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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 242-278, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013631

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of oxaliplatin combined with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 on autophagy in non-small cell lung cancer H1975 cells. Methods H1975 cells were cultured in vitro using gradient concentrations of AG1478 (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 jjimol • IT

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 381-389, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013622

ABSTRACT

Aim To discover the potential active compounds and possible mechanisms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment with Zhi-Huang-Zhi-Tong powder (ZHZTP) by using network pharmacology and in vitro study. Methods The active ingredient targets and disease targets of Zhihuang Zhitong Powder were searched and screened by database; they intersected to get a common target; and the "drug-component-target" relationship network diagram was constructed for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of the overlapping genes; then the core components were docked with the core targets. Finally, based on the inflammation model of HUVECs in vitro, the efficacy and mechanism of Zhihuang Zhitong powder were verified by MTT method, plate scratch test and Western blot. Results Active compounds involved in RA treatment were screened in the present study, and the top two were ursolic acid and emodin, all playing crucial roles in RA treatment with ZHZTP. Additionally, the key target was AKTA, TNF and IL-6. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that ZHZTP regulated BP, MF and CC, and also focused on regulating AKTA, TNF and IL-6 signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that interactions between key active compounds and key targets were stable. In vitro ZHZTP significantly inhibited cell viability and migration of TNF-a-stimulated HUVECs, and the involved mechanism may be associated with PI3K/AKT/m-TOR signaling. Conclusions The present study reveals that the potential active compounds of ZHZTP are ursolic acid and emodin, and moreover, the involved mechanisms of ZHZTP for RA treatment are associated with PI3 K/AKT/m-TOR signaling.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 232-242, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005445

ABSTRACT

To optimize the formulation and technology of oxymatrine-astragaloside IV coloaded liposomes (Om-As-Lip) based on quality by design (QbD) principles, and further to verify the feasibility of its amplification process, Om-As-Lip was prepared by ethanol injection combined with pH gradient method. The critical material attributions of Om-As-Lip were evaluated by dual-risk analysis tools and Plackett-Burman design (PBD). The formulation of Om-As-Lip was further optimized with the Box-Behnken design (BBD). The design space was also established based on the contour plots of BBD. In order to further investigate the amplification process of Om-As-Lip, the critical process parameters of high-pressure homogenization (HPH) were optimized by single-factor test, and the quality of the final product was also evaluated. The results of risk analysis and PBD confirmed that the astragaloside concentration, cholesterol concentration, and phospholipid ratio (HSPC∶SPC) were the ctitical material attributes. The model established by BBD had a good predictability, and the optimized mass ratio of As to phospholipids was 1∶40, cholesterol to phospholipids was 1∶10, HSPC to SPC was 51∶9. The design space of Om-As-Lip was as follows: the ratio of cholesterol to phospholipids was 1∶12-1∶5 and HSPC to SPC was 1∶7-17∶3. The optimized high-pressure homogenization pressure was 600 bar, temperature was 4 ℃, and cycle times was 6 times for HPH-Om-As-Lip. The quality of Om-As-Lip prepared based on the QbD concept can meet the expected CQAs, and the formulation and technology established can provide a reliable experimental basis for its future development and applications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 980-990, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015630

ABSTRACT

Cadmium(Cd) stress seriously inhibits the growth and development of plants, and Cd is enriched in the human body along the food chain, causing major risks to human health. Ethylene(ETH) is known for its role as a traditional plant hormone that plays a crucial part in various stress responses. However, the precise mechanisms by which ETH regulates plant tolerance to Cd remain unclear. In this study, we observed that treatment with 3 mg L

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1121-1126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013789

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 combined with oxaliplatin (OXA) on apoptosis of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells. Methods MTT assay was used to measure the effect of AG1478 combined with OXA on proliferation of HCT116 cells. RT-qPCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of p53, caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax. Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression of p53, caspase-3, cleaved-caspase 3, Bcl-2, Bax, p62, LC3 and IL-6. Results Both OXA and AG1478 inhibited the proliferation of HCT116 (P < 0. 01). IC

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2777-2784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999019

