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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888133

ABSTRACT

The Solanaceae plants distributed in China belong to 105 species and 35 varietas of 24 genera. Some medicinal plants of Solanaceae are rich in tropane alkaloids(TAs), which have significant pharmacological activities. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, pharmacological activities, and biosynthetic pathways of TAs in Solanaceous plants were summarized. Besides, the phylogeny of medicinal plants belonging to Solanaceae was visualized by network diagram. Fourteen genera of Solanaceae plants in China contain TAs and have medical records. TAs mainly exist in Datura, Anisodus, Atropa, Physochlaina, and Hyoscyamus. The TAs-containing species were mainly concentrated in Southwest China, and the content of TAs was closely related to plant distribution area and altitude. The Solanaceae plants containing TAs mainly have antispasmodic, analgesic, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effects. Modern pharmacological studies have proved the central sedative, pupil dilating, glandular secretion-inhibiting, and anti-asthma activities of TAs. These pharmacological activities provide a reasonable explanation for the traditional therapeutic efficacy of tropane drugs. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, and modern pharmacological activities of TAs-containing species in Solanaceae were analyzed for the first time. Based on these data, the genetic relationship of TAs-containing Solanaceae species was preliminarily discussed, which provided a scientific basis for the basic research on TAs-containing solanaceous species and was of great significance for the development of natural medicinal plant resources containing TAs.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae/genetics , Tropanes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828021

ABSTRACT

The epidemic situation of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is developing rapidly in the world, and the influence is serious. In this study, the prescription of Mongolian medicine to prevent new type of COVID-19 was investigated. Based on the second edition and the third edition of COVID-19 Mongolian Medicine Prevention and Treatment Guidance Program issued by the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Health Commission, using Excel 2007, SPSS Modeler 18, SPSS Statistics 25, Cytoscape 3.7.1 statistical software as a tool, the association rules analysis and cluster analysis of Mongolian medicine included in the standard were carried out. Among the 45 prophylactic prescriptions included in the standard, a total of 34 high-frequency drugs using frequency ≥5 were used, of which Carthami Flos(21 times, 4.46%), Chebulae Fructus(20 times, 4.26%), Moschus(13 times, 2.77%), Myristicae Semen(12 times, 2.55%), Santali Albi Lignum(12 times, 2.55%), and Bovis Calculus(12 times, 2.55%) were the most common. The main drugs for the prevention of COVID-19 were Liang(13 times, 38.23%), Wen(9 times, 26.47%), the flavor was Ku(20 times, 34.48%), Xin(13 times, 22.41%), Gan(11 times, 18.97%), the most used drugs treating hot evil(99 times, 32.46%), treatment of "Heyi" drugs(51 times, 16.72%), treatment of "Badagan" drugs(40 times, 13.11%), treatment of "sticky" drugs(37 times, 12.13%), and a cough, eliminating phlegm and antiasthmatic(31 times, 10.16%), the association rule analysis found that the highest association intensity of the drug pair combination of 11. Clustering analysis using the cluster analysis of inter-group join method found a total of 8 categories. In this study, 45 prescriptions of Mongolian medicine for the prevention of COVID-19 were collec-ted and further analyzed, hoping to provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Humans , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
3.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1124-1129, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710283

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish a GC method for the simultaneous determination of β-eudesmol,atractylon,atractylodin,atractylolide Ⅰ,atractylaxanthin Ⅱ and (4E,6E,12E)-tetradecene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diacetate in Atractylodes rhizome,and cluster analysis of A.rhizome according to the content level.METHODS The analysis of A.rhizome solution was performed on an HP-5 capillary column (30 m × 0.32 mm,0.25 μm) with FID as the detector,the initial temperature 100 ℃,with 10 ℃/min to 135 ℃;with 1 ℃/min to 150 ℃;with 50 ℃/min to 200 ℃ (keeping 6 minutes),and with 50 ℃/min to 250 ℃ (keeping 8 minutes).The FID detector temperature was 300 ℃ and the injector temperature was 250 ℃,with the flow rate carrier gas 1.4 L/min;The tail gas was N2 (99.999%),with the ratio of carrier gas Air ∶ H2 ∶ N2 =400 ∶ 30 ∶ 25;The sample volume was 1 μL,and the split ratio was 20 ∶ 1.The results were analyzed by cluster analysis with SPSS 21.0 statistical software.RESULTS Six constituents showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (r > 0.999 6),whose average recoveries were 99.46%-100.95% with the RSDs of 0.09-0.41.A.rhizome was divided into three categories.CONCLUSION This accurate,stable and reproducible method can be used for the quality control of A.rhizome.

