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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1132-1136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970585

ABSTRACT

In observational studies, herbal prescriptions are usually studied in the form of "similar prescriptions". At present, the classification of prescriptions is mainly based on clinical experience judgment, but there are some problems in manual judgment, such as lack of unified criteria, labor consumption, and difficulty in verification. In the construction of a database of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), our research group tried to classify real-world herbal prescriptions using a similarity matching algorithm. The main steps include 78 target prescriptions are determined in advance; four levels of importance labeling shall be carried out for the drugs of each target prescription; the combination, format conversion, and standardization of drug names of the prescriptions to be identified in the herbal medicine database; calculate the similarity between the prescriptions to be identified and each target prescription one by one; prescription discrimination is performed based on the preset criteria; remove the name of the prescriptions with "large prescriptions cover the small". Through the similarity matching algorithm, 87.49% of the real prescriptions in the herbal medicine database of this study can be identified, which preliminarily proves that this method can complete the classification of herbal prescriptions. However, this method does not consider the influence of herbal dosage on the results, and there is no recognized standard for the weight of drug importance and criteria, so there are some limitations, which need to be further explored and improved in future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Algorithms , Databases, Factual , Prescriptions , Plant Extracts
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2233-2240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981354

ABSTRACT

Regan Syrup has the effect of clearing heat, releasing exterior, benefiting pharynx and relieving cough, and previous phase Ⅱ clinical trial showed that the efficacy of Regan Syrup high-dose and low-dose groups was better than that of the placebo group, and there was no statistically significant difference in the safety between the three groups. The present study was conducted to further investigate the efficacy and safety of the recommended dose(20 mL) of Regan Syrup in the treatment of common cold(wind-heat syndrome). Patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected and divided into the test group(Regan Syrup+Shufeng Jiedu Capsules placebo), positive drug group(Regan Syrup placebo+Shufeng Jiedu Capsules) and placebo group(Regan Syrup placebo+Shufeng Jiedu Capsules placebo) at a 1∶1∶1 using a block randomization method. The course of treatment was 3 days. A total of 119 subjects were included from six study centers, 39 in the test group, 40 in the positive drug group and 40 in the placebo group. The onset time of antipyretic effect was shorter in the test group than in the placebo group(P≤0.01) and the positive drug group, but the difference between the test group and the positive drug group was not significant. The test group was superior to the positive drug group in terms of fever resolution(P<0.05), and had a shorter onset time of fever resolution than the placebo group, but without obvious difference between the two groups. Compared to the positive drug group, the test group had shortened disappearance time of all symptoms(P≤0.000 1). In addition, the test group was better than the positive drug group and the placebo group in relieving symptoms of sore throat and fever(P<0.05), and in terms of clinical efficacy, the recovery rate of common cold(wind-heat syndrome) was improved in the test group compared to that in the placebo group(P<0.05). On the fourth day after treatment, the total TCM syndrome score in both test group and positive drug group was lower than that in the placebo group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between three groups and none of them experienced any serious adverse events related to the study drug. The results indicated that Regan Syrup could shorten the onset time of antipyretic effect, reduce the time of fever resolution, alleviate the symptoms such as sore throat and fever caused by wind-heat cold, reduce the total score of Chinese medicine symptoms, and improve the clinical recovery rate with good safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Capsules , Common Cold/diagnosis , Double-Blind Method , Fever/drug therapy , Hot Temperature , Pharyngitis , Treatment Outcome
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1120-1125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928032

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of drug registration in China, the classification of Chinese medicine has greatly met the needs of public health and effectively guided the transformation, inheritance, and innovation of research achievements on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). In the past 30 years, the development of new Chinese medicine has followed the registration transformation model of " one prescription for single drug". This model refers to the R&D and registration system of modern drugs, and approximates to the " law-abiding" medication method in TCM clinic, while it rarely reflects the sequential therapy of syndrome differentiation and comprehensive treatment with multiple measures. In 2017, Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Review and Approval System and Encouraging the Innovation of Drugs and Medical Devices released by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council pointed out that it is necessary to " establish and improve the registration and technical evaluation system in line with the characteristics of Chinese medicine, and handle the relationship between the traditional advantages of Chinese medicine and the requirements of modern drug research". Therefore, based on the development law and characteristics of TCM, clinical thinking should be highlighted in the current technical requirements and registration system of research and development of Chinese medicine. Based on the current situation of registration supervision of Chinese medicine and the modern drug research in China, the present study analyzed limitations and deficiency of " one prescription for single drug" in the research and development of Chinese medicine. Additionally, a new type of " series prescriptions" was proposed, which was consistent with clinical thinking and clinical reality. This study is expected to contribute to the independent innovation and high-quality development of the TCM industry.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Public Health
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 259-264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927932

