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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3162-3178, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921414

ABSTRACT

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) not only serves as the material basis of biological inheritance, but also shows great potential in the development of novel biological materials due to its programmability, functional diversity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. DNA hydrogel is a three-dimensional mesh polymer material mainly formed by DNA. It has become one of the most interesting emerging functional polymer materials in recent years because of the perfect combination of the DNA biological properties that it retained and the mechanical properties of its own skeleton. At present, single- or multi-component DNA hydrogels developed based on various functional nucleic acid sequences or by combining different functional materials have been widely used in the field of biomedicine, molecular detection, and environmental protection. In this paper, the development of preparation methods and classification strategies of DNA hydrogels are summarized, and the applications of DNA hydrogels in drug delivery, biosensing and cell culture are also reviewed. Finally, the future development direction and potential challenges of DNA hydrogels are prospected.


Subject(s)
DNA/genetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Polymers
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888071

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the statistical distribution characteristics of coating film thickness, so as to present a new method for determining coating endpoint based on 3σ criterion and logic regression. Firstly, the spectrum and thickness of 4 batch samples were collected. Secondly, the spectral range of normal products was obtained by 3σ criterion, with the spectral feature NI as the number of test spectrum in the above range. Then, the model based on 3σ criterion and logic regression was built according to the best condition in K-fold cross-validation and the determined threshold of qualified rate in the coating endpoint. Finally, the qualified rate of test set samples at different time points was calculated by the above model, and the above change trend and the threshold value were combined to determine the coating endpoint. The results of KS analysis showed the distribution of thickness of the qualified products followed the normal distribution(P=0.081>0.05). The accuracy of the coating endpoint determination was as high as 100% by the model based on 3σ criterion and logic regression when the determined threshold of qualified rate was 90%. Therefore, the 3σ criterion was feasible to the research of coating eligibility. This paper reveals certain random phenomena in the coating process, and the method features a high accuracy, quick analysis and a good interpretability, which provides a reference for online detection and qualify evaluation in future.


Subject(s)
Endpoint Determination , Logic , Research Design , Tablets
3.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 202-206, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827833

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, a pneumonia caused by a new coronavirus, i.e. COVID-19 occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Although the epidemic in China has been bought under control, the global COVID-19 situation is still grim. Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), as one of critical conditions in the department of neurosurgery, requires an early and effective treatment, especially surgery. There were currently no reliable guidelines on how to perform perioperative protection in TBI patients with suspected or confirmed coronavirus infection. According to the corresponding treatment regulations and guidelines issued by the authorities, we summarized the management strategy of TBI patients in perioperative period during the COVID-19 outbreak based on medical and nursing practice, in order to provide a reference for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia , Methods , Betacoronavirus , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , General Surgery , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operating Rooms , Pandemics , Perioperative Care , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2653-2659, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877873

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Liver fibrosis (LF) continues to develop and eventually progresses to cirrhosis. However, LF and early-stage cirrhosis (ESC) can be reversed in some cases, while advanced cirrhosis is almost impossible to cure. Advances in quantitative imaging techniques have made it possible to replace the gold standard biopsy method with non-invasive imaging, such as radiomics. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a radiomics model to identify LF and ESC.@*METHODS@#Patients with LF (n = 108) and ESC (n = 116) were enrolled in this study. As a control, patients with healthy livers were involved in the study (n = 145). Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) data sets with three b-values (0, 400, and 800 s/mm) of enrolled cases were collected in this study. Then, radiomics features were extracted from manually delineated volumes of interest. Two modeling strategies were performed after univariate analysis and feature selection. Finally, an optimal model was determined by the receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC).@*RESULTS@#The optimal models were built in plan 1. For model 1 in plan 1, the AUCs of the training and validation cohorts were 0.973 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.946-1.000) and 0.948 (95% CI 0.903-0.993), respectively. For model 2 in plan 1, the AUCs of the training and validation cohorts were 0.944, 95% CI 0.905 to 0.983, and 0.968, 95% CI 0.940 to 0.996, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Radiomics analysis of DWI images allows for accurate identification of LF and ESC, and the non-invasive biomarkers extracted from the functional DWI images can serve as a better alternative to biopsy.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnostic imaging , Machine Learning , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873097

