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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928957

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy and safety of mulberry twig alkaloids (Sangzhi alkaloids, SZ-A) for treatment of type 2 diabetes in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter clinical trial.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 patients were randomized to receive SZ-A (n=100) or placebo (n=100) for 16 weeks. The data analysis system for electronic data capture clinical trial central randomization system was used for randomization and dispensing of drugs. The primary outcome was the change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level. The secondary outcome included the proportions of cases with HbA1c <7.0% and HbA1c <6.5%, fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), area under curve for the PBG (AUC0-2h), body weight, and body mass index (BMI). Adverse events (AEs), severe adverse events (SAEs), treatment-related adverse events (TAEs), gastrointestinal disorders (GDs), blood pressure, routine blood tests, and liver and kidney function were monitored.@*RESULTS@#Compared with baseline, the change of HbA1c at week 16 was -0.80% (95% CI: -0.98% to -0.62%) and -0.09% (95% CI: -0.27% to 0.09%) in SZ-A group and placebo group, respectively. The proportion of patients with HbA1c <7% and <6.5% was higher in the SZ-A group than in the placebo group (46.8% vs. 21.6% and 29.9% vs. 10.8%). The observed values and changes in FBG, 1 h-PBG, 2 h-PBG, and AUC0-2h differed significantly between groups (P<0.001), but differences were not significant in body weight and BMI (P>0.05). The incidence rates of AEs, TAEs, and GDs differed significantly between groups (P=0.010, P=0.005, and P=0.006, respectively), whereas the incidence rates of SAEs showed no significant differences between groups (P=1.000).@*CONCLUSION@#SZ-A are effective and safe for treatment of type 2 diabetes. The protocol was registered in http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=60117 (ChiCTR2000038550).


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Morus , Tablets/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879006

ABSTRACT

The study aiming at exploring the potassium-dissolving capacity of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria from diffe-rent sources and screen the strains with high potassium-dissolving ability, so as to lay a theoretical foundation for cultivation and quality improvement of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis sources. The rhizosphere soil of 10 wild and transplanted species from Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces was used as the research object. Potassium-dissolving bacteria were isolated and purified, and their potassium-dissolving capacity was determined by flame spectrophotometry, and identified by physiological, biochemical and molecular biological methods. Twenty-six potassium-dissolving bacteria were purified and 13 were obtained from wild and transplanted strains respectively. It was found through the determination of potassium-dissolving capacity that the potassium-dissolving capacity of 26 strains was significantly different, and the mass concentration of K~+ in the fermentation broth were 1.04-2.75 mg·L~(-1), the mcentration of potassium were 0.01-1.82 mg·L~(-1). The strains were identified as Bacillus, Agrobacterium rhizome and Staphylococcus by physiological, biochemical and 16 S rDNA molecular methods, among them Bacillus amylolyticus(4 strains) was the dominant bacterium of Bacillus. The physiology and biochemistry of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizosphere were diffe-rent, and the living environment were different, so the potassium-dissolving capacity also changed. Strain Y4-1 with the highest potassium decomposability was Bacillus amylolytic with a potassium increase of 1.82 mg·L~(-1). The potassium-dissolving ability and the distribution of potassium-dissolving bacteria were different in various habitats. The screening of potassium-dissolving bacteria provided a new strain for the preparation of microbial fertilizer. It is expected that B. amyloidococcus Y4-1 can be used as an ideal strain to cultivate mycorrhizal seedlings of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Subject(s)
China , Liliaceae , Paenibacillus , Potassium , Rhizosphere , Soil
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878956

