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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2445-2452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937059

ABSTRACT

The combination of Shuanghuanglian injection (SHLI) and ciprofloxacin injection (CIPI) is frequently prescribed in clinical practice, but the basis for the combination is weak. In this study, isothermal titration calorimetry and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrometry were applied to identify the molecular interactions of SHLI and its main components, chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid with CIPI. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and cold-spray ionization mass spectrometry were performed to confirm that this molecular interaction was related to the formation of self-assembled supramolecular systems induced by chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid with CIPI through weak intermolecular bonds. The antibacterial activity toward Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) was evaluated via molecular interactions, and the inhibitory ability of SHLI, chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid against P. aeruginosa was significantly reduced after interaction with CIPI. A molecular docking study demonstrated that the reduced antibacterial ability was closely related to the competitive binding of drug molecules to the same binding site of the DNA gyrase B (GyrB) subunit of P. aeruginosa. The present study uncovered the intermolecular interactions of SHLI and its main components chlorogenic acid and neochlorogenic acid with CIPI from the perspective of molecular self-assembly and contribute to the reduction of its antibacterial ability, providing a basis for the clinical combination of SHLI and CIPI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923535

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To establish a predictive model using multiple layer perceptron (MLP) for short-term outcome after subacute ischemic stroke.Methods From January, 2019 to September, 2021, 60 readmission-inpatients in Department of Rehabilitation, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine were collected the clinical features of first admission (less than 30 days after attack), and the outcomes were assessed with modified Rankin Scale (MRS) three months after the first admission. The risk factors were screened with single factor analysis, and the short-term outcome predictive models were established with multi-factor Logistic regression and MLP. The predictive accuracy of both models was calculated, and the predictive effects were compared with Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve.Results For multi-factor Logistic regression, the predictive accuracy was 73.3%, and the area under ROC curve was 0.851. For MLP, the predictive accuracy was 88.9%, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.930.Conclusion The prediction of short-term outcome after subacute ischemic stroke can be done with MLP model.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the correlation between professional quality of life and social support of Chinese nurses based on Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients. Methods: In databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Medline, CBM, CNKI、Wanfang, and other databases were searched by computer for the literatures on correlation between Chinese nurses' professional quality of life and social support from January 2005 to July 2020. The Chinese and English search terms are "nurse" "professional quality of life" "empathy satisfaction" "empathy fatigue" "professional quality of life" "ProQOL" "comparison satisfaction" "comparison fatigue" "social support" "competent social support" "SSRS" "PSSS", etc. Literatures were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After evaluating quality and extracting data, meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 software. Results: A total of 12 studies were included. The meta analysis showed that nurses' compassion satisfaction, burnout, secondary traumatic stress were related to social support, summary r were 0.35, -0.26 and -0.23 respectively. The correlation between compassion satisfaction and social support were increased with sample, the south was higher than the north, and comprehensive departments were higher than other departments (P<0.05) . The correlation between burnout and social support were increased with time and sample, and the south was higher than the north, oncology was higher than others, non-random sampling was higher than random sampling, using ProQOL and Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) was higher than Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL) and Social Support Racting Scale (SSRS) (P<0.05) . The correlation coefficient between secondary traumatic stress and social support in oncology was higher than others, random sampling was higher than non-random sampling, using ProQOL and PSSS was higher than ProQOL and SSRS (P<0.05) . Conclusion: There is a positive and weak correlation between compassion satisfaction and social support, and a negative and weak correlation between burnout and secondary traumatic stress and social support. There are differences in different time, research design, region and department.