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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 976-985, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore eye movement characteristics in newly diagnosed, drug-naive Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients and their correlation with motor and non-motor symptoms.Methods:Seventy-five newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients and 46 healthy controls (HCs) were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were recruited from the Department of Neurology, Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from November 2017 to December 2021, while HCs were recruited from the local community during the same period. For PD patients, motor severity was measured with the modified Hoehn and Yahr stage, Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale part Ⅲ and the Freezing of Gait questionnaire. Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by serial scales such as Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire, 16-item odor identification test from Sniffin Sticks, 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Chinese version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Basic and REM Behavior Disorder Screening Questionnaire. All subjects underwent oculomotor test including pro-saccade task and smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) task in the horizontal direction via videonystagmography. Visually guided saccade latency, saccadic accuracy and gain in SPEM at three frequencies (0.1, 0.2, 0.4 Hz) of the horizontal axis were compared between the 2 groups. The association between key oculomotor parameters and clinical phenotypes was explored in PD patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of eye movement parameters as independent factors were also performed for detecting PD from HCs, then combining the saccadic latency, saccadic accuracy and the most significant SPEM gain (0.4 Hz) as the model to distinguish PD from HCs.Results:Relative to HCs, newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients showed prolonged saccadic latency [(210.4±41.3) ms vs (191.3±18.9) ms, t=-3.445, P=0.001] and decreased saccadic accuracy (88.4%±6.8% vs 92.2%±6.1%, t=3.064, P=0.003). SPEM gain in PD was uniformly reduced at each frequency(0.1 Hz: 0.68±0.15 vs 0.74±0.14, t=2.261, P=0.026; 0.2 Hz: 0.72±0.16 vs 0.79±0.16, t=2.704, P=0.008; 0.4 Hz: 0.67±0.19 vs 0.78±0.19, t=2.937, P=0.004). The ROC analyses of saccade latency, saccadic accuracy and gain in SPEM at 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 Hz as independent factors for detecting PD from HCs showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of each parameter was lower than 0.7: the AUC of saccade latency was 0.641 ( P=0.010), the AUC of saccadic accuracy was 0.681 ( P=0.001), the AUC of gain in SPEM at 0.1 Hz was 0.616 ( P=0.032), at 0.2 Hz was 0.652 ( P=0.005), at 0.4 Hz was 0.660 ( P=0.003). Combining the saccadic latency, saccadic accuracy and the most significant SPEM gain (0.4 Hz) revealed that the model could significantly distinguish PD from HCs with an 80.4% sensitivity and a 73.3% specificity (AUC=0.780, P<0.001). Prolonged saccadic latency was correlated with long disease duration ( β=0.334, 95% CI 0.014-0.654, P=0.041), whereas decreased SPEM gain was associated with severe motor symptoms in newly diagnosed drug-naive PD patients (0.1 Hz: β=-0.004, 95% CI -0.008--0.001, P=0.036; 0.4 Hz: β=-0.006, 95% CI -0.011--0.001, P=0.012). Conclusions:Ocular movements are impaired in newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients. These changes could be indicators for disease progression in PD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 710-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994380

ABSTRACT

Ovarian Leydig cell tumor(LCT), also known as ovarian testicular stromal cell tumor, is a rare sex cord stromal tumor, accounting for about 0.1% of all ovarian tumors. LCT is often accompanied by clinical manifestations of elevated androgen, and the imaging manifestations sometimes lack specificity. The diagnosis requires histopathological examination. Surgery is the primary treatment method, and postoperative prognosis is generally favorable. This paper retrospectively analyzes the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with LCT in our hospital combining relevant literature, explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment progress of LCT, aiming to improve disease management.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 62-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of constructing WeChat platform and introducing PPT (PowerPoint) optimized by Media studio pro editing technology in the teaching of radiation therapeutics.Methods:Sixty undergraduates of medical imaging technology in Fujian Medical University were randomly divided into experimental group and control group in average. The experimental group set up a WeChat group and acquired the optimized PPT before class; control group received classroom teaching and clinical practice according to the traditional teaching mode. Twenty-four items of MCTQ (Maastricht clinical teaching questionnaire) were selected and translated. A total of 30 teachers majoring in tissue radiation oncology and medical imaging were randomly divided into two groups. The questionnaire was used to evaluate the two teaching models. To examine the academic performance of the two groups of students. SPSS 23.0 software was used for independent sample t-test. Results:By comparing the scores of MCTQ questionnaire between the two groups, it was concluded that the teaching mode of the experimental group had significant advantages in 11 aspects, such as clinical practice, obtaining more learning opportunities and so on ( P < 0.05). The scores of practice [(84.67±7.29) vs. (80.03±8.97)] and final evaluation [(81.53±8.78) vs. (76.77±9.49)] of the students in the experimental group were better than those in the control group ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The application of optimized PPT by Media studio pro editing technology based on WeChat platform is worth popularizing in the teaching of radiation therapeutics.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 69-72, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004891

