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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of keloid fibroblasts on the polarization and expression of inflammatory factors of M0 macrophages and possible mechanisms, and provide theoretical basis for new targets for keloid therapy.Methods:Keloids, normal skin tissues and paraffin specimens from patients undergoing plastic surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from November 2020 to September 2021 were collected, and fibroblasts of keloids and normal skins were isolated and co-cultured with M0 cells formed form THP-1 by phorbol ester (PMA)-stimulation to detect the expression of macrophage polarization markers and cytokines. Besides, keloid fibroblasts were treated with exogenous tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) to detect its effect on the proliferation and extracellular matrix expression.Results:Macrophages were dominated by CD163 + (M2) in keloid tissues. Moreover, M0 cells expressed more TNF-α when co-cultured with keloid fibroblasts, compared with those with normal skin fibroblasts, in which, the positive staining rates of TNF-α were 19.32% and 29.52% respectively by flow cytometry. Furthermore, the proliferation was promoted and the expression of extracellular matrix proteins (COL3A1 and FN1)and Vimentin were upregulated in keloid fibroblasts under TNF-α stimulation. However, there was no significant difference in the expression of polarization surface markers CD86 and CD163 in macrophages, when co-cultured with keloid fibroblasts or normal skin fibroblasts. Conclusions:Keloid fibroblasts promote the expression of TNF-α in macrophages, which in turn promotes the proliferation and extracellular matrix secretion of keloid fibroblasts.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 235-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929563

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of IKZF1 gene deletion in patients with acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) . Methods: The clinical data of 142 patients with B-ALL diagnosed in Nanfang Hospital between March 2016 and September 2019 were analyzed. Results: IKZF1 deletion was found in 36.0% of the 142 patients with B-ALL, whereas exon 4-7 deletion was found in 44.0% . White blood cell counts were higher in patients with the IKZF1 deletion (52.0% and 28.3% , P=0.005) ; these patients also experienced worse effects of mid-term induction therapy (40.0% and 70.7% , P<0.001) and had a higher proportion of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (52.0% and 21.7% , respectively, P<0.001) . Univariate analysis revealed that the 3-year overall survival rate (OS) and event-free survival rate (EFS) in the IKZF1 deletion group were significantly lower than the IKZF1 wild-type group [ (37.1±7.3) % vs (54.7±5.4) % , (51.8±7.9) % vs (73.9±4.7) % ; P=0.025, 0.013, respectively]. Multivariable analysis showed that harboring IKZF1 deletion was an adverse factor of EFS and OS (HR=1.744, 2.036; P=0.022, 0.020, respectively) . Furthermore, the IKZF1 deletion/chemotherapy group had significantly lower 3-year OS, EFS, and disease-free survival rates than other subgroups. In the IKZF1 deletion cohort, allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) significantly improved OS and EFS compared to non-allo-HSCT[ (67.9±10.4) % vs (31.9±11.0) % , (46.6±10.5) % vs (26.7±9.7) % ; P=0.005, 0.026, respectively]. Conclusion: Pediatric-inspired chemotherapy was unable to completely reverse the negative effect of IKZF1 deletion on prognosis. Pediatric-inspired regimen therapy combined with allo-HSCT, in contrast, significantly improved the overall prognosis of IKZF1 deletion B-ALL.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Burkitt Lymphoma , Child , Gene Deletion , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Prognosis
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 237-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873646

