Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 208
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD56 in multiple myeloma (MM) cells and its relationship between extramedullary disease and extramedullary relapse.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 99 patients with MM treated in our hospital from January 2015 to December 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into positive group and negative group according to the expression of CD56. The relationship between CD56 and multiple myeloma extramedullary disease, extramedullary relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 99 newly diagnosed patients with MM, the positive rate of CD56 was 65%, and the incidence of extramedullary disease of patients in the CD56 positive group was lower than that in the CD56 negative group (17.19% vs 48.57%) (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the incidence of extramedullary relapse of patients in the CD56 positive group was lower than that in the CD56 negative group (1.56% vs 34.29%) (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CD56 is highly expressed in MM, and its low expression is associated with the occurrence of extramedullary disease and extramedullary relapse, which suggests that CD56 may be an important indicator for predicting the occurrence of extramedullary disease and extramedullary relapse.


Subject(s)
CD56 Antigen , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The present study was to evaluate the anti-tumor effects of acidic RNA protein complex (FA-2-b-β) extracted from the wild edible Qinba mushroom in inducing of apoptosis and immunoregulation of tumor cell.@*METHODS@#Cell proliferation inducing rate of FA-2-b-β to K562 cell was measured using CCK-8. Apoptosis rate was detected by using flow cytometry. Chronic myeloid leukemia model was developed by tail vein injection/subcutaneous inoculation of K562 cells in NCG mice. The tumor burden of mice was observed. The general condition of the mice was monitored twice daily. The peripherivcal full blood counts of mice was tested daily. RT-qPCR and Western blot was FA-2-b-β performed to determine involvement of apoptotic-related gene and protenin, Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry was used to detected the expression of CD3, CD4 and CD8.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation and apoptosis of K562 cell could be inhibitied and induced by FA-2-b-β, there was 100% successful in the tumor formation in vivo, after treated by drug for 21 days there were significantly increased peripheral leucocytes, but decreased hemoglobin of mice treated by FA-2-b-β as compared with those in control group. The CD3, CD4 and CD8 showed positive in mice, and the propotation was imbalance, but it showed reserved after treated by FA-2-b-β.@*CONCLUSION@#FA-2-b-β is strong anti-leukemia effect in vitro and in vivo, suggesting the traditional Chinese medicine maybe contribute to the anti-cancer and immunoregulation research.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Mice
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors, distribution of pathogenic strains and tolerance of pulmonary infection in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) during bortezomib chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with multiple myeloma treated by bortezomib in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 was analyzed. The patients were divided into infection group and control group according to whether they were infected. The tolerance, pathogen distribution, and related risk factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pulmonary infection rate was 55.29% in 85 MM patients. The proportions of the patients with anemia, neutropenia, and ECOG score ≥2 points in the infection group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In this study, 30 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected, with gram-negative bacteria accounting for 60%, gram-positive bacteria for 33.33%, fungi for 3.3% and tuberculosis bacteria for 3.3%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, klebsiella pneumoniae, streptococcus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus accounted showed the highest proportion. Most of MM patients with pulmonary infection showed a heterprognosis after two weeks antibiotic treatment, while 3 patients died. About 30 percent of early deaths were due to pulmonary infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Anemia, neutropenia, ECOG score ≥2 points are the major clinical characteristics of the multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary infections. Pulmonary infection is an important cause of early death in patients with multiple myeloma. Pathogenic bacteria are mainly composed of gram-negative bacteria. Beta-lacta/ beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations or Carbapenems are effective empiric treatment for controlling the progression of pulmonary infection.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) in the valuation prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients with initially diagnosed MM admitted to Gansu Provincial People's Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. NLR and MLR were calculated based on blood routine results respectively. The optimal cut-off point of NLR and MLR was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group. The general data, biochemical indicators and prognosis of the patients in each groups were compared respectively. The prognostic significance of the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group in patients between different treatment regimens and different clinical characteristics were analyzed. Risk stratification was designed based on NLR and high MLR as two risk factors, and the effect of risk factors, on the prognosis of MM patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve analysis determined that the optimal cut-off point of NLR was 3.1 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 70.7%) and the optimal cut-off point of MLR was 0.34 (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 53.4%). The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were correlated to NLR and MLR (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in age, sex, serum calcium (Ca), β @*CONCLUSION@#Elevated NLR and MLR are associated with poor prognosis in MM patients and may serve as the cost-effective and readily available prognostic biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of fire needling and filiform needling for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and observe the influence on related serum inflammatory sytokines.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with mild to moderate KOA were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given basic health management, and the acupoints of the two groups were Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and @*RESULTS@#At each time point of treatment and follow-up, the pain, stiffness, difficulty of daily activities scores and WOMAC total scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling can improve the pain, stiffness and joint dysfunction of patients with mild to moderate KOA, and increase serum MMP-3 and IL-1α levels. Its short and long term clinical effects are better than filiform needling.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cytokines , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1972-1976, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore and analyze the risk factors of herpes zoster in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) during the chemotherapy with bortezomib.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 85 MM patients treated with bontizomib from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected and divided into case group and control group accroding to the occurred of herpes zoster. The clinical characteristic, treatment outcome and related factor of herpes zoster were retrospective analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty of the 85 patients with MM treated with bortezomib developed herpes zoster occurred (23.5%). Single-factor analysis showed that age≥65 years, lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, neutropenia occurred before treatment, ECOG score≥2, application of cyclophosphamide, absence of preventive antiviral therapy were associated with the genesis of herpes zoster (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide and the absence of preventive antiviral therapy were the independent risk factors for herpes zoster (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of herpes zoster is high in the multiple myeloma patients treated with bortezomib. Lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide, and the absence of prophylactic antiviral therapy are the important risk factors for herpes zoster, for which the clinicians should attach great importance.


