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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of detecting MC B/P in PB by FCM for EBV+PTLD screening.Methods:481 patients with fever and large lymph nodes after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ALLO-SCT) in Ludaopi Hospital from 2018 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The results of post-transplantation days, viral load (EBV, CMV) and MCB/P were detected. To evaluate the value of MC B/P in the diagnosis of PTLD by the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive. Logistic regression was used to analyze the clinical influencing factors of EBV-associated PTLD. The median fellow-up time was 449 days (range: 184 days to 700 days).Results:The diagnosis of PTLD was established in 51 patients. 55 patients who detecting MC B/P by FCM were positive. There were significant differences between the PTLD negative and positive groups in lymph node enlargement, age, EBV, CMV, monoclonal B cells, and monoclonal plasma cells ( P<0.05). Monoclonal plasma, monoclonal B and days after transplantation are important relationship with the diagnosis of PTLD, which have good diagnostic value for EBV-associated PTLD. Conclusion:FCM screening peripheral blood MC B/P has good diagnostic performance for EBV-associated PTLD. Monoclonal B, monoclonal plasma and the number of days of PTLD after transplantation were correlated with EBV-associated PTLD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907930

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with bronchial Dieulafoy disease treated in Wuhan Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, was analyzed retrospectively.The patient was a 9-month-old boy, who was admitted to hospital due to " intermittent hematemesis vomiting blood for 6 hours" . Chest CT suggested ground-glass opacity in both lungs.Electronic bronchoscopy showed that the neoplasm bulged into the lumen at the opening of the right inferior lobar bronchus, and fresh blood oozed from the basal segment of the neoplasm during the operation.Bronchial arteriography and transcatheter bronchial artery embolization were performed due to recurrent hemoptysis, during which the patient was diagnosed with bronchial arterial vascular malformation and finally diagnosed with bronchial Dieulafoy disease after consulting the relevant literatures.The disease is infrequent and characterized by rupture hemorrhage of bronchial submucosal malformed artery, the etiology and pathogenesis of which are still unclear, and it may be related to congenital vascular malformation in children.Bronchoscopy for hemoptysis of unknown cause in children should be performed with caution.If small and smooth protruded nodular lesions are seen under the bronchoscope, the bronchial Dieulafoy disease should be considered, and the lesions should not be touched too much or subjected to biopsy blindly.Fatal massive hemorrhage can be avoided by bronchial arteriography and bronchial artery embolization.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of Siwu paste on the bone marrow hematopoietic function of aplastic anemia (AA) model rats. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, positive drug (Fufang E'jiao Jiang 10.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, high-dose Siwu paste (22.68 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group and low-dose Siwu paste (5.67 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group. Acetophenazine (APH) combined with cyclophosphamide (CTX) injection was used to establish the aplastic anemia rat model. The administration groups were given the corresponding drugs (<italic>ig</italic>) for 15 consecutive days. The levels of white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT) and platelets (PLT) in peripheral blood cells of rats were detected, thymus and spleen indexes were calculated and compared. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin-3 (IL-3) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rat serum. The pathological changes of bone marrow were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining. Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) methods were used to detect Toll receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) protein and gene expression in rat femoral bone marrow cells. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT and PLT levels of the model group were significantly reduced, the thymus index was significantly decreased, the spleen index was significantly increased, the serum IL-3 level was significantly decreased, and the IL-6 level was significantly increased. The number of neutrophils and megakaryocytes in the femoral bone marrow was reduced, and the medullary cavity was filled with edema fibrofatty tissue. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein and mRNA in bone marrow cells were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of WBC, RBC, HCT and PLT in peripheral blood cells of rats in the high-dose Siwu paste group increased, the thymus index increased, the spleen index decreased, the IL-3 level was significantly increased, the IL-6 level was significantly decreased, the pathological morphology of femoral bone marrow was slightly improved, and the expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein and mRNA in bone marrow cells decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Siwu paste may improve the bone marrow hematopoietic function of rats with aplastic anemia by regulating the expression of the bone marrow inflammation signal pathway TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review the effectiveness of pediatric wheelchairs on the function of children with disabilities. Methods:Literatures about clinical application of pediatric wheelchairs were researched from the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, EBSCO (CINAHL), CNKI, Wanfang Database and VIP Database, till February, 2021. The clinical application effectiveness of pediatric wheelchairs was extracted and analyzed by inductive approach. Results:A total of ten case studies, one randomized controlled study and one cohort study were included, and quality assessment showed low quality. There were different types of pediatric wheelchairs for all ages over twelve months and different disease types of children, mostly for cerebral palsy. The review showed that pediatric wheelchairs mainly improved the motor function of disabled children, promoted the development of cognitive functions, and improved activities and participation abilities. The wheelchairs could be individually adapted to manual wheelchairs, electric wheelchairs and smart wheelchairs, according to the individual conditions of the children, with additional postural support devices for adaptive transformation. Conclusion:Pediatric wheelchairs can be used to improve the function and quality of life of children with disabilities. Although functional rehabilitation effects of pediatric wheelchairs have shown a promising trend, most of the current studies are case reports, and there is a lack of high-quality clinical control studies, and the unified adaptation standard has not been established yet.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888168

