Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 84
Filter
1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 714-722, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987123

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a scientific and rational post competency model of human organ donation coordinators. Methods Based on the onion model, the index pool was initially constructed by literature research and behavioral event interview. The index system was screened, modified and improved using Delphi method. The weight of indexes at all levels was determined by analytic hierarchy process. Results The effective response rates of two rounds of Delphi expert inquiries were both 100%, indicating that the expert opinions were highly dependable. The experts' judgment coefficient (Ca), familiarity (Cs) and authoritative coefficient (Cr) were all above 0.7, indicating that the experts' opinions were highly reliable. The expert coordination coefficients (W) were 0.294 and 0.342 (both P<0.001), indicating that experts delivered coordinated opinions and yielded slight difference in understanding the importance of indexes. Finally, according to the "onion model" theory and experts' opinions, a set of coordinator's post competency model including 6 first-level and 55 second-level indexes was established, which comprised an index surface layer, a middle layer and a core layer. Among them, the core layer represented core professional values, the middle layer was personal quality and professional ethics and quality, and the surface layer was interpersonal communication capability, organizational cooperation capability and professional knowledge and lifelong learning capability. Conclusions The post competency model of organ donation coordinators established in this study consists of 6 first-level and 55 second-level indexes, which is highly effective and reliable.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 797-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997811

ABSTRACT

Human Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) is an indispensable part of organ donation. In recent years, with rapid development of organ donation in China, united OPO has been established based on China's national conditions and establishment of global OPO. This innovative model serves as favorable supplement and exploration for the development of OPO, promoting the development of organ donation to enter a new stage. However, there are still some shortcomings during the process of development. Efforts should be made to catch up with the development of organ donation, aim at long-term goals, and promote development in a targeted manner. In this article, by analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of united OPO in the development of organ donation, the establishment of a long-term operation mechanism of united OPO was analyzed from policy support, talent training, technology upgrading, quality control, ethical review, financial management and full-course supervision, aiming to provide reference for further development of united OPO in China.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 156-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference in sensitivity between X-ray and three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography (3D-CT) for the diagnosis of distal fibular avulsion fracture, and the radiographic presentation of the ossicle.@*METHODS@#From January to October 2018, 92 patients with distal fibular avulsion fracture were visited for surgical treatment in Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, and 60 cases were finally enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Intraoperative detection was regarded as the gold standard, and the diagnostic sensitivity of preoperative ankle X-ray and 3D-CT for the distal fibular avulsion fractures was statistically determined. The ossicle maximum diameter as well as the degree of its displacement were also measured. On 3D-CT, the distance from the ossicle center point to the anterior fibular tuberosity (a), the distance to the fibular tip (b), and the a/b value was used to present the ossicle displacement.@*RESULTS@#Among the 60 patients, 36 and the 52 patients were correctly detected by X-ray and 3D-CT, respectively, and the sensitivities was 60.0% and 86.7%, respectively (P=0.004). The mean diameter of the ossicle on X-ray and 3D-CT was (9.2±3.9) mm and (10.5±3.2) mm, respectively. The mean distance from the ossicle center to the anterior fibular tuberosity (a) was (17.5±3.6) mm and the mean distance to the fibular tip (b) was (17.4±4.8) mm, with mean a/b values of 1.1±0.7. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for each measurement ranged from 0.891-0.998 with a high degree of consistency.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with X-ray, 3D-CT has higher sensitivity in diagnosing distal fibular avulsion fractures, can help clinicians evaluate ossicle's location and choose surgical methods, and is recommended to be performed in patients with suspected distal fibula avulsion fractures in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Avulsion , Ankle , X-Rays , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Ankle Fractures , Ankle Joint , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 692-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980317

