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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 260-266, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of acupuncture have varied in different randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and there are many factors that influence treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes, with conflicting results.@*OBJECTIVE@#To identify factors and their impact on the treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes.@*METHODS@#Acupuncture RCTs were searched from 7 databases including Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and China Biology Medicine disc between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2019. Eligible studies must compare acupuncture to no acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or waiting lists, and report at least 1 patient-important outcome. A multi-level meta-regression was conducted using a 3-level robust mixed model and univariate analyses were performed for all independent variables, even those excluded from the multivariable model due to collinearities. We used thresholds of 0.2 and 0.4 for the difference of standardized mean differences (SMDs), categorising them as small (<0.2), moderate (0.2-0.4), or large (>0.4) effects.@*RESULTS@#The pain construct analysis involved 211 effect estimates from 153 studies and 14 independent variables. High-frequency acupuncture treatment sessions produced larger effects compared to low-frequency sessions [large magnitude, the difference of adjusted SMDs 0.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07 to 0.84; P=0.02]. The non-pain symptoms construct analysis comprised 323 effect estimates from 231 studies and 15 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture showed moderately larger effects when compared to non-penetrating acupuncture (0.30, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01). The function construct analysis included 495 effect estimates from 274 studies and 14 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture and the flexible acupuncture regimen showed moderately larger effects, compared to non-penetrating acupuncture and fixed regimen, respectively (0.40, 95% CI 0 to 0.80; P=0.05; 0.29, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-frequency acupuncture sessions appear to be a more effective approach to managing painful symptoms. Penetrating acupuncture demonstrated greater effect in relieving non-painful symptoms. Both penetrating acupuncture type and flexible acupuncture regimen were linked to significant treatment effects in function outcomes. Future studies should consider the factors that are significantly associated with the effects of acupuncture in patient-important outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Pain , Pain Management , China
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 476-481, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016640

ABSTRACT

Based on the long bud stage phenotype of a new Lonicera japonica Flos variety "Huajin 6", using "Huajin 6" and "Da Mao Hua" as materials, probing the mechanism of its phenotype formation. Detection of endogenous Jasmonic acid hormones (JAs) content; the genes related to jasmonic acid (JA) synthesis were identified by transcriptome analysis of Lonicera japonica; flower buds and flowers of "Huajin 6" and "Da Mao Hua" were collected at different periods, and the qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time PCR) technique was used to analyze the trend of the expression of synthesis-related enzyme genes in Lonicera japonica Flos during the bud stage. The study found that the content of JAs in "Huajin 6" Lonicera japonica Flos was significantly lower than that in "Da Mao Hua"; applying exogenous methyl-jasmonate (MeJA) to "Huajin 6" can restore its flowering phenotype, making it close to wild type Lonicera japonica Flos; there are significant differences in the expression of two allene oxide synthase genes (AOS), three lipoxygenase genes (LOX), and two allene oxide cyclase genes (AOC) in the flowers and buds of "Huajin 6" and "Da Mao Hua" at different periods. It is hypothesized that the low expression of JA synthesis-related enzyme genes in " Huajin 6" leads to the blockage of JA synthesis, which causes the formation of the long bud phenotype. This study laid a certain foundation for the genetic breeding of Lonicera japonica, provided a new idea for the improvement of Lonicera japonica varieties, and provided a reference for the study of JAs in plant flower organs.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 162-170, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013611