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Nurses , Quality of Life , Social Support , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the impact of psychological intervention on nursing staff' compassion fatigue. Methods: From March to May 2020, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang and other databases were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the influence of psychological intervention on nursing staff' compassion fatigue with the main search terms including compassion fatigue, nurs*, psychological intervention, mental intervention, RCT and so on from inception to March 31, 2020. Screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. The Stata 16.0 software was used to calculate the pooled effectiveness of psychological intervention on nursing staff' compassion fatigue. Results: All 13 RCTs were enrolled, including 940 nursing staff. Meta-analysis results demonstrated that the psychological intervention group was superior to the control group in the improvement of the compassion fatigue score (SMD=-0.96, 95%CI: -1.17-0.74, P=0.001) , compassion satisfaction score (SMD=0.61, 95%CI: 0.45-0.77, P=0.002) , burnout score (SMD=-0.46, 95%CI: -0.62-0.29, P=0.006) , secondary trauma score (SMD=-0.40, 95%CI: -0.68-0.12, P=0.020) , and the difference was statistically significant. Subgroup analysis found that the psychological intervention group was more effective than the control group in improving compassion satisfaction score, reducing burnout score and secondary trauma score, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) in different intervention time (<8 weeks and ≥8 weeks) and intervention methods. Conclusion: The psychological intervention can improve the level of compassion satisfaction, and reduce the compassion fatigue among nursing staff, and have a certain preventive effect on compassion fatigue.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional/prevention & control , Compassion Fatigue/prevention & control , Empathy , Humans , Nursing Staff , Psychosocial Intervention , Quality of Life
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 570-573, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical efficacy of transabdominal preperitoneal(TAPP)repair aided by the L-shaped laparoscopic retractor in the treatment of giant inguinal hernia in the elderly.Methods:A total of 180 elderly patients with giant inguinal hernias from 2020 to 2021 were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group with 90 in each group.The observation group underwent TAPP surgery with the L-shaped laparoscopic hook-assisted exposure, and the control group underwent conventional laparoscopic TAPP surgery.Results:Operative time[(56.8±8.3)min vs.(62.5±6.9)min, t=3.509, P=0.001], intraoperative bleeding[(18.0±5.3)ml vs.(22.2±5.59)ml, t=3.698, P<0.001], time to first postoperative flatus[(17.8±1.6)h vs.(18.7±1.4)h, t=3.043, P=0.003], postoperative 2d VAS pain score[(1.3 ± 0.3)points vs.(1.6 ± 0.3)points, t=3.509, P=0.001], length of hospital stay[(2.7±0.5)d vs.(4.1±0.6)d, t=3.746, P<0.001]and incidence of complications(3.3% vs.18.9%, χ2=4.406, P=0.036)in the observation group were significantly lower than in the control group.There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate between the two groups during month 6-9 follow-up( P>0.05). After treatment, the levels of tumor necrosis factor, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the observation group were more favorable than in the control Group(all P<0.05). Conclusions:L-shaped laparoscopic hook-assisted exposure in TAPP for the treatment of giant inguinal hernias in the elderly has the advantages of easy maneuver, increased exposure of the anterior bladder, shortened operative time, reduced surgical trauma, and early postoperative recovery.It is also safe and should be recommended in clinical practice.

6.
Gut and Liver ; : 456-464, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925019

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Metabolic risk factors could accelerate hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related mortality; however, their impacts on disease severity in HBV-related acute on chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients remain unexplored. In this study, we assessed the effects of metabolic risk factors on the outcome of HBV-ACLF patients. @*Methods@#This study retrospectively enrolled antiviral therapy naïve HBV-ACLF patients from a single center in China. Patients were evaluated according to Child-Turcotte-Pugh score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, 30-day, 90-day mortality and survival rate to estimate the prognosis of HBV-ACLF. The impacts of different metabolic risk factors were further analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 233 patients, including 158 (67.8%) with metabolic risk factors and 75 (32.2%) without metabolic risk factors, were finally analyzed. Patients with metabolic risk factors had significantly higher MELD score (22.6±6.1 vs 19.8±3.8, p<0.001), 90-day mortality rate (56.3% vs 38.7%, p=0.017), and shorter median survival time (58 days vs 75 days: hazard ratio, 1.553; 95% confidence interval, 1.061 to 2.274; p=0.036) than patients without them. Moreover, metabolic risk factors were independently associated with patients’ 90-day mortality (hazard ratio, 1.621; 95% confidence interval, 1.016 to 2.585; p=0.043). Prediabetes/diabetes and hypertension were related to higher rates of infection and worse renal function in HBV-ACLF patients. @*Conclusions@#HBV-ACLF patients with metabolic risk factors, especially prediabetes/diabetes or hypertension, could have more severe disease and lower survival rates. In addition, the existence of metabolic disorder is an independent risk factor for HBV-ACLF patients’ 90-day mortality.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1471-1476, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924753

