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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 178-189, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872602

ABSTRACT

The emerging nano-black phosphorus materials have created a new platform for biomedical research. Nano-black phosphorus has the following advantages: black phosphorus can produce singlet oxygen under near-infrared light irradiation, so it can be used as a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy;black phosphorus has extensive light absorption in the long wavelength region, and this near-infrared photothermal property can be used in photothermal therapy. The high specific surface area and unique fold structure of the black phosphorus nanosheet make it have very high drug loading.This paper mainly reviews the applications of black phosphorus in biological imaging, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, and as a drug carrier in recent years. Based on the photoelectric properties of black phosphorus nanomaterials combined with intelligent drug delivery platform, the synergistic effects of light/heat/chemistry, light/chemistry/gene, and light/chemistry/immunity can be produced, which has a broad application prospect.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 627-632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the MRI features of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 12 patients with CAA-ri diagnosed in Affiliated Guizhou Aviation Industry Cor Ltd No 300 Hospital of Zunyi Medical University (9 cases), Xingyi People′s Hospital (2 cases) and Anshun people′s Hospital (1 case) from June 2013 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 3 females and 9 males, aged from 57 to 89 years old, with an average age of 71±10 years. The twelve patients included 5 cases with probable CAA-ri and 7 cases with possible CAA-ri. The duration of the disease ranged from 30 minutes to 2 years. One patient has ApoE ε4/ε4 gene overexpressed. All the 12 patients underwent MRI, including susceptibility weighted imaging in 12 cases, DWI in 10 cases, contrast enhanced MRI (CE-MRI) in 9 cases, MRS in 3 cases, MRA in 7 cases, and perfusion-weighted imaging in 1 case.Results:Imaging features of CAA-ri included encephalopathic, tumoral, classical cerebral amyloid angiopathy(CAA) manifestations. Twelve cases of encephalopathic manifestations showed patchy white matter hyperintensity (WMH) involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence (FLAIR), usually asymmetric,with various degree of mass effect, no diffusion restriction on DWI and no enhancement on CE-MRI. One case showed a single tumoral lesion with irregular enhancement on CE-MRI. The classic CAA findings included hemorrhagic lesions (microhemorrhage in 8 cases, lobar hemorrhage in 6 cases, subarachnoid hemorrhage in 3 cases, iron deposition on the brain surface in 7 cases) and ischemic lesions (microinfarction in 1 case, enlarged perivascular space and interlobar space in 4 cases). Follow-up showed lesions absorption and/or new lesion formation in 5 cases. Conclusions:The MRI features of CAA-ri are mainly patchy WMH involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 FLAIR, usually asymmetric, with wandering and alternating features, and inconsistency with clinical manifestations.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 193-197,202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis for early cervical cancer.Methods:Retrospectively analyze the preoperative PET/CT examination results and postoperative pathological results of patients with early cervical cancer who underwent surgical treatment from May 5, 2019 to August 31, 2020, and analyze the clinical characteristics, so as to explore the high risk factors of PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis.Results:The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC) of PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis were 75.2%, 60.0%, 81.3% and 0.707, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that 2009 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, tumor diameter >4 cm, lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI) positive, depth of invasion, high squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) level and cytological grade were important factors for PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis ( P<0.05); Multivariate analysis showed that tumor diameter >4 cm was an independent risk factor for PET/CT diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis ( P=0.015). Conclusions:PET/CT has a certain diagnostic value in the evaluation of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis, but it can not fully reflect the facticity of lymph node metastasis; tumor diameter > 4cm is an independent risk factor for PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediation effect of personality between negative life events and risky mentation of university students.Methods:A cross sectional investigation was conducted among 8 379 freshmen with the adolescent self-rating life events check list (ASLEC), the prodromal questionnaire(PQ-16) and the Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ). The data were analyzed by SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 24.0.Results:The total score of negative life events scale((31.16±0.58) vs (15.19±0.15)), the scores of neuroticism((58.20±0.36) vs (41.59±0.13)) and psychoticism((53.07±0.29) vs (47.71±0.08)) in the risk psychological state group were significantly higher ( t=26.611, 42.270, 17.286, all P<0.01), and the score of introversion-extroversion factor was significantly lower((49.83±0.42) vs (55.88±0.13), t=-13.634, P<0.01) than those in the risk-free psychological state group. There was a positive correlation between