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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953742

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the differences of clinical effects between the bilateral endoscopic breast reconstruction and the open breast reconstruction. Methods    The clinical data of 28 female patients who underwent bilateral breast graft reconstruction in the Department of Breast Surgery of West China Hospital from January 2017 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups: an endoscopic group (n=12, aged 41.3±8.9 years) and an open group (n=16, aged 41.6±8.8 years). The clinical data of the two groups of patients were compared. Results     There was no significant difference in demographic and oncological data between the two groups (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in the implants between the two groups (P=0.008). The operation time (298.2±108.6 min vs. 326.5±95.8 min, P=0.480) and anesthesia time (373.4±91.2 min vs. 400.3±97.1 min, P=0.463) were not significantly different. The total complications (P=0.035) and major complications (P=0.024) in the open group were more than those in the endoscopic group. For the comparison of breast satisfaction, psychosocial well-being and sexual well-being, the scores at six months and one year after surgery were higher in the endoscopic group than those in the open group (P<0.05). Conclusion    The endoscopic reconstruction is safe and effective, with high satisfaction rates regarding  breast reconstruction and quality of life, and is superior to conventional open surgery.

2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 296-304, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To provide a guideline for genealogy inference and family lineage investigation through a study of the mismatch tolerance distribution of Y-STR loci in Chinese Han male lineage.@*METHODS@#Three Han lineages with clear genetic relationships were selected. YFiler Platinum PCR amplification Kit was used to obtain the typing data of 35 Y-STR loci in male samples. The variation of Y-STR haplotypes in generation inheritance and the mismatch tolerance at 1-7 kinship levels were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Mutations in Y-STR were family-specific with different mutation loci and numbers of mutation in different lineages. Among all the mutations, 66.03% were observed on rapidly and fast mutating loci. At 1-7 kinship levels, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 5 on all 35 Y-STR loci, with a maximum step size of 6. On medium and slow mutant loci, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 2, with a maximum step size of 3; on rapidly and fast mutant loci, the number of mismatch tolerance ranged from 0 to 3, with a maximum step size of 6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Combined use of SNP genealogy inference and Y-STR lineage investigation, both 0 and multiple mismatch tolerance need to be considered. Family lineage with 0-3 mismatch tolerance on all 35 Y-STR loci and 0-1 mismatch tolerance on medium and slow loci can be prioritized for screening. When the number of mismatch tolerance is eligible, family lineages with long steps should be carefully excluded. Meanwhile, adding fast mutant loci should also be handled with caution.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Haplotypes , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Microsatellite Repeats , Mutation , Asian People/genetics , China , Genetics, Population
3.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 97-107, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966407

ABSTRACT

Aristolochic acid (AA), extracted from Aristolochiaceae plants, plays an essential role in traditional herbal medicines and is used for different diseases. However, AA has been found to be nephrotoxic and is known to cause aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN).AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome in AAN with a high morbidity that manifests mitochondrial damage as a key part of its pathological progression. Melatonin primarily serves as a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. However, its mitochondrial protective role in AA-induced AKI is barely reported. In this study, mice were administrated 2.5 mg/kg AA to induce AKI. Melatonin reduced the increase in Upro and Scr and attenuated the necrosis and atrophy of renal proximal tubules in mice exposed to AA. Melatonin suppressed ROS generation, MDA levels and iNOS expression and increased SOD activities in vivo and in vitro. Intriguingly, the in vivo study revealed that melatonin decreased mitochondrial fragmentation in renal proximal tubular cells and increased ATP levels in kidney tissues in response to AA. In vitro, melatonin restored the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in NRK-52E and HK-2 cells and led to an elevation in ATP levels. Confocal immunofluorescence data showed that puncta containing Mito-tracker and GFP-LC3A/B were reduced, thereby impeding the mitophagy of tubular epithelial cells. Furthermore, melatonin decreased LC3A/B-II expression and increased p62 expression. The apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells induced by AA was decreased. Therefore, our findings revealed that melatonin could prevent AA-induced AKI by attenuating mitochondrial damage, which may provide a potential therapeutic method for renal AA toxicity.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1521-1527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978740