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the targeting mechanism of miR-23b on PINKl/Parkin pathway in transdifferentiation of NRK-52E cellsinduced by TGF-β1, and to elucidate the intervention mechanism of Qingshen granules drug-containing serum on NRK-52E cell transdifferentiation. Methods Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography ( UPLC ) fingerprinting method was used to analyze Qingshen granules. The NRK-52E transdifferentiation model induced by TGF-β1 was constructed. The NRK-52E cells were divided into simulated no-load control group, miR-23b-5p simulated group, inhibitor no-load control group, and miR-23b-5p inhibitor group, after transfection with siRNA, and the effect of miR-23b-5p on PINK1 expression was ob-served. The NRK-52E cells were then divided into normal group, TGF-(31 group, Qingshen granule group, miR-23 b-mimic group, miR-23 b-mimic group, and miR-23b-mimic + Qingshen granule group. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Pinkl, Parkin, LC3 n, Beclin-1, P62 and a-SMA proteins, and RT- PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-23 b-5p, Pinkl, Parkin, Beclin-1 and a-SMA mRNA in NRK- 52E cells. Dual-Luciferase Reporter gene experiment was used to detect the targeting relationship between miR-23b-5p and PINKL Results UPLC fingerprinting method found 11 active components in Qingshen granules. After overexpression of miR-23b-5p, the expression of PINkl mRNA significantly increased (P 0. 05 ). The experimental results showed that the expressions of miR- 23b-5p, Pinkl, Parkin, Beclin-1, LC3 II and LC3 II/ I ratio in TGF-β1 group were significantly lower than those in normal group, but the expressions of P62 and a-SMA were significantly higher than those in normal group ( P <0.05). The expressions of miR-23 b-5 p, Pinkl, Parkin, Beclin-1, LC3 II and LC3 11/ I ratio in Qingshen granule group and miR-23 b-mimic group were significantly higher than those in TGF-β1 group, and the expressions of P62 and a-SMA were significantly lower than those in TGF-β1 group (P < 0. 05 ). The performance of miR-23 b-mimic + Qingshen granule group was better than that of miR-23 b-mimic group (P < 0. 05 ). Conclusions Qingshen granules can up- regulate the expression of miR-23b-5p in NRK-52E cellsand inhibit the transdifferentiation process of NRK- 52E cells by enhancing the mitochondrial autophagy activity mediated by PINKl/Parkin pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 141-147, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013370

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the policy framework, theoretical system and principles of educational placement for children with special needs based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for the multi-faceted educational placement services and methods for these children. MethodsBased on ICF theory and methods, public policy research techniques, and educational policy analysis, this study systematically investigated the policy architecture and theoretical underpinnings for the educational placement of children with special needs, focusing on an inclusive education-oriented system of multiple placements. ResultsThe study analyzed educational policies, emphasizing the rights to education under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and UNESCO's guidelines on ensuring inclusivity and equity in education which encourage the provision of individualized educational support services and reasonable accommodations to enable the effective participation of students with disablities in education. China, the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) have enacted laws and policies promoting inclusive education, integrating children with disablities into the general education system, and providing them with the same educational opportunities as other children. The development of special education focuses on tailored educational services for those children who need additional support and resources. Policies underscore the need to evaluate the specific needs of children with disablities and provide individualized educational plan based on these needs. ConclusionBased on core content from the CRPD, UNESCO's guidelines, and relevant policies from China, the EU, and the US regarding the education and educational placement services for children with special needs, the theoretical framework and principles of educational placement for children with special needs based on ICF are discussed, proposing contents and methods for constructing a multi-faceted educational placement service system for children with special needs.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2139-2145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999130

ABSTRACT

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent the largest family of membrane proteins and are the target of approximately half of all therapeutic drugs. There are ~300 orphan GPCRs, which have great potential in drug development. G protein-coupled receptor 35 (GPR35), a rhodopsin-like orphan GPCR, is widely involved in immune regulation, gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, as well as other diseases, suggesting its great potential as a therapeutic target in a variety of diseases. However, the current research on GPR35 is insufficient, including the true endogenous ligand has not been confirmed, the molecular mechanism of its role in disease is not fully understood, and there is a lack of effective intervention strategies targeting GPR35. This article summarizes the deorphatization of GPR35, GPR35-related signaling pathways and their association with various diseases, in order to provide a reference for in-depth study of GPR35 in diseases and development of drugs targeting GPR35.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1059-1065, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ventricular remodeling after acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (AAMI) is an important factor in occurrence of heart failure which additionally results in poor prognosis. Therefore, the treatment of ventricular remodeling needs to be further optimized. Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDP), a traditional Chinese medicine, exerts a protective effect on microcirculatory disturbance caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury and attenuates ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CDDP in improving ventricular remodeling and cardiac function after AAMI on a larger scale.@*METHODS@#This study is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial. The total of 268 patients with AAMI after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) will be randomly assigned 1:1 to the CDDP group (n=134) and control group (n=134) with a follow-up of 48 weeks. Both groups will be treated with standard therapy of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), with the CDDP group administrating 20 tablets of CDDP before pPCI and 10 tablets 3 times daily after pPCI, and the control group treated with a placebo simultaneously. The primary endpoint is 48-week echocardiographic outcomes including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), and left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI). The secondary endpoint includes the change in N terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level, arrhythmias, and cardiovascular events (death, cardiac arrest, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, rehospitalization due to heart failure or angina pectoris, deterioration of cardiac function, and stroke). Investigators and patients are both blinded to the allocated treatment.@*DISCUSSION@#This prospective study will investigate the efficacy and safety of CDDP in improving ventricular remodeling and cardiac function in patients undergoing pPCI for a first AAMI. Patients in the CDDP group will be compared with those in the control group. If certified to be effective, CDDP treatment in AAMI will probably be advised on a larger scale. (Trial registration No. NCT05000411).