ABSTRACT

Objective::Near infrared spectroscopy was used to detect the concentration density (25 ℃), solid-containing content, rhein content and glycyrrhizic acid content of compound Dahuang decoction. Method::The concentrated liquid of compound Dahuang decoction was determined by near infrared optical fiber transmission spectrometry. The contents of rhein and glycyrrhizic acid were determined by HPLC. Fifty-one samples were used for internal cross-validation, and partial least square regression was used to establish correction models between near-infrared spectrum and density, solid-containing content, rhein content and glycyrrhizic acid content, respectively. Ten unknown concentrated liquid samples were collected for external validation and prediction. Result::The external validation complex correlation coefficients between near-infrared spectra and density, solid-containing content, rhein content and glycyrrhizic acid content of the concentrated liquid of compound Dahuang decoction were 0.995 9, 0.999 6, 0.997 0 and 0.992 2, and the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) values were 2.50×10-3, 0.17, 7.57 and 67.10, respectively. Conclusion::The near infrared spectroscopy is suitable for the determination of evaluation indexes of the concentrated liquid index of compound Dahuang decoction, and has the characteristics of rapid, simple, stable and reliable.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 192-197, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of pericoronary adipose tissue histogram parameters based on coronary CT angiography (CTA) images for the differentiation of acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery disease.Methods:The clinical data and CTA images of 93 patients with coronary CTA examination in Suzhou Kowloon Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 39 patients with acute coronary syndrome (acute coronary syndrome group) and 54 patients with stable coronary artery disease (stable coronary artery disease group). A region of interest (ROI) was drawn around the stenosis of the coronary arteries, with CT attenuation ranging from-190 to -30 HU to exclude non-adipose tissue. The CT attenuation of ROI excluding non-adipose were measured and histogram analysis was performed. The obtained parameters included the mean value, median value and the 5th, 10th, 45th, 55th, 70th and 95th percentiles. The differences in histogram parameters between the two groups were compared, and then the value of each parameter in differentiating acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery disease was evaluated based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The stepwise regression of multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the useful features and establish the final prediction model. The ROC curve of the final model was calculated and its value was analyzed.Results:The mean, median and the 5th, 10th, 45th, 55th,70th and 95th percentile differences between the acute coronary syndrome group and the stable coronary artery disease group were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The ROC curve for the median and the 95th percentile had the same area under curve (AUC) of 0.73. The sensitivity, specificity and AUC of the diagnostic model established by multiple logistic regression were 82.1%, 89.1% and 0.90 respectively. Conclusion:CT attenuation histogram of pericoronary adipose tissue is of high value in differentiating acute coronary syndrome from stable coronary artery disease.

7.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000107, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088521

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose Patients with diabetes are vulnerable to myocardial I/R (ischaemia/reperfusion) injury, but are not responsive to IPO (ischaemic post-conditioning). We hypothesized that decreased cardiac Adiponectin (APN) is responsible for the loss of diabetic heart sensitivity to IPO cardioprotecton. Methods Diabetic rats were subjected to I/R injury (30 min of LAD occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion). Myocardial infarct area was determined by TTC staining. Cardiac function was monitored by a microcatheter. ANP, 15-F2t-isoprostane, nitrotyrosine and MDA were measured by assay kits. Levels of p-Akt, total-Akt and GAPDH were determined by Western Blot. Results Diabetic rats subjected to myocardial IR exhibited severe myocardial infarction and oxidative stress injury, lower APN in the plasma and cardiac p-Akt expression ( P <0.05). IPO significantly attenuated myocardial injury and up-regulated plasma APN content and cardiac p-Akt expression in non-diabetic rats but not in diabetic rats. Linear correlation analysis showed that the expression of adiponectin was positively correlated with p-Akt and negatively correlated with myocardial infarction area ( P <0.01). Conclusion Protective effect of IPO was tightly correlated with the expression of adiponectin, exacerbation of I/R injury and ineffectiveness of IPO was partially due to the decline of adiponectin and inactivation of Akt in diabetes mellitus.