ABSTRACT

The joint application of traditional Chinese medicine injection containing chlorogenic acid (CA) and cefotaxime sodium (CS) is sometimes appeared in clinical practice, but the scientific basis of drug molecular compatibility is still weak. This study proposes a sequential analysis strategy based on isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), cold-spray ionization mass spectrometry (CSI-MS) and antibacterial activity test to evaluate the molecular interactions between CA and CS. The results of ITC experiments showed that the Gibbs free energy ΔG < 0 and it was driven by enthalpy change when CA titrated CS, suggesting CA could spontaneously chemically react with CS. Subsequently, the parent ions (m/z 808.143 5) of binding molecular of CA and CS was detected by CSI-MS, indicating CA could chemically bond with CS. Furtherly, the antibacterial experiments found the antibacterial ability of CS against Klebsiella pneumonia was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) by CA in mixed solution. Finally, molecular docking technology showed CA and CS have a common target of penicillin binding protein 3 (PBP3), suggesting that the phenomenon of CA reduced the antibacterial ability of CS may be related to the competitive binding of two components with PBP3. Our studies have shown that CA could spontaneously chemically bond to CS and reduced its antibacterial ability, providing scientific data for molecular interaction evaluation of CA and CS.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1288-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924698

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of FibroScan-AST (FAST) score in patients with high-risk nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with a nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) activity score of ≥4 and significant liver fibrosis (F ≥2), along with comparison with other serological models. Methods A total of 84 consecutively admitted patients hospitalized in Ruijin Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 and biopsy-confirmed NAFLD/NASH were included in this study, and FibroScan (liver stiffness measurement and controlled attenuation parameter) and blood biochemical tests were performed at one week before and after liver biopsy. A Kruskal-Wallis H analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted with pathological results as the "gold standard", and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and classification accuracy were calculated based on the cut-off values determined by previous studies. In subgroup analysis, the patients were divided into subgroups based on different clinical indices to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of each model, which was expressed as AUC (95% confidence interval [ CI ]). Results Among the 84 patients, 43 had high-risk NASH. The FAST score was 0.54(0.04-0.93) for all patients, and the FAST score for liver fibrosis stages F0-F4 was 0.26(0.06-0.73), 0.48(0.04-0.82), 0.61(0.13-0.75), 0.64(0.09-0.93), and 0.82(0.75-0.89), respectively, with a significant difference between stages ( H =23.360, P < 0.001). FAST score was positively correlated with liver fibrosis stage ( r =0.491, P < 0.001). NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index were positively correlated with liver fibrosis stage ( r =0.230, 0.346, and 0.281, all P < 0.05), with a weaker correlation than FAST score. FAST score had an AUC of 0.725 (95% CI : 0.617-0.834, P < 0.001) in evaluating high-risk NASH. According to the low cut-off value determined by previous studies, FAST score ≤0.35 excluded high-risk NASH in 21 patients (25%) with an NPV of 71%; according to the high cut-off value, FAST score ≥0.67 helped to make a confirmed diagnosis of high-risk NASH in 19 patients (22.6%) with a PPV of 74%. NFS and FIB-4 had an AUC of 0.633(95% CI : 0.513-0.753) and 0.686(95% CI : 0.570-0.803), respectively, in the diagnosis of high-risk NASH ( P < 0.05). Conclusion FAST score can accurately determine the presence or absence of high-risk NASH in NAFLD patients with or without metabolic risk factors, and selection of appropriate cut-off values can help some patients avoid liver biopsy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of task-oriented training for rehabilitation of stroke patients with hemiplegia in the community.Methods:Eighty stroke patients with hemiplegia receiving rehabilitation in Shanghai Babsongyuan Subdistrict Community Health Service Center from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled in the study. According to the rehabilitation methods, the patients were divided into the observation group (42 cases) and the control group (38 cases). Both groups were given routine Bobath technique and motor relearning method for 3 months; on this basis the observation group was given additional task-oriented training. The Brunnstrum stage was used to evaluate the limb function, Bobath balance scale was used to evaluate the sitting and standing balance function, and modified Barthel Index (MBI) was used to evaluate the activities of daily living.Results:The Brunnstrum stage of upper limbs, hands and lower limbs, Bobath sitting and standing balance function classification and MBI score of the two groups were significantly improved after treatment (the observation group: Uc=5.037, 4.567, 5.228, 2.538, 6.508, t=36.215, P<0.05; the control group: Uc=2.483, 2.311, 2.335, 2.200, 