ABSTRACT

Since narrative medicine was introduced in China, it has been widely used in medical education and clinical practice. The research on narrative medicine in China is especially characterized by its combination with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). At present, the research on narrative medicine in China is still in the stage of small-scale practicing and theory advocating. Besides, there is also a lack of guidance on experimental design methodology for clinical application, which leads to few high-quality studies in this field. The present study reviewed the current high-quality research on narrative medicine to discuss the value and prospects of mixed methods research in narrative medicine. In addition, the common design, application procedures, and notes of mixed methods research were explained to provide references for the extensive applications of narrative medicine in the medical field, especially TCM clinical practice, education, and scientific research.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Narrative Medicine , Research Design
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 211-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940502

ABSTRACT

To give full play to the therapeutic advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in sepsis, clarify the entry point of integrated TCM and western medicine, further standardize the clinical treatment of TCM, develop a recognized and integrated treatment protocol of TCM and western medicine, and improve the clinical efficacy on sepsis,the Chinese Association of Chinese Medicine organized TCM and western medicine experts specialized in sepsis treatment to conduct in-depth discussions on the advantages of TCM and integrated TCM and western medicine in the treatment of sepsis based on the TCM etiology and pathogenesis of sepsis, a representative acute and critical disease. They emphasized the pathogenesis characteristics of asthenia of healthy Qi and sthenia of pathogenic factors and summarized the roles of Chinese medicine in correcting the imbalance of inflammatory response, improving blood coagulation dysfunction, and relieving organ damage. Furthermore, they proposed the treatment protocol with integrated TCM and western medicine, which is expected to provide references for actual clinical treatment and scientific research.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on the conventional treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 35 patients with COVID-19 of mild or ordinary type were involved (3 cases dropped off). Acupuncture was applied on the basis of western medicine and Chinese materia medica treatment. Dazhui (GV 14), Fengchi (GB 20), Kongzui (LU 6), Hegu (LI 4), etc. were selected as the main acupoints, the supplementary acupoints and the reinforcing and reducing manipulations were selected according to syndrome differentiation. Acupuncture treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week. On day 3 and day 7 of acupuncture, relief condition of the main symptoms was observed. Before acupuncture and on day 3 and day 7 of acupuncture, efficacy evaluation scale of TCM on COVID-19 (efficacy evaluation scale) score was recorded. The effects of different intervention time of acupuncture on patients' hospitalization time were compared, the understanding of acupuncture treatment of patients discharged from hospital was recorded, the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#On day 3 and day 7 of acupuncture, the symptoms of lung system and non lung system were both relieved; the scores of efficacy evaluation scale were both decreased compared before acupuncture (P<0.05), and the efficacy evaluation scale score of day 7 of acupuncture were lower than day 3 of acupuncture (P<0.05). The average hospitalization time of patients received early acupuncture was shorter than late acupuncture (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 84.4% (27/32) on day 7 of acupuncture, which was higher than 34.4% (11/32) on day 3 of acupuncture (P<0.05). During the acupuncture treatment, there were neither adverse reactions in patients nor occupational exposures in doctors. The patients generally believed that acupuncture could promote the recovery of COVID-19 and recommended acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional treatment, acupuncture can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms in patients with COVID-19, early intervention of acupuncture can accelerate the recovery process. Acupuncture has good safety, clinical compliance and recognition of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , COVID-19/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2304-2308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879191