4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1532-1535, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299679

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the surgical outcome of portal hypertension and explore the risk-factors of long-term survival after operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 149 patients (male 119, female 30, aged from 19 to 73 years old) with portal hypertension treated surgically from January 1996 to October 2007 was collected. Among these patients, there were 110 patients for Child A and 39 patients for Child B according to Child-Pugh classification. According to different surgical modality, all patients were divided into devascularization group (n = 85) and shunting group (n = 64).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up rate was 78.8% and the average follow-up time was (46.3 +/- 30.4) months. The overall survival rates of 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-years were 95.6%, 88.7%, 83.4% and 65.1% respectively. Meanwhile the survival rates of 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-years in devascularization group and in shunting group were 95.4%, 87.7%, 80.6%, 56.3% and 95.8%, 90.1%, 86.8%, 72.6% respectively. There was no significant difference in survival rate between these two groups (P > 0.05). Child-Pugh classification has been the most important risk-factor that could influence long-term survival after operation by analysis of COX regression and it showed that the long-term survival time in Child A was longer than in Child B. The re-hemorrhage rates of 1-, 3- and 5-years in shunting group would be much better than in devascularization group. The rate of postoperative encephalopathy in devascularization group and shunting group was 6.9% and 6.1% respectively and there was no significant difference (P > 0.05). The portal venous pressure and flow of portal vein decreased significantly after shunting operation (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The mainly sole risk-factor of long-term survival for portal hypertension has been the classification of Child-Pugh, not surgical procedure. The individualized proximal splenorenal shunt is much better than devascularization in controlling variceal hemorrhage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , General Surgery , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Splenorenal Shunt, Surgical , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1699-1702, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the regularity of splanchnic hemodynamic changes after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for patients with portal hypertension. At the same time, effect of such changes on splenomegaly, hypersplenism, collateral circulation and the postoperative liver function was discussed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between June 2002 and October 2005, 173 liver transplantations were performed. In 38 patients with portal hypertension undergoing OLT, the following parameters were measured before surgery and subsequently at 1, 3, 5, 7 days, 1, 6 months and 1, 2, 3 years after operation by using Color Doppler sonography: portal blood flow mean velocity (PBV), portal blood flow volume (PBF), hepatic artery resistance indexes (HA-RI) and spleen size. The same parameters were measured in 8 patients with acute liver failure and 20 healthy controls. Meanwhile to observe liver function and varicose vein of esophagus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In cirrhotics, PBV and PBF increased immediately after transplantation [from (13.7 +/- 4.2) cm/s to (58.4 +/- 25.2) cm/s and from (958 +/- 445) ml/min to (3024 +/- 1207) ml/min respectively, P < 0.05]. HA-RI also augmented [from (0.65 +/- 0.11) to (0.74 +/- 0.12), P < 0.05]. PBV returned to normal values after 6 months, PBF returned to normal value after 2 years. Spleen size decreased significantly, but splenomegaly persisted after 3 years. In addition the esophagogastric varix ameliorated significantly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Abnormal splanchnic hemodynamic changes for patients with portal hypertension still will long-term exist after OLT, but does not effect recovery of hypersplenism, esophagogastric varix and liver function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemodynamics , Hepatic Artery , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Pathology , General Surgery , Intraoperative Period , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Portal Vein , Splanchnic Circulation , Physiology , Spleen , Pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640443

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical experience in liver retransplantation. Methods From June 2002 to December 2005,a total of 185 cases of liver transplantation were performed in our hospital,including 8 cases of retransplantation.Those clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. Results The rate of liver retransplantation was 4.32%.The average MELD scores before primary transplantation and retransplantation were 15.6 and 23.9,respectively.The average interval between primary transplantation and retransplantation was 316 days(78~725 days).Causes of retransplantation included 3 cases of biliary complications,2 cases of chronic rejection,1 case of hepatic artery thrombosis,1 case of acute rejection and 1 case of recurrence of hepatitis B.The former 3 cases died of severe infection combined with multiple organ failure 101,16 and 28 days after retransplantation.The latter 5 cases recovered smoothly,and have survived 27,12,8,4 and 3 months up to now. Conclusion Liver retransplantation is an effective way to save the patient with hepatic allograft failure.Good knowledge of the indications of retransplantation,careful selection of the operation time,excellent surgical skills and meticulous postoperative management will contribute to the success of liver retransplantation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635218

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether small epithelial cells (SEC) exist in human hepa- tocellularcarcinoma (HCC) and if so, whether they exhibit immunolabelling for both albumin and cytokeratin 7 (CK7). MethodsThirty cases of human HCC from operative specimens were investi- gated by immunohistochemistry with antibody against albumin, a marker of hepatocyte differentiation and CK7, a marker of biliary differentiation. Ten cases were investigated by electron microscopy and by immuno- electron microscopy. ResultsThe SEC were found in 20 of 30 cases that located around the edges of the tumors and appeared as proliferative small biliary ductules. Under electron microscopy they were of small size, contained sparse cytoplasm, few free ribosomes, intracellular tonofilarnents, and intercellular junctions. Immunoelectron microscopically the SEC exhibited labelling for both albumin and CK7 in 5 out of 10 cases. ConclusionSEC in human HCC are found that represent the same mor- phology like those seen in hepatoblastoma and biliary atresia, co- expressed markers for hepatocytic and biliary differentiation.

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