ABSTRACT

The wild resources of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, a secondary endangered medicinal plant, are severely scarce. Introduction and cultivation can alleviate market demand. To screen phosphatolytic bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and provide data support for the development of high-efficiency microbial fertilizer, in this study, the dilution plate coating method was used to isolate and screen the phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with the ability of mineralizing organic phosphorus from the rhizosphere soil of wild and transplanted varieties of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in 10 different locations in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. After separation and purification, the phosphatolytic capacity was analyzed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Combined with physiological and biochemical experiments, the strains were identified using 16 S rDNA sequencing analysis. Forty one strains were selected from the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis from 10 different habitats. Among them, 21 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the wild variety P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and 20 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the transplanted variety. And significance analysis found that 41 organophosphate solubilizing strains had significant differences in their ability to solubilize phosphorus. The amount of phosphate solubilizing was 0.08-67.61 mg·L~(-1), the pH value was between 4.27 and 6.82. The phosphatolytic amount of strain Y3-5 was 67.61 mg·L~(-1), and the phosphorus increase amount was 57.57 mg·L~(-1). All 41 strains were identified as Gram-positive Bacillus. Combining physiological characteristic and phylogenetic trees, Bacillus mobilis Y3-5 was finally selected as the candidate rhizosphere phosphatolytic bacteria of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The distribution of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was different, and there were significant diffe-rences in phosphorus solubility. Organophosphate-dissolving strain Y3-5 is expected to be a candidate strain of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis microbial fertilizer.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Bacteria/genetics , China , Liliaceae , Phylogeny
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of Vps4b gene mutation on the expressions of cytokeratin 14 (CK14) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) is investigated.@*METHODS@#The bilateral mandibular tissues of mouse on postnatal days 5, 9, 11, 15, and 19 were removed. The mandibular first molar tissue sections were obtained after paraffin embedding. The CK14 and PCNA expressions in the epithelial root sheath of the normal mouse and Vps4b knockout mouse were compared through immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#On postnatal day 5, the normal mouse began to form HERS and had a strong positive PCNA expression in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 9, the HERS structure was continuous, and PCNA was positive in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 11, a small portion of HERS began to break, and PCNA was weakly positive in the HERS cells; on postnatal day 15, HERS continued to fracture; PCNA was weakly and positively expressed in the HERS cells on the root surface; on postnatal day 19, the tooth root reached normal physiological length, and PCNA was positively expressed in the HERS cells of the terminal part. Similar to the normal mouse, the gene knockout mouse also formed a HERS structure on postnatal day 5. However, HERS began to break on postnatal day 9. On postnatal day 19, only a few fragments of HERS were found on the root surface, and the root development was immature. Moreover, the expression intensity of PCNA in the gene knockout mouse was decreased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Vps4b gene mutation may change the CK14 and PCNA expressions, leading to abnormal root development.


Subject(s)
ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities , Animals , Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport , Epithelial Cells , Keratin-14 , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Tooth Root
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of applying management by objective (MBO) and key performance indicator (KPI) method in the quality management of physical examination.Methods:The MBO and KPI methods were used to determine the focus of annual physical examination quality control, and to set 9 key physical examination quality control indicators and assessment standards. The results of physical examination quality control in the first quarter of 2018 were selected as the control group, and those in the fourth quarter of 2018 as the observation group. The two groups were compared using the chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test, after which the application effects of MBO and KPI method were discussed.Results:The scores of physical examination quality control in the observation group were higher than those in the control group; however, the difference was not statistically significant. The key indicators of physical examination quality control in the observation group all showed improvement to different degrees when compared with the control group. Among these indicators, the qualified rate of staff hand hygiene compliance, the qualified rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation operation, and the coincidence rate of major abnormal results of physical examination were increased, but the difference was not statistically significant (95.0% vs 87.5%, P=0.432; 97.5% vs 92.5%, P=0.615; 55.6% vs 51.0%, P=0.232, respectively). Results error rate of physical examination department, completion rate of physical examination quality control documents, client satisfaction, follow-up success rate of major abnormal results of physical examination, and qualified rate of physical examination report were all significantly improved, with statistical significance (1.2% vs 2.2%, P<0.001; 100.0% vs 85.0%, P=0.026; 98.7% vs 96.8%, P<0.001; 68.6% vs 62.6%, P=0.014; 96.2% vs 90.6%, P<0.001, respectively). Conclusion:The application of MBO and KPI methods in the physical examination quality management of physical examination institutions can effectively improve the quality of physical examination.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828956