ABSTRACT

At present, most clinical thrombolytic drugs are plasminogen activators, which are highly dependent on the plasminogen level of the patient. Therefore, the efficacy of those drugs is restricted. Unlike the conventional thrombolytic plasminogen activator drugs, fibrinolytic drugs have direct fibrinolytic activity. Thus, fibrinolytic drugs can directly dissolve the thrombus, and its thromlysis efficacy is not restricted by the patients' plasminogen. This is a new type of thrombolytic drug with higher thrombolytic efficiency and safety, and has become one of the research hotspots at present. Although more and more agents that can be used as fibrinolytic drugs have been discovered, only a few of them can successfully be applied in clinical practice. The mainly underlying reason is the risk of bleeding. In this paper, based on the latest research progress of fibrinolytic drugs, the bleeding mechanisms and coping strategies of fibrinolytic drugs were systematically reviewed, five types of bleeding mechanisms of fibrinolytic drugs were summarized, and three types of coping strategies were proposed. We hope our work can provide theoretical basis for the development of safer and more efficient fibrinolytic drugs.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 130-135, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of keloid fibroblasts on the polarization and expression of inflammatory factors of M0 macrophages and possible mechanisms, and provide theoretical basis for new targets for keloid therapy.Methods:Keloids, normal skin tissues and paraffin specimens from patients undergoing plastic surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from November 2020 to September 2021 were collected, and fibroblasts of keloids and normal skins were isolated and co-cultured with M0 cells formed form THP-1 by phorbol ester (PMA)-stimulation to detect the expression of macrophage polarization markers and cytokines. Besides, keloid fibroblasts were treated with exogenous tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) to detect its effect on the proliferation and extracellular matrix expression.Results:Macrophages were dominated by CD163 + (M2) in keloid tissues. Moreover, M0 cells expressed more TNF-α when co-cultured with keloid fibroblasts, compared with those with normal skin fibroblasts, in which, the positive staining rates of TNF-α were 19.32% and 29.52% respectively by flow cytometry. Furthermore, the proliferation was promoted and the expression of extracellular matrix proteins (COL3A1 and FN1)and Vimentin were upregulated in keloid fibroblasts under TNF-α stimulation. However, there was no significant difference in the expression of polarization surface markers CD86 and CD163 in macrophages, when co-cultured with keloid fibroblasts or normal skin fibroblasts. Conclusions:Keloid fibroblasts promote the expression of TNF-α in macrophages, which in turn promotes the proliferation and extracellular matrix secretion of keloid fibroblasts.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 235-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929563

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of IKZF1 gene deletion in patients with acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) . Methods: The clinical data of 142 patients with B-ALL diagnosed in Nanfang Hospital between March 2016 and September 2019 were analyzed. Results: IKZF1 deletion was found in 36.0% of the 142 patients with B-ALL, whereas exon 4-7 deletion was found in 44.0% . White blood cell counts were higher in patients with the IKZF1 deletion (52.0% and 28.3% , P=0.005) ; these patients also experienced worse effects of mid-term induction therapy (40.0% and 70.7% , P<0.001) and had a higher proportion of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (52.0% and 21.7% , respectively, P<0.001) . Univariate analysis revealed that the 3-year overall survival rate (OS) and event-free survival rate (EFS) in the IKZF1 deletion group were significantly lower than the IKZF1 wild-type group [ (37.1±7.3) % vs (54.7±5.4) % , (51.8±7.9) % vs (73.9±4.7) % ; P=0.025, 0.013, respectively]. Multivariable analysis showed that harboring IKZF1 deletion was an adverse factor of EFS and OS (HR=1.744, 2.036; P=0.022, 0.020, respectively) . Furthermore, the IKZF1 deletion/chemotherapy group had significantly lower 3-year OS, EFS, and disease-free survival rates than other subgroups. In the IKZF1 deletion cohort, allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) significantly improved OS and EFS compared to non-allo-HSCT[ (67.9±10.4) % vs (31.9±11.0) % , (46.6±10.5) % vs (26.7±9.7) % ; P=0.005, 0.026, respectively]. Conclusion: Pediatric-inspired chemotherapy was unable to completely reverse the negative effect of IKZF1 deletion on prognosis. Pediatric-inspired regimen therapy combined with allo-HSCT, in contrast, significantly improved the overall prognosis of IKZF1 deletion B-ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Burkitt Lymphoma , Gene Deletion , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Prognosis
7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 808-813, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991107