the scores of risk psychological state and negative life events( r=0.290, 0.334, both P<0.01), and the scores of risk psychological state and negative life events were positively correlated with the scores of personality neuroticism and psychoticism ( r=0.139-0.469, all P<0.01) in both risk psychological state and risk-free psychological state group.The risk psychological state score of college students was negatively correlated with the inside and outside personality score( r=-0.070, P<0.01), and the score of negative life events was not correlated with introversion-extroversion personality score in the risk psychological state group, while the score of risk psychological state, negative life events and introversion-extroversion personality score were negatively correlated in the risk-free psychological state group ( r=-0.177, -0.080, P<0.01). The personality of college students played a complete mediating role between negative life events and risk psychological state in the risk psychological state group, while the personality of college students in the risk-free psychological state group played a partial mediating role between negative life events and risk psychological state, accounted for 71.43% of the total effect. Conclusion:Negative life events not only directly lead to the risky mentation of college students, but also affect the risky mentation of college students by the mediation effect of introverted and extroverted tendency and unstable emotion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of video-electroencephalogram(VEEG) monitoring in the diagnosis and localization of children with epilepsy.Methods:The clinical data of 310 children with clinical epilepsy symptoms diagnosed and treated in Tangshan Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital and Qilu Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from May 2018 to April 2020 were analyzed. All children underwent routine EEG (REEG), VEEG monitoring, and positron emission computed tomography (PET-CT) for children undergoing surgery. REEG and VEEG was compared to monitor epileptic form discharges; the location of epileptic lesions was compared by different examination methods, and children were followed up after surgery.Results:Among the 310 children, 247 children were diagnosed with epilepsy and 63 children were suspected of epilepsy. The detection rate of VEEG epileptic form discharge was higher than that of REEG: 87.4% (216/247) vs. 45.7% (113/247), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 6.3042, P<0.05). Among 247 children with epilepsy, during the VEEG test, 81 children (32.8%) had clinical symptoms, of whom 65 had seizures and 16 had non-epileptic seizures. The detection rate of VEEG for epilepsy was higher than that of clinical seizures: 87.5% (216/247) vs. 32.8% (81/247), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 8.6148, P<0.05). Among the 247 children with epilepsy diagnosed, 144 children had epilepsy syndrome, temporal lobe epilepsy accounted for 54.17% (78/144), and frontal lobe epilepsy accounted for 34.2% (50/144). The accuracy of preoperative VEEG localization of epilepsy lesions in 50 children undergoing surgery was higher than that of PET-CT and REEG: 80.0% (40/50) vs. 56.0% (28/50), 54.0% (27/50), and the differences were statistical significance ( χ2 = 5.3014, 5.6031, P<0.05). Postoperative follow-up of 50 children who had underwent surgery showed that 50.0% (25/50) of the children had no seizures, and 38.0% (19/50) of the children had significant improvements in postoperative seizure time, seizure period, and clinical manifestations. 12.0% (6/50) of the children had no significant improvement in clinical symptoms. Conclusions:VEEG can improve the detection rate of epileptic form discharges, and provide an important basis for clinical diagnosis of epilepsy, and have important value in locating epilepsy lesions before surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of rumination in patients with primary glaucomatous visual field defect and explore the influencing factors.Methods:Totally 267 patients with primary glaucomatous visual field defect were selected via convenience sampling method. Invasive rumination, purpose rumination, and self-management behaviors among different visual field were compared. The main influencing factors of invasive rumination and purpose rumination were analyzed.Results:Total score of rumination in patients with primary glaucomatous visual field defect was (29.90±5.58) points, average item score of self-management behaviors was (2.81±0.31) points. There were no significant difference in invasive rumination, purpose rumination, self-management behaviors among different visual field ( P>0.05). Accidental injury, life adjustment, income of family per mouth and degree of education could explain 30.7% of the total invasive rumination variation; disease management, body function promotion and accidental injury could explain 11.1% of the total purpose rumination variation. Conclusions:Rumination and self-management behaviors in patients with primary glaucomatous visual field were at a lower middle level and middle level respectively. Medical staff should attach importance to assess the invasive rumination among these patients with accidental injury, poor ability of life adjustment, low income of family per mouth and low degree of education. Through lowering the negative experience, changing the cognitive and taking correct self-management behaviors, then prognosis of disease would be improved.