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic the-rapy in treating hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) patients compared with minimally invasive surgery or basic treatment. In this study, the four Chinese databases, the four English databases, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and ClinicalTrail.gov, all above were systematically and comprehensively retrieved from the time of database establishment to September 10, 2020. Rando-mized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria established in advanced. The methodological quality of included studies was evaluated by the tool named "Cochrane bias risk assessment 6.1". Meta-analysis of the included studies was performed using RevMan 5.4, and the quality of outcome indicators was evaluated by the GRADE system. Finally, 17 studies were included, involving 1 852 patients with HICH, and the overall quality of the included studies was not high. According to Meta-analysis,(1)CSS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-3.50,95%CI[-4.39,-2.61],P<0.000 01);(2)NIHSS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-4.78,95%CI[-5.55,-4.00],P<0.000 01);(3)the cerebral hematoma volume of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-4.44,95%CI[-5.83,-3.04],P<0.000 01);(4)ADL score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=20.81,95%CI[17.25,24.37],P<0.000 01);(5)the GCS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=2.41,95%CI[1.90,2.91],P<0.000 01). The GRADE system showed an extremely low level of evidence for the above outcome indicators. Adverse reactions were mentioned only in two literatures, with no adverse reactions reported. The available evidence showed that acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy had a certain efficacy in patients of HICH compared with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy. However, due to the high risk of bias in the included studies, its true efficacy needs to be verified by more high-quality studies in the future.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/therapy , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888167

ABSTRACT

To overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Xingnaojing Injection(XNJ) in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). The systematic reviews concerning XNJ in the treatment of ICH were retrieved from four Chinese databases, four English databases, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and ClinicalTrail.gov, with the retrieval time set from their inception to September 2020. Following the independent screening and data extraction by two researchers, a measurement tool to assess systematic evaluation 2(AMSTAR 2) and grades of recommendation, assessment, development and evaluation(GRADE) system were used to evaluate the metho-dological, reporting and evidence qualities of the 10 included systematic reviews. The results showed that XNJ was superior to the wes-tern medicine or conventional treatment in improving the effective rate and National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) score, Barthel index(BI), and Glasgow coma scale(GCS) score and Chinese stroke scale(CSS) score, and reducing the mortality and cerebral hematoma volume, without inducing obvious adverse reactions. In general, the methodological, reporting and evidence qualities of the 10 included systematic reviews were poor. The AMSTAR 2 scores showed that key items No. 2 and No. 16 failed to meet the stan-dard, resulting in poor methodological quality. There was only one outcome indicator graded by GRADE as intermediate quality, 43% indicators as low quality, 42% indicators as extremely low quality, and none as high quality. These available evidences have suggested that the methodological, reporting and evidence qualities of the systematic evaluation concerning XNJ for the treatment of ICH need to be improved. Most evidences support that XNJ was better than the western medicine or conventional treatment in the treatment of ICH, but the methodological quality and the reliability of outcome indicators in relevant systematic review were low. More high-quality studies are still required for further verification.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Systematic Reviews as Topic , United States
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888164