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Remodeling , Prospective Studies , Microcirculation , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Multicenter Studies as Topic
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1142-1146, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010293

ABSTRACT

Shock is the clinical manifestation of acute circulatory failure, which results in inadequate utilization of cellular oxygen. It is a common condition with high mortality rates in intensive care units. The intravenous administration of Shenfu Injection (SFI) may attenuate inflammation, regulate hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism; inhibit ischemia-reperfusion responses; and have adaptogenic and antiapoptotic effects. In this review, we have discussed the clinical applications and antishock pharmacological effects of SFI. Further in-depth and large-scale multicenter clinical studies are warranted to determine the therapeutic effects of SFI on shock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Shock/drug therapy , Injections , Oxygen , Multicenter Studies as Topic
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1062-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the coagulation function indicators and identify influence factors of hypercoagulability in patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) independent Cushing syndrome (CS).@*METHODS@#In our retrospective study, the electronic medical records system of Peking University First Hospital was searched for the patients diagnosed with ACTH independent CS on discharge from January 2014 to June 2019. Nonfunctional adrenal adenoma patients were chosen as control group and matched 1 ∶1 by body mass index (BMI), gender, and discharge date. Clinical features and coagulation function indicators were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 171 patients were included in each group. Compared with control group, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and prothrombin time (PT) in ACTH independent CS group were significantly lower [(29.22±3.39) s vs. (31.86±3.63) s, P < 0.001; (29.22±3.39) s vs. (31.86±3.63) s, P < 0.001], and both D-dimer and fibrin degradation products (FDP) levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05). Percentage of APTT levels under the lower limit of reference range in the CS patients was significantly higher than that in nonfunctional group (21.6% vs. 3.5%, P < 0.001). Percentage of D-dimer levels over the upper limit of reference range in the CS patients was significantly higher than that in nonfunctional group (13.5% vs. 6.6%, P=0.041). There were three patients with deep venous thrombosis and one patient with pulmonary embolism in CS group, however none was in control group. The area under curve (AUC) of serum cortisol rhythm (8:00, 16:00 and 24:00) levels was negatively associated with the levels of PT (r=-0.315, P < 0.001) and APTT (r=-0.410, P < 0.001), and positively associated with FDP (r=0.303, P < 0.001) and D-dimer levels (r=0.258, P < 0.001). There were no differences in coagulation function indicators among different histopathologic subgroups (adrenocortical adenoma, adrenocortical hyperplasia, oncocytic adenoma, adrenocortical carcinoma). With Logistic regression analysis, the AUC of cortisol and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were independent risk factors for hypercoagulability in the ACTH independent CS patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ACTH independent CS patients were more likely in hypercoagulable state compared with nonfunctional adrenal adenoma, especially in ACTH independent CS patients with higher levels of cortisol AUC and HbA1c. These patients should be paid attention to for the hypercoagulability and thrombosis risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cushing Syndrome/complications , Adrenocortical Adenoma/complications , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Hydrocortisone , Retrospective Studies , Glycated Hemoglobin , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/complications
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1013-1021, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of iguratimod combined with tofacitinib in patients with difficult-to-treat moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#In this prospective clinical study, 30 patients with difficult-to-treat moderate-to-severe RA who attended the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Shanxi Province Fenyang Hospital from September 2021 to June 2022 were selected. Twenty-three patients enrollment had been treated with 2 or more conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for more than 6 months. At least, methotrexate or leflunomide was included. Seven patients were treated with conventional synthetic DMARDs combined with tumor necrosis factor antagonists. Because all the patients had not reached the target of treatment, the combination treatment regimen of DMARDs was changed to iguratimod and tofacitinib. The observation period was 12 weeks. Clinical data were collected before and after treatment. At the end of 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks, the clinical data were collected such as swollen joints count (SJC), tender joints count (TJC), time of morning stiffness, clinical disease activity index (CDAI), health status assessment questionnaire (HAQ), and 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28) were included. We collected laboratory indicators, recorded the patient's medication, and observed some changes to see if any adverse drug reactions occurred during the treatment.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), platelet (PLT), SJC, TJC, DAS28 based on ESR(DAS28-ESR), time of morning stiffness, HAQ, CDAI, and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody before and after treatment. The differences had statistical significance (P < 0.05). There was no statistical differences in globulin before and after treatment (P>0.05). During the treatment of iguratimod combined with tofacitinib, there was no serious adverse reactions such as leukopenia, significant elevation of liver enzymes, allergy or thromboemblolic events that occurred in all the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Iguratimod combined with tofacitinib in the treatment of difficult-to-treat moderate-to-severe RA may have efficacy. The machanism was improving the patients' recent clinical symptoms by reducing inflammatory indexes. This combination treatment regimen with iguratimod and tofacitinib has a good safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prospective Studies , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3269-3280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981464

