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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 10-17, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of manual acupuncture on endometrial blood flow parameters by three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound in women undergoing in vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET).@*METHODS@#Seventy patients undergoing IVF-ET were equally randomized into traditional or sham acupuncture treatment group for totally 4 days (from the day of oocyte aspiration to the day of embryo transfer) of treatment by random envelope method at the Reproductive Medicine Center and Outpatient Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medicine College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2013 to December 2015. Patients in the traditional acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with manual acupuncture, and Zhongji (CV3), Qihai (CV 6), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Taichong (LR 3), Tianshu (ST 25), Guilai (ST 29) and Zusanli (ST 36) were chosen. Patients at the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods at 4 non-meridian points at each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included endometrial ultrasonic indices such as vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI) and vascularization flow index (VFI), endometrial thickness and volume, subendometrial VI (sVI), subendometrial FI (sFI), subendometrial VFI (sVFI), implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and number of live births.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 34 patients in the traditional acupuncture group and 35 in the sham acupuncture group completed this trial. VI, FI and VFI of the traditional acupuncture group were significantly higher than those in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, sVI, sFI, sVFI, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and number of live births (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Manual acupuncture performed after oocyte aspiration and before transplantation improved the endometrial blood flow parameters VI, RI and VFI in women who underwent IVF-ET, instead of sVI, sFI and sVFI. Therefore, acupuncture might be beneficial in women undergoing IVF-ET by increasing endometrial blood flow and endometrial receptivity. (Registration No. ChiCTR2100053354).


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Single-Blind Method , Embryo Transfer , Pregnancy Rate , Acupuncture Therapy , Endometrium/blood supply
2.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 447-459, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) have emerged as promising therapy for immune and inflammatory diseases. However, how to maintain the activity and unique properties during cold storage and transportation is one of the key factors affecting the therapeutic efficiency of hUCMSCs. Schisandrin B (SchB) has many functions in cell protection as a natural medicine. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of SchB on the hypothermic preservation of hUCMSCs. @*METHODS@#hUCMSCs were isolated from Wharton’s jelly. Subsequently, hUCMSCs were exposed to cold storage (4 °C) and 24-h re-warming. After that, cells viability, surface markers, immunomodulatory effects, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial integrity, apoptosis-related and antioxidant proteins expression level were evaluated. @*RESULTS@#SchB significantly alleviated the cells injury and maintained unique properties such as differentiation potential, level of surface markers and immunomodulatory effects of hUCMSCs. The protective effects of SchB on hUCMSCs after hypothermic storage seemed associated with its inhibition of apoptosis and the anti-oxidative stress effect mediated by nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 signaling. @*CONCLUSION@#These results demonstrate SchB could be used as an agent for hypothermic preservation of hUCMSCs.

3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 617-648, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010818

ABSTRACT

The tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) is broadly composed of various immune cells, and its heterogeneity is characterized by both immune cells and stromal cells. During the course of tumor formation and progression and anti-tumor treatment, the composition of the TIME becomes heterogeneous. Such immunological heterogeneity is not only present between populations but also exists on temporal and spatial scales. Owing to the existence of TIME, clinical outcomes can differ when a similar treatment strategy is provided to patients. Therefore, a comprehensive assessment of TIME heterogeneity is essential for developing precise and effective therapies. Facilitated by advanced technologies, it is possible to understand the complexity and diversity of the TIME and its influence on therapy responses. In this review, we discuss the potential reasons for TIME heterogeneity and the current approaches used to explore it. We also summarize clinical intervention strategies based on associated mechanisms or targets to control immunological heterogeneity.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2241-2248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981355

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the correlation between traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and reduced risk of readmission in patients having rheumatoid arthritis with hypoproteinemia(RA-H). A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 2 437 rheumatoid arthritis patients in the information system database of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine from 2014 to 2021, and 476 of them were found to have hypoproteinemia. The patients were divided into TCM users and non-TCM users by propensity score matching. Exposure was defined as the use of oral Chinese patent medicine or herbal decoction for ≥1 month. Cox regression analysis was performed to explore the risk factors of clinical indicators of rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, the use of TCM during hospitalization was analyzed, and analysis of association rules was conducted to investigate the correlation between TCM, improvement of indicators and readmission of patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was plotted to compare the readmission rate of TCM users and non-TCM users. It was found the readmission rate of RA-H patients was significantly higher than that of RA patients. By propensity score matching, 232 RA-H patients were divided into TCM group(116 cases) and non-TCM group(116 cases). Compared with the conditions in the non-TCM group, the readmission rate of the TCM group was lowered(P<0.01), and the readmission rate of middle-aged and elderly patients was higher than that of young patients(P<0.01). Old age was a risk factor for readmission of RA-H patients, while TCM, albumin(ALB) and total protein(TP) were the protective factors. During hospitalization, the TCMs used for RA-H patients were mainly divided into types of activating blood and resolving stasis, relaxing sinew and dredging collaterals, clearing heat and detoxifying, and invigorating spleen and resolving dampness. The improvement of rheumatoid factor(RF), immunoglobulin G(IgG), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C-reactive protein(CRP) and ALB was closely related to TCM. On the basis of western medicine treatment, the application of TCM could reduce the readmission rate of RA-H patients, and longer use of TCM indicated lower readmission rate.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Patient Readmission , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Hypoproteinemia/drug therapy
5.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 583-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973651

