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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920745

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the species of trematodes isolated from laying ducks in Nanchang City using morphological and molecular approaches. Methods Trematodes were isolated from the hepatobiliary duct, gallbladder and large intestine of market-sold laying ducks in Nanchang City. Following morphological characterization, total DNA was extracted from all trematode specimens, and internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) and cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 (Cox1) genes were amplified using PCR assay and sequenced. Sequence alignment was performed using the Blast software, and homology and phylogenetic analyses were done in the trematode isolates based on ITS and Cox1 gene sequences. Results The morphological characteristics of two trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducks were similar to those of Echinostoma revolutum and E. miyagawai, and the morphological characteristics of eight trematode samples isolated from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks were similar to those of Amphimerus anatis. The ITS and Cox1 gene sequences of the two trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducks had 99.3% and 98.9%-99.4% homology with E. miyagawai, and the phylogenetic analysis showed that two trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with E. miyagawai based on ITS and Cox1 gene sequences. The ITS gene sequences of eight trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks shared 95.1%-95.5% with Opisthorchis sudarikovi and Clonorchis sinensis, while the Cox1 gene sequences of eight trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks shared 86.3%-86.4% and 85.5%-85.7% with O. viverrini and O. sudarikovi. ITS gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that the duck-derived trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with C. sinensis, and Cox1 gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that the duck-derived trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with Metorchis orientalis and O. viverrini. Conclusions The trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducts in Nanchang City may be E. miyagawai, and the trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder may be an unidentified trematode species of the family Opisthorchiidae.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913065

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the populations of freshwater crabs, the intermediate host of Paragonimus and Paragonimus infections in freshwater crabs in the Minjiang River basin along the middle section of Wuyi Mountain, so as to provide baseline data for parasitic disease control and research and expansion of the parasite resource bank. Methods From November 2020 to April 2021, freshwater crabs were sampled from streams and ditches neighboring residential areas in Jianning County and its neighboring Ninghua, Shaowu, Jiangle and Shunchang counties. The crab species was identified based on the morphological features of the terminal segment of the first abdominal appendage of male crabs, and Paragonimus infections were detected in freshwater crabs. The Paragonimus metacercariae were isolated, and the types of metacercariae were identified based on the metacercaria size, cystic wall thickness, and the excretory bladder and intestinal tract morphology. In addition, the prevalence, intensity and index of metacercaria infections were calculated in freshwater crabs. Results There were seven crab species found in Jianning County and six neighboring water systems along the Minjiang River basin, including Sinopotamon jianglense, S. fukinense, Huananpotamon lichuanense, H. lini, H. shenni, H. planopodum, Bottapotamon engelhardti, and there were metacercariae of three Paragonimus species detected in these crabs, including P. westermani, P. skrjabini and P. sanpingensis, with a prevalence rate of 43.6% (125/287). The infection rates of P. westermani, P. sanpingensis and P. skrjabini were 57.1% (48/84), 26.2% (22/84) and 61.8% (21/34) in S. jianglense, and the infection rates of P. westermani and P. sanpingensis were 52.6% (51/97) and 30.9% (30/97) in S. fukinense, while the rate of P. westermani infection was 6.9% (5/72) in H. lichuanense, which is the first record of P. westermani infections in H. lichuanense. Mixed P. westermani and P. sanpingensis infections were predominantly found in freshwater crabs sampled from Jianning County, where the rate of Paragonimus infections was 70.4% (76/108), with 15.3 metacercariae identified in each crab with Paragonimus infections and 1.9 metacercariae found in each gram of crabs with Paragonimus infections, and the index of metacercariae infections was 20.5. In addition, P. westermani, P. skrjabini and P. sanpingensi metacercariae were found in freshwater crabs sampled from Jianning-neighboring counties, where the rate of Paragonimus infections was 52.3% (56/107), with 9.8 metacercariae identified in each crab with Paragonimus infections and 0.9 metacercariae found in each gram of crabs with Paragonimus infections, and the index of metacercariae infections was 4.6. Conclusion There are multiple freshwater crab species and Paragonimus infection is high in freshwater crabs in Jianning County and its neighboring Minjiang River basin, which is a high-risk natural focus for Paragonimus infections.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875683