Subject(s)
Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Patients , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1885-1891, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigated the anti-tumor in vivo effect and mechanism of the acid RNA protein complex (FA-2-b-β) of Agaricus blazei Murrill extract.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 method was used to detected the inhibitory effect of FA-2-b-β on proliferation of primary CML cells from newly diagnosed CML patients, the CML mouse model was established by trail-venous injection of primary CML cells, and the survival time, blood cell count and body weight were observed, the immunoflouresence and immunehistochemistry analysis, RT-qPCR, Western bolt were used to detemine the expression of caspase-3 signal pathway-related apoptosis genes and proteins.@*RESULTS@#The experiments in vitro showed that the proliferative inhibitory rate in drug-treated group increased with concentration- and time-dependent manner (r@*CONCLUSION@#The FA-2-b-β can induce apoptosis of primary CML cells and prolong the survival time of CML model mouse, which may be related with the caspase-3 signal pathway related genes and proteins.


Subject(s)
Agaricus , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Mice
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect and feedback of online pediatrics teaching for the clerkship and internship stage of medical students of clinical medicine eight-year program.Methods:In this study, 38 clerkship medical students and 12 internship medical students of clinical medicine eight-year program in pediatrics department of Peking University First Hospital from February to March, 2020 were selected as research objects. They had two weeks of online teaching, including online flipped classroom, case-based learning (CBL), and problem-based learning (PBL). The effect of online teaching, and the feedback from these students were all investigated through the questionnaire survey.Results:All students were satisfied with the overall arrangement of the online teaching and believed that the results exceed [42% (21/50)] or meet [58% (29/50)] their expectations. According to the feedback, network congestion [82% (41/50)] was the biggest problem in online teaching, followed by the inability of effective interaction [20% (10/50)]. Students all believed that the online teaching arrangement was most helpful for the cultivation of theoretical knowledge (Total scores 4.58±0.50), autonomous learning ability (Total scores 4.42±0.58) and clinical reasoning (Total scores 4.42±0.58), but had minimal impact on the skills operation (Total scores 2.68±0.87) and scientific research ability (Total 2.98±0.98). For the ability of communication between doctors and patients, the scores of clerkship students (3.79±0.99) were significantly higher than those of internship students (3.08±0.67), ( P<0.05). Clerkship students considered that online flipped classroom was the most helpful teaching mode, while internship students believed online CBL teaching was the most helpful one. Majority of the students (94%) think it's necessary to keep online teaching in the future. Conclusion:Online teaching of pediatrics is approved by the medical students of clinical medicine eight-year program in the stage of clerkship and internship, and plays an important role in the cultivation of the ability of medical students, but it can't completely replace offline clinical practice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863486