ABSTRACT

A splicing mutation in VPS4B can cause dentin dysplasia type I (DD-I), a hereditary autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by rootless teeth, the etiology of which is genetically heterogeneous. In our study, dental follicle cells (DFCs) were isolated and cultured from a patient with DD-I and compared with those from an age-matched, healthy control. In a previous study, this DD-I patient was confirmed to have a loss-of-function splicing mutation in VPS4B (IVS7 + 46C > G). The results from this study showed that the isolated DFCs were vimentin-positive and CK14-negative, indicating that the isolated cells were derived from the mesenchyme. DFCs harboring the VPS4B mutation had a significantly higher proliferation rate from day 3 to day 8 than control DFCs, indicating that VPS4B is involved in cell proliferation. The cells were then replenished with osteogenic medium to investigate how the VPS4B mutation affected osteogenic differentiation. Induction of osteogenesis, detected by alizarin red and alkaline phosphatase staining in vitro, was decreased in the DFCs from the DD-I patient compared to the control DFCs. Furthermore, we also found that the VPS4B mutation in the DD-I patient downregulated the expression of osteoblast-related genes, such as ALP, BSP, OCN, RUNX2, and their encoded proteins. These outcomes confirmed that the DD-I-associated VPS4B mutation could decrease the capacity of DFCs to differentiate during the mineralization process and may also impair physiological root formation and bone remodeling. This might provide valuable insights and implications for exploring the pathological mechanisms underlying DD-I root development.


Subject(s)
ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Sac , Cell Biology , Dentin Dysplasia , Genetics , Pathology , Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport , Genetics , Humans , Mutation , Genetics , Osteogenesis , Genetics , RNA Splicing , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) on the ultrastructure of hippocampal dentate gyrus in rats with Alzheimer's disease.@*METHODS@#Forty SPF Wistar male rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham operation group, a model group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each one. The rats in the model group and the acupuncture group were treated with injection of 5 μL Aβ at bilateral hippocampus, while the rats in the sham operation group were treated with injection of 5 μL 0.9% NaCl. Three days after modeling, the rats in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) for 20 min, once a day, six treatments constituted a course, and totally two courses were given with an interval of 1 day between courses. The rats in the other groups received normal diet and no treatment was given. Before modeling, four days after modeling and after treatment, water maze test was performed to observe the escape latency and the number of crossing platforms. The hippocampal dentate gyrus was collected and transmission electron microscope was applied to observe the ultrastructure changes of neurons and astrocytes.@*RESULTS@#①Four days after modeling, compared with the normal group and the sham operation group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged and the number of crossing platforms was reduced in the model group (all <0.01); after treatment, compared with the model group, the escape latency was significantly reduced and the number of crossing platforms was increased in the acupuncture group (both <0.01). ②In the normal group and the sham operation group, the morphology of neurons and astrocytes was intact, the nuclear and membrane structure were clear, and the morphology of organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and lysosomes was normal. In the model group, the morphology of neurons was irregular, the nucleus was severely constricted with edema in the cytoplasm, the color of heterochromatin was deepened, the endoplasmic reticulum was expanded, the granulation was removed and the number of mitochondria was decreased, even with malformed-like change in mitochondrial cristae; there was severe edema around astrocytes, few organelles in the cytoplasm, severe swelling of mitochondria and mild expansion of the endoplasmic reticulum. In the acupuncture group, the edema of the neuron and astrocytes was still evident, and the mitochondrial was mildly swollen but relieved compared with that in the model group, and there were no obvious abnormalities in neuronal endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could improve the ultrastructure of neurons and astrocytes in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in rats with Alzheimer's disease induced by Aβ.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Animals , Astrocytes , Dentate Gyrus , Hippocampus , Male , Neurons , Peptide Fragments , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the change rule of main chemical components in Asarum heterotropoidesvar.mandshuricum seedling during the growing process.Method:Whole seedling samples (one week and two weeks) and the mature plant (three months) of A.heterotropoidesvar.mandshuricum were collected and every sample was divided to aerial part (stems and leaves) and underground part (roots).The secondary metabolites were qualitatively identified by HPLC-TOF-MS and the quantitative identification was carried out at the same time with asarinin as index component.Result: A total of 6 known compounds were identified from the underground part of A.heterotropoidesvar.mandshuricum as α-asarone (1),N-isobutyl-2,4,8,10-dodecatetraenamide (2),9-methoxyaristolactam Ⅳ(3),asarinin (4),caulesnarinside (6) and chalcononaringenin 2',4'-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7),respectively,the peak area values showed that the contents of these compounds increased gradually with the growth time.A total of 4 known compounds were identified from the aerial part of this herb as N-isobutyl-2,4,8,10-dodecatetraenamide (2),caulesauroneside (5),caulesnarinside (6) or chalcononaringenin 2',4'-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7) and peonidin 3-caffeoylgentiobioside (8).Asarinin was identified only in the underground part of mature plant,its content was 155.4 μg·g-1.Conclusion: The species and contents of secondary metabolites are quite different in the aerial and underground parts of A.heterotropoidesvar.mandshuricum.At different growth stages of A.heterotropoides var.mandshuricum seedling,the types and contents of secondary metabolites in the same site are also different,while the contents of main components show an increasing trend with the growth time.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744764