ABSTRACT

The identification of tumor-related microRNAs(miRNAs)exhibits excellent promise for the early diag-nosis of cancer and other bioanalytical applications.Therefore,we developed a sensitive and efficient biosensor using polyadenine(polyA)-mediated fluorescent spherical nucleic acid(FSNA)for miRNA analysis based on strand displacement reactions on gold nanoparticle(AuNP)surfaces and electrokinetic signal amplification(ESA)on a microfluidic chip.In this FSNA,polyA-DNA biosensor was anchored on AuNP surfaces via intrinsic affinity between adenine and Au.The upright conformational polyA-DNA recognition block hybridized with 6-carboxyfluorescein-labeled reporter-DNA,resulting in fluores-cence quenching of FSNA probes induced by AuNP-based resonance energy transfer.Reporter DNA was replaced in the presence of target miRNA,leading to the recovery of reporter-DNA fluorescence.Sub-sequently,reporter-DNAs were accumulated and detected in the front of with Nafion membrane in the microchannel by ESA.Our method showed high selectivity and sensitivity with a limit of detection of 1.3 pM.This method could also be used to detect miRNA-21 in human serum and urine samples,with re-coveries of 104.0%-113.3%and 104.9%-108.0%,respectively.Furthermore,we constructed a chip with three parallel channels for the simultaneous detection of multiple tumor-related miRNAs(miRNA-21,miRNA-141,and miRNA-375),which increased the detection efficiency.Our universal method can be applied to other DNA/RNA analyses by altering recognition sequences.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 822-825, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of ultrasound-guided coaxial trocar biopsy combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound in peripheral pulmonary lesions.Methods:From April 2019 to October 2020, 110 patients with peri-pulmonary lesions underwent ultrasound-guided coaxial trocar biopsy and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in Zhongshan People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were performed contrast-enhanced ultrasound, at the same time, under the guidance of ultrasound, coaxial cannula was used for precise positioning and puncture biopsy of peripheral lung tumors. The times of puncture, the situation of sampling, pathological diagnosis and complications after puncture were recorded.Results:There were 110 lesions in 110 patients with peripheral lesions, and the maximum diameter of the lesions was (3.4±1.2)cm. Ultrasound guided coaxial trocar can be used for multiple, multi angle and multi-layer deep biopsy. The average number of sampling was 1-3, and the success rate of puncture was 100%(110/110). The pathological diagnosis rate was 95.5%(105/110), among which 83 cases (79.0%) were malignant: 42 cases of adenocarcinoma, 19 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 7 cases of metastatic adenocarcinoma, 4 cases of lymphoepitheliomatoid carcinoma, 4 cases of small cell carcinoma, 2 cases of non-small cell carcinoma, 2 cases of non-keratinized undifferentiated carcinoma, 2 cases of poorly differentiated carcinoma, and 1 case of rhabdomyosarcoma. 22 benign cases (21.0%): 10 inflammatory lesions, 4 pneumonia, 3 necrotic tissue, 2 tuberculosis, 1 atypical adenomatoid hyperplasia of alveolar epithelium, 1 pulmonary cryptococcosis, and 1 inflammatory pseudotumor. The postpuncture complications included pneumothorax 2.7%(3/110) and hemoptysis 0.9%(1/110).Conclusions:Percutaneous ultrasound-guided coaxial puncture biopsy combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound has high success rate, rapid sampling, clear display of lesions, identification of tumor activity and necrosis area, accurate positioning of puncture target, multi-point sampling in case of one puncture, reducing puncture time and complications, and high clinical application value.