ABSTRACT

AlphaB-crystallin (CRYAB) plays the role of molecular chaperone, it can maintain vascular endothelial growth factor levels and promote tumor neovascularization. Several recent studies indicate that CRYAB is abnormally expressed in various tumors such as breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and bladder cancer. It promotes tumor migration and invasion by promoting the resistance of tumor cells to apoptosis, regulating the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase and cadherin, and participating in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process. The abnormal expression of CRYAB in tumor cells is significantly related to tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, overall survival and poor prognosis, and can be used as a new tumor marker.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the structural and functional changes of each nucleus group in generalized anxiety disorder(GAD) rat models before and after the massage therapy, and to explore the central regulating mechanism of the massage therapy in GAD.Methods:60 Wistar male rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group and abdominal rubbing group, 20 rats for each group. GAD rat models were established by chronic emotional stress, and the models were evaluated by the elevated cross maze experiment. In the abdominal rubbing group, the GAD rats were treated with abdominal rubbing once a day for 10 min for 14 days. In the control group, the GAD rats were only bound to the experimental platform once a day for 10 min for 14 days. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) retrograde tracking marker method was used to detect the changes of the structure of each nuclear cluster in the affective loop of the GAD rats in each group. The liquid-mass spectrometry quantitative analysis was used to determine the relative concentrations of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), glutamic acid, choline and creatine in nuclear cluster of the GAD rats in each group.Results:Compared with the blank group, the HRP labeled cells in the rats of model group were less expressed and the activity of the emotional circuit in the brain was weak. The NAA/creatine ratio in the left hippocampal tissue of the rats in the model group was significantly increased than that of the blank group(0.94±0.08 vs 0.79±0.10, P<0.05), the glutamic acid/creatine ratio in the right hippocampal tissue was significantly decreased (0.95±0.10 vs 1.12±0.13, P<0.01), and the NAA/creatine andglutamic and acid/creatineratios in the left cortical tissue were all significantly decreased (1.04±0.05 vs 1.41±0.23, and 1.21±0.04 vs 1.57±0.11, all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the hippocampal tissues of the GAD rats in the abdominal rubbing group had a large number of HRP aggregation and spread to the surrounding tissues, the NAA/creatine and glutamic acid/creatine ratios in the left hippocampal tissue of the abdominal rubbing group were significantly decreased (0.74±0.21 vs 0.94±0.09 and 0.92±0.20 vs 1.21±0.12, all P<0.01). The differences between the model group and the abdominal rubbing group in the ratio of glutamic acid/creatine in the right hippocampal tissue (1.01±0.23 vs 0.95±0.10), the ratio of NAA/creatine in the left cortical tissue (1.12±0.09 vs 1.04±0.05), and the ratio of glutamic acid/creatine in the left cortical tissue (1.22±0.12 vs 1.21±0.04) were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Abdominal rubbing can effectively enhance the activity of affective loop and improve the relative concentration of neuron metabolites in hippocampal and cortical tissues in the affective loop, suggesting that the mechanism of GAD treatment by abdominal rubbing may be closely related to the structure and function of regulating affective loop.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872844

ABSTRACT

The pathological mechanism of allergic rhinitis (AR) involves hierarchically acute and chronic reactions among antigens, immunocytes, immunoglobulins and inflammatory factors. AR, which is characterized by heterogeneity, reacts differently to the current treatment on diverse individuals. Some patients receive unsatisfying clinical outcomes after the treatment. Chinese herbal medicine has become a frequent option to treat AR because it can improve clinical symptoms with excellent safety. The description of Biqiu in ancient Chinese medical literatures is very similar to the clinical manifestation of AR. The major pathogeneses of Biqiu included infection of wind-cold pathogens, deficiency and cold in the lung, and evil depression into heat and wind. Therefore, in modern traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Biqiu is considered as an integration of AR, allergic sinusitis and vasomotor rhinitis. According to the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of Biqiu (including AR), this disease belongs to wind disease in TCM. But modern TCM focuses on deficiency of internal organs and ignores wind evil in syndrome differentiation, contrary to the fact that wind medicine is always used in treating AR. This even leads to an abnormal phenomenon that clinical studies attach little importance to syndrome differentiation. In this paper, we started from the phenomenon that wind medicine is always used in TCM for AR, considering TCM literatures and the study results of modern therapy for wind diseases, and put forward the ideas as follows: AR belongs to exogenous wind disease in TCM, and wind pathogen is the major pathogen, in clinical syndrome differentiation, we should attach more importance to wind evil, and dispelling wind and eliminating dampness is the key to treatment. Meanwhile, based on the fact that most of the classical prescriptions with good effectiveness for AR originated from Treatise on Febrile Disease, mainly including the wind medicines for treating exogenous diseases, it can be inferred that the wind-dispelling and itch-arresting effects of wind medicines are helpful to alleviate or block the allergic reaction of nasal mucus and achieve the goal of relieving itching and sneezing, and the wind-dispelling and dampness-eliminating effects are helpful to alleviate the edema of nasal mucus and achieve the goal of relieving running nose and nasal obstruction. In modern researches, it is also found that classical prescriptions which take wind medicine as a principle component and wind medicine used in AR treatment have good anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and immune function adjusting effects. This indicates that dispelling wind and eliminating dampness and the wind medicine treatment under its instruction not only correspond to TCM theory, but also have modern science evidences.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 317-318, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870281