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate eating behavior and associated family factors of preschool children during the prevalence of Corona Virus Disease(COVID-19), and to provide scientific basis for healthy eating behavior for preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 1 829 preschool children were investigated by electronic questionnaire from 5 kindergartens in Shenzhen from March 18-20, 2020. SPSS 19.0 was used to perform logistic regression analysis on the factors for eating behavior.@*Results@#The rate of unhealthy eating behavior during the prevalence of COVID-19 was 47.2%. The rate of unhealthy eating behaviors in boys and girls were 46.1% and 48.4%, respectively. And there was no significant difference between different genders(χ 2=1.02,P=0.31). The rate of unhealthy eating behaviors of preschool children aged 3-, 4-, 5- and 6- were 56.6%, 56.8%, 42.3% and 29.9%, respectively, and the differences between different ages were significant(χ 2=72.17,P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that fathers high education level, mothers education level(OR=0.78,0.77,0.21), and parents satisfaction with children s eating were associated with low nutritional problems of child, while parental permission to play while eating, criticize while eating, force child to eat more and force child to eat foods they do not like, and parental concerns about children s appetite, were associated with more unhealthy eating behavior(OR=6.29,1.80,2.20,1.70,2.16)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of unhealthy eating behaviors of preschool children during the prevalence of COVID-19 is lower than usual, but the health education of preschool children s families still needs to be strengthened.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886078

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the needs of detection of poisoning-inducing pesticides occurring in poisoning emergency events, this article introduces and discusses the characteristics, scope of application, and advantages and disadvantages of two types of detection technologies: laboratory detection and on-site rapid detection. The sample pre-processing technology suitable for on-site detection is also elaborated.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the trend of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) resistance to clarithromycin and levofloxacin and to provide guidance for Hp eradication therapy. Methods:From January 2014 to December 2018, a total of 66 515 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms were enrolled in the First People's Hospital of Wenling. The patients were divided into the following groups: childhood (0 to 6 years old); juvenile (7 to 17 years old); youth (18 to 40 years old),middle age (41 to 65 years old),and old age (≥66 years old). All patients received gastroscopy, gastric mucosal biopsy, Hp culture and drug sensitivity test of clarithromycin and levofloxacin. Results:The Hp positive rate showed a significant downward trend in 2016, 2017 and 2018 (χ2=14.317, 47.079, 88.054, all P<0.05). The average resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin from 2014 to 2018 was 22.72% (4 732/20 831) showing an increasing trend, but the increase was slower after 2017. The average resistance rate to levofloxacin was 30.55% (6 364/20 831), and the overall trend showed a sharp rise from 2015 to 2017 (χ2=38.383, 49.569, both P<0.05), and a significant decline was detected after 2017 (χ2=18.841, P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp to levofloxacin in patients increased with age. The clarithromycin resistance rate first decreased and then increased with age, and the resistance rate in old age (32.52%, 763/2 346) was higher than that in youth (22.09%, 1 086/4 916) and middle age patients (21.21%, 2 854/13 458), and the differences were significant (χ2=991.071, 144.968, both P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp rose from 12.73% (14/110) in juvenile to 43.31% (1 016/2 346) in old age (χ2=228.867, P<0.05). Conclusion:In recent years, the positive rate of Hp infection in Wenling area has a decreasing trend. Although the resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin and levofloxacin has been rising slowly or decreasing, it is still at a high level. In the selection of Hp eradication program, the differences between patients in different age groups should be considered with particular attention on the minors.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 822-825, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of ultrasound-guided coaxial trocar biopsy combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound in peripheral pulmonary lesions.Methods:From April 2019 to October 2020, 110 patients with peri-pulmonary lesions underwent ultrasound-guided coaxial trocar biopsy and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in Zhongshan People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were performed contrast-enhanced ultrasound, at the same time, under the guidance of ultrasound, coaxial cannula was used for precise positioning and puncture biopsy of peripheral lung tumors. The times of puncture, the situation of sampling, pathological diagnosis and complications after puncture were recorded.Results:There were 110 lesions in 110 patients with peripheral lesions, and the maximum diameter of the lesions was (3.4±1.2)cm. Ultrasound guided coaxial trocar can be used for multiple, multi angle and multi-layer deep biopsy. The average number of sampling was 1-3, and the success rate of puncture was 100%(110/110). The pathological diagnosis rate was 95.5%(105/110), among which 83 cases (79.0%) were malignant: 42 cases of adenocarcinoma, 19 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 7 cases of metastatic adenocarcinoma, 4 cases of lymphoepitheliomatoid carcinoma, 4 cases of small cell carcinoma, 2 cases of non-small cell carcinoma, 2 cases of non-keratinized undifferentiated carcinoma, 2 cases of poorly differentiated carcinoma, and 1 case of rhabdomyosarcoma. 22 benign cases (21.0%): 10 inflammatory lesions, 4 pneumonia, 3 necrotic tissue, 2 tuberculosis, 1 atypical adenomatoid hyperplasia of alveolar epithelium, 1 pulmonary cryptococcosis, and 1 inflammatory pseudotumor. The postpuncture complications included pneumothorax 2.7%(3/110) and hemoptysis 0.9%(1/110).Conclusions:Percutaneous ultrasound-guided coaxial puncture biopsy combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound has high success rate, rapid sampling, clear display of lesions, identification of tumor activity and necrosis area, accurate positioning of puncture target, multi-point sampling in case of one puncture, reducing puncture time and complications, and high clinical application value.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2153-2160, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826418

