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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 17-23, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006504

ABSTRACT

@#The article titled "The global burden of lung cancer: Current status and future trends" which is recently published in Nature Reviews Cinical Oncology has provided a detailed analysis of the current global status of lung cancer. This article focuses on the global burden of lung cancer, risk factors, related prevention, control measures and treatment progress. Based on the current situation of lung cancer in the world, this paper analyzes the current situation of lung cancer in China, and briefly interprets the key points of prevention as well as control measures in the article.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1499-1506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997060

ABSTRACT

@#The tyrosine kinase activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a key role in tumor cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and drug resistance. Studies have shown that non-small cell lung cancer patients with somatic driver gene EGFR mutations are sensitive to and can benefit from EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Nevertheless, EGFR-TKIs-related adverse events should not be ignored. Common adverse events such as diarrhea, acne-like rash and paronychia are usually manageable; although the incidence of interstitial lung disease is low, once it occurs, it is a serious threat to patients' life, and its pathogenesis is still unclear. There is very limited animal experimental and clinical research evidence on the potential mechanism of EGFR-TKIs-related interstitial lung disease in the available literature. Based on this, this article reviews the association between EGFR-TKIs and interstitial lung disease, at the same time, also discusses the research progress of EGFR-TKIs-related interstitial lung disease in combination with cytotoxic drugs or immunotherapeutic drugs and EGFR-TKIs, in order to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of EGFR-TKIs-related interstitial lung disease in clinical practice in the future.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1251-1260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996955

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To construct a prognostic model of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) based on immune checkpoint-related genes and explore the potential relationship between these genes and the tumor microenvironment (TME). Methods     The transcriptome sequencing data and clinical information of immune checkpoint genes of samples from GSE53625 in GEO database were collected. The difference of gene expression between ESCC and normal paracancerous tissues was evaluated, and the drug sensitivity of differentially expressed genes in ESCC was analyzed. We then constructed a risk model based on survival-related genes and explored the prognostic characteristics, enriched pathway, immune checkpoints, immune score, immune cell infiltration, and potentially sensitive drugs of different risk groups. Results    A total of 358 samples from 179 patients were enrolled, including 179 ESCC samples and 179 corresponding paracancerous tissues. There were 33 males and 146 females, including 80 patients≤60 years and 99 patients>60 years. 39 immune checkpoint genes were differentially expressed in ESCC, including 14 low expression genes and 25 high expression genes. Drug sensitivity analysis of 8 highly expressed genes (TNFRSF8, CTLA4, TNFRSF4, CD276, TNFSF4, IDO1, CD80, TNFRSF18) showed that many compounds were sensitive to these immunotherapy targets. A risk model based on three prognostic genes (NRP1, ICOSLG, HHLA2) was constructed by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator analysis. It was found that the overall survival time of the high-risk group was significantly lower than that of the low-risk group (P<0.001). Similar results were obtained in different ESCC subtypes. The risk score based on the immune checkpoint gene was identified as an independent prognostic factor for ESCC. Different risk groups had unique enriched pathways, immune cell infiltration, TME, and sensitive drugs. Conclusion     A prognostic model based on immune checkpoint gene is established, which can accurately stratify ESCC and provide potential sensitive drugs for ESCC with different risks, thus providing a possibility for personalized treatment of ESCC.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1217-1223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996949

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence rate in men and the highest mortality rate in men and women in China, and the incidence and mortality rates are still increasing. Lung cancer screening is an important initiative for early detection of lung cancer and improvement of prognosis. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) updates the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines for Lung Cancer Screening annually, and the 2023 V2 edition was released in May 2023. The guidelines are based on the latest research advances and high-level evidence-based medical evidence to establish screening criteria for lung cancer, especially for non-small cell lung cancer, which is the most common and highly regarded type of lung cancer, and has received widespread attention from physicians worldwide. In this article, the latest version of the guideline will be interpreted based on China's national situation and Chinese lung cancer screening guidelines, with the aim of providing an updated reference for lung cancer screening in China.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 950-955, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996714