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the gender and cultural differences in emotional memory of college students and whether they have memory preferences for emotional pictures with different valence.Methods Using the learning-recognition paradigm,fifty-four Tibetan and Han students were asked to recognize the emotional face images of different valence.The reaction time and accuracy of the subjects were recorded and analyzed.Results (1) The reaction times of the Tibetan and Han subjects were (1 808.28±528.45) ms and (1 508.27±455.37)ms,the main effect of national type was significant (F(1,50)=5.826,P<0.05).The main effect of emotional picture valence was significant (F(2,100)=6.997,P<0.05),the reaction time of negative pictures ((1 568.90 ± 534.45) ms) was significantly shorter than that of the positive picture ((1 684.08±476.24) ms) and neural pictures ((1 738.51 ± 528.73) ms).(2) On the accuracy rate,the main effect of emotional picture valence was significant (F(2,49)=29.56,P<0.05).The accuracy of negative images ((78.83±8.55) %) was significantly higher than that of the positive ((73.41 ±9.66) %) and neutral picture ((67.96 ± 9.64) %).(3) For Tibetan subjects,the accuracy of positive picture ((77.46 ± 8.48)%) was significantly higher than that of positive ((70.89±8.83)%) and neutral pictures ((67.32± 8.70) %),the main effect of emotional picture valence was significant (F(2.52)=14.891,P<0.05).(4) For Han subjects,,the response time of negative images ((1 359.89±365.58) ms) was significantly shorter than that of positive ((1 549.93±434.60) ms) and neutral pictures ((1 615.01±528.77) ms),the main effect of emotional picture valence was significant (F(2,48)=9.758,P<0.05).The accuracy of negative images ((80.31±8.53)%) was significantly higher than that of neutral ((68.65±10.70)%) and positive images ((76.12±9.94)%),and the main effect of emotional picture valence was significant (F(2,48) =15.359,P< 0.05).Conclusion National culture and emotional valence affect the emotional memory of the Tibetan and Han students.Both Tibetan and Han students have obvious "negative bias" on the recognition of emotional images,but they have different characteristics.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744749

