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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 309-313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873397

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of Fuzheng Huayu tablets (FZHY) combined with entecavir (ETV) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) liver fibrosis. MethodsA total of 52 patients with CHB liver fibrosis with an Ishak stage of ≥F3 who were treated in Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2011 to January 2013 were enrolled and divided into FZHY combined with ETV group (combination group) and placebo combined with ETV group (control group), with 26 patients in each group, and the course of treatment was 48 weeks for both groups. Liver biopsy was performed before and after these treatment; clinical outcome was determined based on the reversal rate of Ishak stage for liver fibrosis and the improvement rate of histological activity index (HAI) for inflammation grade, and safety was evaluated based on electrocardiographic findings. Three datasets (full analysis set, per-protocol set, and safety dataset) were identified for analysis; the t-test or the Wilcoxon test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the CMH chi-square test, the chi-square test, or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsOf all 52 patients, 46 underwent the two liver biopsies before and after treatment, with 22 in the combination group and 24 in the control group. At week 48 of treatment, there was a significant difference in the proportion of patients with Ishak stage reduced by ≥1 stage between the combination group and the control group (81.8% vs 54.2%, χ2=5.297, P=0.021). There was also a significant difference in the improvement rate of HAI grade between the combination group and the control group were (59.1% vs 25.0%, χ2=6.822, P=0.009). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence rates of adverse events and serious adverse events, the safety analysis of vital signs, and laboratory safety indicators (all P>0.05). ConclusionFZHY combined with ETV has significant advantages over ETV alone in improving liver fibrosis and inflammation, and antiviral therapy combined with anti-fibrosis therapy can bring better hepatic histological improvement for CHB patients. FZHY combined with ETV has good safety in the treatment of patients with CHB liver fibrosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of rhein on aquaporin 4 (AQP4) and brain edema after cerebral ischemia and the role of microglia-mediated inflammation in this process. Method:The modified thread embolization method was selected to establish the cerebral ischemia model of the right middle cerebral artery embolism (MCAO) in rats. The rats were divided into sham operation group, model group, minocycline group, and high, medium and low-dose rhein groups (3.46,1.73,0.865 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The neurobehavioral function was measured by a modified neurobehavioral score. Wet and dry weight methods were used to measure the changes of water content in brain tissue of rats with cerebral ischemic injury. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of interferon-<italic>γ</italic> (IFN-<italic>γ</italic>) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the peripheral ischemic area of rats in each group. Immunofluorescence double labeling method was used to detect the expressions and localization of microglia fine markers Iba-1 and AQP4. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, neurological function score and water content on the side of brain tissue injury of the model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the neurological function score and the water content of the brain tissue of each drug group were reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with sham operation group, the protein expressions of IFN-<italic>γ</italic> and IL-2 in the model group increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the protein expressions of IFN-<italic>γ</italic> and IL-2 in the peripheral area of cerebral ischemia of each drug group were significantly improved (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Immunofluorescence double staining results showed that compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed significant increase in the fluorescence expression of AQP4 protein on activated microglia, while each drug group could reduce the fluorescence expression of AQP4 protein on activated microglia, different levels of activated microglia markers Iba-1 and AQP4 were co-localized in the peripheral area of cerebral ischemia in each group. Conclusion:Rhein could reduce the degree of brain edema caused by cerebral ischemic injury, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of microglia-mediated neuroinflammation and the down-regulation of AQP4 expression.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3310-3322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921427