ABSTRACT

Bombyx Batryticatus is a precious traditional Chinese animal drug commonly used in clinical practice in China, which has the effects of extinguishing wind, stopping convulsions, dispelling wind, relieving pain, resolving phlegm, and dissipating mass. The processing of Bombyx Batryticatus has a long history. As early as in the Liu Song period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties, there was a record of the processing of Bombyx Batryticatus with rice swill. In addition to the processing with bran, honey bran, and ginger juice, which are still used today, there are also processing methods such as rendering, flour processing, wine processing, salt processing, oil processing, charcoal, and red dates processing in ancient times. After processing, the fishy smell of Bombyx Batryticatus can be removed, and avoid nausea and vomiting caused by the direct taking. Furthermore, processing can also facilitate the removal of surface hairs and toxicity reduction, making the medicinal material crispy and easy to crush. Previous studies have shown that the main chemical constituents of Bombyx Batryticatus include protein polypeptides, sterols, and flavonoids, with anticonvulsant, anticoagulation, antithrombotic, anti-cancer, hypnotic, hypoglycemic, and other pharmacological effects. This paper reviewed the processing historical evolution, chemical constituents, and pharmacological effects of Bombyx Batryticatus to lay a foundation for the research on the processing mechanism, quality control, and active core substances of Bombyx Batryticatus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx , China , Evolution, Chemical , Flavonoids , Fruit
11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 445-449, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981290

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of Chinese medical researchers' knowledge regarding the ethical norms of the research involving humans or laboratory animals,and provide reference for further improving the ethics review norms. Methods The questionnaire method was employed to survey the applicants for the 2019 projects supported by the Department of Medical Sciences,National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) about their knowledge of ethical requirements.Furthermore,the ethical supervision of the NSFC and affiliations at the project application and implementation stages was analyzed. Results The survey showed that 29.9% medical researchers were familiar with NSFC's ethical requirements for research involving human or laboratory animals.During the project application stage,59.0% affiliations adopted the simplified review method.Regarding the ethical supervison,95.5% medical researchers believed that the affiliations should fulfill the ethical supervision obligations and take relevant measures during the project implementation period.In addition,55.0% medical researchers fully agreed to discuss with the review experts about the ethical issues involved in the project. Conclusions The NSFC should establish rules and regulations to improve institutional management responsibilities and institutionalize the training about research ethics to comprehensively strengthening the training.Taking the management of research project ethics as a starting point,the NSFC should form a multi-party linkage between project funding and management and establish an accountability mechanism for ethics management.Furthermore,the NSFC should double the endeavors at the review of ethical issues during expert review and process management and attach importance to the research,judgment,and prevention of ethical risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Foundations , Biomedical Research , China , Natural Science Disciplines
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 783-792, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Tongdu Tiaoshen (promoting the circulation of the governor vessel and regulating the spirit) electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on pyroptosis mediated by peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) of the cerebral cortex in rats with cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury (CIRI) and explore the potential mechanism of EA for the prevention and treatment of CIRI.@*METHODS@#A total of 110 clean-grade male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, an EA group, an EA + inhibitor group and an agonist group, 22 rats in each group. In the EA group, before modeling, EA was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/5 Hz in frequency, 1 to 2 mA in intensity, lasting 20 min; once a day, consecutively for 7 days. On the base of the intervention as the EA group, on the day 7, the intraperitoneal injection with the PPARγ inhibitor, GW9662 (10 mg/kg) was delivered in the EA + inhibitor group. In the agonist group, on the day 7, the PPARγ agonist, pioglitazone hydrochloride (10 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally. At the end of intervention, except the sham-operation group, the modified thread embolization method was adopted to establish the right CIRI model in the rats of the other groups. Using the score of the modified neurological severity score (mNSS), the neurological defect condition of rats was evaluated. TTC staining was adopted to detect the relative cerebral infarction volume of rat, TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis of cerebral cortical nerve cells and the transmission electron microscope was used to observe pyroptosis of cerebral cortical neural cells. The positive expression of PPARγ and nucleotide-binding to oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) in the cerebral cortex was detected with the immunofluorescence staining. The protein expression of PPARγ, NLRP3, cysteinyl aspartate specific protease-1 (caspase-1), gasdermin D (GSDMD) and GSDMD-N terminal (GSDMD-N) in the cerebral cortex was detected with Western blot. Using the quantitative real-time fluorescence-PCR, the mRNA expression of PPARγ, NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD of the cerebral cortex was detected. The contents of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 in the cerebral cortex of rats were determined by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the mNSS, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were increased (P<0.01), pyroptosis was severe, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARγ, NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD were elevated (P<0.01); and the protein expression of GSDMD-N and contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. When compared with the model group, the mNSS, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were decreased (P<0.01), pyroptosis was alleviated, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARγ were increased (P<0.01), the protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD were decreased (P<0.01), the protein expression of GSDMD-N was reduced (P<0.01); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were lower (P<0.01) in the EA group and the agonist group; while, in the EA + inhibitor group, the protein expression of PPARγ was increased (P<0.01), the protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3 and GSDMD were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), the mRNA expression of caspase-1 was reduced (P<0.01); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were lower (P<0.01). When compared with the EA + inhibitor group, the mNSS, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), pyroptosis was alleviated, the protein and mRNA expression levels of PPARγ were increased (P<0.01), the protein and mRNA expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD were decreased (P<0.01), the protein expression of GSDMD-N was reduced (P<0.01); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were declined (P<0.01) in the EA group. Compared with the agonist group, in the EA group, the relative cerebral infarction volume and the TUNEL positive cells rate were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the mRNA expression of PPARγ was decreased (P<0.01) and the protein expression of GSDMD-N was elevated (P<0.05); and the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 were higher (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongdu Tiaoshen EA pretreatment can attenuate the neurological impairment in the rats with CIRI, and the underlying mechanism is related to the up-regulation of PPARγ inducing the inhibition of NLRP3 in the cerebral cortex of rats so that pyroptosis is affected.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , PPAR gamma/genetics , Pyroptosis , Interleukin-18 , Electroacupuncture , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Cerebral Cortex , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Caspases , RNA, Messenger
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 405-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980736

