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1.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1059-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015633

ABSTRACT

Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (Siglecs) are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed in most white blood cells of the immune system. The Siglec is a kind of transmembrane proteins that can recognize sialic acid-containing ligands, and it is the most important subgroup of type I lectin. All Siglecs contain at least three domains, including the V-set Ig domain, C2-set Ig domain and transmembrane domain. Some Siglecs contain immune receptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs), which are used to transmit inhibitory signals and play an inhibitory role. There are also some Siglecs that do not contain intracellular domains, and they can transmit activation signals through basic amino acids in transmembrane domains to play an activation role. Siglecs not only participate in the regulation of activation, proliferation and apoptosis of immune cells, but also help the immune system to distinguish itself from non-itself by recognizing glycan ligands containing sialic acid. In recent years, studies have shown that Siglecs, as an immune checkpoint, play an important role in the immune regulation in human diseases such as cancer, asthma, allergy, Alzheimer’s disease and autoimmune diseases, and it has received extensive attention. Enhancing or blocking the interaction of sialic acid with Siglecs is an effective strategy for the treatment of cancer, infection, and other diseases. In this review, we describe the classification of Siglecs, their expression in different immune cells and their role in the regulation of immune cell signaling. Emphasis was placed on the role of Siglecs in disease and methods of targeting Siglecs for the treatment of human diseases.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 629-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965620

ABSTRACT

Protein-protein interaction (PPI) plays an important role in the regulation of life. Most of the PPI interfaces are large and discontinuous, and it is difficult for small molecules to specifically bind to them. Peptides are critical in PPI surface interactions due to their higher affinity and specificity. However, peptides have some defects such as easy hydrolysis by protease and poor membrane permeability. Due to good biocompatibility and chemical diversity, cyclic peptides play an important role in drug discovery. Therefore, the development of efficient cyclic peptide construction methods has become a frontier issue in peptide drug research. In recent years, a series of new progresses have been made in the synthesis strategy and the application of cyclic peptides, providing powerful technical tools for the research and development of cyclic peptide drugs. In this review, the synthesis strategies of cyclic peptides and their application will be reviewed from four aspects: synthesis strategies, property improvement, biological activity and prospect.

3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 751-756, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004782