ABSTRACT

The effect of altering the promoter region of ubiquitous chromatin-opening element (UCOE) and matrix attachment region (MAR) on stable and efficient expression of genes was investigated. Four different promoters were tested, namely, oct4 containing an enhancer region, sox2 having a CpG island, nanog having no regulatory elements, and CMV containing a CpG island and an enhancer region. Eight reporter plasmids were constructed: pOCT4-UCOE, pOCT4-MAR, pSOX2-UCOE, pSOX2-MAR, pNANOG-UCOE, pNANOG-MAR, pCMV-UCOE, and pCMV-MAR. Stable and efficient expression was observed when UCOE combined with the oct4 promoter, whereas the sox2 was the best promoter suited for MAR. Comparison of the stable clones of oct4-UCOE and sox2-MAR showed that UCOE-regulated expression is more stable and efficient than MAR-regulated expression. When CpG island-containing promoter is linked with UCOE, stable and efficient expression could be observed. These data suggest that an enhancer region in the promoter leads to high, yet unstable expression when combined with UCOE, whereas CpG islands stabilize expression. In conclusion, UCOE and MAR interact with regulatory elements on the promoter by altering the chromatin open state and chromatin loop to regulate gene expression.


Subject(s)
Chromatin/genetics , CpG Islands/genetics , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912886

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy of mild moxibustion plus loratadine tablets for children with allergic rhinitis (AR).Methods: A total of 80 children were randomized into a control group and an observation group, with 40 cases in each group. The control group was treated with loratadine tablets, and the observation group was treated with mild moxibustion plus loratadine tablets. Before and after treatment, the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) was evaluated, and the serum eosinophils (EOS) count, and the interleukin (IL)-27 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) levels were measured. Clinical efficacy was evaluated after treatment. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TNSS in both groups decreased (P<0.05), and the TNSS in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05); the serum EOS count in both groups decreased (P<0.05), and the serum EOS count in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The serum IL-27 level in the control group had no statistical difference compared with the same group before treatment (P>0.05), and the serum MIF level decreased after treatment (P<0.05). The serum IL-27 level in the observation group increased after treatment (P<0.05), and the serum MIF level decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and were both statistically different from those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Mild moxibustion plus loratadine tablets is effective in treating children with AR. It can significantly improve the nasal symptoms and reduce the serum EOS count, which may be related to the regulation of the serum IL-27 and MIF levels.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 814-818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the detection rate of genital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) DNA between urine and urethral/cervical swab samples. Methods:From December 2018 to December 2019, a total of 1 475 outpatients were collected from sexually transmitted disease clinics in 7 medical institutions, such as Department of Venereology, Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology, including 1 118 males and 357 females. One urethral/cervical swab sample and one urine sample were collected successively from each patient. Real-time fluorescence-based PCR was performed to detect CT DNA in urine and urethral/cervical swab samples, and paired chi-square test was used to compare the positive rate of CT DNA between the 2 kinds of samples. Random- or fixed-effect meta-analysis was conducted for the test of heterogeneity and merging of positive rates of CT DNA in the urine and urethral/cervical swabs among 7 medical institutions.Results:The positive rate of CT DNA in the urine samples was significantly higher than that in the swab samples from 4 medical institutions (all P < 0.05) , while there was no significant difference in the positive rate of CT DNA between the 2 kinds of samples from 3 medical institutions (all P > 0.05) . The heterogeneity ( I2) estimates of the CT-DNA positive rate in urine and swab samples among different medical institutions were 78.6% (95% CI: 55.9% - 89.6%) and 73.7% (95% CI: 43.7% - 87.7%) , respectively; meta-analysis showed that the total merged