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the characteristics of HBV serological markers of NAT reactive blood donors under different HBsAg status. 【Methods】 NAT reactive samples, with HBsAg-, HBsAg+ /retest - and HBsAg+ by single reagent were collected from September 2021 to May 2022 in our laboratory. The TMA non-reactive samples were retested by Roche PCR, then HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, anti-HBe and anti-HBc were detected by ECLI for statistical analysis. 【Results】 A total of 66 samples were collected, among which 55 were HBsAg-/NAT+. The positive rate of anti-HBc, anti-HBs+ anti-HBc, anti-HBe+ anti-HBc was 87.3% (48/55), 43.6% (24/55) and 45.5% (25/55), respectively. The positive rate of anti-HBs was 10.9% (6/55) and the overall negative rate was 1.8% (1/55). In 7 HBsAg+ initially/retest -/NAT+ samples, the positive rate of anti-HBc was 100%(7/7), and the positive rate of anti-HBe+ anti-HBc was 71.4%(5/7). In 4 HBsAg+ /NAT+ samples by single reagent, the positive rate of HBsAg+ anti-HBs+ anti-HBe+ anti-HBc was 50% (2/4), and positive rate of anti-HBe+ anti-HBc was100% (4/4). Samples, not reactive to TMA discriminatory and anti-HBc negative, were also non-reactive to individual PCR retest. There were significant differences in the positive rates of anti-HBe+ anti-HBc between HBsAg-/NAT+ samples and HBsAg+ /NAT+ (single reagent) samples (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Most HBsAg-/NAT+ blood donors were occult hepatitis B virus infection.The anti-HBe+ anti-HBc positive were correlated with HBV infection status. Non-reactivity discriminated by TMA plus anti-HBc negative do not exclude HBV DNA non-reactivity.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 758-766, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014618

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the reasons for screening failure of healthy subjects in clinical trials of orally inhaled drug products (OIDPs). METHODS: Screening data of 1 432 healthy subjects who participated in clinical trials of OIDPs were collected. The main reasons for the screening failure, gender differences in screening failure rate and the correlation between age and screening failure rate were summarized and analyzed. RESULTS: The screening failure rate was 72.4 % and increased with age. The failure rate was slightly higher in females than in males. Besides abnormal vital signs (17.3%), abnormal laboratory test results (16.5%) and withdrawal of consent (7.6%), poor venous condition (13.9%), positive for cigarette test results (12.6%) and failure in inhalation training (7.1%) were also the other three main reasons affecting the screening success rate. Abnormal vital signs and poor venous conditions were the primary screening failure reasons for males and females, respectively. CONCLUSION: The screening success rate could be improved by informing fully and communicating effectively, selecting young subjects with strong understanding abilities, and enhancing the training skills of investigators.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 339-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960963