9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 296-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the trend of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) resistance to clarithromycin and levofloxacin and to provide guidance for Hp eradication therapy. Methods:From January 2014 to December 2018, a total of 66 515 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms were enrolled in the First People's Hospital of Wenling. The patients were divided into the following groups: childhood (0 to 6 years old); juvenile (7 to 17 years old); youth (18 to 40 years old),middle age (41 to 65 years old),and old age (≥66 years old). All patients received gastroscopy, gastric mucosal biopsy, Hp culture and drug sensitivity test of clarithromycin and levofloxacin. Results:The Hp positive rate showed a significant downward trend in 2016, 2017 and 2018 (χ2=14.317, 47.079, 88.054, all P<0.05). The average resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin from 2014 to 2018 was 22.72% (4 732/20 831) showing an increasing trend, but the increase was slower after 2017. The average resistance rate to levofloxacin was 30.55% (6 364/20 831), and the overall trend showed a sharp rise from 2015 to 2017 (χ2=38.383, 49.569, both P<0.05), and a significant decline was detected after 2017 (χ2=18.841, P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp to levofloxacin in patients increased with age. The clarithromycin resistance rate first decreased and then increased with age, and the resistance rate in old age (32.52%, 763/2 346) was higher than that in youth (22.09%, 1 086/4 916) and middle age patients (21.21%, 2 854/13 458), and the differences were significant (χ2=991.071, 144.968, both P<0.05). The resistance rate of Hp rose from 12.73% (14/110) in juvenile to 43.31% (1 016/2 346) in old age (χ2=228.867, P<0.05). Conclusion:In recent years, the positive rate of Hp infection in Wenling area has a decreasing trend. Although the resistance rate of Hp to clarithromycin and levofloxacin has been rising slowly or decreasing, it is still at a high level. In the selection of Hp eradication program, the differences between patients in different age groups should be considered with particular attention on the minors.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 237-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873646

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate eating behavior and associated family factors of preschool children during the prevalence of Corona Virus Disease(COVID-19), and to provide scientific basis for healthy eating behavior for preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 1 829 preschool children were investigated by electronic questionnaire from 5 kindergartens in Shenzhen from March 18-20, 2020. SPSS 19.0 was used to perform logistic regression analysis on the factors for eating behavior.@*Results@#The rate of unhealthy eating behavior during the prevalence of COVID-19 was 47.2%. The rate of unhealthy eating behaviors in boys and girls were 46.1% and 48.4%, respectively. And there was no significant difference between different genders(χ 2=1.02,P=0.31). The rate of unhealthy eating behaviors of preschool children aged 3-, 4-, 5- and 6- were 56.6%, 56.8%, 42.3% and 29.9%, respectively, and the differences between different ages were significant(χ 2=72.17,P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that fathers high education level, mothers education level(OR=0.78,0.77,0.21), and parents satisfaction with children s eating were associated with low nutritional problems of child, while parental permission to play while eating, criticize while eating, force child to eat more and force child to eat foods they do not like, and parental concerns about children s appetite, were associated with more unhealthy eating behavior(OR=6.29,1.80,2.20,1.70,2.16)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of unhealthy eating behaviors of preschool children during the prevalence of COVID-19 is lower than usual, but the health education of preschool children s families still needs to be strengthened.

11.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886078

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the needs of detection of poisoning-inducing pesticides occurring in poisoning emergency events, this article introduces and discusses the characteristics, scope of application, and advantages and disadvantages of two types of detection technologies: laboratory detection and on-site rapid detection. The sample pre-processing technology suitable for on-site detection is also elaborated.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2153-2160, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826418

