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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the material basis and mechanism of Sangjiang Ganmao injection (SG) in the treatment of common cold by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS) and network pharmacology. Method:UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS was used to identify the chemical components of SG with mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 4%-15%A; 10-35 min, 15%-30%A; 35-45 min, 30%-33%A; 45-55 min, 33%-60%A; 55-58 min, 60%A), flow rate of 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, electrospray ionization (ESI) and scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 500 under positive and negative ion modes. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and GeneCards 5.0 database were used to screen and predict the potential targets of chemical components in SG, STRING 11.0 database and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software were used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network model, gene ontology (GO) analysis and pathway analysis were performed on potential targets by Metascape 3.5, Reactome database and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to build the network of "herbs-ingredients-key targets". Result:A total of 54 components in SG were identified, and 80 potential targets of SG for treatment of common cold were predicted and screened based on this. SG exerted therapeutic effects by acting on targets such as interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-10, and signaling pathways such as IL-17 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway and interaction of cytokine receptors. Conclusion:SG may interfere with the expression of inflammatory cytokines by acting on related targets and pathways such as inflammation and immune system, and regulate the immune function of the body as a whole, thereby exerting a therapeutic effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of Guizhi Shaoyao Zhimutang (GSZT) on the osteoporosis (OP) in SD female rats induced by ovariectomy (OVX) combined with glucocorticoid injection and its related mechanisms. Method:The rats were divided into a sham operation group and an experimental group for OVX. One week later, the experimental rats were divided into an OP model group, a calciferol (positive control, 0.1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low(0.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium(1.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (3.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) GSZT groups. Except for those in the sham operation group, the rats received an intramuscular injection of dexamethasone (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) twice per week for six weeks. After the rats were treated correspondingly for eight weeks, the rats were sacrificed for thighbone sample collection. The computer microtomography (Micro CT) was used to analyze the parameters of bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume (BV), tissue volume (TV), structure model index (SMI), connectivity density (Conn.D), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular pattern factor (Tb.Pf), and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp). In addition, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson staining was used for the histopathological examination of the thighbone. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was used to analyze osteoclasts in bone tissues. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), cathepsin K (CTSK), and TRAP5b in bone tissues, and Western blot was carried out to determine receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in bone tissues. Result:Compared with normal group, the number of bone trabeculae in cancellous part of OP model rats decreased significantly, the spacing widened, the thickness became thinner, and the continuity was poor. Compared with model group, GZST medium and high-dose groups could improve the changes of femoral bone trabecular cancellous bone. Masson staining showed that compared with the normal group, the growth plate thickness of the distal femur epiphysis was thinner and the area of new bone was smaller in the OP model group, while the reduction of new bone was inhibited in the high dose group of calcitol and GZST. TRAP staining results showed that the number of osteoclasts in OP group was significantly increased compared with the normal group, and the number of osteoclasts in medium-high dose GZST group was reduced. Micro CT results showed that compared with normal group, BMD, BV, Tb.N, Tb.Th and Conn.D of OP rats were decreased, SMI and Tb.Sp were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, medium and high dose of GZST could improve the degree of osteoporosis in OP rats, BV, Tb.N were significantly increased, SMI, Tb.Sp were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). ELISA results revealed that compared with the sham operation group, the OP model group showed decreased ALP content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased MMP-9, TRAP5b, and CTSK (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the OP model group, the high-dose GSZT group showed increased ALP content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and decreased MMP-9, TRAP5b, and CTSK (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Western blot results demonstrated that compared with the OP model group, the calciferol group and the high-dose GSZT group showed inhibited expression of the RANKL protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and increased OPG expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:The findings suggest that GZST has a potential therapeutic effect on OP caused by OVX combined with glucocorticoids in rats, and the underlying mechanism is associated with the regulation of RANKL/OPG in bone tissues. This study is expected to lay a preliminary foundation for its clinical application and modern preparation development.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of vowel production of dysarthria after stroke, and the relationship between vowel production and speech clarity. Methods:From October, 2019 to January, 2020, 19 patients with post-stroke dysarthria and 18 healthy controls were asked to read a short essay to extract vowels, and measured the jaw distance, tongue distance, F2i/F2u, vowel space area (VSA), vowel articulation index (VAI), F1 and F2 variability, and speech clarity. The correlation between vowel production and speech clarity were analyzed. Results:Tongue distance, F2i/F2u, VSA, VAI, and speech clarity were less in the patients than in the controls (|t| > 2.268, P < 0.05), while F2 variability was more (t = 2.375, P < 0.05). F2i/F2u (r = 0.465), VAI (r = 0.488) and F2 variability (r = -0.504) were correlated to speech clarity (P < 0.05). Conclusion:The vowel production impaired in patients with post-stroke dysarthria, featured as abnormal articulatory movements, concentration of vowels and poor stability of vowels, which impacts the speech clarity.