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak may have some impact on the use of biologics in psoriatic patients because immunosuppressive effects of biologics may potentially alter the susceptibility of patients to the virus, deteriorate the condition of infected patients or even change the prognosis of infection. According to currently available recommendations from international psoriasis academic organizations and specialists, as well as specific situation in China, the authors provide some guidance on the use of biologics for psoriatic patients undergoing or planning to undergo treatment with biologics, those with low or high risk of infection, and for those with or without COVID-19 infection, so as to provide references for clinical practice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2516-2524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878507

ABSTRACT

In the past ten years, the research and application of microbiome has continued to increase. The microbiome has gradually become the research focus in the fields of life science, environmental science, and medicine. Meanwhile, many countries and organizations around the world are launching their own microbiome projects and conducting a multi-faceted layout, striving to gain a strategic position in this promising field. In addition, whether it is scientific research or industrial applications, there has been a climax of research and a wave of investment and financing, accordingly, products and services related to the microbiome are constantly emerging. However, due to the rapid development of microbiome sequencing and analysis related technologies and methods, the research and application from various countries have not yet unified on the standards of technology, programs, and data. Domestic industry participants also have insufficient understanding of the microbiome. New methods, technologies, and theories have not yet been fully accepted and used. In addition, some of the existing standards and guidelines are too general with poor practicality. This not only causes obstacles in the integration of scientific research data and waste of resources, but also gives related companies unfair competition opportunity. More importantly, China still lacks national standards related to the microbiome, and the national microbiome project is still in the process of preparation. In this context, the experts and practitioners of the microbiome worked together and developed the consensus of experts. It can not only guide domestic scientific research and industrial institutions to regulate the production, learning and research of the microbiome, the application can also provide reference technical basis for the relevant national functional departments, protect the scale and standardized corporate company's interests, strengthen industry self-discipline, avoid unregulated enterprises from disrupting the market, and ultimately promote the benign development of microbiome-related industries.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Humans , Industry , Microbiota
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793285

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate epidemiological characteristics of measles cases and the influencing factors of transmission of measles among floating children in Shenzhen. Methods Descriptive study was conducted in data which were collected from the report system of statutory infectious diseases from 2016 to 2018 in Shenzhen. Case-control study was conducted between 89 cases and relative controls. Results A total of 108 measles cases in floating children were reported from 2016 to 2018, and the incidence trend showed a year-on-year decline( 2trend=68.35, P<0.001). Analysis showed that nosocomial exposure in 7 to 21 days ago(OR=7.80, 95% CI:3.51-17.35, P<0.001), having been to the crowded places(OR=3.37, 95% CI:1.52-7.47, P=0.002), having contact history of fever-rash patients(OR=4.57, 95% CI:1.41-14.84, P=0.007) were influencing factors of transmission of measles among floating children, and immunization at the prescribed time(OR=0.12, 95% CI:0.04-0.32, P<0.001) was a protective factor for measles. Conclusions Vaccination must be strengthened for floating children. Medical institutions should avoid becoming a key place for measles transmission, and need to strengthen health education.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793273