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The relationship between macrocirculation and microcirculation remains controversial. The loss of coherence between microcirculation and macrocirculation has already been found in late-stage sepsis shock. The objective of this study was to determine the earliest possible time of detecting the loss of coherence between microcirculation and macrocirculation in early-stage endotoxemic shock.@*METHODS@#We randomized 24 female New Zealand white rabbits into two groups: endotoxemic shock group (n = 14) and control group (n = 10). Rabbits in the endotoxemic shock group were equipped with arterial and venous catheters and received an intravenous infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 2 mg/kg over 10 min). Rabbits in the control group received the same dose of saline infusion. Microcirculatory perfusion parameters were assessed in the sublingual mucosa using sidestream dark-field video microscopy. Systemic hemodynamics and blood lactate levels were measured at baseline and over a 120-min period.@*RESULTS@#Ninety minutes after completing LPS infusion, all animals in the endotoxemic shock group developed a hypodynamic septic condition, characterized by low cardiac output and increased systemic vascular resistance; 120 min after completing LPS infusion, the mean arterial pressure decreased by 25% (P = 0.01), confirming ongoing endotoxemic shock. However, significant decreases in sublingual microcirculatory parameters of small vessels (microvascular flow index, perfused vessel density, and proportion of small perfused vessels) were observed 30 min after completing LPS infusion (P = 0.01, for all), and threshold decreases of 30% were found 60 min after completing LPS infusion (P = 0.001, for all) in the endotoxemic shock group. Lactate levels significantly increased to more than 2 mm/L at 90 min and more than 4 mm/L at 120 min in the endotoxemic shock group (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Changes in microcirculatory perfusion precede changes in macrocirculation and lactate levels in a rabbit model of endotoxemia shock. Microcirculation, macrocirculation, and oxygen metabolism are distinct in early-stage endotoxic shock.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 197-204, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802186

ABSTRACT

Araliaceae plant Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Panacix Quinquefolii Radix are famous Chinese herbal medicines, with anti-inflammatory and anti-aging effect, as well as obvious effect on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. Studies have found that the metabolism and transport of cholesterol may affect the function of the cardiovascular system. Cholesterol can be divided into high-density cholesterol and low-density cholesterol. Cholesterol has many physiological regulating effect. High-density cholesterol has a protective effect on cardiovascular disease. When the cholesterol metabolism in the body is disordered, low-density cholesterol is increased, and will cause the increase in the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. By consulting relevant Chinese and foreign documents and materials, we found that traditional Chinese medicine Araliaceae has a significant regulatory effect on cholesterol. It can directly regulate the cholesterol level of experimental hyperlipidemia rats, reduce total cholesterol(TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) in rats, and partially increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) level in rats. It can inhibit cholesterol synthesis by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis-regulating genes liver X receptor-α(LXR-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ(PPARγ), cytochrome P450 7A1(CYP7A1); and up-regulate cholesterol metabolism genes peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α(PPARα), PPARγ, CYP8B1, CYP7A1, LXR) and body ATP-binding cassette transporter, ABC transporter(ABCA1, ABCG5/8)to promote cholesterol metabolism in the body. Araliaceae plants may play a neuroprotective role by regulating cholesterol metabolism and transport in the brain, and improve neurodegenerative diseases. Studies on the effect of Araliaceae plants on the metabolism and transport of cholesterol in brain will become a hot research topic in the future. The above review is expected to provide a reference for further research on the lipid-lowering effect and mechanism of Araliaceae plants.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1571-1578, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687262

ABSTRACT

Using split plot design, a pot experiment with sand culture was conducted to investigate the effects ofnitrogen and sulfur combined application on nutritional components and active component of Isatis indigotica at seedling stage under different N (5,15,25 mmol·L⁻¹)and S(0.00,1.25,2.50,5.00,7.50 mmol·L⁻¹) levels. The results showed thatthe two elements had obvious effects and the leaf and root dry weights of I. indigotica seedlings increased greatly at N₂ level. Under the same nitrogen concentration, the leaf and root dry weights increased firstly and decreased with the rising of sulfur concentrations in which S₂ was conducive to the growth and biomass accumulation. Soluble sugar, soluble protein, soluble amino acids contents were the highest in N₁, N₂ and N₃ treatments, respectively. The influence of sulfur concentrations on nutritional components was same as biomass, but the peak of different nutritional components was diversity in different nitrogen levels. The effects on secondary metabolites (total flavones, indigo, indriubin, epigotrin contents) were not obvious significantly, in which these indexes by N₁S₃,N₁S₂,N₃S₀,N₃S₁were the highest, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of nitrogen and sulfur of N₂S₂(N 15 mmol·L⁻¹ and S 2.5 mmol·L⁻¹) was beneficial to the growth and secondary metabolites accumulation of I. indigotica. These results could provide a theoretical basis for rational fertilization and cultivation of I. indigotica seedling.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4410-4418, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775327