ABSTRACT

An ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q Exactive-Orbitrap MS) method for the simultaneous determination of 15 compounds (taurocholic acid, 7-keto-3α,12-α-dihydroxycholanic acid, glycocholic acid, 3-oxo-7α,12α-hydroxy-5β-cholanoic acid, taurochenodeoxycholic acid, 3α-hydroxy-7-oxo-5β-cholanic acid, hyocholic acid, sodium taurodeoxycholate, hyodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid, glycochenodeoxycholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid, taurolithocholic acid sodium salt, chenodeoxycholic acid, deoxycholic acid) in Niuhuang Jiangya Pills was established. The separation was performed on a Thermo Fisher Scientfic Bremen HYPERSIL GOLD C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.9 μm). Methanol and water (containing 0.1% formic acid)were adopted as the mobile phase by gradient elution.MS detection was performed with multiple reaction monitoring mode.The results showed that fifteen compounds had a good linearity within their respective concentration ranges (r > 0.999 0). The average recovery rates were 93.7%- 105.2% (n = 9). The established method was used to determine the content of 15 batches of samples, and the results showed that the content of cholic acid was quite different. The present study provides an important reference for the overall quality control of Niuhuang Jiangya Pills.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1053-1059, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998999

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes of pregnant women who underwent surgery for adnexal torsion at different gestational weeks. MethodsA retrospective study was done on 39 women who underwent surgery for adnexal torsion during pregnancy in the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University between March 2013 and March 2023, with 18 cases in 1st trimester (<14 weeks), 11 in 2nd trimester (14-27+6 weeks) and 10 in 3rd trimester (≥28 weeks). The clinical characteristics, treatment and obstetric outcomes were compared among the three groups. ResultsThe 1st trimester group had higher proportion of assisted reproductive technology (ART) use than the 2nd and 3rd trimester groups (P=0.026). There was no significant difference in the clinical manifestations, including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and fever among the three groups, while elevated white blood cells (WBC) counts was more commonly seen in the 2nd and 3rd trimester groups. Adnexal masses <5 cm in diameter occurred in 0, 18.2%, and 10.0% of cases in 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimester groups respectively (P=0.014). No statistical significance was found in the location of twisted adnexa, number of circles or pathological nature. The 1st trimester group had a higher sensitivity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of adnexal torsion compared with the 2nd and 3rd trimester groups (77.8%, 36.4%, 20.0%; P=0.008). More laparoscopic surgery were performed in the 1st trimester group than the other two groups (55.6% , 27.3%, 0.0%; P=0.008). There was no significant difference in gestational week of delivery, delivery mode, newborn gender, neonatal birth weight and follow-up of newborns among the three groups. The 3rd trimester group showed a higher risk of preterm delivery (P=0.050). ConclusionsDuring the 1st trimester of pregnancy, adnexal torsion is more common in patients using ART and ultrasound plays a crucial role in the diagnosis. During the 2nd and 3rd trimester, adnexal torsion should be suspected in patients with abdominal pain and elevated WBC but no aspetic inflammation. Laparoscopic surgery is safe for adnexal torsion during pregnancy and can achieve a favorable maternal and neonatal outcome.

8.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991695

ABSTRACT

In the outbreak of COVID-19,triage procedures based on epidemiology were implemented in a local hospital in Changsha to control the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and avoid healthcare-associated infection.This re-trospective study analyzed the data collected during the triage period and found that COVID-19 patients were en-riched 7 folds into the Section A designated for patients with obvious epidemiological history.On the other side,nearly triple amounts of visits were received at the Section B for patients without obvious epidemiological history.8 COVID-19 cases were spotted out of 247 suspected patients.More than 50%of the suspected patients were submi-tted to multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis for SARS-CoV-2 infection.Of the 239 patients who were diagnosed as negative of the virus infection,188 were successfully revisited and none was reported as COVID-19 case.Of the 8 COVID-19 patients,3 were confirmed only after multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis.Besides comorbidities,delayed sharing of epidemiological history added complexity to the diagnosis in practice.The triaging experience and strategy will be helpful for the control of infectious diseases in the future.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1260-1266, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010350