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of gender and age on auditory startle reflex in healthy adults.Methods A total of 150 healthy volunteers (92 males and 58 females) aged from 18 to 60 years were recruited for this study.A modified startle reflex paradigm was adopted.Furthermore,gender-age differences on startle magnitude,habituation,perceived spatial co-location induced prepulse inhibition (PSC-PPI) and perceived spatial separation-induced prepulse inhibition (PSS-PPI) in healthy volunteers were analyzed.Results ① There was no significant difference in amplitude and habituation of startie reflex between males and females (F=0.29,P=0.593;F=1.57,P=0.212).PSC-PPI and PSS-PPI were significantly higher in males (PSC-PPI:(34.68± 20.81) %,PSS-PPI:(44.56 ± 23.19) %) than those in females (PSC-PPI:(23.11±22.43)%,PSS-PPI:(35.21±25.09)%) (F=9.48,P=0.002;F=4.76,P=0.031).② There was a negative correlation between startle magnitude and age (r=-0.29,P<0.01),however,no obvious correlations between age and PSC-PPI or PSS-PPI as well as habituation were observed.③Bivariate analysis of variance showed that no interaction between gender and age was found to the indexes of startle reflex(F=0.71-1.36,all P>0.05).Conclusions There are differences for gender and age in the indexes of startle reflex.In detail,age chiefly influences startle magnitude,while gender mainly affects the prepulse inhibition.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743753

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of levosimmentan combined with freeze-dried recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide in elderly patients with heart failure. Methods Eighty patients with heart failure diagnosed in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2018 were selected as subjects. According to the random number table prepared in Excel 2007,40 patients in the experimental group and the control group were given. For basic treatments such as diuresis,the experimental group was treated with levosimtan combined with lyophilized recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide,and the control group was treated with levosimtan and dobutamine. The left ventricle of the two groups before and after treatment was compared. End-diastolic period (LVEDD),left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF),cardiac index(CI),stroke volume(SV),serum cystatin C (Cys-C),amino terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor(NT-proBNP),mean arterial pressure(MAP), pulmonary capillary pressure(PCWP). Results Before treatment,the differences of LVEDD,LVEF,CI and SV levels between the experimental group and the control group were not statistically significant(P > 0.05). After treatment,the LVEDD of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group(P < 0.05).The LVEF,CI and SV values in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in serum Cys-C and NT-proBNP levels between the experimental group and the control group before treatment(P > 0.05). After treatment,the serum levels of Cys-C and NT-proB-NP in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P < 0.05). Before treatment,the difference of MAP and PCWP levels between the experimental group and the control group was not statistically significant(P > 0.05). After treatment,the MAP and PCWP levels in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P < 0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the experimental group was 10.00% and the difference between the control group and the control group was not statistically significant(P > 0.05). Conclusions Levosimmentan combined with freeze-dried recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide in patients with senile heart failure can significantly improve cardiac function,reduce Cys-C,NT-proBNP levels,and improve hemodynamic parameters.

12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 261-269, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777069

ABSTRACT

Hyperphosphorylated tau is the major protein component of neurofibrillary tangles in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism underlying tau hyperphosphorylation is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrated that exogenously expressed wild-type human tau40 was detectable in the phosphorylated form at multiple AD-associated sites in cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions from HEK293 cells. Among these sites, tau phosphorylated at Thr205 and Ser214 was almost exclusively found in the nuclear fraction at the conditions used in the present study. With the intracellular tau accumulation, the Ca concentration was significantly increased in both cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions. Further studies using site-specific mutagenesis and pharmacological treatment demonstrated that phosphorylation of tau at Thr205 increased nuclear Ca concentration with a simultaneous increase in the phosphorylation of Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) at Ser196. On the other hand, phosphorylation of tau at Ser214 did not significantly change the nuclear Ca/CaMKIV signaling. Finally, expressing calmodulin-binding protein-4 that disrupts formation of the Ca/calmodulin complex abolished the okadaic acid-induced tau hyperphosphorylation in the nuclear fraction. We conclude that the intracellular accumulation of phosphorylated tau, as detected in the brains of AD patients, can trigger nuclear Ca/CaMKIV signaling, which in turn aggravates tau hyperphosphorylation. Our findings provide new insights for tauopathies: hyperphosphorylation of intracellular tau and an increased Ca concentration may induce a self-perpetuating harmful loop to promote neurodegeneration.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Metabolism , Pathology , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 4 , Metabolism , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Enzyme Activation , Physiology , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction , Physiology , tau Proteins , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709978