ABSTRACT

The study aims to analyze the outcome indicators of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) in recent three years, and thus provide suggestions for the future studies in this field. Four English databases, four Chinese databases and two online registration websites of clinical trials were searched. The RCTs published between January 2018 and September 2020 were screened. The risk of bias was assessed and outcome measures were classified. A total of 151 839 articles were retrieved, of which 44 RCTs were included for analysis after screening. The outcome measures of the included RCTs were classified into 7 categories, among which the symptoms/signs category showed the highest reporting rate. National Institute of Health stroke scale(72.73%) was the most frequently reported outcome indicator, while the vo-lume of intracerebral hemorrhage determined by computerized tomography(36.36%) was the most frequently reported lab test outcome. Most studies collect the outcomes at the end of treatment, while 9 studies reported long-term outcomes 3 months or more after onset. Compared with those of international clinical trials, the application of some of the outcomes was reasonable, focusing on patients' symptoms, quality of life and objective outcomes. However, there were still several problems: unclear primary and secondary outcome measures, insufficient attention to long-term prognosis, insufficient attention to social function, few TCM outcomes, lack of measurement blindness and the use of unreasonable composite outcomes. It is recommended that researchers should rationally design the outcome indicators of clinical trials and develop the core outcome set.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888036

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid in treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, four Chinese databases, four English databases, clinical trials registration center(ClinicalTrials.gov) and Chinese clinical trial registry were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to September 9, 2020. According to the set criteria, the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.4.1 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. Eleven studies were finally included, with a total sample size of 1 221 cases, 612 cases in the treatment group and 609 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine had no significant difference compare with conventional Western medicine in reducing National Institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) after 2 weeks of treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(MD=-1.59,95%CI[-3.46,0.29],P=0.10), but was superior to conventional Western medicine after 30 d of treatment(MD=-1.16,95%CI [-1.39,-0.94],P<0.000 01). Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine in improving Glasgow coma scale(MD=1.00,95%CI[0,2.00],P=0.05) and reducing the incidence of secondary brain insults(RR=0.38,95%CI[0.24,0.59],P<0.000 1), but there was no significant difference in increasing Barthel index(MD=1.00,95%CI[-0.30,2.30],P=0.13). In terms of effective rate, studies using Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines, NHISS or Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) had shown that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine(RR_(Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines)=1.27,95%CI[1.10,1.46],P=0.001;RR_(NHISS)=1.26,95%CI[1.13,1.40],P<0.000 1;RR_(GOS)=1.54,95%CI[1.22,1.93],P=0.000 2). In reduction of hematoma volume, Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment(MD_(2 week)=-2.31,95%CI[-3.12,-1.49],P<0.000 01;MD_(4 week)=-2.04,95%CI[-2.41,-1.68],P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. In terms of adverse reactions, two of the included studies reported mild adverse reactions, and the rest of studies were not mentioned, so this study was not able to make a positive evaluation of the safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid. This study showed that compared with conventional Western medicine, combined Naoxueshu Oral Liquid may be better for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the high bias risk in the included studies, more large-sample and high-quality RCTs are still needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs , Stroke
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To visualize the research hot spots and frontiers of non-surgical treatments for idiopathic scoliosis (IS) based on CiteSpace.Methods:The Web of Science Core Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from 1990 to 2020 were searched for studies of non-surgical treatments of idiopathic scoliosis. The time, distributions of nations, institutions, academic disciplines and keywords of literature were analyzed. With CiteSpace 5.7.R4 and Excel 2017, the visualized knowledge graphs and the data tables were generated.Results:A total of 822 studies including 548 articles in English and 274 articles in Chinese were retrieved, including 378 articles published during 2015—2020. The top three nations with higher number of published articles were USA (114 studies), Canada (77 studies) and China (68 studies). Studies covered 33 disciplines, including rehabilitation, engineering and orthopedics, and the betweenness centrality of rehabilitation medicine was the highest (0.59). The non-surgical treatment research was focused on adolescents (187 studies) and brace treatment (116 studies). From 1990 to 2014, the non-surgical treatment of IS mainly focused on the brace treatment (70.4%,69/98) in domestic studies. After 2014, comprehensive treatments such as exercise therapy and manual therapy gradually became the research trend in this field (61.3%,92/150). Research hotspots included different forms of brace treatment (betweenness centrality: 0.31), exercise (6 studies), manual therapy (3 studies), guide of medicine (2 studies), acupuncture therapy (2 studies) of non-surgical treatments. Among top 30 research institutions for domestic publication of Chinese literature, there were 22 tertiary hospitals, 1 secondary hospital, 5 schools, 1 comprehensive rehabilitation service organization, and 1 community health service center.Conclusion:The research content of non-surgical treatment for idiopathic scoliosis tends to be diversified, comprehensive treatment of exercise therapy, brace therapy, and manual therapy are currently the main research hotspots.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 395-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878570