ABSTRACT

The glymphatic system can remove metabolic wastes from the brain, which plays a significant role in maintaining the homeostasis of the central nervous system. It is an important basis for advanced cognitive functions such as learning and memory. Studies have analyzed the function of glymphatic system by diffusion tensor imaging analysis along the perivascular space (DTI-ALPS) recently. Compared with other invasive examinations that require fluorescent tracer technique or the injection of contrast agents, DTI-ALPS can evaluate the hydromechanics of the glymphatic system via quantifying the diffusion rate of water molecules in different directions, which turns out to be a non-invasive in vivo neuroimaging method. The ALPS-index calculated by the DTI-ALPS method is significantly correlated with the cognitive function in diseases of central nervous system and other system and can reflect the dynamic changes of diseases. In general, ALPS-index is expected to become a novel neuroimaging biomarker for predicting prognosis and clinical effects.


Subject(s)
Glymphatic System/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Central Nervous System , Cognition
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 104-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene polymorphisms of patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan area, Fujian province.@*METHODS@#A total of 125 patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan, Fujian province, admitted to Longyan First Hospital from May 2017 to November 2020 were selected. Peripheral venous blood was collected from all the patients, and the genotypes of perforin 1 (PRF1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene loci were detected by PCR-fluorescence probe method, and the correlation between PRF1 and IL-10 gene polymorphisms and lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The mutation frequencies of PRF1 gene loci rs885821 (C>T), rs885822 (C>T), rs1889490 (G>A) in patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome were 10.40%, 78.8% and 64.4%, respectively. The mutation frequencies of rs1800872 (A>C), rs1800871 (C>T) and rs1800896 (G>A) of IL-10 loci were 56.0%, 45.2% and 77.6%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#PRF1 and IL-10 gene loci were polymorphic in patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan area, Fujian province. Alleles C and G of PRF1 and IL-10 were risk factors, and alleles T and A were protective factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genotype , Interleukin-10/genetics , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/genetics , Lymphoma/genetics , Perforin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3565-3575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981488

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism of Zhenwu Decoction in the treatment of heart failure by regulating electrical remodeling through the transient outward potassium current(I_(to))/voltage-gated potassium(Kv) channels. Five normal SD rats were intragastrically administered with Zhenwu Decoction granules to prepare drug-containing serum, and another seven normal SD rats received an equal amount of distilled water to prepare blank serum. H9c2 cardiomyocytes underwent conventional passage and were treated with angiotensin Ⅱ(AngⅡ) for 24 h. Subsequently, 2%, 4%, and 8% drug-containing serum, simvastatin(SIM), and BaCl_2 were used to interfere in H9c2 cardiomyocytes for 24 h. The cells were divided into a control group [N, 10% blank serum + 90% high-glucose DMEM(DMEM-H)], a model group(M, AngⅡ + 10% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), a low-dose Zhenwu Decoction-containing serum group(Z1, AngⅡ + 2% drug-containing serum of Zhenwu Decoction + 8% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), a medium-dose Zhenwu Decoction-containing serum group(Z2, AngⅡ + 4% drug-containing serum of Zhenwu Decoc-tion + 6% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), a high-dose Zhenwu Decoction-containing serum group(Z3, AngⅡ + 8% drug-containing serum of Zhenwu Decoction + 2% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), an inducer group(YD, AngⅡ + SIM + 10% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), and an inhibitor group(YZ, AngⅡ + BaCl_2 + 10% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H). The content of ANP in cell extracts of each group was detected by ELISA. The relative mRNA expression levels of ANP, Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, DPP6, and KChIP2 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The protein expression of Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, DPP6, and KChIP2 was detected by Western blot. I_(to) was detected by the whole cell patch-clamp technique. The results showed that Zhenwu Decoction at low, medium, and high doses could effectively reduce the surface area of cardiomyocytes. Compared with the M group, the Z1, Z2, Z3, and YD groups showed decreased ANP content and mRNA level, increased protein and mRNA expression of Kv4.2, Kv4.3, DPP6, and KChIP2, and decreased protein and mRNA expression of Kv1.4, and the aforementioned changes were the most notable in the Z3 group. Compared with the N group, the Z1, Z2, and Z3 groups showed significantly increased peak current and current density of I_(to). The results indicate that Zhenwu Decoction can regulate myocardial remodeling and electrical remodeling by improving the expression trend of Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, KChIP2, and DPP6 proteins and inducing I_(to) to regulate Kv channels, which may be one of the mechanisms of Zhenwu Decoction in treating heart failure and related arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Myocytes, Cardiac , Atrial Remodeling , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Heart Failure/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Potassium
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3386-3393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981474