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist height ratio (WHtR) and the prevalence of hypertension in elderly residents over 60 years in Baodi district, Tianjin. Methods Residents over 60 who underwent medical examinations in the Koudong Health Center, Baodi district, Tianjin, were all invited to participate in the study from April to May, 2018. Participants were asked to fill out structured questionnaires and undergo physical examinations. Stratified analysis and logistic regression analysis were applied to examine joint effects and interactions of BMI and WC (or WHtR) on the risk of hypertension. Results A total of 1 417 residents (83.75%) out of 1 692 residents participated in the study. The prevalence of hypertension in the participants was 46.36%. 66.50% of the participants were BMI overweight or obese. Participants with central obesity accounted for 74.66% (measured by the WC) and 75.38% (by the WHtR). Compared to the normal weight measured by the BMI or the WC, BMI overweight (OR=1.65, 95%CI: 1.19-2.30) or obesity (OR=3.41, 95%CI: 2.23-5.20) and WC central obesity (OR: 1.49, 95%CI: 1.00-2.23) were associated with increased risk of hypertension. The joint effects of BMI and WC (OR=2.49, 95%CI: 1.78-3.46), or BMI and WHtR (WHtR overweight: OR=2.05, 95%CI: 1.41-2.99; WHtR obesity: OR=2.37, 95%CI: 1.50-3.76) were greater than the single effect of the latter (WC overweight/obesity: OR=1.39, 95%CI: 0.90-2.15; WHtR overweight: OR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.62-1.66; WHtR obesity: OR=1.44, 95%CI:0.55-3.81). Conclusions Of the three indices, BMI is strongly correlated with the risk of hypertension. BMI overweight or obesity has enhanced the association of WC or WHtR and the risk of hypertension, suggesting that weight control in the normal range, especially measured by the BMI index, may prevent and control hypertension.

16.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E057-E063, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804510

ABSTRACT

Objective To study fluid flow within alveolar bone under orthodontic and occlusal loading, so as to provide references for understanding the regulatory mechanism of bone remodeling during orthodontics. Methods An animal model for orthodontic tooth movement on rats was first constructed. The finite element model of tooth-periodontal ligament-alveolar bone was established based on micro-CT images and the strain field in alveolar bone under orthodontic or constant occlusal loading was analyzed. Then finite element model of alveolar bone was constructed from the bone near the cervical margin or apical root of mesial root. The fluid flow in this model under orthodontic and cyclic occlusal loading was further predicted by using fluid-solid coupling numerical simulation. Results The fluid velocity within alveolar bone cavity mainly distributed at 0-10 μm/s, and the fluid shear stress (FSS) was mainly distributed at 0-10 Pa. FSS on the surface of alveolar bone near the apical root was higher than that close to the cervical margin. Conclusions FSS at different levels could be produced at different location within alveolar bone cavity under orthodontic and cyclic occlusal loading, which might further activate biological response of bone cells on the surface of trabeculae and finally regulate the remodeling of alveolar bone and orthodontic movement of tooth. The results provide theoretical guidance for the clinical treatment of orthodontics.

17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 124-128, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816849

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the results obtained from the computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) systems of the two fully-automated commercial sperm quality analyzers, Hamilton-Thorn IVOS Ⅱ (IVOS Ⅱ) and Spanish Sperm Class Analyzer (SCA).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 semen samples were collected in the Center of Reproduction of Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital from September 2018 to October 2018 and, according to the sperm concentration, divided into groups A (50 ×10⁶/ml). IVOS Ⅱ, SCA and manual microscopy were used for the examination of each sample, followed by comparison of the sperm concentration, sperm motility and percentage of progressively motile sperm (PMS) obtained from IVOS Ⅱ and SCA.@*RESULTS@#The sperm concentrations derived from IVOS Ⅱ and SCA were significantly higher than that from manual microscopy in group A ([10.24 ± 4.60] and [10.20 ± 5.11] vs [8.45 ± 4.15] ×10⁶/ml, P 0.05) or C ([102.14 ± 45.97] and [109.48 ± 46.32] vs [104.74 ± 41.87] ×10⁶/ml, P > 0.05). Significant differences were not observed between IVOS Ⅱ and SCA in the percentage of PMS ([24.21 ± 14.62]% vs [23.92 ± 15.42]%, P > 0.05) or sperm motility ([37.48 ± 19.34]% vs [37.69 ± 16.61]%, P > 0.05) in group B, nor in group C (PMS: [30.80 ± 12.06]% vs [32.98 ± 16.10]%, P > 0.05; sperm motility: [44.50 ± 15.62]% vs [47.26 ± 17.46]%, P > 0.05). Both the percentage of PMS and sperm motility obtained from IVOS Ⅱ were remarkably lower than those derived from SCA in group A (PMS: [18.54 ± 12.96]% vs [22.90 ± 12.88]%, P < 0.05; sperm motility: [26.97 ± 14.05]% vs [34.90 ± 15.18]%, P < 0.05). IVOS Ⅱ and SCA both showed a high repeatability (CV <15%), and the former exhibited an even higher one than the latter, in detection of sperm concentration, sperm motility and the percentage of PMS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IVOS Ⅱ and SCA both had a good consistency in the results of sperm concentration, motility and progressive motility, but showed a poor comparability with low-concentration semen samples.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791809