4.102, t=29.260, P<0.05). While the Brunnstrum stage of upper limb, hand and lower limb, Bobath sitting and standing balance function grade of observation group were significantly better than those of control group, MBI score was significantly higher than that of control group ( Uc=2.592, 2.243, 2.897, 2.018, 2.825, t=8.375, P<0.05). Conclusion:Bobath technique and motor relearning method combined with task-oriented training can significantly enhance the recovery of limb motor function and the improvement of activities of daily living of stroke patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 712-716, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic performance of repeat biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to distinguish between benign and malignant prostate disease. Methods:The clinical data and medical imaging of thirty-nine patients underwent repeat prostate biopsy were analyzed respectively in this study. The median age of patients was 65 years (range 46-81 years), the median PSA level was 11.0ng/ml (range 5.4-49.8 ng/ml), f/tPSA was 0.15(0.01-16.50)ng/ml, prostate volume was 43.80(7.79-108.63)ml, and PSA density was 0.24(0.09-2.31)ng/ml 2. All patients underwent pre-biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and the standard transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy. Based on the biopsy results, 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images of all patients were visually and semi-quantitatively analyzed. By visual analysis, 68Ga-PSMA uptake in prostate was defined as focal, multimodal and inhomogeneous, and then the detection rate of prostate cancer in each subgroup was analyzed. The value of the ROC curve in the diagnosis of prostate cancer was analyzed based on the SUV max of prostate cancer(SUV max), tumor-to-normal-prostate background(SUV T/BGp)as semi-quantitative parameters of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. Results:Prostate cancer was detected in 18 patients (46.2%) and 12 patients (30.8%) had clinically significant disease. There were 11, 5 and 2 patients with prostate cancer respectively in men with a focal (12 patients), multifocal(7 patients) and inhomogeneous (20 patients) 68Ga-PSMA uptake. The ROC analysis revealed a SUV max 5.3 and SUV T/BGp1.8 as an optimal cut-off level to distinguish between non-prostate cancer and prostate cancer in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, the sensitivity and specificity were 100.0% and 85.7% for SUV max (AUC=0.979), 83.3% and 90.5% for SUV T/BGp (AUC=0.915). Conclusions:Pre-biopsy 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could help to distinguish between benign and malignant prostate disease before repeat prostate biopsy and detect the foci of prostate cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the value of 68Ga-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid- D-Phe1-Tyr3-Thr8-octreotide (DOTATATE) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in the detection of bone metastasis in neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN). Methods:From January 2014 to July 2019, 29 NEN patients (19 males, 10 females, age: 35-76 years) with bone metastasis who underwent 68Ga-DOTATATE and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging within one month in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were divided into Ki-67≤20% and Ki-67>20% groups according to the tumor proliferation activity, and osteolysis, osteogenesis and no change groups according to the CT findings of bone metastases. The differences of the number and radioactive uptake (maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) ratio of bone lesion to normal bone (SUV T/B)) of detected bone metastases between 68Ga-DOTATATE and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were analyzed. χ2 and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to analyze the data. Results:The sensitivity of 68Ga-DOTATATE and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were 75.9%(22/29) and 82.8% (24/29) respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two modalities ( χ2=0.42, P>0.05). The numbers of cases with bone lesions detected by 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging in pelvis, spine, ribs, proximal limbs, sternoclavicular scapula and skull were all higher than those of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging (23, 22, 20, 14, 14, 10 vs 12, 19, 13, 11, 10, 6, respectively). The 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging was significantly superior to 18F-FDG imaging in detecting bone metastases (9(3, 36) and 3(0, 18)) and SUV T/B(11.10(3.35, 22.30) and 1.60(1.05, 2.70); U values: 281.000, 77.000, both P<0.001). 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging found more bone lesions in well differentiated NEN (Ki-67≤20%) group (11(2, 38) and 2(0, 13)) and osteogenic bone metastasis group (31(3, 100) and 3(0, 31); U values: 105.500, 69.500, both P<0.05). SUV T/B of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging was significantly higher than 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in all subgroups ( U values: 3.000-22.000, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging is superior to 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in the detection of bone metastasis in NEN.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2534-2538, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904984