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effect of temperature on the risk of varicella in Lu'an City, Anhui Province, so as to provide insights into varicella prevention and control. @*Methods@#Data on incidence of varicella in Lu'an City from 2010 to 2021 were collected from Chinese Disease Prevention and Control System, and meteorological data in Lu'an City were also collected from National Meteorological Science Data Center and China National Urban Air Quality Real-Time Publishing Platform during the same period. The effect of temperature on the risk of varicella was examined using a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) and subgroup analyses for gender and age were conducted. The effects of extremely low and high temperatures on the cumulative risk of varicella and trends in the cumulative risk of varicella over time were analyzed using a time-varying DLNM. @*Results@# Totally 25 318 varicella cases were reported in Lu'an City from 2010 to 2021, including 15 013 men (59.30%) and 10 305 women (40.70%). The median number of varicella cases was 4 (interquartile range, 6) cases, and the daily median air temperature was 17.50 (interquartile range, 15.80) ℃, with the lowest temperature recorded as -5.80 ℃ and the highest temperatures as 34.90 ℃. The results from the DLNM showed that the extremely low temperatures reduced the risk of varicella (RR=0.522, 95%CI: 0.375-0.728) in relative to median temperature, while extremely high temperature increased the risk of varicella (RR=1.604, 95%CI: 1.112-2.316). Subgroup analysis revealed the effect curve for men was similar to total populations (extremely low temperature: RR=0.497, 95%CI: 0.331-0.746; extremely high temperature: RR=1.978, 95%CI: 1.260-3.106), and the effect of temperature on varicella risk was mainly concentrated among children at ages of 6 to 12 years (extremely low temperature: RR=0.426, 95%CI: 0.247-0.736; extremely high temperature: RR=2.431, 95%CI: 1.378-4.288). The results from the time-varying DLNM revealed that the cumulative risk of varicella due to both extremely low and high temperatures appeared a tendency towards a rise over years (P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#Low temperature may reduce the risk of varicella, while high temperature increases the risk of varicella in Lu'an City, which is more remarkable among men and children at ages of 6 to 12 years. The cumulative risk of varicella at both extremely low and high temperatures shows a tendency towards a rise over years.

5.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 373-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979693

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with spotted fever (SF) and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS). Methods A total of 86 patients with SF and 113 patients with SFTS who were laboratory-confirmed in the second-level and above hospitals in Lu'an City from January 2017 to January 2022 were selected. The basic data, epidemiological history, clinical data and laboratory test results of the two diseases were retrospectively analyzed for comparison. Results The proportion of male in SF group was 32.56% (28/86), and the proportion of male in SFTS group was 53.98% (61/113), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=9.067, P<0.01). The proportions of abdominal pain and diarrhea in the SF group were (3.49%, 3/83) and (21.24%, 24/113), which were significantly lower than corresponding (6.98%, 6/86) and (46.90%, 53/113) in the SFTS group (χ2=13.121, 37.322, P<0.01). The incidences of rash and eschar in SF group were 95.35% (82/86) and 20.93% (18/86), which were significantly higher than corresponding 1.77% (2/113) and 0.88% (1/113) in SFTS group (χ2=175.311, 22.721, P<0.01). The levels of leukocytes, platelets and C-reactive protein in the SF group were significantly higher than those in the SFTS group, and the levels of transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase and D-dimer were significantly lower than those in the SFTS group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions The rash and inflammatory reaction are more obvious in SF patients, while the liver function, myocardial function and coagulation function are significantly impaired in SFTS patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 575-582, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913063