4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 89-103, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881005

ABSTRACT

The processing of Chinese herbal medicine is a form of pharmaceutical technology developed over thousands of years, in order to increase efficiency and decrease toxicity of herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Herbal processing is essential for safe and effective application of TCM in clinical practice, as it alters the active chemical components and therefore the functions of herbal medicines. Alkaloid-rich herbal medicines in TCM are commonly processed by cleansing, cutting, processing by dry stir-frying, stir-frying with liquid adjuvants, and processing by water decoction. In addition, commonly used adjuvants for processing alkaloid-rich herbal medicines are river sand, wine, vinegar, brine, honey and herbal juice. For alkaloid-rich herbal medicines, the main chemical reactions that occur during processing include hydrolysis, oxidation, replacement, decomposition and condensation. This paper aimed to summarize the processing methods and mechanisms for alkaloid-rich Chinese herbal medicines, and provide much-needed theoretical support and scientific evidence for understanding those mechanisms and effects. Information on processing methods for alkaloid-rich herbal medicines was collected from classic books of herbal medicine, PhD and MSc dissertations, online scientific databases including PubMed, SciFinder, Scopus, Web of Science, Baidu Scholar and Google Scholar. This paper should help to advance our knowledge of the processing mechanisms and aid in the development of processing methods for alkaloid-rich Chinese herbal medicines.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905736

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion:Articulation disorder for children is classified to Developmental Speech Sound Disorder (6A01.0). It involves in the eye, ear and related structures (s2), structures involved in voice and speech (s3), especially structure of external ear (s240), structure of middle ear (s250) and structure of inner ear (s260); voice and speech functions (b3), especially articulation functions (b320); communication (d3), learning and applying knowledge (d1), interpersonal interactions and relationships (d7), and community, social and civic life (d9), especially speaking (d330), conversation (d350), using communication devices and techniques (d360) and acquiring language (d133). The assessment of articulation disorder should be covered articulation accuracy and motor function of articulation. A holistic rehabilitation solution for children with articulation disorder has been developed, involving in body structure, body function, activities and participation, and environmental factors, including assessment, training and treatment, educational counseling, and psychological and social support. Objective:To explore the diagnosis of diseases and functioning of articulation function and conduct content analysis of assessment tools in Chinese, and to construct framework of rehabilitation solution based on International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (Children and Youth version) (ICF-CY) and International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI). Methods:The diagnosis of disease and functioning was discussed with ICD-11 and ICF. The assessment tools were analyzed with ICF. A holistic rehabilitation solution was constructed with ICF and ICHI.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873203