ABSTRACT

The discovery and development of incretin effect has changed the landscape of diabetes treatment over past decades. Nowadays, incretin-based agents, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 ( GLP-1) receptor agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 ( DPP-4) inhibitors have been wildly used in the therapy of type 2 diabetes. These agents show the beneficial effects on the multiple pathophysiological defects of type 2 diabetes, and provide a safe approach for achieving glycemic control with low risk of hypoglycemia and weight gain. Moreover, incretin-based therapies are still in development. Novel incretin-related therapies, such as fixed-dose combinations of GLP-1 receptor agonists and basal insulins, oral GLP-1 receptor agonists, and GLP-1 secretagogues, will be available in clinical practice in the near future.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707628

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of vascular index(VI) in renal functionevaluation after renal transplantation by superb microvascular imaging(SMI).Methods Ultrasound and clinical data of 115 renal transplant recipients were collected:32 cases had good recovery of renal function after surgery(group A);35 cases of abnormal renal function caused by diseases or unexplained fluctuations in Scr,but the renal function was normal during the follow-up(group B);48 cases with abnormal renal function,Scr increased continuously(group C).The correlation between VI of renal cortex and Scr was analysed. Results The VI of renal cortex in group A,B and C were (33.51 ± 3.26)%,(31.64 ± 4.83)%,(25.58 ± 6.07)%, respectively.There were significant differences between VI in group A and C,and between group B and C (P<0.01),but there was no significant difference between group A and B( P > 0.05). There was significant negative correlation between VI of renal cortex and Scr in group C ( rs= -0.90, P < 0.01), there was no significant correlation between RI in the interlobular artery of kidney and Scr( rs= -0.22, P > 0.05).Conclusions When renal function is normal,VI is maintained at a high level.When renal function declines,VI decreases.VI can reflect the renal cortex blood flow,indirectly reflect the glomerular filtration function,and provide a reliable indicator for clinical evaluation of renal allograft function.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704251

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the unhealthy related behaviors of echinococcosis patients in Tibetan region in Sich-uan Province,so as to provide the references for the health education of echinococcosis.Methods The echinococcosis patients who were registered in the Tibetan region in Sichuan Province were selected as target population. The basic situation and un-healthy related behaviors of them were surveyed by individual interviews.Results Totally 368 echinococcosis patients were in-vestigated.The proportion of patients who lived with dogs was 53.3%,who did not wash hands before meals was 23.4%,who ate raw food was 15.5%,who fed dogs with diseased livestock visceral organs was 9.8%,who drank unboiled water was 8.7%,and who played with dogs was 5.4%.The proportion of nomads'unhygienic behaviors was higher than that of sedentary residents'un-hygienic behaviors.The proportion of playing with dogs and feeding dogs with diseased livestock visceral organsin students was higher than that in nomads.Conclusion There are some unhealthy related behaviors in echinococcosis patients in Garzê Prefec-ture,and the different health education modes for echinococcosis patients with different characteristics should be applied.

16.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 265-269, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703400

ABSTRACT

American Diabetes Association (ADA)has been working on standards of medical csare in diabetes for a long time.Based on the latest evidence of clinical studies,the Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes updated annually by ADA has become one of the most important guidelines for medical professionals.The new version of Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes was published as supplement form on Diabetes Care in January 2018.The statement of ADA on diagnosis,management and assessment in diabetes are recommended for clinicians,researchers and patients.This interpretation will focus on the updates of importance.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689818

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A remote wireless electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring system is designed by using the CC2530 micro-controller as the device core.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Acquisition, conversion and data processing for ECG signals are realized on CC2530 micro-controllers. And the ECG data is transmitted to the coordinator by using ZigBee. It realizes the real-time monitoring of ECG signals and heart rate variability (HRV) data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The test results show that the maximum error of the designed ECG monitoring analyzer is 3 beats per minute and the average error is 1.6 beats per minute, which can meet the requirement of pharmaceutical industry standards of the People's Republic of China.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The ECG monitoring analyzer has good portability, high measurement precision and good practical application values.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Electrocardiography , Heart Rate , Monitoring, Physiologic , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
18.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 385-396, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610192