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of inducible costimulatory molecules (ICOS) and related cytokines in the immune regulation of Echinococcus granulosus infections in mice. Methods Eighty BALB/c mice (weight 18–22 g) were divided into the control and infection groups, of 40 animals in each group. E. granulosus infection was modeled in mice by intraperitoneal injection of 10 000 protoscoleces per mouse. Serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and peripheral interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-10 levels were measured 2, 8, 30, 60, 180 days post-infection. Mouse liver specimens were excised for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunostaining, and ICOS expression was quantified in mouse liver specimens using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. Results There were no significant differences in serum ALT (F = 12.082, P < 0.05), AST (F = 6.347, P < 0.05) or ALP levels (F = 52.186, P < 0.05) in mice 2, 8, 30, 60 and 180 days post-infection with E. granulosus. The serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(61.72 ± 9.89) vs. (50.65 ± 4.67)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(80.61 ± 23.71)vs.(67.75 ± 9.79)U/L, P < 0.05], and the serum ALT levels were significantly higher in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(181.06 ± 60.61) vs.(115.58 ± 17.66)U/L, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(137.84 ± 29.01) vs. (108.05 ± 10.33) U/L, P < 0.05], while greater serum ALP levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(162.90 ± 21.04)vs.(64.54 ± 5.99)U/L, P < 0.05], 8[(176.36 ± 24.56) vs. (62.70 ± 9.21)U/L, P < 0.05] and 30 days post-infection [(138.86 ± 13.59) vs. (58.60 ± 5.28) U/L, P < 0.05]. A few inflammatory cells were seen in mouse liver in the infection group 30 days post-infection, and no apparent changes were found in the mouse hepatic structure 60 days post-infection. On day 180 post-infection, a large number of epithelium-like cells presented fibrotic growth in mouse liver in the cyst-infiltrating regions, with cuticula formation seen, and plenty of red cells were present in lesions and hepatocyte space. Positive ICOS expression was detected in mouse liver in the infection group, with ICOS-positive cells predominantly seen in the cytoplasm of the hepatocyte, and the ICOS expression increased over time. The relative ICOS mRNA expression was 2.732 ± 0.094 on day 180 post-infection, which was significantly greater than that on day 2 postinfection (0.746 ± 0.049). There were no significant differences in serum IL-4 or IL-10 levels at different time points after E. granulosus infections, while the serum IL-4 and IL-10 levels peaked in the infection group 180 days and 60 days post-infection, respectively. Higher serum IL-4 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 8 [(22.50 ± 3.24) vs. (5.82 ± 0.49) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(15.49 ± 4.73) vs. (5.10 ± 1.38) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(36.93 ± 6.14) vs. (4.13 ± 1.19) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(198.35 ± 0.70) vs. (4.19 ± 0.98) pg/mL, P < 0.05], and higher IL-10 levels were measured in the infection group than in the control group 2 [(4.84 ± 1.91) vs. (2.11 ± 1.03) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 8 [(44.72 ± 14.63) vs. (3.16 ± 0.60) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 30 [(25.47 ± 8.00) vs. (3.83 ± 1.87) pg/mL, P < 0.05], 60 [(187.16 ± 60.44) vs. (3.69 ± 1.05) pg/mL, P < 0.05] and 180 days post-infection [(85.40 ± 7.15) vs. (3.25 ± 0.93) pg/mL, P < 0.05]. Conclusions High ICOS expression is present in the liver of mice with E. granulosus infections. The positive ICOS expression and immune activation levels increase with the time of E. granulosus infections, leading to aggravation of hepatocyte injury caused by inflammation.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 98-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907039

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the conversion rate, organ procurement rate and influencing factors of organ donation in a single center from Fujian province. Methods Baseline data of 182 potential organ donors of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from November 2018 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The conversion rate of organ donation, baseline data of successful organ donors and the causes of failure of organ donors were identified. The organ procurement rate and the influencing factors of the number of organ donations were analyzed. Results Among 182 potential organ donors, 46 cases were successful organ donors with a conversion rate of 25.3%. In addition, 136 cases failed to donate organ. The main causes included disagreement from family members (58.1%), insufficient evaluation time (24.3%) and ineligible for donation criteria (17.6%). A total of 212 large organs and tissues were donated by 46 organ donors, including 88 kidneys, 42 livers, 15 lungs, 19 hearts and 48 corneas, with 4.6 large organs and tissues, and 3.6 large organs for each donor. Age, sex, native place, organ donation area and blood type were the influencing factors of the number of large organ donations. Organ donation area was the influencing factor of the number of tissue donations. Conclusions The conversion rate of organ donation is relatively low in a single center from Fujian province. Disagreement from family members is the main cause. Suitable potential organ donors should be selected for organ donation to improve the conversion rate and organ procurement rate of organ donation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 873-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of aerobic exercise on cardiac energy metabolism and mitochondrial respiration after myocardial infarction.Methods:Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a heart failure control group and a heart failure exercise group. Myocardial infarction was induced in the heart failure groups using coronary artery ligation. Four weeks after the successful modeling, the heart failure exercise group underwent 8 weeks of aerobic treadmill exercise. The cardiac function and exercise ability of all of the rats were then observed using echocardiography and the incremental treadmill exercise test. Myocardial creatine phosphate (PCr) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the respiratory function of the myocardial mitochondria was evaluated by using cell respirometry.Results:Compared with the sham operation group, the average PCr content, PCr/ATP ratio, oxygen consumption of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes I and II, left ventricular shortening fraction (FS) and ejection fraction (EF), maximum running speed, exhaustion distance and exhaustion time in the incremental treadmill exercise test were all significantly worse in the heart failure control group. Moreover, the average ATP content, complex I oxygen consumption, left ventricular FS and EF, and the maximum running speed, exhaustion distance and exhaustion time in incremental treadmill exercise of the heart failure exercise group were all superior to those of the heart failure control group.However, no significant differences were observed in the average PCr/ATP ratio between the heart failure exercise and control groups.Conclusions:Regular aerobic exercise can improve cardiac performance after chronic heart failure, at least in rats. The mechanism may be related to increased levels of myocardial ATP and better mitochondrial complex I functioning. The PCr/ATP ratio may not be a suitable biomarker for evaluating the benefits of exercise for the heart.