8.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 160-167, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003397

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Dexmedetomidine has demonstrated protective effects against lung injury in vitro. Here, we investigated whether dexmedetomidine preconditioning protected against lung injury in hemorrhagic shock rats. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8): control group, hemorrhagic shock group, 5 ug.kg-1 dexmedetomidine (DEX1) group, and 10 ug.kg-1 dexmedetomidine (DEX2) group. Saline or dexmedetomidine were administered over 20 min. 30 min after injection, hemorrhage was initiated in the hemorrhagic shock, DEX1 and DEX2 group. Four hours after resuscitation, protein and cellular content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and the lung histopathology were measured. The malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 were also tested in the lung tissue. Results: Compare with hemorrhagic shock group, 5 ug.kg-1 dexmedetomidine pretreatment reduced the apoptosis (2.25 ± 0.24 vs. 4.12 ± 0.42%, p < 0.05), histological score (1.06 ± 0.12 vs. 1.68 ± 0.15, p < 0.05) and protein (1.92 ± 0.38 vs. 3.95 ± 0.42 mg.mL-1, p < 0.05) and WBC (0.42 ± 0.11 vs. 0.92 ± 0.13 × 109/L, p < 0.05) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Which is correlated with increased superoxide dismutase activity (8.35 ± 0.68 vs. 4.73 ± 0.44 U.mg-1 protein, p < 0.05) and decreased malondialdehyde (2.18 ± 0.19 vs. 3.28 ± 0.27 nmoL.mg-1 protein, p < 0.05). Dexmedetomidine preconditioning also increased the Bcl-2 level (0.55 ± 0.04 vs. 0.34 ± 0.05, p < 0.05) and decreased the level of Bax (0.46 ± 0.03 vs. 0.68 ± 0.04, p < 0.05), caspase-3 (0.49 ± 0.03 vs. 0.69 ± 0.04, p < 0.05). However, we did not observe any difference between the DEX1 and DEX2 groups for these (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine preconditioning has a protective effect against lung injury caused by hemorrhagic shock in rats. The potential mechanisms involved are the inhibition of cell death and improvement of antioxidation. But did not show a dose-dependent effect.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Dexmedetomidina demonstrou efeitos protetores contra a lesão pulmonar in vitro. Neste estudo, investigamos se o pré-condicionamento com dexmedetomidina protege contra a lesão pulmonar em ratos com choque hemorrágico. Métodos: Ratos machos, Sprague-Dawley, foram aleatoriamente divididos em quatro grupos (n = 8): grupo controle, grupo com choque hemorrágico, grupo com 5 µg.kg-1 de dexmedetomidina (DEX1) e grupo com 10 µg.kg-1 de dexmedetomidina (DEX2). Solução salina ou dexmedetomidina foi administrada durante 20 minutos. Trinta minutos após a injeção, a hemorragia foi iniciada nos grupos choque hemorrágico, DEX1 e DEX2. Quatro horas após a ressuscitação, a proteína e o conteúdo celular no lavado broncoalveolar e a histopatologia pulmonar foram medidos. Malondialdeído, superóxido dismutase, Bcl-2, Bax e caspase-3 também foram testados no tecido pulmonar. Resultados: Na comparação com o grupo choque hemorrágico, o pré-tratamento com 5 ug.kg-1 de dexmedetomidina reduziu a apoptose (2,25 ± 0,24 vs. 4,12 ± 0,42%, p < 0,05), escore histológico (1,06 ± 0,12 vs. 1,68 ± 0,15, p < 0,05) e proteína (1,92 ± 0,38 vs. 3,95 ± 0,42 mg.mL-1, p < 0,05) e leucócitos (0,42 ± 0,11 vs. 0,92 ± 0,13 × 109/L, p < 0,05) no lavado broncoalveolar; o que está correlacionado com o aumento da atividade da superóxido dismutase (8,35 ± 0,68 vs. 4,73 ± 0,44 U.mg-1 de proteína, p < 0,05) e diminuição do malondialdeído (2,18 ± 0,19 vs. 3,28 ± 0,27 nmoL.mg-1 de proteína, p < 0,05). O pré-condicionamento com dexmedetomidina também aumentou o nível de Bcl-2 (0,55 ± 0,04 vs. 0,34 ± 0,05, p < 0,05) e diminuiu o nível de Bax (0,46 ± 0,03 vs. 0,68 ± 0,04, p < 0,05), caspase-3 (0,49 ± 0,03 vs. 0,69 ± 0,04, p < 0,05). No entanto, não houve diferença entre os grupos DEX1 e DEX2 para essas proteínas (p > 0,05). Conclusão: O pré-condicionamento com dexmedetomidina tem um efeito protetor contra a lesão pulmonar causada por choque hemorrágico em ratos. Os potenciais mecanismos envolvidos são a inibição da morte celular e a melhora da antioxidação. Porém, não mostrou um efeito dose-dependente.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Shock, Hemorrhagic/drug therapy , Protective Agents/administration & dosage , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Lung Injury/prevention & control , Rats , Shock, Hemorrhagic/complications , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis/drug effects , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Lung Injury/etiology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802416