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a pot experiment using quartz sands was conducted to study the effects of different concentrations of NaCl (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 mmol·L⁻¹) on the ion absorption, distribution and essential oil components of flowering Schizonepeta tenuifolia. The results showed that as NaCl concentration increased, Na⁺ content of root, stem, leaf and flower increased significantly, and that of the aerial parts was in a higher level than in the root. Regarding the K⁺ content, it decreased in the root but increased in stem, leaf and flower. Some changes were detected in the Ca²⁺ content, but not significant on the whole. The value of K⁺/Na⁺ and Ca²⁺/Na⁺ reduced as a result of increasing NaCl concentrations. The content of essential oil increased under medium salt treatment (50 mmol·L⁻¹ NaCl). However, the synthesis and accumulation of essential oil was inhibited by the serious salt treatment (100 mmol·L⁻¹ NaCl). Over 98% of the essential oil components were terpenes, in which pulegone and menthone were the most two abundant compounds. Varieties of essential oil components did not change significantly under salt stress but their relative proportions did. The transformation of pulegone to menthone was enhanced and the value of pulegone/menthone based on their relative contents decreased with NaCl concentration increasing. Consequently, menthone ranked the most abundant compound by replacing pulegone. Relative content of D-limonene increased under medium and serious salt stress, and that of β-caryophyllene only increased under mild treatments. So our research could provide references for the standard cultivation on saline soil of S. tenuifolia.


Subject(s)
Lamiaceae , Oils, Volatile , Plant Leaves , Salt Stress , Sodium , Sodium Chloride
16.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 493-495,499, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of prozone phenomenon of rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test in syphilis serolog-ic testing and its correlation with the intensity of chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) results.Methods A total of 101493 patients in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were performed syphilis serologic testing by CMIA ,RPR and treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA).The incidence rate of prozone phenomenon in RPR testing was evaluated.Its in-fluencing factors were investigated by using the Logistic regression.Results Among 101493 serum samples ,2180 cases were posi-tive by CMIA and 767 cases were positive by RPR ,the incidence rate of prozone phenomenon was 3.3% (26/767)in RPR.The Lo-gistic regression results indicated that the incidence of prozone phenomenon was significantly correlated with CMIA S /CO values and RPR titer ,but had no correlation with sex ,age and seasonality.Conclusion Although the incidence of prozone phenomenon is low in syphilis serologic testing ,but it is enough important.The patients with higher S/CO value in CMIA test have a higher inci-dence rate of RPR prozone phenomenon.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3564-3571, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335818

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the protective effect of germacrone on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) damaged by H2O2-induced oxidative stress and its possible mechanisms. The oxidative damage model was established by using 500 μmol•L⁻¹ H2O2 to treat HUVECs for 3 hours, and then protected with different concentrations of germacrone for 24 hours. The effect of germacrone on cell viability of HUVECs damaged by H2O2 was detected by MTT. The contents of PGI2, TXB2, ET-1, t-PA, PAI-1, TNF-α and IL-6 were detected by ELISA. The content of NO was detected by using nitrate reductase method. Colorimetry was used to detect NOS and GSH-Px. The contents of MDA, SOD and LDH were detected by TBA, WST-1 and microplate respectively. Apoptosis was observed by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining. The mRNA expressions of Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 in cells were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that the cell damage rate was 52% after treated with 500 μmol•L⁻¹ H2O2 for 3 hours. The cell activity was increasing with the rise of germacrone concentration within the range of 20-200 mol•L⁻¹. Compared with normal group, the contents of PGI2, NO, T-NOS, t-PA, SOD, GSH-Px and Bcl-2 mRNA expressions were lower after damaged with H2O2. The contents of PAI-1, ET-1, IL-6, TNF-α, TXB2, LDH, MDA, Bax mRNA and Caspase-3 mRNA expressions were increased. Compared with model group, the contents of PGI2, NO, T-NOS, t-PA, SOD, GSH-Px and Bcl-2 mRNA expressions were increased after treated with germacrone. The contents of PAI-1, ET-1, IL-6, TNF-α, TXB2, LDH, MDA, Bax mRNA and Caspase-3 mRNA expressions were lower after treated with germacrone. According to Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, compared with normal group, the cell membrane and the nucleus showed strong dense blue fluorescence, and the number of cells significantly decreased in model group. Compared with model group, blue fluorescence intensity decreased in drug group. The above findings demonstrate that germacrone may improve the effect on HUVECs damaged by H2O2-induced oxidative stress by resisting oxidation and inhibiting cell apoptosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 775-778, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501533