9.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 226-233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out the differentially regulated metabolites by the analysis of serum metabolic fingerprints, and to provide potential biomarkers for diagnosis of lung cancer.Methods:A total of 228 subjects were enrolled in Changhai Hospital from January 27, 2021 to June 4, 2021, including 97 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients and 131 healthy individuals. Serum samples were collected from the enrolled cohort according to a standard procedure, and the enrolled cohort was divided into a training set and a completely independent validation set by stratified random sampling. The metabolic fingerprints of serum samples were collected by previously developed nano-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (nano-LDI MS). After age and gender matching of the training set, a diagnostic model based on serum metabolic fingerprints was established by machine learning algorithm, and the classification performance of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Serum metabolic fingerprint for each sample was obtained in 1 minute using a novel nano-LDI MS, with consumption of only 1 μl original serum sample. For the training set, the area under ROC curve (AUC) of the constructed classifier for diagnosis of lung cancer was 0.92 (95% CI 0.87-0.97), with a sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 89%. For the independent validation set, the AUC reached 0.96 (95% CI 0.90-1.00) with a sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 94%, which showed no significant decrease compared to training set. We also identified a biomarker panel of 5 metabolites, demonstrating a unique metabolic fingerprint of lung cancer patients. Conclusion:Serum metabolic fingerprints and machine learning were combined to establish a diagnostic model, which can be used to distinguish between lung cancer patients and healthy controls. This work sheds lights on the rapid metabolic analysis for clinical application towards in vitro diagnosis.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 743-752, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the existing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for evidence of the efficacy and safety of head acupuncture (HA) plus Schuell's language rehabilitation (SLR) in post-stroke aphasia.@*METHODS@#Seven databases including Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Technology Periodical Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, SinoMed and Wanfang Data Information Site were searched for RCTs published from database inception until November 14, 2021. RCTs that compared HA plus SLR with sham (or blank) control, acupuncture therapy alone, certain language rehabilitation therapy alone or other therapies for post-stroke aphasia were included. Data were extracted and assessed, and the quality of RCTs was evaluated. Fixed-effects model was used, with meta-inflfluence analysis, meta-regression, and regression-based sub-group analyses applied for exploration of heterogeneity. Publication bias was estimated by funnel plots and Egger's tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 32 RCTs with 1,968 patients were included and 51 comparisons were conducted classified as types of strokes and aphasia. (1) For patients with aphasia after ischemic stroke, HA plus PSA showed significantly higher accumulative markedly effective rate [relative risk (RR)=1.55, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19-2.02, I2=0%] and accumulative effective rate (RR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.09-1.36, I2=0%). (2) For patients with comprehensive types of stroke, HA plus PSA was more effective in increasing recovery rate (RR=1.89, 95% CI: 1.39-2.56, I2=0%), accumulative markedly effective rate (RR=1.53, 95% CI: 1.36-1.72, I2=9%) and accumulative effective rate (RR=1.14, 95% CI: 1.09-1.19, I2=34%). (3) For patients with aphasia after stroke, HA plus PSA was superior to PSA alone with statistical significance in increasing recovery rate (RR=2.08, 95% CI: 1.24-3.46, I2=0%), accumulative markedly effective rate (RR=1.49, 95% CI: 1.24-1.78, I2=0%) and accumulative effective rate (RR=1.15, 95% CI: 1.06-1.24, I2=39%). (4) For patients with multiple types of aphasia, HA plus PSA also demonstrated significantly higher recovery rate (RR=1.86, 95% CI: 1.28-2.72, I2=0%), accumulative markedly effective rate (RR=1.55, 95% CI: 1.35-1.78, I2=22%), and accumulative effective rate (RR=1.17, 95% CI: 1.11-1.23, I2=41%). (5) For patients with motor aphasia after ischemic stroke, compared with PSA alone, HA plus PSA showed significantly higher accumulative markedly effective rate (RR=1.38, 95% CI: 1.06-1.79, I2=0%) and accumulative effective rate (RR=1.20, 95% CI: 1.05-1.37, I2=0%). Meta-regression analyses were performed without significant difference, and publication bias was found in some comparisons.@*CONCLUSION@#HA plus SLR was significantly associated with better language ability and higher effective rate for patients with post-stroke aphasia, and HA should be operated cautiously especially during acupuncture at eye and neck. (Registration No. CRD42020154475).


