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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737199

ABSTRACT

The relationship between the levels of renalase and changes in proteinuria,hypertension,renal function,renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expression was investigated in patients (chronic nephritis,primary nephrotic syndrome or other kidney disease) that underwent renal biopsy.The study group comprised 72 patients undergoing renal biopsy.Patient profiles and renal function were collected.Concentrations of renalase and Bcl-2 were measured by immunohistochemistry.Tubular injury was detected by periodic acid Schiff staining (PAS) and renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL assay.The expression of renalase was significantly lower in renal biopsy specimens than in normal kidney tissues.There was a positive linear relationship between renalase and some serum and cardiac indices;a negative correlation was found between age,eGFR,Ccr and 24-h urinary protein.Renal tubule injury index and tubular epithelial cell apoptosis index showed a negative linear correlation with renalase.The results showed that renalase probably increased the expression of Bcl-2.By two independent samples t-test,renalase levels were significantly increased in the non-hypertension group than in the hypertension group.One-way ANOVA showed that renalase expression was higher in samples with Lee's grade Ⅲ than in those with Lee's grade V.The expression of renalase was significantly decreased in patients who underwent renal biopsy,and was also associated with blood and renal function.The research proved that renalase may reduce renal tubular injury and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway,finally achieving the purpose of delaying the progress of renal failure.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1726-1730, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of iron metabolism abnormality on EPO-STAT5 signaling pathway in anemia patients.@*METHODS@#According to diseases, the patients were divided into 3 groups: lower risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) group (30 cases) including 14 cases of non-iron over load and 16 cases of iron over load, 12 cases of them were treated by iron chelation therapy; anemia of chronic disease (ACD) group (12 cases) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) group (12 cases). In addition, the healthy control group was selected. The iron metaloslism index (SF, SI, TIBC), serum level of EPO, plasma level of P-STAT5 and STAT-5 mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells were detected and compared in different groups. Moreover, the effects of iron metabolism abnormality on the expression of EPO and STAT5 in anemia patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#compared with non-iron over load group, the EPO level in iron over load group significantly increased (P<0.05), the expression of STAT5 mRNA and P-STAT5 significantly decreased (P<0.05). After iron chelation therapy, the EPO level in serum significantly decreased (P<0.05), the expression of STAT5 mRNA and P-STAT5 was up-regulated significantly (P<0.05). Compared with healthy control group, the expression of EPO in ACD group was down-regulated significantly, while the expression of STAT5 mRNA was not different, but the P-STAT5 expression was down-regulated significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the healtly control group, the EPO expression in IDA group was enhanced significantly (P<0.05), the expression of STAT5 mRNA and P-STAT5 were also significantly enhanced (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The excessive iron load or chronic inflammation may inhibit the activation of EPO-STAT5 signaling pathway and aggravate the anemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Erythropoietin , Humans , Iron , STAT5 Transcription Factor , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735731

ABSTRACT

The relationship between the levels of renalase and changes in proteinuria,hypertension,renal function,renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expression was investigated in patients (chronic nephritis,primary nephrotic syndrome or other kidney disease) that underwent renal biopsy.The study group comprised 72 patients undergoing renal biopsy.Patient profiles and renal function were collected.Concentrations of renalase and Bcl-2 were measured by immunohistochemistry.Tubular injury was detected by periodic acid Schiff staining (PAS) and renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL assay.The expression of renalase was significantly lower in renal biopsy specimens than in normal kidney tissues.There was a positive linear relationship between renalase and some serum and cardiac indices;a negative correlation was found between age,eGFR,Ccr and 24-h urinary protein.Renal tubule injury index and tubular epithelial cell apoptosis index showed a negative linear correlation with renalase.The results showed that renalase probably increased the expression of Bcl-2.By two independent samples t-test,renalase levels were significantly increased in the non-hypertension group than in the hypertension group.One-way ANOVA showed that renalase expression was higher in samples with Lee's grade Ⅲ than in those with Lee's grade V.The expression of renalase was significantly decreased in patients who underwent renal biopsy,and was also associated with blood and renal function.The research proved that renalase may reduce renal tubular injury and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway,finally achieving the purpose of delaying the progress of renal failure.

4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 161-164, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692402

ABSTRACT

Objective To validate the analysis capability of RapidHITTM 200 system for four kinds of routine forensic samples and the recyclable capability of template, template DNA and PCR products in the process of twice duplicate detection. Methods The buccal swabs underwent the test twice by RapidHITTM 200 system, and the template DNA and PCR products that arose in the system were also tested for two times. After four kinds of routine forensic samples were detected by RapidHITTM 200 system, the follow-up tests of the template, template DNA and PCR products that arose in the system were performed. Re-sults The STR loci could be detected in the buccal swabs by the system for the first time. However, part of the STR loci lost during the second test. And the peak value obtained in the second test was significantly reduced than the one in the first time. The average STR loci detection rates of the template DNA and PCR products were both less than 50% in the second test, which were significantly reduced than that in the first test. In addition, the analysis capability of the system for the tissues and buccal swabs was better than that for the blood and cigarette butts. Compared with the first test, the STR loci detection rate of the tested items, template DNA and PCR products decreased with the numbers of tests. Conclusion RapidHITTM 200 system is more effective in retesting buccal swabs than other samples, whereas the items, DNA template, PCR products obtained in the first and second time cannot be directly used for the further application and study of forensic medicine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689565

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression level of insulin-like growth facter (IGF-IR) in CD34 cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes(MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of IGF-IR in the CD34 cells of 100 MDS patients and 18 normal controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average IGF-IR expression level in the CD34 cells of 100 MDS patients (41.0±28.1)% was statistically and significantly elevated in comparison with the corresponding level in normal controls(4.3±1.8)%,(P<0.0001). The average expression level of 22 cases in high-risk groups was very significantly increased, compared with that in 78 cases of low-risk groups[(66.5±27.8)% vs (34.5%±24.9)%](P<0.0001), and the average expression level in 23 patients with chromosome abnormality was very significantly increased in comparison with that in rest 77 patients [(56.0±30.9)% vs (36.9%±26.2)%](P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The over-expression of IGF-IR in CD34 cells of MDS patients suggests that the IGF-IR may involve in the origin, occurrence and progress. The average IGF-IR expression level is markedly elevated in high-risk groups and the patients who showed chromosome abnormality, this trend revealed that IGF-IR correlates with malignant clonal proliferation in MDS patients, thus providing a basis for their prognosis and outcome evaluation.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow Cells , Chromosome Aberrations , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Somatomedins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313862

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to investigate the origination of abnormal clones in hematopoietic cells of MDS patients. That is to say if there are abnormal clones in CD34(+)CD38(-) and CD34(+)CD38(+) cells and their proportions in MDS patients. Immuno-magnetic bead technique was used to sort CD34(+)CD38(-) and CD34(+)CD38(+) in bone marrow mononuclear cells of 9 MDS patients with chromosome abnormalities (four cases with trisomy 8, 1 case with trisomy 8 complex karyotype, 2 cases with 5q(-), 1 case with 5q(-)complex karyotype, 1 case with 5q(-) accompanying trisomy 8) and smears were made respectively. Then the percentage of abnormal clones in CD34(+)CD38(-) and CD34(+)CD38(+) cells were compared by using FISH. The results indicated that abnormal clones were involved in the two population cells in 9 patients. The percentage of abnormal clones in CD34(+)CD38(-) cells (41.8 ± 8.4%)was obviously lower than that in CD34(+)CD38(+) cells(72.4 ± 7.7%) (p < 0.001), and the percentage of abnormal clones in karyocytes was 70.8 ± 9.2%. It is concluded the abnormal clones of bone marrow hematopoietic cells may originate from stem cell stage in MDS patients with 5q(-) and +8, and the abnormal clones are predominant at stage of progenitors.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Chromosome Aberrations , Clone Cells , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 744-747, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe the expression level of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) in malignant clone cells of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The combination of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunochemistry (alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase, APAAP) was used to detect the expression of IGF-IR in the bone marrow cells of 40 MDS patients with abnormal karyotypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average IGF-IR expression level on the clone cells \[(84.5 ± 14.2)%\] from the MDS cases was markedly elevated compared to the corresponding level on normal cells \[(11.4 ± 12.1)%\]. And the percentages of malignant clone cells in all 40 MDS cases were significantly correlated with the relevant percentages of IGF-IR positive nucleated cells (r = 0.929, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IGF-IR might be taken as a marker of clone cells in MDS for its trait to malignant proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Clone Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Metabolism , Pathology , Receptor, IGF Type 1 , Metabolism , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 298-304, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334893

ABSTRACT

Membrane (M) protein genes of 20 infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains isolated in China between 1995 and 2004 were sequenced and analyzed. The M genes of twenty isolates were composed of 672 to 681 nucleotides, encoding polypeptides of 223 to 226 amino acid residues. Variations of the deduced amino acids of M gene mainly occurred at positions 2 to 17 and 221 to 233, comparing with that of the IBV strain LX4. There were deletions or insertions in the M gene of Chinese isolates at amino acid position 2 to 6, leading to the loss or gain of a glycosylation site. Phylogenetic tree based on amino acid sequences of M genes from 20 Chinese isolates and 34 reference strains showed that they were classified into five distinct clusters. Most of the Chinese IBV strains were included in clusters II and IV, forming distinct groups. The isolates in cluster II showed a close evolutionary relationship with Taiwan isolates. Furthermore, recombination especially the recombination between field isolates and vaccine strains had been observed while comparing the phylogeny of M genes with those of S1 and N genes.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , China , Genetic Variation , Infectious bronchitis virus , Classification , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Viral Matrix Proteins , Genetics
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