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS and network pharmacology, the material basis, processing principle and molecular mechanism of bile processed Coptidis Rhizoma (BPRC) for reducing excess fire of liver and gallbladder were elucidated.Method:The chemical ingredients of BPRC were analyzed by UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS. Chromatographic separation was achieved with 0.1% formic acid solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase in gradient elution (0-20 min, 5%-80%B; 20-30 min, 80%-95%B; 30-30.1 min, 95%-5%B; 30.1-35 min, 95%-5%B). The flow rate was 0.2 mL·min-1, electrospray ionization (ESI) was applied and operated in positive and negative ion modes, the acquisition range was m/z 100-1 500. Based on the clinical manifestations and pathogenic factors of excess fire of liver and gallbladder, the potential effective ingredients, targets and functional characteristics of BPRC were predicted and analyzed by online database. Based on the characteristics of the new active ingredients after processing, the processing principle of BPRC was investigated by network pharmacology.Result:A total of 19 ingredients in BPRC were identified, six of which were newly added cholic acids after processing. It was determined that the alkaloids, including worenine, epiberberine, jatrorrhizine, coptisine, berberrubine, berberine, palmatine and cholic acids, including glycohyodeoxycholic acid, taurohyodeoxycholic acid, glycochenodeoxycholic acid, hyodeoxycholic acid and taurochenodeoxycholic acid, were identified as material basis of BPRC. A total of 66 targets of reducing excess fire of liver and gallbladder of BPRC were screened. There were 16 common targets and multiple same signaling pathways between cholic acids and alkaloids of BPRC, and many lesions of excess fire of liver and gallbladder were target organs of cholic acids. By acting on some targets, including albumin (ALB), Caspase-3 (CASP3), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14), glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) and other targets and some signaling pathways, including interleukin (IL)-17, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), MAPK and other pathways, BPRC could reduce excess fire of liver and gallbladder.Conclusion:BPRC has the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway on reducing excess fire of liver and gallbladder. Bile and Coptidis Rhizoma have synergistic effect and bile can enhance the intensity of BPRC in lesions, which confirms the processing theory that the effect of BPRC on excess fire of liver and gallbladder enhance after being processed by bile.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 544-547, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744908

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the preventive effect of Hirudoid (MPS) ointment on psoriasislike dermatitis in mice and explore its mechanism.Metbods 21 Balb/C mice were randomly divided into three groups:blank control group,positive control group (imiquimod group) and treatment group (imiquimod + Hirudoid group).The blank control group was treated with imiquimod matrix.The positive control group was treated with 5% imiquimod cream to induce psoriatic dermatitis in mice's back.The treatment group was treated with 5% imiquimod cream in the morning and Hirudoid cream in the afternoon.The changes of skin erythema,scales,infiltration severity and skin histopathology in the experimental area of mice back and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-17A and protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)in the three groups of mice were observed.Results The clinical and pathological findings of skin lesions in the positive control group showed that 5% imiquimod cream successfully induced psoriasis-like dermatitis in mice.The appearance and pathological feature of skin lesions in the blank control group were almost close to normal skin.The degree of erythema,infiltration and scales in the back of the treatment group was significantly less than that in the positive control group,and the degree of microscopic inflammation in the treatment group was also lighter than that in the positive control group;The serum levels of IL-17A and TNF-α in the treatment group and the blank control group were significantly lower than that of the positive control group,with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).Conclusions Hirudoid can significantly reduce imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis by inhibiting the expression of IL-17A and TNF-α.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776834

ABSTRACT

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80%-85% of all lung malignancies and good diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC are critical to the increase of its survival rate. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) abundantly present in numerous cancer types, and the role of TAMs in tumor biology and their prognostic value in cancer become major topics of interest. After various stimulations in the tumor microenvironment, TAMs develop into a M1 (tumor-inhibitory) phenotype or M2 (tumor-promoting) phenotype. Recent studies show that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) monomers have markedly inhibitory actions for NSCLC through M1/M2 modulation. Due to the TCM monomers mainly covered five categories, i.e. terpenoids, flavonoids, polysaccharides, natural polyphenols, and alkaloids. Thus, we will discuss the regulation of TCM monomers on TAM involve in these five parts in this review. In addition, the potential role of TAMs as therapeutic targets will be discussed.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773192