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. At present, the in vivo model and traditional cell culture are mainly used in breast cancer researches. However, as high as 90% clinical trials are failed for drugs explored by the above two methods, due to the inherent species differences between humans and animals, as well as the differences in the tissue structure between organs and cells. Therefore, organoid three-dimensional culture is emerging. As a new tumor research model, organoid, a three-dimensional cell complex with spatial structure, has broad application prospects, such as precision medicine, organ transplantation, establishment of refractory disease model, gene therapy and drug research and development. Therefore, organoid is considered as one of the ideal carriers for life science research in the future. Breast cancer, a heterogeneous disease with complex phenotypes, has a low survival rate. Breast cancer organoid can reproduce many key features of human breast cancer, thus, the construction of organoid biological library of breast cancer will provide a new platform for studying the occurrence, development, metastasis and drug resistance mechanism of breast cancer. In this review, we systematically introduce the culture conditions of organoids and their application in breast cancer related research, and the application prospect of organoids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Culture Techniques , Female , Humans , Organoids , Precision Medicine , Research
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Molar , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , Rats , Th17 Cells , Tooth Movement Techniques
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy of integrative medicine on congenital muscular torticollis. Methods:From October, 2017 to September, 2019, 80 children with congenital muscular torticollis were divided into group 1 (n = 40) and group 2 (n = 40) according to different treatment schemes. Group 1 received comprehensive physiotherapy, including passive stretching, head control training, posture correction and family rehabilitation. Group 2 received Tuina in addition. Before and six months after treatment, the root mean square (RMS) of surface electromyography of bilateral sternocleidomastoid muscles in supine neutral position, neck rotation and stretch, and the range of motion of passive neck rotation and lateral flexion, and the angle of head deviation from the midline to the affected side were compared. Results:Before treatment, the RMS of sternocleidomastoid muscle in each position was lower in the affected side than in the healthy side (P < 0.01), and the range of motion of neck when lateral flexion to the healthy side and rotation to the affected side was less than that of the other side (P < 0.01) in both groups; however, no significant difference was found between two groups (P > 0.05). After treatment, the RMS of EMG of sternocleidomastoid muscle in each position, and the range of motion of neck when lateral flexion to the healthy side and rotation to the affected side improved (|t| > 3.290, P < 0.01) in both groups, and were better in group 2 than in group 1 (t > 2.401, P < 0.05); the angle of head deviation from the midline to the affected side significantly decreaed (t > 15.075, P < 0.001) in both groups, and was significantly less in group 2 than in group 1 (t = -4.971, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Integrative medicine is effective on infant with congenital muscular torticollis, which is superior to comprehensive physiotherapy only.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 928-932, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the characteristics of liver damage in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in Sichuan area and the effect of antiviral drugs on liver function.Methods:The clinical data of severe COVID-19 patients admitted to Chengdu Public Health Clinical Medical Center from January 21 to February 24, 2020 were retrospectively collected, including demographic data, clinical manifestations and liver function changes within 1 week after admission to intensive care unit (ICU). The changes of liver function during the course of disease in severe COVID-19 patients were analyzed and summarized, and group analysis was performed.Results:A total of 30 COVID-19 patients with complete clinical data were enrolled. The incidence of severe COVID-19 in elderly men was higher (60.0%), with median age of 61 (47, 79) years old, and those aged 80 or above accounted for 23.3%. The severe COVID-19 patients mainly presented with respiratory symptoms such as fever (96.7%), cough (80.0%) and dyspnea (66.7%). The alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil) and prothrombin time (PT) of 30 patients were increased to various degrees within 1 week after ICU admission, and albumin (ALB) was decreased. ① The patients were divided into two groups according to whether to take lopinavir/ritonavir (kaletra). It was shown that the incidence of liver dysfunction in patients taking kaletra was significantly higher than those who did not take kaletra (7-day abnormal rate of ALT was 54% vs. 33%, the abnormal rate of AST was 38% vs. 33%, the abnormal rate of TBil was 8% vs. 0%), but there were no statistical differences (all P > 0.05). ② The patients were divided into normal dose group (500 mg, twice a day, n = 19) and reduced dose group (250 mg, twice a day, n = 5) according to the dosage of kaletra. It was shown that patients taking low-dose kaletra had a smaller effect on liver function within 1 week after ICU admission than those receiving normal dosage, and ALB, TBil in the reduced dose group were significantly lower than those in the normal dose group on the 2nd day after ICU admission [ALB (g/L): 33.3±2.0 vs. 37.5±4.0, TBil (μmol/L): 6.3±3.3 vs. 11.3±4.8, both P < 0.05]. Conclusions:Severe COVID-19 patients in Sichuan area suffered obvious liver damage in the early course of the disease and have a slower recovery. It is important to pay attention to avoid using drugs that can aggravate liver damage while treating the disease. If there is no alternative drug, liver protection treatment should be considered appropriately.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734841