ABSTRACT

The incidence of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has risen considerably in recent years. Drug-induced liver failure tends to have severe conditions, limited therapeutic strategy, and a high mortality rate and should thus be taken seriously by clinicians. N-acetyl-p-aminophenol is the most common cause of acute liver failure (ALF) in Western countries; for ALF associated with idiosyncratic DILI (iDILI), since there is little in-deep understanding of host susceptibility and pathogenesis, it is difficult to identify ALF caused by iDILI in the early stage, and due to a low rate of spontaneous recovery and poor prognosis, it has become a major indication for emergency liver transplantation in many countries. A comprehensive understanding of the clinical features and prognostic prediction of drug-induced liver failure and the search for new reliable diagnostic methods and effective treatment strategies are of vital importance in reducing the disease burden of drug-induced liver failure.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1314-1318, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877320

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and spleen stiffness measurement (SSM) based on FibroTouch (FT) transient elastography combined with serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) in predicting severe esophageal varices (EV) in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. MethodsRelated clinical data were collected from 120 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis who attended Department of Infectious Diseases, Changsha First Hospital, from December 2017 to June 2020. FT was used to measure LSM and SSM, and related examinations were performed, including electronic gastroscopy and serum levels of ADA, hemoglobin, albumin, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase and platelet count. The serum liver fibrosis markers aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR), and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) were calculated. According to the severity of EV under gastroscopy, the subjects were divided into severe EV group with 58 patients and non-severe EV (without EV or with mild-to-moderate EV) group with 62 patients. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Spearman rank correlation test was used to investigate the correlation of LSM, SSM, and ADA with severe EV. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of LSM, SSM, and ADA in the diagnosis of severe EV, and sensitivity and specificity were calculated. A multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the combined indicators, and the Z test was used for comparison of AUC. ResultsThere were significant differences in LSM, SSM, and ADA between the two groups (all P<0.05). LSM, SSM, and ADA were positively correlated with severe EV, with a correlation coefficient of 0.686, 0.743, and 0.723, respectively (all P<0.05). The optimal cut-off value was 22.35 kPa for LSM, 45.25 kPa for SSM, and 34.50 U/L for ADA in predicting severe EV, with an AUC of 0746, 0.802, and 0.791, respectively, a sensitivity of 82.8%, 75.9%, and 58.6%, respectively, and a specificity of 65.6%, 77.4%, and 90.2%, respectively. LSM+ADA, SSM+ADA, and LSM+SSM+ADA had an AUC of 0.826, 0.853, and 0.907, respectively, in predicting severe EV (all P<0.05). ConclusionLiver/spleen stiffness combined with serum ADA has a good value in predicting severe EV, which can provide a preliminary diagnostic basis for severe EV in patients who refuse to undergo gastroscopy.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 745-751, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875880