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for perioperative lung surgery patients with SARS‐CoV‐2 Omicron variant infection. Methods     The clinical data of patients who underwent lung surgery at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from December 1, 2022 to January 9, 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into an infection group and a non-infection group according to whether they were infected with SARS-CoV-2. And the clinical data of two groups were collected and compared. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors affecting the time of hospitalization. Results     A total of 70 patients were enrolled in this study, including 36 (51.4%) males and 34 (48.6%) females at a median age of 61.0 (49.0, 66.8) years. There were 28 patients in the infection group and 42 patients in the non-infection group. The proportion of preoperative abnormal coagulation function and the risk of postoperative pulmonary infection in perioperative patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were higher than those in the non-infection group (P<0.05). Subgroup analysis found that patients with preoperative SARS-CoV-2 infection were more likely to have pulmonary infection after surgery, but did not prolong the time of hospitalization or increase the risk of severe disease rate. The patients with postoperative SARS-CoV-2 infection had worse clinical prognosis, including longer time of hospitalization (P=0.004), higher ICU admission rate (P=0.000), higher lung infection rate (P=0.003) and respiratory failure rate (P=0.000). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender and extent of surgery were independent risk factors for prolonged hospitalization time. Conclusion     Preoperative infection with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant will increase the risk of pulmonary infection, but it will not affect the clinical prognosis. However, postoperative infection with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant will still prolong the time of hospitalization, increase the ICU rate, and the risk of pulmonary complications.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 858-866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996631

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the biological characteristics and clinical significance of cuproptosis-related genes in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) based on the multi-omics data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Methods     The cuproptosis-related genes were obtained from a study published in Science in March 2022. The whole genome data were used to reveal the mutation spectrum and copy number variation landscape of cuproptosis-related genes in LUAD and analyze its effects on transcriptome expression. Cuproptosis-related genes were annotated using Metascape analysis to further understand the pathways or functions in which these genes were involved. Subsequent univariate Cox analysis and Kaplan-Meier methods determined the prognosis of these genes in LUAD patients, and CellMiner analysis were used to identify those potential anticancer drugs for potentially targeting cuproptosis-related genes. Results     Cuproptosis-related genes were less frequently mutated in LUAD, and the effect of gene mutations on transcriptomic expression may depend on the type of mutation. Gene copy number variation was an important factor resulting in the disordered expression of cuproptosis-related genes. The 16 cuproptosis-related genes were mainly involved in glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation, copper ion entry, proteolitidylation, cellular amino acid catabolism process, oxidative stress response, etc. Among them, 6 genes (DLD, FDX1, DLAT, DLST, PDHA1, CDKN2A) were prognostic risk genes in LUAD. The CellMiner analysis suggested that 13 drugs were associated with 7 cuproptosis-related genes and they might be potential  anticancer drugs for potentially targeting cuproptosis. Conclusion     This study reveals the biological characteristics and clinical significance of cuproptosis-related genes in LUAD, and provides some reference and theoretical basis for the subsequent research of cuproptosis in cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 660-664, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996477

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is the malignancy with the highest incidence and mortality rate in China. In recent years, the popular use of low-dose computed tomography in the population has led to an increase in the detection rate of pulmonary nodules. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) updated and released the NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology for non-small cell lung cancer (version 2.2023) on February 17, 2023. This article will interpret the main updates of the new guideline and compare it with the domestic lung cancer treatment guidelines, providing new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer for Chinese clinicians.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 9-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013871

ABSTRACT

Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) plays an important role in chromatin remodeling, which in turn regulates gene transcription, so HDAC3 is involved in the pathophysiology of various diseases through epigenetic regulation. Organ ischemia-reperfusion injury (I R I) is a pathophysiological process that leads to the development of a variety of diseases such as delayed neuronal necrosis, irreversible shock, myocardial infarction, acute organ failure and organ transplant rejection. In this paper we review the pathophysiological function of HDAC3 and its role in the development of IRI in human parenchymal organs, and also explore the therapeutic value of HDAC3 in IRI.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2216-2221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013679