ABSTRACT

Antiviral Oral Liquid is modified on the basis of Baihu Decoction in Treatise on Febrility Diseases by ZHANG Zhongjing and Qingwen Baidu Yin in Qing Dynasty, with effects in clearing toxic heat, repelling dampness and cooling blood. It is widely used in clinical treatment of common colds, influenza and upper respiratory tract infection, mumps, viral conjunctivitis and hand-foot-mouth disease, with a good clinical efficacy and safety. Based on a questionnaire survey of clinicians and a systematic review of study literatures on Antiviral Oral Liquid, the international clinical practice guidelines development method was adopted to analyze the optimal available evidences and expert experiences in the "evidence-based, consensus-based and experience-based" principles. The consensus was jointly reached by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts nationwide, including clinical experts of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the field of respiratory diseases and infectious diseases, and methodological experts. In the study, literatures were retrieved based on clinical problems in the clinical survey as well as PICO clinical problems. The GRADE system was used for the classification and evaluation of evidence, and fully combined with clinical expert experience, so as to reach expert consensus by the nominal grouping method. This expert consensus recommended or suggested indications, usage and dosage, course of treatment, intervention time for treatment, and the safety and precautions of Antiviral Oral Liquid for treatment of influenza, and can provide reference for the rational use of this drug in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Consensus , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1706-1710, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879083

ABSTRACT

To sort out the key points in "PICOS" design of clinical trial scheme for influenza, and optimize the clinical trial scheme of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of influenza by strictly following the principle of evidence-based medicine, focusing on the clinical practice of the disease, and highlighting the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. "The design of a randomized, double-blind, positive parallel control study of a certain herbal preparation for the treatment of non-severe influenza" was taken as an example in this study, and the key points in the clinical trial design of Chinese patent medicine for the treatment of influenza were specifically discussed from six aspects, including the type of study, object of study, intervention measures, control measures, outcome indicators and frequently asked questions in test design. From methodological suggestions, in the design scheme of clinical trial on efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of influenza, the randomized controlled study should be the first choice for type of study; the inclusion criteria should define both the diagnostic criteria of Western medicine and the syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM); the exclusion criteria should include a comprehensive list of confounding factors and special circumstances lea-ding to bias in the study results; the interventions should be based on a well-defined dosing programme; internationally recognized positive drugs or guidelines should be used as control measures, with median antipyretic time as the main outcome indicator. For the evalua-tion of curative effect, disease symptom scale can be set, and the TCM syndrome scoring scale was carefully used in this study, with time nodes set for the efficacy evaluation standard. The full name of the drugs should be written in the regulations on combined drug use and prohibited drug use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Evidence-Based Medicine , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 71-77, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905897

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Fuzheng Touxie prescription (FZTX) on the immune homeostasis of drug-resistant <italic>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</italic> lung infection in rats at different time points. Method:A total of 168 rats were divided into a blank group (<italic>n</italic>=8),a model group (<italic>n</italic>=40),a Touxie (TX) group (<italic>n</italic>=40),an early Fuzheng (FZ) group (<italic>n</italic>=40), and a delayed FZ group (<italic>n</italic>=40). The blank group was given distilled water by gavage, the model group was given distilled water by gavage after infection,the TX group was given clear heat and penetrate evil drug free decoction granules(3.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by gavage after infection, the early FZ group was given Fuzheng Touxie whole formula free decoction granules(10.75 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by gavage after infection, the delayed FZ group was given clear heat and penetrate evil drug free decoction granules by gavage after infection, on the third day plus Fuzheng drug free decoction granules[(3.5+10.75) g·kg<sup>-1</sup>] by gavage, the three treatment groups were gavaged twice a day, 2 mL each time .Each drug treatment group was divided into five groups according to five time points (3 h,1 d,3 d,5 d, and 7 d), with eight rats in each group. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>),high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1),interleukin-10(IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor -<italic>α</italic>-induced protein-8-like2 (TIPE2) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and HMGB1 protein expression level by Western blot. Result:At 3 h,the TNF-<italic>α</italic> content in the drug treatment groups was higher than that in the blank group and the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 3 d,the TNF-<italic>α</italic> content in the early FZ group and the delayed FZ group was lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and the TX group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 1 d,the HMGB1 content in the TX group and the delayed FZ group was higher than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 5 d,the HMGB1 content was lower in the delayed FZ group than in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 7 d,HMGB1 protein expression in the model group was higher than that in the blank group (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and the early FZ group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 3 d,the IL-10 content was significantly higher in both the early FZ group and the delayed FZ group than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 5 d,the IL-10 content was higher in the early FZ group than that in the TX group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 7 d,the IL-10 content in the early FZ group and the delayed FZ group was lower than that in the TX group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 5 d,the TIPE2 content in the early FZ group was lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At 7 d,the TIPE2 content in the TX group and the delayed FZ group was lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:FZTX or modified prescription can promote the inflammatory response to eliminate pathogenic bacteria in the early stage and suppress the inflammatory response in the late stage to avoid the inflammatory cascade effect and lung tissue damage,indicating that Fuzheng drugs have an important role in maintaining the immune homeostasis of the body after infection.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 936-942, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tanreqing Injection (, TRQI) combined with conventional treatment on clinical outcomes in the treatment of patients with influenza.@*METHODS@#The electronic databases searched were Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE (PubMed), EMbase (OvidSP), Chinese Bio-medical Literature and Retrieval System (Sinomed), China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and WanFang Data Knowledge Service Platform, and we checked the reference sections of the retrieved articles as well. The search was performed in October 2018, and we used the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that corresponded to the new diagnostic criteria for influenza. Two review authors independently screened the internalized articles in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement checklist. We evaluated the quality of the articles and extracted the data from the studies using the Revmen5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#We included 12 RCTs of over 882 cases in this meta-analysis. Compared to conventional treatment, TRQI combined with conventional treatment could increase the total effective rate [9 RCTs, n=648, odds ratio (OR): 4.92, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.94, 8.24, P<0.0001, random effects model], decrease the average time for fever clearance [7 RCTs, n=564, mean difference (MD): -1.08, 95% CI: -1.68, -0.48, P=0.0004, random effects model] and decrease the time for resolution of cough (5 RCTs, n=362, MD: -1.76, 95% CI: -2.63, -0.90, P<0.0001, random effects model).@*CONCLUSION@#Based on this meta-analysis of RCTs, TRQI combined with conventional treatment had a statistically significant benefit in increasing the total effective treatment rate and reducing the time for fever clearance as well as time for resolution of cough.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2249-2256, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827956