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The relationship between macrocirculation and microcirculation remains controversial. The loss of coherence between microcirculation and macrocirculation has already been found in late-stage sepsis shock. The objective of this study was to determine the earliest possible time of detecting the loss of coherence between microcirculation and macrocirculation in early-stage endotoxemic shock.@*METHODS@#We randomized 24 female New Zealand white rabbits into two groups: endotoxemic shock group (n = 14) and control group (n = 10). Rabbits in the endotoxemic shock group were equipped with arterial and venous catheters and received an intravenous infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 2 mg/kg over 10 min). Rabbits in the control group received the same dose of saline infusion. Microcirculatory perfusion parameters were assessed in the sublingual mucosa using sidestream dark-field video microscopy. Systemic hemodynamics and blood lactate levels were measured at baseline and over a 120-min period.@*RESULTS@#Ninety minutes after completing LPS infusion, all animals in the endotoxemic shock group developed a hypodynamic septic condition, characterized by low cardiac output and increased systemic vascular resistance; 120 min after completing LPS infusion, the mean arterial pressure decreased by 25% (P = 0.01), confirming ongoing endotoxemic shock. However, significant decreases in sublingual microcirculatory parameters of small vessels (microvascular flow index, perfused vessel density, and proportion of small perfused vessels) were observed 30 min after completing LPS infusion (P = 0.01, for all), and threshold decreases of 30% were found 60 min after completing LPS infusion (P = 0.001, for all) in the endotoxemic shock group. Lactate levels significantly increased to more than 2 mm/L at 90 min and more than 4 mm/L at 120 min in the endotoxemic shock group (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Changes in microcirculatory perfusion precede changes in macrocirculation and lactate levels in a rabbit model of endotoxemia shock. Microcirculation, macrocirculation, and oxygen metabolism are distinct in early-stage endotoxic shock.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802186

ABSTRACT

Araliaceae plant Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacix Quinquefolii Radix are famous Chinese herbal medicines, with anti-inflammatory and anti-aging effect, as well as obvious effect on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. Studies have found that the metabolism and transport of cholesterol may affect the function of the cardiovascular system. Cholesterol can be divided into high-density cholesterol and low-density cholesterol. Cholesterol has many physiological regulating effect. High-density cholesterol has a protective effect on cardiovascular disease. When the cholesterol metabolism in the body is disordered, low-density cholesterol is increased, and will cause the increase in the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. By consulting relevant Chinese and foreign documents and materials, we found that traditional Chinese medicine Araliaceae has a significant regulatory effect on cholesterol. It can directly regulate the cholesterol level of experimental hyperlipidemia rats, reduce total cholesterol(TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) in rats, and partially increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) level in rats. It can inhibit cholesterol synthesis by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis-regulating genes liver X receptor-α(LXR-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ(PPARγ), cytochrome P450 7A1(CYP7A1); and up-regulate cholesterol metabolism genes peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α(PPARα), PPARγ, CYP8B1, CYP7A1, LXR) and body ATP-binding cassette transporter, ABC transporter(ABCA1, ABCG5/8)to promote cholesterol metabolism in the body. Araliaceae plants may play a neuroprotective role by regulating cholesterol metabolism and transport in the brain, and improve neurodegenerative diseases. Studies on the effect of Araliaceae plants on the metabolism and transport of cholesterol in brain will become a hot research topic in the future. The above review is expected to provide a reference for further research on the lipid-lowering effect and mechanism of Araliaceae plants.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687262