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Aphasia/rehabilitation , Ischemic Stroke , Language , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Stroke/therapy
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2811-2820, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941510

ABSTRACT

Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole/time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS/MS) has been used to detect the metabolites of schaftoside in plasma, bile, urine and feces of mice after oral administration. The study was approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee from Xuzhou Medical University (No. XZMULL201612024). Compounds were identified by analyzing their high-resolution mass spectrometry data, mass spectra, and comparison with reference substances and the literatures. The parent compound and 29 metabolites were detected in the plasma, bile, urine and feces samples of mice. The main metabolic pathways of schaftoside in mice include deglycosylation/glycosylation, hydroxylation/dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, acetylation, sulfation, and glucuronidation. This study provides references for the material basis of schaftoside in vivo.

12.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 914-920, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912496

ABSTRACT

Objective:We aimed to explore a colorectal cancer risk prediction model through machine learning algorithm based on the big data in laboratory medicine.Methods:According to the labeling of colonoscopy combined with pathology or referring to the ICD-10 code, the colonoscopy patients in Shanghai Changhai Hospital from 2013.1.1 to 2019.6.30 and the outpatients and inpatients from 2010.1.1 to 2019.6.30 were divided into colorectal cancer groups and non-colorectal cancer group. Four machine learning algorithms, Extreme gradient boosting(Xgboost),Artificial Neural Network(ANN),Support Vector Machine(SVM),Random Forest(RF), are used to mine all routine laboratory test item data of the enrolled patients, select model features and establish a classification model for colorectal cancer. And the effectiveness of the model was prospectively verified in patients in the whole hospital of Changhai Hospital from 2019.7.1 to 2020.8.31.Result:A colorectal cancer risk prediction model (CRC-Lab7) including 7 characteristics of fecal occult blood, carcinoembryonic antigen, red blood cell distribution width, lymphocyte count, albumin/globulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hepatitis B virus core antibody was constructed by the XgBoost algorithm. The AUC of the model in the validation set and prospective validation set were 0.799 and 0.816, respectively, which was significantly higher than that of fecal occult blood (AUC was 0.68 and 0.706, respectively). It also has high diagnostic accuracy for colorectal cancer with negative fecal occult blood or under 50 years old.Conclusion:In this study, a colorectal cancer risk prediction model was established by mining routine laboratory big data. The model′s performance is better than fecal occult blood, and it has high diagnostic accuracy for colorectal cancer in patients with negative fecal occult blood and younger than 50 years old.

13.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 526-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfected with recombinant rat platelet-derived growth factor BB (rrPDGF-BB) gene on the distraction osteogenesis.Methods:From October, 2019 to June, 2020, 48 batches of BMSCs were cultured from 48 young SD rats, 24 of which were transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene by lentivirus. Meanwhile, other 72 male adult SD rats were randomly selected to establish the right femoral distraction osteogenesis model. The rats were equally divided into 3 groups. PBS, BMSCs without intervention and BMSCs transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene were injected into the distraction space of each group of rats assigned as Blank group, Negative group and Experimental group, respectively. Results of the experiment were evaluated by means of imaging and immunohistochemistry. P<0.05 indicated a statistically significant difference. Results:The cultured BMSCs grew well. The expression of CD34(0.1%) and CD45(2.8%) in the third generation of BMSCs was low, and that of CD29 (95.1%) was high, which was consistent with the phenotype of BMSCs described in literatures. After transfection, the expression of green fluorescence gradually increased with the extension of transfection time, confirming the success of transfection. After 14 days, all rats reached the expected distance of distraction. The rats were observed at assigned time points in 2, 4 and 8 weeks. The photos of femur specimen showed that continuous callus could be seen in the experimental group, the hardness and colour were close to the normal bone tissue, and the activity of the distraction space was poor, which was lower than that of the blank group. X-ray examination showed that there were more new callus in the experimental group, and the bone marrow cavity was re-canalized earlier than that of the blank group; Micro-CT examination, in sagittal plane, showed that the distraction space of the experimental group healed well, the broken end was connected, and the recanalization of bone marrow cavity was earlier than that of the blank group; Micro-CT parameters of each group showed that trabecular thickness[(0.297±0.005) mm], trabecular number [(1.663±0.032) mm], bone volume fraction[(59.832±2.187)%] and bone mineral density[(0.586±0.014) g/cm 3] of the experimental group were the greatest, while trabecular separation[(0.399±0.051) mm] of the experimental group was the smallest. There was statistical difference between each group( P < 0.05); HE staining and VEGF immunohistochemistry showed that the vessels and chondrocytes formed earlier and were more in the experimental group than that in the blank group. In 8 weeks, the new callus joined into one piece under the microscope in the experimental group, and the bone marrow cavity was re-canalized with a large number of red blood cells. Conclusion:Studies have shown that BMSCs transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene can promote the formation of callus in the distraction area of rats, shorten the mineralisation time of new callus, and promote the maturation of new bone in the area of distraction osteogenesis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 1081-1086, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906693