ABSTRACT

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a clinical disease significantly different from acute liver failure and acute decompensation of simple liver cirrhosis, and it may have acute progression to liver failure and failure of other organs. ACLF has a high short-term mortality rate and has become a disease burden worldwide. In recent years, several international associations for the study of the liver have proposed different diagnostic criteria for ACLF and published their respective consensus or review on the diagnosis and treatment of ACLF, and there are still great differences in the comprehension of chronic liver diseases, acute injury, and organ failure. At present, there are still limited data for the key links of ACLF management in China, such as liver transplantation, intensive care unit, and palliative care, and in the context of no consensus on the diagnosis of ACLF around the world, it is necessary to further strengthen the application of existing international criteria and evidence and the accumulation of evidence-based data in China.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 309-313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873397

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of Fuzheng Huayu tablets (FZHY) combined with entecavir (ETV) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) liver fibrosis. MethodsA total of 52 patients with CHB liver fibrosis with an Ishak stage of ≥F3 who were treated in Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2011 to January 2013 were enrolled and divided into FZHY combined with ETV group (combination group) and placebo combined with ETV group (control group), with 26 patients in each group, and the course of treatment was 48 weeks for both groups. Liver biopsy was performed before and after these treatment; clinical outcome was determined based on the reversal rate of Ishak stage for liver fibrosis and the improvement rate of histological activity index (HAI) for inflammation grade, and safety was evaluated based on electrocardiographic findings. Three datasets (full analysis set, per-protocol set, and safety dataset) were identified for analysis; the t-test or the Wilcoxon test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the CMH chi-square test, the chi-square test, or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsOf all 52 patients, 46 underwent the two liver biopsies before and after treatment, with 22 in the combination group and 24 in the control group. At week 48 of treatment, there was a significant difference in the proportion of patients with Ishak stage reduced by ≥1 stage between the combination group and the control group (81.8% vs 54.2%, χ2=5.297, P=0.021). There was also a significant difference in the improvement rate of HAI grade between the combination group and the control group were (59.1% vs 25.0%, χ2=6.822, P=0.009). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence rates of adverse events and serious adverse events, the safety analysis of vital signs, and laboratory safety indicators (all P>0.05). ConclusionFZHY combined with ETV has significant advantages over ETV alone in improving liver fibrosis and inflammation, and antiviral therapy combined with anti-fibrosis therapy can bring better hepatic histological improvement for CHB patients. FZHY combined with ETV has good safety in the treatment of patients with CHB liver fibrosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920747

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures in Changzhou City from 2015 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the formulation of the strategy used to consolidate the schistosomiasis elimination achievements. Methods The annual schistosomiasis control working report and integrated schistosomiasis control data were collected in Changzhou City from 2015 to 2020, and the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and livestock and snail status were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures. Results During the period from 2015 to 2020, a total of 112 061 person-time individuals received serological tests for S. japonicum infections in Changzhou City, and the sero-prevalence was 0.15% to 1.09% during the 6-year period, with a significant difference seen among years (χ2 = 288.11, P < 0.05). From 2015 to 2020, a total of 13 435 person-time individuals received stool examinations, with no egg-positives identified; among 5 840 herd-time livestock receiving schistosomiasis examinations, no positives were detected, while a 100% coverage of fencing livestock was seen each year. During the 6-year period, a total of 38.40 hm2 snail habitats were found, including 8.97 hm2 emerging snail habitats, and among the 2 344 snails dissected, no S. japonicum infection was found. Chemical treatment covered an area of 385.71 hm2, and environmental improvements covered an area of 200.39 hm2. The mean density of living snails was less than 0.1 snails/0.1 m2 in snail habitats found in Changzhou City each year from 2015 to 2020, and the coverage of harmless toilets was 100% in 2020. During the 6-year period, a total of 3.740 6 million person-time individuals were given schistosomiasis health education in Changzhou City. Conclusions Changzhou City is now at the post-elimination surveillance stage; however, there are still factors affecting schistosomiasis transmission. The schistosomiasis surveillance system remains to be improved to consolidate the schistosomiasis elimination achievements in Changzhou City.