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the incidence and related risk factors of postoperative intraabdominal infection in patients undergoing anatomical hepatectomy.Methods The clinical data from 122 patients who underwent anatomical major hepatectomy in our institution were retrospectively analyzed.The electronic medical data were retrieved for further analysis including the amount of crystalloid and colloid fluid infused,intraoperative estimated blood loss,volume of blood transfusion,the dosage of vasoactive drugs,postoperative liver function,inflammation index,the incidence of intraabdominal infection and the length of hospital stay (LOS).Results Patients were divided into infection group (n =39) and non-infection group (n =83).Intraabdominal infection was correlated with preoperative cirrhosis,the elevated direct bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase,the duration of operation,bilioenteric anastomosis or cholangiotomy,the infusion volume of colloid and crystalloid fluid,transfusion volume,direct bilirubin level on the POD 1 (post-operation on day 1) (P < 0.05);Multivariate analysis showed the incidence of intraabdominal infection was highly correlated with the amount of intraoperative colloid fluid bilioenteric anastomosis(P < 0.05).Conclusions Intraoperative infused volume of synthetic colloid,along with bilioenteric anastomosis are independent risk factors for postoperative intraabdominal infection.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781658

ABSTRACT

To investigate the role of thioredoxin interacting protein(TXNIP)/ nucleotides-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein(NLRP)3 inflammasome in the sciatic nerve of streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The diabetic rat model was established by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ.The rats with matched sex and age were taken as normal control group.The blood glucose and body weight were monitored.The mechanical withdrawal threshold was measured by von Frey filaments at 12 weeks after the model was established.At 12 weeks,the rats were sacrificed and the sciatic nerves were separated for Luxol fast blue staining,the expressions of TXNIP,NLRP3,caspase-1,and interleukin(IL)-1β were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot method,and the levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of TXNIP protein in the sciatic nerve of diabetic rats was 3.78±0.08,which significantly increased than that in the normal control group(0.99±0.06)(=26.980,<0.0001).Compared with the normal control group(0.97±0.05),the expression of NLRP3 protein in the diabetic group(2.44±0.16)was significantly higher(=8.885,<0.0001).The expression of cleaved caspase-1 was 4.45±0.19 in the diabetic group and 1.08±0.06 in the normal control group,and the difference was significant(=16.900,<0.0001).The expression of IL-1β protein in the diabetic group(4.50±0.16)was significantly higher than that(1.19±0.08)in the normal control group(=18.630,<0.0001).Compared with the normal control group,the levels of IL-1β [(110.50±8.80)pg/ml (17.97±3.18)pg/ml,=9.892,<0.0001] and IL-18 [(591.70±8.78)pg/ml (160.70±8.33)pg/ml,=35.620,<0.0001] in the serum of diabetic rats significantly increased. The pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy may be related to increased expression of TXNIP,activation of NLRP3 inflammasome,and downstream inflammation,which may provide a new target for diabetic peripheral neuropathy therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Inflammasomes , Nucleotides , Rats , Sciatic Nerve , Streptozocin , Thioredoxins
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1761-1766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the apoptosis of CD34CD38-KG1a leukemia stem cells induced by Qinba selenium-mushroom extract(FA-2-b-β), and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#CD34CD38--KG1a cells were isolated from KG1a cell line by magnetic activated cell sorting. The proliferation ability of KG1a stem cells treatd by various concentration of FA-2-b-β(1.2-2.4 mg/ml) in vitro for 24 and 48 hours were tested by cell counting Kit-8(CCK8). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of KG1a stem cells in each group after treated by FA-2-b-β in vitro. Expression of BAX,BCL-2,Casepase-3 and Cyclin D1 protein were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of CD34CD38--KG1a stem cells was (95.35±2.63)% after immunomagnetic isolation. The proliferation of KG1a stem cells was inhibited significantly by FA-2-b-β, which shows a time- and dose-dependent manner (24 h,r=0.943; 48 h,r=0.976). Flow cytometry shows that with the increasing of drug concentration, the apoptosis was also increased, when KG1a stem cells was treated by FA-2-b-β for 24 h. Western blot indicated that the expression of apoptosis-related protein BAX and Casepase-3 were up-regulated, the expression of BCL-2 and Cyclin D1 were down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#FA-2-b-β can regulate proliferation and apoptosis KG1a stem cells, the involved mechanism may be related with the activation of mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Selenium
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL