stage I for the treatment of knee dislocation with multiple ligaments injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight patients with knee dislocation were reconstructed anterior and posterior ligament under arthroscopy at stage I from January 2008 to January 2012, and repaired ligaments injury of knee joint by minimally invasive technique. There were 38 males and 10 females aged from 20 to 59 years old with an average of 35.6 years old; 22 cases on the left side and 26 cases on the right side; the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 d to 2 weeks. Two cases combined with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL) and posterolateral complex injuries, 36 cases combined with ACL, PCL, and MCL injuries, 10 cases combined with ACL, PCL and PLC injuries; 4 cases combined with peroneal nerve injury. Lysholm scoring were used to compared the cases before operation and final following-up to evaluate knee function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 30 months with an average of (18.2 ± 6.3) months. Activity and stability of joint were obviously improved. Lysholm score were improved from 40.3 ± 4.1 before operation to 87.0 ± 6.4 at final following-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Reconstruction with arthroscopy minimally invasive technique at stage I for the treatment of knee dislocation with multiple ligaments injury could recover stability of joint better,reserve joint function. Preoperative training and postoperative individualized rehabilitation treatment is the key point of recover knee joint function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Knee Dislocation , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , General Surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament , Wounds and Injuries , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854239

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents in the aerial parts of Hypericum sampsonii. Chromatographic methods were used for the isolation and purification. The structures were identified on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Four compounds were isolated from the 60% ethanol extract in the aerial parts of H. sampsonii. They were identified as 3', 5'-dihydroxy-2, 4, 6-trimethoxylbenzophenone (1), 3'-hydroxy-2, 4, 6-trimethoxylbenzophenone-5'-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (2), 2-hydroxy-4, 6-dimethoxylbenzophenone (3), and 2, 4, 6, 3', 5'-pentamethoxylbenzophenone (4). Compounds 1 and 2 are two new benzophenone compounds named sampsine A and sampsine B; Compounds 3 and 4 are isolated from H. sampsonii for the first time.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440121

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the forming process of Wuzibushen Capsules. Methods Category and ratio of accessories were investigated by taking moisture absorption percentage as index. The inspected angle of repose, bulk density and critical relative humidity were also investigated. Results Starch was used as the excipien. Remedium cardinale and starch in the ratio of 1.15∶1.25 was more appropriate, 60% alcohol was added, dried at 60 ℃. Granules had a good fluidity, critical relative humidity was about 62%. Conclusion The forming technology was reasonable and provide reliable basis for production.

8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(12): 1202-1208, Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-659646

ABSTRACT

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is considered to be mediated mainly by Th1 cells, but it is not known whether Graves’ disease (GD) is associated with Th1 or Th2 predominance. Th17 cells, a novel subset of Th cells, play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune disorders. In the present study, the expression of IL-17A and IFN-γ was investigated in patients with HT or GD. mRNA expression of IL-17A and IFN-γ in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 43 patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and in thyroid tissues from 40 AITD patients were measured by real-time qRT-PCR. The protein expression of IL-17A and IL-23p19 was examined by immunohistochemistry in thyroid tissues from 28 AITD patients. The mRNA levels of IL-17A and IFN-γ were higher in both PBMC and thyroid tissues of HT patients than in controls (mRNA levels are reported as the cytokine/β-actin ratio: IL-17 = 13.58- and 2.88-fold change and IFN-γ = 16.54- and 2.74-fold change, respectively, P < 0.05). Also, the mRNA levels of IL-17A and IFN-γ did not differ significantly in GD patients (P > 0.05). The high protein expression of IL-17A (IOD = 15.17 ± 4.8) and IL-23p19 (IOD = 16.84 ± 7.87) in HT was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (P < 0.05). The similar high levels of IL-17A and IFN-γ suggest a mixed response of Th17 and Th1 in HT, where both cells may play important roles in the destruction procedure by cell-mediated cytotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cytokines/blood , Graves Disease/blood , Hashimoto Disease/blood , Th1 Cells/immunology , /immunology , Cytokines/metabolism , Graves Disease/immunology , Hashimoto Disease/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Interferon-gamma/blood , /blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298482

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigates the mechanism of hypooglycemic effect of conduritol A of stems of Gymnema sylvestre.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Fourteen days later after administration, observation is taken on the change of these mice and rats weight, the FBG, TG, CHO, SOD, MDA, INS, TNF in serum were also detected with enzymology method and Radioimmuoassay method. Take the liver to determine the disposal of glucose. Take the pancreas to do the HE and immunohistochemistrial staining, and show pancreas islet beta-cell. Calulate thymus, pancreas, splenica index.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with diabetic model mice, high and middosage of conduritol A could remarkably reduce fasted blood sugar in diabetic rats induced by alloxan (P < 0.01). Significantly increase the level of serum insulin (P < 0.05). Activity of SOD was obviously increased, and amount of MDA was obviously decreased (P < 0.05). The amount of conduritol A disposal of glucose was obviously increased (P < 0.05). Significantly increase thymus, pancreas, splencia index (P < 0.01 or 0.05); inhibited the atrophy of thymus, pancreas, splencias of the diabetic rats induced by alloxan. Compared with diabetic model group, cell structure and form of conduritol A had been some way improved. The immunohistochemistry results showed that beta-cells numbers of pancreas in each conduritol A group were more than those in the model group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Conduritol A could have an effect on regulating the metabolism of blood lipid, free-radical scavenging, enhancing the antioxidant ability, potentiating immune function. Promoting synthesis of hepatic to decrease fasted blood suger.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Gymnema sylvestre , Chemistry , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Male , Models, Animal , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639625

ABSTRACT

0.05). Two fasting blood samples of 3 mL were taken in both groups and were sealed in tubes.Serum was separated by centrifugation at 3 000 r/min for 10 min. The serum IGF-Ⅰ, IgG, IgA and IgM were detected with the method of ELISA. The body height, wieght were measured at the same time. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 11.0 software. Means and standard deviation were calculated.t-test was used to compare the differences between menas.Pearson correlation was used to analyze the significance of correlation.Results The serum IGF-Ⅰ,IgG,IgA,IgM and weight,height in RRI group were (21.8?4.5) ?g/L,(8.85?1.94) g/L,(0.78?0.22) g/L,(1.01?0.55) g/L,(17.7?4.92) kg and (95.2?3.22) cm.The serum IGF-Ⅰ,IgG,IgA,IgM and weight,height in control group were (32.7?4.7) ?g/L,(12.05?2.09) g/L,(1.95?0.90) g/L,(1.60?0.60) g/L,(25.3?9.6) kg,(104.7?8.32) cm,respectively.There were significant differences between 2 groups(Pa

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