ABSTRACT

To establish the spectrum-effect relationship between HPLC fingerprint and free radicals activity scavenging in Guizhi Shaoyao Zhimu Decoction( GSZD),and provide a basis for the quality evaluation and modernization of classical prescriptions. Shimadsu GL-science C18 column( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used with acetonitrile-0. 1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The detective wave length was 254 nm; the column temperature was set at 32 ℃; the injection volume was 20 μL; and the flow rate was 1. 0 m L·min-1.10 batches of primary standard samples of GSZD were detected,and their HPLC fingerprint was established by using the similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM). The activity of scavenging free radicals was studied by 1,1-diphenyl-2-trinitrophenylhydrazine( DPPH) method,and the spectrum-effect relationship was studied by Pearson bivariate correlation analysis. The common mode of GSZD fingerprints was established,and 26 common peaks were marked,with similarities ranging from 0. 929 to 0. 998. Eight of the chromatographic peaks were identified by using the control comparison method: gallic acid,mangiferin,paeoniflorin,glycyrrhizin,asparagus,5-O-methylvisamicin,cinnamic acid,and ammonium glycyrrhetate. Among them,the content changes of No. 14( paeoniside),20,12( mangiferin),13 and 23( cinnamic acid) common peaks were negatively correlated with free radical scavenging activity. The fingerprint showed high precision,repeatability and stability,and the common peaks were well separated,so it can be used for the quality evaluation of GSZD,and could provide reference for further studies on the material basis of GSZD.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cinnamomum aromaticum , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801804

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Coptidis Rhizoma on intestinal microflora of normal and type 2 diabetic rats before and after being steamed with rice wine based on 16S rRNA sequencing technology. Method: The type 2 diabetic rat model was established by high-fat diet and streptozotocin. Normal and model rats were given the decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma or Coptidis Rhizoma steamed with rice wine every day (0.8 g·kg-1, according to raw drug quantity), the positive drug group was given metformin solution every day (0.25 g·kg-1), continuous administration for 30 d. Blood glucose was measured once a week and oral glucose tolerance was measured on the 27th day of administration. On the 30th day, feces were taken and the rats were anesthetized. Blood was taken for enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Colon was dissected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology, the alpha diversity, beta diversity, abundance and composition, and the correlation with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of intestinal microflora were comprehensively analyzed and evaluated. Result: After giving normal rats Coptidis Rhizoma or Coptidis Rhizoma steamed with rice wine, there were some inflammatory reactions, imbalance of oxidation-antioxidant system, pathological damage of colon and changes of intestinal microflora, which showed some toxic and side effects, but the toxic and side effects of Coptidis Rhizoma steamed with rice wine were lower than those of Coptidis Rhizoma. Coptidis Rhizoma could reduce fasting blood glucose and improve glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetic rats before and after steaming. Although the effect of Coptidis Rhizoma steamed with rice wine had an increasing trend, there was no significant difference between before and after processing. Type 2 diabetic rats appeared mild inflammation and imbalance of oxidation-antioxidant system, characterized by significant increase of contents of interleukin (IL)-6, nuclear transcription factor (NF)-κB and malondialdehyde (MDA) (PPPConclusion: Coptidis Rhizoma can treat type 2 diabetic rats by regulating intestinal microflora before and after steaming with rice wine, and the effect of Coptidis Rhizoma steamed with rice wine is better. The toxic and side effects of Coptidis Rhizoma on intestinal flora are reduced by steamed with rice wine. The processing mechanism of increasing efficacy and decreasing toxicity of Coptidis Rhizoma steamed with rice wine is closely related to intestinal microflora.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1644-1649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691999