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the surface electromyographic (sEMG) characteristics of bilateral stemocleidomastoid muscles in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) after rehabilitation.Methods One hundred and twenty two infants were enrolled from Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine between January 2013 and December 2015,including 63 cases receiving rehabilitation (treatment group) and 59 cases without rehabilitation (control group).The sEMG parameters of bilateral sternocleidomastoid muscles in cervical neutral,left and right rotation and stretching posture in the supine position were retrospectively collected before and after treatment/follow-up;and the root mean square (RMS) was analyzed.Results Before treatment,the RMS values of the affected side in cervical neutral position,cervical rotation and stretching posture were significantly lower than those of the unaffected side in both groups(t=15.758 and 11.950,4.871 and 4.746,4.142 and 4.318,P<0.01).In the follow-up for control group,the RMS values of the affected side in cervical neutral position,cervical rotation and stretching posture were significantly lower than those of the unaffected side (t=10.692,2.198 and 3.239;P<0.01,=0.03 and <0.01).In the treatment group there were no significant differences in the RMS values in cervical neutral position,cervical rotation and stretching posture between affected side and unaffected side after treatment(t=1.647,1.090 and 0.136,P=0.10,0.28 and 0.89).Conclusion Rehabilitation reduces the difference of the RMS values between the affected and unaffected sternocleidomastoid muscles in infants with CMT.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745877