ABSTRACT

Background Lead and manganese are heavy metal pollutants widely existing in the environment, which can accumulate in the human body through the food chain, exert neurotoxicity, and cause neurodegenerative disorders. Especially in early childhood, the developing blood-brain barrier and nervous system are highly susceptible to environmental chemical pollutants. Most of the previous studies focused on the toxic effects of single heavy metal such as lead or manganese, while the studies on combined toxic effect are still scarce, and involved mechanisms are still unclear. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is involved in neuronal development and regeneration, and some studies have found that JNK is involved in lead or manganese induced neurotoxicity. Its role in the toxicity of combined lead and manganese is unknown. Objective To understand the neurodevelopmental toxicity mechanism and to observe changes of JNK expression in zebrafish induced by combined lead and manganese exposure at environmentlly low concentrations. Methods Zebrafish embryos within 2 h post fertilization (hpf) were divided into four groups: control group, lead exposure group (0.1 mg·L−1 lead acetate), manganese exposure group (0.3 mg·L−1 manganous chloride), and lead-manganese combined exposure group (0.1 mg·L−1 lead acetate +0.3 mg·L−1 manganous chloride) and exposed to lead or/and manganese at designed levels for 7 d. Spontaneous movements and motor locomotion were observed, and mortality rate were calculated. The changes of JNK mRNA expression in zebrafish were evaluated. Results The experimental results showed that no significant effect of lead or/and manganese on spontaneous movements and mortality rate was found in zebrafish compared with the control group (P>0.05). The results of locomotion analysis showed that compared with the control group, the activity counts and activity distance of zebrafish in the manganese exposure group were slightly increased (P<0.01); the activity counts and activity distance of zebrafish in the lead exposure group were reduced by 50% and those in the lead-manganese exposure group were reduced by 80% (P<0.01). Compared with the lead exposure group, the activity counts and activity distance of zebrafish in the lead-manganese combined exposure group decreased significantly by 60% (P<0.05). The real-time quantitative PCR results showed that the JNK mRNA expression level was significantly increased in the lead-manganese combined exposure group compared with the control group(P<0.01). Conclusion Lead exposure combined with manganese exposure at environmentlly low concentration can induce neurodevelopmental toxicity to zebrafish. JNK may be involved in neurodevelopmental toxicity induced by the combined exposure to lead and manganese.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 608-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986178

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of entecavir combined with Biejiajian pills and its influence on TCM syndrome scores during the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome by prospective, randomized and controlled study. Methods: Patients with chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome were selected as the research subjects and randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group. Entecavir plus Biejiajian pills or entecavir plus a simulant of Biejiajian pills were given for 48 weeks. The changes in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and TCM syndrome scores before and after treatment were compared between the two groups to analyze the correlation. The data between groups were analyzed by t-test/Wilcoxon rank sum test or χ(2) test. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. Results: After 48 weeks of treatment, the LSM values of the two groups were significantly lower than those of the baseline (P < 0.001), liver fibrosis was significantly improved, and the LSM values of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group [(8.67 ± 4.60) kPa and (10.13 ± 4.43) kPa, t = -2.011, P = 0.049]. After 48 weeks of treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of the two groups were significantly reduced compared with the baseline (P < 0.001), and the clinical symptoms were significantly relieved, and the total effective rates of the improvement of the TCM syndrome scores in the two groups were 74.19% and 72.97%, respectively, but the differences between the groups were not statistically significant (χ(2) = 0.013, P = 0.910). Correlation analysis showed that there was no obvious trend between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. There were no serious adverse reactions associated with the drug during the observation period of this study. Conclusion: Based on antiviral treatment with entecavir, regardless of whether it is combined with the Biejiajian pill, it can effectively reduce the LSM value, improve liver fibrosis, reduce TCM syndrome scores, and alleviate symptoms in patients with chronic hepatitis B with liver fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome. Compared with entecavir alone, the combined Biejia pill has greater efficacy in improving liver fibrosis and a favorable safety profile, meriting its implementation and widespread application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 389-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994990