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the clinical effect and safety of repaglinide and metformin for treating diabetes mellitus (MD) of secondary failure of sulfonylurea (SFS).Methods The randomized controlled trials (RCT) at home and abroad on the comparison of effect and safety of repaglinide and metformin in treating MD with SFS were retrieved.The modified Jadad scale was employed to evaluate the literature quality.The RevMan5.3.1 software was used for conducting the meta analysis.Results A total of 10 RCT were included.The meta-analysis results showed that compared with metformin for treating MA with SFS,repaglinide decreased the fasting blood glucose effectively (MD=-2.30,95 % CI:-2.53--2.06,P<0.01),increased the fasting C-peptide (MD=0.06,95%CI:0.02-0.11,P=0.01),reduced the postprandial 2 h blood glucose (MD=-2.17,95 %CI:-2.44-1.89,P<0.01) and decreased glycosylated hemoglobin (MD=-2.60,95%CI:-3.21--2.00,P<0.01) as well as the adverse reactions (RR=0.05,95%CI:0.02-0.09,P<0.01).However,there was no statistical difference in fasting insulin between the repaglinide and metformin groups (MD=0.18,95%CI:-0.18-0.54,P=0.32).Conclusion Currently evidences suggest that repaglinide is superior to metformin for treating MD with SFS.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607231

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the validity of a new material, to verify the influence of gender and age differences on normal school children, and give advice to establishing the norms of mean nasalance for normal school children.Methods The mean nasalance of 190 school children in Shanghai was obtained by reading the new, old material and the vowel /a/,/o/,/e/,/i/,/u/, and /ü/, the mean nasalance was analyzed for the standard deviations.The gender and age score differences were compared.Results The new material was more stable than the old.In the test of /i/ and/ü/and the nasal material, the girls'' MNS was higher than the boys''.In testing the vowels /a/,/o/,/e/,/i/,/u/, and /ü/and the new material, there were differences in different ages.Conclusion The validity of new material is more stable than the old.The MNS of the normal children in Shanghai show that it is higher for the girls than the boys, and also higher for the older children than for the younger.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666559

ABSTRACT

An online solid phase extraction ( online-SPE) combined with ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS / MS-Qtrap) was established for the simultaneous identification and determination of 10 kinds of algal toxins in water samples. Multiple injections of water samples were controlled by a preset program, and the target analytes were enriched by trap column. The six-way valve was switched subsequently, and the algal toxins in the trap column were back-flushed to the analytical column for separation and analysis. The results showed that the online SPE significantly simplified pretreatment process, and the linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry improved the sensitivity of the determination. Moreover, the establishment of enhanced product ion (EPI) scan library provided evidence for the confirmation of algal toxins. The 10 kinds of algal toxins showed a good linear relationship with correlation coefficient R2>0. 99. The limits of detection (LOD) were 0. 0015 -0. 0050 μg / L. The mean recoveries at three spiked levels of 0. 02, 0. 1, 1. 0 μg / L were from 83. 7% to 98. 5% . The method was suitable for the rapid confirmation and quantitative determination of various algal toxins in water.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616340

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of the speech fluency of preschool hearing-impaired children with hearing devices ,and to explore influence of different hearing devices, age, ender and intervention time on their speech fluency.Methods A total of 109 subjects of normal children and hearing-impaired children were induded in this study.They were divided into 3 groups, 30 of normal children , 28 of hearing-impaired children with hearing aids , 26 of hearing-impaired children with cochlear implants, 25 of hearing-impaired children with Cochlear implant and hearing aids.Their speech speed,pause,repetition,and prolongation in spontaneous language tasks by exploring the influence of factors such as hearing devices'' types,age, gender and intervention time difference to their speech fluency were studied.Results (1) The speed in normal children was significantly higher than those of in the other three groups(P0.05).The speech speed of children with hearing aids was higher than children with cochlear implants(P=0.045).Children with cochlear implant had more pauses than children with hearing aids(P=0.028).The speech speed of hearing-impaired children in 3.5~5 years old was lower than hearing-impaired children in 5.1~6.5 years old(P=0.042).The speech speed of hearing-impaired children who receive intervention less than 2.5 years, was higher than the children who receive intervention more than 2.5 years(P=0.002),while children who receive intervention less than 2.5 years had more pauses(P=0.047) and prolongations(P=0.002).Conclusion (1)Preschool hearing-impaired children''s speed is lower than the normal, and the times of pause and prolongation is more than the normal.(2) Different hearing devices and intervention time influence preschool hearing-impaired children''s verbal fluency, while gender have no effects.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618093