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to investigate the multi-constituent, multi-target mechanism of Xuanfei Baidu Tang(XFBD) in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), through exploring the main ingredients and effective targets of XFBD, as well as analyzing the correlation between XFBD targets and COVID-19. The compounds of each herb in XFBD were collected from TCM-PTD, ETCM, TCMSP and SymMap database. Next, the information of meridian tropisms was collected from Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition), and the target information of the major constituents of XFBD were obtained from TCM-PTD, ETCM, TCMSP and TargetNet database. Subsequently, the target network model and the major modules were generated by Cytoscape, and the functional enrichment analysis of XFBD targets were completed by DAVID and STRING. As a result, ten of the 13 herbs in XFBD belonged to the lung meridian, and 326 of the 1 224 putative XFBD targets were associated with the disease target of COVID-19, among which 109 targets were enriched in the disease pathways of viral infection and lung injury. The main biological pathways regulated by the key XFBD targets included viral infection, energy metabolism, immunity and inflammation, parasites and bacterial infections. In conclusion, the therapeutic mechanism of XFBD in COVID-19 showed a multi-herb, multi-constituent, multi-target pattern, with lung as the chief targeted organ. By regulating a series of biological pathways closely related to the occurrence and development of diseases, XFBD plays a role in balancing immunity, eliminating inflammation, regulating hepatic and biliary metabolism and recovering energy metabolism balance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 582-588, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777461

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of huperzine in treating patients with mild cognitive impairment. The randomized controlled trials(RCT) were retrieved from EMbase, Cochrane Library, PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The methodology quality of the included studies was evaluated, and a Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. A total of nine RCTs were included. The Meta-analysis results showed that compared with placebo, Huperzine significantly increased the scores of memory quotient(MQ) and mini-mental state examination(MMSE). However, there was no statistical difference between oral tablet and capsule. Compared with placebo, huperzine A was superior in the scores of MQ and MMSE. Huperzine is safe with mild side effects. Due to the low quality of original studies, more high-quality studies are needed to verify its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaloids , Therapeutic Uses , Cognitive Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Memory , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Sesquiterpenes , Therapeutic Uses
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4776-4781, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771573