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TCF7L2 gene polymorphism and related mechanisms in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are at high risk for osteoporosis (OP) .Methods:148 postmenopausal women with T2DM from Jan. 2019 to Jun. 2020 were selected as study subjects. Among them, 86 patients combined with OP (T2DM+OP group) and 62 patients without OP (T2DM group) were included, and 100 healthy postmenopausal women who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were included as the control group. Fasting venous blood was extracted to detect clinical and bone metabolism indicators. Two SNP sites of TCF7L2, rs7901695 (T>C) and rs290487 (C>T) , were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis and section analysis (SNaPshot) . The relative mRNA expression of TCF7L2 gene was determined by quantitative real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR assay. To investigate the effects of overexpression and silencing of TCF7L2 on proliferation of rat osteoblasts, lentiviral vectors were constructed.Results:For rs7901695, TT, TC and CC genotypes in T2DM+OP group, T2DM group and control group were significantly different ( χ2=12.545, P=0.014) , and the frequency distribution of T and C alleles was significantly different among the three groups ( χ2=17.089, P<0.001) . For RS290487, CC, CT and TT genotypes of T2DM+OP group, T2DM group and control group were significantly different ( χ2=10.500, P=0.033) , and the frequency distribution of C and T alleles was significantly different among the three groups ( χ2=14.665, P=0.001) . For rs7901695, FPG and TG levels in T2DM+OP patients with CC+TC genotype were significantly higher than those with wild-type TT genotype (FPG: t=2.559, P=0.014; TG: t=2.034, P=0.036) , while serum calcium and 25OHD3 levels were significantly lower than those with Wild-type TT genotype (calcium: t=3.889, P<0.001; 25OHD: t=4.112, P<0.001) . For rs290487 site, serum calcium, BGP and 25OHD3 levels in T2DM+OP patients with TT+CT genotype were significantly lower than those with wild-type CC genotype, and the difference was statistically significant (calcium: t=3.751, P<0.001; BGP: 2.731, P=0.007; 25OHD3: t=3.225, P=0.002) . The relative mRNA expression level of TCF7L2 gene in T2DM+OP patients was significantly lower than that in T2DM group and the control group ( F=5.735, P<0.05) . With the increase of Allele C at rs7901695, the relative mRNA expression level of TCF7L2 gene decreased gradually ( F=5.723, P<0.05) . In addition, the proliferation rate of rat osteoblasts overexpressed by TCF7L2 was significantly increased, while the proliferation level of TCF7L2 silenced osteoblasts was significantly decreased ( F=7.846, P<0.05) . Conclusion:In postmenopausal WOMEN with T2DM, the variation of TCF7L2 gene will lead to the decrease of gene expression level, and the suppression of osteoblasts proliferation, thus participate in the pathogenesis of OP.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis of two rare imported patients with human African trypanosomias (HAT) after treatment in a follow-up study, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, so as to provide insights into the treatment of imported HAT patients. Methods The white blood cells in cerebrospinal fluid samples and the trypomastigotes in cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples were monitored in an imported case with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment and in an imported case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis. Results There were 1, 1, 4 and 2 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment, and there were 3, 6, 4 and 3 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment. In addition, no trypomastigotes were identified in the cerebrospinal fluid or blood samples of either case with T. brucei rhodesiense or T. brucei gambiense infection. Conclusion Following standardized treatment, two imported cases with human African trypanosomiasis cases recover satisfactorily, without any signs of relapse.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence rate and risk factors for metabolic bone disease of prematurity (MBDP) in very low birth weight/extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW) infants.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 61 786 neonates from multiple centers of China between September 1, 2013 and August 31, 2016 were retrospectively investigated, including 504 VLBW/ELBW preterm infants who met the inclusion criteria. Among the 504 infants, 108 infants diagnosed with MBDP were enrolled as the MBDP group and the remaining 396 infants were enrolled as the non-MBDP group. The two groups were compared in terms of general information of mothers and preterm infants, major diseases during hospitalization, nutritional support strategies, and other treatment conditions. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for MBDP.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of MBDP was 19.4% (88/452) in VLBW preterm infants and 38.5% (20/52) in ELBW preterm infants. The incidence rate of MBDP was 21.7% in preterm infants with a gestational age of < 32 weeks and 45.5% in those with a gestational age of < 28 weeks. The univariate analysis showed that compared with the non-MBDP group, the MBDP group had significantly lower gestational age and birth weight, a significantly longer length of hospital stay, and a significantly higher incidence rate of extrauterine growth retardation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#A lower gestational age, hypocalcemia, extrauterine growth retardation at discharge, and neonatal sepsis may be associated an increased risk of MBDP in VLBW/ELBW preterm infants. It is necessary to strengthen perinatal healthcare, avoid premature delivery, improve the awareness of the prevention and treatment of MBDP among neonatal pediatricians, and adopt positive and reasonable nutrition strategies and comprehensive management measures for preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879035