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the formulation and adjustment of nutritional therapy by nutrition support pharmacists in patient with acute prerenal failure complicated with urinary tract infection, and to provide a reference for nutritional therapy in such patient. Methods With nutrition support pharmacists participated in nutrition treatment management and case analysis of a patient with acute prerenal failure complicated with urinary tract infection, we explored the nutritional support treatment plan for this type of patient. Results Nutrition support pharmacists provided pharmaceutical care throughout the course for patient with acute prerenal failure and designed an individualized low-calorie and high-protein nutritional support treatment according to the change of patient's condition, to increase the patient's serum albumin level and maintain at 35 g/L, at the same time the infection was effectively controlled and the creatinine value decreased to normal. Conclusion Small-volume, low-calorie, high-protein nutritional support solution ≤1 000 ml, calorie intake is about 1, 000 kcal, and protein is maintained at 1.2 g/(kg·d) throughout the course of acute prerenal renal failure with urinary tract infected patients can obtain better clinical outcomes and prognosis, and can better maintain clinical operability, and fully improve the safety, effectiveness and economics of nutritional support treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the indentification method of samples mistyped as O phenotype and to explore the precision transfusion strategy.@*METHODS@#The blood samples from donors and patients admitted in our center from 2018 to 2019 was collected. The samples with O phenotype suspected subtypes were further determined by tube test, adsorption-elution test, etc. Molecular testing was used to sequence the related blood type genes of the subjects.@*RESULTS@#Among 14 subjects misjudged as O, 11 different genotypes were identified, in which 3 blood donors were Ael02/O02, Bel03/O02, and one para-Bombay with B101/O02 (FUT1: h3h3; FUT2: Se@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotypes of Ael, Bel, Aw and para-Bombay subtypes are easily misjudged as type O. Molecular technology is helpful to identify the genotype of subtypes, and the corresponding transfusion strategies could be reasonably performed.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , Alleles , Blood Transfusion , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888013

ABSTRACT

A novel HPLC method with the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker( QAMS) combined with the dual-wavelength method was developed for simultaneous determination of six flavonoids in Dendrobium officinale stems from different producing areas,cultivation and processing methods to clarify the main factors contributing to the different composition of flavonoids.The separation of six flavonoids was performed on a Shiseido Capcell PAK MGⅡ C18 column( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) using a linear gradient elution system of acetonitrile-0. 1% formic acid aqueous solution. Schaftoside,isoschaftoside,vicenin-2,and glucosylvitexin were simultaneously analyzed using rutin as a reference standard at detection wavelength of 340 nm,and naringenin was determined at290 nm. The credibility and feasibility of QAMS method were validated and the results demonstrated that no significant differences were observed as compared with the external standard method. Finally,a total of 82 batches of D. officinale samples were analyzed and principal component analysis( PCA) and discriminant analysis were applied to distinguish and compare D. officinale samples from different producing areas,cultivation and processing methods. The results showed that the total flavonoid content of D. officinale stems cultivated in the simulated wild( attached tree cultivation or attached stone cultivation) was significantly higher than that in greenhouse bed cultivation. The content of flavonoids in simulated-wild D. officinale stems was higher in Jiangxi,Guizhou,Zhejiang,and Fujian provinces,while that in greenhouse bed cultivation was higher in Fujian and Zhejiang provinces. The content of naringenin was positively correlated with processing temperature,and that of the other five flavonoids was negatively correlated with processing temperature. PCA showed that wild-simulated D. officinale and greenhouse bed-cultivated D. officinale could be roughly divided into two clusters. The samples cultivated in the greenhouse bed were divided into four categories according to the geographical habitats. Wild-simulated D. officinale samples from Guizhou gathered together,and there was no obvious rule in samples from other producing areas. The established method simplified the determination method of flavonoids in D. officinale,and could provide the basis for effective quality control,cultivation and processing of D. officinale.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887950