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of insulin aspart (IAsp) versus regular human insulin (RHI) used in basal bolus (BB) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) regimen in patients with diabetes mellitus in Chinese population.Methods We searched MEDLINE (via OVID),the Cochrane Library,Embase,PubMed,CBM,China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),and Wanfang databases from the beginning of the databases to November,2015.The randomized controlled trials comparing IAsp and RHI in DM were searched.The meta-analysis in newly diagnosed DM and treated DM was performed by RevMan 5.3.Results A total of 40 trials were included in this study,with 1087 newly diagnosed and 2395 treated DM patients.In both groups,IAsp was better in lowering 2 hours postprandial plasma glucose (2 hPG) after breakfast,lunch and dinner (For newly diagnosed population MD=-1.22,-1.70,-1.44;95%CI:-1.79~-0.64,-2.77~-0.63,-2.12~-0.75;for treated population MD=-1.19,-1.14,-1.03;95%CI:-1.39~-0.98,-1.27~-1.02,-1.25~-0.81) and fasting plasma glucose (For newly diagnosed population MD=-0.55,95%CI:-0.97~-0.12;for treated population MD=-0.24,95%CI:-0.44~-0.03) when compared with RHI.IAsp could shorten the time to achieve blood glucose target(For newly diagnosed population MD=-1.58,95%CI:-1.74~-1.42;for treated population MD=-1.73,95%CI:-2.10~-1.36) and reduce the risk of hypoglycaemia compared with RHI (For newly diagnosed population RR=0.33,95%CI:0.19~0.56;for treated population RR=0.44,95%CI:0.32~0.61) (P<0.05).Moreover,the total daily insulin dose was lower in IAsp therapy than in RHI therapy when using CSII regimen.Conclusion In Chinese DM patients,IAsp shows advantages in controlling 2 hPG,shortening the time to achieve blood glucose target and lowering the risk of hypoglycaemia when compared with RHI.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609987

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method of analyzing total uranium and 235U/238U ratio in urine using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and uncertainty assessment.Methods Urine sample was digested with HNO3 and H2O2,and total uranium was determined using ICP-MS method directly.The digested urine sample was separated to concentrate uranium with tributyl phosphate (TBP) column,and 235U/238U ratio was analyzed using ICP-MS.The uncertainty was evaluated through sample pre-treatment,measurement and standard curve calculation.Results The recovery of total uranium in urine was 98.4%-102.4%,detection limit was 0.002 μg/L.The relative expanded uncertainty of total uranium concentration in urine was 0.26 (k =2).235 U/238 U ratio was 0.001 1 (k =2).Conclusions This study offers a low detection limit,good recovery and precision method for rapid determination of total uranium and 235U/238 U ratio in urine samples.It is potential used for both in occupational exposure assessment and nuclear emergency situation.The uncertainty evaluation of total uranium and 235U/238U ratio in urine are reliable.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the causes and prevention of postoperative pain of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and Lichtensteinrepair in the treatment of adult recurrent inguinal hernia.Methods Sixty adult recurrent inguinal hernia patients were enrolled in this study.They were divided into TAPP group and Lichtenstein group by random digits table,with 30 cases in each group.At 6 h Mter operation,the pain degree was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) and compared between two groups.The level of VAS in TAPP group was (3.76 ± 1.47) scores,in Lichtenstein group was (6.36 ± 1.54) scores,and there was significant difference (t =-5.978,P =0.000).In TAPP group,pain was mainly moderate (17 cases,56.67%) and mild (11 cases,36.67%).In Lichtenstein group,pain was mainly moderate (14 cases,46.66%) and severe (13 cases,43.33%).Postoperative follow-up ranged from 6 to 48 months.No chronic pain appeared in TAPP group.There were 4 cases with chronic pain in Lichtenstein group,and the incidence rate of chronic pain was 13.3%.Conclusions The operation of TAPP in the treatment of recurrent inguinal hernia in adult patients has the advantage of shorter operation time,less postoperative pain,faster postoperative recovery,and can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative pain.

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