ABSTRACT

Sea buckthorn(Hippophae rhamnoides) is widely distributed, with abundant resources, a long history of application, and rich nutrition and high medicinal value. Therefore, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers at home and abroad. The focus of attention is mainly on sea buckthorn fruit, but with weak research and development of sea buckthorn leaves. In order to develop and utilize abundant resources of sea buckthorn leaves, this paper systematically reviewed domestic and foreign literatures and summarized the current application, harvesting and processing, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of sea buckthorn leaves. Sea buckthorn leaves have a wide development and utilization value in food raw materials(like a substituting-for-tea plant), pharmaceutical raw materials and animal feed. Modern studies have shown that the leaves of sea buckthorn are rich in polysaccharides, flavonoids, polyphenols, triterpenes and steroids, as well as vitamins(especially vitamin C), proteins, amino acids and mineral elements. It has various pharmacological effects, such as anti-obesity, hypoglycemia, anti-oxidation, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-cardiovascular diseases. Domestic and foreign studies have showed that sea buckthorn leaves have important development and utilization prospects, and are worth further study and development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Fruit , Hippophae , Plant Leaves , Polyphenols
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 743-750, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876519

ABSTRACT

Biphasic dissolution test, consisting of immiscible aqueous and organic phase, is an in vitro dissolution method that simultaneously measures the dissolution and partition of drugs. Due to the advantages of simulating in vivo absorption and overcoming the influence of surfactants on dissolution, it has been widely used to evaluate the poorly soluble drugs in vitro dissolution. Based on the relevant research in this field in recent years, this review summarizes the history, dissolution device, theoretical model and application of the biphasic dissolution test. Finally, the prospects in the development of biphasic dissolution test are also outlined.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833758

ABSTRACT

Blastocystis, an enteric protist, has been reported to be an important cause of protozoal gastrointestinal manifestations in humans and animals worldwide. Animals harboring certain Blastocystis subtypes (STs) may serve as a potential source of human infection. However, information about the prevalence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in alpacas is limited. In the present study, a total of 366 fecal samples from alpacas in Shanxi Province, northern China, were examined for Blastocystis by PCR amplification of the small subunit rRNA gene, followed by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The prevalence of Blastocystis in alpacas was 23.8%, and gender difference in the prevalence of Blastocystiswas observed. The most predominant Blastocystis ST was ST10, followed by ST14 and ST5. The detection of ST5, a potentially zoonotic genotype, indicates that alpacas harboring ST5 could be a potential source of human infection with Blastocystis. These data provide new insight into the prevalence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in alpacas.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876184