ABSTRACT

Professor HAN Wei 's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen (promoting yang and regaining consciousness) for adolescent depressive disorder is introduced. It is believed that the internal causes of adolescent depressive disorder are mostly emotional and physical factors, while the external causes are mainly social factors, and yang-qi stagnation and emotional disorder are the key pathogenesis. The key of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen is warming and regulating the governor vessel. The governor vessel acupoints at head, neck and back are selected. At head, Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 24+) are selected; at neck, Fengfu (GV 16) and Dazhui (GV 14) are selected; at back, Taodao (GV 13), Shenzhu (GV 12), Shendao (GV 11), Zhiyang (GV 9) and Jinsuo (GV 8) are selected. The combination of disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation should be highly valued, and the moxibustion with Tongyang and acupuncture with Xingshen should be used simultaneously, and the strong stimulation is suggested.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Physical Examination , Depressive Disorder
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1351-1354, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996990

ABSTRACT

@#Implantable left ventricular assist device (LVAD) has become an essential treatment for end-stage heart failure, and its effect has been continuously improved. In the world, magnetic levitation LVAD has become mainstream and is increasingly used as a destination treatment. China has also entered the era of ventricular assist device. The continuous improvement of the ventricular assist device will further improve the treatment effect. This article reviews the current situation and development trend of LVAD treatment in China and abroad.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 227-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994314

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between dietary patterns and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM), so as to provide insights for the prevention and management of T2DM.Methods:Participants were recruited from the " The Tianjin Chronic Inflammation and Health Cohort Study(TCLSIH)" cohort study from 2013 to 2018, who had completed the modified semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire(FFQ) and blood glucose testing( n=26 425), free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, or diabetes at baseline. The relevant information collected includes food frequency, blood glucose concentration, and other confounding factors. In this study, the correlation between dietary patterns and T2DM was tested using Cox proportional risk regression model, and the gender stratification analysis and body mass index stratification analysis of different gender groups were carried out. All statistical analysis was performed using SAS 9.3 software. Results:The age of all participants was (41.0±11.5)years, and the cumulative incidence was 3.84% for T2DM. The cumulative incidence of T2DM in male population was 5.29%, while that in female population was 2.16%. There were significant differences in the incidence of T2DM among different genders( P <0.001). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios( HR) and corresponding 95% CI of T2DM across the plant-based dietary pattern score were 1.09(95% CI 0.91-1.31), 0.80(95% CI 0.66-0.97), and 0.76(95% CI 0.62-0.94; Ptrend =0.010). Moreover, no statistically significant differences were observed between animal and traditional northern Chinese diets with the incidence of T2DM. Conclusions:The plant-based dietary patterns were associated with substantially lower risk of developing T2DM, and there were no significant association between animal and traditional northern Chinese dietary patterns with T2DM. Plant-based dietary patterns characterized by a variety of fruit, leeks, onions, seaweed may be beneficial to the prevention and control of T2DM.

16.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 102-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and related factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Methods:A total of 42 223 subjects who received annual physical examination from January to December 2019 were selected as the research objects, a cross-sectional study was conducted. They were divided into CKD patients and healthy control groups. The basic information of the subjects was collected by questionnaire, including age, sex, marital status, education level, smoking history, drinking history, physical exercise and previous disease history, etc. The height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure of the subjects were measured through physical examination, and laboratory indicators including fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood uric acid, creatinine and urine routine were collected. The influencing factors of CKD were analyzed by logistic regression.Results:A total of 42 223 subjects were included in the study. The prevalence of CKD was 5.62%, with 7.77% in males and 3.39% in females. The prevalence of CKD increased with age. The prevalence of CKD was the highest in ≥80 years old (25.84%), followed by 70-79 years old (13.08%), the prevalence of CKD in males was higher than that in females in all age groups. Most of the detected CKD patients were in the early stage (stage 1-2), and the total prevalence of early CKD was 5.13%, and the total prevalence of stage 3-5 was 0.49%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age 70-79 years old ( OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.17-2.27),≥80 years old ( OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 2.61-5.91), male ( OR: 1.55, 95% CI: 2.61-5.91), high diastolic blood pressure ( OR: 1.014, 95% CI: 1.007-1.021), high fasting blood glucose level ( OR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.17-1.27), SUA ( OR: 1.001, 95% CI: 1.000-1.002), hypertension ( OR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.23-1.68), coronary heart disease ( OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.10-1.69) and stroke ( OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.09-2.43) were independent risk factors for CKD (all P<0.05); Physical activity 15-30 min/day ( OR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.71-0.93),>60 min/day ( OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.70-0.96) was a protective factor for the prevalence of CKD (all P<0.05) Conclusion:The prevalence of CKD in the health check-up population is low, and most of them are in the early stage of the disease. The prevalence of CKD is related to male, old age, physical exercise, elevated diastolic blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, elevated blood uric acid, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and stroke.