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyse the prevalence and risk factors of dry eye among children aged 7-14 years in myopia prevention and control clinic.METHODS:A total of 222 children aged 7-14 years in myopia prevention and control clinic from December 2021 to February 2022 were included. General data of included children were collected, assessing the prevalence of dry eye by the ocular surface disease index(OSDI)scale and Keratograph 5M, and analyzing risk factors for dry eye occurrence by Logistic regression model.RESULTS:The prevalence of dry eye in children in myopia prevention and control clinic was 27.9%. Logistic Regression analysis showed that, allergic conjunctivitis(OR=2.31, 95%CI=1.12-4.78, P=0.02), refractive error(OR=5.57, 95%CI=2.40-12.94, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01), use time of electronic &#x0026;#x003E;2h per day(OR=2.74, 95%CI=1.11-6.78, P=0.03), time of playing games &#x0026;#x003E;2h per day(OR=2.33, 95%CI=1.12-4.84, P=0.02), outdoor activity time ≤2h per day(OR=4.28, 95%CI=2.02-9.07, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01)and sleep duration &#x0026;#x003C;8h per day(OR=3.23, 95%CI=1.44-7.27, P=0.01)were risk factors for dry eye among the children.CONCLUSIONS:The prevalence of dry eye among children in myopia prevention and control clinic should be paid high attention. Therefore, improving behavior habits and controlling the use time of visual display terminal products to prevent and slow down the occurrence of dry eye in children.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 487-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the technical aspects of the accuracy of cervical pedicle screw placement with O-arm guidance.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients who underwent cervical pedicle screw fixation by O-arm real-time guidance from December 2015 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 15 males and 6 females, aged from 29 to 76 years old with an average of (45.3±11.5) years. The postoperative CT scan was utilized to evaluate the placement of the pedicle screw and classified according to the Gertzbein and Robbins classification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 132 pedicle screws were implanted in 21 patients, 116 at C3-C6 and 16 at C1 and C2. According to Gertzbein & Robbins classification, the overall breach rates were found to be 11.36% (15/132) with 73.33% (11 screws) Grade B, 26.67% (4 screws) Grade C, and no Grade D or E screw breaches. There were no pedicle screw placement related complications at final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The application of O-arm real-time guidance technology can make cervical pedicle screw placement reliable. High accuracy and better intra-operative control can increase surgeon's confidence in using cervical pedicle instrumentation. Considering the high-risk nature of anatomical area around cervical pedicle and the possibility of catastrophic complications, the spine surgeon should have sufficient surgical skills, experience, ensures stringent verification of the system, and never relies solely on the navigation system.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 227-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970185

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the surgical outcome of robotic thyroidectomy through transoral approach and the bilateral breast-axillary approach. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of patients who performed transoral robotic thyroidectomy (TORT group) or bilateral breast-axillary approach (BABA group) in the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the 960th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from July 2020 to May 2022. Both groups received lobectomy with lymph node dissection of the central region. A total of 100 cases were included in the study, including 48 cases in the TORT group and 52 cases in the BABA group. The propensity score matching method was used for 1∶1 matching of patients between the 2 groups, with a match tolerance of 0.03. There were 31 patients in each group successfully matched. In the TORT group, there were 5 males and 26 females, aged (33.2±7.9) years (range: 21 to 53 years). While there were 4 males and 27 females in the BABA group, aged (34.6±9.2) years (range: 19 to 58 years). The t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the clinical efficacy between the two groups. Results: All the patients successfully completed robotic thyroid surgery without conversion to open surgery. Compared with BABA group, the TORT group had longer operation time ((211.3±57.2) minutes vs. (126.2±37.8) minutes, t=6.915, P<0.01), shorter drainage tube retention time ((5.4±1.0) days vs. (6.4±1.2) days, t=-3.544, P=0.001), shorter total hospital stay ((6.6±1.2) days vs. (7.4±1.3) days, t=-2.353, P=0.022), and higher cosmetic score (9.46±0.25 vs. 9.27±0.26, t=2.925, P=0.005). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of lymph nodes dissection, metastasis in the central compartment, and the incidence of postoperative complications (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the bilateral breast-axillary approach, the transoral vestibular approach of robotic thyroidectomy is also safe and effective. It shows similar surgical results to the bilateral breast-axillary approach in strictly selected patients, but the postoperative recovery speed is much faster, and the hospital stay is shorter. Transoral robotic thyroidectomy is a more recommended surgical method for patients with high aesthetic demand.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Neck Dissection/methods , Axilla/pathology , Treatment Outcome
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2785-2793, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999008