17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 644-648, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888748

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused global public health and economic crises. Thus, new therapeutic strategies and effective vaccines are urgently needed to cope with this severe pandemic. The development of a broadly neutralizing antibody against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is one of the attractive treatment strategies for COVID-19. Currently, the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike (S) protein is the main target of neutralizing antibodies when SARS-CoV-2 enters human cells through an interaction between the S protein and the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 expressed on various human cells. A single monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment is prone to selective pressure due to increased possibility of targeted epitope mutation, leading to viral escape. In addition, the antibody-dependent enhancement effect is a potential risk of enhancing the viral infection. These risks can be reduced using multiple mAbs that target nonoverlapping epitopes. Thus, a cocktail therapy combining two or more antibodies that recognize different regions of the viral surface may be the most effective therapeutic strategy.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837623

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence and risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infections among high-risk populations in Changzhou City, so as to provide the scientific basis for formulating effective control measures of toxoplasmosis. MethodsFour types of high-risk populations living in Changzhou City were recruited from 2016 to 2018 as the study subjects, including HIV/AIDS patients, cancer patients, pregnant women and livestock and poultry breeding or processing workers. Each subject was investigated for the knowledge on knowledge, attitude and practice of toxoplasmosis prevention and control. In addition, serum specific IgG and IgM antibodies against T. gondii were detected, and the risk factors of T. gondii infections were identified. Results A total of 900 participants at high risk of T. gondii infections were investigated in Changzhou City from 2016 to 2018, including 150 HIV/AIDS patients, 250 cancer patients, 250 pregnant women and 250 livestock and poultry breeding or processing workers. The overall awareness rate of toxoplasmosis prevention and control knowledge was 16.8% (151/900), and the awareness rate was significantly greater in women than in men (χ2 = 41.34, P < 0.05). The awareness rate of toxoplasmosis prevention and control reduced with ages (χ2 = 147.78, P < 0.05), and increased with the education level (χ2 = 166.42, P < 0.05). In ad dition, there was an occupation-specific awareness rate of toxoplasmosis prevention and control (χ2 = 92.26, P < 0.05), and the highest awareness rate was seen in cadres and staff (47.2%, 34/72). Among all high-risk populations, 34.6% (311/900) had fre- quent contacts with cats/dogs, 40.4% (364/900) raised cats/dogs at home, 0.9% (8/900) ate raw meat, and 15.8% (142/900) sepa- rated chopping boards for raw and cooked food. Among the participants aware of toxoplasmosis prevention and control knowledge, 24.5% (37/151) contacted cats/dogs frequently, which was significantly lower than those not aware of toxoplasmosis prevention and control knowledge (36.6%, 274/749) (χ2 = 8.11, P < 0.05), and 35.1% (53/151) separated chopping boards for raw and cooked food, which was significantly higher than those not aware of toxoplasmosis prevention and control knowledge (11.9%, 89/749) (χ2 = 50.97, P < 0.05). The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii infections was 11.0% (99/900), and the positive rates of IgG antibodies against T. gondii were 6.0%, 13.9%, 4.8% and 17.3% in HIV/AIDS patients, livestock and poultry breeding or processing workers, pregnant women and cancer patients, respectively (χ2 = 25.87, P < 0.05). A higher seroprevalence of T. gon- dii infection was seen in men than in women (χ2 = 8.88, P < 0.05), and the seroprevalence increased with ages (χ2 = 37.03, P < 0.05) and reduced with education levels (χ2 = 25.07, P < 0.05). There was an occupation-specific seroprevalence of T. gondii in- fection (χ2 = 22.09, P < 0.05), and the highest seroprevalence was detected in peasants (57/330, 17.3%). Conclusions The awareness of toxoplasmosis prevention and control knowledge is low among high-risk populations in Changzhou City. Health edu- cation pertaining to toxoplasmosis prevention and control requires to be strengthened in cancer patients and livestock and poultry breeding or processing workers who have a high seroprevalence of T. gondii infections, so as to change the poor behavior styles.