ABSTRACT

Here we report the diagnosis and treatment of a rare IgG4-related kidney disease with nephrotic syndrome as the first manifestation. A 62-year-old male patient, presented with edema in both lower limbs and foam urine, had a history of "lung malignant tumor with brain and lymph node metastasis". The increase of IgG4 and decrease of glomerular filtration rate were detected at admission, and the pathological consideration of renal biopsy was membranous nephropathy with IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis. After the combination of low-dose glucocorticoids therapy and rituximab treatment, the patient showed good prognosis in a 9 month follow-up.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 378-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994987

ABSTRACT

Patients who initiated peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2013 were enrolled in the single center and retrospective study. Clinical and laboratory data were collected to analyze the long-term survival rates, technique survival rates and associated influencing factors. Patients were followed up until December 31, 2021 or endpoints occurred (death or stopping PD treatment). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to estimate survival rates and technique survival rates. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of death and technique failure in PD patients. A total of 373 patients were enrolled in the study, with age of (52.1±15.8) years old and 199 (53.4%) males. During the follow-up, 154 (41.3%) patients died, 72 (19.3%) patients transferred to hemodialysis, and 40 (10.7%) patients received kidney transplant. Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that overall survival rates of PD patients at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 years were 92.2%, 76.6%, 66.0%, 52.4% and 38.6%, respectively. Technique survival rates were 93.5%, 84.8%, 74.2%, 62.8% and 44.5% at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 years, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression model results showed that age ( HR=1.055, 95% CI 1.039-1.073, P<0.001), transfer from hemodialysis ( HR=2.212, 95% CI 1.514-3.231, P<0.001), episodes of peritonitis ( HR=2.141, 95% CI 1.194-3.837, P=0.011), Charlson comorbidity index ( HR=1.525, 95% CI 1.305-1.783, P<0.001), and baseline albumin ( HR=0.951, 95% CI 0.925-0.978, P<0.001) were independent influencing factors of survival in PD patients. Episodes of peritonitis ( HR=2.327, 95% CI 1.274-4.250, P=0.006) and Charlson comorbidity index ( HR=1.244, 95% CI 1.035-1.496, P=0.020) were independent influencing factors of technique survival in PD patients. PD patients have good early survival rates and technical survival rates, but long-term outcomes need to be further improved. Peritonitis is a major risk factor for low long-term survival rates and technical survival rates in PD patients.

9.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 53-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998522