positive rate of CT DNA in the urine samples was 10.8% (95% CI: 7.2% - 15.9%) , which was significantly higher than that in the swab samples (7.8%, 95% CI: 4.9% - 12.1%; χ2 = 39.2, P < 0.05) . Compared with the swab sample-based CT-DNA detection method, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and consistency rate of the urine sample-based CT-DNA detection method were 97.0% (128/132) , 96.3% (1 293/1 343) , 71.9% (128/178) , 99.7% (1 293/1 297) , and 96.3% (1 421/1 475) , respectively. The positive rate of CT DNA in the urine samples from 1 118 male patients was 11.0% (95% CI: 7.2% - 16.5%) , which was significantly higher than that in the swab samples (7.6%, 95% CI: 4.9% - 11.8%; χ2 = 34.3, P < 0.05) . There was no significant difference in the positive rate of CT DNA between the urine (11.9%, 95% CI: 7.7% - 17.9%) and cervical swab samples from 357 female patients (10.4%, 95% CI: 7.6% - 14.0%; χ2 = 3.2, P > 0.05) . Conclusions:The positive rate of CT DNA in urine samples is higher than or similar to that in urethral/cervical swab samples. The urine sample-based CT-DNA detection method has characteristics of convenience, non-invasiveness, painlessness and low cost, and is worthy of clinical promotion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the inter-fractional set-up errors of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) of cervical cancer by cone-beam CT (CBCT), and to analyze the variations of the set-up errors on the cumulative dose deviation of the target volume.Methods:A total of 48 patients with cervical cancer who underwent IMRT were enrolled in this study, and the set-up errors of 696 CBCTs were obtained. The set-up errors were input into the treatment planning system, and the cumulative set-up error dose was obtained by superposing the set-up errors dose. The deviation percentage was calculated by the deviation formula and the standard planning dose.Results:The set-up errors caused the offset of isocenter distance by 0.58(0.36, 0.80) cm. Different statistical differences were noted between the cumulative set-up error dose and the standard planning dose by WilCoxon test. All the dose deviations in the target volume were reduced, and the differential dose volume histogram (DVH) appeared negatively skewed, and the peak value was declined. The DVH diagram shifted to the left with an inverse S-curve and the slope was increased. The HI deviation of the target volume from small to large were: CTV 1, CTV 2, GTV/CTV, CTV 3, CTV n, CTV all, and GTV nd; The HI deviation of the target volume were increased. Conclusions:The effect of set-up errors in IMRT of cervical cancer upon the cumulative doses of the target volume significantly differs. The cumulative dose of the target volume is reduced, and the uniformity of the target volume dose becomes worse. The uncertainty of the inter-fractional position leads to an increase or decrease in the the fractional doses of the target volume. The biological effect on tumor cells and the tumor recurrence remains to be investigated. In IMRT of cervical cancer, the CBCT position calibration is required before each treatment to ensure the dose accuracy of each structure in the target volume.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical results of the application of critical rehabilitation pathway in the rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to December 2019, 67 patients with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were included. There were 49 females and 18 males, 42 cases on the left and 25 cases on the right, with an average age of 60 to 81(70.72±5.92) years old. Critical rehabilitation paths included intensive strength and gait rehabilitation exercises. All patients were evaluated before operation and 3, 12 months after operation. The evaluation indexes included stair climbing test (SCT), six minute walk test (6MWT), quadriceps and hamstring strength, range of motion, visual pain scale (VAS), Western Ontario McMasterUniversity Osteoarthritis score(WOMAC).@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed the entire pathway and the assessment. The results of pre-operative, 3 months after surgery and 12 months after surgery were as follows respectively. SCT-up: (16.32±3.58) s, (18.16±2.46) s, (11.00±1.29) s, @*CONCLUSION@#Critical rehabilitation path is safe and effective. The knee function of patients who receive critical rehabilitation path after TKA is significantly improved in the first 12 months after operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Quadriceps Muscle , Range of Motion, Articular , Recovery of Function
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887508

ABSTRACT

To provide directional suggestions for the establishment of international clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion by investigating the current situation of clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion at home and abroad. The clinical practice guidelines were obtained by questionnaire survey, database retrieval and experts consulting. The guidelines were read carefully, and the content was analyzed. A total of 27 acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines were retrieved, of which most of the guidelines came from China. The definition and scope of "acupuncture and moxibustion "vary according to different guidelines; and the focus of the content and the method of establishing the guidelines are quite different, so it is very necessary to unify the formulation methods of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines. Chinese clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion were characterized by taking the ancient literature as the evidence. Excavating the value of ancient literature and clinical experience of acupuncture-moxibustion experts are the key points and difficulties in the developing of clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion in the future.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Humans , Moxibustion , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1980-1987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887007

ABSTRACT

The objective of this work was to explore the content and composition of aristolochic acid compounds in Chinese medicinal materials containing toxic aristolochic chemicals, so as to ensure the safety of these medicinal materials and their related products. Nine Chinese medicinal materials were selected for study, including the tuber of Aristolochia cinnabarina, the herbs of Asarum forbesii, the stems of Aristolochia manshuriensis., the fruits of Aristolochia debilis, the roots of Aristolochia debilis, the stems and leaf of Aristolochia debilis, the herbs of Aristolochia mollissima, the roots of Aristolochia fangchi, and the roots of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum. The aristolochic acid components in the nine Chinese medicinal materials were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with high performance liquid chromatography diode-array detection. The separation was performed on an Agilent ZORBAX SB-Aq column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.2% acetic acid. ESI positive ion mode MS was used to investigate the ionization pathways of aristolochic acid Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲa, Ⅳa, Ⅶa, and aristololactam Ⅰ, Ⅱ using seven reference standards, and the structures of the components with UV spectrasimilar to those of the seven reference standards in the selected medicinal materials were qualitatively analyzed by following the investigated ionization pathways. The identified aristolochic acid components were quantified using an external standard method by HPLC-UV with detection at 254 nm. Twenty-two aristolochic acid components including 11 aristolochic acids and 11 aristololactams were identified from the nine selected medicinal materials; 15 aristolochic acids were found in the tuber of Aristolochia cinnabarina and the roots of Aristolochia debilis, followed by 14 aristolochic acids in the fruits of Aristolochia debilis and the stems of Aristolochia manshuriensis. The greatest content of aristolochia components was found in the tuber of Aristolochia cinnabarina and the stems of Aristolochia manshuriensis, ranging from 8.91 mg·g-1 to 13.40 mg·g-1, and the least amount was in the herbs of Asarum forbesii, at less than 0.10 mg·g-1 and containing only two aristolochia components. This study systematically explored the quantity and composition of aristolochic acid components in selected Chinese medicinal materials believed to contain toxic aristolochic compounds, providing a basis for follow-up studies on the toxicity of these substances that can lead to safety standards for their use.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 520-533, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881151

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy has been a major option in clinic treatment of malignant tumors. However, single chemotherapy faces some drawbacks, such as multidrug resistance, severe side effects, which hinder its clinic application in tumor treatment. Multifunctional nanoparticles loading with chemotherapeutic agent and photosensitizer could be a promising way to efficiently conduct tumor combination therapy. In the current study, a novel pH-sensitive and bubble-generating mesoporous silica-based drug delivery system (denoted as M(a)D@PI-PEG-RGD) was constructed. Ammonium bicarbonate (NH

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877671

ABSTRACT

Based on the modern anatomy and physiology, the referred pain of myofascial trigger points of each muscle is integrated; compared with the twelve meridians as well as conception vessel and governor vessel, the similarity of their position and running course is observed. With the current research progress of myofascial trigger points and fasciology, based on the running course of referred pain of trigger points, combined with fascia mechanics, nerve and vascular, the location of acupoints and meridians, as well as the relationship between acupoints and meridians, are discussed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Meridians , Muscles , Pain, Referred , Trigger Points
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, and EBER in situ hybridization of 136 DLBCL patients diagnosed in Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2007 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 136 DLBCL samples were obtained, the DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n=23), ileocecal region (n=63), other small intestine (n=29), rectum (n=7), and other large intestine (n=14). Survival curves for the DLBCL patients were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and judged by the Log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and other small intestine except duodenum were mainly male (P=0.042), and had a higher proportion of limited-stage tumors(P=0.015), and lower International Prognostic Index (IPI) (P=0.001). Patients with DLBCL of ileocecal region had higher incidence of lactate dehydrogenase elevation (P=0.007), and higher incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation (P<0.001) than those with DLBCL of other regions. The 5-year overall survival and 5-year progression-free survival of patients with DLBCL in ileocecal and other small intestine sites were higher than those in other sites, but the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.135, 0.459). Fifty percent of intestinal DLBCL were germinal center B cell-like (GCB) subtypes. A low-grade B-cell lymphoma was found in 21% of 136 tumor samples. In ileocecal and other small intestinal specimens, the proportion of low-grade B-cell lymphoma was 29%, and the difference was statistically significant(P=0.025). About 16% of 136 DLBCL samples expressed follicular lymphoma while no mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma . The Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA-1 (EBER1) positive rate of duodenal DLBCL was significantly higher than that of other sites (5/23, 22% vs 2/63, 3%, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The intestinal DLBCL is commonly observed in male, and ileocecal is the most primary site. Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and small intestine except duodenum have low IPI, high proportion of limited-stage tumors, low level of lactate dehydrogenase, high incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation, and low incidence of inert lymphoma. The EBER1 positive rate of DLBCL in duodenal is higher.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of early intervention electroacupuncture (EA) at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) on the learning-memory ability and the expression of phosphorylated Tau protein in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice, so as to provide reference for the intervening period of EA for Alzheimer's disease (AD).@*METHODS@#A total of 36 3-month old SAMP8 mice were randomly divided into a model group, a 3-month-old EA group and a 9-month-old EA group, 12 mice in each group. Twelve normal SAMR1 mice with the same age were taken as the control group. The mice in the 3-month-old EA group and 9-month-old EA group were treated with EA at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) separately 3 months old and 9 months old (continuous wave, 2 Hz, 1.5-2 mA), 20 min each time, once a day, 8 days as a course of treatment, with an interval of 2 days between courses, totally 3 courses of treatment were given. The mice sample in each group was collected at the age of 10 months after the learning-memory ability tested by Morris water maze. The expression of phosphorylated Tau protein in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, and the expression of Tau mRNA was detected by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, in the model group, the escape latency was significantly increased (<0.01), the time of stay in the original platform quadrant and the number of crossing the platform quadrant were reduced (<0.01), and the expressions of phosphorylated Tau protein and Tau mRNA in hippocampus were increased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the 3-month-old EA group and 9-month-old EA group, the escape latency was significantly reduced (<0.05), the time of stay in the original platform quadrant and the number of crossing the platform quadrant were increased (<0.05), and the expressions of phosphorylated Tau protein and Tau mRNA in hippocampus were reduced (<0.05). Compared with the 9-month-old EA group, in the 3-month-old EA group, the escape latency was significantly reduced (<0.05), the time of stay in the original platform quadrant and the number of crossing the platform quadrant were increased (<0.05), and the expressions of phosphorylated Tau protein and Tau mRNA were reduced (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The early EA intervention could more effectively improve the learning-memory ability and inhibit phosphorylation of Tau protein in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Learning , Memory , Mice , tau Proteins
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of Taoren Chengqitang in regulating intestinal myoelectric activity and microenvironment homeostasis in intestinal sepsis rats based on high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1)/Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor -κB(NF-κB) pathway. Method:The 60 SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, glycyrrhizic acid (HMGB1 inhibitor, 0.03 g·kg-1) group, Taoren Chengqitang group (10 g·kg-1), glycyrrhizic acid+Taoren Chengqitang group (0.03 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. Except the sham operation group, the other groups established intestinal sepsis rat models, each group was treated with medicine, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to detect the histopathological changes of small intestinal mucosa in rats of each group, the changes of mucosal thickness and villus height were compared, the levels of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), diamine oxidase (DAO) and D-lactic acid in intestinal mucosa of rats were detected by kit, the intestinal myoelectrical activity of rats in each group was measured, the slow wave frequency and amplitude of small intestinal smooth muscle were compared, the intestinal flora of rats in each group was detected, the contents of E. coli, Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus were compared, and the expressions of HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB pathway proteins HMGB1, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 in small intestinal tissues were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with sham operated group, the villus height, mucosal thickness, sIgA content, slow wave frequency and amplitude of smooth muscle, Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus contents in intestinal mucosa of model group rats were significantly decreased, and serum DAO and D-lactic acid levels, intestinal E. coli content, intestinal tissue HMGB1, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 proteins were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the villus height, mucosal thickness, sIgA content, slow wave frequency and amplitude of smooth muscle, Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus contents in intestinal mucosa of the Taoren Chengqitang group, glycyrrhizic acid group, and glycyrrhizic acid + Taoren Chengqitang group were significantly increased, and serum DAO and D-lactic acid levels, intestinal E. coli content, intestinal tissue HMGB1, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 proteins were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the Taoren Chengqitang group and the glycyrrhizic acid group, the villus height, mucosal thickness, sIgA content, slow wave frequency and amplitude of smooth muscle, Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus contents in intestinal mucosa of glycyrrhizic acid+Taoren Chengqitang group were significantly increased, and serum DAO and D-lactic acid levels, intestinal E. coli content, intestinal tissue HMGB1, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 proteins were significantly decreased, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions:Taoren Chengqitang can alleviate intestinal mucosal injury, regulate intestinal myoelectrical activity and microenvironment homeostasis, restore intestinal function and maintain flora balance in intestinal sepsis rats, which may be achieved by down-regulating HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB pathway.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872986

ABSTRACT

Objective::The effects of three different doses of borneol on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model rats and the effects on oxidative stress factors were compared to provide reference for elucidation of the dose-effect relationship and mechanism of anti-myocardial infarction. Method::Healthy adult male SPF SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, solvation model group, nitroglycerin group, Borneolum high, medium and low dose(0.6, 0.3, 0.15 g·kg-1) group, l-Borneolum and Borneolum syntheticum high, medium, low dose(0.2, 0.1, 0.05 g·kg-1) group, a total of 13 groups, 20 in each group. Gavage was performed at 20 mL·kg-1 once a day for 3 days of continuous preventive administration. The sham operation group and the model group were given the same volume of distilled water, and the solvation model group was given the same volume of 5% polysorbate 80.On the third day of the pre-administration, 30 minutes after the last dose, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated to make a model, and the successful rats were treated for 3 days. BL-420N biological system analyzer was used to record the ST-segment amplitude and hemodynamic changes. Rat body weight and cardiac weight were weighed to calculate cardiac viscera coefficients, 2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to calculate the myocardial infarction rate. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate the degree of myocardial pathological damage. According to the kit requirements, serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate amino-transaminase (AST), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and oxidative stress factors superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected. Result::Compared with the sham operation group, the ST segment amplitude of the model group significantly increased after 5 minutes, the left ventricular diastolic blood pressure (LVDP) value increased significantly, and the measured maximum shortening velocity (Vpm) value of the left ventricular myocardial contraction component significantly decreased. The organ coefficient and myocardial infarction rate were extremely significantly increased, and the myocardial pathological tissue was severely damaged. The serum CK-MB, AST, LDH, and MDA contents were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the solvation model group, the Borneolum and l-Borneolum in the middle and low, and the Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups could significantly inhibited the abnormal elevation of ST segments at different time points. The Borneolum and l-Borneolum high, medium, low, and Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups significantly increased the left ventricular systolic blood pressure (LVSP) value and decrease the LVDP value (P<0.01). The Borneolum medium, low, and l-Borneolum high, medium, Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups significantly increased the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise (dp/dt max) and Vpm value (P<0.05, P<0.01). The Borneolum and l-Borneolum medium, low dose groups significantly reduced rat cardiac organ coefficients. The Borneolum high, medium, low and l-Borneolum, Borneolum syntheticum medium, low dose groups significantly improved myocardial infarction in rats (P< 0.05, P<0.01). The Borneolum low, l-Borneolum high, medium, and Borneolum syntheticum high groups also significantly improved the degree of pathological damage (P<0.01). High dose of l-Borneolum significantly reduced CK-MB content, medium and low dose of l-Borneolum significantly reduced AST activity, medium and low dose of l-Borneolum, high, medium and low dose of Borneolum syntheticum significantly reduced LDH activity (P<0.05, P<0.01). Serum SOD activity of rats in l-Borneolum high, medium, and Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Serum MDA levels in Borneolum high, medium, low, and l-Borneolum high, middle dose groups significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion::Three kinds of borneol in different dose groups can play different degrees of myocardial protection. Under the experimental conditions, there was a trend of l-Borneolum>Borneolum>Borneolum syntheticum in improving the efficacy of myocardial infarction, the dose-effect of Borneolum was negatively correlated, Borneolum syntheticum was positively correlated, and no significant dose-effect relationship between l-Borneolum.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2858-2863, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of chrysophanol on the activa tion of microglia and the expression of inflammatory factors in cerebral ischemia model rats. METHODS :SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group , model group and chrysophanol high ,medium,low dose groups [7.88,3.94,1.97 mg/(kg·d)],with 20 rats in each group (the number was complemented in cases of death or unsuccessful modeling during modeling process ). Except for sham operation group , middle cerebral artery occlusion model was established in other groups by improved thread method. After 2 hours of ischemia , sham operation group and model group were intraperitoneally injected with 1 mL normal saline ,and each administration group was intraperitoneally injected with 1 mL corresponding drug ,once a day ,for 7 consecutive days. After last medication ,the score of neurological impairment was recorded ;cerebral infarction of rats was observed by TTC staining ,and the percentage of cerebral infarction area was calculated. The expression of Iba- 1 positive cells in ischemic penumbra of rats was observed by immunofluorescence staining. The expression of Notch- 1,TNF-α and ICAM-1 in the ischemic penumbra of rats were detected by Western blotting assay. RESULTS :In sham operation group ,there was no infarction area in the brain tissue ,and the Iba- 1 positive cells in the ischemic penumbra were few and branched. Compared with sham operation group ,the infarction area of cerebral tissue in rats was obvious in model group ; the 052)number of Iba- 1 positive cells in ischemic penumbra were 〔ZQ2017003〕) increased significantly ,and they were in amoeba or round shape;the neurological impairment score ,the percentage of cerebral infarction area , relative expression of Notch- 1, TNF-α and ICAM-1 protein in ischemic penumbra were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with m odel rats ,the infarction area of cerebral tissue in each dose group of chrysophanol was reduced to different extent ;the number of Iba- 1 positive cells in ischemic penumbra was decreased ;neurological impairment score ,the percentage of cerebral infarction area ,relative expression of Notch- 1,TNF-α and ICAM-1 protein were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Chrysophanol has a certain protective effect on the brain tissue of cerebral ischemia model rats ,and can relieve the nerve injury. Its mechanism may be associated with inhibiting the activation of microglia and expression of inflammatory factors mediated by Notch pathway.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the overall survival (OS) of elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated with oral arsenic-containing Qinghuang Powder (, QHP) or low-intensity chemotherapy (LIC).@*METHODS@#Forty-two elderly AML patients treated with intravenous or subcutaneous LIC (1 month for each course, at least 3 courses) or oral QHP (3 months for each course, at least 2 courses) were retrospectively analyzed from January 2015 to December 2017. The main endpoints of analysis were OS and 1-, 2-, 3-year OS rates of patients, respectively. And the adverse reactions induding bone marrow suppression, digestive tract discomfort and myocardia injury were observed.@*RESULTS@#Out of 42 elderly AML patients, 22 received LIC treatment and 20 received QHP treatment, according to patients' preference. There was no significant difference on OS between LIC and QHP patients (13.0 months vs. 13.5 months, >0.05). There was no significant difference on OS rates between LIC and QHP groups at 1 year (59.1% vs. 70.0%), 2 years (13.6% vs. 15%), and 3 years (4.6% vs. 5.0%, all >0.05). Furthermore, there was no significant difference of OS on prognosis stratification of performance status > 2 (12 months vs. 12 months), age> 75 year-old (12.0 months vs. 12.5 months), hematopoietic stem cell transplant comorbidity index >2 (12 months vs. 13 months), poor cytogenetics (12 months vs. 8 months), and diagnosis of secondary AML (10 months vs. 14 months) between LIC and QHP patients (>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#QHP may be an alternative treatment for elderly AML patients refusing LIC therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Arsenicals , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Powders , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1221-1227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of double-hit multiple myeloma patients with deletion P53 treated with regimen based on bortezomib.@*METHODS@#The ethnical data from 186 newly diagnosed MM patients hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of Harrison International Peace hospital from January 2012 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and G-binding staining were used to detect cytogenetic abnormalities (P53 deletion, lq21 amplification and IgH rearranagement) for analyses of complete remission (CR), overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with bortezomib for 4 circles.@*RESULTS@#In 186 patients, simple P53 deletion was 14 cases, 1q21 amplification and P53 deletion were found in 11 cases (A group), t (14;16) and P53 deletion in 7 cases (B group), t (4;14) and P53 deletion in 9 cases (C group). The complete remission rate (CR%) of above-mentioned three groups was 27.27%, 28.57% and 33.33% respectively, and the ORR of the three groups was 54.54%, 57.14% and 55.56%, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference between the three groups (P>0.05). The patients with 1q21 amplification and P53 deletion had shorter OS and PFS time (P=0.041, P=0.046). The double-hit patients with 1q21 amplification showed shorter OS time, compared with the patients with P53 deletion (P=0.027). The double-hit patients with t(14;16) and t(4;14) showed shorter OS time (P=0.871, P=0.276) and PFS time (P=0.955, P=0.379) than those of the patients with P53 deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#P53 deletion and 1q21 amplification are an adverse prognostic factor of early recurrence and short lifetime in patients with newly diagnosed double-hit MM.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Chromosome Aberrations , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1292-1297, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study therapeutic efficacy and side effects of single decitabine for DNMT3A myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, efficacy and side effects of 59 myelodysplastic syndrome patients received the decitabine therapy in our center from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Based on gene mutations, these patients were divided into 2 groups: DNMT3A MDS patients (n=27) and DNMT3A MDS patients (n=32). All patients in two groups were treated with decitabine for 4 circles. The efficacy and side effects in the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The median age of patients in DNMT3A MDS group was 56.2 (37-81) which was no statistic difference from DNMT3A MDS group. And there was no statistical difference including age, white blood cells, hemoglobin and platelet count between the two groups (P>0.05). The ORR and complete response (CR) rate of DNMT3A group were 70.37% and 40.74%, the ORR and CR rate of DNMT3A group were 40.63% and 21.88% respectively. Significant differences were observed in ORR rate (P=0.035) between two groups. However, significant differences did not found in CR rate (P=0.159) between two groups, The similar adverse reaction was observed in DNMT3A and DNMT3A MDS patients. Among the 59 patients, 21 patients showed TP53+ mutation. DNMT3A/TP53 MDS patients (n=13) had similar ORR and CR compared with the DNMT3A/TP53 MDS patients (n=8) (P>0.05). The overall survival (OS) in DNMT3A MDS group and DNMT3A MDS group were 29.1±13.4 months and 27.8±14.4 months, respectively, no significant differences between two groups were observed (P=0.475).@*CONCLUSION@#Decitabine treatment is an effective and safe for DNMT3A MDS patients, but not shows better survival advantage.


Subject(s)
Azacitidine , Decitabine , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826696

ABSTRACT

Both the twelve -well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are the commonly used first-aid points. These two kinds of acupoints are located closely and similar in function, hence, they are often confused in application. In order to explore the origin of their location and theory as well as their relationship, the relevant data were retrieved. It has been found that the relationship between -well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) is traced at the earliest time to (). It is believed that the -well points refer to the starting points or the ending points of the twelve regular meridians and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are located at the crossing sites of - related meridians of the regular meridians. These two kinds of acupoints are interconnected, share the same source and are also different from each other. Qiduan (EX-LE 12) is also named as foot-Shixuan. Shixuan (EX-UE 11) and Qiduan (EX-LE 12) can be regarded as the same category, just like -well points. In clinical practice, the -well points are generally selected in treatment of internal diseases, local diseases and those on the running course of meridians. They can be used separately in treatment. Shixuan (EX-UE 11) is the first option, or combined with Qiduan (EX-LE 12) in the emergent treatment of tense syndrome and syncope. The -well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are different even though sharing the same origin. They are mutually benefited and supplemented with each other in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Syndrome , Yin-Yang
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