ABSTRACT

Using split plot design, a pot experiment with sand culture was conducted to investigate the effects ofnitrogen and sulfur combined application on nutritional components and active component of Isatis indigotica at seedling stage under different N (5,15,25 mmol·L⁻¹)and S(0.00,1.25,2.50,5.00,7.50 mmol·L⁻¹) levels. The results showed thatthe two elements had obvious effects and the leaf and root dry weights of I. indigotica seedlings increased greatly at N₂ level. Under the same nitrogen concentration, the leaf and root dry weights increased firstly and decreased with the rising of sulfur concentrations in which S₂ was conducive to the growth and biomass accumulation. Soluble sugar, soluble protein, soluble amino acids contents were the highest in N₁, N₂ and N₃ treatments, respectively. The influence of sulfur concentrations on nutritional components was same as biomass, but the peak of different nutritional components was diversity in different nitrogen levels. The effects on secondary metabolites (total flavones, indigo, indriubin, epigotrin contents) were not obvious significantly, in which these indexes by N₁S₃,N₁S₂,N₃S₀,N₃S₁were the highest, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of nitrogen and sulfur of N₂S₂(N 15 mmol·L⁻¹ and S 2.5 mmol·L⁻¹) was beneficial to the growth and secondary metabolites accumulation of I. indigotica. These results could provide a theoretical basis for rational fertilization and cultivation of I. indigotica seedling.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775327

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a pot experiment using quartz sands was conducted to study the effects of different concentrations of NaCl (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 mmol·L⁻¹) on the ion absorption, distribution and essential oil components of flowering Schizonepeta tenuifolia. The results showed that as NaCl concentration increased, Na⁺ content of root, stem, leaf and flower increased significantly, and that of the aerial parts was in a higher level than in the root. Regarding the K⁺ content, it decreased in the root but increased in stem, leaf and flower. Some changes were detected in the Ca²⁺ content, but not significant on the whole. The value of K⁺/Na⁺ and Ca²⁺/Na⁺ reduced as a result of increasing NaCl concentrations. The content of essential oil increased under medium salt treatment (50 mmol·L⁻¹ NaCl). However, the synthesis and accumulation of essential oil was inhibited by the serious salt treatment (100 mmol·L⁻¹ NaCl). Over 98% of the essential oil components were terpenes, in which pulegone and menthone were the most two abundant compounds. Varieties of essential oil components did not change significantly under salt stress but their relative proportions did. The transformation of pulegone to menthone was enhanced and the value of pulegone/menthone based on their relative contents decreased with NaCl concentration increasing. Consequently, menthone ranked the most abundant compound by replacing pulegone. Relative content of D-limonene increased under medium and serious salt stress, and that of β-caryophyllene only increased under mild treatments. So our research could provide references for the standard cultivation on saline soil of S. tenuifolia.


Subject(s)
Lamiaceae , Oils, Volatile , Plant Leaves , Salt Stress , Sodium , Sodium Chloride
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of prozone phenomenon of rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test in syphilis serolog-ic testing and its correlation with the intensity of chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) results.Methods A total of 101493 patients in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were performed syphilis serologic testing by CMIA ,RPR and treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA).The incidence rate of prozone phenomenon in RPR testing was evaluated.Its in-fluencing factors were investigated by using the Logistic regression.Results Among 101493 serum samples ,2180 cases were posi-tive by CMIA and 767 cases were positive by RPR ,the incidence rate of prozone phenomenon was 3.3% (26/767)in RPR.The Lo-gistic regression results indicated that the incidence of prozone phenomenon was significantly correlated with CMIA S /CO values and RPR titer ,but had no correlation with sex ,age and seasonality.Conclusion Although the incidence of prozone phenomenon is low in syphilis serologic testing ,but it is enough important.The patients with higher S/CO value in CMIA test have a higher inci-dence rate of RPR prozone phenomenon.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335818