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the risk of disease of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in aquatic products of raw food animals for population in guangzhou,and determine risk management points. Methods VP quantitative detection was carried out in aquatic products of raw food animals sold in Guangzhou from 2009 to 2022.sQMRA was applied to assess Vibrio parahaemolyticus risk of aquatic products of raw food animals. According to stratified analysis based on the pollution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and evaluation results,carry out risk management and analysis. Results Among the 98 samples were detected positive of VP from 1 343 samples from 2009 to 2022 , with an overall positive rate of 7.30%.The number of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection cases caused by eating aquatic products of raw food animals in Guangzhou was 3012. If the proportion of raw food is reduced , the number of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection cases will be significantly reduced. The number of cases caused by eating raw fash will be reduced from 2128 to 217.The detection rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw fresh water products was much higher than that in marine products. The probability of infection in the population was higher. The number of cases caused by eating raw fash was the highest.The detection rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was higher in raw crustaceans and molluscs. The incidence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection cases caused by eating raw fash in the four quarters varied from high to low as such sequence ,4.93×10-5 in the three quarters , 2.53×10-5 in the second quarter , 2.40×10-5 in the first quarter ,1.77×10-5 in the fourth quarter . Conclusion The risk of disease of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in aquatic products of raw food animals was higher. The public health education should be done well. Aquatic products should be cooked thoroughly before eating . Reduce the intake of raw aquatic products and avoid cross contamination. Focus on the risks of summer and autumn seasons and seafood such as crustaceans and molluscs. Concentrate on scientific research on Vibrio parahaemolyticus pollution of fresh water products.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 518-523, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinicopathological features of thyroid micropapillary carcinoma and the risk factors of cervical lymph node metastasis.Methods:Two hundred and ninty-eight thyroid micropapillary carcinoma patients diagnosed by postoperative pathology at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from Sep 2018 to Jun 2021 were retrospectively divided into metastasis group and non metastasis group according to whether there were cervical lymph node metastasis. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of cervical lymph node metastasis in thyroid micropapillary carcinoma.Results:The cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 41.3%. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in patient's height, maximum tumor diameter, calcification, capsule infiltration and Hashimoto thyroiditis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that height ≥ 160.5cm, maximum tumor diameter ≥5.5 mm, capsule infiltration and Hashimoto thyroiditis were independent risk factors for cervical lymph node metastasis. Conclusion:Cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with thyroid micropapillary carcinoma is related to the maximum diameter, height, capsule infiltration and Hashimoto thyroiditis.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 810-813, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the perioperative rehabilitation of children undergoing lingual frenoplasty under dexmedetomidine nasal drip combined with esketamine anesthesia.Methods:100 children who underwent lingual frenoplasty in Changsha Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2020 to 2021 were randomly divided into two groups: the esketamine group (E group, 50 cases) and the dexmedetomidine nasal drip combined with esketamine group (DE group, 50 cases). The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) , blood oxygen saturation (SpO 2) and respiratory rate (RR) were measured, and the patients were admitted to the post anesthesia recovery unit (PACU) after operation. The modified Aldrete score, Visual Analogue Score (VAS), Wake-up Restlessness Score, food intake (clear water) time and hospital leaving time were observed at 10 min, 30 min, 60 min and 120 min after operation. Results:There was no significant difference in SpO 2 and RR, MAP and HR at T 0 and T 6 between the two groups (all P>0.05). The MAP and HR at T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4 and T 5 in DE group were lower than those in E group (all P<0.05). The modified Aldrete score of DE group was higher than that of E group, and the VAS and Wake-up Restlessness Score were lower than that of E group (all P<0.05); The time of food intake (clear water) and leaving hospital were shorter than those in Group E, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). Conclusions:In children′s lingual frenoplasty, dexmedetomidine nasal drip combined with esmketamine can more effectively relieve postoperative pain and agitation than esmketamine alone, shorten children′s postoperative eating time, leave the hospital earlier, and enhance recovery of children.

12.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 133-140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960382

ABSTRACT

Background Chronic low-level exposure to lead can damage the central nervous system and cause anxiety-like behavior. However, whether changes of blood metabolites occur in this process and its relationship with lead-induced neurobehavioral disorder remain unclear. Objective To explore the effects of chronic lead acetate (PbAc) exposure at different concentrations on anxiety-like behavior and serum metabolites and their relationships in mice, as well as the mechanism of lead exposure on neurobehavioral injury in mice from the perspective of metabolomics. Methods A total of 64 healthy 4-week-old C57BL/6J mice, half male and half female, were randomly divided into four groups: control group (normal drinking water), 20 mg·L−1 PbAc group, 100 mg·L−1 PbAc group, and 500 mg·L−1 PbAc group. After 10 weeks of free drinking of water containing designed concentrations of PbAc, the mice were tested for anxiety-like behavioral changes by open field experiment. After the mice were anesthetized, blood was collected from the eyes, the serum was separated, and the effects of designed doses of lead exposure on metabolites in the serum of mice were compared by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry combined with principal component analysis and partial least squares discrimination analysis. Results The results of the open field experiment showed that the reductions in movement time spent in central area in the 100 mg·L−1 and 500 mg·L−1 PbAc groups compared with the control group were of statistical significance (P<0.05); the reduction in crossing times of central region in the 500 mg·L−1 PbAc group was statistically significant compared with the control group (P<0.05); the increases in defecation frequency in the 100 mg·L−1 and 500 mg·L−1 PbAc groups were statistically significant compared to the control group (P<0.05). In both positive and negative ion modes, compared with the control group, 157 differential metabolites were screened out in the 20 mg·L−1 PbAc group, of which 80 were up-regulated and 77 were down-regulated; 172 differential metabolites were screened out in the 100 mg·L−1 PbAc group, of which 57 were up-regulated and 115 were down-regulated; 119 differential metabolites were screened out in the 500 mg·L−1 PbAc group, of which 42 were up-regulated and 77 were down-regulated. The results of the KEGG enrichment analysis on the differential metabolites revealed alterations in metabolic pathways mainly involving primary bile acid biosynthesis, bile secretion, and cholesterol metabolism. Among the differential metabolites, norethisterone was positively correlated with the number of central region crossings (r=0.406, P<0.05); dihydrothymine was negatively correlated with the number of central region crossings (r=−0.346, P<0.05); lysophosphatidylcholine 22∶1 and lysophospholipid 14∶0 were negatively correlated with time spent in central region (r=−0.429, P<0.05; r=−0.374, P<0.05). Conclusion Chronic lead exposure induces anxiety-like behavior in mice, and this altered behavior is associated with altered metabolites in serum, with differential metabolites enriched primarily in the metabolic pathways of primary bile acid biosynthesis, bile acid secretion, and cholesterol metabolism.