ABSTRACT

Evidenced based and practical guidelines have important role in the decrease of mobility and mortality of the patients with major haemorrhage. Recently, British Society for Haematology updated a guideline on haematological management of major haemorrhage, which provides the recommendations in general and on alternatives to transfusion, obstetric haemorrhage, gastrointestinal haemorrhage, trauma and surgery, and the good practice statements for laboratory/organisational support. The comprehensive and instructive recommendations presented in the guideline will be good references for and assist in the education and development of the guidelines or protocols for the management of the patient with major haemorrhage in China.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2701-2707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the improvement effect and potential mechanism of total flavonoids from Alpinia zerumbet on gastric mucosa injury induced by absolute ethanol through microRNA-146a-5p (miR-146a-5p). METHODS Using human gastric mucosa GES-1 cells as objects, the acute gastric ulcer model was established by absolute ethanol; based on the investigation of the effects of different concentrations of total flavonoids from A. zerumbet on cell activity and the selection of action concentration, the relative expression level of miR-146a-5p in GES-1 cells was detected, the protein expressions of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6(TRAF6), nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) and TNF-α were detected, and the levels of interleukin- 1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in cell supernatant were determined. The targeting relationship between miR-146a- 5p and TRAF6 was verified; the effects of overexpressed miR-146a-5p and TRAF6 knockdown on the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and PEG2 in supernatant of model cells as well as the effects of miR-146a-5p knockdown on anti-gastric ulcer effect of total flavonoids from A. zerumbet were observed. RESULTS Compared with the blank group, the relative expression of miR-146a-5p in cells and the level of PGE2 in cell supernatant were decreased significantly in the model group (P<0.01), while the protein expressions of TRAF6, NF-κB p65 and TNF-α in cells and the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in cell supernatant were increased significantly (P< 0.01). Compared with the model group, the relative expression of miR-146a-5p in cells and the level of PGE2 in cell supernatant were increased significantly in model+A. zerumbet total flavonoids (60 mg/L) group (P<0.01), while the protein expressions of TRAF6, NF-κB p65 and TNF-α in cells and 82260767) the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in cell supernatant were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was a targeted relationship and a negative correlation between miR-146a-5p E-mail:3113836821@qq.com and TRAF6. After overexpression of miR-146a-5p or TRAF6 knockdown, the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 were decreased significantly in cell supernatant, while the level of PGE2 was increased significantly (P<0.05). After miR-146a-5p knockdown, the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in cell supernatant and the protein expression of TRAF6 in cells administered with total flavonoids of A. zerumbet were increased significantly, while the level of PGE2 was decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Total flavonoids of A. zerumbet can improve the gastric mucosa injury induced by absolute ethanol. The mechanism may be related to up-regulating the expression of miR-146a-5p, inhibiting the expression of TRAF6, and further inhibiting the secretion of related inflammatory factors.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 249-252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of using ultrasound to evaluate the internal mammary artery (IMA) and explore the related factors affecting the quality of IMA. Methods    From July 2020 to January 2021, for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fuwai Hospital, ultrasound was applied to measure bilateral IMA at the parasternal second intercostal space. There were 62 males and 18 females with an average age of 59.9±8.3 years. The clinical data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Results    A total of 160 IMA were measured. The IMA was detected in 99.4% (159/160), and the one that was not measured was proved to be occluded by enhanced CT. A total of 157 (98.1%) IMA intima were smooth, 2 (1.3%) were found to have uneven intimal thickening and less smooth, and only 1 (0.6%) was occluded. The intravascular diameter, peak systolic flow rate, peak diastolic flow rate, and blood flow rate of the left second intercostal IMA were 1.9±0.3 mm, 66.8±17.7 cm/s, 6.4 (0.0, 9.7) cm/s, 19.7±9.4 mL/min; and those of the right one were 2.1±0.3 mm, 69.7±18.5 cm/s, 6.0 (0.0, 9.2) cm/s and 22.8±11.5 mL/min, respectively. IMA vessel diameter and blood flow were greater on the right than those on the left side in the same individual (P<0.01). In univariate analysis, sex and body surface area were the factors that influenced the size of the IMA vessel among different individuals, and by linear regression analysis, the size of the IMA vessel was only related to body surface area among different individuals. On univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus was the only factor affecting IMA blood flow, with a mean reduction in blood flow of 18.4% (left) and 21.7% (right) in the diabetic group (P<0.05). Conclusion    Preoperative evaluation of the IMA using ultrasound over the parasternal second intercostal space is easy, noninvasive, and has a high success rate. The internal diameter of the IMA is positively correlated with body surface area, and blood flow is significantly reduced in patients with diabetes.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 971-979, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the factors related to pregnancy of endometriosis and whether Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can improve pregnancy outcomes in patients with endometriosis in long-term management.@*METHODS@#This multicenter cohort study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of endometriosis patients with fertility needs from January 2019 to November 2019. A total of 252 patients with endometriosis from 5 level-III Grade A hospitals in Beijing were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed for the relevant factors. The propensity score matching (PSM) function of SPSS software was used to match the CHMs group with the non-CHMs group. The pregnancy rate and live birth rate were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The results of univariate analysis showed that age, disease course, presence of infertility, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a), use of CHMs and follow-up time were influencing factors of pregnancy in endometriosis patients (P<0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that age, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of GnRH-a, use of CHMs and follow-up time were independent factors affecting pregnancy in endometriosis patients, among which, age ⩾35 years old, presence of adenomyosis and follow-up time >6 months were independent risk factors (OR=0.445, 0.348, 0.140, respectively, P<0.05), time after surgery or use of GnRH-a ⩽6 months and use of CHMs were independent protective factors (OR=3.839, 3.842, respectively, P<0.05). After PSM, 99 pairs of two groups were matched successfully. The pregnancy rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [55.56% (55/99) vs. 36.36% (36/99), P<0.05]. The live birth rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [49.49% (49/99) vs. 35.35% (35/99), P<0.05].@*CONCLUSION@#CHMs can effectively improve clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of patients with endometriosis in the chronic disease management.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Pregnancy Outcome , Endometriosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Adenomyosis , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Plant Extracts , Fertilization in Vitro
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 697-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted with 613 cases of neonatal asphyxia treated in 20 cooperative hospitals in Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture from January to December 2019 as the asphyxia group, and 988 randomly selected non-asphyxia neonates born and admitted to the neonatology department of these hospitals during the same period as the control group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors for neonatal asphyxia. R software (4.2.2) was used to establish a nomogram model. Receiver operator characteristic curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis were used to assess the discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that minority (Tujia), male sex, premature birth, congenital malformations, abnormal fetal position, intrauterine distress, maternal occupation as a farmer, education level below high school, fewer than 9 prenatal check-ups, threatened abortion, abnormal umbilical cord, abnormal amniotic fluid, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, emergency caesarean section, and assisted delivery were independent risk factors for neonatal asphyxia (P<0.05). The area under the curve of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia based on these risk factors was 0.748 (95%CI: 0.723-0.772). The calibration curve indicated high accuracy of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia. The decision curve analysis showed that the model could provide a higher net benefit for neonates at risk of asphyxia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture are multifactorial, and the nomogram model based on these factors has good value in predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, which can help clinicians identify neonates at high risk of asphyxia early, and reduce the incidence of neonatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Female , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors , Asphyxia Neonatorum/etiology
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3564-3575, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964329

ABSTRACT

Benzazepine is a kind of fused ring structure, which is composed of nitrogen-containing seven-membered ring and benzene ring. The introduction of benzazepine scaffolds into compounds can not only adjust the physicochemical properties, maintain or enhance the biological activities of the compounds, but also improve the pharmacokinetic properties, increase the brain permeability, and reduce the toxicity of hERG of the compounds, which is one of the privileged scaffolds for rational design and structural optimization of drug molecules. Benzazepine scaffolds can be constructed by different synthetic methods such as Dickmann condensation reaction, Mitsunobu reaction, Pictet-Spengler reaction, CMD reaction, multicomponent reactions (MCRs), metal catalysis reactions and asymmetric catalysis etc., which play an important role in enriching the structure diversity of drug molecules.

9.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 52-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925111

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To identify more accurate predictors of upper urinary tract dilatation (UUTD) in neurogenic bladder (NB) children, we studied the relationship among urodynamic parameters at different bladder filling stages, detrusor leak point pressure (DLPP) and UUTD. @*Methods@#A total of 158 children (3–16 years) with NB were included and then divided into 2 groups according to whether their NB diagnosis was complicated with UUTD: the UUTD group (39 patients) and those without UUTD group (control group, 119 patients). The bladder filling phase was divided into 3 equal parts: the early, middle, and end filling stages. The bladder compliance (BC) and detrusor pressure (△Pdet) at each phase and DLPP at the end filling stage were recorded. @*Results@#A BC8 cm H2O in the early stage, 20 cm H2O in the middle stage and 25 cm H2O in the end stage are more sensitive than △Pdet >40 cm H2O in the end stage (82%, 85%, 85%, vs. 49%). A DLPP cutoff value of 20 cm H2O showed higher sensitivity for predicting UUTD than 40 cm H2O. @*Conclusions@#Low BC and a high △Pdet in the middle and end filling stages are more accurate factors than classic indicators for predicting UUTD. In addition, a DLPP value of >20 cm H2O in the end bladder filling stage shows high sensitivity.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 196-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935774

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide scientific evidence for early lung cancer screening, to analyze the incidence of pulmonary nodules among petroleum company staffs in Sichuan-Chongqing Area. Methods: In January 2021 , 6002 petroleum company staffs in Sichuan-Chongqing Area which scanned by low-dose spiral computed tomography (LDCT) of chest in medical examination center in 2020 were retrospectively collected as objects. Their imaging and clinical data were collected. χ(2) test was used to analyze the differences in the detection rates of lung nodules and suspected lung cancer nodules among workers in petroleum company staffs of different genders, ages and types of work. Results: Among the 6002 objects, 3853 (64.2%) were male and 2149 (35.8%) were female, with an average age of (47.25±12.13) years old. A total of 431 cases (7.2%) of pulmonary nodules and 57 cases (0.9%) of suspected lung cancer nodules were detected. 45 cases were followed up with surgical treatment, and 41 cases (91.1%) of lung cancer were diagnosed by postoperative pathology. There were significant differences in the detection rates of pulmonary nodules and suspected lung cancer nodules between different age groups (χ(2)=51.23, 18.81 , P<0.001). The detection rates of pulmonary nodules in the age groups 51-60 years old and ≥61 years old were higher than those in the age groups≤40 years old and 41-50 years old (P<0.05). The detection rate of suspected lung cancer nodules in the age group≥ 61 years old was higher than those in the age groups≤40 years old, 41-50 years old and 51-60 years old (P< 0.05) . And the detection rate of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that of ordinary workers (P<0.05) . Among female objects, the detection rate of pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that in ordinary workers (χ(2)=8.09, P=0.004) . The detection rate of pulmonary nodules in oil workers aged ≥61 years old was higher than ordinary workers (χ(2)=37.94, P<0.001) . Among male objects, the detection rate of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that in ordinary workers (χ(2)=8.42, P=0.004) . The detection rates of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers aged 51-60 years old and ≥61 years old groups were higher than those of ordinary workers (χ(2)=4.70, 8.74; P=0.030, 0.003) . Conclusion: LDCT is suitable for early lung cancer screening for petroleum company staffs. During the clinical screening process, LDCT should be used as a routine physical examination item for petroleum workers older than 51 years old.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mass Screening/methods , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging , Petroleum , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 632-639, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935336

ABSTRACT

To investigate the efficacy and value of optical genome mapping (OGM) in detecting chromosomal structural variations. In a clinical study about high-precision analysis of genomic structural variation for complex genetic diseases, a retrospective study was performed on the cases with karyotyping at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Endocrinology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to December 2021. Ten cases with abnormal karyotype was detected by OGM. Partial cases were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), SNP array or CNV-seq. Results of ten cases, nine were detected with abnormality by OGM, including unbalanced chromosomal rearrangements (n=3), translocation (n=5) and paracentric inversion (n=1), and the results were in concordance with other standard assays. However, one case with breakpoint and reconnected at centromere has not been detected. In conclusion, ten samples were comprehensively analyzed by karyotyping, FISH, SNP array or CNV-seq, and OGM, and results demonstrated that optical genome mapping as a new technology can not only detect unbalanced rearrangements such as copy number variants as well as balanced translocations and inversions, but more importantly, it can refine breakpoints and orientation of duplicated segments or insertions. So it can contribute to the diagnosis of genetic diseases and prevent birth defect. However, the current technology is not yet capable of detecting breakpoints of balanced structural variations lying within unmapped regions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosome Mapping , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic
12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 739-746, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the genetic information of 57 autosomal InDel loci (A-InDels) included in AGCU InDel 60 fluorescence detection kit in the Beichuan Qiang population of Sichuan Province and evaluate its application value in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 unrelated healthy individuals from Beichuan Qiang population of Sichuan Province were typing detected by AGCU InDel 60 fluorescence detection kit. Allele frequencies and population genetic parameters of the 57 A-InDels were statistically analyzed and compared with the available data of 26 populations.@*RESULTS@#After Bonferroni correction, there was no linkage disequilibrium between the 57 A-InDels, and all loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Except for rs66595817 and rs72085595, the minor allele frequencies of 55 A-InDels were above 0.3. PIC ranged from 0.298 3 to 0.375 0, CDP was 1-2.974 8×10-24, CPEduo was 0.999 062 660, and CPEtrio was 0.999 999 999. The calculation of the genetic distance showed that Beichuan Qiang population had the closest genetic distances with Beijing Han and South China Han populations, but far away from African populations.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 57 A-InDels in AGCU InDel 60 fluorescence detection kit have a good genetic polymorphism in Beichuan Qiang population of Sichuan Province, which can be used as effective supplemental for individual identification and paternity identification in forensic medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetics, Population , Asian People/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gene Frequency , INDEL Mutation , China , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetic Loci
13.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 331-340, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898726

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#To investigate the effect and the underlying mechanism of exosomes secreted by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) on diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in murine lupus. @*Methods@#and Results: Exosomes were extracted from cultured hUCMSCs by ultracentrifugation. The expressions of exosome markers (Alix, CD63 and TSG101) were measured for identification of hUCMSC-derived exosomes (hUCMSC-exosomes). The alveolar hemorrhage of DAH mice was revealed by H&E staining. The primary alveolar macrophages were isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of DAH mice. The expressions of M1 macrophage markers (iNOS, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β ) and M2 macrophage markers (Arg1, IL-10, TGF-β and chi3l3) were detected. Flow cytometry measured the ratio of M1/M2 macrophages. ELISA measured the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10 and TGF-β ). DAH mice had hemorrhage and small-vessel vasculitis in the lung, with neutrophil and monocyte infiltration observed around the capillary and small artery. Furthermore, increases of IL-6 and TNF-α, and decreases of IL-10 and TGF-β were detected in the BALF of DAH mice. M1 makers were overexpressed in alveolar macrophages of DAH mice while M2 makers were lowly expressed. DAH mice had a higher proportion of M1 macrophages than M2 macrophages. After hUCMSC-exosome or methylprednisolone treatment in DAH mice, the alveolar injuries and inflammatory responses were attenuated, and the proportion of M2 macrophages was increased. @*Conclusions@#hUCMSC-exosomes attenuate DAH-induced inflammatory responses and alveolar hemorrhage by regulating macrophage polarization.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2034-2040, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a program for the prevention and management of parastomal hernia in patients with ostomy.Methods:Based on literature analysis and clinical needs, combined with the individual and family self-management theory (IFSMT), a preliminary plan for prevention and management of parastomal hernia was developed with the framework of case management model. Sixteen experts were selected for two rounds of Delphi expert consultations to analyze and screen indicators at all levels to calculate the expert′s positive coefficient, authority coefficient and coordination coefficient to analyze the credibility of expert consultation results.Results:The effective recovery rates of the two rounds of expert letter inquiries were 88.89% and 100.00%, the authoritative coefficients were 0.825 and 0.844, and the two rounds of Kendall′s W values were 0.221 and 0.269, which were statistically significant( P<0.01). The concentration of indicators is high. Finally, a programe for parastomal hernia prevention and management based on the self-management theory of individual and family consisting of 6 first-level indicators,16 second-level indicators and 42 third-level indicators was obtained. Conclusion:The programe for prevention and management of parastomal hernia based on individual and family self-management theory has high reliability and scientificity, and can provide a basis for the study of parastomal hernia prevention and management.

15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 904-907, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004442

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To retrospectively analyze the transfusion records of COVID-19 patients from Feb to Mar 2020 in the Optical Valley Branch of Tongji Hospital in Wuhan, and summarize the clinical features and blood use of those patients. 【Methods】 1) The utilization of blood components in 81 blood recipients were collected and retrospectively analyzed; 2) Propensity score matching (PSM, by the clinical classification of COVID-19) was used to match the transfused and non-transfused patients according to the ratio of 1∶2, and the clinical features of the two groups were compared. 【Results】 The total transfusion rate in our hospital was 5.5%(81/1 463), among which 88.9%(72/81)transfused red blood cell (RBC). Ten patients received RBC transfusion > 20 U, consumed 48.3%(330/680)RBC, 57.5%(53 500/93 100)plasma, 36.2%(42/116)platelets, and 62.3%(114.25/183.25)cryoprecipitates due to ECMO or gastrointestinal bleeding. Compared to non-transfused patients, transfused patients showed worse lab-indexes related to inflammation, infection, and coagulation at admission, higher incidences of acute liver, kidney and cardiac injury, admission to the ICU and mortality(P<0.01). 【Conclusion】 The related functional indexes and prognosis of transfused COVID-19 patients were significantly worse than non-transfused ones. RBC transfusions were dominant, and massive blood transfusions were seldom.

16.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 331-340, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891022

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#To investigate the effect and the underlying mechanism of exosomes secreted by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) on diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in murine lupus. @*Methods@#and Results: Exosomes were extracted from cultured hUCMSCs by ultracentrifugation. The expressions of exosome markers (Alix, CD63 and TSG101) were measured for identification of hUCMSC-derived exosomes (hUCMSC-exosomes). The alveolar hemorrhage of DAH mice was revealed by H&E staining. The primary alveolar macrophages were isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of DAH mice. The expressions of M1 macrophage markers (iNOS, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β ) and M2 macrophage markers (Arg1, IL-10, TGF-β and chi3l3) were detected. Flow cytometry measured the ratio of M1/M2 macrophages. ELISA measured the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10 and TGF-β ). DAH mice had hemorrhage and small-vessel vasculitis in the lung, with neutrophil and monocyte infiltration observed around the capillary and small artery. Furthermore, increases of IL-6 and TNF-α, and decreases of IL-10 and TGF-β were detected in the BALF of DAH mice. M1 makers were overexpressed in alveolar macrophages of DAH mice while M2 makers were lowly expressed. DAH mice had a higher proportion of M1 macrophages than M2 macrophages. After hUCMSC-exosome or methylprednisolone treatment in DAH mice, the alveolar injuries and inflammatory responses were attenuated, and the proportion of M2 macrophages was increased. @*Conclusions@#hUCMSC-exosomes attenuate DAH-induced inflammatory responses and alveolar hemorrhage by regulating macrophage polarization.

17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 366-371, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985226

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily discuss the feasibility of geolocation inference of forensic individual origin by soil metagenomic analysis. Methods The 33 soil samples from Heilongjiang, Qinghai and Tibet were collected, total bacterial DNA in the samples were extracted, and universal primers were used to amplify the V3 and V4 hypervariable region of bacterial 16S rDNA. The region was sequenced by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) with the MiSeq sequencer. Bioinformatics analysis such as species composition and sample comparison was performed on sequencing data. The richness index and diversity index were calculated based on operational taxonomic unit (OTU) results. Results A total of 2 720 149 sequences were generated by sequencing. Those sequences were clustered into 114 848 OTUs. The Chao1 indexes of soil microorganisms in Heilongjiang, Qinghai, and Tibet were 797.45, 745.11 and 535.98, respectively, and Shannon indexes were 6.46, 6.36 and 6.25, respectively. The number of bacterial species and the community diversity in the soil from high to low were Heilongjiang > Qinghai > Tibet. The composition of soil bacteria in three provinces at various classification levels were obtained, the dominant genuses in Heilongjiang were Chthoniobacteraceae DA101 and an unannotated genus of Thermogemmatisporaceae; the dominant genuses in Qinghai were an unannotated genus of Cytophagaceae and an unannotated genus of Nocardioidaceae; the dominant genuses in Tibet were an unannotated genus of Comamonadaceae and Verrucomicrobiaceae Luteolibacter. The results of principal co-ordinates analysis demonstrated that, according to the weighted UniFrac analysis, the three principle components represented 56.36% of the total variable, and according to the unweighted UniFrac analysis, the three principle components represented 34.81% of the total variable. The samples from the same province could be clustered together, and the species and content of soil microorganisms from different provinces were significantly different. Conclusion Based on the metagenomic analysis method, soil samples from different regions can be effectively distinguished, which has potential application value in geolocation inference of forensic individual origin in the future.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Soil , Soil Microbiology
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1063-1069, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the m echanism of Liangfu pil ls in the tre atment of gastric ulcer. METHODS :Based on network pharmacology ,the active ingredients ,targets and gastric ulcer related targets of Liangfu pill were screened by searching TCMSP,GeneCards,OMIM and DisGeNET databases ,and the common targets of Liangfu pill and gastric ulcer were screened by Venny 2.1 software. The protein interaction network of Liangfu pill in the treatment of gastric ulcer was constructed by STRING database. Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct topological analysis of the network.The function of GO and the enrichment of KEGG pathway were analyzed by DAVID database. Active component-gastric ulcer target-KEGG pathway network was constructed for Liangfu pill. In animal experiment ,mice were randomly divided into blank group ,model group ,ranitidine group (positive control ,39 mg/kg),Liangfu pill low- ,medium- and high- dose groups (0.78,1.56,3.12 g/kg),and were given corresponding drugs intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 7 days. After last administration ,except for blank group ,the other groups were given absolute ethanol (0.01 mL/g)intragastrically to induce the gastric ulcer model. After modeling ,the pathological changes of gastric tissue were observed and the gastric ulcer index was calculated ;the expression of TP 53,c-Jun,p38 MAPK,Akt,p-Akt and TNF-α protein in gastric tissues of mice were detected. RESULTS:A total of 9 active ingredients (i.g. isorhamnetin ,β-gsterol,kaempferol)and 166 common targets were screened in Liangfu pills. Liangfu pill can treat gastric ulcer through GO functions such as cell response to chemical stimulation ,protein binding and extracellular space ,and KEGG pathways such as cancer signaling pathway , hepatitis B , Δ 基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81660649);贵州省 bladder cancer ,pancreatic cancer ,TNF signaling pathway and 优秀青年科技人才项目(No.黔科合平台人才〔2019〕5658);贵州中医 prostate. The results of animal experiments showed that 药大学博士启动基金项目 (No.2019-38);贵州中医药大学科研项目 compared with model group ,Liangfu pills could significantly (No.贵中医科院内〔2019〕39号) *讲师,博士。研究方向:中药药效物质基础及作用机理。电话: reduce the pathological changes of gastric tissue and gastric 0851-88308060。E-mail:997845460@qq.com ulcer index ,as well as the protein expression of TP 53, # 通信作者:教授,博士。研究方向:中药药效物质基础及作用机 c-Jun,p38 MAPK,Akt,p-Akt and TNF-α(P<0.05 or P< 理。E-mail:weina-0613@163.com 0.01). CONCLUSIONS :The 9 active components and 166 中国药房 2021年第32卷第9期 China Pharmacy 2021Vol. 32 No. 9 ·1063· targets of Liangfu pill were screened out. Liangfu pill can inhibit the expression of inflammatory factors by inhibiting MAPK ,NF-κ B,TNF and PI 3K/Akt signaling pathway ,and thus play an important role in improving gastric ulcer.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1065-1070, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888519

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PADI4) during the process of differentiation into granulocyte of NB4 cells induced by all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and whether PADI4 is involved in the inflammatory cytokines expression.@*METHODS@#Granulocyte differentiation model of NB4 cells induced by ATRA was established. The cell morphology changes were observed by Wright-Giemsa staining. The expression of cell differentiation marker CD11b was analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of PADI4 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α and interleukin (IL) 1β was analyzed by ELISA, and also examined with the knockdown of PADI4 expression by siRNA.@*RESULTS@#After NB4 cells induced by ATRA, the cytoplasm increased and the ratio of nuclear to cytoplasmic was reduced. Nuclear dented, and rod-shaped nucleus, lobulated phenomenon increased (P<0.05). Flow cytometry analysis results showed that the cell surface molecule CD11b expression increased (P<0.01). RT-PCR and Western blot showed the expression of PADI4 increased at both transcriptional and translational levels during the process of the differentiation. ELISA showed TNF-α and IL-1β secretion increased in differentiated macrophages, while they could be inhibited by PADI4-specific siRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#During the differentiation into granulocyte of NB4 cells induced by ATRA, PADI4 expression increased. Furthermore, PADI4 appeared to play a critical role in inflammatory cytokines secretion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytokines/metabolism , Granulocytes , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Protein-Arginine Deiminase Type 4/metabolism , Tretinoin/pharmacology
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3960-3969, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888122

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Tanreqing Injection in the treatment of acute lung injury(ALI) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. The active components and action targets of Tanreqing Injection were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), PubChem, and SwissTargetPrediction databases, as well as available literature reports. The ALI-related targets were obtained from the GeneCards database and then mapped with Tanreqing Injection targets. Following the construction of "drug-component-potential target" network with Cytoscape 3.6.1, the potential targets were input into STRING to yield the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network, which was plotted using Cytoscape 3.6.1. Then the screened key targets were subjected to gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis based on DAVID database. The top three key targets RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), albumin(ALB) and interleukin-6(IL6) were docked to the top three key compounds by PyMOL and AutoDock vina. A total of 58 active components of Tanreqing Injection, 597 corresponding targets and 503 common targets shared by Tanreqing Injection and ALI were fi-gured out, with the key targets AKT1, ALB and IL6 involved. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis yielded 1 445 biological processes and 148 signaling pathways, respectively. Molecular docking verified a good binding ability of the top three key targets to the top three key compounds. The analysis based on network pharmacology and molecular docking uncovered that Tanreqing Injection directly or indirectly regulated the pulmonary capillary endothelial cells and alveolar epithelial cells via anti-inflammation, thus alleviating ALI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endothelial Cells , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
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