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of Hei Xiaoyaosan on expressions of β-amyloid 1-42 peptide(Aβ1-42),glycogen synthase kinase-3β(GSK-3β),neprilysin(NEP),insulin-degrading enzyme(IDE) in the hippocampus area of Alzheimer's dementia mice. Method: After weighing, 42 APP/PSI bivalent transgenic mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:10 mice in the model group, 10 mice in the positive drug control group, 11 mice in the high-dose Hei Xiaoyaosan group, and 11 mice in the low-dose Hei Xiaoyaosan group; 10 wild C57BL/6J mice of the same age and strain were used for negative control group. Drugs were administered to mice by gavage once a day for 12 weeks. Then the behavior of all the mice were detected by Morris water maze, the morphological changes in hippocampal neurons were observed by hematoxylineosin(HE) staining, the expressions of Aβ1-42, GSK-3β, NEP and IDE proteins in hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry. Result: After 3 months of treatment, compared with negative control groups, the average escaping latency periods prolonged significantly, and the number of cross-platform was decreased significantly in model group (Pβ1-42 and GSK-3β proteins in model mice hippocampus were significantly increased (PPPβ1-42 and GSK-3β proteins in the hippocampus of drug groups were significantly decreased (PPPConclusion: Hei Xiaoyaosan can significantly improve the learning and memory abilities of AD mice, which may be related to the reduction of cognitive impairment in AD mice by regulating abnormal deposition and degradating Aβ in the hippocampus.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of Hei Xiaoyaosan on endoplasmic reticulum stress in hippocampal neurons of Alzheimer's disease (AD) model mice, including behavioral, histopathology and amyloid precursor protein (APP), protein kinase endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) expressions. Method: The 42 4-month-old SPF-grade double transgenic (APP/PS1) mice were randomly divided into the high-dose group and the low-dose group, the donepezil hydrochloride group and the model group, and 10 C57BL mice of the same age were used as the blank group. Firstly, they were adapted to the environment for one week. After 2 months of treatment with different drug interventions, Morris water maze behavior was used to test the learning and memory abilities of each group of mice. After 1 month of treatment, histopathological changes in the hippocampus of each group of mice were observed by light microscopy. The expressions of APP, PERK protein and mRNA in the endoplasmic reticulum of hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result: After drug intervention, compared with the blank group, the escape latency of the AD model group was significantly prolonged (PPPPPConclusion: Hei Xiaoyaosan can significantly improve the learning and memory abilities of AD mice, which may be related to the reduction of the excessive stress response of endoplasmic reticulum to alleviate cognitive impairment in AD mice.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 241-247, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818220

ABSTRACT

Objective CARD9 can activate several pathways involved in immunity, such as NF-ΚB, MAPK, etc. However the mechanism of this process has not yet been elucidated. For conducting relevant experiments in vitro, a prokaryotic expression vector of CARD9-MBP fusion protein has to been construct, and the fusion protein need to be expressed and purified. Methods The coding sequence of CARD9 and MBP genes were amplified by PCR and the recombinant plasmid was correctly inserted into the pET-30a(+) vector. The recombinant plasmid was transformed into E.coli DH5α competent cells and proceeded PCR identification, restriction analysis and gene sequencing. The correct recombinant plasmid was transformed into E.coli BL21(DE3) competent cells. The target protein was induced to express by IPTG under different conditions. Relative molecular weight of the target protein was detected by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis. The CARD9-MBP fusion protein was purified by MBP maltose chromatography column and gel filtration chromatography column, and identificated by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry after MBP-tag to be removed by HRV3C enzyme. Results The CARD9-MBP fusion protein was successfully constructed and confirmed by PCR and restriction analysis. The result of gene sequencing was consistent with the target sequence. The SDS-PAGE electrophoresis showed that the target protein with molecular mass (MR) about 105 000 was successfully induced to express in E.coli BL21 (DE3). A quite pure CARD9-MBP fusion protein was obtained by purification of MBP maltose chromatography column. Identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry demonstrated that the target protein after MBP-tag to be removed by HRV3C enzyme is CARD9 protein. In the later stage, gel filtration chromatography column was used to obtain further pure CARD9-MBP fusion protein. Conclusion The prokaryotic expression vector of CARD9-MBP fusion protein was successfully constructed and a large number of soluble protein expressed. The purified target protein can be obtained by purification with MBP maltose chromatography column and gel filtration chromatography column.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 638-646, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774778