ABSTRACT

The present study collected data on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compounds effective in relieving pain from the patent database of the State Intellectual Property Office(SIPO), sorted out the TCM compounds against pain in patents, and analyzed the medication rules to provide references for the research and development of new TCM drugs against pain. The data were subjected to frequency statistics, association rules, cluster analysis, and complex network analysis by IBM SPSS Modeler 18.3 and SPSS Statistical 26.0. The results showed that among the 101 oral prescriptions included in the statistics, the top 5 drugs were Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and among the 49 external prescriptions included in the statistics, the top 5 drugs were Myrrha, Olibanum, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Borneolum Syntheticum, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma. Whether oral or external prescriptions, the drugs were mainly warm in nature, and bitter, pungent, and sweet in flavor. According to TCM complex network analysis, the core drugs were Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma in oral prescriptions, and Olibanum, Myrrha, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and Angelicae Sinensis Radix in external prescriptions. Overall, the therapeutic principles of oral prescriptions were mainly replenishing Qi, nourishing blood, and promoting Qi and blood circulation, while those of external prescriptions were activating blood, resolving stasis, promoting Qi flow, and relieving pain on the basis of the oral prescriptions. In the future research and development of TCM compounds against pain, the prescriptions should be modified with mind-tranquilizing and depression-relieving drugs. With the modernization of TCM, the development of new pain-relieving TCM compound patents based on ancient methods and clinical experience adhering to the guidance of TCM treatment based on syndrome differentiation can meet the new demand for pain treatment in the current society and give full play to the advantages of TCM in pain treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Frankincense , Pain , Paeonia , Coleoptera
13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 485-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984557

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possible mechanism of Radix Paeoniae Alba on hepatic fibrosis based on network pharmacology. Methods Tcmsp database was used to screen the active components of Paeonia alba. With the help of PubChem and Swiss target prediction database, the potential action targets of the effective components of Paeonia Alba were predicted. GeneCards and OMIM databases were used to screen the corresponding targets of liver fibrosis, and venn2.1.0 was used to obtain the common targets of white peony and liver fibrosis. Cytoscape 3.9.0 software was used to build the network diagram of “white peony - active ingredients - intersection target - liver fibrosis” and to predict the main active sites. String database was used to draw the PPI network. Go analysis of effective targets and enrichment analysis of KEGG in pathway were performed by David database. Results Six effective components, 213 targets of Paeonia Alba and 155 hepatic fibrosis targets were screened. There were 49 targets of Radix Paeoniae Alba in the treatment of liver fibrosis. The main active ingredients are kaempferol, paeoniflorin, mairin and β-Sitosterol. Go enrichment analysis showed 269 biological processes, 30 cell compositions, 64 molecular functions, and 67 pathways in KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Conclusion The mechanism of anti-hepatic fibrosis of Radix Paeoniae Alba has been preliminarily studied through network pharmacology, which shows that Radix Paeoniae Alba has multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel effects, and provides reference for further experimental research.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6142-6153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008813