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the protective effect of germacrone on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) damaged by H2O2-induced oxidative stress and its possible mechanisms. The oxidative damage model was established by using 500 μmol•L⁻¹ H2O2 to treat HUVECs for 3 hours, and then protected with different concentrations of germacrone for 24 hours. The effect of germacrone on cell viability of HUVECs damaged by H2O2 was detected by MTT. The contents of PGI2, TXB2, ET-1, t-PA, PAI-1, TNF-α and IL-6 were detected by ELISA. The content of NO was detected by using nitrate reductase method. Colorimetry was used to detect NOS and GSH-Px. The contents of MDA, SOD and LDH were detected by TBA, WST-1 and microplate respectively. Apoptosis was observed by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining. The mRNA expressions of Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 in cells were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that the cell damage rate was 52% after treated with 500 μmol•L⁻¹ H2O2 for 3 hours. The cell activity was increasing with the rise of germacrone concentration within the range of 20-200 mol•L⁻¹. Compared with normal group, the contents of PGI2, NO, T-NOS, t-PA, SOD, GSH-Px and Bcl-2 mRNA expressions were lower after damaged with H2O2. The contents of PAI-1, ET-1, IL-6, TNF-α, TXB2, LDH, MDA, Bax mRNA and Caspase-3 mRNA expressions were increased. Compared with model group, the contents of PGI2, NO, T-NOS, t-PA, SOD, GSH-Px and Bcl-2 mRNA expressions were increased after treated with germacrone. The contents of PAI-1, ET-1, IL-6, TNF-α, TXB2, LDH, MDA, Bax mRNA and Caspase-3 mRNA expressions were lower after treated with germacrone. According to Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, compared with normal group, the cell membrane and the nucleus showed strong dense blue fluorescence, and the number of cells significantly decreased in model group. Compared with model group, blue fluorescence intensity decreased in drug group. The above findings demonstrate that germacrone may improve the effect on HUVECs damaged by H2O2-induced oxidative stress by resisting oxidation and inhibiting cell apoptosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501533

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a CVS-11 pseudovirus particles ( pp)-based assay for detec-tion of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus. Methods An improved rapid fluorescence focus inhibition test ( RFFIT) for detection of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus ( RVNA) was established based on the CVS-11 pseudovirus expressing a luciferase reporter gene. Forty-six human serum samples were analyzed with the improved RFFIT and the results were compared with those by using standard RFFIT. Moreover, the improved RFFIT was used to detect the titers of RVNA in 91 serum samples collected from pet dogs and pet-breeders in Beijing. Results The coincidence rate of the improved RFFIT and the standard RFFIT was 100% regarding to the analysis of 46 human serum samples and 5 negative reference serum samples. Moreo-ver, the RVNA titers of all serum samples obtained with CVS-11 pseudovirus-based assay showed a signifi-cant high correlation with those obtained with standard RFFIT (n=46, r=0. 94, P<0. 000 1). All of the 91 serum samples collected from pet dogs and pet-breeders in Beijing were positive for RVNA as indicated by the improved RFFIT with a mean titer of 33. 01 IU/ml. Conclusion We established an improved RFFIT based on the CVS-11 pp expressing luciferase reporter gene, which might be used as a reliable alternative RFFIT for measuring RVNA titer. Analysis of the 91 serum samples collected in Beijing with the improved RFFIT showed that all samples were positive for RVNA.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493506