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ciprofloxacin is usually used in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). Recent studies abroad have shown ciprofloxacin is inadequately dosed and might lead to worse outcomes. The aim of this study was to perform pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analyses of ciprofloxacin in elderly Chinese patients with severe LRTIs caused by Gram-negative bacteria.@*METHODS@#From September 2012 to June 2014, as many as 33 patients were empirically administered beta-lactam and ciprofloxacin combination therapy. Patients were infused with 200 or 400 mg of ciprofloxacin every 12 h, which was determined empirically by the attending physician based on the severity of the LRTI and the patient's renal condition. Ciprofloxacin serum concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Bacterial culture was performed from sputum samples and/or endotracheal aspirates, and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ciprofloxacin were determined. The ratios of the area under the serum concentration-time curve to the MIC (AUC/MIC) and of the maximum serum concentration of the drug to the MIC (Cmax/MIC) were calculated. The baseline data and pharmacokinetic parameters were compared between clinical success group and clinical failure group, bacteriologic success group and bacteriologic failure group.@*RESULTS@#Among the 33 patients enrolled in the study, 17 were infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 14 were infected with Acinetobacter baumannii, and two were infected with Klebsiella pneumoniae. The mean age of the patients was 76.9 ± 6.7 years. Thirty-one patients (93.4%) did not reach the target AUC/MIC value of >125, and 29 patients (87.9%) did not reach the target Cmax/MIC value of >8. The AUC/MIC and Cmax/MIC ratios in the clinical success group were significantly higher than those in the clinical failure group (61.1 [31.7-214.9] vs. 10.4 [3.8-66.1], Z = -4.157; 9.6 [4.2-17.8] vs. 1.3 [0.4-4.7], Z = -4.018; both P  125 and Cmax/MIC > 8, cannot be reached.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Virulence , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ciprofloxacin , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Female , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Virulence , Humans , Male , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Virulence , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Microbiology
13.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 134-138,142, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696228

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status of quality indicators(QI) on specimen acceptability and establish preliminary qual ity specification.Methods Web based External Quality Assessment system was used to collect data of laboratories partici pated in "Medical quality control indicators in clinical laboratory" from 2015 to 2017,including once in 2015 and 2017 and twice in 2016.Rate and sigma scales were used to evaluate incorrect sample type,incorrect sample container,incorrect fill level and anticoagulant sample clotted.The 25th percentile (P25) and 75th percentile (P75) of the distribution of each QI were employed to establish the high,medium and low specification.Results 5 346,7 593,5 950 and 6 874 laboratories sub mitted the survey results respectively.The P50 of biochemistry (except incorrect fill level),immunology and microbiology reach to 6σ.The P50 of clinical laboratory is 4 to 6σ except for incorrect sample container.There is no significant change of the continuous survey results.Based on results in 2017 to establish the quality specification,the P25 and P75 of the four QIs is 0 and 0.084 4 %,0 and 0.047 6 %,0 and 0.114 2 %,0 and 0.078 4 %,respectively.Conclusion According to the results of the survey,most laboratories had a faire performance in biochemistry,immunology and microbiology,and clinical laboratory needs to be strengthened.Laboratories should strengthen the laboratory information system construction to ensure the actual and reliable data collection,and make a long time monitoring to achieve a better quality.