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a CVS-11 pseudovirus particles ( pp)-based assay for detec-tion of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus. Methods An improved rapid fluorescence focus inhibition test ( RFFIT) for detection of neutralizing antibody against rabies virus ( RVNA) was established based on the CVS-11 pseudovirus expressing a luciferase reporter gene. Forty-six human serum samples were analyzed with the improved RFFIT and the results were compared with those by using standard RFFIT. Moreover, the improved RFFIT was used to detect the titers of RVNA in 91 serum samples collected from pet dogs and pet-breeders in Beijing. Results The coincidence rate of the improved RFFIT and the standard RFFIT was 100% regarding to the analysis of 46 human serum samples and 5 negative reference serum samples. Moreo-ver, the RVNA titers of all serum samples obtained with CVS-11 pseudovirus-based assay showed a signifi-cant high correlation with those obtained with standard RFFIT (n=46, r=0. 94, P<0. 000 1). All of the 91 serum samples collected from pet dogs and pet-breeders in Beijing were positive for RVNA as indicated by the improved RFFIT with a mean titer of 33. 01 IU/ml. Conclusion We established an improved RFFIT based on the CVS-11 pp expressing luciferase reporter gene, which might be used as a reliable alternative RFFIT for measuring RVNA titer. Analysis of the 91 serum samples collected in Beijing with the improved RFFIT showed that all samples were positive for RVNA.

19.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 384-393, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493506

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of repeated trans-cranial magnetic stimulation ( rTMS) in relieving post-stroke depression ( PSD). Methods PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, Web of Science, CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP were searched for reports of randomized, controlled trials of rTMS treatment of PSD published before June 2015. Crude standardized mean differences ( SMDs) and odds ratios with 95% confidence in-tervals ( CIs) were calculated for depression intensity and effectiveness rate after treatment using random or fixed effects models. Results Twenty-four studies involving 856 rTMS-treated patients and 802 control patients were in-cluded in the meta-analysis. The results showed that compared with the control group, PSD patients showed significant reductions in depression after rTMS treatment ( SMD=-1.36;95% CI-1.6 to-1.12;P≤0.05) . The total effective-ness rate in the treated group was 85% with a reduction in NIHSS score ( SMD=-0.82;95% CI-1.2 to-0.44;P≤0.05) . Subgroup analysis showed that neither the frequency of rTMS stimulation, the site stimulated, nor time after stroke had a significant influence on the effectiveness of rTMS. Additionally, a few studies reported adverse reactions after rTMS. Conclusion rTMS appears to be a safe and effective therapy for PSD. Further well-controlled trials may elucidate the mechanism underlying the placebo effects of the sham rTMS observed among PSD patients.

20.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 340-346, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To learn the rabies genome molecular characteristics and compare the difference of China rabies lineages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The complete genomes of 12 strains from different China rabies lineages were amplified and sequenced, and all the China street strain genomes (total 43), Arctic and Arctic-like genomes were aligned using ClustalX2, the genome homologies were analyzed using MegAlign software, and the phylogenetic trees were constructed by MEGA 5.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>First Arctic-like rabies genome in China (CQH1202D) was reported, and we supplemented the rabies genome data of China, ensuring at least one genome was available in each China lineage. The genome size of China V (11908nt) is obviously shorter than other lineages' (11923-11925nt) for the difference of N-P non-coding regions. Among different lineages, the genome homologies are almost under 90%. CQH1202D (China IV lineage) has close relationship with strains from South Korea and they share about 95% genome similarities.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The molecular characteristics of 6 different China rabies lineages were compared and analyzed from genome level, which benefits for continued comprehensive rabies surveillance, rabies prevention and control in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dogs , Humans , Brain , Virology , China , Genome, Viral , Phylogeny , Rabies , Virology , Rabies virus , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Viral Proteins , Genetics
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