13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 83-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935751

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of lead exposure on the neurobehavior and gut microbiota community structure in mice. Methods: In August 2019, 64 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (0 ppm) , low lead exposure group (20 mg/l) , medium lead exposure group (100 mg/l) and high lead exposure group (500 mg/l) . During the experiment, they were free to eat and drink. The drinking water of the lead exposure group was mixed with lead acetate, and sodium acetate was added in the control group. After 10 weeks of exposure, the Morris water maze was used to test the learning and memory ability of each group of mice, and then they were sacrificed for sampling. ICP-MS was used to detect lead content in whole blood and brain tissue. ELISA was used to determine the level of IL-1β in mouse serum. 16S rRNA sequencing was used to detect the structural diversity of the intestinal flora in feces, and then the correlation between the flora and behavior indicators was analyzed. Results: In the Morris water maze experiment, compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the body weight and swimming speed of the mice in the lead exposure groups. The escape latency of the mice in the 100 mg/l and 500 mg/l dose groups was prolonged, and the number of platform crossings decreased (P<0.05) ; meanwhile, the staying time of the mice in the 500 mg/l Pb-treated group in the target quadrant was lower than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the blood lead content of the mice in each lead exposure group was significantly increased, and the brain lead content of mice in the 500 mg/l dose group was significantly elevated (P<0.05) . The serum IL-1β levels of mice in each lead exposure group were higher than those of the control group (P<0.05) . At the phylum level, the relative abundance of the Proteobacteria phylum in all of Pb-treated groups was significantly increased (P<0.05) ; at the genus level, Allobaculum, Desulfovibrio, Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Turicibacter and Ureaplasma were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Among them. The relative abundance of Desuffaoibrio, Turici bacter, and Ureaplasma was negatively correlated with the residence time of mice in the quadrant of the platform (r=-0.32, -0.29, -0.44, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Lead exposure induced learning and memory impairments in mice, which may be related to the disturbance of the gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lead/toxicity , Maze Learning , Memory Disorders , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 58-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of triglyceride/cystatin C (TG/Cys-C) ratio combined with diabetic retinopathy, diabetes course and systolic pressure in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD).Methods:Patients with type 2 diabetes and renal insufficiency, who underwent renal biopsy in four Grade A tertiary hospitals in Xuzhou from January 2013 to February 2021 were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into DKD group ( n=51) and non-DKD (NDKD) group ( n=49) based on renal biopsy results. Another 50 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without renal dysfunction were selected as control group. The first admission information and blood biochemical indexes were collected, and the TG/Cys-C ratio was calculated. The differences of clinical indexes between the DKD and NDKD groups were compared. The correlative factors of DKD in type 2 diabetes patients with renal dysfunction were analyzed by logistic regression. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of TG/Cys-C ratio, diabetic retinopathy, duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure and combined detection for DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes and renal dysfunction. Results:Among patients with type 2 diabetes with renal dysfunction, renal biopsy results showed that membranous nephropathy was the most common pathological type in NDKD group, accounting for 63.3% (31/49) of all NDKD patients. Compared with Type 2 diabetes mellitus without renal injury, type 2 diabetic patients with kidney injury had higher systolic blood pressure, higher total cholesterol, higher low-density lipoprotein, higher cystatin, higher creatinine, higher uric acid, higher fibrinogen level, more hypertension, more changes of urinary active sediment, lower hemoglobin, lower albumin, and the lower the glomerular filtration rate (all P<0.05). Compared with NDKD group, patients in DKD group had higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure, higher cystatin C and creatinine, more hypertension, more diabetic retinopathy, longer course of diabetes, lower concentration of hemoglobin, lower glomerular filtration rate, lower triglyceride and lower TG/Cys-C ratio (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that TG/Cys-C ratio was associated with DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and renal impairment ( OR=0.298, P=0.007), diabetic retinopathy ( OR=12.209, P=0.005), duration of diabetes ( OR=1.016, P=0.034) and systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.049, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for DKD in type 2 diabetic patients with renal dysfunction. The ROC curve showed that AUC of the TG/Cys-C ratio was 0.866 (the cot-off point was 2.06), and the sensitivity was 88.2% and the specificity was 71.4% for the diagnosis of DKD, and AUC of the TG/Cys-C ratio in combination with diabetic retinopathy, diabetes duration and systolic blood pressure was 0.952, and the sensitivity was 92.2% and the specificity was 89.8% for the diagnosis of DKD. Conclusion:TG/Cys-C ratio has significant clinical value in the diagnosis of DKD. Combined detection of TG/Cys-C ratio with diabetic retinopathy, course of diabetes and systolic blood pressure could further improve the diagnostic efficacy of DKD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of detecting plasma donor-derived free DNA (dd-cfDNA) fraction in distinguishing antibody mediated-rejection (ABMR) and T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) of renal allografts.Methods:Patients with acute rejection confirmed by allograft biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Zhejiang University from December 1, 2017 to July 18, 2019 were retrospectively included. Based on pathological classification of Banff renal allograft rejection in 2017, the patients were divided into ABMR group and TCMR group, and the latter was subdivided into TCMR Ⅰ subgroup and TCMR Ⅱ subgroup. The second generation sequencing and target region capture were used to detect candidates' peripheral blood dd-cfDNA. The demographic and clinicopathological data of the two groups were compared. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the differential value of plasma dd-cfDNA and serum creatinine levels in two kinds of acute renal allograft rejection.Results:A total of 60 patients with acute rejection of renal transplantation were enrolled in this study, including 42 patients in TCMR group and 18 patients in ABMR group. The plasma dd-cfDNA percentage (%) in the ABMR group was significantly higher than that in the TCMR group [2.33(1.19, 4.30)% vs 0.98(0.50, 1.82)%, P=0.001]. The absolute value of dd-cfDNA in ABMR group was obviously higher than that in TCMR group [0.94(0.60, 2.27) ng/ml vs 0.43(0.20, 0.96) ng/ml, P=0.003]. ROC analysis to discriminate TCMR from ABMR showed that, the area under the curve ( AUC) of dd-cfDNA% was 0.76(95% CI 0.64-0.88), when the threshold was 1.11%, the sensitivity and specificity were 88.89% and 59.52%, respectively; the AUC of absolute value of dd-cfDNA was 0.74(95% CI 0.61-0.86), when the threshold was 0.53 ng/ml, the sensitivity was 88.89% and the specificity was 54.76%. TCMR subgroups were further analyzed, there was no significant difference between TCMR subgroups on the absolute value and percentage of dd-cfDNA (both P>0.05); dd-cfDNA% in ABMR group was apparently higher than that in TCMRⅠ subgroups ( P=0.008) and TCMRⅡsubgroup ( P=0.030). The absolute value of dd-cfDNA in ABMR group was significantly higher than that in TCMRⅠsubgroups ( P=0.003). Conclusion:Plasma dd-cfDNA level may help to distinguish between ABMR and TCMR rejection.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 97-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940357

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy and mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in treating diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D) patients with liver depression and spleen deficiency. MethodA total of 168 IBS-D patients with liver depression and spleen deficiency who were treated from August 2017 to June 2021 were divided into observation group and control group by random number table,84 in each group. The observation group was administrated with Tongxie Yaofang decoction-free granules orally,and the control group received oral treatment of pinaverium bromide,both for 4 weeks. The main symptoms of IBS were compared before and after treatment,such as the degree of abdominal pain,stool changes,traditional Chinese medicine pattern curative effect scoring system(TCM-PES),IBS quality of life questionnaire (IBS-QOL),IBS symptom severity scale(IBS-SSS),self-rating anxiety scale (SAS),and self-rating depression scale(SDS). Nimodipine was used to evaluate the efficacy based on TCM syndrome score of liver depression and Qi stagnation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was conducted to detect the plasma interleukin-10(IL-10)and IL-12 before and after treatment. ResultAfter 4 weeks of treatment, the response rate of abdominal pain in observation group was 92.86% (78/84), higher than that in control group (82.14%, 69/84)(χ2=6.254,P<0.05). The response rates of diarrhea in observation group and control group were 91.67% (77/84)and 77.38% (65/84), respectively(χ2=8.214,P<0.01). TCM-PES and IBS-QOL scores of observation group after treatment were higher and IBS-SSS score was lower than those of control group (P<0.05). The efficacy rate of TCM syndromes in observation group was higher than that of control group (P<0.05). Additionally, after treatment, the observation group had lower SAS and SDS scores (P<0.05)and IL-12 level(P<0.05)and higher plasma IL-10 level than the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionTongxie Yaofang can relieve abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D patients with liver depression and spleen deficiency,reduce negative emotion,and improve the quality of life of patients,which may be related to alleviating the visceral hypersensitivity.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 733-738, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy and its effect on serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), interleukin 1β(IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) between short needling (close-to-bone needling) and conventional acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) with blood stasis obstruction.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 KOA patients with blood stasis obstruction were randomized into a short needling group (34 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a conventional acupuncture group (34 cases, 3 cases dropped off). The same acupoints (Dubi [ST 35], Neixiyan [EX-LE 4], Binzhong [Extra], Liangqiu [ST 34], etc. on the affected side) were selected in the two groups. In the short needling group, short needling technique was adopted, the needles were slowly inserted and the needle bodies were shaken, thus gradually penetrated to the bone. In the conventional acupuncture group, conventional acupuncture was adopted, the needles were penetrated to the muscle. After qi-arrival, Dubi (ST 35) and Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Liangqiu (ST 34) were connected with CMNS6-1 electronic acupuncture instrument, with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/10 Hz in frequency, the current intensity was based on patients' feeling, the needles were retained for 30 min, at the same time, the knee joint was irradiated for 30 min with a special electromagnetic wave apparatus in the two groups. Once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) score, knee joint pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, inflammatory response related indexes (serum TNF-a, IL-1β, IL-6 and PGE2) and knee joint ultrasound were observed,and the clinical effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment,the pain, stiffness, function scores and total scores of WOMAC were decreased as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), except for the pain score, the changes of above scores in the short needling group were greater than the conventional acupuncture group (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS scores, serum levels of TNF-a, IL-1β, IL-6, PGE2 and knee joint synovium thickness, intra-articular effusion were decreased as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), the levels of TNF-a, IL-1β, IL-6 in the short needling group were lower than the conventional acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the short needling group was 87.1% (27/31), which was superior to 83.9% (26/31) in the conventional acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Short needling could improve the knee joint function, relieve the pain and inflammatory response, improve the knee joint synovium inflammatory response, reduce the knee joint intra-articular effusion for KOA patients, its effect is better than conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Pain , Prostaglandins E
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1612-1616, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effects of intrathecal injection of resveratrol on sense of pain and OPG/RANK/RANK-L signal pathway in rats with bone cancer pain. METHODS After treatment via intrathecal tube ,the rats were randomly divided into sham operation group ,model group ,resveratrol low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups (0.25,1,2 mg/kg),with 8 rats in each group. Except for sham operation group ,other groups were given Walker 256 breast cancer cell suspension on the right hind limb tibia to induce bone cancer pain model. After 12 days of modeling ,intrathecal administration was performed in resveratrol groups. The model group and sham operation group received the same volume of dimethyl sulfoxide ,10 μL,once a day ,for 5 days. The paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT)and paw withdrawal thermal latency (PWTL)were measured at 3 d,5 d after administration. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin 6(IL-6),IL-1β and chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2)were determined after last medication ,and the protein expressions of RANK ,RANK-L and OPG in tibia were also determined. RESULTS Compared with sham operation group ,PWMT and PWTL were significantly decreased in the model group 12 days after operation (P<0.05). Compared with model group ,PWMT and PWTL were significantly increased in resveratrol medium-dose and high-dose groups at 3 d and 5 d after administration (P<0.05). Compared with model group ,the levels of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β and CCL2 in serum were significantly decreased in resveratrol middle-dose and high-dose groups at 5 d after administration(P<0.05);the expression of IL- 6 in serum was significantly decreased in resveratrol low-dose group (P<0.05); the protein expressions of RANK-L and RANK in tibia were significantly decreased ,while the protein expression of OPG was increased significantly in resveratrol middle-dose group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Resveratrol by intrathecal injection can relieve the inflammation caused by bone cancer pain of rats , the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting the activity of OPG/RANK/RANK-L signal pathway.