ABSTRACT

The clinical tumor therapy was greatly challenged due to the complex characteristics of tumor microenvironment, however, which also provide arena for novel therapeutic strategies. In this study, poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)-poly(lactic acid)-SS-poly(β-amino ester (PEOz-PLA-SS-PBAE) triblock copolymers with pH and GSH double response were synthesized, polymer micelles were prepared by thin film hydration method for loading of silybin to improve its antitumor activity. The critical micelle concentration was determined by pyrene fluorescence method as 1.8 μg·mL-1. The particle size was 155.30 ± 1.80 nm as determined by dynamic light scattering, with polydispersity index of 0.168 ± 0.004. The drug loading and entrapment efficiency of the micelles were determined by HPLC as (5.48 ± 0.04)% and (68.52 ± 0.48)%, respectively. The in vitro drug release profiles showed that the micelles have low pH sensitivity and high GSH responsiveness, and exhibited sustained release profiles. The good biocompatibility of the material was proved by measuring the hemolysis rate and cytotoxicity of the blank micelle. The cytotoxicity and apoptosis rate of tumor cells showed that the drug loaded PEOz-PLA-SS-PBAE micelles had significant inhibitory effect and apoptosis-inducing effect on MDA-MB-231 cells. The results of wounding healing assay and Transwell invasion test showed that the drug loaded PEOz-PLA-SS-PBAE micelles could significantly inhibit the metastasis of MDA-MB-231 cells. The PEOz-PLA-SS-PBAE drug-loaded micelles prepared in this study have good inhibitory effect on tumor growth and anti-tumor metastasis in vitro, which lays the foundation for the further application of silybin.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2613-2619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze existing problems of pharmacoeconomic evaluation research in China and to improve the standardization and scientificity of research, so as to provide more high-quality evidence for government decision-making. METHODS Retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science from 2018 to 2022, the literature related to pharmacoeconomic evaluation in China was collected; Excel 2016 software was used to extract the key information of the included literature which met inclusion criteria. The Quality of Health Economic Studies (QHES) scale was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature. RESULTS A total of 113 pieces of literature were included in this study, involving 85 pieces of Chinese literature and 28 pieces of English literature. The overall score of QHES included literature was 65.7, of which the average score of Chinese literature was 62.0 and English literature was 76.9. The median quality scores for the literature in 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022 were 62.0, 70.5, 59.3, 71.0, and 73.0, respectively. Of these, 65 pieces of literature reported the research perspective; 36 reported the discount rate indistinctly; 25 provided unclear definitions of thresholds; and 53 used two sensitivity analysis methods. Among different items of the QHES scale, item 2 (research perspective), item 8 (time range and discount rate), item 14 (potential bias) and item 16 (sources of funding) had low percentage of scores. CONCLUSIONS From 2018 to 2022, pharmacoeconomic evaluation literature published by Chinese academics has generally shown a fluctuating upward trend in terms of quality, but there is still some room for improvement. The main problems in current pharmacoeconomics research in China include unclear understanding of the research perspective, single measurement of cost and health outcomes, unreasonable design of time horizon, indistinct description of the threshold or discount rate, and lack of sensitivity analysis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 472-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the in vitro inhibitory effects of resveratrol on rabies virus. Methods:The challenge virus standard (CVS)-11 strain of rabies virus and BHK-21 cells were used to establish the infection model. In vitro inhibitory effects of resveratrol on rabies virus were analyzed at different stages of infection by direct immunofluorescence and cell fluorescence focus unit assay. Results:Without affecting cell growth, resveratrol could block the adsorption of virus, interfere with the entry of virus into cells and inhibit virus proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibition rate could reach up to about 95%. The results of co-incubation experiment showed that 40 μmol/L resveratrol could directly kill the virus.Conclusions:This study indicated that resveratrol inhibited the activity of rabies virus in a concentration-dependent manner.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1095-1118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957673

ABSTRACT

Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Statins delay the occurrence and development of ASCVD, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events and death. Due to safety concerns, there exist insufficient use of lipid-lowering agents and a high withdrawal rate of the agents in the elderly. To promote the prevention and treatment of ASCVD, this expert consensus is issued and focuses on the management of dyslipidemia of Chinese elderly basing on the clinical evidence of the use of lipid-lowering drugs by the elderly, and the lipid management guidelines and expert consensus recommendations at home and abroad.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1131-1135, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of postoperative persistent ureteral stricture by collecting and analyzing the clinical pathological data of patients after radical hysterectomy.Methods:The clinicopathological data of patients with cervical cancer and endometrial cancer diagnosed in Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital from December 2013 to December 2018 who needed radical hysterectomy were retrospectively analyzed, and the incidence of postoperative persistent ureteral stricture, related risk factors and their impact on the prognosis of patients were analyzed.Results:Finally, a total of 1 068 patients were included in the study. Among them, 194 patients developed persistent ureteral stricture after radical hysterectomy, with an overall incidence of 18.2%, of which the incidence of cervical cancer was 18.7%(151/807), and the incidence of endometrial cancer was 16.5%(43/261). There was no significant difference in the incidence of ureteral stricture after radical hysterectomy between the two types of tumors ( P>0.05). Univariate analysis showed that International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) stage, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, postoperative ureteral fistula, postoperative lymphatic cyst, preoperative albumin were associated with persistent ureteral stricture after radical hysterectomy (all P<0.05); Multivariate analysis showed that postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, postoperative ureteral fistula and postoperative lymphatic cyst were independent risk factors for persistent ureteral stricture (all P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the survival rate between patients with and without persistent ureteral stricture ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The incidence of persistent ureteral stricture after radical hysterectomy is relatively high in patients with cervical cancer and endometrial cancer, and postoperative ureteral fistula, postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and lymphocyst may be independent risk factors. Postoperative persistent ureteral stricture may affect the outcome of patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1201-1206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969727