ABSTRACT

Root rot was occurred widely in the production area of Rehmannia glutinosa, and which result in serious influence on the yield and quality of R. glutinosa. In the present work, a new phytopathogen was isolated from roots with root rot symptom in the production area of R. glutinosa. The colony of the pathogen growing on PDA medium was gray-black, the structure of hyphae was compact, the aerial hyphae was less developed, and the back of the colony was black. The hyphae of the pathogen were uneven in size, about 2 to 3 μm in diameter and twined with each other, the conidia of the pathogen were small, nearly round and about 1 μm in diameter. The healthy roots of R. glutinosa were inoculated with the pathogen in vitro, black-brown rot was observed at the inoculate sites after a few days' incubation. The rhizosphere soil of healthy R. glutinosa seedlings were inoculated in vivo, the leaves were wilted and the roots were black-brown rotted after several days' normal culture, the symptoms were consistent with those observed in the field. The genomic DNA of the pathogen was amplified by fungus rDNA-ITS universal primer ITS1/ITS4 and homologous analyzed, the pathogen was in a branch with Heterophoma sp., Phoma sp., P. novae-verbascicola and P. herbarum with the nuclear acid homology of 99.21% to 99.43%. The pathogen shown 97.00% to 98.02% nuclear acid homology with H. verbascicola, H. novae-verbascicola, H. poolensis, P. herbarum, H. sylvatica, H. verbascicola and H. verbasci-densiflori when amplified by the tub2 gene special primer Btub2 fd/Btub4 rd, and H. novae-verbascicola was the highest. The pathogen was in a branch with H. novae-verbascicola when amplified by the lsu gene special primer LR0 R/LR7. Based on the morphological characteristics, nucleotide sequence analysis and Koch's test results, the isolated pathogen causing root rot of R. glutinosa was identified as H. novae-verbascicola. This study is of great significance for the further theoretical research on root rot of R. glutinosa and root rot control in field.


Subject(s)
DNA, Ribosomal , Fungi/genetics , Plant Leaves , Rehmannia/genetics , Seedlings
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887944