14.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 400-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693910

ABSTRACT

ESE-3 belongs to the epithelium-specific ETS transcription factor subfamily of ETS (E26) located in chromosome 11p12. It belongs to the transcriptional regulation factor which forms transcription complexes with its effector molecules, enhancing or inhibiting transcription of different downstream target genes. The expression of ESE-3 is abnormal in many kinds of tumors, such as colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and so on. It suggests that ESE-3 plays an important role on the pathogenesis of various tumors.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690399

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect and relevant mechanism of Fuzi Lizhong decoction (FZLZD) on liver of rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), totally 32 male SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, model group, Yishanfu (YSF) group (200 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) and FZLZD group (10 g·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹), with 8 rats in each group. Rat model of NAFLD was prepared through the intragastric administration with fat emulsion for 4 weeks. After the successful modeling, rats in each administration group were continuously administered for 4 weeks. After 8 weeks, the rats in each group were put to death, and the pathological changes in liver tissue were detected by HE staining. Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect fasting serum lipid levels (T-Chol, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C) and liver functions (ALT, TP, ALB) of rats in each group. The rat liver index was calculated by weighing method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the secretion of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in liver tissue. Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expressions of fat metabolism-related factors SREBP-1c and FASN in liver tissue. Western blot was used to detect the p-AMPK and p-NF-κBp65 protein expressions in liver tissue. The results of HE staining showed that compared with the control group, the pathological changes in liver tissue in the model group rats were obvious; specifically, the outline of hepatic lobule was unclear, the hepatic cells showed diffuse steatosis of adipose tissue, and were accompanied by inflammatory infiltration, nuclear condensation, coloring deep; compared with the model group, liver lesions of all of the treatment groups were significantly alleviated; especially, the FZLZD group showed the most significant degree of remission. The results of serum test showed that the levels of serum lipids (T-Chol, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C), liver functions (ALT, TP, ALB) and liver index in model group were significantly higher than those in control group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the indexes of serum lipid and liver function of rats in each treatment group were significantly decreased (<0.01), and those in FZLZD group were significantly decreased (<0.05), while those in YSF group were not significantly changed. The results of ELISA and qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, the secretion levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c and FASN in the liver tissue of model group rats were significantly increased (<0.01); compared with model group, the secretion levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c, FASN in liver tissue of rats in each treatment group were significantly decreased (<0.01); compared with YSF group, the secretion levels of TNF-α and IL-6 and the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c and FASN in FZLZD group were significantly different (<0.01). Western blotting showed that compared with the model group, the protein expression of p-AMPK in liver tissue of rats in FZLZD group was significantly increased (<0.01), while the protein expression of p-NF-κBp65 was significantly decreased (<0.01). FZLZD can significantly improve hepatic pathological changes, reduce serum lipid levels, promote liver function and liver index in NAFLD rats, which may be associated with the activation of the AMPK pathway and thereby the inhibition of the expressions of SREBP-1c and FASN, and the inhibition of the NF-κBp65 pathway and thereby the reduction of the release of inflammatory factors.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 730-733, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818053

ABSTRACT

Objective Erythroderma is a very serious disease that affects nearly the entire cutaneous surface and are highly subjected to secondary hypoalbuminemia, infection, cardiovascular diseases, complex causes and high death rates. The article aimed to explore the etiology, comorbidities and complicated infection of erythroderma.Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data of 95 cases of erythroderma in our department from January 2009 to August 2016. Observations were made on the patients' clinical characteristics, etiology and inducement, lab examination, complications and complicated infection.Results There were 73 first-episode and 22 recurrent patients, among which 14 cases are psoriasis as the basic disease. As to etiological factors, there were 57 cases secondary to other skin diseases (60%) and 25 cases by drug reactions (26%). As to inducing factors, there were 6 cases by upper respiratory tract infection, 38 cases by irrational application of glucocorticoids, and 7 cases by external stimulants (traditional Chinese medicine scrubbing and external medicinal liquor). The main complications were 38 cases of cardiovascular diseases (40%). The complicated infection rates of plasma albumin in patients <35g/L and ≥35g/L were 65.78% and 12.28%(P<0.01). The complicated infection rates of the patients with hypoalbuminemia and electrolyte disturbance were 44.2% and 25% respectively (P<0.05).Conclusion The erythroderma is mainly secondary to previous skin diseases, mostly psoriasis, with cardiovascular diseases as the main comorbidities. In clinical practice, importance should be attached to monitoring decreased plasma albumin level and electrolyte disturbances in order to reduce the risk of infection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707157