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop and validate a deep learning model based on fundus photos for the identification of coronary heart disease (CHD) and associated risk factors. Methods: Subjects aged>18 years with complete clinical examination data from 149 hospitals and medical examination centers in China were included in this retrospective study. Two radiologists, who were not aware of the study design, independently evaluated the coronary angiography images of each subject to make CHD diagnosis. A deep learning model using convolutional neural networks (CNN) was used to label the fundus images according to the presence or absence of CHD, and the model was proportionally divided into training and test sets for model training. The prediction performance of the model was evaluated in the test set using monocular and binocular fundus images respectively. Prediction efficacy of the algorithm for cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., age, systolic blood pressure, gender) and coronary events were evaluated by regression analysis using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and R2 correlation coefficient. Results: The study retrospectively collected 51 765 fundus images from 25 222 subjects, including 10 255 patients with CHD, and there were 14 419 male subjects in this cohort. Of these, 46 603 fundus images from 22 701 subjects were included in the training set and 5 162 fundus images from 2 521 subjects were included in the test set. In the test set, the deep learning model could accurately predict patients' age with an R2 value of 0.931 (95%CI 0.929-0.933) for monocular photos and 0.938 (95%CI 0.936-0.940) for binocular photos. The AUC values for sex identification from single eye and binocular retinal fundus images were 0.983 (95%CI 0.982-0.984) and 0.988 (95%CI 0.987-0.989), respectively. The AUC value of the model was 0.876 (95%CI 0.874-0.877) with either monocular fundus photographs and AUC value was 0.885 (95%CI 0.884-0.888) with binocular fundus photographs to predict CHD, the sensitivity of the model was 0.894 and specificity was 0.755 with accuracy of 0.714 using binocular fundus photographs for the prediction of CHD. Conclusion: The deep learning model based on fundus photographs performs well in identifying coronary heart disease and assessing related risk factors such as age and sex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Deep Learning , Fundus Oculi , ROC Curve , Algorithms , Risk Factors , Coronary Disease/diagnostic imaging
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 292-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935385

ABSTRACT

Estimating the actual real-world effectiveness of the vaccine is an essential part of the post-marketing evaluation. This regression discontinuity design (RDD) using observational data is designed to quantify the effect of an intervention when eligibility for the intervention is based on a defined cutoff as age, making it suited to estimate vaccine effects. This approach can avoid the high cost and ethical issues; overcome difficulties in the organization and practice process in randomized controlled trials, which leads to a higher level of causal inference evidence and more realistic results. Here, we describe key features of RDD in general, and then specific scenarios, with examples, to illustrate that RDD are an essential tool for advancing our understanding of vaccine effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Causality , Vaccine Efficacy , Vaccines
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 554-560, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935324