ABSTRACT

Drynariae Rhizoma is warm in nature and bitter in taste, mainly acting on liver and kidney systems. It is a common Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of fracture and bone injury. The chemical compositions of Drynariae Rhizoma mainly include flavonoids, triterpenoids, phenylpropanoids and lignans. At present, modern pharmacological and clinical studies have shown that Drynariae Rhizoma has the effects of anti osteoporosis, promoting fracture healing, kidney protection, anti-inflammatory, promoting tooth growth, preventing and treating aminoglycoside ototoxicity and lowering blood lipid. In addition, the toxicity evaluation experiment of Drynariae Rhizoma has also shown that it has no obvious toxic and side effects. Naringin is a kind of dihydroflavone in Drynariae Rhizoma. Many studies have shown that naringin and other total flavonoids play an important role in anti-osteoporosis, promoting fracture healing, anti-inflammation, promoting tooth growth and lowering blood lipid. In this study, the research progresses on chemical consti-tuents and pharmacological activities of Drynariae Rhizoma in recent years were reviewed, and some mechanisms of action were summarized, to provide references for the further research and development of Drynariae Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Polypodiaceae , Rhizome
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 783-791, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cancer is one of the leading causes of death globally, but its burden is not uniform. GLOBOCAN 2020 has newly updated the estimates of cancer burden. This study summarizes the most recent changing profiles of cancer burden worldwide and in China and compares the cancer data of China with those of other regions.@*METHODS@#We conducted a descriptive secondary analysis of the GLOBOCAN 2020 data. To depict the changing global profile of the leading cancer types in 2020 compared with 2018, we extracted the numbers of cases and deaths in 2018 from GLOBOCAN 2018. We also obtained cancer incidence and mortality from the 2015 National Cancer Registry Report in China when sorting the leading cancer types by new cases and deaths. For the leading cancer types according to sex in China, we summarized the estimated numbers of incidence and mortality, and calculated China's percentage of the global new cases and deaths.@*RESULTS@#Breast cancer displaced lung cancer to become the most leading diagnosed cancer worldwide in 2020. Lung, liver, stomach, breast, and colon cancers were the top five leading causes of cancer-related death, among which liver cancer changed from the third-highest cancer mortality in 2018 to the second-highest in 2020. China accounted for 24% of newly diagnosed cases and 30% of the cancer-related deaths worldwide in 2020. Among the 185 countries included in the database, China's age-standardized incidence rate (204.8 per 100,000) ranked 65th and the age-standardized mortality rate (129.4 per 100,000) ranked 13th. The two rates were above the global average. Lung cancer remained the most common cancer type and the leading cause of cancer death in China. However, breast cancer became the most frequent cancer type among women if the incidence was stratified by sex. Incidences of colorectal cancer and breast cancer increased rapidly. The leading causes of cancer death varied minimally in ranking from 2015 to 2020 in China. Gastrointestinal cancers, including stomach, colorectal, liver, and esophageal cancers, contributed to a massive burden of cancer for both sexes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The burden of breast cancer is increasing globally. China is undergoing cancer transition with an increasing burden of lung cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and breast cancers. The mortality rate of cancer in China is high. Comprehensive strategies are urgently needed to target China's changing profiles of the cancer burden.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Incidence , Liver Neoplasms , Male , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of metformin during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) complicated with euglycemia and hyperinsulinemia.Methods:One hundred and thirty PCOS pregnant patients complicated with euglycemia and hyperinsulinemia admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019 were selected and divided into two groups, the treatment group was treated with metformin during pregnancy, and the control group was treated with lifestyle intervention. Pregnancy outcomes, pregnancy complications, delivery complications, first cesarean section rate, length, gestational age, weight, and blood glucose of the newborn were compared.Results:The incidence of early pregnancy loss (23.8% vs 6.0%, P=0.040), embryo damage(23.8% vs 4.5%, P=0.001), and premature rupture of membrane(21.3% vs 8.1%, P=0.047) in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in pregnancy complications, first cesarean section rate, length, weight, and blood glucose of the newborn and other adverse pregnancy outcomes ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Metformin therapy during pregnancy in PCOS patients can effectively reduce the incidence of early pregnancy loss, embryo damage , and premature rupture of membrane, improve pregnancy outcomes, and have no effect on the length, weight, and blood glucose of the newborn, with high safety and no obvious adverse events.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of IL-2/IL-15 receptor β subunit (IL-2/IL-15Rβ) on memory CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) receiving antiviral treatment and its significance. Methods:Sixty-eight patients with chronic active hepatitis B (CAHB) and 47 asymptomatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers attending in the Department of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from March 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled in the study; and 30 health subjects were also enrolled as healthy control group. Among 60 CAHB patients there were 30 cases with positive HBeAg and 30 cases with negative HBeAg. All CAHB patients received nucleos(t)ide analogue therapy, the HBV-related markers, Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and the expression of IL-2/IL-15Rβ on CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells were determined and compared between HBeAg-positive and negative patients, before and after treatment. Normal distribution measurement data among 3 groups were compared with One-way ANOVA; normal distribution measurement data between 2 groups were compared with paired samples t test; non-normal distribution measurement data between the two groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U test; Pearson’s correlation coefficient was performed for correlation analysis. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:The proportion of CD8 + CD45RO + T cells on PBMC CD3 + T cells in CAHB group [(8.6±3.7)%] was higher than that of asymptomatic HBV carriers group [(5.7±2.5)%] and healthy control group [(5.5±1.5)%] (all P<0.05). The expression percentage of IL-2/IL-15Rβ on PBMC CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells in CAHB group [(6.8±4.7)%] was higher than that of asymptomatic HBV carriers group [(4.7±2.8)%] and healthy control group [(4.3±2.2)%] (all P<0.05). The MFI of IL-2/IL-15Rβ on PBMC CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells in CAHB group (243±168) was higher than those of asymptomatic HBV carriers group (160±91) and healthy control group [160±63] (all P<0.05). The expression percentage and MFI of IL-2/IL-15Rβ on PBMC CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells were positively correlated with the percentage of CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells in CAHB patients ( r=0.33 and 0.28, all P<0.05). The proliferation percentage of PBMC CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells in CAHB group[ (43.7±16.0)%] was higher than that of asymptomatic HBV carriers group [(29.1±9.4)%] and healthy control group [(26.8±9.6)%] after stimulation with Anti-CD3+ super-2 (all P<0.05). After the expression of IL-2/IL-15Rβ was blocked, the proliferation percentage of CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells was decreased [(11.2±6.3)%] compared with the untreated CAHB group ( P<0.05). The percentages of PBMC CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells secreting IFN-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α in CAHB group were (13.8±5.4)%, (14.0±4.3)% and (12.3±4.6)% respectively, which were higher than those of asymptomatic HBV carriers [(8.4±2.6)%, (9.4±3.2)% and (6.8±3.3)%] and healthy control group [(6.9±2.7)%, (9.9±3.0)% and (7.7±3.8)%] after stimulation with Anti-CD3+ super-2 (all P<0.05). After the expression of IL-2/IL-15Rβ was blocked, the percentages of PBMC CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells secreting IFN-γ [(2.4±1.6)%], IL-2 [(4.1±1.9)%] and TNF-α [(4.1±1.8)%] were decreased compared with the untreated CAHB group (all P<0.05). HBeAg, ALT, the expression percentage and MFI of IL-2/IL-15Rβ on CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells were 521.4 (68.9, 1 339.0) COI, 292 (160, 528) U/L, (6.4±3.2)% and (239±136) in 30 HBeAg-positive CAHB patients before treatment, which were higher than those after treatment [3.5(1.5, 17.5)COI、20(14, 31) U/L, (4.1±2.4)% and (134±58)] ( Z=5.337 and 6.403, t=3.229 and 3.892, all P<0.05). HBsAg, ALT, the expression percentage and MFI of IL-2/IL-15Rβ on CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells were (5 310±2 851) COI, (328±207) U/L, (7.1±5.8)% and (252±110) in 30 HBeAg-negative CAHB patients before treatment, which were higher than those after 48 weeks of treatment [(3 811±2 495) COI, (33±14) U/L, (4.6±2.9)% and (154±73)] ( t=2.167, 5.595, 2.116 and 2.383, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The study suggests that up-regulated expression of IL-2/IL-15Rβ is associated with elevated frequency, proliferation and secretion function of memory CD3 + CD8 + CD45RO + T cells in CAHB patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 756-760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909934