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate epidemic characteristics of a family cluster of COVID-19, and to provide reference in improving the criteria for exclusion diagnosis and medical observation of close contacts. Methods Field epidemiological method was used to investigate the cases and close contacts of a family cluster of COVID-19 in Pudong New Area.Descriptive analysis was conducted on epidemiological data.Real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in the respiratory tract specimens. Results There were two confirmed cases and one suspected case in the family cluster.The source of infection was Case 1 with a living history in Wuhan, Hubei Province.Case 2 and Case 3, as close contacts, received 14-day medical observation in a centralized isolation site.Case 2 showed symptoms 4 days after the onset of Case 1, and the diagnosis of COVID-19 was excluded after two negative nucleic acid tests during the isolation period.However, after the expiration of isolation, Case 2 was diagnosed positively for COVID-19 and Case 3 was suspected first and then excluded. Conclusion Daily close contact is critical for COVID-19 transmission and is the major cause of family clustering.Once the close contacts show symptoms, diagnosis should be made by combining the results of nucleic acid test, chest CT test, serological test, etc.We suggest to grade the risk of infection for close contacts, and to strengthen the standard of medical observation for close contacts with high risk of infection.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1326-1331, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, laboratorial and bone marrow pathological features of primary thrombocytopenia (ET) patients with different mutations of CALR, JAK2 and MPL genes.@*METHODS@#The chinical data of 120 cases of ET in Jiangsu provincial people's hospital/ The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected and analyzed, including 76 cases with JAK2 gene mutation, 40 cases with CALR gene mutation, 2 cases with MPL gene mutations, 2 cases without gene mutation.@*RESULTS@#Among the ET patients, compared with the JAK2 gene mutation, CALR gene mutation showed statistically significant deareament of white blood cells and hemoglobin (P=0.001, P=0.01) and the male platelets in CALR group showed significant increament (P=0.04). Fourthermore, the average number of megakaryocytes and its cluster numbers in each hight power field of vision showed statistically significant decreament in CALR group as compared with JAK2 group (P=0.001, P=0.001), and thrombotic events in CALR group were signicantly lower than those in JAK2 group (7.5% vs 18.4%) (P=0.03).@*CONCLUSION@#Mutations of CALR, JAK2 have different clinical characteristics and blood pathological changes of Chinese ET patients, and their clinical significance is worth to explore.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Calreticulin , Genetics , China , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873278