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探索南蛇藤提取物齐墩果烷型五环三萜(28-hydroxy-3-oxoolean-12-en-2-oic acid)协同miR-451对人胃癌AGS细胞增殖、迁移的影响及其可能的分子机制。方法:用miR-451过表达慢病毒感染AGS细胞,并用盐酸多西环素(DOX)10或100 ng/ml诱导24 h,构建过表达miR-451的细胞AGS/miR-451+。采用10、20、40、80、160 μmol/L的齐墩果烷型五环三萜处理AGS/miR-451+细胞,MTT法、划痕实验分别检测细胞增殖和迁移能力的变化,WB法检测细胞中mTOR通路及凋亡相关蛋白表达水平的变化。结果:成功构建过表达miR-451的AGS/miR-451+细胞。与未加药对照组相比,齐墩果烷型五环三萜处理后AGS/miR-451+细胞的增殖抑制率均呈时间和浓度依赖性升高(P<0.05或P<0.01),细胞迁移率均显著降低(P<0.05或P<0.01)。齐墩果烷型五环三萜处理组细胞中,mTOR 信号通路相关蛋白的表达量均有所降低(P<0.05或P<0.01);凋亡相关蛋白中,Bcl2的表达量下降,BAX、caspase-3、caspase-1及细胞色素c的表达量升高(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论:齐墩果烷型五环三萜能够协同miR-451抑制人胃癌AGS细胞的增殖与迁移,其机制可能与影响凋亡和mTOR信号通路相关蛋白的表达有关。