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of repeated trans-cranial magnetic stimulation ( rTMS) in relieving post-stroke depression ( PSD). Methods PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, Web of Science, CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP were searched for reports of randomized, controlled trials of rTMS treatment of PSD published before June 2015. Crude standardized mean differences ( SMDs) and odds ratios with 95% confidence in-tervals ( CIs) were calculated for depression intensity and effectiveness rate after treatment using random or fixed effects models. Results Twenty-four studies involving 856 rTMS-treated patients and 802 control patients were in-cluded in the meta-analysis. The results showed that compared with the control group, PSD patients showed significant reductions in depression after rTMS treatment ( SMD=-1.36;95% CI-1.6 to-1.12;P≤0.05) . The total effective-ness rate in the treated group was 85% with a reduction in NIHSS score ( SMD=-0.82;95% CI-1.2 to-0.44;P≤0.05) . Subgroup analysis showed that neither the frequency of rTMS stimulation, the site stimulated, nor time after stroke had a significant influence on the effectiveness of rTMS. Additionally, a few studies reported adverse reactions after rTMS. Conclusion rTMS appears to be a safe and effective therapy for PSD. Further well-controlled trials may elucidate the mechanism underlying the placebo effects of the sham rTMS observed among PSD patients.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To learn the rabies genome molecular characteristics and compare the difference of China rabies lineages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The complete genomes of 12 strains from different China rabies lineages were amplified and sequenced, and all the China street strain genomes (total 43), Arctic and Arctic-like genomes were aligned using ClustalX2, the genome homologies were analyzed using MegAlign software, and the phylogenetic trees were constructed by MEGA 5.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>First Arctic-like rabies genome in China (CQH1202D) was reported, and we supplemented the rabies genome data of China, ensuring at least one genome was available in each China lineage. The genome size of China V (11908nt) is obviously shorter than other lineages' (11923-11925nt) for the difference of N-P non-coding regions. Among different lineages, the genome homologies are almost under 90%. CQH1202D (China IV lineage) has close relationship with strains from South Korea and they share about 95% genome similarities.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The molecular characteristics of 6 different China rabies lineages were compared and analyzed from genome level, which benefits for continued comprehensive rabies surveillance, rabies prevention and control in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Virology , Cattle , China , Dogs , Genome, Viral , Humans , Phylogeny , Rabies , Virology , Rabies virus , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Viral Proteins , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279027

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genotypes and clinical features of children with HbH disease in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 595 children from Guangxi were recruited. Single-tube multiplex polymerase chain reaction combined with agarose gel electrophoresis, as well as reverse dot blotting, were performed to detect the three α-globin gene deletion mutations (--(SEA), -α(3.7), and -α(4.2)) and three non-deletion mutations (Hb Westmead, Hb Constant Spring, and Hb Quong Sze) which are common in the Chinese population.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 595 cases, five common genotypes were identified, which were --(SEA)/-α(3.7) (232 cases), --(SEA)/α(CS)α (174 cases), --(SEA)/-α(4.2) (122 cases), --(SEA)/α(WS)α (35 cases), and --(SEA)/α(QS)α (24 cases). The genotype of THAI deletion associated with α-thalassemia-2 was detected in eight cases. Six β-mutations including CD41-42, CD17-28, CD26, IVS-II-654, IVS-I-1, and CD27-28 were identified in 23 cases. All children with HbH disease had microcytic hypochromic anemia; children with HbH-CS disease had the most severe anemia, and those with HbH-WS disease had the mildest anemia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Deletional HbH disease is the main type in children with HbH disease in Guangxi, and some patients also have mild beta-thalassemia. Non-deletional HbH disease shows more severe phenotype than deletional HbH disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Genotype , Hemoglobin H , Genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , alpha-Thalassemia , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467159

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have multiple protective effect on the nervous system which related to angiogenesis,neurogenesis,directly neurotrophic protection and antiapoptotic mechanisms.The study of the nervous system of VEGF focus on tumors,trauma,stroke,autoimmune diseases and neurodegenerative diseases.The study of VEGF related to epileptic seizures is relatively rare.This paper is to make a review about the neuroprotective effect of VEGF on epileptic seizure.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466881