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2543-2551, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Accumulating evidence has revealed that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can serve as non-invasive biomarkers for cancer diagnosis. This study aimed to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in serum which might become potential biomarkers for non-invasive diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).@*METHODS@#The experiment was carried out between 2015 and 2017. In the screening stage, the Exiqon miRNA quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) panel was applied to select candidate miRNAs. In the following training, testing, and external validation stages, the serum samples of 100 patients and 96 healthy controls (HCs) were analyzed to compare the expression levels of the identified miRNAs. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were calculated to assess the diagnostic value of the identified signature.@*RESULTS@#Three miRNAs (miR-25-3p, miR-296-5p, and miR-92a-3p) in serum were consistently up-regulated in PTC patients compared with HCs. A three-miRNA panel was constructed by logistic regression analysis and showed better diagnostic performance than a single miRNA for PTC detection. The AUCs of the panel were 0.727, 0.771, and 0.862 for the training, testing, and external validation stage, respectively. Meanwhile, the panel showed stable capability in differentiating PTC patients from patients with benign goiters, with an AUC as high as 0.969. For further exploration, the three identified miRNAs were analyzed in tissue samples (23 PTC vs. 23 HCs) and serum-derived exosomes samples (24 PTC vs. 24 HCs), and the altered expression in the tumor also indicated their close relationship with PTC disease.@*CONCLUSION@#We identify a three-miRNA panel in serum which might serve as a promising biomarker for PTC diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , ROC Curve , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2532-2542, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877846

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) in the blood circulation can serve as promising diagnostic markers for cancers. This four-stage study aimed at finding serum miRNAs as potential biomarkers for lung adenocarcinoma (LA) diagnosis.@*METHODS@#The study was carried out between 2016 and 2017. The Exiqon miRNA qPCR panel (3 LA vs. 1 normal control [NC] pooled serum samples) was used for initial screening to acquire miRNA profiles. Thirty-five dysregulated miRNAs were further evaluated in the training (24 LA vs. 24 NCs) and testing stages (110 LA vs. 110 NCs) using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays.@*RESULTS@#Four serum miRNAs (miR-133a-3p, miR-584-5p, miR-10b-5p, and miR-221-3p) were significantly overexpressed in LA patients compared with NCs. The diagnostic value of the four-miRNA panel was validated by an external cohort (36 LA vs. 36 NCs). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the four-miRNA panel in the training, testing, and external validation stages were 0.734, 0.803, and 0.894 respectively. Meanwhile, the expression level of miR-221-3p was much higher in LA tumor samples than that in the adjacent normal tissues (19 LA vs. 19 NCs). The expression level of miR-10b-5p was also elevated in the serum-derived exosomes samples (18 LA vs. 18 NCs). The expression of miR-133a-3p, miR-584-5p, and miR-10b-5p was significantly elevated in LA patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation compared with NCs.@*CONCLUSION@#The study established a four-miRNA signature in serum that could improve the diagnostic capability of LA.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Biomarkers , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , ROC Curve
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