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota is composed of trillions of microorganisms inhabiting in the human gastrointestinal tract,profoundly influences many aspects of host physiology.The roles of gut microbiota have been investigated extensively in the gastrointestinal,endocrine,neurological,cardiovascular and immune systems.This article reviews the recent research progress on the function of microbes in healthy organisms,the common research methods for microbiota,and the roles of microbiota in rheumatic immune diseases.It is expected that gut microbiota would be a novel target of clinical diagnosis and treatment for rheumatic immune diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu Formula (ZGJTJYF, the Chinese Medicine) on hippocampal neuron apoptosis in diabetes mellitus complicated with depression (DD).@*METHODS@#The primary cultured hippocampal neurons were treated with high glucose (150 mmol/L) and corticosterone (200 micromol/L) to establish the cell model of DD in vitro. The cultured hippocampal neurons were randomly divided into five groups: blank serum group, normal group, Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu recipe drug-containing serum group, positive drug (metformin + fluoxetine) drug-containing serum group and model group (three compound holes in each group). The model group and the normal group were given the same amount of culture medium, and the other groups were given the corresponding serum with 10% volume fraction for 18 hours. Hoechst staining, high content cell imaging and RT-PCR were used to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons and the expressions of apoptosis-related ETS-like 1 transcription factor(ELK-1), C-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) and c-Fos proteins and genes.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the apoptotic number of hippocampal neurons in the model group was increased significantly, and the expression levels of ELK-1, JNK and c-Fos were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the local bright spots of hippocampal neurons in the Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu recipe-containing serum group and the positive drug-containing serum group were decreased significantly, and the number of apoptotic cells was decreased significantly. The expressions of JNK, c-fos protein and mRNA were down-regulated significantly (P< 0.05), and the neural network and dendritic junction were improved significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#Zuo Gui Jiang Tang Jie Yu Formula can reverse the expressions of ELK-1, JNK and c-Fos signals in hippocampal neurons under DD environment and play an anti-apoptotic effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Depression , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Complications , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , MAP Kinase Kinase 4 , Neurons , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Random Allocation , Rats , ets-Domain Protein Elk-1
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773681

ABSTRACT

To further investigate the metabolism of Tripterygium wilfordii and Paeonia lactiflora micro-emulsion gel in vivo,an LCMS/MS method was established for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii and P. lactiflora micro-emulsion gel.The extracorporeal recovery rate of blood probe was measured by concentration difference methods( incremental method and decremental method). Meanwhile,the skin and blood micro-dialysis methods of tripterine and paeoniflorin were established,and the pharmacokinetics of T. wilfordii microemulsion gel in skin and blood was studied by micro-dialysis combined with LC-MS/MS quantitative analysis. The results showed that the established method for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii microemulsion gel was well linear within the required range,and the specificity,recovery rate and degree of precision of the chromatography all conformed to the research requirements of micro-dialysis samples. The stability of freeze-thawing and the residual effect all conformed to the criteria of biological sample methodology. The probe recovery rates measured by incremental method and decremental method were almost consistent with the extracorporeal recovery rate test. The recovery rates of paeoniflorin in skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 30. 60±1. 09) % and( 28. 01± 1. 75) %,respectively. And the recovery rates of skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 26. 79 ± 2. 78) % and( 25. 39±1. 86) %,respectively. The intraday recovery rate of probes was stable within 11 h. The results of pharmacokinetic study showed that the Cmaxvalues of triptolide in skin and blood were( 148. 03±41. 51) and( 76. 77±15. 27) μg·L-1,respectively. And the Tmaxvalues were( 2. 33±0. 29) and( 3. 00± 0) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 2 814. 05± 1 070. 37) and( 1 580. 63±208. 27) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 20± 0. 33) and( 4. 54± 0. 34) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 4. 61±4. 11) and( 1. 07± 0. 13) h,respectively. The Cmaxvalues of paeoniflorin in skin and blood were( 991. 88 ± 152. 22) and( 407. 02±120. 06) μg·L-1,respectively. The Tmaxvalues were( 2. 00±0) h and( 2. 83±0. 29) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 18 430. 27±3 289. 35) and( 6 338. 59 ± 1 659. 32) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 29 ± 0. 16) and( 4. 00±0. 05) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 2. 16±0. 43) and( 1. 78±0. 48) h,respectively. The results suggested that micro-emulsion gel played a role in forming skin reservoir through percutaneous penetration. It not only could improve drug transdermal efficiency,but also control the sustained release of drug and form a long-term effect.