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare mobilization effects of endogeneous MSCs in the treatment of ulcerative colitis rats by Shenling Baizhu Powder and Tongxie Yaofang Decoction. Methods Twenty SD male rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Shenling Baizhu Powder group and Tongxie Yaofang Decoction group. TNBS/ethanol method was used to build the ulcerative colitis model. Administration groups were given Shenling Baizhu Powder and Tongxie Yaofang Decoction for gavage and model group and blank group were given normal saline for gavage. After gavage, MSCs from peripheral blood and bone marrow were extracted for primary culture. MSCs of bone marrow and peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Results MSCs from bone marrow showed: Compared with the blank group, the percentage of positive cells in the model group decreased (P<0.05); Compared with the model group, the percentage of positive cells in Shenling Baizhu Powder group and Tongxie Yaofang Decoction group increased, and the expression of Shenling Baizhu Powder group was more obvious (P<0.05). MSCs from peripheral blood showed: Compared with the blank group, the percentage of positive cells in the model group increased (P<0.05); Compared with the model group, the percentage of positive cells in Shenling Baizhu Powder group and Tongxie Yaofang Decoction group decreased, and the expression of Shenling Baizhu Powder group was more obvious (P<0.05). Conclusion Shenling Baizhu Powder and Tongxie Yaofang Decoction have the function of promoting the increase of bone marrow-derived MSCs and the reduction of peripheral blood source of MSCs in model rats, and Shenling Baizhu Powder is better than Tongxie Yaofang Decoction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707056

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effects of angelica polysaccharide on learning and memory abilities, Ach, ChAT, AChE, SOD, MDA in serum, APP and Aβ1-42 in hippocampus in model rats with Alzheimer disease (AD); To explore the mechanism of angelica polysaccharide for the treatment of AD. Methods Seventy SPF Wistar rats were selected for learning and memory ability by water maze. 10 rats were randomly selected (half female and half male) as sham-operation group, and the others were injected with Aβ25-35 by stereotatic techniques, copying AD model rats. 50 rats for learning and memory ability by water maze were successfully divided into model group, positive group, angelica polysaccharide low-, medium-, and high-dose groups, with 10 rats in each group. Rats in model group and sham-operation group were given normal saline for gavage, while rats in medication groups were given relevant medicine for gavage, 2 mL/(100 g?d), for 28 d. The learning and memory ability of rats in each group was tested by Morris water maze during 25-28 days, and the contents of Ach, ChAT, AChE, SOD, MDA in serum and APP and Aβ1-42 in hippocampus were determined. Results Compared with the sham-operation group, the escape latent period of model group was significantly prolonged in place navigation experiment; the target quadrant time was shortened; the latent time for the first time to reach the original escape platform was longer in spatial probe test; the residence time of crossing the original platform position and the target quadrant was shorter; the levels of Ach, the activity of ChAT and SOD in serum decreased; the levels of MDA, the activity of AChE in serum increased; the levels of APP and Aβ1-42 in hippocampus increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with model group, the escape latent period of each medication group was shortened in different degrees after the intervention treatment; the residence time of target quadrant was prolonged; the latent time for the first time to reach the original escape platform was shortened; the number of cross platform increased; the levels of Ach, the activity of ChAT and SOD in serum increased; the levels of MDA and the activity of AChE in serum decreased; the levels of APP and Aβ1-42 in hippocampus significantly decreased, with statistical significance (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion Angelica polysaccharide may effectively improve the learning and memory of ability of AD model rats to improve anti-free radical oxidation and promote Aβ metabolism and promote learning and memory ability of AD model rats, which have some preventive and therapeutic effects on AD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664582

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of Periplane-ta americana extract Ento-A on the immune function in immunosuppressed mice . Methods Immunosup-pressed mouse model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide in KM mice .To evalu-ate the effects of Ento-A on the immune function in im-munosuppressed mice , neutral red method and MTT assay were used respectively to detect the effects of En-to-A on the phagocytosis of peritoneal macrophages and T cell proliferation rate in mice; with sheep red blood cell as immunogen , the effects of Ento-A on the pro-duction of serum hemolysin were evaluated;peripheral blood was tested and immune organ index calculated . Results Compared with model control group , the high, medium and low doses of Ento-A could improve the expression of serum hemolysin in immunosup-pressed mice ( P<0.01 ) , and increase the spleen in-dex(P<0.01) and thymus index (P>0.05), signifi-cantly increased the content of WBC ( P<0.01 ) , PLT ( P<0.01 ) , HGB ( P<0.01 ) , while the contents of RBC was on the rise , with no significant difference ( P>0.05 ) in peripheral blood , significantly enhanced phagocytic function and T lymphocyte proliferative abil-ity in a dose-dependent manner ( P<0.01 ) .Conclu-sion Ento-A can enhance the immune function of im-munosuppressed mice .