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in Asia and the Western Pacific, which mainly invades central nervous system. Vaccination is the most important strategy to prevent JE. Currently, both live attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccines (JE-L) and inactivated vaccines (JE-I) are in use. Due to the supply of vaccines and the personal choice of recipients, there will be a demand for interchangeable immunization of these two vaccines. However, relevant research is limited. By reviewing domestic and foreign research evidence, this article summarizes the current situation of the interchangeable use of JE-L and JE-I, and makes recommendations when the interchangeable immunization is in urgent need, so as to provide reference for practical vaccination and policymaking in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese/prevention & control , Immunization , Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines , Vaccination , Vaccines, Inactivated
17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 459-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and spatiotemporal clustering of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019. Methods: The data of hepatitis A incidence in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the infectious disease surveillance system of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. ArcGIS 10.7 software was used for spatial autocorrelation analysis. SaTScan 9.6 software was used for spatiotemporal scanning analysis. SPSS 25.0 software was used for additional analysis. Results: Zhejiang Province has reported 5 465 cases of hepatitis A in 2010-2019 years, with an average annual incidence rate of 1.00/100 000, and periodicity and seasonality are not obvious. The incidence of male was higher than that of female (P=0.023), and the highest incidence rate was 50-59 years old. Spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that there was a positive spatial correlation between the incidence of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2017, with the weakest correlation in 2010 (Moran's I =0.103, Z=1.769, P=0.049), and the strongest correlation in 2016 (Moran's I=0.328, Z=4.979, P=0.001). Spatiotemporal scanning analysis showed that there was spatial aggregation of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019, with a total of three aggregation areas identified. Among them, the mostly aggregation area was concentrated in Xiangshan county of Ningbo city, which covered 10 counties (cities and districts), including Ninghai county and Yinzhou district, and appeared from January 1 to June 30, 2012. Conclusion: The incidence level of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province shows a stable fluctuation trend from 2010 to 2019, and the seasonal regularity is not obvious. The population group aged 50-59 years old is the key population. There is spatial aggregation in the epidemic situation of hepatitis A. Targeted prevention and control measures of hepatitis A should be done based on the law of spatiotemporal aggregation and local incidence.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Hepatitis A/epidemiology , Incidence , Spatial Analysis
18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 531-536, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide combined with bortezomib and dexamethasone (RVD) in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM).Methods:A total of 100 consecutive NDMM patients treated with RVD from August 2016 to September 2020 at Peking University People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, including response, drug toxicity, follow-up and survival, and subgroup analysis.Results:The median follow-up time was 19.5 (2.0-57.0) months. For patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) after RVD regimen, the objective response rate (ORR)/complete response+stringent complete response (CR+sCR)/≥very good partial response (VGPR) rates were 100%, 73.3% (33/45), 95.6% (43/45) respectively. For 54 patients not receiving transplantation, the ORR/CR+sCR/≥VGPR rates were 79.6% (43/54), 18.5% (10/54), 51.9% (28/54) respectively. As to the survival analysis, 2-year progression free survival (PFS) rates were 84.5% and 70.9% in transplant and non-transplant patients respectively ( P=0.102). Two-year overall survival (OS) rates were 100% and 80.8% in transplant and non-transplant patients respectively ( P=0.003). The common hematologic adverse events (AEs) were thrombocytopenia (33%) and neutropenia (25%). Abnormal liver function (43%) and peripheral neuropathy (24%) were recognized more as non-hematologic AEs. Conclusion:RVD as front-line regimen has high efficient response rate and acceptable safety in Chinese NDMM patients.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 314-318, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932059

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway disease, which is mainly characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and irreversible airflow limitation, with high prevalence and high mortality. Exacerbations of COPD will lead to deterioration of lung function and disease progression, which is the focus of COPD management. Pharmacological therapy for COPD is used to improve symptoms, lung function and health status, prevent and treat exacerbation. Triple inhaled therapy for COPD includes long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA), long-acting β 2-agonist (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroid (ICS). This article will review the research progress of triple inhaled therapy for COPD, and provide a reference for the clinical management of COPD.

20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 103-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929575

ABSTRACT

Influenza is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the influenza viruses. Older people, infants and people with underlying medical conditions could have a higher risk of severe influenza symptoms and complications. The co-infection of Coronavirus Diseases 2019 (COVID-19) with influenza viruses could lead to the complication of prevention, diagnosis, control, treatment, and recovery of COVID-19. Influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine overlapped in target populations, vaccination time, and inoculation units. Although there was insufficient evidence on the immunogenicity and safety of co-administration of influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine, World Health Organization and some countries recommended co-administration of inactivated influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine. This review summarized domestic and international vaccination policies and research progress, and put forward corresponding suggestions in order to provide scientific support for the formulation of vaccination strategy on seasonal influenza vaccine and COVID-19 vaccine.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Infant , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , China , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Seasons , Vaccination
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