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury ( ALI) and its most extreme form a-cute respiratory distress syndrome ( ARDS) are lung diseases with high morbidity and mortality. There is no effective therapeutic intervention until now for its complicated pathophysiologi-cal processes and sophisticated regulatory mechanism. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a family of proteins with deacetylase activity. Studies have shown that HDACs are involved in the pathophysiological processes of ALI/ARDS, including inflammatory responses,endothelial permeability,oxidative stresses,alveolar fluid clearance and lung tissue repairment. Simultaneously, the use of HDACs inhibitors (HDACIs) can interfere with ALI/ ARDS progression. In this review we describe and summarize the pathophysiological processes and the underlying mechanisms in ALI/ARDS regulated by HDACs and HDACIs in detail, in order to provide the basis for the clinical application of HDACs-targe- ted agents and indicate directions for future study.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 59-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971180

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy has shown remarkable success in treating hematological malignancies. However, CAR-T therapy for solid tumors is still limited due to the unique solid-tumor microenvironment and heterogeneous target antigen expression, which leads to an urgent need of combining other therapies. At present, nano delivery system has become one of the most promising directions for the development of anti-tumor drugs. Based on the background of CAR-T and tumor treatment, we focus on the research progress of nanomedicine combined with CAR-T therapy, and systematically review the strategies and examples in recent years in the aspects of in vivo delivery of mRNA, regulation of tumor microenvironment, combination with photothermal therapy. And we also look forward to the future direction of this filed.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Pharmaceutical Preparations/metabolism , Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasms/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Microenvironment , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 338-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982165

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the highest cancer-related mortality rate in the world, and is one of the most common malignancies. The standard treatment for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is radical lobectomy, while recent studies have found that sub-lobectomy of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) is not inferior to lobectomy and even improve the prognosis of the patients. These important findings will effectively and positively promote the formation of consensus and principles of wedge resection of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) in the field of thoracic surgery. The purpose of this study is to present a national expert consensus on wedge resection of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) in the field of thoracic surgery. The experts from Editorial Committee of Consensus on Wedge Resection of Lung Nodules (≤2 cm) (2023 Edition) jointly participated in the revision work. According to the clinical progress about the wedge resection of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) at home and abroad during recent years, experts jointly wrote Wedge Resection of Pulmonary Nodules (≤2 cm): a Consensus Statement by Specialists of Thoracic Surgery (2023 Edition), in combination with the homogeneous treatment principles of wedge resection in the field of thoracic surgery in China. This consensus was summarized from the following aspects: (1) Indications of wedge resection of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm); (2) Resection range of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) required for wedge resection; (3) Excisable pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) for wedge resection. This consensus finally put forward 8 recommended opinions, and sorted out 5 opinions which were still controversial and needed more evidence. The integrated opinions were generated through the discussion held among the experts of thoracic surgery from all over the country, making wedge resection of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm) more appropriate for China and more standardized and homogeneous for clinical practice. In the future, more relevant researches should be accumulated based on the characteristics of lung cancer and its diagnosis and treatment in China, optimizing the treatment of pulmonary nodules (≤2 cm).


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 572-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976141