15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 279-285, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze characteristics and related factors of the plantar pressure during the level walking and single leg standing in the chronic ankle instability (CAI) individuals.@*METHODS@#From April 2019, 75 CAI individuals and 40 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. Both of the static and dynamic plantar pressure were measured during six times level walking and three times single leg standing testing. The data including peak force, time to peak force in various foot contact areas and the time to boundary (TTB) and velocity of center of pressure (COP) were measured and compared between the affected side and the unaffected side and between the CAI cases and the healthy individuals. The correlations between the plantar pressure and the gender, Beighton score, affected side and body mass index (BMI) were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The characteristics of plantar pressure distribution in the CAI individuals included: (1) During the level walking, the affected side showed the similar pressure contribution as the unaffected side (P>0.05). While compared with healthy individuals, there was a significantly higher peak force in the 5th metatarsal area (t=-3.86, P=0.03) of the affected side, lower peak force in the 1st (t=2.99, P=0.02), 2nd metatarsal head areas (t=2.09, P=0.01) of the affected side, medial hindfoot areas of both sides (affected, t=2.33, P=0.01; unaffected, t=3.74, P=0.02) and toes areass of both sides (affected, t=2.23, P=0.01; unaffected, t=3.28, P=0.02) and a delay to peak force in the 4th metatarsal head area (t=3.33, P=0.01) of the affected side. (2) During the single leg standing, the CAI individuals showed significantly worse balance control in the anterior/posterior direction (P < 0.05) and lateral/medial direction (P < 0.05) compared with the healthy controls, and the affected side had more severe balance control deficit in the lateral/medial direction (P < 0.05). (3) The women (P < 0.05) and the individuals with higher Beighton scores (P < 0.05) showed worse balance control deficit in the lateral/medial direction.@*CONCLUSION@#CAI individuals showed significantly a more lateral shifted plantar distribution during the level walking compared with the healthy individuals and the tendency was worse on the affected sides, and showed worse balance control in the anterior/posterior direction and lateral/medial direction during the single leg standing. The women and those with generalized ligament laxity showed significantly worse balance control.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Case-Control Studies , Foot , Joint Instability
16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 421-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) and related inflammatory factors in the serum of patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A case control study was conducted. The patients with AECOPD admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from November 2016 to January 2020 were enrolled. The patients were divided into mild group [forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio (FEV1/FVC) < 0.70, FEV1 percentage in predicted value (FEV1%) ≥ 80%], moderate group (FEV1/FVC < 0.70, 50% ≤ FEV1% < 80%), and severe group (FEV1/FVC < 0.70, 30% ≤ FEV1% < 50%) based on their lung function test results, with 20 patients in each group, and 20 patients with normal pulmonary function who underwent elective non-thoracic surgery such as gastrointestinal surgery and orthopedics surgery in the same period were selected as controls. The demographic data, FEV1/FVC, FEV1%, FVC, maximum mid-expiratory flow percentage in predicted value (MMEF%), 6-minute walking test (6MWT), and St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score were recorded respectively. Serum levels of FGF7, interleukins (IL-6, IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between TNF-α and lung function.Results:Compared with the normal pulmonary function group, the levels of FEV1/FVC, FEV1%, MMEF% and 6MWT in the mild, moderate and severe groups were significantly decreased, and the SGRQ scores were increased, the indicators continued to deteriorate with the aggravation of the disease, the statistical differences were found between severe group and normal pulmonary function group [FEV1/FVC: 0.39±0.09 vs. 0.81±0.04, FEV1%: (38.80±6.28)% vs. (109.58±13.80)%, MMEF%: (0.34±0.14)% vs. (2.69±0.99)%, 6MWT (m): 279.00±41.61 vs. 402.85±53.97, SGRQ scores: 34.95±6.71 vs. 2.60±2.06, all P < 0.05]. Compared with the normal pulmonary function group, the levels of FGF7 in the mild, moderate and severe groups were significantly lowered (ng/L: 6.31±2.65, 6.10±1.39, 6.64±1.77 vs. 8.29±3.51, all P < 0.05), but no significant difference was found among the mild, moderate and severe groups (all P > 0.05). Compared with the normal pulmonary function group, IL-6 and TNF-α levels were significantly increased in the mild, moderate and severe groups, and TNF-α increased with the aggravation of the disease, the statistical difference was found between severe group and normal pulmonary function group (ng/L: 7.42±2.28 vs. 3.83±0.92, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in IL-1β level between the normal pulmonary function group and the mild, moderate, severe groups. Correlation analysis showed that TNF-α was negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC and FEV1% ( r values were -0.350 and -0.527, respectively, both P < 0.01). Conclusion:In AECOPD patients, serum FGF7 was decreased, while IL-6 and TNF-α were increased; however, with the aggravation of the disease, there was no significant change in the level of FGF7 in the peripheral blood, but the TNF-α level might be increased, accompanied by severe damage of small airway function.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 707-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904554

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status of job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators in Fujian province during the normalization period of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) epidemic prevention and control and put forward corresponding suggestions. Methods The job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators in Fujian province was investigated by online questionnaires. The correlation analysis of all dimensions of the overall job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators was carried out, and the influencing factors of the overall job satisfaction were analyzed. Results The overall job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators was (2.9±0.8), which was a relatively low score. The job promotion satisfaction was (4.7±1.3), (2.0±1.4) for the job pay and benefits satisfaction, and (2.0±1.3) for the job communication satisfaction. The job pay and benefits satisfaction was positively correlated with job communication satisfaction (r=0.653, P < 0.05). Multiple factors differed in job satisFfaction. The overall job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators was associated with gender, nature of job, working years, average monthly income, age, educational background and nature of post. Conclusions The job satisfaction of human organ donation coordinators is relatively low in Fujian province during the normalization period of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control. Flexible and diverse methods should be employed from the government and hospital levels to further improve security policies for human organ donation coordinators.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2617-2622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879168