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical application of clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for sepsis, in order to promote the follow-up revision and further promotion of the Guidelines. Copies of 500 application evaluation questionnaire and 500 copies of applicability evaluation questionnaire were given to the clinicians who had used this Guideline in China, both in a form of registered questionnaire, and a database was established by Excel 2016 for descriptive statistical analysis. Copies of 211 application evaluation questionnaire and 211 copies of applicability evaluation questionnaire were collected. We can conclude from the survey that we should adjust the whole content and structure on the basis of better evaluation of the present recommendation scheme, update the prescription selection and clinical evidence of the recommendation scheme, and put forward the improvement measures for the hindrance factors in the application of the Guideline. Furthermore, in order to promote the Guideline more clearly, we should strengthen the doctor-patient education, improve guidance quality and increase the publicity, providing basis for the implementation and promotion strategies of the Guideline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4782-4785, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771572

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for sepsis is strictly in accordance with the latest diagnostic criteria for sepsis (sepsis-3) for the treatment of septic patients at different stages through syndrome differentiation. At present, the abuse of antibiotics and the prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria are very serious, without effective solutions. Thus, this is the first time to focus on traditional Chinese medicine combined with antibiotics to treat sepsis, in order to minimize the incidence of drug-resistant bacteria. This Guideline tends to systematically analyze the sepsis period, septic shock period as well as different clinical symptoms and traditional Chinese medicine measures for organ dysfunction in the sepsis process. By analyzing and interpreting the Guideline systematically, the clinicians could understand its purpose, significance and core ideas more thoroughly, and grasp the recommended specific interventions as well as their advantages and disadvantages, hoping to better implement the Guideline, provide guidance to clinicians and standardize the treatment of sepsis by traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sepsis , Drug Therapy
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1423-1429, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350167

ABSTRACT

Sepsis brings great burden to the industry of health care and national economy, and antibiotics used in anti-infective treatment will cause the emergence of drug-resistant bacteria, adverse reactions, and reduce the efficacy and quality of life. However, with the deepening of the study of traditional Chinese medicine treatment of sepsis, in reducing the production of drug-resistant bacteria, changing the drug resistance of drug-resistant bacteria, preventing multiple infection, response to inflammatory response and immune damage, treatment of gastrointestinal dysfunction and coagulation disorders, TCM is gradually exerting its advantages. In recent years, with the continuous development of clinical research, the curative effect of traditional Chinese medical way is widely recognized, especially Xuebijing injection. In addition, the clinical research of Chinese medicine, acupuncture, acupoint sticking is more and more. Its play an important role to reduce the mortality of patients with sepsis, reduce inflammatory indexes, blood coagulation index. However, the pathophysiology of sepsis is not clear, the illness progress rapidly and the problem of drug-resistant bacteria resistant, our task is still arduous. Looking forward to the emergence of higher quality research, and looking forward to more individualized and refined treatment programs.

16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 916-921, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Qiguiyin Decoction, QGYD) on multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A pseudomonal infection model in SD rats was established by injecting multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa intraperitoneally. Infected rats were randomized into four groups treated with Pure water, QGYD, ceftazidime, or combined QGYD and ceftazidime. Blood samples were obtained from the abdominal aorta. Serum was then collected and analyzed by peptide array for immune responsiveness to multidrug-resistant beta-lactamase proteins, including Verona integronen-coded metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (VIM-1), Sao Paulo metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (SPM-1), and Temoniera (TEMs). Blood levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>QGYD enhanced antibody reactivity against VIM-1 [epitopes 7-11 and 36-40] and TEM-1 [epitopes 26-27, 52-55, and 66-70]. QGYD treatment restored the compromised antibody reactivity against VIM-1 [epitopes 53-54 and 56-58] and SPM-1 [epitopes 16-19 and 82-85] following pseudomonal infection. Serum levels of IL-1β and Th1/Th2 in the rats were significantly elevated following pseudomonal infection (P<0.05 orP<0.01). In contrast, QGYD and combination QGYD and ceftazidime treatment restored the elevated serum IL-1β and Th1/Th2 levels to normal (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>QGYD improves the immune response to pseudomonal infection in rats by stimulating the production of protective antibodies against drug-resistant proteins VIM-1, SPM-1, and TEM-1. In addition, it protects the immune system and maintains immune responsiveness by restoring IL-1β and Th1/Th2 levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Antibodies, Bacterial , Blood , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-1beta , Blood , Pseudomonas Infections , Drug Therapy , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , beta-Lactamases , Allergy and Immunology
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 554-557, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309672