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI),commonly seen in spinal surgery,is usually caused by mechanical injury to the spine. ASCI can lead to secondary lung injury and even acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS),seriously endangering the life safety of patients. Damage-associated molecular pattern(DAMP)is a sort of endogenous substances released after injury,including intracellular proteins,extracellular matrix,secretory factors and nucleic acid-related products. DAMP released after ASCI activates downstream signaling pathways and participates in lung injuries. DAMP-related studies have revealed molecular mechanism of lung injury after ASCI,and explored the possible therapeutic targets of lung injury. In this study,the authors review the mechanism of action of DAMP in lung injury after ASCI and the role of different kinds of DAMP in lung injury,so as to provide new ideas for clinical treatment of lung injury after ASCI.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903955

ABSTRACT

Coronary microembolization (CME) is associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction. Puerarin confers protection against multiple cardiovascular diseases, but its effects and specific mechanisms on CME are not fully known. Hence, our study investigated whether puerarin pretreatment could alleviate cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improve cardiac function following CME. The molecular mechanism associated was also explored. A total of 48 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into CME, CME + Puerarin (CME + Pue), sham, and sham + Puerarin (sham + Pue) groups (with 12 rats per group). A CME model was established in CME and CME + Pue groups by injecting 42 μm microspheres into the left ventricle of rats. Rats in the CME + Pue and sham + Pue groups were intraperitoneally injected with puerarin at 120 mg/kg daily for 7 days before operation. Cardiac function, myocardial histopathology, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis index were determined via cardiac ultrasound, hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and hematoxylin-basic fuchsin-picric acid (HBFP) stainings, and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining, respectively. Western blotting was used to measure protein expression related to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) pathway. We found that, puerarin significantly ameliorated cardiac dysfunction after CME, attenuated myocardial infarct size, and reduced myocardial apoptotic index. Besides, puerarin inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis, as revealed by decreased Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and up-regulated Bcl-2 and PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β pathway related proteins. Collectively, puerarin can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and thus attenuate myocardial injury caused by CME. Mechanistically, these effects may be achieved through activation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β pathway.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1952-1958, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887625

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Early detection of gastric cancer (GC) has been the topic of major efforts in China. This study aimed to explore the risk factors associated with GC and to provide evidence for the selection of a high-risk population of GC.@*METHODS@#Based on the cancer screening cohort of the National Cancer Screening Program in Urban China, GC patients diagnosed by endoscopy and pathological examinations constituted the case group, and controls were 1:3 matched by sex and age (±5 years) individually. The variables were selected by univariable analysis of factors such as body mass index (BMI), dietary habits, lifestyle, stomach disease history, and family history of GC; and multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of GC and to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of related factors and its 95% confidence interval (CI).@*RESULTS@#A total of 215 GC cases and 645 matched healthy controls were included in the final analysis, with a median age of 61 years for the case and control groups. Overall analysis showed that high educational level (above primary school) (OR = 0.362, 95% CI = 0.219-0.599, P < 0.001), overweight/obesity (BMI ≥24 kg/m2; OR = 0.489, 95% CI = 0.329-0.726, P < 0.001), cigarette smoking (OR = 3.069, 95% CI = 1.700-5.540, P < 0.001), alcohol consumption (OR = 1.661, 95% CI = 1.028-2.683, P = 0.038), history of stomach disease (OR = 6.917, 95% CI = 4.594-10.416, P < 0.001), and family history of GC in first-degree relatives (OR = 4.291, 95% CI = 1.661-11.084, P = 0.003) were significantly correlated with the occurrence of GC. Subgroup analyses by age and gender indicated that GC risk was still increased in the presence of a history of stomach disease. A history of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, or gastric polyposis was positively associated with GC, with adjusted ORs of 4.155 (95% CI = 2.711-6.368), 1.839 (95% CI = 1.028-3.288), and 2.752 (95% CI = 1.197-6.326).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Subjects who smoke, drink, with history of stomach disease and family history of GC in first-degree relatives are the high-risk populations for GC. Therefore, attention should be paid to these subjects for GC screening.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Overweight , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/etiology
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1470-1477, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887080

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the overexpression dopamine (DA) due to the use of addictive drugs has caused concern and urgently needs to be addressed. The method used in our study is known as biomimetic sol-gel synthesis. We undertook the experiment to develop molecularly imprinted xerogel polymers (MIXPs) through template molecules dopamine polymerized with polyethyleneimine (PEI), then self-assembled and crosslinked with tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) in the form of non-covalent hydrogen bonds by using biomimetic sol-gel process, and then eluted template DA will leave a blotting site. Monoamine oxidase immobilized MIXPs (MAO-MIXPs) was obtained by coating monoamine oxidase onto MIXPs. The synthesis optimization of MAO-MIXPs was finally set as the ratio of DA template, PEI and MAO coating (DA 40 mg, PEI 0.6 mL, MAO 2.5 mg·g-1) to achieve highly selective adsorption toward DA in artificial cerebrospinal fluid based on the adsorption performance and degradation performance. The micromorphologies and physical-chemical properties of MAO-MIXPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimeter and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and then amount of adsorption was calculated with adsorption equation. Simultaneously, the Brunner-Emmet-Teller (BET) and Langmuir model were simulated. It was found that the adsorption behavior tended to be monolayer adsorption. This new molecularly imprinted polymer demonstrated potential dopamine expression regulation for highly selective recognition, adsorption and degradation of dopamine.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883634

ABSTRACT

At present, the clinical skills training process for ultrasound medicine professional postgraduates is still facing many problems, such as inadequate guidance from tutors, little accumulation of clinical knowledge and practice, not solid basic ultrasonic skills, imperfect assessment system, and disconnection between scientific research and clinical practice. Analyzing the cause of problems, combining with the characteristics of ultrasound medicine and our experience in the clinical skills training process, we have put forward targeted solutions, such as building a complete and efficient training team, attaching importance to rotation and cultivation of relevant clinical departments, realizing teaching objectives by different levels and stages, establishing a perfect management, supervision and assessment system, paying attention to the combination of clinical and scientific research ability, so as to improve the quality and efficiency of clinical skills training process of ultrasound medicine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop evaluation index system of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Model of esophageal speech training for Otolaryngology nurse, which can provide an initial tool to evaluate the effect of esophageal speech training for Otolaryngology nurse.Methods:Based on the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Model and literature research, the initial dimensions and items were developed. The evaluation index system was completed by Delphi technique that 23 experts were invited to evaluate the importance of the dimensions and items in the consulting round. Then the weight value of the index system was computed through analytic hierarchy.Results:For the first and second rounds of the study, respectively, the recovery rates were 78.26% and 100.00%, the expert authority were 0.85 and 0.86, and the Kendall′s W were 0.16 and 0.19 ( P<0.05). Finally, the index system contained 3 dimensions and 30 items. Conclusions:The evaluation index system has the possible scientificity and reliability, and has the feasible thoery and content. In the future, the evaluation index system can be used to evaluate the effect of esophageal speech training for Otolaryngology nurse through the clinical practice improvement.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1917-1922, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the different subtypes caused by c.721C>T substitution in the exon 7 of the ABO gene, and to investigate the related molecular mechanism of different antigens expression.@*METHODS@#ABO subtypes in 7 samples were identified by standard serological methods. The exons 6, 7, and adjacent intron of ABO gene were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and the PCR products were analyzed by direct DNA sequencing and cloning sequencing.@*RESULTS@#ABO subtypes phenotypes were A@*CONCLUSION@#c.721C>T substitution in the ABO gene causes p.Arg241Trp exchange resulting in the decreasing of GTA or GTB activities and weaker antigen expression. O.01.07 is a null allele which cannot form a functional catalytic enzyme has no effect on A


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Exons , Genotype , Mutation, Missense
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effects of Chinese medicine (CM) involving triple rehabilitation therapy on the progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 722 patients recruited from 38 community health service centers located in China from March 2013 to March 2017 were randomly divided into treatment and control groups equally, using a cluster randomization design. Health education combined with CM involving triple rehabilitation therapy for KOA (electro-acupuncture, Chinese medicinal herb fumigating-washing, and traditional exercises) was administered in the treatment group while conventional rehabilitation therapy (physical factor therapy, joint movement training, and muscle strength training) was administered in the control group. Patients with a visual analog scale (VAS) scores ≽4 were treated with dispersible meloxicam tablets (7.5 mg, once daily). The Lequesne index scores, VAS scores, range of motion (ROM), lower limb muscle strength, knee joint circumference, quantitative scores of KOA symptoms, and the short-form 36 item health survey questionnaire (SF-36) scores were measured for each patient at 5 checkpoints (before treatment, at the 2nd week and the 4th week during the 4-week treatment period, at 1 month and 3 months after end of treatment), and adverse reactions were observed also.@*RESULTS@#A total of 696 patients completed the entire process, with 351 in the treatment group and 345 in the control group. At all treatment checkpoints, the treatment group demonstrated better outcomes than the control group with regard to the total Lequesne index scores, effective rate and improvement rate of the total Lequesne index scores, VAS scores, lower limb muscle strength, knee circumference, quantitative scores of KOA symptoms, and SF-36 scores as well (P<0.05 or P<0.01). No adverse reactions were encountered in this study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CM involving triple rehabilitation therapy can alleviate KOA-related pain and swelling, improve lower limb muscle strength, promote flexion and activity of the knee and improve the quality of life in patients undergoing KOA. It is suitable for patients with early or mid-stage KOA. (Registration No. ChiCTR-TRC-12002538).


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Outpatients , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921670

ABSTRACT

As a local variety of medicinal material, Citri Trifoliatae Fructus is widely used in many places, whereas its harvest time remains unclear. Therefore, studying its harvest time can make more reasonable use of this medicinal material. In this study, we determined the flavonoids content and compared the color of Citri Trifoliatae Fructus harvested in different time, aiming to guide the harvest of this medicinal material. The fresh fruits of Citrus trifoliata were collected from Xinxiang city, Henan province, graded according to the diameter range, and then dried. The contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin in Citri Trifoliatae Fructus were determined by HPLC, and the color values of the samples were detected by electronic eye. The correlation analysis of the obtained data was carried out to explore the relationships of color and diameter with quality. The results showed that the contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin varied significantly in different harvest time, within the ranges of 0.21-1.20, 2.21-11.59, and 3.73-23.16 mg·g~(-1), respectively. With the delay of harvest time, Citri Trifoliatae Fructus showed the color changing from green to yellow, gradually increased diameter, and gradually decreased contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin. The contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin were negatively correlated with the degree of red and green(a~*) and positively correlated with the degree of yellow and blue(b~*). The contents of naringen and poncirin had significantly negative correlations with the diameter. This study indicates that the quality of Citri Trifoliatae Fructus can be judged by its diameter and skin color, which provides a theoretical basis for the rational harvest of this medicinal material.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electronics , Fruit , Technology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921642

ABSTRACT

This study intends to develop a high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection(HPLC-DAD) method for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl-3-hydroxyl-1-butene-4-O-β-D-(6″-O-caffeoyl)-glucopyranoside, pubescenoside B, huazhongilexone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C in Ilex hainanensis. The HPLC conditions are as follows: Waters XBridge C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), mobile phase of 0.5% formic acid in water(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution(0-8 min, 5%-12% B; 8-18 min, 12%-18% B; 18-30 min, 18%-25% B; 30-40 min, 25%-30% B; 40-42 min, 30%-80% B; 42-45 min, 80% B) at the flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), detection wavelengths of 282, 324, and 360 nm, column temperature of 25 ℃, and injection volume of 5 μL. The content of the 8 phenols in 8 samples was 0.30-6.29, 0.29-3.27, 0.15-10.4, 0.51-5.85, 0.49-9.02, 0.51-4.68, 1.93-13.4, and 0.87-5.95 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Moreover, the content of phenols in the samples collected in October was higher than that of samples harvested in other months. The established method is accurate and sensitive for the determination of phenols in I. hainanensis, which is useful for the quality improvement of this herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ilex , Phenols
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