ABSTRACT

@#Objective ( ) To explore the application value of bone suppression imaging BSI in the diagnosis of occupational ( pneumoconiosis) Methods - pneumoconiosis hereinafter referred to as " " . A total of 330 chest films of high kV digital ( ) radiograph DR of patients with suspected pneumoconiosis were selected by convenient sampling method. BSI is applied to the , , , , chest films and the differences of small opacity shape small opacity aggregation the number of large opacity lung areas small ( ), opacity profusion and diagnostic stage of pneumoconiosis were analyzed by simple DR reading DR group simple BSI reading ( ) ( ) Results BSI group and DR and BSI combined reading combined group . There was no significant difference in the distribution of small shadows and the detection rate of small shadows aggregation and large shadows in pneumoconiosis among ( P ) , the three film reading methods all >0.05 . For the concentration distribution of each lung area there was statistically (P< ), significant difference between the DR group and the BSI group 0.05 but there was no statistically significant difference , ( P ) between the DR group and the combined group and between the BSI group and the combined group all >0.05 . The results of , consistency analysis showed that the DR group and the BSI group and the DR group and the combined group had high ( , P< consistency in the judgment of small shadow intensity in the lung region both weighted Kappa coefficient were 0.75 all ) 0.01 . There was a high consistency between BSI group and DR group and combined group and DR group in the diagnosis of ( , , P< ) , pneumoconiosis stage weighted Kappa coefficient were 0.77 0.79 all 0.01 . Compared with the DR group the diagnostic , rate of pneumoconiosis stage Ⅰwas significantly reduced and the diagnostic rate of pneumoconiosis stage Ⅱ was significantly ( P< ) , increased in the BSI group and the combined group all 0.01 . However there was no significant difference in the diagnosticrate of pneumoconiosis stage Ⅲ >0.05 . Both the BSI reading and DR and BSI combined reading can improve , the display of pneumoconiosis lesions to varying degrees and therefore can improve the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis. In , addition the identification and diagnosis of pneumoconiosis lesions in the BSI reading is comparable to that in the combined , group which has a good application value in the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1452-1456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014222

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury(ALI)is a critical respiratory disorder characterized by progressive respiratory failure with high morbidity and mortality.In addition to respiratory support, ALI still lacks effective medications.Natural polyphenol, a class of natural compounds widely found in human daily food, have been proven to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, regulating cell death, anti-pathogen infection, and exert therapeutic effects on ALI.This article reviews the pathogenesis of ALI and the mechanism of natural polyphenols in the treatment of ALI, aiming to provide a new direction for the treatment of ALI.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 961-964, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014046

ABSTRACT

As a pulmonary complication of diabetes, diabetic pulmonary fibrosis has gradually entered people's sight, but its mechanism is still poorly understood.This is the first systematic review of the mechanisms of autonomic neuropathy, pulmonary microangiopathy, accumulation of advanced glycosylation end products, oxidative stress, inflammation, epithelial-mesenchy- mal transition and endothelial-mesenchymal transition, cell se¬nescence and I)NA damage, etc.in diabetic pulmonary fibrosis.which aims to provide inquiring ideas for exploring the specific molecule mechanism and a reference for the development of ther¬apeutic drugs for diabetic pulmonary fibrosis.,,,,.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 171-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934029

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2, the pathogen of the COVID-19 pandemic, causes serious damage to human health and social stability. In severe COVID-19 cases, the infection triggers cytokine storm, resulting in multi-organ excessive inflammatory responses and even failure, which eventually leads to death. Recent studies have shown the activation of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 can activate NLRP3 inflammasome through several pathways, thereby inducing the release of a large number of pro-inflammatory cytokines. This article reviews the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and the possible molecular mechanisms, and summarizes the progress in targeted inhibition of NLRP3 inflammation, aiming to provide a new strategy for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 88-94, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the construction and mechanism of Mindin gene specific macrophage knockout mice in acute lung injury induced by lung ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI).Methods:Mindin gene knockout mice were constructed by CRE-LOP system, Mice were divided into four groups of C57/B6 wild-type mice sham operation(n=10), C57/B6 mice operation(n=10), Mindin-/-macrophage-specific knockout mice operation(n=10)and C57/B6 mice operation + Mindin recombinant protein intervention(n=10). And lung ischemia-reperfusion injury model was established by clamping pulmonary portal.The effects of Mindin gene knockout and recombinant protein intervention on acute lung injury were observed in vivo and in vitro.t-test and ANOVA test were employed for data processing.Results:Mindin gene macrophage specific knockout mice was successfully constructed.Surgery(Mindin-/-)group significantly reduced pulmonary edema, release of inflammatory factors(IL1β: 2.73±0.19 vs. 5.81±0.61; IL-18: 6.52±0.63 vs. 11.03±0.34; TNF-α 2.18±0.14 vs. 4.76±0.20; HMGB1: 4.57±0.33 vs. 8.76±0.87), expression of NLRP3(2.07±0.27 vs. 4.91±0.22)and secretion of GSDMD(2.78±0.37 vs. 5.78±0.29)as compared with surgery group in vivo.In surgery(WT)+ Mindin group, the expression of lung IRI, inflammatory factors and cell pyroptosis were opposite, And the results were consistent in vitro and in vivo.As compared with surgery group, the above parameters were up-regulated in surgery(WT)+ Mindin protein group.And inter-group differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). In vitro, the expressions of NLRP3(1.00±0.36, 0.41±0.06, 4.13±0.23), GSDMD(1.00±0.17, 0.34±0.16, 6.32±0.46)and integrin β4(1.00±0.11, 0.28±0.07, 3.53±0.17)were detected in different groups including hypoxia-recovery oxygen(HR), HR+ Mindin siRNA and HR+ Mindin protein groups in macrophage cell line(J774A); As compared with HR group, the above parameters were up-regulated in HR+ Mindin protein group and down-regulated in HR+ Mindin siRNA group.And the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). The expressions of NLRP3(1.00±0.07, 1.13±0.11, 0.51±0.14)and GSDMD(1.00±0.09, 0.87±0.16, 0.37±0.12)were detected in Mindin, Mindin protein+ vehicle and Mindin protein+ integrin β4 knockout groups.The above parameters were down-regulated in Mindin protein+ integrin β4 knockout group as compared with Mindin protein and Mindin protein + vehicle groups.And the inter-group differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). Conclusions:During pulmonary IRI, Mindin knockdown can alleviate pulmonary IRI.Mindin gene may promote the expression of inflammatory factors, NLRP3 and GSDMD protein by activating integrin β4 and aggravate cell pyroptosis to promote the development of pulmonary IRI.

17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 38-43, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of science citation index(SCI)and Chinese Science Citation Database(CSCD)papers published by Chinese liver transplantation researchers.Methods:Within the core collections of Web of Science?(WOS)and CSCD, annual index and influence changes of both Chinese and English papers published by Chinese liver transplantation researchers from 2001 to 2020 were statistically analyzed.The distribution of source journals and research areas of papers were also analyzed.Citespace was employed for visually analyzing the co-citation network clustering of Chinese liver transplantation literature in WOS, research institutions and cooperations, author published statistics and cooperation platform.Results:The proportion of SCI papers spiked by 1370.83 % in 2020 as compared with 2001 and the average annual growth rate reached 68.54 %.The citation frequency jumped from 11 times in 2001 to 16515 times in 2020.The most published papers in SCI/CSCD were surgery.The research area of scientific researchers was more inclined to clinical medical technology.The most published journals were Liver Transplantation(7.61%)in SCI and Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation(15.57%)in CSCD.Chinese liver transplantation research institutions and researchers enjoyed extensive cooperations with universities and research institutes at home and abroad.Conclusions:The domestic output of excellent liver transplantation papers has skyrocketed yearly.The state and scientific research management departments have adopted correct policy orientations and guided researchers to publish high-quality papers on a proper platform.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1223-1228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954544

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of exogenous derivative 4-octyl itaconate (4-OI) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI).Methods:C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into the control group, 4-OI group, LPS group, 4-OI+LPS group and deferiprone (DFP)+LPS group, with 6 mice in each group. LPS-induced ALI model was established by intraperitoneal injection of LPS. For the 4-OI+LPS group, mice were pretreated with 4-OI for 2 h before stimulation with LPS. The mice were sacrificed 12 h later and lung tissues were collected for pathological and molecular biological examination. Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining were used to detect the level of lung injury and collagen deposition. The expression levels of inflammatory cytokines and ferroptosis associated genes were detected by real-time quantitative PCR, and ferroptosis associated proteins were detected by Western blotting. The chi-square test was performed before the measurement data were counted. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare differences between multiple groups.Results:Compared with the control group, the histopathological damage was aggravated, and collagen deposition and lung injury score and lung wet-dry ratio were significantly increased in the LPS group (all P<0.05), and 4-OI pre-treatment significantly alleviated LPS-induced ALI. 4-OI treatment also significantly reduced the mRNA level of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β [(4.38±0.47) vs. (32.65±4.49)], IL-6 [(3.97±0.64) vs. (12.22±0.91)] and TNF-α [(15.06±2.26) vs. (38.53±2.31)]. At the same time, compared with the control group, the levels of lipid peroxidation metabolite 4-hydroxynonenal and malondialdehyde, iron level of lung tissue were significantly increased in the LPS group, and the mRNA level of ferroptosis marker prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 was also significantly increased (all P<0.05), but these indicators were significantly lower in the 4-OI+LPS group than in the LPS group. The results of immunofluorescence, Western blotting and PCR showed that the protein levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and ferritin heavy chain (FTH1) significantly decreased in the LPS group, while 4-OI treatment significantly increased the Nrf2, GPX4 and FTH1 levels, and showed similar inhibition of ferroptosis with DFP (all P<0.05). Conclusions:4-OI attenuates LPS-induced ALI by increasing Nrf2 and upregulating FTH1 and GPX4, providing a potential drug and its theoretical mechanism for the prevention and treatment of ALI.

19.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 777-782, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the targeted regulation of the inflammatory pathway and its mechanism after AMPK phosphorylation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice and human monocytes induced by THP-1, so as to provide evidence for the clinical application of Mogrol (MO) in the clinical treatment of acute lung injury.Methods:Twenty-four clean C57BL/6 male mice aged 6-8 weeks were randomly (random number) divided into the control group, MO group, LPS group and LPS+ MO group with 6 mice in each group. Mice in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline (30 mL/kg), mice in the MO group were intraperitoneally injected with MO (30 mg/kg), mice in the lipopolysaccharide group were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (10 mg/kg), mice in the lipopolysaccharide + MO group were intraperitoneally injected with MO (30 mg/kg), and the other side was injected with lipopolysaccharide (10 mg/kg) 30 min later. After 12 h, the mice were sacrificed for sampling and pathology and molecular biological tests were carried out. Cell experiment: THP-1 cells in good condition were cultured in RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum for 24 h, and then induced to differentiate into macrophages with 100 ng/mL PMA. The control group, MO group, LPS group and LPS + MO group were established. After drug stimulation, the cell suspension of each group was collected, and the cells and culture medium supernatants were used for subsequent detectionResults:Compared with the control group, the injury degree of the lipopolysaccharide group was obvious, the alveolar cavity structure was destroyed, the inflammatory cell infiltration was increased, and the alveolar septum was obviously thickened in the tissue sections. After MO intervention, the injury degree of lung tissue injury was greatly improved, and MPO and the lung wet/dry weight ratio were also significantly decreased. The mRNA levels of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF- α in lung tissues were also significantly decreased under MO intervention [(2.96±0.10) vs. (5.53±0.14), (8.62±0.17) vs. (12.31±0.09), (3.01±0.09) vs. (4.85±0.36)]. The expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 p20, GSDMD-N and ASC in the lung tissues of mice in the lipopolysaccharide group were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the phosphorylation level of AMPK in the lipopolysaccharide + MO group was increased, and the expression of scorched death-related proteins was effectively inhibited [(0.58±0.09) vs. (0.89±0.15), (0.19±0.08) vs. (0.93±0.16), (0.65±0.09) vs. (0.86±0.14), (0.30±0.12) vs. (0.47±0.10), all P<0.05]. At the same time, the secretion of the inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-18, the main markers of scorch death in the tissue measured by ELISA, could also be alleviated by MO. In the cell experiment, MO also promoted the phosphorylation of AMPK, inhibited the expression of proteins related to NLRP3 inflammatory bodies, and significantly improved cell viability. Conclusions:MO attenuates LPS-induced acute lung injury by inhibiting NLRP3-mediated cell pyrogenesis by promoting the phosphorylation of AMPK.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 275-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923373

ABSTRACT

@#Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising both deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is a chronic illness that contributes significantly to the global burden of disease. The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) published the 9th edition of antithrombotic treatment guidelines for VTE (AT9) in 2012, which was first updated in 2016. In October 2021, ACCP published the 2nd update to AT9, which addressed 17 clinical questions related to VTE and presented 29 guidance statements in total. In this paper we interpreted the recommendations proposed in this update of the guidelines.

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