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of application of probiotics on intestinal flora and related cytokines in infants with cholestatic liver disease.Methods (1) Eighty-four infants with cholestatic liver disease had been hospitalized from October 2010 to June 2011 in the First Hospital of Guangxi Medical University.The infants with cholestatic liver disease were randomly divided into the probiotic intervention group and the non-probiotic intervention group.Quantification of intestinal bacteria was detected by SYBR Green Ⅰ real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction,then the number of 3 kinds of bacteria before and after the treatment was compared.(2) The indices of liver function,blood ammonia,cholesterol were detected.The levels of serum transforming growth factor-β1,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results (1) The number of bifidobacterium,lactobacillus and bifidobacterium/escherichia coli (B/E) were significantly increased (all P < 0.01),whereas the number of escherichia coli was significantly decreased in the probiotic intervention group(P < 0.05),however,there were no differences in the non-probiotic intervention group(all P > 0.05).(2)The indices of total billirubin,direct billirubin,γ-Glutamyltransferase,total bile acid,alanine aminotransferase,blood ammonia,alkaline phosphatase were significantly improved after therapy in 2 groups (all P < 0.05).The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased in the probiotic intervention group (t--7.31,P =0.00;t =-2.90,P =0.01),but there were no differences in the non-probiotic intervention group.The level of BA was significantly decreased in the probiotic intervention group than the non probiotic intervention group (t =-8.37,P =0.00).(3) The B/E value were significantly inverse correlated with level of serum IL-6 (r =-0.796,P =0.01).Conclusions It may help to restore the intestinal flora and balance the immune function in infants with cholestatic liver disease after application of probiotics.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of combined detecting serum cystatin C (Cys-C),retinol binding protein (RBP),high sensitive C reactive protein (hsCRP)and urine microalbuminuria (UMA)for early re-nal damage detection in patients With essential hypertension (EH).Methods:Levels of Cys-C,RBP and UMA Were measured in 83 EH patients (EH group)and 80 healthy objects With similar age (healthy control group)respective-ly.Positive rates (exceeding upper limit of normal value for above index Was regarded as positive) of single and combined use of above indexes Were calculated.Results:Compared With healthy control group,there Were signifi-cant increase in levels of Cys-C [(0.98±0.30)μg/ml vs.(1.23±1.38)μg/ml],RBP [(38.32±10.10)mg/L vs. (41.67±11.68)mg/L],and UMA [(1.17±0.46)mg/L vs.(3.01±3.31)mg/L]in EH group (P<0.05 or <0.01),and their detection rates for early renal damage Were 21.69%,19.28%,14.46% and 19.28% respectively. Combined detecting rates of Cys-C + UMA and UMA+ RBP Were 36.14% and 34.94% respectively,Which Were significantly higher than those of single index (P<0.05 all).Conclusion:Proper multi-index combined detecting can effectively raise the detection rate of early renal damage in patients With hypertension.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453084

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection status quo of 21 kinds of genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV)and their distribution rule among the women in Hengyang region.Methods A total of 8 032 women voluntarily accepting cervical cancer screening in the Hengyang Municipal Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital fromg April 2012 to May 2013 were selected as the research subjects.The exfoliated cells samples of cervical tissue were collected for detecting 21 kinds of HPV genotypes by Hybri-Max.The HPV infectious rate and the HPV gene distribution were analyzed by using SSPS13.0.Results Of 8 032 women,1 664 cases were detected out 1 kind or more than 2 kinds of HPV,the HPV infectious rate was 20.72%(1 664/8 032).The top 6 geno-types of HPV were HPV16,52,58,81,53 and 18.Among 1 664 female cases of HPV infection,the single HPV infection rate was 76.44%,the multiple infection rate was 23.56%,which was dominated by the double infection;the total positive rate in the various age groups of HPV infection presented theU-type distribution with the age increase,however the total positive rate had no statis-tically significant differences among all age groups(P >0.05 ).Conclusion The HPV female infection rate in Hengyang region is relatively higher,moreover the high risk HPV is predominant.HPV 16 occupies the top ranking.

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