ABSTRACT

The origins of 9 species of the Chinese medicinal materials in the 2015 edition of the Chinese pharmacopoeia(ChP) has revised in the 2020 edition of ChP. The revision is based on the investigation and textual research on the problems found after screening the original plants, animals or minerals of all the Chinese medicinal materials in the 2015 edition. Among them the Chinese names of Alismatis Rhizoma, Cassiae Semen, Coicis Semen, Corydalis Bungeanae Herba and Echinopsis Radix all do not match to the Latin scientific names, and also do not match the name of the actual medicinal origins. In addition, Alismatis Rhizoma has the omission of original plant. There is confusion about the Chinese name and the family name of the original insect of Cera Chinensis. The original mineral of Gypsum Fibrosum has the wrong group names. Alumstone and melanterite, the original mineral of Alumen and Melanteritum respectively, of which the group names are missing. To solve these problems, field survey and literature research were conducted on the medicinal materials and their origins. The source of these problems are explored. The correct origins and the Chinese names or Latin names are all determined according to the research results to the situation, in which the Chinese and Latin names of the original plants of the medicinal materials do not match. The correct family name and group name are obtained through textual research by taxonomy if the names are confused or mis-sing. The scientific evidence and correct results of revision in the 2020 edition of ChP are determined at last.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Coix , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 139-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878922

ABSTRACT

Polygonum multiflorum is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine and has many biological activities such as hair-blacking, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-inflammatory and anti-aging. However, the liver injury induced by P. multiflorum has aroused wide attention in recent years. 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystibane-2-O-β-D-glucoside(TSG) is a main component of P. multiflorum, but the role of TSG in inducing liver injury is unclear. The aim of present study was to evaluate TSG's potential liver injury and effects on bile acid homeostasis and phospholipids efflux. C57 BL/6 J mice received intraperitoneal administration of 400 mg·kg~(-1) of TSG daily for 15 days, and then biochemical indexes of liver injury and changes of phospholipid content were detected. The changes of bile acid compositions were detected by LC-MS/MS. The results showed TSG 400 mg·kg~(-1) significantly increased the content of serum total bile acid(TBA) and alkaline phosphatase(ALP). Elevated free bile acid levels were observed in TSG-treated groups, including β-muricholic acid(β-MCA), ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), hyodeoxycholic acid(HDCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA), deoxcholic acid(DCA) in serum and β-MCA, CDCA in liver. TSG inhibited the protein expression of farnesoid X receptor(FXR) and down stream bile salt export pump(BSEP), which may result in the accumulation of bile acid. TSG also inhibited the expression of 25-hydroxycholesterol-7 alpha-hydroxylase(CYP7 B1), which may disturb the alternative pathway for bile acid synthesis. In addition, intraperitoneal injection of TSG 400 mg·kg~(-1) significantly decreased the content of phospholipids in bile. The research showed that TSG significantly inhibited the expression of multidrug resistance protein 2(MDR2) and destroyed the regular distribution of MDR2 on the bile duct membrane of liver. In vitro results showed that the IC_(50) of TSG on HepG2 cells was about 1 500 μmol·L~(-1) and TSG at 500 μmol·L~(-1)(for 24 h) could destroy the distribution of MDR2 on the bile duct membrane of liver. In conclusion, TSG induced liver injury by disrupting bile acid homeostasis and phospholipids efflux.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, Liquid , Glucosides , Homeostasis , Liver , Phospholipids , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 598-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few studies on whether the occurrence of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ADIH) is associated with the polymorphism of CYP2E gene and methylation level. This study aims to CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and the relationship between the methylation level of the promoter region and ADIH in Mongolian tuberculosis (TB) patients.Methods A total of 135 Mongolian TB patients who received standardized treatment at the Tuberculosis Research Institute of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia from November 2015 to June 2018 were selected. According to the ADIH criteria, TB patients with liver injury were selected as the ADIH group (n=45), and TB patients without liver injury were matched as the control group based on a ratio of 1∶2 (n=90). DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to amplify the CYP2E1 gene to determine the CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, and to analyze the CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and relationship between ADIH and promoter methylation level.Results There were no significant differences in the distribution of CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, C1 and C2 gene frequencies between the ADIH group and the control group (P>0.05). The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene in ADIH group (0.711±0.085) was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.759±0.062). Results of Logistic regression showed that the overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was the influencing factor for the occurrence of ADIH (P<0.005). For each 0.1 unit increase of methylation level, the risk of ADIH occurrence reduced by 0.388 times, and the OR (95% CI) value was 0.388 (between 0.204 and 0.739).Conclusion The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was reduced in Mongolian ADIH patients, but the polymorphism of CYP2E1 gene was not related to the occurrence of ADIH. These results suggested that CYP2E1 methylation could be applied to the prevention and treatment of ADIH in patients with tuberculosis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL