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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 114-120, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007282

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the microstructural involvement of gray matter in recovered COVID-19 patients using Synthetic MRI. MethodsThis study was conducted in 29 recovered COVID-19 patients, including severe group (SG, n=11) and ordinary group (OG, n=18). Healthy volunteers matched by age, sex, BMI and years of education were selected as a healthy control group (HC=23 cases). Each subject underwent synthetic MRI to generate quantitative T1 and T2 maps, and the T1 and T2 maps were segmented into 90 regions of interest (ROIs) using automatic anatomical labeling (AAL) mapping. T1 and T2 values for each ROI were obtained by averaging all voxels within the ROIs. The T1 and T2 values of the 90 brain regions between the three groups were compared. ResultsRelative to HC, the SG had significantly higher T2 values in bilateral orbital superior frontal gyrus, bilateral parahippocampal gyrus, bilateral putamen, bilateral middle temporal gyrus, bilateral Inferior temporal gyrus, left orbital superior frontal gyrus, left orbital inferior frontal gyrus, left gyrus rectus, left anterior cingulate and paracingulate gyri, right median cingulate and paracingulate gyri, left posterior cingulate gyrus, and left supramarginal gyrus (P<0.05); Relative to OG, SG showed significantly increased T2 values in the left rectus gyrus, left parahippocampal gyrus, bilateral middle temporal gyrus, and bilateral inferior temporal gyrus (P<0.05). Relative to HC, the T1 values of SG were significantly increased in bilateral orbital superior frontal gyrus, left rectus gyrus, left anterior cingulate and paracingulate gyri, right posterior cingulate gyrus, left parahippocampal gyrus, left lingual gyrus, left putamen, left thalamus(P<0.05); Relative to OG, the T1 values of SG were significantly higher in the right posterior cingulate gyrus, right calcarine fissure and surrounding cortex, and left putamen (P<0.05). ConclusionsEven after recovering from COVID-19, patients may still have persistent or delayed damage to their brain gray matter structure, which is correlated with the severity of the condition. SyMRI can serve as a sensitive tool to assess the extent of microstructural damage to the central nervous system, aiding in early diagnosis of the disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of different scattering correction algorithms in the reconstruction of PET/CT images on image artifacts and the precision of quantitative parameters.Methods:The phantom as described in the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU2 standard was filled with 18F. The background activity was fixed, and the activity of the solution in the spheres was adjusted to obtain several configurations, including the normal ratio group (4.08∶1) and the extreme ratio group (200∶1). The surface contamination group with the same ratio as the extreme ratio group contained a small radioactive source with different doses of 18F (74, 37, 3.7 and 0.37 MBq) placed at the surface of the phantom. PET/CT images of 30 patients (21 males, 9 females, age: (44.5±10.2) years) from Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute between July 2012 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 with normal images ( 18F-FDG) and 20 with abnormal images (10 with dislocation during acquisition, 10 with surface contamination). The images were reconstructed with relative and absolute scattering correction. The phantom was evaluated using the target to background ratio (TBR) and the artifact classification. CV as well as the artifact classification were used to compare the clinical image quality. Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. Results:In the normal ratio group and the extreme ratio group, the TBRs of phantom images reconstructed with relative correction were significantly higher than those with absolute correction (normal ratio group: 3.30(1.94, 4.53) vs 2.72(1.56, 3.56); z=-2.20, P=0.028; extreme ratio group: 105.47(45.62, 162.82) vs 101.36(43.96, 155.57); z=-1.99, P=0.046). In the surface contamination group, with the increase of the activity of the small source, the artifact became more obvious, and the artifact classification score of absolute correction was significantly better than that of relative correction (1.5(1.0, 2.0) vs 2.5(2.0, 3.0); z=-2.00, P=0.046). In the 10 normal 18F-FDG PET/CT patients, the CVliver of the relative correction (9.67%(8.00%, 11.00%)) was significantly lower than that of absolute correction (11.00%(9.00%, 12.00%); z=-2.57, P=0.010), indicating the higher image quality of images with relative correction. In abnormal images, the image quality of absolute correction was significantly higher than that of relative correction with fewer and less severe artifacts (dislocation cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019; surface contamination cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019). Conclusions:The relative scattering correction is suitable for normal situations in clinical PET acquisition. However, with dislocation or surface contamination, the absolute scattering correction helps to reduce the artifacts and improve the image quality.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the performance of Al 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-BCH PET/CT in the detection and localization of early recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. Methods:From July 2021 to July 2022, a cohort of 51 patients (age: 49-80(64.8±6.9) years) who underwent Al 18F-PSMA-BCH for biochemical recurrence with the prostate specific antigen (PSA) level less than 2 μg/L in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were stratified into 4 groups (PSA<0.2 μg/L, 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L, 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L groups) according to different PSA levels. Lesions detected by Al 18F-PSMA-BCH PET/CT were recorded as prostate bed (including bed of seminal vesicles); pelvic, paraaortic, mediastinal/supraclavicular and axillary lymph nodes; bone lesions and visceral lesions. The detection rates among different groups were compared by Fisher exact test. Results:Of 51 patients, 30(58.8%) had evidence of abnormal uptake suggestive of recurrent prostate cancer, with 60.0%(18/30) had disease confined to the pelvis, including 26.7%(8/30) had prostate bed recurrence, 26.7%(8/30) had pelvic lymph nodes, 6.6%(2/30) had prostate bed recurrence with pelvic lymph nodes, while 40.0%(12/30) had extra pelvic disease. The detection rates of Al 18F-PSMA-BCH PET/CT in PSA<0.2 μg/L, 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L and 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L groups were 39.1%(9/23), 6/11, 8/9 and 7/8, respectively. There were no significant differences of detection rates between PSA<0.2 μg/L group and 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L group ( P=0.397) and also between 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L group and 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L group ( P=0.929). Conclusion:Al 18F-PSMA-BCH has a high detection rate for early recurrent prostate cancer, even at low PSA levels less than 0.2 μg/L.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 167-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990624

ABSTRACT

Lenvatinib mesylate is an oral receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor against targets of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1-3, fibroblast growth factor receptors 1-4, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α, stem cell growth factor receptor, and rearranged during transfection, et al. Lenvatinib has been approved by the National Medical Products Administration of China on September 4,2018, for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma who have not received systematic treatment before. Up to February 2023, Lenvatinib has been listed in China for more than 4 years, accumulating a series of post-marketing clinical research evidences. Based on the clinical practice before and after the launch of lenvatinib and referring to the clinical experience of other anti-angiogenesis inhibitors, domestic multidisciplinary experts and scholars adopt the Delphi method to formulate the Chinese Expert Guidance on Overall Application of Lenvatinib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma after repeated discussions and revisions, in order to provide reference for reasonable and effective clinical application of lenvatinib for clinicians.

5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 286-293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986029

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically review the status and factors influencing presenteeism among clinical nurses. Methods: In December 2021, CNKI, CBM, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsyclNFO and other databases were electronically searched to cross sectional studies on the current situation and factors influencing the occurrence of presenteeism among clinical nurses. The search terms mainly included presenteeism, sick at work, Stanford Presenteeism Scale, nurse, level, risk factor, influence, et al. And the search time was from the establishment of the database to November 30, 2021. Literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias in the included literature were done independently by two researchers, and meta-analysis was performed using Stata 15.1 software. Results: A total of 29 studies involving 13 535 clinical nurses were included.The results of the meta-analysis showed that the score of presenteeism was 17.99 [95% CI (17.02-18.95), P =0.000]. Subgroup analysis showed that presenteeism scores were higher in articles published before 2020 (ES=19.28, 95%CI: 18.41-20.15, P=0.000) and in the group of nurses aged 36 to 40 years (ES=19.27, 95%CI: 17.35~21.19, P=0.000), female (ES= 17.04, 95%CI: 14.70-19.39, P=0.000), secondary school education (ES=21.01, 95%CI: 17.76-24.26, P= 0.007), married (ES=17.49, 95%CI: 15.13-19.85, P=0.000), working for 5 to 10 years (ES=17.78, 95%CI: 16.54-19.02, P=0.000), contract (ES=17.05, 95%CI: 15.23-18.87, P=0.000), working in pediatrics (ES= 16.65, 95% CI: 15.31-17.99, P=0.000) and European region (ES =21.21, 95% CI: 20.50-21.93, P=0.000) . Conclusion: Current evidence suggests that clinical nurses are at high risk of presenteeism, which is affected by variety of factors. The managers should pay attention to the physical and mental health of nurses, identify high-risk factors as early as possible and take measures to reduce the occurrence of presenteeism and improve the quality of nursing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Presenteeism , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mental Health , PubMed , Nurses
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 366-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984631

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of the AML1-ETO (AE) fusion gene on the biological function of U937 leukemia cells by establishing a leukemia cell model that induces AE fusion gene expression. Methods: The doxycycline (Dox) -dependent expression of the AE fusion gene in the U937 cell line (U937-AE) were established using a lentivirus vector system. The Cell Counting Kit 8 methods, including the PI and sidanilide induction, were used to detect cell proliferation, cell cycle-induced differentiation assays, respectively. The effect of the AE fusion gene on the biological function of U937-AE cells was preliminarily explored using transcriptome sequencing and metabonomic sequencing. Results: ①The Dox-dependent Tet-on regulatory system was successfully constructed to regulate the stable AE fusion gene expression in U937-AE cells. ②Cell proliferation slowed down and the cell proliferation rate with AE expression (3.47±0.07) was lower than AE non-expression (3.86 ± 0.05) after inducing the AE fusion gene expression for 24 h (P<0.05). The proportion of cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase in the cell cycle increased, with AE expression [ (63.45±3.10) %) ] was higher than AE non-expression [ (41.36± 9.56) %] (P<0.05). The proportion of cells expressing CD13 and CD14 decreased with the expression of AE. The AE negative group is significantly higher than the AE positive group (P<0.05). ③The enrichment analysis of the transcriptome sequencing gene set revealed significantly enriched quiescence, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, interferon-α/γ, and other inflammatory response and immune regulation signals after AE expression. ④Disorder of fatty acid metabolism of U937-AE cells occurred under the influence of AE. The concentration of the medium and short-chain fatty acid acylcarnitine metabolites decreased in cells with AE expressing, propionyl L-carnitine, wherein those with AE expression (0.46±0.13) were lower than those with AE non-expression (1.00±0.27) (P<0.05). The metabolite concentration of some long-chain fatty acid acylcarnitine increased in cells with AE expressing tetradecanoyl carnitine, wherein those with AE expression (1.26±0.01) were higher than those with AE non-expression (1.00±0.05) (P<0.05) . Conclusion: This study successfully established a leukemia cell model that can induce AE expression. The AE expression blocked the cell cycle and inhibited cell differentiation. The gene sets related to the inflammatory reactions was significantly enriched in U937-AE cells that express AE, and fatty acid metabolism was disordered.


Subject(s)
Humans , U937 Cells , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein , Leukemia/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 69-82, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971546

ABSTRACT

The optimal protocol for neuromodulation by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) remains unclear. Using the rotarod paradigm, we found that mouse motor learning was enhanced by anodal tDCS (3.2 mA/cm2) during but not before or after the performance of a task. Dual-task experiments showed that motor learning enhancement was specific to the task accompanied by anodal tDCS. Studies using a mouse model of stroke induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion showed that concurrent anodal tDCS restored motor learning capability in a task-specific manner. Transcranial in vivo Ca2+ imaging further showed that anodal tDCS elevated and cathodal tDCS suppressed neuronal activity in the primary motor cortex (M1). Anodal tDCS specifically promoted the activity of task-related M1 neurons during task performance, suggesting that elevated Hebbian synaptic potentiation in task-activated circuits accounts for the motor learning enhancement. Thus, application of tDCS concurrent with the targeted behavioral dysfunction could be an effective approach to treating brain disorders.


Subject(s)
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/methods , Motor Cortex/physiology , Neurons , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 232-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960942

ABSTRACT

Age-related macular degeneration(AMD)is a common eye disease causing irreversible visual impairment in the elderly. The tight junction(TJ)between retinal pigment epithelium cells(RPECs)is an important structural unit of the outer blood retinal barrier(oBRB). The TJ is defective in the pathogenesis of AMD, which in turn promotes the destruction of oBRB and accelerates the occurrence and progression of AMD. In this paper, the roles of TJ and TJ protein in maintaining oBRB function, TJ protein abnormality and oBRB destruction in the pathogenesis of AMD were reviewed, aiming to provide new ideas for the treatment of AMD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 570-573, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical efficacy of transabdominal preperitoneal(TAPP)repair aided by the L-shaped laparoscopic retractor in the treatment of giant inguinal hernia in the elderly.Methods:A total of 180 elderly patients with giant inguinal hernias from 2020 to 2021 were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group with 90 in each group.The observation group underwent TAPP surgery with the L-shaped laparoscopic hook-assisted exposure, and the control group underwent conventional laparoscopic TAPP surgery.Results:Operative time[(56.8±8.3)min vs.(62.5±6.9)min, t=3.509, P=0.001], intraoperative bleeding[(18.0±5.3)ml vs.(22.2±5.59)ml, t=3.698, P<0.001], time to first postoperative flatus[(17.8±1.6)h vs.(18.7±1.4)h, t=3.043, P=0.003], postoperative 2d VAS pain score[(1.3 ± 0.3)points vs.(1.6 ± 0.3)points, t=3.509, P=0.001], length of hospital stay[(2.7±0.5)d vs.(4.1±0.6)d, t=3.746, P<0.001]and incidence of complications(3.3% vs.18.9%, χ2=4.406, P=0.036)in the observation group were significantly lower than in the control group.There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate between the two groups during month 6-9 follow-up( P>0.05). After treatment, the levels of tumor necrosis factor, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the observation group were more favorable than in the control Group(all P<0.05). Conclusions:L-shaped laparoscopic hook-assisted exposure in TAPP for the treatment of giant inguinal hernias in the elderly has the advantages of easy maneuver, increased exposure of the anterior bladder, shortened operative time, reduced surgical trauma, and early postoperative recovery.It is also safe and should be recommended in clinical practice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 288-292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the early warning value of laboratory parameters in patients with severe hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).Methods:The clinical data of 101 patients with HFRS hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases of the First Hospital of Changsha from December 2013 to December 2020 were collected and analyzed. The differences of clinical routine laboratory parameters between mild and severe HFRS patients were compared and analyzed. The statistical methods including independent sample t test, rank sum test, chi-square test, Spearman rank correlation analysis, logistic regression analysis and receiver operator characteristic curve were used. Results:Among 101 patients with HFRS, 38 cases were in severe group and 63 cases in mild group. White blood cell count, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), prothrombin time (PT), creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and D-dimer in severe group were higher than those in mild group, while platelet count and albumin were lower than those in mild group, and the differences were all statistically significant ( t=8.61, Z=-3.76, t=4.19, Z=-2.84, Z=-7.23, t=4.98, t=4.64, t=36.02, Z=-5.49 and t=4.14, respectively; all P<0.050). Severe HFRS was positively correlated with white blood cell count, AST, PT, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), CK-MB, serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and D-dimer ( r=0.629, 0.376, 0.549, 0.471, 0.723, 0.500, 0.341 and 0.588, respectively; all P<0.001). White blood cell count, albumin, PT and CK-MB were independent influencing factors for the progression of severe HFRS (odds ratio ( OR)=0.922, 1.374, 0.730 and 0.938, respectively; all P<0.050). The area under curve (AUC) of white blood cell count, albumin, PT and CK-MB for the early warning prediction of severe HFRS were 0.869, 0.739, 0.785 and 0.931, respectively, with the optimal thresholds for prediction of 26.38×10 9/L, 26.05 g/L, 15.95 s and 35.5 U/L, respectively.And the AUC of the combined detection of the above laboratory parameters was 0.950, with the sensitivity of 87.3% and the specificity of 94.7%. Conclusions:White blood cell count, albumin, PT and CK-MB could be used as independent influencing factors for early warning of severe HFRS. Combined detection is more helpful for early warning of severe HFRS than single detection.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2445-2452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937059

ABSTRACT

The combination of Shuanghuanglian injection (SHLI) and ciprofloxacin injection (CIPI) is frequently prescribed in clinical practice, but the basis for the combination is weak. In this study, isothermal titration calorimetry and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrometry were applied to identify the molecular interactions of SHLI and its main components, chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid with CIPI. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and cold-spray ionization mass spectrometry were performed to confirm that this molecular interaction was related to the formation of self-assembled supramolecular systems induced by chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid with CIPI through weak intermolecular bonds. The antibacterial activity toward Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) was evaluated via molecular interactions, and the inhibitory ability of SHLI, chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid against P. aeruginosa was significantly reduced after interaction with CIPI. A molecular docking study demonstrated that the reduced antibacterial ability was closely related to the competitive binding of drug molecules to the same binding site of the DNA gyrase B (GyrB) subunit of P. aeruginosa. The present study uncovered the intermolecular interactions of SHLI and its main components chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid with CIPI from the perspective of molecular self-assembly and contribute to the reduction of its antibacterial ability, providing a basis for the clinical combination of SHLI and CIPI.

12.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 122-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the correlation between professional quality of life and social support of Chinese nurses based on Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients. Methods: In databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Medline, CBM, CNKI、Wanfang, and other databases were searched by computer for the literatures on correlation between Chinese nurses' professional quality of life and social support from January 2005 to July 2020. The Chinese and English search terms are "nurse" "professional quality of life" "empathy satisfaction" "empathy fatigue" "professional quality of life" "ProQOL" "comparison satisfaction" "comparison fatigue" "social support" "competent social support" "SSRS" "PSSS", etc. Literatures were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After evaluating quality and extracting data, meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 software. Results: A total of 12 studies were included. The meta analysis showed that nurses' compassion satisfaction, burnout, secondary traumatic stress were related to social support, summary r were 0.35, -0.26 and -0.23 respectively. The correlation between compassion satisfaction and social support were increased with sample, the south was higher than the north, and comprehensive departments were higher than other departments (P<0.05) . The correlation between burnout and social support were increased with time and sample, and the south was higher than the north, oncology was higher than others, non-random sampling was higher than random sampling, using ProQOL and Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) was higher than Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL) and Social Support Racting Scale (SSRS) (P<0.05) . The correlation coefficient between secondary traumatic stress and social support in oncology was higher than others, random sampling was higher than non-random sampling, using ProQOL and PSSS was higher than ProQOL and SSRS (P<0.05) . Conclusion: There is a positive and weak correlation between compassion satisfaction and social support, and a negative and weak correlation between burnout and secondary traumatic stress and social support. There are differences in different time, research design, region and department.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Job Satisfaction , Nurses , Quality of Life , Social Support , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 39-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the impact of psychological intervention on nursing staff' compassion fatigue. Methods: From March to May 2020, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang and other databases were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the influence of psychological intervention on nursing staff' compassion fatigue with the main search terms including compassion fatigue, nurs*, psychological intervention, mental intervention, RCT and so on from inception to March 31, 2020. Screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. The Stata 16.0 software was used to calculate the pooled effectiveness of psychological intervention on nursing staff' compassion fatigue. Results: All 13 RCTs were enrolled, including 940 nursing staff. Meta-analysis results demonstrated that the psychological intervention group was superior to the control group in the improvement of the compassion fatigue score (SMD=-0.96, 95%CI: -1.17-0.74, P=0.001) , compassion satisfaction score (SMD=0.61, 95%CI: 0.45-0.77, P=0.002) , burnout score (SMD=-0.46, 95%CI: -0.62-0.29, P=0.006) , secondary trauma score (SMD=-0.40, 95%CI: -0.68-0.12, P=0.020) , and the difference was statistically significant. Subgroup analysis found that the psychological intervention group was more effective than the control group in improving compassion satisfaction score, reducing burnout score and secondary trauma score, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) in different intervention time (<8 weeks and ≥8 weeks) and intervention methods. Conclusion: The psychological intervention can improve the level of compassion satisfaction, and reduce the compassion fatigue among nursing staff, and have a certain preventive effect on compassion fatigue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional/prevention & control , Compassion Fatigue/prevention & control , Empathy , Nursing Staff , Psychosocial Intervention , Quality of Life
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 456-464, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925019

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Metabolic risk factors could accelerate hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related mortality; however, their impacts on disease severity in HBV-related acute on chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients remain unexplored. In this study, we assessed the effects of metabolic risk factors on the outcome of HBV-ACLF patients. @*Methods@#This study retrospectively enrolled antiviral therapy naïve HBV-ACLF patients from a single center in China. Patients were evaluated according to Child-Turcotte-Pugh score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, 30-day, 90-day mortality and survival rate to estimate the prognosis of HBV-ACLF. The impacts of different metabolic risk factors were further analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 233 patients, including 158 (67.8%) with metabolic risk factors and 75 (32.2%) without metabolic risk factors, were finally analyzed. Patients with metabolic risk factors had significantly higher MELD score (22.6±6.1 vs 19.8±3.8, p<0.001), 90-day mortality rate (56.3% vs 38.7%, p=0.017), and shorter median survival time (58 days vs 75 days: hazard ratio, 1.553; 95% confidence interval, 1.061 to 2.274; p=0.036) than patients without them. Moreover, metabolic risk factors were independently associated with patients’ 90-day mortality (hazard ratio, 1.621; 95% confidence interval, 1.016 to 2.585; p=0.043). Prediabetes/diabetes and hypertension were related to higher rates of infection and worse renal function in HBV-ACLF patients. @*Conclusions@#HBV-ACLF patients with metabolic risk factors, especially prediabetes/diabetes or hypertension, could have more severe disease and lower survival rates. In addition, the existence of metabolic disorder is an independent risk factor for HBV-ACLF patients’ 90-day mortality.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1471-1476, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924753

ABSTRACT

The joint application of traditional Chinese medicine injection containing chlorogenic acid (CA) and cefotaxime sodium (CS) is sometimes appeared in clinical practice, but the scientific basis of drug molecular compatibility is still weak. This study proposes a sequential analysis strategy based on isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), cold-spray ionization mass spectrometry (CSI-MS) and antibacterial activity test to evaluate the molecular interactions between CA and CS. The results of ITC experiments showed that the Gibbs free energy ΔG < 0 and it was driven by enthalpy change when CA titrated CS, suggesting CA could spontaneously chemically react with CS. Subsequently, the parent ions (m/z 808.143 5) of binding molecular of CA and CS was detected by CSI-MS, indicating CA could chemically bond with CS. Furtherly, the antibacterial experiments found the antibacterial ability of CS against Klebsiella pneumonia was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) by CA in mixed solution. Finally, molecular docking technology showed CA and CS have a common target of penicillin binding protein 3 (PBP3), suggesting that the phenomenon of CA reduced the antibacterial ability of CS may be related to the competitive binding of two components with PBP3. Our studies have shown that CA could spontaneously chemically bond to CS and reduced its antibacterial ability, providing scientific data for molecular interaction evaluation of CA and CS.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1288-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924698

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of FibroScan-AST (FAST) score in patients with high-risk nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with a nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) activity score of ≥4 and significant liver fibrosis (F ≥2), along with comparison with other serological models. Methods A total of 84 consecutively admitted patients hospitalized in Ruijin Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 and biopsy-confirmed NAFLD/NASH were included in this study, and FibroScan (liver stiffness measurement and controlled attenuation parameter) and blood biochemical tests were performed at one week before and after liver biopsy. A Kruskal-Wallis H analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted with pathological results as the "gold standard", and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and classification accuracy were calculated based on the cut-off values determined by previous studies. In subgroup analysis, the patients were divided into subgroups based on different clinical indices to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of each model, which was expressed as AUC (95% confidence interval [ CI ]). Results Among the 84 patients, 43 had high-risk NASH. The FAST score was 0.54(0.04-0.93) for all patients, and the FAST score for liver fibrosis stages F0-F4 was 0.26(0.06-0.73), 0.48(0.04-0.82), 0.61(0.13-0.75), 0.64(0.09-0.93), and 0.82(0.75-0.89), respectively, with a significant difference between stages ( H =23.360, P < 0.001). FAST score was positively correlated with liver fibrosis stage ( r =0.491, P < 0.001). NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index were positively correlated with liver fibrosis stage ( r =0.230, 0.346, and 0.281, all P < 0.05), with a weaker correlation than FAST score. FAST score had an AUC of 0.725 (95% CI : 0.617-0.834, P < 0.001) in evaluating high-risk NASH. According to the low cut-off value determined by previous studies, FAST score ≤0.35 excluded high-risk NASH in 21 patients (25%) with an NPV of 71%; according to the high cut-off value, FAST score ≥0.67 helped to make a confirmed diagnosis of high-risk NASH in 19 patients (22.6%) with a PPV of 74%. NFS and FIB-4 had an AUC of 0.633(95% CI : 0.513-0.753) and 0.686(95% CI : 0.570-0.803), respectively, in the diagnosis of high-risk NASH ( P < 0.05). Conclusion FAST score can accurately determine the presence or absence of high-risk NASH in NAFLD patients with or without metabolic risk factors, and selection of appropriate cut-off values can help some patients avoid liver biopsy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 335-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923535

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To establish a predictive model using multiple layer perceptron (MLP) for short-term outcome after subacute ischemic stroke.Methods From January, 2019 to September, 2021, 60 readmission-inpatients in Department of Rehabilitation, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine were collected the clinical features of first admission (less than 30 days after attack), and the outcomes were assessed with modified Rankin Scale (MRS) three months after the first admission. The risk factors were screened with single factor analysis, and the short-term outcome predictive models were established with multi-factor Logistic regression and MLP. The predictive accuracy of both models was calculated, and the predictive effects were compared with Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve.Results For multi-factor Logistic regression, the predictive accuracy was 73.3%, and the area under ROC curve was 0.851. For MLP, the predictive accuracy was 88.9%, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.930.Conclusion The prediction of short-term outcome after subacute ischemic stroke can be done with MLP model.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1042-1047, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of task-oriented training for rehabilitation of stroke patients with hemiplegia in the community.Methods:Eighty stroke patients with hemiplegia receiving rehabilitation in Shanghai Babsongyuan Subdistrict Community Health Service Center from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled in the study. According to the rehabilitation methods, the patients were divided into the observation group (42 cases) and the control group (38 cases). Both groups were given routine Bobath technique and motor relearning method for 3 months; on this basis the observation group was given additional task-oriented training. The Brunnstrum stage was used to evaluate the limb function, Bobath balance scale was used to evaluate the sitting and standing balance function, and modified Barthel Index (MBI) was used to evaluate the activities of daily living.Results:The Brunnstrum stage of upper limbs, hands and lower limbs, Bobath sitting and standing balance function classification and MBI score of the two groups were significantly improved after treatment (the observation group: Uc=5.037, 4.567, 5.228, 2.538, 6.508, t=36.215, P<0.05; the control group: Uc=2.483, 2.311, 2.335, 2.200, 4.102, t=29.260, P<0.05). While the Brunnstrum stage of upper limb, hand and lower limb, Bobath sitting and standing balance function grade of observation group were significantly better than those of control group, MBI score was significantly higher than that of control group ( Uc=2.592, 2.243, 2.897, 2.018, 2.825, t=8.375, P<0.05). Conclusion:Bobath technique and motor relearning method combined with task-oriented training can significantly enhance the recovery of limb motor function and the improvement of activities of daily living of stroke patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 712-716, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic performance of repeat biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to distinguish between benign and malignant prostate disease. Methods:The clinical data and medical imaging of thirty-nine patients underwent repeat prostate biopsy were analyzed respectively in this study. The median age of patients was 65 years (range 46-81 years), the median PSA level was 11.0ng/ml (range 5.4-49.8 ng/ml), f/tPSA was 0.15(0.01-16.50)ng/ml, prostate volume was 43.80(7.79-108.63)ml, and PSA density was 0.24(0.09-2.31)ng/ml 2. All patients underwent pre-biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and the standard transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy. Based on the biopsy results, 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images of all patients were visually and semi-quantitatively analyzed. By visual analysis, 68Ga-PSMA uptake in prostate was defined as focal, multimodal and inhomogeneous, and then the detection rate of prostate cancer in each subgroup was analyzed. The value of the ROC curve in the diagnosis of prostate cancer was analyzed based on the SUV max of prostate cancer(SUV max), tumor-to-normal-prostate background(SUV T/BGp)as semi-quantitative parameters of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. Results:Prostate cancer was detected in 18 patients (46.2%) and 12 patients (30.8%) had clinically significant disease. There were 11, 5 and 2 patients with prostate cancer respectively in men with a focal (12 patients), multifocal(7 patients) and inhomogeneous (20 patients) 68Ga-PSMA uptake. The ROC analysis revealed a SUV max 5.3 and SUV T/BGp1.8 as an optimal cut-off level to distinguish between non-prostate cancer and prostate cancer in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, the sensitivity and specificity were 100.0% and 85.7% for SUV max (AUC=0.979), 83.3% and 90.5% for SUV T/BGp (AUC=0.915). Conclusions:Pre-biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could help to distinguish between benign and malignant prostate disease before repeat prostate biopsy and detect the foci of prostate cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 520-524, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the value of 68Ga-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid- D-Phe1-Tyr3-Thr8-octreotide (DOTATATE) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in the detection of bone metastasis in neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN). Methods:From January 2014 to July 2019, 29 NEN patients (19 males, 10 females, age: 35-76 years) with bone metastasis who underwent 68Ga-DOTATATE and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging within one month in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were divided into Ki-67≤20% and Ki-67>20% groups according to the tumor proliferation activity, and osteolysis, osteogenesis and no change groups according to the CT findings of bone metastases. The differences of the number and radioactive uptake (maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) ratio of bone lesion to normal bone (SUV T/B)) of detected bone metastases between 68Ga-DOTATATE and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were analyzed. χ2 and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to analyze the data. Results:The sensitivity of 68Ga-DOTATATE and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were 75.9%(22/29) and 82.8% (24/29) respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two modalities ( χ2=0.42, P>0.05). The numbers of cases with bone lesions detected by 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging in pelvis, spine, ribs, proximal limbs, sternoclavicular scapula and skull were all higher than those of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging (23, 22, 20, 14, 14, 10 vs 12, 19, 13, 11, 10, 6, respectively). The 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging was significantly superior to 18F-FDG imaging in detecting bone metastases (9(3, 36) and 3(0, 18)) and SUV T/B(11.10(3.35, 22.30) and 1.60(1.05, 2.70); U values: 281.000, 77.000, both P<0.001). 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging found more bone lesions in well differentiated NEN (Ki-67≤20%) group (11(2, 38) and 2(0, 13)) and osteogenic bone metastasis group (31(3, 100) and 3(0, 31); U values: 105.500, 69.500, both P<0.05). SUV T/B of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging was significantly higher than 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in all subgroups ( U values: 3.000-22.000, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging is superior to 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in the detection of bone metastasis in NEN.

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