Subject(s)
Blood , Metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Emulsions , Gels , Humans , Paeonia , Chemistry , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tripterygium , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773236

ABSTRACT

Tanshinones are abietane-type norditerpenoid quinones that make up the main bioactive ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza. Cytochrome CYP450 plays an important role in the post-structural modification of tanshinone biosynthesis pathway. Long non-coding RNA( lncRNA) have been defined as transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides,which have been functionally characterized in regulating the growth and development,secondary metabolism and stress of medicinal plants. In this study,we perform a comprehensive identification of lncRNAs in response to tanshinone metabolism induced by yeast extract( YE) and Ag~+ S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots. Deep RNA sequencing was used to identify a set of different 8 942 lncRNAs,of which 6 755 were intergenic lncRNAs. We predicted a total of 1 115 814 lncRNA-coding gene pairs,including 122 lncRNA-coding gene as cis pairs. The correlation analysis between lncRNA and CYP450 related to tanshinone biosynthesis was carried out and a total of 16 249 lncRNA-CYP450 target gene pairs were identified. Further analysis with functional known CYP76 AH1,CYP76 AH3 and CYP76 AK1 involved in tanshinone biosynthesis,we also identified a set of 216 target genes. These candidate genes will be the important target in the downstream regulation mechanism analysis of the tanshinone biosynthesis pathway.


Subject(s)
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Abietanes , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Roots , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics , RNA, Plant , Genetics , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817905

ABSTRACT

Social communication disorders and language disorders are commonly found in children with autism spectrum disorders,and it is also one of the indicators for assessing the severity of the syndrome. This study analyzed the characteristics of language difficulties and social communication disorders in children with ASD. Then,seven evidence-based treatment methods of language rehabilitation for children with ASD were introduced,including Comprehensive Behavioral Treatment for Young Children,Pivotal Response Treatment,Natural Teaching Strategies,Language Training(Production),Scripting,Story-based Interventions and Social Skills Package. The interventions recommended by American Speech-LanguageHearing Association(ASHA) were also introduced. It is of great significance to provide the early intervention of language disorders for children with ASD. Community-based and family-based intervention models should be promoted,and parent training should be actively carried out,so that children with ASD can obtain language rehabilitation during the critical period of language learning.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 141-145, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664568

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of chronic corticos-terone injection on anxiety and depression-like behavior of tree shrews, evaluate the predictability of drug and establish a novel animal model of anxious depression .Methods Twelve Chinese and Burma tree shrews were randomly divided into normal group, model group and venlafaxine group .The anxious depres-sion model of tree shrew was established by chronic corticoster-one injection ( ih, 27 mg· kg-1 , 21 d) .The venlafaxine group received intragastric administration (6 mg· kg-1).Autonomous activity score, sugar water preference test and Morris water maze test were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression-like behav-ior of tree shrews .The expressions of CRH , ACTH and COR in the tree shrew plasma were determined by Elisa kit .The con-tents of monoamine neurotransmitters of tree shrews in the hippo-campus , amygdala and prefrontal cortex were detected by HPLC-ECD.Results Compared with the normal group , the autono-mous activity score , sugar water partial eclipse degree and the learning and memory ability significantly decreased (P<0.01), while the contents of CRH , ACTH and COR significantly in-creased ( P<0.05) , and the contents of 5-HT, NE and DA in the hippocampus , amygdala and prefrontal cortex declined in the model group(P<0.05).In the venlafaxine group, the learning and memory abilities of the tree shrews were improved , the lev-els of CRH and COR in plasma were significantly decreased ( P<0.05), and the contents of 5-HT, NE and DA were increased (P<0.05).Conclusions The tree shrews of anxious depres-sion have obvious HPA axis hyperactivity and monoamine neuro-transmitter disorder , and venlafaxine can reverse this phenome-non, indicating that the tree shrews model of anxious depression has drug predictability , which is a kind of novel animal model of anxious depression closer to human in clinic .

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