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the intervention effect and mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in regulating tumor-associated macrophage polarization on colorectal cancer under chronic stress. BALB/C mice were randomized into blank, control, model, mifepristone, and low-, medium-, and high-dose Tongxie Yaofang groups. The other groups except the blank and model groups were subjected to chronic restraint stress and subcutaneous implantation of colon cancer cells for the modeling of colon cancer under stress. Du-ring this period, the body mass and tumor size of each group of mice were recorded. The degree of depression in mice was assessed by behavioral changes. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to determine the levels of cortisol(CORT), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), norepinephrine(NE), M1-associated inflammatory cytokines [interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-12, and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α], and M2-associated inflammatory cytokines(IL-4 and IL-10) in the serum. The tumor growth of mice in each group was regularly monitored by in vivo imaging. The histopathological changes of tumors in each group of mice were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The proportions of CD86 and CD206 in the tumor tissue were detected by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of Janus kinase(JAK)1, JAK2, JAK3, signal transducer and activator of transcription(STAT)3, and STAT6 in the tumor tissue. The results showed that chronic stress increased the immobility time of mice, elevated the serum levels of CORT, IL-4, and IL-10, lowered the levels of 5-HT, NE, IL-1β, IL-12, and TNF-α, and promoted the growth of subcutaneous tumors. The tumor cells in the tumor tissue grew actively, with obvious atypia and up-regulated protein levels of CD206, JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, STAT3, and STAT6, and down-regulated protein level of CD86. The treatment with Tongxie Yaofang shortened the immobility time of mice, lowered the serum levels of CORT, IL-4, and IL-10, elevated the serum levels of 5-HT, NE, IL-1β, IL-12, and TNF-α, and inhibited the growth of subcutaneous tumors in mice. Moreover, the treatment caused different degrees of necrosis in the tumor tissues, down-regulated the protein levels of CD206, JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, STAT3, and STAT6, and up-regulated the protein level of CD86. In summary, Tongxie Yaofang can promote the transformation of M2 macrophages to M1 macrophages and change the tumor microenvironment under chronic stress to inhibit the development of colorectal cancer, which may be related to the JAK/STAT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Interleukin-10 , Tumor-Associated Macrophages/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Interleukin-4 , Serotonin , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-12 , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Tumor Microenvironment
15.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 188-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973004

ABSTRACT

@#Acetyl dipeptide-1 cetyl ester (AD-1) is a synthetic peptide composed of acetic acid and cetyl alcohol with arginine and tyrosine, which has certain anti-inflammatory and skin barrier enhancement effects, has been used in cosmetics for sensitive skin.Meanwhile, the ingredient has also been used in anti-aging cosmetics, but there is a lack of published scientific evidence on anti- senescence aspect.In this study, we investigated the related effects of AD-1 by evaluating its in vitro antioxidant and antiglycation efficacies.Furthermore, we established a photoaging model on primary rat dermal fibroblasts by repeated exposures to UVA irradiation.MTT assay was used to detect the effects of AD-1 on the cell viability.RT-qPCR was used to determine the effects of AD-1 on the mRNA levels of senescence-related p21, p53, MMPs, IL6, Col1, Col3 and autophagy-related p62, ATG5, ATG7.Western blot was used to detect the effects of AD-1 on the protein levels of p16, p21, p53, Col1, LC3B and p62.SA-β-gal was performed to indicate senescence level of the cell.MDC was performed to indicate autophagy level.Intracellular reactive oxygen species were monitored by fluorescent probes DCFH-DA.The results showed that AD-1 could reduce UVA-induced the cell damage and regulate the abnormal expression of mRNA levels. It alleviated the abnormal protein levels of p16, p21, p53, Col1, LC3B and p62 induced by UVA. These results suggested that AD-1 has not only antioxidant and antiglycation effects but also can activate autophagy to achieve anti-senescence effect.

16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971405

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the long-term characteristics of tinnitus following treatment of sudden deafness and its long-term physical and mental effects on patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients (46 males and 42 females; Age from 11 to 89 years) with sudden deafness treated in Department of Otoscope Surgery of Peoples's Libration Army General Hospital in Beijing from April 2020 to January 2021, and the occurrence of tinnitus and treatment effect of all patients were analyzed. Follow-up was conducted for patients with residual tinnitus after treatment for more than 1 year by the investigation and filling in the survey information collection form, Tinnitus Evaluation Questionnaire (TEQ) and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). Descriptive statistics and SPSS 22.0 software were used for statistical data analysis. Results: In this study, 93.2% (82/88) of patients with sudden deafness were accompanied by tinnitus at the onset, and the proportion of long-term tinnitus after treatment was 90.2% (74/82). After 1 year of treatment for sudden deafness, the improvement of tinnitus was significant in low-frequency sudden deafness compared with those of high-frequency, flat and total deafness sudden deafness (χ2 value was 6.801, 4.568 and 4.038, all P<0.05). In patients with residual tinnitus, 9 (12.2%) patients felt minimal loudness or even no loudness, 34 (46.0%) patients felt slight loudness, 28 (37.8%) patients felt tinnitus was relatively loud, and 3 (4.1%) patients felt tinnitus was loud or noisy. Nine (12.2%) patients's sleep was often affected, 41 (55.4%) patients's sleep was sometimes affected, 9 (12.2%) patients's sleep was rarely affected, 15 (20.3%) patients's sleep was almost not affected. Twenty-eight (37.8%) patients basically completely adapted to tinnitus and 46 (62.2%) patients did not completely adapted to residual tinnitus. Eight (10.8%) patients had no impact on life, 39 (52.7%) patients had slight impact, 22 (29.7%) patients had moderate impact, and the other 5 (6.8%) patients had greater impact. According to tinnitus evaluation questionnaire(TEQ), there were 12 cases (16.2%) of grade Ⅰ, 26 cases (35.1%) of grade Ⅱ, 28 cases (37.8%) of grade Ⅲ, 7 cases (9.5%) of grade Ⅳ and 1 case (1.4%) of grade Ⅴ. According to tinnitus handicap inventory(THI), tinnitus disability was classified into grade Ⅰ, 22 cases (29.7%), grade Ⅱ, 14 cases (18.9%), Grade Ⅲ, 27 cases (36.5%) and grade Ⅳ, 11 cases (14.9%). Conclusion: The rate of residual tinnitus following treatment of sudden deafness is high. Some of the patients can completely adapt residual tinnitus after one year, but some of them will be affected when sleep, work and study. Residual tinnitus can lead to tinnitus disability in different degrees.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hearing Loss, Sudden/therapy , Tinnitus/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Deafness/complications , Audiometry
17.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 577-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003578

ABSTRACT

@#Using high performance liquid chromatography and high resolution orbital trap mass spectrometry, a two-dimensional online desalting detection method was established to determine the structure of the impurities detected under the official testing conditions of lansoprazole enteric solution preparation, and a chromatographic method compatible with mass spectrometry was established to determine and presume the structure of the impurities that could not be separated by the the official testing method.The identification of impurity was to presume its structure according to the presence of impurity reference product, so as to investigate the difference of impurity spectrum of products from different manufacturers.The one-dimensional chromatographic conditions for the 2D online desalting method were the same as those in China Pharmacopoeia (2020) under relevant substances.Two-dimensional chromatography was performed on a Waters C18 T3 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) with 0.1% formic acid in water-acetonitrile mobile phase and gradient elution.The chromatographic conditions for the compatible mass spectra were based on an Agilent Extend C18 (4.6 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) column with mobile phase A: 25 mmol/L ammonium acetate and B: 25 mmol/L ammonium acetate-acetonitrile (1∶4) [pH adjusted to 6.5 with glacial acetic acid], with gradient elution. Nine impurities were detected by two-dimensional online desalting method, with 5 known impurities (A-E) and 4 unknown ones.14 impurities were detected by the compatible mass spectrometry method, with 9 unknown impurities (4 consistent with the results of two-dimensional online desalting method, and 5 newly detected).The structures and sources of the unknown impurities were deduced.The two detection methods of lansoprazole preparation by high-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution orbital trap mass spectrometry have guiding significance for quality control and process evaluation.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 525-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970489

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the recovery effect of Zuogui Jiangtang Qinggan Prescription on intestinal flora homeostasis control and intestinal mucosal barrier in type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) induced by a high-fat diet. NAFLD was established in MKR transgenic mice(T2DM mice) by a high-fat diet(HFD), and subsequently treated for 8 weeks with Zuogui Jiangtang Qinggan Prescription(7.5, 15 g·kg~(-1)) and metformin(0.067 g·kg~(-1)). Triglyceride and liver function were assessed using serum. The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and Masson staining were used to stain the liver tissue, while HE staining and AB-PAS staining were used to stain the intestine tissue. 16S rRNA sequencing was utilized to track the changes in the intestinal flora of the mice in each group. Polymerase chain reaction(PCR) and immunofluorescence were used to determine the protein and mRNA expression levels of ZO-1, Occludin, and Claudin-1. The results demonstrated that Zuogui Jiangtang Qinggan Prescription increased the body mass of T2DM mice with NAFLD and decreased the hepatic index. It down-regulated the serum biomarkers of liver function and dyslipidemia such as alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate transaminase(AST), and triglycerides(TG), increased insulin sensitivity, and improved glucose tolerance. According to the results of 16S rRNA sequencing, the Zuogui Jiangtang Qinggan Prescription altered the composition and abundance of the intestinal flora, increasing the relative abundances of Muribaculaceae, Lactobacillaceae, Lactobacillus, Akkermansia, and Bacteroidota and decreasing the relative abundances of Lachnospiraceae, Firmicutes, Deslfobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Desulfovibrionaceae. According to the pathological examination of the intestinal mucosa, Zuogui Jiangtang Qinggan Prescritpion increased the expression levels of the tight junction proteins ZO-1, Occludin, and Claudin-1, promoted intestinal mucosa repair, protected intestinal villi, and increased the height of intestinal mucosa villi and the number of goblet cells. By enhancing intestinal mucosal barrier repair and controlling intestinal microbiota homeostasis, Zuogui Jiangtang Qinggan Prescription reduces intestinal mucosal damage induced by T2DM and NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Occludin/pharmacology , Claudin-1/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa , Liver , Triglycerides/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat , Homeostasis , Mice, Inbred C57BL
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 168-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970201

ABSTRACT

Axillary arch is the most common type of axillary muscle fiber variation, with about 10.8% incidence in the Chinese population. Its natural forms are varied and fluid, with different starting points and terminations, and clinicians frequently lack recognition. Under commonly applicated sentinel lymph node biopsy, the axillary arch has been endowed with more clinical significance. The fabric of axillary arch will not only block lymphatic drainage in axilla and unclear anatomical level of axillary dissection, but also compress the axillary neurovascular bundle, causing upper limb venous thrombosis, lymphedema and nerve entrapment. The intumescent axillary arch may also show abnormal axillary bulge. In addition to finding axillary arch during cadaveric study and operation, several of imaging methods availably diagnose axillary arch preoperative, which can create new way for detection of axillary arch and extension of the surgical plan of sentinel lymph node biopsy. Although embryology and comparative anatomy have been used to explain the origin of the axillary arch, most of the ideas are still hypotheses and need further study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axilla , Clinical Relevance , Asian People , Drainage , Lymph Node Excision
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 779-788, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965628

ABSTRACT

Size and surface modification are the two key factors affecting the effect of macrophages polarization induced by superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs). The smaller the particle size, the better the polarization effect of SPIONs. Besides, the reasonable SPIONs surface modification method can also be used to enhance the polarization effect. In this study, SPIONs was prepared by solvothermal method and optimized by Box-Benhnken center combination design and response surface method. Furthermore, astragalus polysaccharide-superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocomplex (APS-SPIONs) was successfully constructed by EDC/NHS esterification method. The structure of APS-SPIONs was confirmed by dynamic light scatter and infrared spectrometer, and the contents of iron and polysaccharide were characterized by spectrophotometry. The effect of APS-SPIONs on inducing mouse macrophages RAW264.7 polarization was investigated by flow cytometry. The RAW264.7 macrophages-HepG2 human hepatoma cancer cells Transwell co-culture system was established to investigate APS-SPIONs improve anti-tumor function of macrophages in vitro, and the proliferation activity of APS-SPIONs on RAW264.7 detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. The results showed that the average particle size and zeta potential of APS-SPIONs were (82.93 ± 1.47) nm and (-24.00 ± 0.47) mV. Polysaccharide and Fe content were 8.69% and 7.04%, respectively. APS-SPIONs effectively induced the polarization of RAW264.7 into M1 type in vitro, improving the anti-tumor ability of macrophages in a co-culture system, without effecting the proliferation of macrophages. Our study provides a drug development strategy and preliminary research results to educate macrophages and reshape the tumor immune microenvironment to achieve tumor-killing effects.

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