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between the walking function status and the quality of bowel preparation for colonoscopy in the elderly patients. Methods Two hundreds elderly (over 70 years) patients undergoing colonoscopy were selected. The walking function status was evaluated by the ability of daily living scale (Schonberg index), and the patients were divided into normal walking group (114 cases) and difficulty walking group (86 cases). Patients in the 2 groups accepted the unified intestinal preparation programs and education guidance. The patients′ compliances to preparation instructions were observed. The causes of non-compliance were investigated. The quality of bowel preparation was assessed using the Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS). The correlation between walking function status and compliance or quality of bowel preparation was analyzed with the Spearman rank correlation test. Results The proportion of failing to completely take the intestinal cleanser was lower in the difficulty walking group than that in the normal walking group: 53.5% (46/86) vs. 26.3%(30/114), and there was statistical difference (χ2=15.362, P0.05). The correlation analysis result showed that the walking function status was positively correlated with compliance and quality of bowel preparation in the elderly patients (r=0.238 and 0.177, P<0.05). Conclusions The walking function status is correlated to the quality of bowel preparation in elderly patients undergoing colonoscopy. Difficulty walking may indicate the poor compliance and poor colonoscopy preparation in the aged.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497650

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Nrf2/ARE pathway activator upregulating the expression of phase Ⅱ detoxifcation enzymes and antioxidant enzymes in islet B cell on its morphological structure in type 2 diabetic rats.Methods Type 2 diabetic rats were divided into diabetes model group (DM group),and tertiary-Butylhydroquinone intervention group(tBHQ group).At the same time,the normal control group (NC group)was set up.All rats were killed after eight-week continuous intervention.Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and fasting insulin (FINS) level were determined.Morphological structure of islet cells and apoptosis were observed.ELISA was used to determine MDA,TNF-α and T-SOD levels in serum and pancreatic tissues and Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of total Nrf2 and nulear Nrf2 in pancreatic tissues.Results Compared with NC group,FBG and FINS levels significantly increased and decreased in DM group respectively (all P=0.000).Compared with DM group,FBG and FINS levels significantly decreased and increased in tBHQ group respectively (all P=0.000).Compared with NC group,the number of islet cells significantly decreased and swelling,necrosis and apoptosis occurred in DM group.Islet cells in tBHQ group were significantly better than those in DM group.Compared with NC group,MDA and TNF-α levels in serum and pancreatic tissue significantly increased and TSOD levels significantly decreased in DM group (all P=0.000).Compared with DM group,MDA and TNF-α levels in serum and pancreatic tissue significantly decreased and T-SOD levels significantly increased in DM group(all P=0.000).Total Nrf2 and nulear Nrf2 in protein expression in DM group were significantly lower of than those in NC group (P()=0.000,P nulear Nrf2=0.006).Rats in tBHQ group had significantly higher protein expression of total Nrf2 and nulear Nrf2 than in DM group (all P=0.000).Conclusions Activating Nrf2/ARE pathway can reduce injury of oxidative stress and chronic inflammation on islet B cells further through upregulating the expression of phase Ⅱ detoxifying enzymes and antioxidant enzymes in islet B cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487667