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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 849-854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of dual-layer spectral detector CT (DLSDCT) in precise radiotherapy for central lung cancer (CLC) complicated with atelectasis.Methods:Clinical and imaging data (including DLSDCT, PET-CT, and radiotherapy simulation CT images) of 26 patients with pathologically confirmed CLC accompanied by atelectasis from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 21 males and 5 females, aged 36-82 years. Two physicians assessed CLC identifiability on DLSDCT, PET-CT, and simulation localization CT images, respectively, and outlined the gross tumor volume (GTV) and measured GTV values (GTV DLSDCT, GTV PET-CT, GTV CT). Paired-sample Friedman test was used to compare the differences in GTV of the three images, and the SNK test with Bonferroni correction was used for a two-way comparison. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to compare the agreement of measured GTV between 2 physicians. Results:The differentiation rates on PET-CT, DLSDCT, and simulation CT images were 100% (26/26), 80.77% (21/26), and 11.54% (3/26), respectively. The differentiation rate of CLC on DLSDCT images was significantly higher than that on simulation CT images (χ 2=16.06, P<0.001). GTV CT, GTV PET-CT, and GTV DLSDCT measured on simulation localization CT images, PET-CT images, and DLSDCT images were 58.75 (22.57, 86.17) cm 3, 47.34 (18.13, 69.25) cm 3, and 51.40 (18.87, 71.31) cm 3, respectively, with statistically significant differences (χ 2=44.99, P<0.001). Both GTV DLSDCT and GTV PET-CT were significantly smaller than GTV CT (χ 2=4.23, 6.59, Bonferroni corrected P<0.001), and there was no significant difference between GTV DLSDCT and GTV PET-CT (χ 2=2.36, Bonferroni corrected P=0.055). The agreement between the two physicians was good for GTV values measured on both DLSDCT and PET-CT (ICC=0.86, 0.89). Conclusions:On DLSDCT images, most CLC and atelectasis can be identified. Compared to simulation localization CT, the tumor target areas outlined on DLSDCT are closer to PET-CT, and the tumor volumes outlined by different physicians are more consistent.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 621-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of ultrasonic measurement of the pubic symphysis distance in predicting pubic symphysis diastasis(PSD) during delivery.Methods:A total of 262 pregnant women from June 2021 to July 2022 who delivered at Suzhou Wuzhong People′s Hospital and Jiangyin People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into PSD group of 26 cases and normal pregnant women group (control group) of 234 cases according to whether or not PSD was confirmed during postpartum follow-up. Relevant data of the two groups were collected, including the biparietal diameter and femoral length of the fetus within 7 days before delivery, the pubic symphysis distance of pregnant women when the cervix was not dilated, pubic symphysis distance when the cervix dilated to 5 cm during the first stage of delivery, and the pubic symphysis distance after delivery, the age of the pregnant woman, the gestational week, the number of pregnancies, and the birth weight of the fetus. The differences of the above relevant data between the two groups were compared.Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between various parameters. The occurrence of postpartum PSD, and Logistic regression was used to analyze the predictive value of various parameters on the occurrence of postpartum PSD. ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of each parameters to predict PSD.Results:The fetal birth weight, number of pregnancies, pubic symphysis distance in three time points in the PSD group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The age of the pregnant women was negatively correlated with the occurrence of postpartum PSD ( rs=-0.152, P=0.014). The fetal birth weight, the number of pregnancies, the pubic symphysis distance in the cervix no-dilated and the first stage of labor were positively correlated with the occurrence of postpartum PSD( rs=0.160, 0.166, 0.678, 0.581, all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the increase of pubic symphysis distance before labor would increase the risk of postpartum PSD, and the difference was statistically significant ( OR=2 506.028, 95% CI=14.293-439 402.630, P=0.003). The increase of pubic symphysis distance at the first stage of labor increased the risk of postpartum PSD, with a statistically significant difference ( OR=10 704.027, 95% CI=33.830-3 386 803.429, P=0.002). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of the pubic symphysis distance in the cervix no-dilated and the first stage of labor for the diagnosis of PSD were 0.896 and 0.917 respectively, the sensitivity were 0.731 and 0.885, the specificity were 0.940 and 0.829, and the corresponding critical values were 0.87 cm and 1.06 cm respectively. The area under the curve of the combination of the two parameters for the diagnosis of PSD was 0.930, the sensitivity was 0.885, and the specificity was 0.876. Conclusions:Ultrasonic measurement of pubic symphysis distance during delivery can predict the occurrence of postpartum PSD in pregnant women and can provide a basis for the occurrence and treatment of postpartum pubic symphysis separation in pregnant women.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 676-683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992766

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Objective:To investigate the common types of elbow joint injuries in skiing or snowboarding and their treatment.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 90 patients with elbow injury caused by skiing or snowboarding who had been admitted to Department of Upper Limbs, Sichuan Orthopaedic Hospital from February, 2015 to February, 2022. There were 53 males and 37 females with an age of (31.8±8.4) years. The types of elbow injury, visual analogue scale (VAS), range of motion (ROM) of the elbow and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) of the patients were recorded before treatment and at the last follow-up.Results:Of the patients, 18 were treated conservatively (3 simple Mason type I radial head fractures and 15 O'Driscoll type I coronal process fractures) and 72 surgically. Their follow-up time was (31.3±18.7) months. The fractures all healed by the time of the last follow-up. Simple elbow fracture was observed in 63 patients, simple elbow dislocation in 2 patients, fracture plus dislocation in 25 patients. The posterior dislocation was the most common (22 cases). Among the elbow fractures, radial head fracture occurred in 27 patients, ulnar coronoid process fracture in 41 patients, proximal ulnar fracture in 13 patients, and distal humeral fracture in 28 patients. Collateral ligament injuries were complicated in 65 cases. In the patients undergoing conservative treatment, their VAS, elbow ROM, and MEPS were all improved significantly from 4.7±1.4, 92.2°±14.4° and 63.9±6.5 before treatment to 0.4 (0,1.0), 110.6°±0.6°, and 92.2±3.9 at the last follow-up ( P<0.05); in the patients undergoing surgical treatment, their VAS, elbow ROM, and MEPS were also all improved significantly from 5.6±1.7, 24.3°±18.4°, and 26.9±12.2 before surgery to 0.6 (0,1.0), 97.4°±14.0° and 86.6±7.1 at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). After surgery, 8 patients presented with neurological symptoms and 7 patients developed heterotopic ossification. Conclusions:In skiing or snowboarding, the coronoid process of the ulna is the most vulnerable to fracture. In the elbow injuries due to skiing or snowboarding, posterior dislocation is the most common type which is often accompanied by injuries to the medial and lateral collateral ligaments. For simple Mason type Ⅰ radial head fractures and O'-Driscoll type Ⅰ coronoid process fractures in which the elbow is stable, conservative treatment can be adopted; surgical treatment is indicated for the other injuries.

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Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 605-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the physical and mental experience, treatment compliance and use barriers of patients with insomnia in using digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (dCBT-I) in order to provide qualitative evidence for the development and application optimization of the dCBT-I technology paradigm.Methods:From July to November 2021, a semi-structured interview outline was used to conduct in-depth interviews with the dCBT-I users ( n=10) to record their original feelings about the use of dCBT-I. Interpretative phenomenology's text analysis was used to explore the participants' experience and cognition of dCBT-I. Results:Text analysis and key information calibration were carried out on the verbatim transcripts of semi-structured interview recordings, and three core themes were extracted, namely stickiness factor, use barrier and optimization direction, as well as eight sub-themes, namely professionalism, accessibility, benefit experience, difficulty in task execution, instruction generalization, difficulty in software operation, enrich treatment content and personalized guidance.Conclusion:The present study showed that participants were receptive to the dCBT-I intervention and would be benefited from it.However, dCBT-I still needs to be optimized and improved to reduce the operating difficulty and explore more appropriate timing of manual intervention.

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