19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 183-193, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation and joint destruction. Both inflammatory response and oxidative stress contribute to the pathogenesis of RA. Oxidative damage can induce and aggravate the imbalance of immune inflammation and promote cell and tissue damage. In this study, the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00638 in peripheral blood of patients with RA damp-heat arthralgia syndrome was observed, and the correlation between LINC00638 and disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress indicator was investigated. Subsequently, the mechanisms for LINC00638 in regulating the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in RA fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) under the condition of overexpression and interference were further explored.@*METHODS@#In this study, 48 RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome and 27 normal healthy subjects, who came from Department of Rheumatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, were included; and they were divided into a RA group and a control group. The expression of LINC00638 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the subjects was detected by real-time PCR. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) expression. Spearman method was used to study the relationship between LINC00638 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), and to observe the relation between LINC00638 and the Disease Activity Score of 28 Joint (DAS28), Quantitative Score of Damp Heat Syndrome, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). RA-FLS was induced by RA-PBMC, and the RA in vitro cell experimental model was established. LINC00638 overexpression plasmid and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were constructed and transfected into RA-FLS. The cell experiments were divided into 4 groups: a pcDNA3. 1- control group, a pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group, a siRNA-control group, and a siRNA-LINC00638 group. The transfection efficiency of overexpression plasmid and siRNA was detected by real-time PCR, the expression of TNF-α and IL-10 was detected by ELISA, and the expression of antioxidant proteins HO-1 and SOD2 was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of LINC00638 in the RA group was lower (P<0.01). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of LINC00638 was 0.9271. The DAS28 in RA group was 5.70 (5.40-6.50), the Quantitative Score of Damp-heat Syndrome was 20.0 (17.0-23.0), and the VAS score was 7.0 (6.3-8.0). Compared with the control group, the ESR, CRP, RF, anti-CCP, SAS and SDS scores in the RA group were significantly increased (all P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that: LINC00638 was negatively correlated with ESR (r=-0.532, P<0.01), CRP (r=-0.367, P<0.05), TNF-α (r=-0.375, P<0.01), MDA (r= -0.295, P<0.05), DAS28 (r=-0.450, P<0.01), and which was positively correlated with SOD2 (r=0.370, P<0.05). After the induction of RA-FLS, the expression level of LINC00638 was significantly decreased (P<0.01), indicating that the stimulation of PBMC could effectively reduce the expression of LINC00638 in RA-FLS, so the experimental model of RA-FLS-induced by PBMC was utilized. Compared with the pcDNA3.1-control group, the expressions of LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2, and HO-1 in the pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and the expression of TNF-α was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with siRNA-control group, LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2 and HO-1 in the siRNA-LINC00638 group were significantly decreased (all P<0.01), and TNF-α was significantly increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC00638 is down-regulated in the peripheral blood of RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome, which is correlated with disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress. Overexpression of LINC00638 can down-regulate pro-inflammatory factors, up-regulate anti-inflammatory factors, and increase antioxidant enzyme activity, thereby improving inflammation and oxidative stress in RA. LINC00638 is the differential lncRNA obtained by the research group's previous high-throughput sequencing of the whole transcriptome of peripheral blood PBMCs in RA patients and validation of clinical samples. In order to deepen the molecular biology research of this gene, the microRNA and mRNA targeted by LINC00638 can be further studied from the perspective of competing endogenous RNAs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies/metabolism , Antioxidants , Arthralgia/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , C-Reactive Protein , Hot Temperature , Inflammation/genetics , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 240-248, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the optimal maintenance dose of caffeine citrate for preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 566 preterm infants (gestational age ≤34 weeks) who were treated and required assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit of 30 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province of China between January 1 and December 31, 2019. The 405 preterm infants receiving high-dose (10 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate after a loading dose of 20 mg/kg within 24 hours after birth were enrolled as the high-dose group. The 161 preterm infants receiving low-dose (5 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate were enrolled as the low-dose group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the low-dose group, the high-dose group had significant reductions in the need for high-concentration oxygen during assisted ventilation (P=0.044), the duration of oxygen inhalation after weaning from noninvasive ventilation (P<0.01), total oxygen inhalation time during hospitalization (P<0.01), the proportion of preterm infants requiring noninvasive ventilation again (P<0.01), the rate of use of pulmonary surfactant and budesonide (P<0.05), and the incidence rates of apnea and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.01), but the high-dose group had a significantly increased incidence rate of feeding intolerance (P=0.032). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the body weight change, the incidence rates of retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage or necrotizing enterocolitis, the mortality rate, and the duration of caffeine use (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This pilot multicenter study shows that the high maintenance dose (10 mg/kg per day) is generally beneficial to preterm infants in China and does not increase the incidence rate of common adverse reactions. For the risk of feeding intolerance, further research is needed to eliminate the interference of confounding factors as far as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Citrates , Infant, Premature , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies
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