20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(6): 600-606, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897789

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has demonstrated the preconditioning effect and shown protective effects against organize injury. In this study, using A549 (human alveolar epithelial cell) cell lines, we investigated whether DEX preconditioning protected against acute lung injury (ALI) in vitro. Methods A549 were randomly divided into four groups (n = 5): control group, DEX group, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) group, and D-LPS (DEX + LPS) group. Phosphate buffer saline (PBS) or DEX were administered. After 2 h preconditioning, the medium was refreshed and the cells were challenged with LPS for 24 h on the LPS and D-LPS group. Then the malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3 and the cytochrome c in the A549 were tested. The apoptosis was also evaluated in the cells. Results Compare with LPS group, DEX preconditioning reduced the apoptosis (26.43% ± 1.05% vs. 33.58% ± 1.16%, p < 0.05) in the A549, which is correlated with decreased MDA (12.84 ± 1.05 vs. 19.16 ± 1.89 nmoL.mg-1 protein, p < 0.05) and increased SOD activity (30.28 ± 2.38 vs. 20.86 ± 2.19 U.mg-1 protein, p < 0.05). DEX preconditioning also increased the Bcl-2 level (0.53 ± 0.03 vs. 0.32 ± 0.04, p < 0.05) and decreased the level of Bax (0.49 ± 0.04 vs. 0.65 ± 0.04, p < 0.05), caspase-3 (0.54 ± 0.04 vs. 0.76 ± 0.04, p < 0.05) and cytochrome c. Conclusion DEX preconditioning has a protective effect against ALI in vitro. The potential mechanisms involved are the inhibition of cell death and improvement of antioxidation.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Dexmedetomidina (DEX) demonstrou ter efeito pré-condicionante e também efeitos protetores contra lesão organizada. Neste estudo, com células A549 (células epiteliais alveolares humanas), investigamos se o pré-condicionamento com DEX proporcionaria proteção contra lesão pulmonar aguda (LPA) in vitro. Métodos Células A549 foram aleatoriamente distribuídas em quatro grupos (n = 5): controle, DEX, lipopolissacarídeos (LPS) e D-LPS (DEX + LPS). Administramos solução de PBS (tampão fosfato-alcalino) ou DEX. Após 2 h de pré-condicionamento, o meio foi renovado e as células desafiadas com LPS por 24 h nos grupos LPS e D-LPS. Em seguida, malondialdeído (MDA), superóxido dismutase (SOD), Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3 e em A549 foram testados. Apoptose também foi avaliada nas células. Resultados Em comparação com o grupo LPS, o pré-condicionamento com DEX reduziu a apoptose (26,43% ± 1,05% vs. 33,58% ± 1,16%, p < 0,05) em células A549, o que está correlacionado com a diminuição de MDA (12,84 ± 1,05 vs. 19,16 ± 1,89 nmol.mg-1 de proteína, p < 0,05) e aumento da atividade de SOD (30,28 ± 2,38 vs. 20,86 ± 2,19 U.mg-1 de proteína, p < 0,05). O pré-condicionamento com DEX também aumentou o nível de Bcl-2 (0,53 ± 0,03 vs. 0,32 ± 0,04, p < 0,05) e diminuiu o nível de Bax (0,49 ± 0,04 vs. 0,65 ± 0,04, p < 0,05), caspase-3 (0,54 ± 0,04 vs. 0,76 ± 0,04, p < 0,05) e citocromo c. Conclusão O pré-condicionamento com DEX tem efeito protetor contra LPA in vitro. Os potenciais mecanismos envolvidos são inibição da morte celular e melhoria da antioxidação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Alveolar Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Hypnotics and Sedatives/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Cells, Cultured , Lipopolysaccharides/antagonists & inhibitors
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