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the protective mechanism of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma (GNC) extracts on cardiac aging in diabetic mice by observing the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, changes of cardiac pathomorphological and related senescent proteins. Method::C57BL/6 male mice, SPF level, were randomly divided into normal control group and high-glucose group. The mice in high-glucose group were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) and fed with high-fat diet. After successful modeling, they were randomly divided into model group, low-dose GNC group (0.819 g·kg-1), high-dose GNC group (1.638 g·kg-1) and metformin group (150 mg·kg-1). The drug was administered by gavage once a day for a continuous period of 9 weeks. 4-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were normally fed for 1 week as a youth group. General conditions of mice were observed. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining combined with transmission electron microscope (TEM) was used to observe the cardiac pathomorphology in mice. Von Kossa staining was used to determine the degree of calcium salt deposition in cardiac micro vessels. Western blot was used to detect the activation of signaling pathways in myocardial tissue of mice, as well as the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2), tumor suppressor p53 (p53), and phospho-tumor suppressor p53 (p-p53). Result::As compared with the normal group, the blood glucose in the model group increased (P<0.01), as compared with the model group, the blood glucose in each administration group decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of three pathological morphology experiments (HE, TEM, and Von Kossa) showed that as compared with the normal control group, the mice in model group showed cardiomyocytes hypertrophy, disordered arrangement of myocardial fibers, focal dissolving and necrosis, mitochondria swelling, degeneration, crest fracture, vacuolar alteration, disordered microvascular structure of the heart, uneven staining, and a large amount of calcium deposition in tunica media and intima. As compared with the model group, the pathomorphological changes of mice in each administration group were improved in varying degrees. Compared with the normal group, the expression levels of MMP-2, p53 and p-p53 protein in the model group were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the protein ratios of p-liver kinase B2(LKB1)/LKB1, p-AMPK/AMPK were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the average gray level of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-p70S6 kinase(p70S6k)/p70S6k protein was significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the protein ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR, p-p70S6k/p70S6k were increased (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the expression levels of MMP-2, p53 and p-p53 protein in each administration group were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the protein ratios of p-LKB1/ LKB1, p-AMPK/AMPK were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the protein ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-p70S6k/p70S6k were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::STZ combined with high-fat diet can induce cardiac aging in mice, and GNC can improve cardiac aging in diabetic mice, which may be related to the inhibition of AMPK/mTOR pathway related protein expression.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873277

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the protective effect of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma (GNC) extracts on myocardial fibrosis in diabetic mice by observing the degree of myocardial fibrosis and collagen types I (Collagen Ⅰ), collagen types Ⅲ (Collagen Ⅲ) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) protein expression in myocardial tissues. Method::A diabetic mice model was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) and high-fat diet. A normal control group was established. According to random number table method, diabetic mice were divided into model group, GNC low-dose and high-dose groups (0.819, 1.638 g·kg-1), and metformin group (150 mg·kg-1). Intragastrical administration was given in all groups, and the mice in normal control group received an equal dose of deionized water once a day for 9 weeks. The myocardial interstitial fibrosis in mice was observed by Masson trichromatic staining. Image-pro plus 6.0 analysis software was used to calculate the ratio of collagen area to total area. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect Collagen I, Collagen Ⅲ and TGF-β1 protein expression in myocardial tissues. The protein expression electrophoresis and gray value levels of Collagen I, Collagen Ⅲ and TGF-β1 in the myocardial tissues were detected by Western blot. Result::The results of Masson staining showed that as compared with the normal control group, the myocardial cells of diabetic mice were hypertrophic and disordered, and the myocardial stroma, especially the blue-stained collagenous fibers around the blood vessels, were heavily deposited and connected to each other in a network (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the arrangement of myocardial cells was significantly improved in GNC low-dose and high-dose groups and metformin group, and the collagenous fibers in the myocardial stroma were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry and Western blot results showed positive expression of Collagen Ⅰ, Collagen Ⅲ and TGF-β1 in myocardial tissues, with significantly increased content of protein expression in diabetic mice (P<0.05, P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the positive protein expression decreased and the protein content tended to be normal in each administration group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::High-fat diet combined with STZ can induce myocardial fibrosis in diabetic mice, and increase Collagen I, Collagen Ⅲ and TGF-β1 protein expression. Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma extracts can improve myocardial fibrosis in diabetic mice by regulating the expression of Collagen I, Collagen Ⅲ and TGF-β1 protein.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873276