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference and the correlation of the vowel's phonation threshold pressure and nasalance in normal subjects .Methods The Aeroview (GLOTTAL Enterprises)with the materials /pa/,/pi/,/pu/ was used to obtain phonation threshold pressure values and The NasalviewTM (Tiger Electronics Inc .,Seattle ,Shanghai) with the materials /a/,/i/,/u/was used to obtain nasalance values .A total of 30 subjects (15 males ,15 females ,and aged 19~30) years old received the tests .The results of the vowel's phonation threshold pressure and nasalance gender score difference were compared .Results The PTP gender scores of /a/,/i/,/u/in maleswere4.53±0.70cm,5.21±0.80cm,5.87±1.45cm,andinfemaleswere4.09±0.30cm,4.47±0.30cm, and 4 .77 ± 0 .32 cm ,respectively .There were significant differences between males and females in PTP values (P 0 .05) .The na‐salance gender score differences showed that females were greater than males .There were significant differences in different vowels(P<0 .05) .This study found a weak correlation between PTP and nasalance .Conclusion The relationship between oral pressure and nasal flow cannot be accurately measured by measuring PTP ,and /pa/is a relatively suit‐able material for testing oral pressure .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between serum cystatin-C (Cys-c) levels and vibrating perception threshold (VPT) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
@*METHODS@#According to the symptoms, signs and results of lab examination, a total of 352 patients with T2DM were divided into a diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (DPN group, n=107) and a non-diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (NDPN group, n=245). Serum Cys-c levels were measured by radioimmunoassay method. The relationship between serum Cys-c levels and VPT, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), glucose and blood pressure and other parameters were also analyzed by correlation and multiple regression analysis. All T2DM patients were divided into a high Cys-c levels group (n=89) and a low Cys-c levels group (n=263) according to the upper quartile of Cys-c, and the incidence of DPN and VPT levels in each group were compared. Risk factors of DPN in T2DM patients were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the optimal cutoff of serum Cys-c levels for predicting DPN in patients with T2DM.
@*RESULTS@#Serum Cys-c levels were significantly higher in the DPN group than that in the NDPN group [(1.04±0.43) vs (0.80±0.25) mg/L, P0.996 mg/L, the predicts have high risk of DPN in T2DM patients, which might be related to diabetic nephropathy, oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction induced by advanced age, hyperglycemia and hypertension.


Subject(s)
Cystatin C , Blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Diabetic Neuropathies , Blood , Humans , Incidence , Perception , Physiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Vibration
20.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1433-1436, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484703

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associations of alcohol consumption with the outcome of three-year pre-dia?betes. Methods The objects of this study were selected from the epidemiological study of cancer risk of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Luzhou area. A total of 1 125 cases with pre-diabetes were selected from the base?line survey. Patients divided into four groups including non-alcohol drinking group, small alcohol drinking group, moderate alcohol drinking group, and large alcohol drinking group. Patients also were divided into two groups according to body mass index (BMI, more than 24 kg/m2). The patients were followed up for three years. The incidence rates of diabetes mellitus were compared between different drinking groups and different BMI groups. Results A total of 1 116 cases were completed the follow-up , 9 cases were lost to follow-up. The incidence rates of DM were 18.81%, 8.80%, 16.51%and 26.53%for non-al?cohol drinking group, small alcohol drinking group, moderate alcohol drinking group, and large alcohol drinking group. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that the relative risk ratios and 95%CI of the gender, age, BMI, calorie, base?line blood glucose were 0.49 (0.31-0.79), 1.15 (0.69-1.92) and 1.95 (1.25-3.04) for small alcohol drinking group, moderate alcohol drinking group, and large alcohol drinking group. In the group of BMI<24 kg/m2,the relative risks and 95%CI were 0.40 (0.20-0.80),0.77 (0.30-1.97) and 1.10 (0.46-2.64) for small alcohol drinking group, moderate alcohol drinking group, and large alcohol drinking group. In the group of BMI≥24 kg/m2, the relative risks and 95%CI were 0.62 (0.33-1.66),1.49 (0.80-2.80) and 2.64 (1.55-4.47). Conclusion Small amount of alcohol drinking can reduce the incidence of DM in predia?betes people with BMI<24 kg/m2. Large amount of alcohol drinking is the risk factor of incidence of DM in people with BMI≥24 kg/m2.

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