ABSTRACT

A collection of neurons in the upper lumbar spinal cord (lumbar segments 3 and 4) of male rats project to the lower lumbar spinal cord (lumbar segments 5 and 6) and release a gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) to the somatic and autonomic regions, which are known to regulate male sexual reflexes. The GRP plays some special functions when bound to the specific GRP receptor (GRPR). The spinal GRP system is regulated by androgens. Accumulating evidence shows that GRP plays an important role in rat penile erection and ejaculation, and pharmacological stimulation of GRPRs with a specific agonist can restore penile reflexes and ejaculation in castrated male rats. Therefore, the GRP system appears to be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of erectile dysfunction or ejaculatory dysfunction. The present paper briefly reviews the recent studies on the role of the spinal GRP system in regulating the sexual function of males.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Androgens , Metabolism , Ejaculation , Physiology , Gastrin-Releasing Peptide , Metabolism , Physiology , Penile Erection , Physiology , Spinal Cord , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1631-1635, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231631

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the effect and safety of Jinhua Qinggan Granule (JHG) in treating influenza patients of wind-heat affecting Fei syndrome (WHAFS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 136 influenza patients of WHAFS were randomized by stratification into 3 groups, the high dose JHG group (44 cases, 10 g each time), the low dose JHG group (45 cases, 5 g JHG + 5 g placebo each time), and the placebo control group (47 cases, 10 g placebo each time). All medication was administered three times daily for 5 days. The fever disappearance time, the fever disappearance rate, efficacy of TCM syndrome, the disappearance rate of main symptoms and physical signs of flu, the negative rate of virus nucleic acid in the pharyngeal secretion, and safety indicators were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median fever disappearance time was 32.8 h (95% CI: 22.5-41.0 h) in the high dose JHG group, 26.0 h (95% CI: 14.5-36.5 h) in the low dose JHG group, 39.5 h (95% CI: 29.0-46.0 h) in the placebo control group. There was statistical difference in the median fever disappearance time between the low dose JHG group and the placebo control group (P = 0.011). Three days after treatment, the markedly effective rate of TCM symptoms in the low dose JHG group was 66.7%, higher than that of the placebo control group (38.3%), and its effective rate was superior to that of the high dose JHG group (P = 0.043). Five days after treatment, the recovery rate of the low dose JHG group (42.2%) was higher than that of the high dose JHG group (25.0%, P = 0.026) and that of the placebo control group (14.9%, P = 0.002). The markedly effective rate of the low dose JHG group (86.7%) was higher than that of the placebo control group (55.3%, P = 0.001). Similar effects were obtained in the low dose JHG group and the high dose JHG group, but slightly poor in partial indicators of the high dose JHG group. There was no statistical difference in adverse reaction among these three groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>JHG was effective and safe in treating influenza patients of WHAFS. Routinely low dose was the optimal dosage of JHG.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Influenza, Human , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 706-709, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical value of 64-slice spiral 3-phase CT enhanced scanning for preoperative TNM staging assessment of gastric carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed to review the 64-slice spiral 3-phase CT enhanced scanning of 120 patients with gastric cancer diagnosed by biopsy prior to operation and postoperative pathological reports. All the findings were reviewed by two senior radiologic diagnosticians separately and compared with pathological findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The accuracy of 64-slice spiral CT enhanced scan was 79.2%(95/120) for T staging, 66.7%(10/15) for T1, 66.7%(14/21) for T2, 84.0%(42/50) for T3, and 85.3%(29/34) for T4. For gastric wall with single layer and multiple layers, the accuracy of CT enhanced scanning was 59.4%(19/32) and 81.8%(72/88) for T staging, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). The accuracy of 64-slice spiral CT enhanced scan was 73.9%(85/115) for N staging, 75.5%(37/49) for N0, 70.3%(26/37) for N1, 75.9%(22/29) for N2. The accuracy of 64-slice spiral CT enhanced scanning was 89.2% for M staging.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>64-slice spiral CT 3-phase enhanced scanning can monitor the invasion, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis of gastric cancer dynamically, which may become an important examination item for the preoperative evaluation of gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods
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