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effects of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma extracts (GNC) on the protein expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and runt-related transcription factor2(Runx2) after high glucose-induced vascular aging in mice, and elucidate the protective mechanism of GNC in delaying vascular aging. Method::Totally 130 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal control group and high glucose group. The mice in high glucose group were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ). After successful modeling, the mice received high-fat diet for 7 months, and then they were randomly divided into model group, GNC low-dose and high-dose groups (0.819, 1.638 g·kg-1), and metformin group (150 mg·kg-1). The drug was given by intragastric administration once a day for 9 weeks. Seven days before tissues collection, a new batch of 4-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were purchased and fed normally for 1 week as a youth group. The general condition of the mice was observed. Morphological changes of the common carotid artery in mice were determined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Masson trichromatic staining was used to observe the fibrosis of common carotid artery in mice. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (p16), cyclic-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21), α-SMA and Runx2 in the common carotid arteries of mice were detected by immunohistochemistry. Result::The results of HE, TEM and Masson showed that there was almost no change in the inimal and adventitial thickness, ultrastructure and relative contents of collagen and elastic fibers in the common carotid arteries of mice between the youth group and normal control group. As compared with the normal control group, the intima of the common carotid artery in the model group was not smooth, the endothelial cells were almost completely detached, the cytoplasm was lysed, the inner elastic membrane became thinner, fractured, or even detached, and the proliferating collagen fibers sneaked into the tunica media. The hyperplasia of tunica media and tunica adventitia was obvious and disordered (P<0.01). The vascular smooth muscle cells showed deformations, protuberances, bifurcations, and even fragmentation, and focal necrosis was observed. There were significantly more vacuoles, lysosomes, and obvious autophagy vesicles. The relative content of collagen and elastic fibers in vascular walls increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the above situation was relieved in each administration group (P<0.01). The results of immunohistochemistry showed that high glucose induced high expression of MMP-2, p16, p21 and Runx2 in the common carotid arteries(P<0.01), low expression of α-SMA(P<0.01), and the protein expression tended to be normal after drug intervention(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::High glucose can induce the aging of common carotid artery in mice and change the expression of α-SMA and Runx2 proteins. The Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma extracts can delay vascular aging by regulating the protein expression of α-SMA and Runx2.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873275

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the protective effect of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma extracts on vascular calcification induced by high glucose in mice by observing the expression of osteopontin (OPN) and smooth muscle 22α (SM22α) as well as vascular calcium deposition in the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta of mice. Method::Totally 130 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal control group and high glucose group. The mice in high glucose group were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin(STZ), and fed on a high-fat diet for 7 months. Then, the mice were randomly divided into model group, low-dose and high-dose Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma extracts groups (0.819, 1.638 g·kg-1), and metformin group (150 mg·kg-1). Each group was intragastrically administered once a day for 9 weeks. The changes in blood glucose were measured. Seven days before the end of the administration, a group of 4-week old male C57BL/6 mice were purchased and fed normally for one week as a youth group. At the end of the administration, the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta tissues of the mice were collected. Von Kossa staining was used to determine the degree of calcium deposition in the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta. The expression levels of OPN and SM22α protein in the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of OPN and SM22α protein in the common carotid artery of mice was determined by Western blot. Result::As compared with the young group, the blood glucose of the normal control group was slightly increased without statistical difference, the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta were uniformly stained, and no black granular precipitate was observed. As compared with the normal control group, the blood glucose of the model group was increased (P<0.01), with a large amount of brown-black particles deposited in the intimal elastic fibers, showing obvious calcium salt deposition. As compared with the model group, blood glucose was significantly decreased in each administration group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the degree of vascular calcium salt deposition was significantly reduced. There were no significant changes in expression levels of OPN protein and SM22α protein in the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta between the youth group and normal control group. As compared with the normal control group, the expression of intimal OPN protein in the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta of the model group was positive, SM22α protein expression was weakly positive, and the gray value of OPN protein expression in the common carotid artery was significantly increased (P<0.01), while the gray value of SM22α protein was decreased significantly (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the expression levels of intimal OPN protein and SM22α protein in the common carotid artery and thoracic aorta of each administration group were significantly improved, and the gray value of OPN protein expression in the common carotid artery was reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01), while SM22α protein expression was significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion::High glucose can induce calcification of common carotid artery and thoracic aorta in mice and accelerate vascular aging. This formation process may be related to the expression of OPN and SM22α. Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Chuanxiong Rhizoma extracts can reduce vascular calcification and delay vascular aging by regulating the expression of OPN and SM22α.

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